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USSR VINOGRADSKIY, A. S. "Control ir. Networks with Fixed 13egree. of Uncertainty of Arcs" Probl. Peredachi Inform. [Problems of Woritiation Transmission], 1972, Vol 9, NoA, pp 74-81 (Translated-frota Hefevativnyy Zhurnal riberactika, No 4, 1973, Abstract No 4VIO, by the autbor).' Translation: This article is dedicated to certain problems of optimizzi-tion in stochastic networks. Wi th rather limitations on :the iietworl-, theorcins are produced for the existence, and~,uniquencss of v minimal path and a-maximal flow. Die probleiti is also studied of constructing a flow minimizing a special -type of penalty function. USSR We k4.449.57 VINOGEARSKOY, 0. N., Eaitor Moscow, Rukovodstvo po bor'be s nasekozyai i klechchwii perenoschikami Yozbudite bolezney cbelove6 (Handbook.on the Control.of Insects and Ticks Carriers of Human Diseaze), Pleditsinag 19.72, 248 pp- Translation: The spread of a number of infections in the territory of the USSR carried by insects and ticks makes it netessary to attract the attention of a broad clas,% of medical workers and the.population to these,problems. The purpose of-this edition of the "Handbooklon the Control of Insects and Ticks Carrier~of Human Diseases" -- As to familiarize the tnedical workers of various specialties and the population with die Insectn: and ticks having mcdi- cal. signif icance so that, when necesaary these people can report tile danger of the upread of infections to the corresponding riedical inatitutions (sanitary- epidemiological stations). In addition, in many cases the basic health of an area and also the preventive and control measures can be.handled by the forces of the population with the participation. of social~and economic organizations. Students under the direction of biology teachers can be of great assistance in solving the stated problems. Therefore, methods of controlling insects and ticks having medical significance are presented in the handbook. .1/4 USSR VINOGRADSKOY, 0. N., Rukovodstvo po bor,be s nasekomy-pi i klesh~ham~ ~ere--~ noschikami vozbuditeley bolezney cheloveka,~Meditsina,. 1972, 248 pp This handbook orients the readers in the distinguishing features of in- sects and ticks which are dangerous to man, where they live, what their basic biological characteristics are, what their role is in the spread of infectious diseases in various natural zones of the Soviet Union And the basic methods of controlling them. Contents ~Introduction (Doctor of Biological Sciences 0.~ N. Vinagradskaya) .... 3 Part 1. Flying Insects.(Order Diptera) Chapter 1. Malarial Mosquitoes. Famlly_Culicidae, Subfamily Anophe'- linae (Candidate,of Biological-Sciences'A. 1. BaAdin, Doctor of Biological Sciences,O. N.'Vinogradskaya)i....O'...... ...... 15 Chapter 11. Nonmalarial Blood Sur-king Mosquitoes (Famll~ Culicidae, Subfamily Culicinae) (Doctor:.of.Biological Sciences 0. :N. Vinogradskaya) ....................... ............ 39 Chapter 111. Biiffala Gnats (Family Simuliidae) (Candidate of -Biolo- gical Sciences S. P. Rasnitsyn) ....................... 57 Chapter IV. Biting Midges (Family-Heleidae or CeratopDgn~nidae) (Candidate of Biological Sciences R, M. Gornostaye~va) ........ 66 Chapter V. Sand Flies (Family: Phlebotomidae) (Candidate of Biological Sciences T. I. Dargacheva) ......... ......... ................. 214 75 93 USSR VINOGRADSKOY, 0. N., Rudovodstva po bor'be s nasekomymi i kleslichami pere- noschikami vozbuditeley balezney cheloveka, Meditsina,,~1972, 248 pp Chapter VI. Cad Flies (Family Tabanidae) Doctor of Biological Sciences N. G. Olsuf'yev) ................................... 84 Chapter VII. Flies (Families Muscidae, Call-i~phoridae,:.Sare6phagidae) (Candidate of Biological Sciences N.'F. Zakharova) ........ 90 Part 2. Other-Insects' Chapter VIII. Lice (Order Siphunculata (Candidate of Biological Sciences L. N. Pogodina) - ........ .......... ............. 105 Chapter IX. Fleas (Order Siphonaptera, Ap4an'iptera) (If.. R. Netsen- gevich) ............. ................ ....... 112 Part 3. Ticks 'hapter X Ixodoiden Superfamily of,Ticka_(Family lxodl.dae) (Candl- date of Biological Sciences :Z. H. Zhmayeva)' ........... 140 Chapter X1. Ticks (Family Argasidae) (Do~tor4of Biological Sciences (M. V.'Pospelava-Shtrom) .................. ............ 162 Chapter XII. Gamasid Mites (Superfamily Ga'masoidea) (Doctor of Biological Sciences A. A. Zemskaya) ........ ............ 171 Chapter XIII.. Trombiculid Mites (Trombiculidae Family) (Candidate of Biological Sciences N. I. Kudryas hova) ................ 182 3/4 USSR VINOGRADSKOY, 0. N., Rudovodstvo po bor'bes naselcomymi i kleshchami pere- noschi!~ami vozbuditeley bolezney cheloveka2- Meditsina,~1972,: 248 pp Part 4. Means of Destroying Arthopods Carriers of Human Diseases., Organization of Insect Extermination Chapter XIV. 'Ifeans of Exterminating Arthropods - Carriers of Human Diseases (Doctor of Nedical,Sciences:V. 1. Vashkov) ......... 191 Chapter XV, Ifeans of Controlling Arthropods,(Candidate of Chemical Sciences V. M. Tsetlin) .......... ....... 216 Chapter XVI. ,Organization of Disinfestatibn Measures.(Dector, of Medical Sciences V. 1, Vashkov, Candidate of Medical Sciences M. N. Titova) .................. ................I ....... 235 Recommended Literature ................... I............................ 244 4/4 94 USSR UDC,669.15126-194:621.787.7 VINOKUR B. B., GRAUH 1.11 P., KIIIL'CHEVSKAYA, T. V., GELLER, A L., KULICHENKO, V. P., and SHIYANOVSKIYI I., Institute of Casting Problems, Academylof Sciences, Ukrainian SSR ".Carbide Transformations in Complexly Alloyed Steel Contain- ing One Percent Chromium" Moscow Izvestiya VUZ Chfwnaya,Meta1lurgiya, NO 10, 1973, pp 104-108 Abstract: On the basis of.studying carbide deposition by chemical and x-ray structural-methods the authors concluded that a special chromium carbide Me7C3 is formed, The methods used include microdiffraction~of carbides extracted*into a replica, distortions of the.second and:third type, modifica- tions in the electrical resistance, coercive forcesi micro- hardness, expanding the steel in the state.of quenching and annealing at temperatures of 400-6500 V, Under ordinary an- USSR VINOXURP B. B., et al.; Izvestiya VuZ, CherWa lfetallmgiya, No 10, 1973, -pp w4-ioa. nealing conditions this carbide is formed by a gradual re- structuring of the iron car-hide how much it is doped with chromium, manganese', and tungsten. A coherent bond is retained between the lattices. Lengthy annealing at 6500 C will result in a separation.of trigonal chromium car- bide. Table I compares the chemical,conposition of the car- bide phase as a function of annealing temperature; Table 2 identifies.the carbide phases after different-annealing con- ditions. Figure 1 shows the influence,of annealing tempera- ture on change in the fine crystal'~structure,anr_ certain physical characteristics of-a.-steel., .~Figure 2:1s an elec- tron diffraction pattern,of the carbides-and an identifica- tion of the carbide phases following annealing,at 6500 C for.a period of four hours*. The article contains 2 illuatrations, 2 ~iablas, and 9 bibliographic referenceso ~2/2 MOM ivtimwm~ USSR UDC 620.2 7.172 KHAUSTOVA 13P-AUN M. P. L. V.y p-nd GELLER, A. L., e of 4 t A 0 em Casting.'of the Academy of me p Kiyev, Insti s of Sciences of the Ukrainian Soviet' Socialist Repifolic tely Alloyed Steels" "On the Tendency to Brittle Pailur'e,of Gompqoi U Kiyev, Problemy Prochnosti, -No. 9, SeP 71, -pp 79 -83 Abstract The tendency to brittle failure wi-it's e:,-p OrIMent ally investigated on.a great number of cojaDositalir alloyed steels vzhich~coritained Cr, "r arkl.Mn~ C_- and Z.-Tn. and additional alloy- ing with Ni or Si, and on standard ind-ustria],: steels 40Kh:IIT 30IQIGSA , 35Khlrr-I , and 3 4KhN _V . A reduced ri-oftnepw coefficient pecimeaslis consid tle ij - in testing notched s- ered a,lbrit noss cri'c rion and the tendency of steel to brittle fatlure. is rated by a coeff icien~ .1k characterizing the notch effect. and determined by a method of Dawjdc_rj_!cov-Belyayev. The investig.?.tion resiilts are discuzsed by reference to tabulated data and diagrams showing the character o--:' teal'~ed _--roecimenss and effects: of the notch form t and depthlon the brittleness:of steel. Five illustr., three ta- bles, ten biblio. refs. USSR UDC 621.791.011:669.15-194 N BRAT311, M. P INOKIUR ~B~I.IBI BM V. T., Institute of Cast- ing Probl m Acao~ ~c emV 0 e s Academy of Scl nces Mcrainian SSR, GEMLER, A. AL. Donets Scientific Research Institute.of Ferrous! Metallurgy, XONDRASHEV, A. I., PILYUSHENKO, V. L. TKAGHEV', V.-V., New Krama- torsk Machinery Plant imeni V. I. Lenin "Strength and Embrittlemeat of Welded, 25Kh2-MIT Steel in Large Cross Sections" Kiev, Avtomaticheskaya Svarka, No 3, Mar 71, 18-22 pp Abstract: A study was made of the tendency of 25KhMIT steel toward temper brittleness, cold brittleness, and notch sensitivjty in various parts of the cross.section:of a largm sample 1,000 mm in diameter. The relation of theselcharactC.6ristics to the metallurgical nature and the steel during heat treatment of large.products was established. The tests.showed the possibility utilization of 25Kh2G.