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Approved For Release 2009/09/18: CIA-RDP87M00539R002203530026-6 ROUTING AND RECORD SHEET FROM: Charles A. Briggs, Director STAT Office of Legislative Liaison TO: (Officer designation, room number, building) 20 DCI Return to D/OLL ~T 1985 r EXTENSION OFFICER'S INITIALS NO OLL 85-2756/1 3 0 SEP 1985 COMMENTS (Number each comment to show from whom to whom. Draw a line across column after each comment.) Attached for your signature is our response to 1?p. Gingrich regarding his invitation for the Agency to s_.- contribute to the Soviet behavior program around the l world. Charles A. Briggs FORM ~1 O USE PREVIOUS 1-79 EDITIONS CPO 1983 O Approved For Release 2009/09/18: CIA-RDP87M00539R002203530026-6 Approved For Release 2009/09/18: CIA-RDP87M00539R002203530026-6 Central Intelligence Agency The Honorable Newt Gingrich House of Representatives Washington, O.C. 20515 Dear Newt: Thank you for your recent letter inviting the Central Intelligence Agency to contribute to your program on Soviet behavior around the world. While I am very much in favor of such efforts and support your endeavors, it is not possible for the Agency to participate nor contribute directly as you requested in your letter. The bulk of our reporting is classified and cannot be provided for such use. The State Department is the appropriate agency to provide the information you desire. Good luck in your efforts. I look forward to seeing the results of your work. Sincerely, William J. Casey Director of Central Intelligence Approved For Release 2009/09/18: CIA-RDP87M00539R002203530026-6 Approved For Release 2009/09/18: CIA-RDP87M00539R002203530026-6 Central IntelIgencc Ager&N The Honorable Newt Gingrich House of Representatives Washington, D.C. 20515 OLL 85-2756/1 Thank you for your recent letter inviting the Central Intelligence Agency to contribute to your program on Soviet behavior around the world. While I am very much in favor of such efforts and support your endeavors, it is not possible for the Agency to participate nor contribute directly as you requested in your letter. The bulk of our reporting is classified and cannot be provided for such use. The State Department is the appropriate agency to provide the information you desire. Good luck in your efforts. I look forward to seeing the results of your work. Sincerely, John N. McMahon Acting Director of Central Intelligence Addressee DCI DDCI EXDIR ER (Ref 85-3544) DDI DDO DDA D/PAO D/OIS EPS/LG 1 - OLL Record D/OLL 1 - OLL Chrono DD OLL 1 - RL Chrono STAT pt (27 Sept 85) ,,, , , ,, Approved For Release 2009/09/18: CIA-RDP87M00539R002203530026-6 Approved For Release 2009/09/18: CIA-RDP87M00539R002203530026-6 OFFICE-OF THE DIRECTOR 85- 3544/1 Date: 23 -Uplu TO: OLL FROM: EA/DCI SUBJECT: 1. On the Congressman's request in para 1 of the 13 Sept letter, Chuck Briggs will have to raise this with the DCI for clarifi- cation as to what Gingrich means. 2. The response to Gingrich's letter on info re Afghanistan looks alright with me. Approved For Release 2009/09/18: CIA-RDP87M00539R002203530026-6 Approved For Release 2009/09/18: CIA-RDP87M00539R002203530026-6 EXECUTIVE SECRETARIAT ROUTING SLIP ACTION INFO DATE INITIAL 1 DCI X 2 DDCI X 3 EXDIR X 4 D/ICS 5 DDI X 6 DDA X 7 DDO X 8 DDS&T 9 Chm/NIC 10 GC 11 IG 12 Compt 13 D/OLL X 4 -D/PAO X 15 VC/NIC 16 D 0IS X 17 18 19 20 21 22 NLT 1400, 18 Sept. 85 Date Remarks To 13: Please have appropriate response prepared. 16 Sept. 85 Approved For Release 2009/09/18: CIA-RDP87M00539R002203530026-6 Approved For Release 2009/09/18: CIA-RDP87M00539R002203530026-6 C OM MITTS LI; PUBLIC WORKS AND TRANSPORTATION WASHINGTON OFFICE 1005 LONGWORTH HOUSE OFFICE BLDG. WASHINGTON, DC 20515 (202) 225-4501 E~~ cut+ve ,c_. y 3544 Congregg of the Nniteb 'tateg 30ouze of itepresentatibe5 September 13, 1985 William J. Casey Director, Central Intelligence Agency Washington, D.C. 20505 Dear Bill, 6351 JONESSORO ROAD SUITE E MoRRowGA 30260 (404) 968-3219 POST OFFICE BOX 848 GRIFFIN FEDERAL BUILDING GRIFFIN. GA 30224 (404) 228-0389 CARROLL COUNTY COURTHOUSE CARROLLTON. GA 30117 (404) 834-6398 COUNTY OFFICE BUILDING 22 EAST BROAD STREET NEWNAN, GA 30263 (404) 253-8355 Thank you again for breakfast. In addition to Afghanistan, I want to pursue the general issue of how we educate Members of Congress and the news media about the Soviet war against freedom. There is currently no place that links together activities during the week in such a way that they form a coherent pattern. The result is that Members read the New York Times and Washington Post stories about isolated incidents such as the KGB expulsion from Great Britain or the most recent major battle in Afghanistan, but there's no sense that it all fits together. Nor is there any systematic way to currently link all of this back to Leninist training, the writings of Lenin and the basic intellectual patterns of Soviet military/diplomatic/ political behavior. I've begun doing a series of special orders on Thursday afternoons on the House floor in which I try to knit together Soviet behavior. I'm enclosing a copy of my latest special order. We've been getting some help from the State Department in dveloping materials and our hope is eventually to have an 8:00a.m. Thursday meeting for Members only in which the executive branch on a de-classified basis tells us what happened the preceeding week and what it means in terms of the Soviet war against freedom and Soviet doctrine. However, as an interim step, I'm trying to pull together de-classified information that would normally be available to the State Department, CIA or the Defense Department public affairs offices to simply link together various events around the planet and tie them back into historical lessons. Is there someone in your public affairs who could work with us on simply delivering late on Wednesday de-classified information that they think ought to be linked together to explain the war against freedom? Approved For Release 2009/09/18: CIA-RDP87M00539R002203530026-6 Approved For Release 2009/09/18: CIA-RDP87M00539R002203530026-6 If there is, please have them contact Anne Olsson in my office and I'd like to meet with them. Thank you. NG/ao Enclosure Newt Gingrich Approved For Release 2009/09/18: CIA-RDP87M00539R002203530026-6 Approved For Release 2009/09/18: CIA-RDP87M00539R002203530026-6 H 7460 CONGRESSIONAL RECORD - HOUSE September 12, 1985 Vietnamese Embassy. The Vietnamese swaddled In red tape and subject to ^ 1715 Embassy in Ottawa closed in 1981. surcharges, taxes, and theft. THE LESSONS OF GRENADA A Toronto company, Transsaigon Mr. Speaker. I hope all Members of Co.