Document Type: 
Document Number (FOIA) /ESDN (CREST): 
Release Decision: 
Original Classification: 
Document Page Count: 
Document Creation Date: 
December 20, 2016
Document Release Date: 
April 20, 2007
Sequence Number: 
Case Number: 
Content Type: 
PDF icon CIA-RDP86B00885R000800990019-1.pdf257.67 KB
Approved For Release 2007/ ? Possible Cover-Up to ShieldNazis Is Focus of Renewed U.S. Inquiry, :Conirmted with evidence that key files were tampered with, the Govern- ment has reopened investigations into a possible cover-up involving suspected Nazi war criminals living in America. .Tbe investigations are being con- ducted by the Justice Department and the General Accounting Office. They concern allegations of a conspiracy to protect former Nazis and collaborators who may have been smuggled into the United States by American intelligence agencies for cold war operations against the Russians. . Charges that the American authori- ties mishandled investigations of war criminals date back at least 10 years. But the G.A.O. concluded in 1978 that it could find no evidence of a conspiracy to impede the Inquiries. Nearly 200 cases remain under investigation by a trait of the Justice Department, the Of- flee of Special Investigations. Documents Under Review By RALPH BLUMENI'HAL other former Nazis arrived an cargo planes, after being listed on the waybills as freight. Woe collaborator accused of killings was identified and barred from emi-, grating to America on five separate oc- casions .by American counterinte11i gene agents. Yet with the help of other agents, be finally gained entry to this Vixiftus first made public on the CBS News program "00 Minutes" last Sunday his charges that hundreds of Nazi collaborators were illegally brought into the country after World War II to form an anti-Soviet spy army. Masterminding the efforts, he said, was a highly secret covert operations agency close to the State Department called the Office of Policy Coordination. Mr. Loftus, who has written a book about his findings as a war crimes in- vestigator, provided a draft of the book and documents to Representative Bar- ney Frank, a Massachusetts Democrat on the Immigration Subcommittee of the House Judiciary Committee. The book is tentatively scheduled for publi- cation later this year. -Congressional investigators are also reviewing new information provided by a former prosecutor in that office, in- cluding longsecret military documents setting forth links that American intelli- gence agencies had with Nazis and their East European collaborators.. Episodes described in the documents and other information collected by the former prosecutor, John Loftus, include these cases: -IAn Army officer working in Intelli- gence after World War 11 acknowledged allowing some Nazi collaborators to fal- sify their applications for American visas in exchange for providing intelli- genceinformation. ,9Some former Nazis entered the United States through lightly patrolled Canadian and Mexican border cross- fags while others were routed through Argentina and other cooperative Latin American countries. Mr. Loftus is now himself the subject of justice Department inquiries into his disclosure of possibly confidential ma- terial, accordin l to a department offi- cial. Mr. Loftus, now in private law practice in Boston, denied releasing any material not properly cleared by in- telligence authorities. 'Just Provided Records' STAT The tampering was discovered a year later by Mr. Loftus, who found material that the accounting office later said it had never seen. Mr. Loftus also found a note in one of the files : "Do not disclose to G.A.O. until notified to do so." The note was signed only "General Cam. sel" and the Justice investigation is aimed at learning where the directive originated. One Justice Department of- ficial said the Defense Department was queried months ago but had been slow in responding. Denials From Two Departments Both the Justice and State Depart- ments denied last week that they had attempted to impede any investigation. The accounting office, basing its find- ing only on material it had been shown, concluded in May 1978 that no "wide. spread conspiracy" existed to frustrate investigations of people suspected of being war criminals. But it found that nine suspected war criminals had worked for and been paid by the Central Intelligence Agency or the State or De- fense Departments. After the disclosure last week that the files had been tampered with, Repre- sentative Peter W. Rodino Jr., chair- man of the House Judiciary Committee, called on the accounting office to reopen its investigation and the office com- plied. "it looks like we were misled," said John Tipton, the accounting office's senior evaluator who also headed the 1978 investigation. The withholding of the material from him last time, he said, "would lead to the fact that there might be a conspiracy, yes." !Started Making Our Contacts' Meanwhile, he said, "We've already started making our contacts" for the re- opened inquiry. He called the task "pretty big -- big as hell" but said be bad no idea yet how long It might take. To the annoyance of the House Immi- gration Subcommittee, the 1977-78 in- vestigation took 14 months, about half of which, Mr. Tipton said, was con- sumed in gaining access to the intelli- gence files. This time, he said, a new statute provides that access to files can be barred only on the ground of national security by Presidential decree. The flurry of new investigations comes about a decade after a series of disclosures raised questions