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June 3, 1985
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Approved For Release 2009/09/18 :CIA-RDP87M00539R002203530054-5 STAT Approved For Release 2009/09/18 :CIA-RDP87M00539R002203530054-5 JIM COURTER Approved For Release 2009/09/18 :CIA-RDP87M00539R002203530054-5 COMMITTEES: NEW JERSEY ) 9 ~ ~ RMED SERVICES SELECT COMMITTEE ~on~re~~ of the ~lnited ~tate~ ON AGING ~touoe of '~.e~re~entatives ~lllashin~ton, ~B~ ions June 3, 1985 Mr. William J. Casey Director of Central Intelligence Central Intelligence Agency Washington, D.C. 20505 Dear Mr. Casey: I was pleased to see the full text of your San Antonio address appear in the Washington Times, and have had it entered into the Congressional Record in the hope that sane of my colleagues will benefit from it as much as I have. The speech could not have been more timely; the House is now to face anew the same old choice about whether or not to resist the establishment of a second Marxist-Leninist state in the Central American region. I have taken a rather visible role in the Nicaragua debate, made a trip to Central America in Decenber, and have set dawn some of my opinions and findings in various published forms. I am at work at present on a booklet on the Nicaraguan government's consolidation of power, and will be pleased to send along a copy to you when it is canpleted. Should you find yourself available at sane date for an opportunity to meet with me and discuss Central American issues, I would be most pleased for the chance. Thank you for your expert work for this country's intelligence services, and thank you for your leadership and your patriotism. Sincerely, JAC/ch Enclosures Cv ss St ~.f rj'dd~. 2422 RAYBURN HOUSE OFFICE BUILDING WASHINGTON, DC 20515 (202) 225-5801 Approved For Release 2009/09/18 :CIA-RDP87M00539R002203530054-5 ~UR`I'F.R r of Congress Approved For Release 2009/09/18 :CIA-RDP87M00539R002203530054-5 Vol. 131 WASHINGTON, WEDNESDAY, MAY 22, 1985 No. 68 ~on~re~~ional `1~e~ord DIRECTOR CASEY ON THE SAN- DINISTA STRATEGIC BLUE- PRINT HON. JIM COURIER or tssw asassx Ili TIIf SOUSg Of RICPRISEIi?ATIVCS Wednesday, May 22, 1985 ? Mr. COIIRTER. Mr. Speaker, I would like my colleagues to see the best, most comprehensive review of Maricist?Lenlniat political atntegy in foreign countries to appear !n the public prints in some time. It is the text of a speech CIA Director William Casey made to the World Business CottncU in San Mtonio, TS, on May I8. Ranging over such strategic indit:a- tors as military aid, the presence of ad- visers, political cultivation of the young, propaganda. and efforts to dis- credit the moral and spiritual author- ity of the Catholic Church. the ad- dress by Mr. Casey serves. from one standpoint. ss a veritable checklist of the ways in which the nee Nicaraguan Oovtrrlment is reproducing old Marx- ist-Leninist patterns of taking and con- solidating power. The text which follows is reprinted from the Washington Times. SA1fD[1rISTAS HAVa "BLIIEPRIPTr roe $17aVDtSIVI AccRr;s$Iai," Today. I would like to tell you about the subversive war which the Soviet UNon and !ts partners have been waglna against the United States and its Interests around the world for a quarter of a century or more. This campaign of aggressive subversion ilea nibbled away at friendly governments and our vital interests untU today our national security 4 impaired b our Immediate neigh- borhood as well u !n Europe, Asls, Africa and Latin America. This 4 not an undeclared war. In 1961, [Nlkital Khrushchev, then leader of the Soviet Union, told to that communism would win not through nuclear war which could destroy the world or oonventlonal war which could quickly lead to nuclear war, but through "wars of national liberation" In Africa, Asia, and Latin America. We sere re- luctant to believe him then. Just u to the 1930s we were reluctant to take Hitler seri- ously when he spelled out b "Mein Kampt" how he would take over Europe. Over the last 10 years, Soviet power has been established: In Vietnam, along China's border and astride the sea lanes which bring Persian dull oil to Japan. In Afghanistan, 500 mile closer to the warm?water ports of the Indian Ocean and W the Straits of Honnus. Through which coma the oil essential to Western Europe. In the Horn of Africa, domtnating the southern approaches to the Iced Sea and the southern tip of the Arabian Peninsula In Southern Africa. The source of miner- als which we and other Industrlai nations must have. And In the Caribbean and Central Amer? Ica, on the very doorstep of the United Thb is not a bloodless war. Marxist-Lenln- Ist pollcla and tactics have unleashed the tour horses of the apocalypse-Famine, Pes- tilence, War and Death. Throughout the Third World we see fsraine In Africa, peatl- lence through