-owned by a member of the Union this body will take the time to under- The SPEAKER pro tempore. Under General-ships parcels to Vietnam stand the seriousness of the Issue dis- a previous order of the House, the gen- through laser express. The company cussed this evening. I am not necessar- tleman from Georgia IMr. GINGRICal has satellites in Edmunton, Windsor, ily certain that my legislation is in is recognized for 60 minutes, and other parts of Canada. The owner fact the appropriate response to the Mr. GINGRICH. Dlr. Speak 'r. to- denies that he deals with the Vietnam- problem which I have outlined. There night I am going to renew I alking ese Government. is still plenty of doubt in my mind about the real news sand what : r haP- The Federal Department of Employ- about the extent and nature of the peeing around the world- Th con- cerns we hall' to face with the war ment and Immigration, 4 months ago, problem. gave the Union Generale a 5-month p I do believe, however, that if some of against freedom being waged by the $20,000 grant. Soviet Union and Its Communist sales. The Department of External Affairs these truly alarming stories have any I want to focus on tam msijor areas and the Quebec Order of Pharmacists ring of truth, they represent a viola- one Is the ocus ohev P a of- activists both unaware of the companies' tion of human rights that go beyond On to set re In In attempt the stage of- activists and activities until contacted the standards of decent behavior on a fen Is Gerdy trying ereste an by the Hamilton Spectator. very broad scale. I urge all my col- Cleneva. It It is which there at be The value of money and goods, leagues to study not coy the method- e on president Reason to shipped through Montreal is nearly ology contained in my legislation. but more pressure than there 100 times higher than the $19 million also take some time and explore the appease the Western Ihan here statistics Canada estimates that Issue for yourself. Talk to law enforce- has Neville been C In n any y Western to r sine l Canada exported to Vietnam last year. ment officers. Most importantly, dis- Neville What the Hamilton Spectator re- cuss this issue with leaders in the Viet- in 1938. vealed is that refugees who attempt to namese communities. All of us owe it In addaditio ition offensive to talklkding what about I think the G Gor - send money. medicine, and packages to ourselves to discover whether or not ba face a difficult task. Much of the the Socialist Republic of Vietnam's the correct American response to that money is siphoned off in taxes by the Controlled economic exploitation propaganda offensive, I want to talk Vietnamese Government controlled scheme actually exists. Most impor- about recent developments In Central savings accounts. Some of the drugs tantly, we should try to learn just how America and In particular the ways In may be seized. Most of the goods that it effects the lives of Vietnamese refu- which the Nicaraguan Communists are do get to designated recipients will be gees here in the United States. threatening Costa Rica. I also want to sold on the black market. The majors- talk about the ways Is. which as the El ty of the money that is sent back flows ^ 1700 Salvadoran Communists find they are into the State Bank of the Socialist perhaps we are a little unable to win. they are reverting to Vietnam through wire transfers, couri- Mr. Speaker, terrorism in their efforts to defeat the ers and commercial credit. If a refugee bit more aware of this problem in my Government of El Salvador. sends money through the mail it is part of the country than in others be- Let me first talk about the Gorba? often stolen or lost in Vietnam. It can cause we have such a large number of chev peace. offensive. The fact is that take as Vietnam long s from 3 months for a letter to these Southeast hese Vietnamese re u- Marxist-Leninist parties, in particular get to VrttnCanaada particularly by Lenin's own writings, are very The articles also illustrated that: geeees, but in fact it is a national prob? oriented to o psychological. intellectual If the money Is sent through Canadian 1em. It is the height of irony, it is orie actu- warfare. They think that words we banks it can take up to s months a get to ally the height of tragedy that the very, very important. One of the rea- only gives and the Vietnamese Government very same Vietnamese Government sons why in most Communist coun- nly gives the Vietnamese relations a per- which drove these people from their tries there is a dramatic increase in time the funds that an exchange rate 10 homeland, which required these times lower than thhat offered through the education as soon as a Communist gm+- Montreal operation. The rest of the money people to exit in some of the most dan- ernment takes over Is because they is kept, by the government. In an account gerous ways to leave their homeland regard education as the key to brain- that the Vietnamese need government per- to try to seek a little peace in the washing the population. They believe mission to withdraw from. United States and elsewhere, should brainwashing that teaches people Mr. Speaker, what the Hamilton now be taking advantage of these that the right words is the key teaches people Spectator uncovered is the fact that people who now, having reached free- ling people in the long run. So it is the SRVN is resorting to tactics dom, are attempting to do nothing nfor a Communist government against people who are basically de- more than assist their relatives and natural think that a psychological, political fenseless. Many refugees say they feel their friends who are left back in Viet- offensive to a part of warfare. Indeed, guilty about sending money by any nam. unlike the West, if you study Leninist route through which they believe the As I said, I am not certain that my warfare or Soviet warfare manuals, SRVN is benefiting. But each method proposal is the best proposal or the they have an entire section on psycho- by which they can send money or only proposal. but I am putting that logical. political. Intellectual warfare. other essentials is fraught with prob- proposal out on the table so we can see In which they have invested very heav- lems. When a money order is sent whether or not It Is possible for us to fly and in which they train a great through a local bank to Vietnam's For- create a set of conditions to allow the number of people. eign Trade Bank, the rate of exchange Vietnamese who live within our midst in the past I have cited from the of Vietnamese dong to the dollar is to do what any of us would want to do, Grenada documents, documents which only about half the rate of other and that is to help our neighbors, help were captured when we liberated the transfer methods, refugees say. Cur- our families, and help our friends who island of Grenada, documents that are rent evidence reveals that: are left back in their homeland and based on a Communist government Vietnamese who send money are who are suffering because of the ac and a Communist party in Grenada. In In U.S. forced to arge as high fuas 26 nds peand rcent pay of a tivities of the government that re- those documents I have quoted exam-cha the amount they wish to ender quired us to leave. ples of the very serious planning that the amount they