about sue. "I just provided Congress records they were supposed to get four years ago, "be said. In the reopened Government Investi- gations, the Justice Department an- nounced last week that its criminal divi- sion was looking into the removal, ap- parently by the Defense Department, of certain intelligence information from at least two files in military archives. The files were checked by the Gen- eral Accounting Office, an investigative arm of Congress, as part of its conspir- acy inquiry from early 1977 to May 1978. They dealt with two Byelorussian Emigres under Justice Department in- vestigation for atrocities in the Nazi-oc- cupied region of western Russia. The two, Emmanuel Jasiuk and Franz 8ucbel, have since died. - - - -Approved For Release 2007/0412a_:.CIA- RQP86B.0.08 - Approved For Release 2007/04/25. CIA-RDP86BOO885ROOOouu 0019-1 aCBS rno. John Loftus, a former Justice De- partment prosecutor, charged that suspected Nazis had been Illegally admitted Into the United States. provided to the iudicf Comriiittee . offer new insights into links between American intelligence agencies and some of the Nazi emigres, according to Mr. Loftus and Congressional staff members familiar with the material. One document cites the case of an Army intelligence officer who acknowl- edges permitting Nazi collaborators to falsify visa applications in exchange for intelligence information. . Clandestine Recruitment Another account tells of a State De- partment officer who came across a. clandestine American recruiting effort aimed at some of the Nazi collabora- tors. Thinking he had uncovered im- lighted to blow the whistle on a rival agency. However, it turned out to be an operation of his own Office of Policy Coordination. "It was comical," Mr. Loftus said. 'There's a document by an Army intel- ence officer saying, 'Here's one arm o the C.I.A. hunting Nazis and another recruiting them.' ' Much of the recruiting, -according to Mr. Loftus, was carried out by the petted war criminals in America and policy coordination office under Frank the effectiveness of investigations by Wisner, a wartime intelligence official who the Immigration and Naturalization was appointed director by State all ll in tary of Service. After Congressional 8 George a Marshall in principally ter instigated nggresssformer l? Although Mr. Winner's office was sentative Elizabeth Holtzman, now the funded by the C.I.A. and was eventually merged into the agency, it operated in- . in- Brooklyn District Attorney, the Office of Special Investigations was created in dependently and even today, Mr. Loftus 1819 to centralize the said, its ts files remain partly inaccessible According to Alan Ryan Jr., director to the C.I.A. of the office, his staff is currently inves- this Among dichotomy those who b g to docufrom . tigating 197 people suspected of being according to - war criminals to determine if they lied former was as Stanislau of f the yp Stanklevich, orus - about their past to gain entry to the scan Ce tral Council deputy 1944 who rep . cocmtry or win citizenship. A total of 548 tome re sian carried out orders ut of the Nazi S.S. cases have been investigated through of the Nazi S April and charges have been brought to massacre Jews. In camps for against 26 people. Seven of those are the war, he applied or immipersons gration on to after facing deportation and four others fad E action died. No one has yet been de America but each time, according - ported. Mr. Loftus, American conmterintelli gence "kept blowing the whistle on Mr. Loftus served with the office as a him." However, Mr. Loftus said the prosecutor from May .1879 to May 1981, records showed that other American principally investigating Byelorussian agents directed him to other possible emigres who were suspected of partici- entry points. Although formally barred pating in atrocities during Nazi rule by a immigration court decision, he fi- from 1941 to 1944, when the region was nally gained entry as a farmer with the recaptured by Soviet forces. On "60 help of a little cardboard flag on his ap- Minutes" and in other interviews last plication identifying him as an em- week be said he had learned that at ployee of Radio Liberty, sponsored by least 300 Byelorussian Nazis were now the C.I.A. He later became a citizen and living in the United States, having died recently in Queens while a Federal slipped in as displaced persons or been investigation was pending. smuggled in by American intelligence Another former Justice Department agencies for what proved to be largely rosecputor has questioned whether the abortive anti-Soviet spy operations. latest round of investigations can re. Considerable information on the solve the Byelorussian community was gathered "History questions. shown that neither Con- by a 26-year-old French-born Jew who gress nor Justice can handle this," said worked undercover for the special in- Martin Mendelsohn, a former deputy vestigations office. The aide, Marc director of the special investigations of- Masurovsky, said that while posing as a fice. What was needed, he suggested, historical researcher with a grant from was a top-level White House investiga- the National Endowment for the Hu- tion by the President's national security man ties. he met with Byelorussian adviser. emigre leaders in this country to track However, a White House spokesman down and authenticate original 1940's said yesterday that there were no plans documents needed for the prosecutions. to take the investigation away from the The documents and other information Justice Department.