chemical and biological agents b Afghanistan and Indochina, war on three continents, and death everywhere. Even as I speak, some 300,000 Soviet, Viet- namese, and Cuban troops are carrying out savage military operations directed at wiping out national rcs4tance In Afghani- stan, Kampuchea. Ethiopia, and several other oountrles. In the occupied countries-Afghanistan, Cambodia, Ethiopia. Angola, Nicaragua-in which Marxist regimes have been either lm- poeed or mtlntatned by external forces, there has occurred ? holoaust comparable to that which Nasl Germany intllL't!d to Europe some ~0 Tears ago. Borne four mU- lion Afghans. more than oae-quarter of the popuhtlon, have had to Ace their country. The Hetsirkl Watch tells us that they have fled because "the crime of lndlscrlrntnate war[arc are combined with the worst ex- cesses of unbridled state sanctdotned violence against civtllana." It cites evidence of "clvll- iaru burned alive, dynamited, beheaded: crushed Oy Soviet tanks; grenades thrown Into rooms where women and children have been told to walt.^ In Cambodia, two to three million people, something like one-quarter of the pre-ear population, have been killed in the moat vio- lent and brutal manner by both internal and external Marxist forces. In Ethiopia, a Marx4t military sovem- ment, supported with extensive military support from Mosww and thousands of Cuban troops, by aoltectlvtzing agriculture and keeping food prices low !n order to malntala urban support, has a:acerbated a famine which threatens the lied of m9lions of Its citizens. It has exploited the famine by using food as s weapon to forcibly relo- cate people fighting an oppressive govern- ment fn the north hundreds of mils to the south where there V no prrparation to re- ceive them. Tn urban areas, food rations are distributed through part? ce1L. killed oulc tr~lght ahminimumu of 1,000 fun er Somozs national guardsmen during the summer of 1879. In 2984, It forcibly relo- cated some 15,000 Mbklto Indians'to dete~- tion camps, forced many more to flee to rcf- ug?-a camps fn Honduras, and burned same 40 Indian v111ages. Lst month, the 8.indi? nW,as forcibly mould 60,000 campalnoa from areas close to the Hondtrrsn regiolts, burntag thtlr houses and kllllrlg their cattle. What is the Durpase of all this carnage, this creeping hnperlallsrat In my view, there arc two primary taraeta-the oil tlelds of the Middle East which are the lifeline of the Western Alliance, and .the Isthmus be- tween North and South America. AfghAnl- stan, South Yemen, Ethbpta. as well u Cam Ranh Bay b Vietnam, and Moram- blque and Mgola !n southern Africa, bring Soviet power utrlde the sea lanes which carry those nsourcxa to America, Europe and Japan CapabUitles to threaten the Panama Canal in tits short tens and Mexico in a somewhat longer term are being developed to Nicaragua where the 3andinlsta revolu- tion la the first successful Castrolte seizure o[ power on the American mainland. They have worked quietly and shadily toward their obJecUves of building the power of the state security apparatus, building the strongest armed lures b Centre] America. and becoming a center for exporting stibver- alon to Nicaragua's neighbors. The American intelligence convnunity over recent montiu unanimously rnncurred In four national estimates on ills military buildup, the consolldatioa and the obiec- tives of t1:e 6oviets and the Cubans and the Sandinistas (n Nicaragua If I were to boU the key judgments of those atlnrates down to a sfngle acntence ft would be this: The Soviet Union and Cuba have established and are consoildating a beachhead on the Amer- ican continent, are putttltg hundreds of mU- lions of dollars worth o[ military equipment into tt, and have begun to use It as a ltunch- tng pad to carry their style of aggressive subversion Into the rest of Central America and elsewhere in Latin America. Let me review quickly what has already happened In Nicaragua The Sandtnlatss have developed the best equipped mUitary b the region. They have an active strength of some 85,000 and a fully mobilized strength Including militia and reserves of nearly 140,000. These farces are equipped with Soviet tanks, armored vehicles, state of the art helicopters, patrol boas and an in- creasingly comprehensive air defense system. This gives the Sandlniatas a mlU- tary tapablUty tar beyond Lhat of any other Centel American nation and Indeed all Central AmeriL-art nations Dut together. In addition to the considerable military hardware, there are now an attmated 6,000 to 7.500 Cuban advistrs and several hundred other eommtmlats and radical personnel In Nicaragua assisting the regime b its mt11- tary buildup and !ts oonsolldation of power. The Communist goverzunent wader Cuban direction and suldance has been essential to helping the regime establish control