the packages se; Mr. Speaker, I ask, can we not try to goes into a Communist government In Vietnam x e and cen- mail create a set of circumstances which trying to mislead both the American n heavily goed, pilfered d and en by the the governments; allows them to have some comfort in people and the American news media sorred b by Packages that arrive at Tan Sam the thought that what they are doing and the careful plQ planning which goes Nhat Airport in Ho Chi Minh City are is not in vain? into Approved For Release 2009/09/18: CIA-RDP87M00539R002203530026-6 Approved For Release 2009/09/18: CIA-RDP87M00539R002203530026-6 September 12, 1985 CONGRESSIONAL RECORD - HOUSE H 7461 It Is clear from the, Grenada docu- some editors, establishing some aca- learn about communism. because it ments that there is a serious long-term demic centers, setting up a framework does not want to study the Soviet Communist effort to understand the of thought. Union in reality. very little has been American news media and to know It is I think fair to say that not since done with those documents. Only a how to manipulate it. An effort to un- Adolf Hitler manipulated the Western few books have been written, of which derstand American church groups and news media in the late 1930's have we the most notable was edited by Ro- to know how to manipulate them. seen an offensive designed to convince, merstein and Ledeen and published by In that setting. I think the Gorba- manipulate and dupe Western people the State Department as the Grenada chev offensive is part of a long pattern as sophisticated as Gorbachev's cur- Documents. In addition, a book by of Soviet willingness to lie and deceive rent offensive. Paul Seabury studies the Grenada in order to try to communicate their What then should the correct Amer- Documents. But when one looks at all values.. scan answer be? When the New York of the leftwing intellectual effort to In the recent Time magazine Inter- Times prints an ad paid for by the discredit El Salvador, the Philippines, view with Gorbachev, there were two Soviet Embassy, as it did recently, South Africa, Chile, and then you look fascinating examples of the Soviet should we censor that ad? I do not and ask how many Ph.D.'s rush down modern techniques of manipulation. think so. When Gorbachev offers to be to the National Archives to look at The funnier of the two was a line Interviewed, should we stop the inter- these documents? How many people where Gorbachev was quoted as view? I do not think so. have been busily studying and trying saying, "God In His infinite wisdom." I It would be helpful If the news men to tell us what we can learn about found It fascinating. Here you have were a little more tough minded, if communism and the Grenada lesson? the leader of the Communist govern- they asked better questions, if they The answer, sadly, is very few. ment, an avowedly atheist movement, were more aggressive in cross-exazni- Therefore, I think it is very, very im- a man whose wife teaches Marxist phi- nation. But basically, if we are going portent that we take the third meek of losophy at the University of Moscow, to be a free society, we have to allow on October third 2e 5, k of and cheerfully for purposes of Western people who are going to lie to us to tell October, the he week of the looking the . newsmen citing God. A God which their lies out in the open. And then we we technically he cannot believe exists if have to hope that our Intellectuals, lessons of Grenada and asking our- he believes the teachings of Lenin, but our news media, our politicians, our selves, what do they tell us about because he knows that we feel com- citizens, will pay attention and learn today? What do we learn about com- fortable with people who cite God, he who Is telling the truth and who is munism in Grenada that teaches us about Gorbachev? Nothing could more Is comfortable. v-ortable, flling to make us feel IyRather than talk about censorship, I better prepare America for Geneva Secec ond. we had in the very same would like to suggest just the opposite. than to study the real nature -of com- interview a reference which Gorba. We have an opportunity in the third munism and look at the real lessons of chev said, "We would never start a week of October to lay out for the the Grenada Documents. war." Unfortunately, no one on the entire world to see who the Commu- That is why I urge my colleagues to Time magazine editorial board saw fit nists are and what the system is. cosponsor House Resolution 313, to say to him, "What about Afghani- Rather than arguing with Gorbachev which Congressman Ixz SxsLTON of stan, where you are currently fighting as a person or discussing whether or Missouri and I have introduced as a bi- a war? What about Czechoslovakia, not his wife dresses well, It seems to partisan resolution. It already has over which you Invaded in 1968? What me far more appropriate for us to look 165 cosponsors. And it is designed to about Hungary, which you Invaded In at the underlying question of the make the week of October 25 a week 1956? What about the occupation of nature of the Soviet system, the in which high schools, colleges, the army in Poland?" nature of the Communist government. Sunday schools, synagogue classes. Instead, they passed over it, allowing I think there is no better time to do civic clubs, veterans groups, everyone a Communist leader with a totally that than the third week of October, who has an interest in understanding straight face to say to them, "We, of which is the second anniversary of the the world we live in and the nature of course. would never start a war. I liberation of Grenada. communism, might look at the lessons promise you that." I think it is important for two rea- of Grenada. That is why I would urge One has to wonder how naive you sons. First of all, the liberation of Gre- every citizen to look at their own civic must think Americans are if you can nada was the first time that a Commu- clubs, their own classes, their own op- get away with that kind of bald-faced nist government was overthrown and portunities to study the lessons of lie. since he is in the middle of fight- people regained their freedom. In that Grenada. I think it helps to get the ing a war in Afghanistan. sense the experience of the Grenadian local news media to ask the question, The pattern of this offensive is very people, now free, now with a free what have we learned about commu- s1mvie- We know from a variety of market, now with a democracy. now nom? By getting editorial writers worlw, of which possibly John Bar- with a free press, now with freedom of before they interview Gorbachev to ton's books on the KGB are the best. religion, the lesson of Grenada in ceeas- study the way in which Lenin has Moscow" -ad a Soviet senior official people all over the world. It offers news media, to look at the lessons of telling us the Inside story is helpful hope to the Afghan freedom fighters disinformation and