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December 22, 2016
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November 16, 2009
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August 2, 1985
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PDF icon CIA-RDP87M00539R001501950008-0.pdf124.36 KB
Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2009/11/16: CIA-RDP87M00539R001501950008-0 SECRET NIC #03888-85 2 August 1985 MEMORANDUM FOR: Director of Central Intelligence Deputy Director of Central Intelligence FROM: Herbert E. Meyer Vice Chairman, National Intelligence Council 1. As we go about the business of reviewing our policy toward South Africa, it will be vital to perceive that country not merely as an isolated hot-spot or even as the lynchpin of our diplomatic efforts in that region of the world, but rather as part of a larger, globe-girdling phenomenon: as one bead in the necklace of countries whose governments are non-communist but authoritarian, each in its own way embarked on a course of internal reform leading toward democracy. In addition to South Africa, beads in this necklace include the Philippines, South Korea, Chile, and Pakistan. Some would add Taiwan and Mexico. 2. The struggle over this necklace is a major element of the US-Soviet competition. Our goal in each country is true democracy; our strategy is to offer each government our full support--moral even more than material--while simultaneously using the influence this support brings us to pressure each government to continue along its power-sharing course. In contrast, the Soviet goal is to destabilize each country in hopes of bringing to power Marxist governments; the Soviet strategy is to force each government toward political repression--for example in response to domestic violence--in hopes that when the road closes toward evolution the road will open toward revolution. The key to this strategy is to drive a wedge between the US and the target government, and by doing so to remove US influence on the theory that when left to its natural instincts, an authoritarian government will revert to repression. It's a bit like cutting off a reformed alcoholic from his AA meetings, in hopes the poor devil will weaken and take just one little nip. 3. Without in any way getting tangled in the question of whether the whole thing has been masterminded by some genius in Moscow, it is an observable and irrefutable fact that in South Africa the Soviet strategy All portions Secret The Director of Central Intelligence Washington, D.C. 20505 Cl By Signer Decl OADR Derived from Mul ti ~