%41T steel in large cross sections. IJ uss'l T!7: :VAD-J, BRA MILCHENS.K'4WA, T. V., and -e. irls-L-L'LuLe 0,;-': 1 C d C i,jy ences U'-rss-, ~01: Cl "Seam zone Pitase Cc--;.-,OsiLio-,l 0 f, C On, I e: AIIIDYed S,teel" Kiev Sval-ka, ~To 10, OZ!L 70, p -1) 1-5 -:o. Js c--Ile-z c.:: rvzL-re AbSLraC-1: of the PrQCC5~',;(~s r -Z* C, V.1 i2 c';n c- Ll W L anc; :~.00 counse 0~ 0 cf, r- c ml 0~ war 1, 0 S ul C"'. I o -Cr.. C" ~was O.G3 fhc C07.1--oS 1,;~-i inn if i: P Or ~11;: a iffract-lon witin; cii--%1cr rA-,oro,---rapjiy in cobalt: o-, bw -11he sub catcd. t o chu-nical e a c 0 n o c Z 1 z 7:,l r I J i k~ t -1-1 L. z) r 0 c 1; 7) i t Z~ was bo--,-W~~ in~ a 0. foc irs. , Other a~-& t -1, c :.C_ -- 1:0,: I:IVC C,~ OZ 11-4d L that thie z-:ta7n-'-,;z anC' moiYbderwjr carbides are lwt responsiblu ---or chu ment of -!112 022 UNCLASSIFTEQ PkO'CESSUNG DATE--160CT70 T--,.t-tLE--MI CROALLOY ING OF STEEL.25KH2GML:~U_ ,-A,UTHOR-03.1-3RAUNi M.P., DENISEV.ICHt' YE*~ A'. t :VINOKUR, B.B. -C dUlqT RY. 0 F I NF(]--U S SR O-URCE--LI.T.ElNO.E PROIZVOD. 1970, lil),, 15 '0 t E TUBL ISHeD ------- 70 SUBJECT-AREAS--MATERIALS TOPIC TAGS--ALLOY DESIGNATION, MECROALLOYINGs IMPACT STRENGTH, LOW ALLOY CHROMIUM STEEL, MANGANESE STEEL, MOLYBDENUIM STEELIP I ITANIUMI -CO14TAI' STEELt ZIP NM -CONIUM CONTAINING STEELt: VANA01UM CONTAININ~; STEEL, CONTAINING STEELM U) 25KH2f;0J.L LOW ALLOY STEEL 6~64TAOL MAPKING--NO RESTRICTIONS .[-)G,C:U,V,ENT CLASS--UNCLASSIFIED I.:.- PR 0XlY REEL/FPAAE--1995/1332 STEP NO--UR/0128/70/ 000/001/0015/0017 CJRC ACCESSION NO--AP0116792 S 5 1 1 E D ---2/2 022 UNCLAS~ IF I ED PROCESS114G DATE--160CT70 r _'jRC ACCESSION NO--AP0116792 W8STRACT/EXTRACT--(U) GP-0- ABSTRACT. THE EFFECT WAS STUDIED OF STRUCTURE AND ImPACT STRENGTH OF .,MICROAMTS. OT TI, ZRr V, AND NO ON ~.l'STEEL 25KH26ML IC 0.26-0.29, SI 0.18-0~29v MN 1.35--~L.609 CR 1.70-2-00, 1410 0.58-0.70, S 0.016-0.022t AND, P viT.P,ERCENT.) THE STEEL NACEP DEOXIUIZED -,41TH:FE-SI (500G-100KG) WAS. MELTED IN AN INDUCTION FUR, :.!AND WITH AL (60G-100KG)t AND ALLOYED WITH a.05-0.5PERCEPIT OF ONE OF EACH -OF THE ABOVE MENTIONED ELEMENTS. STFEL:WAS NORMALJZED~FOR 4 HR AT _,q.,-,-92GDEGREESv TEMPERED AT 65GUEGREES, AND. COOLED IN A'IR. ;TI FORMED OZIDES, SILICATESt NITRIDES, AND SULFIDES AS WELL AS (FFv MIN, TI) :SULFIDES AND OXYSULFIDES TIS-TIO SUB2.~ ZR BEHAVED SIMILARLY TO Tf .--.,.EXCEPT T14AT _.T RkACTED MORE ACTIVELY WITH S. NS FGJRMED SULFIDES, SILICATES, t,.HTAIDES, AND CARBOSULFIDES,:AND,AFFECTED DI~TRIBUTIUli OF -CARBIDES. AT SMALLER THAN OR EQUAL Ti 0415PERCENT Nd CARBIDES FORMED A NETWORK ALONG GRAI.N BOUNDARIE'St ANU SNALLER.- THAN 0-35PEPCENT N3 CAR31DES J3ECAME COARSER WITH SIMULTANEOUS DECREASE OF IMPACT~~ STRENGTH. AT '0.15-0.4PEK'CENT N3 THE 11111PACT STRENGTH WAS ~FAIRLY HIGH (5.5 KG,M-CM p R I M E2_~' THE MGST FAVORABLE ADDITIVE WAS-V', WHICH:Al 0.15PERCENT SHOWED -HIGtfEST IMPACT STRENGTH OF ALL AOD.ITIVES_~(6.5 KG,Al-Cm PRIME2) ANo UP TO 0 *2 -0.3PERCEI,kT DID NOT AFFECT UNFAVORABLY: THE STRUCTURE.. THE ADD.N. OF V _1-0.2PEkCE.'4T IS RECOMMENDEDO NCLAS' I FIED _Uf UN LASST -Fl,Eb :P."ROCESSING DATF--IISEP70 C0N.TQ0L.MARK.ING--NO RESTRICTIONS UNCLASSIFIE0 'PROCESSING DATE-11SEP70 2/2 009 C IPC ACCESSION NO-AM0103696 ,~"~ABSTRAGT/EXTRACT--(V) GP-0- ABSTRACT. TABLE OF CONTENTS: I NT:ZODUCT 1 ON -3. EXPERI-MENTALl.METHODS 3F DETERMINGzHAPOENABILITY TEMPER APILITY AND HARDENABILITY~ 5. VOLUMETRIC HARDENING~..METHOD -80 END HARDENING METHOD AND1TS VAPIETY 39u NEMCHINSKIY~METHIOD !45. CALCULAItU 'METHODS OF DETERMINING PARDENABILITY METHOD OF COEFFICIENTS.!-'~ULTIPLIERS 55. DETERMINING HARDENABILITY,BY DIAGRAMS OF CONVERSION 0F-SUPFpC90LED AUSTENITE METHODS OF'MODEL'ING HARDENING PROCESSES GENERAL DESCRIPTION 83. . NEW METHOD OFM0DELJNG 86. LITERATURE 104. -__-_liTHE- A-OOK WAS. iNTENDED FOR-SCtENTIFIC AND ENGINEtERING"AND TECHNICAL 'WORKERS OF -METAL LU;RG ICA L AND MECHAN.ICAL ENGINEERINr, SPECIALTIES, AND ALSO FOR TEACHERS AND STUDENTS OF, COLLEGES OF~CORRESPONDING SPECIALTIES, .zo UNCLASSIFIED uDc 628.315.z USSR TKGORYAN, IM. A., and STEPANY.414, 1. S., jUrovokan 11p4rification of Sewage From the Prod uction of Ion Ex6anve Pesins" Moscow, Vodosnab-zheniye i Sanitarnaya Tekduidka, No 2 1972': pp 13-14 Abstract: A study was carried. out on the purification oil sewage from t,116 production ofC ion exchang-e resins KU-2k H-17 ar/i AN-I~. Principal inpuri- ties in seviage from KU-2 aro dichloroathano and sulfo-acids. Se'Jage fron I.V-17 and AN-18 contains rae-thanol, benzone andLvarious apdn,-,~. 02011i:7_ntlon. ohlori- nation and absorption viethads proved to bQ irtaduquato ror I)vr- pose-, A very aucce~sful Jq0thael:was ba!%4- 01~ 'u-Icinoration, Pat-,oing sc'WaGe h a t~" aturo v '(U~ -age co not bo throug ..par. one of 900_10000C.~ Since j -2 !ipv uld -ds the purifiod by biological oxidation (dichloroetlvine is toxic 16 ow a z M J_ r. r o - organi3ms)# it had to be distilled ~ fir st throw1h a colL,,fi,in with 18 theoretical plates, The distillate collected~ the dichloroethane, ~ai.-4 tho residue could then be purified biologically. nt the anions AV-17 and AN-18 could be purified ky biological oxidation, using a two stage~aeratian. 75 W USSR UM. 536.248.2+536.483 MIEV, I P VDIO-KnI Ya. G. SHMOSUNDIMIJ OnoOKRUI V. V. NIS V. A.P "Influence of Pressure on Bubble Boiling Crisis of Helium-1 in Vertical Moscvd, Doklady Nauk SSSR, :Vol 206, No 5, 1972, 'Op 1,090-1,092. Abstract: The purpose of this work, was to determine the first critical heat flux for helitua. boilina in vertical channels. imder conditions of natural circulation and on the surface of a vertical cylinder ir. a large volume at other than atmospheric pressures, Duriha each experinent, the heat flux was increased until the wail temperature-began to rise sharply., The heat flux corresDondincy to this moment was taken as the critical. heat flux. The author's found that the first critical heat flux in liquid helium de- pends on vapor content and flOW rate, and also, on the ratio of absolute dimensions of the channel within the limits V< L/d < 15, and suggests an equation for the calculation of at distance x from the entry to a verti- cr cal channel at atmospheric pressure. When the pressure Ls other than atmos- pheric, the factors above raust be supplemented by the density of helium vapor and heat of evaporation at the prcsqure used. A forinila is preseited T."hich ss at various pressures.. Fxpcr1r,*0a,,0 anl calculated can describe the proce data agree satisfactorily. m-1/2 042 0, PROCESSING DATE--30OCT70 'TITLE--KINETICS CF THE THERMAL UECOMPOSITION OF DINITROXYDIETHYL141TRAMINE JN THE ABSENCE OF GAS EXHAUST FROM TH~ REACTION' ZONE -U- ~,,AUTHOR-(04)-sAmr_,YLENKOt N.G., VINOKUROVv A-.Ait A6kAl4UVv Y.G., MERZHNGV# A.G. '~,f.OUNTRY OF INFO--USSR FIZ*~ KHIM. 1970t 44( 111. 39-421, ,.:7-DATE PUSL ISHED----- 70 ~~;.SUBJECT AREAS--CHEMISTRY9 PROPULSION AND FUELs TOP I C TAGS--THEP%,%IAL DECOMPOSITIONY EXHAUST.; GA.Ss 0,PGAN.IC NITRO COMPOUNDI NETICS, ACTIVATIOWENERGYtlAMINE CHEMICAL REACTION K 1, NTROL !AARKING--NO RESTkICTIONS -DOCUMENT CLASS--UNCLASSIFIF- STEP NO--UR/.007fi/70/044/i)0110039/0,9!f2 _"PAOXY REEL/FRAME--1995/1406 -C I RC. ACCESSION NO--AP0116853 UtNCLASS 1 F [ED fill URN 042 ~o -30OCT70 UNCL SSIFIEDIV. I _CES(~ ING DATE ':_':cjRc ACCE-SSIO14 NO--AP0116853 ..A-5STRAGT/EXTRACT--(U) GP-0- ABSTRACT. A.. CALORIMETRIC METHOD IS DESCP1BED -FOR. DUN. OF KINETICS OF THE THER14AL DECOMPN. OF DINITROXYD I ETHYLN I TRAM I NE WHEN REACTIO14 PRODUCTS Aitr: N-JT BEING a c- j"I o v E D ~FROM THE REACTION ZON"'. THE PPODUCTS AC I~NCREAkSING T AUTOCATALYTICALLY, THE REACTION RATE 13Y A FACTOR OF 100,AND DECRCIASIN~; THE ACTLVATICN __~'-ENERGY OF DECOMPN. 1EAT OF REACTION FROM 45 TO 32 KCAL-MOLE' THE 1- MCREASED -1.5 TIMES 1.14 C0MPARISOW:WITH-;:THAT. OBTAINI~40 I ~N Ai%i L3PEr-1 SYSrEm. T IM EDEPENDENCE OF HEAT EVOLUTION SHOWS TWO MAX. FACILITY: ALI USSR. .__'INST.~KHIM. FIZat CHERNOGOLOVK UNC L AS S I F I E 0 USSR UDC 534.222.2 Kb VMV, YE. 11. If IRONOV V. D.~ TREMOV, YE. S. "Study of Oscillatory Relaxation of Carbon Monoxide" V sb. 3-y Vses. simpozium. po goreniyu i vzryvu, 1971 (Third All-11nion SymposiLra on Comnbustion and Yxplosion, 1971-collection of works), Cheenogolovka, 1971, pp 282-234 (from M-Ilekhaniha, No 11, "Nov 7,1, Abstract No IIJPG123) Translation: The distribution of the-density p in, the relaxation zone of a shock wave and the Lime -1 of oscill:atory relaxation, of W in the 2,200-3,500'K teriperature range are f ound by measuring the radiation .1ilLensity of Lhe valc!nce band of the CO molecule (wavelength~4.76 microns). The dependence of T on T is described by the formula -1/3 pT exp(194T -10.7)(1- exp(I 3U80'/T)} microseconds-at 11) The existing divergence of the values of 'T found fram them data of other authors authGrs is possibly connectet-I with the faact that, in~cvntrast to, (1), the other the result of avera&in- Tover the relaxation uir~e. represent USSR UDC 621.375.82 SHERSTOBITOV, V. YE., V, G. N. "Properties of Unstable Resonators~with a Large Equivalent Fresnel Number" V sb. Kvant. elektronika (Quantum Electronics--collection of works), No 3, Moscow, Soviet Radio, 1972, pq 36-44 (from'RZh-Fizika, No 12,.Dec 72, Abstract No 12D909) Translation: Results are presented from numerical calculations of modes in unstable resonators. It is demonstrated that-insi~,,nificant siaoothing of the edge:of the mirrors leads to significant improvement of the selected proper- ties of the resonator. The conclusion is Arawn that in ~,pite~of the predic- tions of the theorv of unstable resonators with a sharp mJrror edge, real re- sonators with a large equivalent Fresnel. nuiftber must insure oscillation in the I-ower transverse mode described by.the,geometric approximation. The biblio- graphy has 14 entries. USSR urc 629.78.015.4 _VIMWRGV, L. P. and GERINSHMIT, V R "Detern-dnation of Critical Load for a Central Compre5sed 3,3oll for Calculation of Strain Nonlinearity" Samoletostr. i Telch. Vozd. Flota--Nauchn.