deception as prac- and there have been a number of It offers hope to the Nicaraguan free- ticed by the Soviet Union, I think that other studies. ' don fighters. It offers hope to the An- helps all of us. We know from these works that the golan freedom fighters. It offers hope So I would urge all of my colleagues Soviet Government systematically and to people in Poland, in the Ukraine, in to cosponsor House Joint Resolution consistently goes after the penetration Estonia, in Latvia, in Lithuania, and 313 and help us make the week of Oc- of Western news media throughout the Soviet Union. tuber 25 a week to learn the lessons of A recent novel. "The Spike," is an- Second, in liberating Grenada and the Grenada Documents other example of that. Its coauthor is saving some 800 American students Arnaud de Borchgrave, the editor of from possibly becoming hostages, we I would also urge every group the Washington Times. a former also captured 35,000 pounds of Com- around America that is interested in senior columnist for Newsweek maga- munist documents, the records of the and concerned about communism or zine. Communist government, the records about the survival of freedom to take As you study these books, whether of the Communist Party. So we know the opportunity that week to study they are fiction or nonfiction, you a great deal about Grenada. the lessons of Grenada. learn that the KGB, the Soviet secret Unfortunately, because the Ameri- I would urge those citizens whose police, spends a great deal of money can intellectual community is largely Congressmen have not yet cospon- bribing some reporters, influencing leftwing. because it does not want to sored that resolution to contact their Approved For Release 2009/09/18: CIA-RDP87M00539R002203530026-6 Approved For Release 2009/09/18: CIA-RDP87M00539R002203530026-6 H 7462 CONGRESSIONAL RECORD - HOUSE September 12, 1985 Congressmen and ask them to cospon- Sabotage is destruction, the breaking have an army, reporting on three inci- sor House Joint Resolution 313. up of the economy, the destroying of dents In which the Communist govern- In addition to handling propaganda jobs, the wiping out of civilized amen- ment of Nicaragua entered Costa as it relates to the Soviet Union, I !ties. Then when American reporters Rican territory. The Costa Ricans are think it is also interesting to look at go to a major city and the power goes concerned In part because, as they what has been happening around the out because the guerrillas have suc- look to the north toward El Salvador, world that the American news media cessfully sabotaged the power lines, in- they have some sense of how a coun- does not cover very aggressively. stead of reporting on guerrilla brutal- try can be torn to pie-es by Commu. There is a tendency in the American ity, on the senselessness of their cam- nist guerrillas. news media if an American ally does paign, of their unwillingness to vote, Communist guerrill t commander something to put it on page 1, and if a instead the reporter talks about how Joaquin Villalobos, in a statement con- Soviet puppet does something to weak the government is. cerning the increased tt rrorists' use of either not print it at all or put it on Let me suggest that If we had guer- land mines and urban terrorism has page 30. rillas trying to knock out power lines threatened more violence on the Therefore, I have asked that we put around Washington. we could appreci- people of El Salvador. together some major events and on a ate better the challenge to President "Our aim is to convert every road weekly basis on Thursday I am going Duarte. Not only his daughter kid- into a river of blood with mines ? ?' to try to link together different news naped by terrorists, but he is faced each stone into a mine and every heli- stories you may not have seen. I'm with a guerrilla movement which, as It copter into a coffin." Villalobos said in going to show how they relate to the loses the main war against his army, a recent rebel radio broadcast. . war against freedom being waged by reverts more and more to terrorist tac- The Farabundo Marti Liberation the Soviet Union and its Communist tics and to guerrilla warfare. Front IFMLN], the Communist ter- empire. Here are some examples. To the south of Nicaragua, Costa riorist organization bent on destroying First, the Communists have been Rica finds Itself increasingly in diffi- the democratically elected government linked in Nicaragua to 700 Costa culty. For example, Costa Rican Presi- of President Duarte, is increasing Its Ricans training in Cuba. At least 700 dent Luis Alberto Monge has said defi- activities due to decreased support in Costa Ricans linked to leftist groups nitely that there will be no dialog be. their insurgency efforts over the past have received military training in tween Costa Rica and the Communist year. Cuba with assistance from the Com- regime of Nicaragua because the Com- "The subversives have planted a lot munist Sandinista government of munist regime has refused to apolo- of mines in the last few months be- Nicaragua, according to Costa Rican gize and give explanation for actions cause they can no longer confront Deputy Minister Johnny Campos. to Costa Rica concerning their aggres- that this is na citation army units directly," said Maj. Omar Notice sions directed against his government. Vaquerano, an infantry battalion com- frfrom om a an American Ame thi Security ca source. not o Minice. a This is citation Costa Monge referred to three separate in- mander. "The mines are a demonstra- Deputy in which Nicaragua waged un- tion of the subversives' weakness." Rica. He said in a recent interview in La Nation: provoked attacks over its border into The increase in the effectiveness of Costa Rica: The events at Las Crucitas the government's efforts against the Campos broached the magnitude of local on May 31, when two Costa Rican civil and foreign espionage in his country. He Communists' activities has broken up also stated that this training had been going guardsmen died; the July 3 incident in the terrorists into small pockets ? of on for 4 years. He divided the espionage ac- the same area when Communist subversives, taking much of their sup- tivities into three groups which included the troops attacked the Costa Rican port base, supplied by the Masas. involvement of the Ortega-led Communist guardsmen who were trying to recover The point I want to make is this: government of Nicaragua. The Deputy Min- the body of one of the slain guards- Communists in El Salva- and described the situation as dangerous men; and the July 26 incident at Barra Here he is very concerned about it. del Colorado, when three Communist do r e a we we have sabotage. I that quoted we are earlier, going to rely "sabotage on An example of what has been hap- air force planes entered Costa Rica's e They have said here, w have pening around the world: The Commu- airspace and dropped bombs. vhemictory.s" They aim have is to convert nisi