over the media create propaganda mechanisms and neutralise the etfectlvenas of those who oppose the 8sndlnlsta totalitarianlsra Today, we see Nicaragua becoming to Cen- tral and Latin America what Iielrut was to the Middle East for allrtest 13 years since 1970 when Lebanon became the focal point for international and regional terrorists. Manasua's support for tralning of Central American subverslvea Is well documented- they support Salvadoran cammtullsts, pua- temalan communlsta, ndlca! ieftists b Caste Rica, and arc attempting to tnctease the number of radical leftist ttrrorlsta !n Honduras. More recent evidence !nd!cates Nicaraguan support tot some South Ameri- can terrorist groups and growing contacts with other international terorist groups. Yet, just last week the American congress refused to approve i14 million for people re- atsting communkt doaslnatbn of Nk~,arsgua. on the very day that a Soviet ship unloaded more than =14 mllllon worth of helicopters, East German trucks, and other milittry cargo at Corlnto, the principal port in Nica? rages. On the very next day, [Daniell Ortega, the Nicaraguan communht dictator, trav sled to Moscow to ask the Soviet Union to make 1200 mllllon available to him LO con- solidate a Lenini,t communist dlcta!onhip across a stretch of Isnd which srpa:ates South Amerip from North America This development in our immediat. ne~gh~ borhond should not be t?tew?ed in iFO!atlon but to a part of a worldwide process which has already worked In Europe, Africa. Asia and Latin AmPrfra, Approved For Release 2009/09/18 :CIA-RDP87M00539R002203530054-5 re you an,nsig!~t o~ now a!i Approved For Release 2009/09/18: CIA-RDP87M00539R002203530054-5 Vol. 131 WASHINGTON, THURSDAY, MARCH 7, 1985 No. 27 ZongffsBiona1 Rrord COURTER INTRODUCES RESOLU- TION GRANTING POLITICAL RECOGNITION TO DEMOCRAT- IC RESISTANCE OF NICARA- GUA HON. JIM COURTER Or 111W JERSEY IN THE HOUSE OP REPRESENTATIVES Thursday, March 7, 1985 ? Mr. COURTER. Mr. Speaker, situa- tion in Nicaragua parallels the situa- tion of 1979. when the Somoza govern- ment was still in power. A dangerous armed conflict is going on while the dictatorial government resists the op- position's call for freedom, human rights, and democracy. Last Saturday, the political and mili- tary elements of Nicaragua's demo- cratic opposition united in a broad coa- lition to call for peace and a negotiat- ed transition to democracy. This initia- tive offers the best hope for national reconciliation in Nicaragua, and it is based on the respect for human rights and democracy that we all share. I have drafted a resolution which calls on the President and our neigh- bors in the Organization of American States to support this peace initiative. and calls on the `President to grant "explicit political recognition" to the Nicaraguan resistance. To call for rec- ognition is not to call for U.S. with- drawal of recognition of the Sandinis- tas, nor does it imply abandonment of Contadora or other international talks. It simply asks that the President demonstrate, in whichever manner he finds appropriate, that the United States sides with Nicaragua's demo- crats. and supports their plan to fulfill the democratic aspirations of the Nica- raguan people. I am pleased to be joined by the fol- lowing Members who have cospon- sored this resolution: Representatives McEwzn, HAMMERSCHMIDT, STUMP, McCanv, HOPKINS, YOUNG of Alaska, RAsrcx, GALLO, HYDE, MILLER of Washington, SoLoMoN, EDwARDs of Oklahoma, HuNrER, SIUANnza, MoLtx- ARI, GILMAN, DonNAN, DEWrxs, MCCOLLUM. STRANG. SAXTON, GIxG- RICH, Bn.ntas:Is, BADHAM, WORTLEY, WESER, BURTON of Indiana, RITTER, LUNGREN, CRANE, CAMPBELL, REMP, SsIITH of Oregon, BARTON, WALKER, LEWIS of California, MACH, LoTT, DICKINSON, DAVIS, SENSENBRENNER, SHEEN, DANNE- MEYER, DAUB, SPENCE, MCGRATH, DREIER, GREGO, LOEFFLER, STANGELAND, ROGERS, LowERY, and ARCHER. The text of the resolution follows: Whereas the Organization of American States, in its XVII Meeting of Consultation of Ministers of Foreign Affairs on June 23, 1979 approved a resolution which deprived the Somosa government of its legitimacy; Whereas this action was taken to alleviate suffering, to end armed conflict, and pro- mote human rights In Nicaragua, and to remove a threat to regional stability; Whereas the Organization of American States resolution called for the following: "1. Immediate and definitive replacement of the Sosnara regime. "2. Installation in Nicaraguan territory of a democratic government, the composition of which should include the principal repre- sentative groups which oppose the Somoza regime and which reflects the free win of the people of Nicaragua. "3. Guarantee of the respect for human rights of all Nicaraguans without exception. "4. The holding of free elections as soon as possible, that will lead to