-Tekhn. Sb. (Aircraft" Corstruction and Air Fleet Technology-Sclentific and'.Technical Collection of Works), No 30, ~1973,: PP 54-58 (from Re-lerativnrj zhurnsi-Relcetostroyeniye, No 5,, May 73, Abstract NO 5.41.207 by the authors)- Abstract: A method ir, proved emd proposed. for calculating the strain nonline-ar- ity,, associated with the introduction of a nonlInear dq;ree of strain, aur!Cested by Sveynger and Kerber for tensionland developed by the, authorr, for other types of strain. Eauations- for detexrAning the critical load of a central compressed rod are solved by the proposed "inverse'( method vhich. c6ns.ists of finding a -load according to an assipmed nagnitude of displacement.~ 2 figures) 1 table. USSR UDC 66-q,'71172115.018.9.4 BABICREV, B. I., RYAZHSKAYA,, T. K. "Influence of Heating Following HomogeniZation on Proporties of Ingots of A1-'Mg-Zn System Alloy" Metallurgiya [Metallurgy -- Collection of lforks],~No 14, Leningrad, Sudo- stroyeniye Press, 1971, pp 52-54, (Translated from Referativnyy Zhurnal, G235 by the autho-r Yietallurgiya, No 5, 1972, xkbstract~No 5 Translation: The influence of modes of homogcnization and hivating for -rollinp on mechanical properties and mjcyQcjtj*jjCtUTO of.ingots fif the Al-Mg-Zii alloy system are studied with a ratio Mg/Zn - 2. tfiiie before and other rolling at 410' fro-a ) to 10 hmirs results, -in separatioa~of chromium refractory phases within the grains of the soll A solution- I 1-igure; I Table; 2 Biblio. Refs. USSR UPC 669. ZY XIIENEV, V. S., KOPYTOV, TSABPOV N. D VINOKUPXX~:_~!..4 1). IEN 0, A. 'M., PE G. A., VOL'KHEN1,01t. D., BE.NNSHTEYb1$ G, 'G. ratina a Vacuum ~Mxerf' Experiment in Ope Te:khnol. legkikh solavov. Nauchno-tekhn. byul VILSa (Light Alloy Te-ch-nology. Scientific and Technical Bulletin of the VILS),J970, No 5,1 pp 26-31 (from RM-Metallurgiya, 'No 4, Apr 71, Abstract No 4G206J Translation-. Me application of a vacuum mixer for evacuating liquid alloyr based on alumintmi is expedient an,-' has a,nurnber o' advantages over the i earlier: the 0-as Gaturattion of 'the r~etaljs reduced ap reciably; mthadr used P 0-- teclanolorical plasticity of the in,-.,ots Ir the incroued, an ivcreaue In ca6ting rate by 10-15~ is passible~ and;the nwber 6 defects during ultra- conic control of tha prod-ucts is reduced qbbj:~ply~ The schematic of the iidzer and its operation are described., There arc,4~illustratlons'-xd 1 table. 27 UNC ~ ASSI 112 044 L 0 rv) ROCF~SSING DATE-027OCT70 1~12 TITLE-PP~0PEfzTIES AND USE 51F AN ALUMINUM P1 DEGASSED 1-4 AN 114IRT TITL ATMOSPHERE _u_ P _XUThk';k-(0'5).-LITVINTSEVj A.I., TSA'6ROV, N.D. VINGK URJV N. TITOV, V.14., ~BUR.ZUNC'V A. A. c bV.N T R Y -OF INFO-USSR 1URC;:--TSV,ETt METAL. 1970t 4312)v 62-4 ,A)ATE PUhLISHED----70 -A?F-AS-MATERIALS, i IND.9 CIVIL AND MARINE ENGR ui3jEcr MECH. TOP I C TAG S--AL UfAll NUM POWDER I P04DER VIETAL 'PRODUCTION, PO'k)ER METAL '~-.',.~PK2PEKT:Yp: METAL DEGASSINGt INERT GAS,.,INOUSTRIAL FURNAGE-i 49T :k0ILLINS7 C 0 L D P 0 L 1. 1 N G, DUCTILITY, HEA.Tl AES:ISTANCE c, ri.14 T R 0 LPAi~K I NG--INO RE STR T C T I ON$ P*3XY, REELIFkAME--1989/1919 STEP NO--UR/0136/70/043/002/0062/0064 C_ 1.9 CA C C S S I DN NO-AP0108248 UNCLASSIFIED 212 044 UNCLASSIFtED PROCESSING 04TE--020CT70 CIRC ACCESSIJIN NO--AP01032q8 ~_,A3STRACT/k-XTRACT-W) GP-0- ABSTRACf. THE- HIGH TEMP. -DEGASSINCY OF LARGE ViOLS. OF AL, POWDERS ON INDUSTqIAL *SETUP WAS TESTED. JP T:) 1600 KG OF AL POWDER WAS PURED INTO THE USEFUL VOL.:'OF THIS SEfUP, WHICH WAS THEN PLACED INTO A COLD FURNACEP WHEREUPON AN AR ATM. WAS INTR9DUCED. THE :TEMP. WAS INEASURED AT THE UPPER, MIDOLEV ANO LOWER PORTION5 OF THE DEGASSING CONTAINER. A 4TH THERMOCOUPLE WAS PLAGED INSIDE THE CONTAINER. THE TEMP. DROP BETWEEN THE. UPPER AND THE LOWER ZONIES WAS SIMILAR TO 50DEGREES. THE RESULTS OF THE GAS ANAL. INDICATE THAT THE L GAS CONTENT.OF THE AL POWDER IS DETD. BY THE TOTAL CONTENT OF THE FRAGMENTS OF THE HYDROXY BOU.NDARIES IN~CONGLUMERATES OF CLUMPED -PARTICLES. THE EFFECTIVENESS OF'.THE DE,'OASSING '14A.$ THEN STUmEo IN ORDER TO BE ABLE TO EMPLOY THE POWDER IN THE PRODUCTION,oF SEMIFINISHED PRODUCTS. BASEO-ON- THE RESULTS OF- THE MECH.- PROPERTIES-MEASUREMENTS IT CAN BE SEEN:THAT HOT ROLLED,STRIPS ACQUIRE INCREASED PLASTICITY, WHEREAS THE COLO ROLLED STRIPS ARE STABLE.RELATIYE TO THE STRENGTHj PLASTICITY, AND HEAT RE51STANCE. UNCLASSIFIE0 'USSR UD Q 681.327.45'18(02) VINOKUROV, P. S. "Pollators: RPM80-2M, RPH80-2MS, SE80-3" Mashiny raskladochno-podbor6chnyye i sortiroval'nyye (RMP80-al' RPM80-alS, SE80-3) (cf. English above), Moscow, "Statistika,", 1972, 248 pp, ill., 1 r., .23 k (from RM-Avtomatika, Telemekhanika i vychislitel'naya.tekhnika, No 11, Nov 72, Abstract No 11B345 K) Translation: The book consists of three' i)arts. I. On certain aspects of automation: relay circuits and their ele;ants. Il. Methods for testing and adjusting the operation of RPM80-al and RPM80-2MS collators: general informa- tion on collators; testing and operation; testing and adjusting the operation of the device for supplying and carrying punched cards; testing and adjusting the operation of recognition andcontrol units. Ill. Meth- -ods of testing and adjusting the SE80-3 collator: general information on the machine; startup and operating principles* of the machine in digital sorting; operating principles of the control and card selection unit; operating prin- ciples of the alphabetical sorting unit; testing and adjustment of the func- tional elements of. the SE80-3 machine. The book is intended for use in training personnel in servicing the machines-I. Sh. 1/f USSIR UDC: 621.,1791-052:539-4"974 VJNUITRo-V.----V. A., Professor, Doctor of TechnicaI Scionf,*es .11computing the Durability of Welding".Alloys.0perating at Low Tem- peratures" Moscow, Vestnik mashinostroZeniya, No -25 11, 1970, pp 21 Abstract: One of the chief requirements of weldine alloys and low- car5on, ow-alloy steels under l6w-temperature.conditions is re- sistance to destructive effects. This article considers a general Methodological approach to the problem of studying such effect:3 in welded. joints using stretchable joints with non-fliioion i's an e.T- ample. Eight factors affecting, ther avea,age deforimalian of the weak joint cross section arc., listed. . -Since the theory. of plasti- -o blein'.6f resis`nr, d.e- city can as yet offer a solution for thi3,pi Btructive effects in only the simplest-cases, the~authOr proposes an approximalUe experimental-theoretical method for deterraining the plasticity limit in the cross section, some practical We2dUg USSR VIHOKUR Ovt V. As "Annealing Welded Structures for.Reducing Stress" Moscow, Otpusk Svarnykh Konstryktsiyllya Snizbeniya napryazheniy, Mashino- stroyeniyei 1973, 213 PP Translation of IntrodIuction: The process of lielding.6xerts a complicated effect on the r4~tal of a structure, A34 result '~f recrystallizatio'n of the metal during beating and subsequent rapid.cooling, tpmperiaw structures are formed. Because of the nonuniform heating:and cooling, plastic deformations axe -- generat.ed which take place in the eltXre range of.temperatures, from T room to There occurs cold hardening.of the metal and Jln combination with temperatures of 200-2500 C, its aging. As a conseque.nce of these procez;ses we see an increase in hardness and reduced ductility and plasticity of the metal. Significant permanent stresses are formed which usua:Uy reach y.-Leld stress, In the welding ef. large parts and their subsequent coolingr high triaxial permanent stresses arise, Analogous phenomena,are generat%ed during the heat treatment of large forgings and,castings as well as monolithic 1/13 r REP PH ON, "N , MIR "Iff USSR VINOKUROV, V. A., Ot-Dusk Sva=ykh Konstrukt.siy Ilya Mhizheniya napryazheniy, Mashinos:troyeniypj 1973, 213 pp. welded billets. The nece:izity of reducing.the highs permanent stresses causes -us to use annealing of structuresp.whic',i.s-practi.ealiy, the.only may of 'decreasing the internAl stresseb In larvae'., parts.- Heat tz~eatment.of welded structures after welding, including heating to temperaturos~ro higher than the temperature corresponding td the poln..t..Afan& to t.he holding time, is' called annealing of welded structures. Aectording to the term1nology used in physical metallurgy, this heat.treatment ma~ be exa.-Uned as annealing if we axe aspeakJng about the effect on the~quenched-segxsnts of the-metal or as annealin- of the first kind if we are concerned with the reduction of the ..metal to a more balarced'state after.plastic.deformatiGn (cold.working) or the removal of natural strezsesq The Individuml alglealing of quenching structures on the one band and the.