terrorists El Salvador are ^ 1730 every road into a river of blood with changing ing their behavior. According to mines, each stone into a mine and Radio Venceremos, the Communists in The point I want to make here is into a coffin. El Salvador have again bragged about that of all of the countries in Central every helicopter - their sabotage activities. America, Costa Rica Is the most peace- Imagine you were living in For example, over the Fourth of July ful, the most democratic, the most tic Costa Ri a, , that t you were democrmocra looking weekend, the Communist guerrillas open. up that road to kind of l bloody. rthat anti- "carried out important sabotage Costa Rica disbanded its army in the saw the he against you power lines in this central area late 1940's. It literally has no army civilian guerrilla warfare, sabotage, of the country. These power outages anymore. It has been observed by one and terrorism going on. You can ap- affected San Salvador and large parts expert on Central America that Costa preciate why the Costa Rican Govern- of Central El Salvador." Rica is the greatest danger to Nicara- ment, the most democratic, most open The broadcast also went on to boast gua precisely because it is a democrat- and decent government In Central that "on July 5, guerrilla units of the is country with a free market and a America, is Increasingly angry with Julio Armando Climaca Detachment free press. That means that every pos. the Nicaraguans, because It sees in downed three high voltage power sible younger Nicaraguan will flee to Nicaragua a country which Is support- pylons in (Las Gorritas) Canton, San Costa Rica, just like in Western ing guerrilla warfare with Communists Jorges jurisdiction, San Miguel De- Europe we see people flee from East In El Salvador. A country which is partment. Germany to West Germany, from itself a Communist dictatorship. And "We continue with more activities to Czechoslovakia to Austria, from Hun- Costa Rica sees an increasing willing- sabotage the war economy of Duarte's gary to Austria, and so forth. ness to launch raids against them. government. Sabotage is victory." The point this expert had made was President Monge, in an August 13 I think every American needs to look that as long as Costa Rica is alive, as letter to Daniel Ortega, the Commu- at that and ask themselves, these are long as it is a free country, as long as nist dictator of Nicaragua, said that Communist guerrillas. They claim it is a better place to live than Nicara- Costa Rica was a "peaceful people" that they are for the people, yet their gua, it will be an active threat to the and blamed "Nicaragua's warmonger- strategy as they grow weaker and are Communist government of Nicaragua ing attitude" for the border crisis. unable to field a military unit is to precisely because it drains away Let me emphasize this. This is the engage in terror and in sabotage. people. President of Costa Rica, the neighbor Imagine the nature of a group which Here we have the President of Costa of Nicaragua, a democratic country would say that sabotage Is victory. Rica, a country which does not even which does not even have an army. His Approved For Release 2009/09/18: CIA-RDP87M00539R002203530026-6 Approved For Release 2009/09/18: CIA-RDP87M00539R002203530026-6 September 1A 1985 CONGRESSIONAL RECORD - HOUSE attitude toward the Communist Gov. This Is the third incursion the Com- ernment of Nicaragua. he said It was munist forces have carried out on "a warmongering attitude." Costa Rican soil in 1 week according This is not Ronald Reagan talking; to official reports issued by the gov- this is not some rightwing Republican. ernment of President Luis Alberto This is the democratically elected, free Monge. President of Costa Rica. On August 22, five Communist. air- He went on to say that we Costa craft violated Costa Rican airspace Ricans "are a peaceful people and and fired shots, only 24 hours after have never attacked anyone." the Costa Rican Government de- The Costa Rican President stated nounced an attack by the Nicaraguan that it there is no peace in Nicaragua, Communist forces on the Boca de San then his nation is affected by this. Carlos police post. "However," Monge stated, "Costa Rica These events have been unfolding is not responsible for Nicaragua's during the Nicaraguan so-called peace peace; Costa Rica cannot achieve or dialog arop Propaganda where the Nicara- Impose peace In Nicaragua. In clear reference to the unprovoked guans are publicly in Interviews with border aggressions launched by the American television. talking to Ameri- Marxist-Leninist regime. Monge said can church groum they pretend they that- favor peace. There are three times in I The vai"ious border incidents on Costs. week in late August that the Nicara- Rica's northern border. specifically the guan Communists violated Costa Rica. painful incident at Las Cructas and the vio- and attacked Costa Rica. In fact, lation of our national airspace by your gov- things have gotten bad enough that eramenta military forees, can be protested Costa Rican Foreign Minister Carlos as acts of aggression we will not tolerate and Jose Gutierrez said that the Inter- which, if repeated, will force us to defend ourselves. We demand a satisfaeto American Reciprocal Treaty ITIARI explanation because these incidents are the he might be requested if unprovoked result of Nicaragua's warmongering attitude Communist border attacks continue. and of the lack of peace In Nicaragua, which citing that regime's "expansionist ob- is an issue that your government cannot jectives" as a possible cause for these evade. incidents. "Therefore, steps toward peace, both "I think that. if these aggressions inside and outside Nicaragua, should continue, we may resort to the TIAR. be taken by your government." Monge Costa Rica has not done so thus far said. He also stated that he considered because it believes the aggressions do Nicaragua's "international propaganda not melt it," Gutierrez said in a tele- aimed at tarnishing Costa Rica's real phone interview with Radio Cadena position in relation to the Nicaraguan Nacional. Nevertheless, he noted that conflict unjust and ill-Intentioned." "their frequency and constant repeti- So again we have on August 13 the tion might lead Costa Rica to resort to President of the democratic, demilita- a step of that nature." rized, free Costa Rica complaining, Gutierrez said that the Communist saying to the Nicaraguan Communists attacks on Costa Rica could have vari- to "Let us alone, quit trying to pro- ous explanations, among them that voke us." the Communist regime may be trying Yet what happened? to intimidate the Costa Rican people. On August 25. a Communist army "This could be one of the reasons," he patrol from Nicaragua was spotted by said. He explained that "perhaps the Civil Guard units Inside Costa Rican attacks seek to prevent Costa Ricans territory In the Boca de San Carlos living in the border area from continu- region, marking