the establish- ment of a truly democratic government that guarantees peace, freedom, and justice."; Whereas on July 12, 1979 the ruling junta of the Provisional Oorerlnnent of national Roconstrnction, formed by the Sandinista National Liberation F! ont of Nicaragua, wrote to the Organization of American States and promised "to establish full re- spect for human rights," "to enforce civil Justice." and to conduct In Nicaragua "the first free elections that our country will have in this century"; Whereas the Sandinista government of Nicaragua has proclaimed its allegiance to Marxism-Leninism; Whereas the Sandinistas have restricted freedom of expression, travel, worship and assembly, have failed to, guarantee civil Jus- tice. and have failed to conduct tree and fair elections; Whereas these policies expressly violate the pledges made to the Organization of American States In the letter of July 12, 1979-, Whereas the Sandinista government now threatens regional peace and the human rights of the Nicaraguan people; Whereas the military conflict between the Sandinista government and its domestic op- ponents is rooted in political causes and will only be resolved by the establishment of de- mocracy in Nicaragua; Whereas political and military forces op- posing the Sandinista government of Nica- ragua have formed a broad coalition; Whereas the "Document of the Nicara- guan Resistance concerning National Dia- logue." Issued at San Jose, Costa Rica on March 2, 1985 calls for a peaceful, negotiat- ed transition to democracy and national rec- onciltatton In Nicaragua; and Whereas the cause of the Nicaraguan Re- sistance is Just and worthy of support by all democrats of the Americas: Now, therefore, be It Resolved by the House of Representatives (the Senate concurring), That the Congress- (1) reaffirms the declaration of the Orga- nization of American States, made on June 23, 1979, that the solution to Nicaragua's political problems is "within the exclusive Jurisdiction of the people of Nicaragua"; (2) urges the President to grant explicit political recognition to the democratic Nica. raguan Resistance; and (3) urges the President and all the mem- bers of the Organization of American States to support the Nicaraguan Resistance In its quest for peace, human rights, free elections and national reconciliation.. Approved For Release 2009/09/18: CIA-RDP87M00539R002203530054-5 I Approve For Release 2009/09/18--RD 00539R002203530054-5 May, 1985 Nicaragua's Military Buildup: Fact or Fiction? Few will deny that Nicaragua's revolutionary government has conducted a military buildup without parallel in the Central American region. Does it matter? Other nations have military power in the Americas, but we don't consider then all to be threats to ourselves or our neighbors. The judqnent boils down to the question of intentions,- and this is the first sticking point in American debates about Nicaragua. Some view Nicaragua as a willing supporter of Soviet imperialism, a base for foreign subversion and terrorism, and a Ccurnunist dictatorship in the process of consolidating power. Others, while at times disappointed in Sandinista "mistakes and excesses," believe that Nicaragua seeks only peaceful, democratic development of its economy and society. By their own statements, the Nicaraguan rulers do believe in democratic and progressive change. But what do they mean by these terms? A Nicaraguan official touring the Soviet Union in March 1985 used the word "democratic" in the following context: "The USSR's successes in building carmunism, in bringing up a new man have always and will remain an inspiring example for the Nicaraguan people building a democratic society." "Progressive change" takes on a similarly novel meaning in a Nicaraguan-Soviet communique, issued in April 1980, condemning "the campaign by imperialist and reactionary forces to increase international tension around the events in Afghanistan." The canruunique said that this campaign seeks to "stifle the inalienable right of the people of.. .Afghanistan. . . to follow the road of progressive change." These statements represent just two selected elaborations of the Marxist-Leninist philosophy that Sandinista rulers admit to be the guiding-theory behind their revolution. Other examples abound, showing a full Sandinista commitment to the revolutionary ideology of the Soviet Union and its client states. It is this revolutionary commitment which threatens Nicaragua's neighbors, especially when it is backed up by a large military force. In response to this, the claim is often made that the Sandinista military buildup is defensive in character. Were it not for the growing military opposition in Nicaragua, it is said, the Sandinistas would not need the military capability that they now have. These arguments would be more persuasive