-recrystallization annealing and annealing to rem9ye stresses on the other hand In.welded-structux-as is difficult and is in no way necessary. Therefore in.the-future by* of the metal during annealing-we shall meawbotb the processes of annealing the quenching structures and chan 's in-the-cold-deforud metal, Depending 72 - USSR VINOKUROV, V, A., Otpush Svarnykh Konstriktsiy 11ya,Sbizheniya napryazheniy, Mashinostroyeniye, 1973, 213 pp an the teaparature, the annealing may~be~jow (to 300 0 C), average (300-4000C), and high (400-6500 C arid higher).. Change in the properties of the quenched carbon steel during annealing depends-on the annealimg, temperature and the holding time. During low annealing the hardness is~reduaeed-very little but the brittleness is reduced. A 'fter quenching and bigh anneiaing the steel ~assumes a high ductility and plasticity with sipift mt M~.ass. The completelness,of carrying out the processes,',of change:1n the propertiea of the quenched metal after. annealing.depends on Its.duration. The initial period is characterizect by the greatest'change In the properties. A. P. Gulyayev generalized the recommendations.onidetermining the~properties of juenched carbon steel after annealing (47)s of haxdness kindependent, of how the hardness Vas prod!acedp by lengthy holding time or by annealing temperauze) are represented Irl.fully edetermined values of ts and ..~A zubsta4tial influence is G'v- D 0( it - exerted by.the annealing on the properties of steals which have undergone cold deformation or deformation aging. In carbon weldable steels the plasti- city may be increased by annealing to the~original level corresponding to the 3/13 USSR VIKOKUROV# V. A., Otpusk Sva=ykh Konstriktaiy Ilya qbiobeniya napryazheniy, Hashinostroyenlye, 1973, 213 -pp state of the hot-rolled metal.- In several brands of ~Llloyed steel during annealing -fo determined temperatures, the -Impact strengUl is reduced. An irreversible aanealing brittleness ap ears-at amannealing temperature near 0 ~p .300, C. An irreversible brittleness,'is4enerated during slow cooling at temperatures of 500-650' C.~ Repeated.,heating up to th-ose temperatures and rapid cooling allows the brittleness to be removed. Chrome-nickel and chrome-manganese steals were subjected to reversible~tmlttlenesB.. In the carbon steels the annealing-brittlen~ssAoes not avipm6a:c distinctly. If -significant achieveipents*axe reached in the investigation of the pirocesses of change In the properties of metals during annealing, then this can never be said with respect to 5tudying the relaxation of strOssesi Research work on reducing stresses during'the annealing~.of welded st=ctures is mainly experimental- and does not answer the question as to hos(Ahe;roduction of stresses depends on the initial field~of~atresses and Shape of the part. Specific results obtained on individual objects do not permit establishing any law or. the basis of which we could denote:the necesr..-,ary duration of winealing in different eazes, The practice'of denoting.-aanealing conditions 4/1 3 USSR VIKOKUROV, V. A., Otpusk Svaxmykh Ynostriktsiy Ilya Shizheniya napryazheniy, PAshinostroyeniye, 1973, 213 Pp based on the investigations in the field of-physical.metallurgy, on experience and.traditions of plantsp was transfer=d to the ffeld~d structures. High annealing is an effective means of. reducing. the, permuent ztresses in all points of the welded stru--ture, which advantageously.~distlrguishes It from the other methods of reducing stresses:for.which change,in stresses has a non- -uniform,character and'is acconpanied by additioruil. z*lastic deformation of the metal, There are numerous results-of tests for creitD of metals at temperatures co-rTesponding to the.annealing temparatutes. However, these tests were conducted under conditions of constant temperattwd in the course of hundreds and thousands of hours. The initial:segment of'non-eteady- -state creep was usually not registered 1; therefore, - as a rule it Is impossible to use these results. Furthermore, during annealing the reudetion of stresses takes place to a significant degrea at the stage of heating, that is, the process of stress reUxation is,accomplished not at a constant temperature but at a variable one. Annealing may be,divided into -,I'everal stagges (Fig. I)i eati h -1 ng 1, balancin,3 of temperature both 4n length and In cross section of the part II# holding time 111, azd tooling IV# Each ofthe annealing stages has its own features. Let us mention the,zajor ones. In the process o.L beating in large parts there.ari ses. a difference in temperatures by cross 5113 USSR VIKOKUROV, V. A. Otpuspevaraykh Konstrlktriy Ilya7Sbi2beniya napryasheniy, Whinoatroyeniye, 19?3 213 PP seetiont in the depth of the ~metal- the, Umperattire Is lower than the Tinside surface Tiurf.,,,The difference in. temperatures deptnds on the rate and condi-- tions of beating. Much of the~zpeIpial liteiature (130) has been devoted, to questions of heating'parts and1balancing of tenperatures in them. -Certain data are given in Chapter Five which are. necessax-j fetia justified detexmina- tion of the time for :balancing the teaperatures. The duration of holding tive must begin as a function of- the nec:erasary. fullness of - 'ocurrence of these of other processes, one of the,redue.tion of stzesse4, which this mono ph is basically concerned with. The: ptage. of pooling -gral., T L71 -A T& 'T~a 3. 6/ 13 74 USSR V-INOKUROV, V. A, Otpusk Svarnykh Konstriktsly Ilya,Shi2haniya napryasheniy, ftshinostmyenlye, 1973, 213 PP Figure 1. Basic Stages of Annealingi. T, is the.temperature in the furnace; furn T is the temperature-on-the surfa6e-of~the partj is,the temperature surf Tinside Inside the part. Tfurn Tinside Tiurf* As characterized by the rate of change in temperature,which Influences the propertles~of the metal and theformatior of additional permanent stresses. They are formed at high rates of cooling of large parts when a temperatures difference arises between the surface. and. the deep lay4ixe, ithIch In turn leads to the formation of temporary stre~ssesk If the.iomporary atressoo axe found to be so significant thatplastic def., mtion taes place, then after complete cooling of the structure additional pormanent.etreases appear in it. Therefore, the rate of cooling of large parts Is lWtpd although in certain instancos this is negatively expr-es,ised in the, propertio-of the metal. USSR VINOXUROVO V. A., Otpusk Sva=ykh Yonstriktsiy Ilya Shizheniya napryarhenly, Hashinostroyeniye, 1973, 213 pp High annealing sometimes is used as a method,of removing displacements which arise in the structures after.weldin -creating elastic:and plastic By -part is given a*shaP3, by'.Attachin- It In deformations, after weldirLSp.the 0 a rigid adaptor.and then subjecting-itto.annea!Jnj~,. along with.the adaptor.. Due to the piacesses of creep the listic deformations~are conve:~ted into plastic ones; After annealing the part retains.tha:t,shape which it had, being. attached in the adaptor. A brief _--'urVery. of' the, features-of anAealing(a-rid the p)~ocesses- taking place inthe-metal shows that the main ones aret a) change in the properties of the.metal and (b) the permanent ssi at esses. In certain instances.the basic role is az gned to,chanee in the properties -of the metal, but of ten as the decisive factor - we hav e the level of the permanent stresses.. It, is'obvious that In each, ~. spec:Lfic case the o nditions of annealing must being as, a function of the completeness of -carrying c out the basic process or both process of-directlyi- The purobse-of this book is to discuss the laws of relaxation of natural zitreaeas-duilng annealing on the basis of a computational: method of determining ral;umtion -of stresses tased on the Dremises of the theory. of elesticitys plas~lclty and creep. 8/13 75 r~USSR USSR VIKOKUROV, V. A., Otpusk Svarnykh Konstriktsiy,IIya-ShizheUiya napryasheniy, Yashizistroyen-4ye, 1973, 213 pp The results of the investigations permit us to recommend rational conditions as helping in a of-annealing, show ways of reducing its duration, as.well number of cases to justify not &oing it in general. The obtained ata on relaxation of permenent stresses are valid.not only for welded etructures but also for parts subjected to.annealing for removal of stresses after quenching or normalization. Change.inthe properties of tIB metal during annealing has not been exaninediin detail since this question has been discussed sufficiently in the opecialiliterature (47)i:' Thelbook has been written mainly from materials of the author's..investigrations as well as references to many works of other Investigators.- A significan't part of the experimental data was obtained in collal4ratior, with Candidate of Tech- nical Sciences V. V. Nikolayev at ihe Department of Welding of the Eoscow Higber Technical School imeni N. E, Bauman.,-Several inyestiffations on~full- scale parts were done at the NovokramatorskFAchine Construction Plant Imeni Lenin. 9/113 USSR VINOWROV, V. A.