the third unprovoked ing to express support for the anti- border Incident within a week against Sandinista. this democracy. "Second, it might be that the at- According to the Panama City tacks are the result of the arrogance ACAN report from the northern of the Sandinist Army, which wants to region of Costa Rica, the Sandinist show Its military might to its neigh- People's Army PEPSI patrol fired at bors," Gutierrez added. "We also think the civil guardsmen with their rifles the attacks could be part of the expan- and the civil guardsmen fired back. sionist objectives of the Nicaraguan Area residents told reporters that Government, which does not hide its apparently the Communists had seized aggressive intentions with regard to a farm but then abandoned it after the countries that border Nicaragua." the clash with the Costa Rican public Let me make this point for all of our forces. friends who belong to church groups Public Security Minister Benjamin that say why can there not be peace in Piza Carranza has explained that a Central America. Here he is, the for- Police patrol discovered the Commu- eign minister of Costa Rica, a country mist group in Costa Rican territory which is a democracy. A country and, for this reason, obeyed the order which is free, a country which does to fire at them. Costa Rica has no not even have an army. AD it has is a standing army. He said that the Civil border patrol and a civil police, and Guard remains on alert In the border now what is the foreign minister of area, which has been the site of recent Costa Rica saying? He said that the unprovoked and illegal attacks Government Of Nicaragua has, and I launched by the Marxist-Leninist quote: "Expanionist objectives," and regime. "does not hide its aggressive intentions H 7163 with regard to the countries that border Nicaragua." In other words, the foreign minister of Costa Rica is trying to say to all of the world. you cannot deal with the Communist Government of Nicaragua because it Is trying to expand itself. Nicaragua Is an enemy to Its neigh- bors, and It is supporting guerrilla war. What do the people of Costs Rica think? In a poll conducted by sm affiliate of the international Gallup orgsniation, it was found that 89 percent of the Costa Rican population consider the Marxist-Leninist regime at Nicaragua a threat to peace in the ragIi i The poll. which was publldtred In the San Jose daily Is Won, abre lbmid that 87 percent of the popalrtien hive an unfavorable opinion of the Connmu- nist government. In addition, 03 per- cent said that neutrality ought not to apply if Nicaragua violated the Costa Rican sovereignty. According to the results of the survey, most Costa Ricans approve of the way President Monge is handling the Nicaraguan crisis, but are dis- pleased with the way the Contadora group is resolving the problem be- tween the two nations. Also, 83 per- cent of the Costa Ricans polled said they were confident the United States would help defend Costa Rica If they were invaded. On a similar subject. Oscar Aguflar. Presidential candidate of the National Union Party, has said that In view of the new Communist attacks against Costa Rican territory, which were con- firmed by the Costa Rican Govern- ment, the country should break diplo- matic ties with the Marxist-Leninist regime. If only temporarily. His state- ment, which was on San Jose Radio Relol on August 22, also explained that "firmness does not mean aggres- sion but that the country cannot con- tinue to defend the national sovereign- ty with protest notes that no one pays attention to." I think there are two messages here for AmerI urn. First of all, the next time someone says to you: "But why do you think the Nicaraguan Commu- nists are dangerous." ask them if 89 percent of the free people of Costa Rica are scared of their neighbor. should that not worry you. U the folks who are down there, who are natives, who are local, and who speak Spanish, who have friends In Nicaragua. If 89 percent of them are scared of the Communist next door, should not that be a sign to us that maybe they know more than the local politician or your local reporter who once spent 2 days there on a trip? Second, what would our friends on the left do to save Costa Rica if, In fact, the Communists in Nicaragua are violating Costa Rican sovereignty? I have just indicated there were three times in 1 week In August that the Nicaraguan Communists were occupy. Approved For Release 2009/09/18: CIA-RDP87M00539R002203530026-6 Approved For Release 2009/09/18: CIA-RDP87M00539R002203530026-6 117464 CONGRESSIONAL RECORD - HOUSE September 12, 1985 ing part or acting on parts of Costa tied in part about what they see just Adler Barryman Seal described an Rican territory. What would we do? up the road in El Salvador. April 8. 1984, meeting at the Colombi- Are our neighbors, in fact, the Costa As recently as late August we have an mountaintop home of Jorge Ochoa Ricans. right when 83 percent of them seen examples of the kind of Commu- attended by several members of the say we would help them if they were nist terrorism in El Salvador which Ochoa smuggling cartel: attacked by Communists, or are they frightens the democratic. disarmed "They had struck a deal with some wrong? I wonder. I wonder in this country of Costa Rica. [officials) in the Sandinista govern- House how many of our more leftwing According to an August 24 San Sal- ment in Nicaragua " Seal said. "We're members would, in fact, find some vador La Prensa Graflea report, new not Communists. V e don't agree with excuse for explaining away Commu- acts of vandalism and terror have re- their philosophy, 1 ut they serve our nist aggression, some way of indicating cently been carried out by subversive means and we serv, theirs-then they that it was really caused by Costa groups of the Communist FMLN=FDR made gestures Indic tang money." Rica, even though Costa Rica is un- terrorist insurgency organization. Seal. 45. said he was initially worried armed, has no army, and could not on the highways to Santa Ana, Ati- about being arrested if he landed In a attack anyone. quizaya, Sesuntepeque, Tejutla, Usul- plane full of cocaine in a Communist In fact, the Costa Rican Govern- tan. Ilobasco, and other places the ter- country, but he said he was assured ment is considering seriously breaking rorist groups attacked buses, Injuring that there would be no problems with relations with Nicaragua. at least 20 civilians. Nicaraguan officials. Costa Rican Foreign Minister Carlos in another unprovoked attack, offs- United States authorities concluded Jose Gutierrez has said that President cial reports say that on August 23 the that the operation had at least the Monge and his administration has not Communist 'extremists machine- tacit approval of high-level Sandinista ruled out a break in relations with gunned a bus, truck, and pick-up truck officials. Nicaragua. in Delicias de Concepcion Canton, San The point that I think