Document Type: 
Document Number (FOIA) /ESDN (CREST): 
Release Decision: 
Original Classification: 
Document Page Count: 
Document Creation Date: 
December 16, 2016
Document Release Date: 
July 23, 2004
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Case Number: 
Publication Date: 
April 23, 1975
Content Type: 
PDF icon CIA-RDP86T00608R000400030013-2.pdf177.67 KB
25X1 Approved For Release 2005/04/19 :CIA-RDP86T00608R000400030013-2 Approved For Release 2005/04/19 :CIA-RDP86T00608R000400030013-2 Secret Middle East Africa South Asia 25X1 Secret i .~ 'k 25X1 25X1 Approved For Release 2005/04/19 :CIA-RDP86T00608R000400030013-2 25X1 Approved For Release 2005/04/19 :CIA-RDP86T00608R000400030013-2 Approved For Release 2005/04/19 :CIA-RDP86T00608R000400030013-2 25X1 Approved For Rele MIDDLE EAST -AFRICA -SOUTH ASIA 25X1 CONTI3N%'S Spanish Sahara: Parties Jockey for Position 1 Nepal: Increased Prices for ~ndian Goods 4 Apr 23, 1975 25X1 Approved For Relelase 2005/04/19 ~ CIA-RDP86T00608R000400030013-2 25X1 Approved For Relea Spanish Sahara Partier~ ~ocke~ 1'oz~ Position As the future of the Spanish Sahara, which can- tainR one of the world's richest phosphate deposits, is being weighed by the International Court of Justice, internal political divisions are beginning to surface. A recommendation by the court is ex- pected in September, in time for the next session of the UN General Assembly. Yet the recommendation of the TCJ will be unenforceable should the princi- pal interested nations--Spain, Morocco, Mauritania, Algeria--refuse to abide by it, and several insur- gent or political groups have emerged in the terri- tc,ry to defend or contest the interests of those nations. Spain Spain is publicly committed to relinquishing its colonial ties with the Sahara, but it will probably try to protect its investments by backing a loyal, indigenous polit-~,ca1 grouping. The National Union Party (NUP) formed last year, which clearly represents the interests of Spain and has its support, seeks an independent Sahara through an "accelerated process of self-determination" based on friendship and cooperation with Spain. The NUP, the first Spanish-backed party to appear in the Sahara, is made up of members of the Reguibat tribe who support Spain in the dispute over the Sahara. By supporting the NUP, Spain hopes ,:o counter indigenous groups favoring annexation by Morocco or Mauritania. The Reguibat are known for their ferocity, pride, and ability with firRarms; they were involved in much of the border strife which led to the 1963 Moroccan-Algerian clash. Spain probably enticed them to support a referendum by alluding to the benefits Saharans could reap from Spanish develop- ment of the phosphate mines. Depending on the deci- sion of the Hague Court, the Reguibats could provide Spain with the nucleus of a malleable indigenous poli- tical party to continue its infli?ence in the area. (Continued) Apr 2?, 1975 1 25X1 Approved For Release Approved For Release Mauritania Mauritania, like Morocco, has put .forward his- torical claims to the Spanish Sahara, althuucxh it seems less interested i.n pressing its own claim than in countering that of Morocco. The tribes of the Spanish Sahara probably have more in common with the Moors who now dominate the governme,~it in Neuackchott than with the Arabs and Arabized Nerbe_-s who rule in Rabat and Algiers. Mauritania remains suspicions of Moroccan intentions and is committed co the prin- ciple of Saharan self-determina,tian. The Ould Daddah regime contends that its independence would be endan- g^red if Morocco obtained politic