-, (Apu-1h Sva=ykh Konstriktsiy Ilya Alhizhenlya napryasheniy, Mashinostroyeni~e, 1973,.213 ~p: CONTENTS Page Conventional Symbcls-.,,,. 'Introdu:ction.... Chapter-One. Influence of the Process of Welding and Perm- anent Stresses on the Quality of Welded Strxic:tures ...... 10 Influence on Precision an&Stabilit of Dimensions 10 y Influence an Strength,,*,,," 17 Chapter TKo. Influence of Annealing' on-the Prooerties of Welded Structuress*4640.0*0400*004004 ..... 101j3 76- TJSSR VINOKMOV, V. A., Otpusk Svarnykh Konstriktsiy Ilya Bbizhentya napryasheniy, Hashinostroyenlye, 1973, 213 pp Designation 27 Ty p e s o f A n n e a ling 3 0 Reduction of Permanent'Stresses,sts,, ... 35 Change in the Properties of-a Metal and-Strength of Structural Element so '0.0.1 42 Chapter Three. Investigation of,,Stress Relaxatiqn......... Processes Influencing Change in Stresses .......... 52 Methods and Facilities for,Investig4ting.Stiess Relaxation. 57 Stress Relaxation in Different Sta&s...i...... ... 65 Laws of Stress Pelaxatioh~ 84 Chapter Four. Computational Method of Determining Stresses During 100 USSR VIKOKMOV, V. A. Otpu3k Svarnykb Konstritksly Ilya Shizheniya napryasheniy, Mash nostroyeniye, 1973# 213.pp Basic Premises-of the.Computational method.tosewoo 101 Computation of Stresses ~in Plates.......,*$ .... *%.~ 114 Spatial Determination-of Sresses,6 ...... 121 Computation of Stresses ~in Annular Pipe Connect- ions.. ....... ......... 130 Computation of Constant Deformations.. 133 Comparison of Computed Permanent Stresses With Experimental Onet-After Ah.nea.ltng;, 135 Chapter Five. Rat'lonal Utilization. of'Anneallng f6r Wel- ded Structures ... ...... ..... 154 Welded Structures Requiring Anneali.Tigi... ..... 154 Resultsof lnvestigaitidns~,6n Rbduciug'stresses During Annealing- ............... i ...... 167 Permanent Stresses ~f't'e"r"A`novoeoaoling in~~Joints With Different Types of Metals 6 a a 4 V d i0 a 0 4 a a a sees. ~179 12 77 USSR VINOKUROV V G DIMITRIYEV, Yu. K., YEVREINOV, E. V., KOSTELYAINSKIY, V. M., rX INOVA, G. M., MIRENKOV, N. N., REZANOV,,,V. V., KHOROSHEVSKIY, V. G. "A Homogeneous Computer System of Minicomputers" Vychisl. Sistemy [Computer Systems~-- Collection of.Works], No 51, Novosibirsk, 1972, pp 127-145 (Translated from Referativnyy Zhurnal Kibernotika, No 6, 1973, Abstract No 6V600, by the authors). 'Translation: The expediency is demonstrated of constructing homogeneous com- puter systems (IICS) of minicomputers. A two-dimensional computer system, the MINIMAKS is described. The.elementary machines of this.system are based on AS17-M modules. The composition of typj~cal HCS software is presented., 20 biblio. refs. USSR VINOKUROV, V. G., ZASTELA, V. V... KOSTELYINISKIY, V. M, NOV00ATIN11Y, A. A. A'Use of Minicomputers as Centers for Processing of Data of:Remote Automatic Queueing Systems", 'ystems Collection of Works],No S1, Novosibirsk, Vychisl- Sistemy [Computer S 1972, pp 146-156 (Translated from Referativnyy Zhurnal Kibernetika, No 6, 1973, Abstract No 6V601,.by the authors).~,~ Translation: Methodi of utilization of minicomputers in remote automatic queueing systems (RAQS) are stWied. , The,'. range of - job-, perf orm~,d by these'. ~systems is defined. nic expediency is de' onstrated of using minicomputers at various levels of RAQS hierarchy, including at the level of the data process- ing center. In the last case, the data processing center usus a system of mini-computers in place of one or a few 1~rge, computers.', The structure of the data processing center of an airline ticket 'reservation system is presonted. 1/1 75 Pharmacology and1oxicology USSR WC 612.018:5471. 1561 '577-23 b0 VD0WIQY _A., and PIDEVICd, I. N., Lh ratory of Organic Synthesis and '=ratory of Pharma- cology of the, Cardiovascular Systen,,Institute of Pharma- ''Cology', Academy of Hedical Sciences USSR' Moscow "The Energy of the Highest Filled Molecular Orbit andAiitiseriotonin Activity of`~Certain Drugsu Moscow, Byalleten Eksperimentalmy Biologii i Keditsiny., Vol 71, No 2. Feb 71, PP, 51-54 Abstract: The energy coefficients K. which serve-as a measure of elecrron- donor properties, of the outer fill ecular orbits or ea rro 1 sevxal serotonin antagonist were caiculated by the simplified atc?el theomy with LCItO approyi- mation. The lower tne Ki value, the highar~the electroni-donor activity of chemical compoua=s. 1"t hand been proposed that serotonin ~ and its antagonists form charge-transfer complexes with tissue receptors. which is of significance for their pha=acologica-I effect. A numbe.- of ~ rew indols. derivatives with D-, M-, and T-antiserotonin activity were included in thins stwiy. cypro- haptadine 0.327), dialkylindoles (Xi 0 5-0.--:3), ar-d thiopyranoirdole -derivxtives (Ki = 0.091, O.Or-7). No ~ lat a H re tionship betwe m D-, and T- anti- serotonin activity and the K;L-values of the individual coi.),tpound.s was found. 212 OZ7 UNCLASSIFIED PROCESSING'DATE-18SEP70 ~CIRC ACCESSION NO--AP0104508 'ABSTRACTIEXTRACT-4U) GP-0- ABSTRACT. 1R SPECTRA IN C14CL SUa3 OR IN CRYST'* STATE.t UV SPECTRA !N H SU82~0,: MEOH, OR CONCO. HCL, AND EPR SPECTRA IN ME SURZ SO OR IN 3.1 o Sue2 b-D SU82 SO SUB4 WERE RECOROEO OF ~ANTIPYRINE ANALOGS (1, 11). IONIZATItWCONSTS, (PK SUBA) IN WATER 14ERE MEASURED FOR (1, 11, R PRI-MEL EQUALS Pfir R PRIME.Z EQUALS ME) IR PRIME 3, R PKIME5, X AND PK SUBA GIVEN): Hv- -*~O, 2.42; -t Ov I ~ lit Ov 2-40; MEt 2-85;~ ME, -1 S, 2.49;, MEv ---:p SE.t''2.64,;',MC-' -t NHF~. t0.41; MEt NH? 10,6; ME, 2.29; ME, SE..2*421 -v ME-#Av 2.49*~ UNCLASSIFIED,. UDC 681.3 USSR BELOV, A. F., NIKOLAYEV, G. N. De-jice for Storing Stationary Electric Signal$" USSR Author's Certificate 11o 310253, filed 22 Jul 69, published 1 Oct 71 (from RZh,--.wAvtomatika, TelemeVhmika i yychislitcl'naya. teklinika. No 4, Apr 72, Abstract 'No W28P) TrabsIation: - Adevice proposed for storing stationa* electric SiG-nals-con- tains a storage unit, a number-r6gister' an address re,,,,,ister, a coding unite aProgmmming un:,..t, agenerator, and an,output unit. 11~ere is, I illustration. USSR UDC. 541.127 938-,-k 661V 718. 1 BELISK11Y, V. YEE., ANDREYEVA., L S., ALEKSAND11014'A, 10 A. Institute of Org -a ar zical. Chemistry V WROVA. __G, J, ani nd Fhy -ieni r A. Ye. Arbuzov, Acadeiay~of Sciences USSR i IlKinatics of the Eydrolyais of (~-chli~)ropropyi) - pbosphinates" Moscow, Izvest kademii Nauk SSSR, Seri j No 6y iya A ya Mainic Laealraya un 70, ~P 14 13 14 9 Abstract: The kinetics of hydrolysis in water and sodium hydroxide -do-lution of several bis_ (Y-chloroprop-,11)-phosphinic acid esters was studied and compared with corresponding bia-(ohloromethyl)- phosphinates. It was determined that the)(-chlot,oprv~plyl compounds are hydroll7zed faster in water and much slower in alk-a` .ine medJum in comparison to their chloromreth7l counterpartmj~ The ratio of rate.constants for these esters decreasen with an increase in the length and branching of tho alcohol, radi0a]. ejurin,T alkaline hydroly- sis while the opposite is trae.for aqiwoua hydro'ysim. This pheno- Monon agrees with the assumption that.th6 chlorin'ro in'the '~-poaition catalysen intramoleoularly the rsacti6n.with watw** USSR Wo 612.17WI2.59L7.014.426 TOR- a0VA, 1. SHIMOV, A. I., and VIN YU.' PhysioloQr Group, Ac,-Aeny of End-ical Sciences USSR, Pathological P1-5-siologyp LZSR Academy of 14edical Sciences pecific flusculatuxe end Vyoca-X'&iu:m The Functional Relationship between S- of VeRtricles C. Isolated Heaxts :f=m Warmblooded Anir,~Llls After Cooling to -4 Cand -10 C in an Electromagpletie Field!' Floscou, Byulleten' Eksperinental'noy. Biologii I 1-3aditsiny, Vol 71, ANO 31 11ex 711 PP 3-6 Abstracts To study the ability of the heart -to resume 1-ts iiitrinsic after exposure to deleterious factors) 5Z heaIrts isolated frozi rabbits anA white rats were cooled with carbon -dioxide t8 -4h ands -40'C. Durinx: tha 15- 20 nin of exposure to coldt a 50 F-ZP 360-600 orsted PaUpctic field was raintained in the c "a ber with 32 experimental heartzo while no such field was created in the ch-n-iber with the --eraiming 20 control hearts. The organs were-then uarmed to 3&-39 0C with itinger-Lo6lke solution, and electroeaw.Ls az-A, mec.1mraograns were recorded. Alione of the control hearts xestmed beating; tissue death was Drezu;-aably caused by arysta.1lization ol 1-ritz-a- and extra- cellular irater, Five of the 32 experimental hearLs did not survive the test. 1/2 .49- USSR MOW, A. I. , and V-U~OMMOVA I I. YU. , Byulleten I Eksperimental I noy Biologii i - MeditsiUo Vol 71, 1,0 3 , Mar 71, PP 3-6 Rhythmic contractions of the specific mu's'culature (conductive syztem) were observed in nine heartzg while myoeaxalal oontraotiops'of va=Loun dog=es were recorded in 18 hoazts. In the six heax+---Q 'which re*=,erl coini plete activity, the first to recover. srei-e the ~tifo, atria$ then the right ventricle, and.finally the left vantricle. It was concluded. that the symptic connectior betueen the macenaker and the atrip-1 1:1~"Ocam'iun vas relatively most stable, while that between the left~bundle branch and the left ventri- cular myocardium was most suscePtible.1.0. JUXIYO USSR um. 612.172.5.o!4.43 SPIMIOV, A.I. and VZONW-MY-A. I. Y-U., Physiology Group, Academy of ledical Sciences SSSR. Instf-rate 11ormal and Pathological Physiolo&y, Academy of Medical Sciences USSR "Automatism,of the Specific Muscles of the Ventricles in 1solated Dog Heart After Prolonged Cooling to o-40c" Moscow, Bjulleten' Eksperimentallnoy Biologii iVIe-ditsiny, uo 2: 1970, pp 7-9 Abstract: Experiments on isolated dog hearts kept in be cold (0-40C) for 7-10 days.and periodically heated for 2-3 hours showed that thf:t different Portions of the specific muscles vary in functional resistance. hi-tveen the 5th aud '(th days, irreversible fibrillation of the terminal branches of the left stalk of the bundle of his set in, with arrhytbmic contractions of the higher lying branches, and rhythmic contractions of the stem. part. Extinc- tion of the automatism of the specific muscles began in the small branches of the stalk at the apex of the heart, and gradually extended to tbe base. The last manifestation of automatism 'was irreversible fibrillation of the base of the left stalk. Thus, the spc~cific muscles characterized by auto- matiam. exbibit all the forms of muscular-activity: rhy-thmic contraction, arrhythmia, and fibrillation. Acc. Nr: Ref. 