really ties to- "On various occasions and in view of Juan. According to the report, several gether drug trade, terrorism, the prop- repeated attacks and violations of the passengers were wounded and all were aganda offensive, and Nicaragua's at- Sandinist Army, we have been on the taken to hospitals in that capital and tacks on its neighbors in Costa Rica is verge of breaking relations with Nica- Zacatecoluca. that from a Communist standpoint all ragua but the situation has always the Communist subversives were of this fits together. Gorbachev, as a been reconsidered," the foreign minis- preparing to set the vehicle on fire, a Communist leader, sees the United ter said. Government sources say that military patrol arrived and the rebels States as the enemy. The Soviet Union the possibility remains, considering immediately opened fire and fled from and its Marxist-Leninist leaders are recent territorial violations and the air the army. very open in saying that we are the attack August 21. "We now have to think of more drastic measures," Gu- The Communist terrorists organize- enemy. Anyone who has studied the "The tion's goal is to overthrow the demo- Grenada documents can find the then- tierrez signing on the to peace say: docu- cratically elected government and re- Communist leader of Grenada. Mau- conditions said. for He went ment do not exist," and added that the place It with a Marxist-Leninist regime rice Bishop, saying in a secret speech: tension mentioned by Mexican For- similar to those currently in control in Of course we are Communists, of course eign Secretary Bernardo Sepulveda " is Cuba and Nicaragua. this is a dictatorship, of course we are Now, notice the style here. Now that against the Americans, but If we told them not the result of the position adopted the Communist guerrillas in El Salva- the truth then they will know what we are by Costa Rica, which is willing to sign dot cannot stand up to the army, what doing. So we are going to lie to them. the document if it includes all the as- do they do? They shoot the civilians, It Is amazing, since 1917 we have had peas nec to achieve pe. they machinegun a bus, they machine- an opportunity to study what Lenin It is not a sary matter of sign eing the on peace document but of fulfilling all its gun a pickup truck. This is the kind of wrote in creating the Soviet state, to provisions. If this is not done, the ef- banditry which can break down a free study how Stalin behaved as a dicta- forts would have been useless. Each society but which is very hard for us tor, or to look at what now is almost country that signs the peace document to fight. Where are our freinds on the 70 years of systematic warfare against must comply with its provisions. It is left, those who are upset because the the West. not a matter of simply signing the doe- CIA mined Nicaraguan harbors; those It is remarkable to see them spy ument so as to form part of a group of who talked about atrocities from the against us, to have Americans who are countries that will subsequently not right? Where is. anyone from the left arrested as spies, to see West Germans comply with it," the foreign minister in this body standing up and saying it who turn out to be spies, to recognize concluded. is wrong for Communist guerrillas to that the British are expelling spies I began tonight talking about the shoot innocent civilians? We have not right this very day, to see that all over propaganda offensive of Gorbachev heard a single person from the left in the world Gorbachev is involved in and of the Soviet Union and that this House complaining about Commu- country after country, in systematical- there is a parallel propaganda offen- nist guerrillas. Yet we recognize that ly spying to try to undermine the sive by the Nicaraguan Communists. there are all sorts of terrorists from West. - the left who are engaged throughout Similarly, we see, as we look around ^ 1745- Central America in trying to destroy the world, a Communist offensive. fni- One of the comforting systematic pro-American and pro-Western gov- sThere are Russian troops thls amino natures of communism that does not ernments. seem to change over time, you can There is one final point I would like as I speak. There are Cuban troops In count on it, is that they can lie with a to make tonight about events in Cen? Ethiopia, in Angola, in Mozambique straight face. They can tell you they tral America. And that is that there is killing people who want to be free. are for law and order while picking some evidence that Nicaragua is work- There is a Communist Government your pocket. So it is not at all uncom- ing in concert with drug trafficking. in Nicaragua trying to Impose a dicta mon for a Communist government like There has been considerable evidence torship on its people. There is a Com- Nicaragua, in a peace offensive, have that Cuba works with drug traffickers. munist army from Vietnam in Cambo- their President giving peace speeches But there has been a recent report dia trying to impose a Communist gov- while their army and air force are vio- worth looking at in terms of the Nica- ernment on its people. There is a Com- lating Costa Rican territory. Here we raguan Communists. munist army holding down the people have the Costa Rican Government An agreement that allowed Colombi- of Poland. telling us about the event. an coccaine lords to process and ship In the middle of all this, Gorbachev Again, the Costa Ricans are worried narcotics through Nicaragua was de- appears on the cover of Time maga- in part because of Nicaraguan Commu- scribed July 31 by a pilot working un- zine and explains that he Is really a nist direct activity, and they are wor- dercover for U.S. authorities. nice guy who is just misunderstood. In Approved For Release 2009/09/18: CIA-RDP87M00539R002203530026-6 Approved For Release 2009/09/18: CIA-RDP87M00539R002203530026-6 September 12, 1985 CONGRESSIONAL RECORD - HOUSE the middle of all this, we have a so- called -peace offensive. Sometimes you have to ask yourself how naive is the American and European news media, how naive are our intellectual elite, how easy it seems to be for the Com- munists, almost by the flick of a wrist, to change and say: "Oh, please forget everything we are doing in Afghani- stan, ignore the people we are killing, the men, women, and children who are being butchered, the villages that are being bombed, the atrocities that are being committed, we really mean well. Please ignore the spies that you are uncovering in your- country that we send there. We really mean well. Why don't you come to Geneva and just talk to us in a pleasant way?" I believe the President should go to Geneva. I agree with Winston Church- ill who once said: "Jaw, jaw, jaw is better than war, war, war." Still, we should recognize what is going on. Neville Chamberlain went to Munich in 1938 thinking if you could appease a dictator somehow things would get better. Neville Chamberlain might have given