'Code: AP0051,943 PRL%fARY SOURCE: Byulletenv E~~pe elfital'.noy Biologii i Meditsirty., 1970, Vol! Nr PP ON THE AUTOMATISM OF SPECIFIC MUSCLES IN Tflr-. VENTRICLES OF AN ISOLATED HEART OF DOGS UNDEIZ A I ONG-TERM 00LING DOWN TO. 0+-V A. L iSml~rjov_ Institute of Normal and Pathological Physiology ~f the A-Mil" f the USS-R,-Mostow A total of 40 tests were carried out on isol9ted hearts or dogs kept at a tmpe- raturle of 0-40 for 7-10 days. Specific muscles in the left His's bundle branch'~were atudied daily after being. heated for 2-3 hours. Observation:s~ were effected throu h an incision in U all of the left ventricle above the interveritticular septum, he W Avith t. e aid of a binocular microscope. ECG, along with electro. andi niechin-tograms of the specific muscles were registered. The latter were shown to displiq the function of auto- matism, :with all forms. of the musculAr activity, Including rhythrrile contractions, arrhyth- e forms, b th i r, toration of the mia and fibrillation. A regular alterantion of thes 0 e5 cardiac function during heating ind in extinctlori of vital. manifestations after leng!hy storage of the oraan were recorded. The last m2hifes!ation of the function of automatism was Irreversible fibrillation of the bundle branch base (7-1 Oth day).: REEL/FRAME JL9820426 ~4 ussrf S. News Press Agency Correspondent "The Brain: Problems and Solutions" Mscow, Leniuskoye Znamya, U sep 71, P 3 Translation: In an interview, prominent Soviet physiologist Academician Petr Anokhin discussed the most important problems in physiology) the progress made by the Soviet echool of physiology,:and the social foundation of man's psychic health. Question: in a recent paper you presented to an audience of scientists, you mentioned a worldwide crisis in the science of physiology. Of what does the crisis consist? Answer: Modern physiology has accumulated an enormous volume of facts. However, it is not the nature of physiology to be.rBrely a storage box of facts: it lacks a theory able to uniia and explain the facts*and to give them a practical meaning. Famous American scientist and 11obel Prize Winner John Eckles once said that about of publications were. of no value for estab- lishing a major theorj. The main objective of physiology is to find a key to generali2ation of separate bits of information* 1/5 USSIN VINOKUROVA, S. Leninskoye 7,namya, 11 Sal-) 71)P3 Qt:;estion: You and your students hdve developed the theory of the func- tional system. What is the essence of this. system:a_proach" to the living organism, and what results has this approach yielded? ..Answer: Before answering your question, I will indulge in a brief his torical digression. Though it is difficult to believe it nowp it was for a long time denied that a living organism could,have organizational principles characteristic of it only as a whole. A ctually, this problem concerned not just biologists. We may recall the very interesting discussion which flared up between Niels Bohr and Albert Einstein. Bohr believed that an integrated approach would reveal to the researcher the individual:propexties of the object under investigation. Einstein, on the.other hand, always tried to present, an empirically found,la-,r as a logical necesnit~. In the '30s, having become convinced in-the futility of all attempts to establishthe concept of a system on a purely theoretical baois, we placed our hopes on experiment. At that time, ve. studied the mechanism by which functions disturbed by surgery vere- restoredt Thus, we discovered that the coqpensation was governed by the whole organism -- a complex:functional sult of its~aativity bring it back to formation able to mzodify-tlhe re the normal state. We called this formation the functiomal -~jstem. Even in the initially formulated statements,,it was pointed out that the system has a dynamic organization and o~' its main key mechanisms is .2/5 73 7. _T- 1, USSR, VIHOKUROVA, S., Leninskoye Znamya, 11 Sep 71: P3 delivery of information on the result attained. Question: In what way does the theory of the functional system aid medicine, particularly in elucidating the:xnechanism of and preventing cardio- vascular diseases? Answer: The main, valtiable effect it has proiuced is a change in the attitudes of millions of physicians. Every-medicall student thorouFhly studies the neuron -- the individual nerve cell. But when be begins clinical work, he is unable to put the separate pieces of infoimation together, and there- fore he does not understand how the vholebrganismzfunctions as a unit. The theory of the functional system --reates a bridge across an abyss extending from exact experiments and investigations,of the separate cells or organs to the whole organism, and it suggests a nev approach to the prevention of dis- eases. This is an uriquestionable step forward taken by Soviet physiology, and I am very pleased that the basic theses of the theory are used as construc- tive factors by western scientists. The theory of the functional system imposes nev tasks on medicine: to eltudy the principles and mechanisms determining the reliability of the living val, and to learn to preserve them. The system and guaranteeing its surri tasks of physiology have also becore someidat different. Its traditional objective was to understand how the organism functions. Nov, to satisfy the 3/5 A=R - VINOKUROVA, S.., Leninskoye Znamya, 11:SeP 71,: P -3 needs of preventive medicine, physiology must answer the question: Why does the.organism remain healthy in spite of the cont-Anuous action of thousands of factors deflecting it from the norm? :This will bring us closer'to the control of the system's stability and will enable us,to develop pieventive medicine on scientific foundations. Thyzio1ogy is now closer to clinical work,than it ever was before. It is intereated in the ~.mechanisms'_.which- adjust the organism;,to new circumstances, nal- stiImsa an c fusion 'aiA to ~to,emotid d on husual agents -- in -the:,rction~ of u., brief, to all the factors which p~ec'ed6 diseases. -Physiology has clearly established.why.utress cauves hypertanepion and therefore it has made it possible to:6earcl! foir methods af_ controlling this process at its very beginning. The brain has its oum "bicepses". Consequently, it a1zo neads "dumb- bells'It lfwpights," and "bars". Let,.T4 give you a clear-cut exwrple. A nev system of teaching in schools is now.being,developeed in the So-riet Unicn. tram:included two arltlur4-tical operations: Formerly, the first grade teaching prob addition and subtractiou. Division,and multiplication we~r6 taught in the second grade. However, sx-pe mltiplicationsi c4n be reduced to,additions. 4/5 74 I Liz 015 UNCLASSIFIED PROCESSiNG DATE-IISEP7~_ ,TITLE--AN EXPERIMENTAL INVESTIGATION OF THIMBLE IONIZATION CHA'45EPSFOP~ ROENTGEN AND GAMMA RADIATION _u_. AUTHOR--ARCH -AKOVI A*A. VINOKUROV IA Z -A LAPCHUK',,, T.V*' COUNTRY 0F INFO--USSR '~SQQRCE_MEDI TS I NSKA.YA RADIULDGIYA, 1970i VOL 15, NR'.3, PP 60-65 ri OAT E PUBLISHED - ----- 70 ECT AREAS--BIOLOGICAL AND MEDICAL'SCI"ENCE~S _0PIC TAGS RADI METE)i X RLY CHAMIBEq,~PLASTIC, -ATION DOSIJ -1 SUREMENT, GAMMA SURVEY METER NTROL MARXING--NO RESTRICTIONt- ~,:~POCUMENT CLASS--UNCLASSIFIED MXY:~. R E E L/FgAMF--1985/1678 140-.-4P0101733 UNCLASSIHED, IWON--, 015 UNCLASSI FI ED. PROCESSING 0ATE--llSEP70 -,.C[RC ACCESSION NO--AP0101733 'ABSTRACT/EXTRACT--(0) GP-0- A8STkACT. THE ARTICLE DEALS WITH THE RPSULTS mg E OF OF EXPERTUSNT-AL INVFSTIGATION or- T414BLE.IDNIZATION CHA EPS I V-3LUNA - 2 CM PRIFF-3) PREPARED FROM DIFFEERENT,PLASTI(;.S. IT I S SHO-WN THAT TliF _~,:..R_ELATION BETWEEN THE SENSITIVIT-Y:OF THE CHAMBERS:~AIND THE QUALITY OF ~RADFATIGN _FS-DETERMINE0 BOTH BX.:THE MATERIAL, FROM WHjrH THE CHAMBER (EXTERNAL ELECTRODEI IS MADE AND THE MATERIAL OF-THE INTERNAL cLLECTRODE. THYS ENABLES TO DECPEASE M4RKEDLY THE ENERGY DEPENDENCE BY SPECIAL 'HOICE OF'THE DESIGN. Sl-,MlUARLYv ONE 'COULD DESIGN INDIVIDUAL Dr3Sl?-,FT;_=lcZS -BASED, ON THE' REDIS~RTBVTION OF THE CHAR-GE ON TWO'~Co_NlcoENSFRS THrcuf;H THE VOLUME, FOR A WIDE RANGF OF EXP0SUR7E 69SE5, WITH A SIGNIFICANT MECHANICAL RESISTANCE. AND 'ENERGY 0EKNOENCE ERROR OF 10PERCENT. THEORETICAL CALrULATTOK OF THE CHARACTERISTICS OF THE CHAMBERS IS-VERY DIFFICULT, IN VIEW OF WHICR WHEN DESIGNING-THE DEVICES CHOICE OF ELEMENTS OF THE DETECTOR M EXPEDIENT TO CARRY OUT ON THE 'AA S I S -OF EXP.ERIMENTAL DATA, UNCLASSIFIED U :3 R U )t":6 1-43+620. 1943 i'idministra"Vion of Gas. 1.1airs YL T Td4skikent- , "Deter-min-incr the Datirer of Corrosion: in Gas Pipes" Irloscow, Stroitel'stvo trub oproyodo No. 10, 1,970, T)n 12-13 r r~c~: T` e r~;s-aits of observations f corro~",ion effec-'*s or, U PiDes iaid in till.e soil of Cantral Asi a ar:_~ discuss,:d in thLs arluicl~_,. The diffk-_,rt~nce in notential bet-icen the pipe -Bind tlla Cround as ,,:ell as -,he rt~sistlvity :of , the soil were mea3ured, rind ef`~-Ctls G-~ corru,-ion o'--, t-IIiEj, Diries -wpre vii-iml,11y obs-,~rved throur~h holcs bo-rcd in z1h.- cround,, S oil art, -wab1c, in d 't,,rmindag va' currosion ciiu,_racte~-~,J_ --ince ihey take -into accoualt the dampness of Soilt of it's salinity, a.-.Cl other relevant iiowever, chni-ractex- is-"cs are no alwnwr de d even ..,,ith p; ndable i senti-ar s ~ :1 a high sait conte.-tu, tao so-1.1 resist.,tace mmy bi: -s-.f..ntial be- Eub it~Vej 4,-t tjj~_: cause o-f-the lo-w moisture 4. Soil 12',ii! article presents 112 USSR VINORURTS Stroiteltstvoltr uboprovodov, No 10, 1970, pp: - - ---- ----- 'Ital obtained V; -a --m tiies.e o b s c- -va t i on scs pd. p ing in Dzlaarkalz, 3jukhara, Samarkand , dnd.Tashlcent.- table is pre- sent~~d g7liv-1m,j, the number of dama&~s aiid the corr~tslon rate, in millimeters -er y,-~ar, correlated v;ith the: soll: resistivity. Photographs of" da.mat;e done by macr6pells are, shown. 2/2 57, USSR UDC: 539.22 LITVIN, D F and UDOVENK00 V .A., Institute of General MetaR ~ band hysics of Meials, Cent'ral Scientific,.Research Institute of Ferrous Metallurgy imeni I, P..,Bardin "Certain Charasteristic Features of Phase Transformations:in Nickel- Manganese Alloys" Sverdlovsk, Fizika metal2ov i metallovid niye, Vol 33, No 1, Jan 72, e e YT-85 Abstract: Neutron diffraction and narrow-angle scattering studies of phase transfoRation in nickel-manganer4e alloys are described. The five alloys involved were of various compositions with 22.7 to 3Blat.% I-In at 4oo- 535*C. All specimens exhibited concentrated lamination. The critical ordering temperature and the comparison of the orderiiig kinetics with that of 1=ination of the allot, of a composiLion close to the stoichioinetry Of "Pn within the testing.temperatures suggests the:.metastable nature of t1he ordered fii,mn phase. Ilietransformation of a hardened solid solu- tion in the process of low-temperature annealing proceeds alorp, two sides, one conforming to Ll -type ordering-and.theothei to theiseDaration of 2 1/2 - . 1. . - - I...--1 ~ - - . , _. .-Ili -_' -'. -1 t., - --_ 7j-7 USSR UDC 669.15-194:669.26 ZIrIGU N-1 S E V, N. V., KOLONTSOV, V. Yu. and MOGUOOV, 11. 1H., Central.Scientific Research Institute.of Ferrous Metallurgy imeni 1. P. Bardin,'Institute of Metal Studies and;Phygics of Metals, Ural Polytechni- cal Institute imeni S. M. Kirov "Stratification in the Martensite of Kh13NlO and Khl3N8Yu Steels" Sverdlovsk, Fizika Metallov i.-Metallovedeniye, Vol 30, No 6, Dec 70, pp 1245- 1249 Abstract: Aging of martensite was investigated in Fe-Cr-Ni steels by measur- ing the electrical resistarLee, thermal:emf, specific.volume, hardness, and low-angle.neutron scattering. The existence of stratification in the in- ve5tigated steels was established. Low temperature aging of the Fe-C.-Ni martensite causes stratification of the solid nolutiDT1. Nickel and aluminum intensify the stratification.process ' aud.strengthenlizig of Khl3NBYu maraging steel is dUP_ to stratification of theTe-7Cr-11i matrix: and the f omation of intermatallic =-pounds. 64 7 ft-~! 7 t T~ z 77-77", _,77' 7777"T~-7 Ref. Code: Acc. Ni:: Abstracftng.: Service.: 51-70 0046699 INTERNATI. AMSPACE*ABST.~ 0 1 T14- f-AM23196 P Nwtron diffraction study cif atom ordering in alloys nickel-chromiu'm (Neitronografichnii doslid2heonia voriadktivannia atorniv u irom) splavAkh nikel'-ki, r --viat" and G. G. Urus hadze (Tsentrat'nyi Nau,chno-lssl-Womya I'skii nslitut Chernol MetqIRI U J ii Mocow. USSR). Ukrainski;'Fizichnii Zhurnal, 9 vol. 1 E~ Jan.,1970,! 0. 132-134, In Ukrainian. The temperatures ol' the. order-disorder transition are detcrmirrgd by. the. neutron diffraction method for the alloys nickekhromium-The ternjierature, depe6dence J.s determined and the ordering kinetics is fn~estiqated on the al!oy:of stold,hiametric 47 composition NiXr, -,Consideiing.the data on kinetics, a conclusion is drawn on. a homogeneous' order ing of atorris in the alloys nickel-chromium. (Author) J, REELORAME 19.782015 USSR UDC 661-18309 54.6-8311776,185 BOYCHINOVA, YE4 3, ,and DENISQW~p If. YE. ~"Effect of Synthesis Conditions on Ion-Exchange Properties of Zirco- nium 'Molybdopho3phatest" d, "hurnal Frikladnoy Khimii,, Vol 43, ;No 8, 'ug 70, pp 1678- 'Leningra 682 re Abstract: The article describes sults of a.~study of the ion-ex- -change properties of zirconium "molybdophosphates-11-as affected by (1) *the anion : zirconium ratio.[ (Mo + P) -., Zr3 in the initial solutions With a constant Mo : P ratio, (2) the 14o : P-ra:rAo:with a constant '(Plo t- P) : Zr ratio in the initial: solution, (.3) the pH value of the precipitation. It was found that the static ~Q::Xchaair_le capaciry of Lhe Specim-ens increases with an increasain the (UP + X Zr ratio. The ith ~he (MO + orimal atati c exchange capacity is 1"ound in specimens w w ~P , : Zr ratio in the initial solution equal to: 10 *** 1. Given a con- start (Mo + P) : Zr ratio the capacity dr-ops 141th'an increase in the molybdate and a decreasl~ ~in the phosphat.e.:; The optimal conditions 1/2 USSR uDc: 621.396. 69: 621. 3 72. 412 AKSHIN, A. I., VINTOTIM21 S. I. TITOV V. I. , TOKAREV, G. A. 'Effect of ionizing Radiation on the Piezoelectric Properties of Quartz Plates" V sb. Radiatsion. fiz,' nenet. krittall6v (Radiation:Phy-sics of Tioni2eetallic Crystals--collection of warks),PUnEk, %auka i.tekhn.1", 1970, pp 220-229 f rom -R ad-i o t,--khni k a ,No 2, Feb 71,:Abstract No 21,463) Trarslation- An. investigation was made of the changq, in Duidamental piezo- electric prov~rties of AT- ard LO-cut . quartz plates: iit room temperature over a broad frequencl range (300 Idlz-10 Mffz) ezmose(l X-radiation (E ~::, 400 kev) , cram-na raE, ation (Co-60) a s tream- of e.74ectra .ns with energies of 0.2-1.0 and 2 INfeV. protops (6.3 MeV) and, alpha pai-t-icles (25 MeV). It is shown that X-rays and gamna, rays: have an identical effect on the one hand, as do electrons of vari ..ous.energies on the other, hand on changing - .106 tne.natural frecuency of VL-cut, quartz~pleves ai; doses of .2 rad. Four illustrations, bibliography of one title. N. K' - - - - - - - - - - - USSR UDC: 538.69:539.124 ARIYA, S. M. , VINTRUFF, V., LUKINYM, N. L. IIEPR Spectra of MnO-MgO, CoO-MgO and Nio-Nigo Solid Solutions" Vestn. Leningr. Un-Ta [Herald of Leningtad University], No 22, 1969, pp 87-91 (translated from Referativnyy Zhurnal Fizika, No 7, 1970, Abstract No 7D574, unsigned) Translation: EPR studies of the solid solutions MnO-MgO (1) CoO-MC70 (11), and NiO-.NlgO (III) of various compositions are performed at room temperature and at liquid nitrogen temperature.: The E-PR spectra of all sbecimens of I consist of a single intensive line with g = 2.0017�0.0005. In the specimen with minimum concentration of 11,1n(MnG.OO9Mgrj.99j0).,.1 hypOrfj.11C . Strk-ture sextet with cGn- stant A = (86�1) c was observed. - The spectra of speciiiiens 11 at 77*K contain only one broad line with g = 4.324�0.002. The spectra: of specimen.,; of III contain one line with g = 2.225�0.001. In T, a coirrell~~Ition was determined between the number of paramagnetic centers and the paramagnetic component of static susceutibility. In the case of II.and III, this correlation liras not observed; this is attributed to the formation in IE and III of aggregates of Co and Ni ators bonded by exchange interaction, le~:dinjy, to a decrease in the :effective number of paramagnetic centers., Studies of,.t,he form of the lines indicate the correctness of the assumption of the formtion of aggregates of Co and Ni atoms in 11 and III respectively.:,. 