up radar in order to make Adolph Hitler happy. And the British would have lost the battle of London. The President has the 21st century equivalent of radar, the strategic de- fense initiative. It is vitally important that all of us in America, and in Europe, and in Japan, and all of the free countries recognize who is going to Geneva. On the one side, there is a Commu- nist empire, there is a man whose armies are currently trying to conquer Afghanistan, there is a man who is spying against all of us, who is sup- porting terrorism and who represents the dark forces of the secret police, the Gulag Archipelago and the con- centration camps of political prisoners. That is Gorbachev. We should recognize that, we should remember it, and we should go to those negotiations starting with a question, since this is a man who will lie with a straight face, who will quote God even though he is an atheistic Communist, who would tell us he would never start a war even whole he has 120,000 troops fighting in Afghani- stan. Let us be clear what is happen- ing. It is vitally important the American President talk with the Communist leader. It is equally important that the American President not try to appease the Communist leader. If we can reach reasonable agreements that are en- forceable, that is worth doing. I hope that on the week of October 25, we will study the lessons of the Grenada documents and we will celebrate, for free people everywhere and people who would like to be free everywhere, the fact that for the first time a Com- munist nation has become free again. As we look at the lessons of that second anniversary, it is my hope that across America and through the U.S. Information Agency across the world, the people who are free will be able to look once again at the lessons of com- munism and the nature of communism and what really was happening in Gre- nada, and that that will give us a much more sober, a much more realis- tic, a much more reasonable balance as we move toward Geneva. It is vitally important that Geneva occur, but it is equally important that Geneva not become another Munich. While Ronald Reagan Is a Churchil- lian figure, a man of great resolution, a man who understands communism. a man who, as a former labor union president, knows how to negotiate. It is very important that he not have Nev- ille Chamberlain's style news media, Neville Chamberlain's style elite, Nev- ille Chamberlain's style advisers. Nev- ille Chamberlain's pressure from his own public to make unwise conces- sions. By asking your Congressman to cosponsor House Joint Resolution 313, to help us look at the lessons of the Grenada documents, by asking your civic club, your Sunday school, or your synagogue group, your high school, or college class to take time that week to look at the lessons of Grenada, I think it is possible to educate ourselves, and I think that in the long run an educat- ed, free people will survive despite the threats of dictatorship and that we can achieve peace through knowledge and through information. I thank the Speaker. The SPEAKER pro tempore. Under a previous order of the House, the gen- tleman from Iowa [Mr. Lz.ca] is rec- ognized for 30 minutes. [Mr. LEACH of Iowa addressed the House. His remarks will appear hereaf- ter in the Extensions of Remarks.] GENERAL LEAVE Mr. McCOLLUM. Mr. Speaker, I ask unanimous consent that all Members be permitted 5 legislative days in which to extend their remarks and to include therein extraneous material on the bill, H.R. 7, which was consid- ered today. The SPEAKER pro tempore. Is there objection to the request of the gentleman from Florida? There was no objection. KIDNAPING OF PRESIDENT DUARTE'S DAUGHTER The SPEAKER pro tempore. Under a previous order of the House, the gen- tleman from Florida (Mr. MCCOLLUM] is recognized for 30 minutes. (Mr. McCOLLUM asked and was given permission to revise and extend his remarks.) Mr. McCOLLUM. Mr. Speaker, I would like to speak today about Mrs. Ines Guadalupe Duarte Duran, the eldest daughter of El Salvador's Presi- dent, Jose Napoleon Duarte. Both Mrs. Duran and a female friend were kidnaped yesterday and in the process, H 7465 a young man guarding Mrs. Duran was murdered. No guerrilla group or organization has yet to claim responsibility for the kidnaping. The clandestine rebel radio station, Radio Venceremos, did not mention the kidnaping during its Sep- tember 10 broadcast; However, it seems to me that this is another signal that urban warfare in El Salvador is a reality and the Com- munist guerrillas mean what they say. The June 19, 1985, murder of four U.S. marines in the city of San Salva- dor is still fresh on our minds. Only three of the suspected rebels responsi. ble for this attack have been appre- hended to date. Shortly after this murder, the Communist announced they would continue to hunt down Sal- vadoran and American officials in the cities. The clandestine radio station of the Marxist-led Insurgents, Radio Vencere- mos, announced yesterday, September 11, 1985, that their goal to "annihilate American advisers" in El Salvador is still a very high priority. It is crystal clear to anyone who pays attention and who keeps his eyes and ears open as to what kind of crimi- nal we are dealing with in El Salvador and Central America. The Salvadoran intelligence forces 'recently reported that they have received information that Salvadoran and American offi- cials remain the targets of the Com- munist rebels. The crimes and threats of the Com- munist rebels in El Salvador are not merely directed at the Duarte govern- ment or American advisers or officials. These acts are designed to intimidate the Salvadoran population and desta- bilize that country in order to allow the Communists to abort democracy in El Salvador and Central America as a whole. We must not make any mistake about the actual purposes involved in this series of terrorist acts that they are now engaged in. As the speaker before me made the point in his presentation, the rebel forces at this time in Central America are conducting terrorist activities in order to bring about a change in the freedom that does exist in the few countries around the area where they now hold control in Nicaragua. The United States, as a result, in order to protect its own citizens and In order to protect the officials of the democratic countries in Central America, especial- ly in El Salvador, and In order to pro- tect the glimmering hope of democra- cy that is flaming now in those areas down there, the American Govern- ment, the United States, us, this Con- gress must expedite the money, mate- rials, and support already authorized to El Salvador to counter the Commu- nist urban offensive going on. Just before the August recess, we passed a Foreign Assistance Act that contained authority for the United States to pro- vide training and equipment to the police and internal security forces of Approved For Release 2009/09/18: CIA-RDP87M00539R002203530026-6