11P0042363 Ace, Nr.:, Ref. Code:, J. Metbod for Computing'Earths.Ma~nei:ic-,Field !j&aEj (Abstract: "Method for Computing rh4~ Earth's biagnetic'Field Upward In Near-Earth Space," by_4,, V. 1. Pochta nt and X. Sh. Rakhmatulin, _______Leningrad. Division, Instit4te of.Terrestrial Magiw-tism~ Ionosphere and - ffoscoir. GeomagAetizm; i X, NO 1, 19700' PP-119-128) In the compilation of high-altitude maps of the earth's magnetic field,4n near-eartb space the,errors:arising in are accompanied by P,rrors arising dtia,to Inaccuracievin the initial. Twit-erial,. that is, in sea and aaromagnetic measurementai By app.Lication of the theory pf random fields it is demonstrated in this articlg-. that srith an Increase in'iatitude the Lufluence- of errors iii initial mati4rials on the accuracy of 1jigh-level ;mps is substantially, riAu d' A, iYUK T t and Method of Solution of the problem of. Phoneme -by- I'll on eme qllition of Speech Signals". c . Seminar "Avtomat. Raspoznavaniye Slukhov)!.h Obrazov (ARSO VI) 17 Vs 5 Vlohi, i Soobshch. [Sixth All-Union Seminar "Automatic Recognition of AuditOrY Patterns (ARSO VI), Reports Collection: of Works) , Tallin, 197-41, pp 41-48 (Translated from Referativnyy Zhurnal., Kibernetika, No 1, 1973, Abstract No I V914 by the authors)_ Translation: A mathematical model is constructed of speech signals, in Which the standard signals of coherent speech are made up according to ade certain rules from standard signals of phonemes which, in turn, are )m tip according to certain rules from elementary standai-d signals which are parts of phonemes, The rule-s w9led allow various standard signal!i of (_.O;11rtiCuIOtCd coherent speoch to be synthosized, difl~c~ring' in their non- linear rate of pronounciation and nonlinear change of stress, The problem of recognition of an unknown signal consists in synthesis of the most likely standard signal of coherent speech for it and indication of the pf ione mestructurc of the latter. This problem is solved using a new dyna- mic Computer programiaing plan which, in comparison with the ordinary plan, provides a memory savings by a factor of more than 100. 7 Biblio. Refs. USSR T. K. "Phoneme Recognition of Coherent Speech, Part IT. Algorithm for Recognition, Learning and Self-Teaching" Axtomatika [Automation), 1973, No 1, pp 63-72 (Translated from Referativnyy Zhurnal Kibernetika, No 6, 1973, Abst,ract No 6V775,.by the author). Translation: It is demonstrated that the problem of phaneme-by-phoneme recognition of coherent speech (see also Part 1, Avtomatika, 1972, No 6) call in principle be solved using a standard procedure of dynamic prograniming. However, this procedure is practically inapplicable, since it requires a large memory volume. An algorithm is,therefore sugg"nstedi allowing these requirements to be reduced by two orders of magnitude, The algorithni is a computational plan of dynamic programming in which, in addition to the con- cept of the potentially optimal control, the concept of the potentially opti- mal index and recognition 'response area used. I'lie !earning task for phoneme- by-phoneme recognition is formulated as,def~nition of elementary standards (parts of phonemes), of which coherent~ speech is made, according to the length of the learning sample. Learning is,analyzed, depending on whether 1/2 2, USSR VintsyuR, -T. K., Avtomatika, 1973, No 1,,pp, 63-72. the teacher gives wi indication of the sequence of phonemes contained in 'itod that th the learning sample or their number. It is dcmonstr.~ o problein of ca lem of self- teaching, since the teacher does rning is essentially a prob l not indicate the boundaries of phonemes in the.learning sample. An itera- tive self-teaching algorithm with a finite number of- steps is suggested. 2/2 -112 041 UNCLASSIFIEU _~TITLE-EFFECT OF THE MUTUAL 0IFFUSlONZF:ACCEPTOR5 0,14 THE STRUCTURE OF DIFFUSED P N JUNC-TIfJNS IN SILICON CARBIDE -U- 0.3)-VIOLI N, E.YE., KOVANKOt vt KHO.LUIYANOV, G*F. CEUNT RY OF INFO-USSR :--SOURCE-FIL. TEKH. POLUPROV. L970,s .4 L 1:4 ~231 ::~DATE ~:PUBL ISHED--70 SUBJECT AREAS-PHYSICS, !JOPIC TAGS--PN JUNG-flON, SILICON CARBIDE, PHYSICAL:.DIFFUSION, ,SEMICONDUCTOR BAND STRUCTURErIMPURITY LEVELs BOkONt ETCHED CRYSTALv THERMAL EMFV PHOTO EMF CL-N T R G LMARKING-NO RESTRICTICNS CLAS5--UNCLASSIFIED ,WOXY.REELJFRkAME--1987/1993 STEP NO--UR/0449/70/0041001/0231/0231 ~CIRC ACCESSION NO-AP0105067 Wn a! -.-212 041 UNCLASSIFIED PROCESSING DATE--30OCT70 ~CJAC ACCESSION NJ--AP0105067 ABSTRACT/EXTRACT--(U) GP-O- ABSTRACT. THE INFLUENCE 01: REVERSE DIFFUSION OF THE GSIGINAL C014PENSATING ACCEPTOR UN THE STRUCTURE OF P N JUNCTIONS ifAS STUDIED CN 6H, N TYPE SIC CRYSTALS. AN ELONGATED TRANSIT'io~,, REGION OF hIGH RESISTWITY MAY BE PRODUCED WITHIN THE P N JUNCTION STRUCTURE. EXPTL. WCRK WAS CARRIED G OUT ON P N JUNCTIONS PREP0. BY DIFFUSION OF 8 INTC N 0CPED SIC CRYSTALS THAT WERE COMPENSATED DURING GROWTH BY BE. ELECTROLYTIC ETCHING AS WELL AS PHOTOEMF. AND THEANUE14F. MEASUREIMENTS SHQW'A P MINUS P MINUS N STRUCTUREt WHERE P 15 A REGION WITH APPROX. 10 PRIlME7 OHM CM AESISTIVITY. THEP LAYER WIDTH FROM CAPACITANCE MEASUkEMENTS AND FROM ETCH PIT-E.VALUATIU4 15;1-8-2.7 I'Ll IN CRYSTALS OF ~0.5-2 OHM CM RESISTIVITY. THESE VALU~S *AGREE W11TH THE KNOWN DIFFUSION 'COEFFS. OF BE AND 8 IN SIC. FACILITY: LE'INGRAD. ELEKTR TEKH. k) INST. A N. ULlYANGVAt LENINGRADt USSR. I ATE-30OCT7 0 ~.!IPROCESSING 0 q.TITLc_LUbkICATING COATING -U-::-'-~ AUTHOR-(05)-SENTYURIKHINAY L. N., RUBTSOVA. Z.S., PETROVA, L.N.v LUTSEN.K01 UNTRY NFO--USSR C C SOURCE--U*S*S*Ro 2659447 REFEkENCE-OTKRYTIYAr IZOBRETor -PROM.~08RAZTSYr TOVARNYE ZNAKr 1970v DATE PusLISHED-09MAR70 14 SUBJECT AREAS-MATERIALS TOPIC TAGS-CHEMICAL-PATENT, PROTECTIVE COATINGv LUBRICANTv CHEMICAL COMPOSITION, MOLYBDENUM DISULFIDE, SILOXANEt BENZENE DERIVATIVE CONTROL MARKING-NO RESTRICTIONS DOCUMENT CLASS-UNCLASSIFIED PROXY REEL/FRAME-3003/1798 -,STEP 140-UR/0482/70/000/000/00CO/0000 --,CIRC ACCE~'SION NO-AA0130631 UNCLASSI'FIC-0 USSR UDC 517. 9 VIRABYAIN. G. V. "Completeness of a Unified System of Characteristic,Elements of a Finite- Dimensional Operator and I ts, Adjoint".:,. Yerevan, Doklady Akademii Nauk Armyanskoy.SSR, Vol 5-1, No 4, 1970, pp 196- 202 Abstract: A question arises:whtea a set of characteristic elements of an operator Maad its adjoint 3~L*_ together form a complete system. in R"~'. This article is concerned with.this question;V and.cartainl.criteria are given for the.existence of a complete set.,-.of characteristic elements for this operator and its adjoint. Two theorems are posited and proven. Theorem 1.. A set of characteristic elements of an operator71jand its adjoint together form a complete orthonormalIzed system in RN~only if, for a 4ertain orthonormalized base of the spc~ce A"i the trai.wrformation matrix has the form, -1/2 ! F- - I ,fill ~ P, 41M.;MAIN!~j 'AA Wih'-614 W0iii4i"i"N ~4-Aiiiiii I '146 , R --:--r; . - , " 44~ii NH5646 ."I- . 4 " ; ~'. . 1. .. - . . Ref. Code Acc, Nr. Abstracting7Service: A r0049568- CH''EMICAL ABIST. P- 102~72q Effect of.combined -methods of thermamcchardeal treatment on the properties of structural ste*1. iriimkhovskii, _Yu, G-.; Gurevich Y-v B K iin AN' ; Mitin-RTI, Sk. Inst. Vled., CUrn. Met. 1970, 1 14-1 (Russ). The results are given of -duction and I.ab;-doa,zparativeIsludies of the heat pro treatment of steel KhNj*Ni-S (C U2, Cr4.02,'NIi -20,~MoO.70, Si 0.87, AIr. 0.3861-- ~Ac -90') austenitized at WO*andtcmperedat2OO*forIhr, High-and-low(deformation at &50' with 30% redn. in a sil~gjg pass followC4 by ~.67% com- bined redn. in 6 .pa,Ines atIW)~ and stepped heat -treatment (301% redn. at 8500 4in a singde pitis foHowed; bk 3001, ycj6dn. at 760' in a single paii and 30%'iedln. at'b~tb 6M'. and 5W* in 2 'le'strengtb passes) both g4ve_'tor~fa4orab an&~Iasticitk proper- ties than quencNing in Water k6m MO and high- and ldw-temp. heat treatment individ lhe_prsctlcalpos~jbilitics of com- bined heat treatment are discussed.- A. Hardbottle REEL/FRAME 19SU1446 -W 5 1! 111 nintr r-MmR ir~ il. q,"g,".. 1 jJ,1:- Graphite USSR UJDC 661.~666.2.002-3039-431-i Y1 Mk! YR KUROL~fflaN,. YE. I., XAMRCIOIKO V. G. and PEKAL'N,, T. K. Moscow "Dependence of the Strength Properties of Graphite On the Processing Temperature" Kiev, Problemy, Prochnosti, No 11) Nov 73j pp 43-" Abstracti The article deals with the change of some atreng-th properties of three =bon materials in mlation to tho processing temperature, The first two tested materials, GNZ and KPGj are baced on OPS petralreum coke. GIIZ was baked at 13000C, and XPG was unbaked. The third material, ER, is a composition of natural graphite with semicolce, The chaxge compositions of the fint two materials are similar with respect to coaxsenessp but the structural features of KPG, owing to the -twe:of unbakedicoke, predetermined its _hIgher strength characteristics in comparison to GIAIZ. A study was made of the tem-cerature relationshi s, in the region of pr"essing tempej~turxes 0 P of 1300-3000 C, of the strength characteristiess conpre8sion stiength, the modulus of elasticity# and the hardness of carbon materials# and the relation- ship of these characteristics to the crystalline atructure. Decreased values -of the indicated parameters were noted ",the processing temperatures rose, A relationship was established betueen the strength an6the diameter of' the UDC! 546.26-16-2: CIL KlJROll S IM11, 'iT . 1. Yu. S. and CHUR1110", Yu.. S. llchanGes in tit: slilbillicy.-opol-wolty of stxuCtux-a Following Irradiation" Mosecv, I7,vcst_lya- AklaJeDiii nauk SSSRj Eeorr-malclics-laiye, Illat-crinly, Vol 8; No 1.1 1972, PI) 80-8-31 Abstrac-L: T',i--,l stuAly 6c-scribcd here ideals i ri t) i Up. eeflfcct o-~ ir_,ndAa'Uicln condition.-, J1.1yLegrul flav) (I-,,1 botll~ ..wn ana rc- porc area) in IC.'Zl Ulm grap1hitc, up-e-c v.~fre ixr,-~-IiLterj. ir. airt'Phlli; S!"c-el rat tempe~ratures- of' -up to 8W)OC' ard, Up to n/czm2. !,I-u_rrow-,Lnglu- x-ray se4terin.,', Vot, iv:ed. L'; mcafurc Z~ub- micrqpoyozity. 'rin, TY.rosity uf~ the CV, gra-platc ii; clanscd. `-nl-a Ca, f N.Thereby the f.-' mal ar'