if the Sandinistas had forces of a size and character which conform to purely defensive needs. But they do not: instead, they have acquired forces which are far better suited to intimidating or attacking their neighbors than to defeating the threat of 15,000 freedom fighters in the mountains of Nicaragua. Even before the armed opposition emerged in early 1982, the Sandinistas planned and commenced their military buildup. By 1982, they had built a force of nearly 50,000 troops, exceeding by over three times the peak strength of the National Guard of right-wing dictator Anastasio Somoza, who was overthrown in 1979. Today, their forces include over 119,000 troops, with an active duty force of over 62,000. Congressman Jim Courtor Is Now Jersey's only member on Me House Armed Sorvlas Committso. 4 Approved For Release 2009/09/18: CIA-RDP87M00539R002203530054-5 Approved For Release 2009/09/18: CIA-RDP87M00539R002203530054-5 THE TRENTONIAN DECEMBER 13, 1984 Courier: Aid Nicaraguan Rebels By DAVID J. LYNCH States News Service WASHINGTON - Just back from a whirlwind tour of six Central American countries in five days, Rep. Jim Courter said yesterday the United States should re- sume funding the anti-Sand- inista rebels in Nicaragua. Prompted by reports of direct Central Intelljpce Agency involvement in the mining of N;caragua's har- bors, Congress in October cut off aid to the so-called "contras." But Courter said U.S. help was needed to prevent an- other Cuba. "It becomes viv- idly clear to me that you have a Marxist government in Nicaragua that is tighten- ing the yoke," he said. "inevitably, as time goes by, fewer and fewer freedoms will be permitted by that government," said Courter, a member of the House Armed Services Committee. "Whether they admit it or not, they will follow the Cuban model in creating a closed society," he warned. Courter and two other committee members, Reps. Beverly Byron, D-Md., and Buddy Darden, D-Ga., jour- neyed to El Salvador, Hon- duras, Guatemala, Nicaragua, Costa Rica and Belize. While in Managua, the Hackettstown Republican met with Sandinista leader Daniel Ortega and leaders of the Nicaraguan opposition. In El Salvador, the four-term lawmaker met with top of- ficials of the Salvadoran mil- itary. Courter also accused the Nicaraguans of supplying arms to the anti-government rebels in El Salvador. The New Jersey congressman, who speaks Spanish, said he had taken "personal testi- mony" from individuals who had witnessed the arrival of arms shipments. "There is some photo- graphic evidence we've had in the Armed Services Com- mittee," he added. Courter conceded, how- ever, that the photgraphs - purportedly showing Nicaraguans transferring arms to El Salvadoran guerillas - were often of .poor quality. After . talking with El Salvadoran military officials, Courter said he was en- couraged about the situation in that strife-torn nation. "Most people feel the mili- tary situation there is marginally better than it was six months ago," he said. But Courter cautioned that the situation in El Salvador remains extremely fluid. "It's a long, difficult, painful haul," he said. Higher levels of American aid won't be required, Courter said. But greater public awareness of the dan- ger from continued turmoil and instability in Central` America will be, he added. l Approved For Release 2009/09/18: CIA-RDP87M00539R002203530054-5 Approved For Release 2009/09/18: CIA-RDP87M00539R002203530054-5 'April 2, 1985 783 words 1985-13 By Rep. Jim Courter Jim Courter (R.-N.J.), now serving his fourth term in the House, is a member of the Armed Services Commmittee. This address is an expanded version of remarks delivered as a guest commentary over "Radio America." The secretary-general of the "Nicaraguan Association for Friendship with the Socialist Countries" was on an official visit to the Soviet Union a few weeks ago. He made a pronouncement about what he called the "progressive transformation" of his homeland, and praised the USSR for its "fraternal support" which "infuses tt' Nicaraguan people with confidence of the ultimate victory of odr revolution." Then he went further: "The USSR's successes in building communism, in bringing up a new man, have always been and will remain an inspiring example for the Nicaraguan people building a democratic society." That may sound like a strange use of the word "democratic." it ought to. It is. But saying "democratic" and meaning "communist" has become something of a Sandinista specialty. A year ago this month the Minister of Planning, Henry Ruiz, was visiting the East Germans and praising their educational system--one of the world's most militarized--as a model for "a new democratic education system in Nicaragua." But it was in the summer of 1979, when Somoza was nearing his end, that talk of democracy, pluralism, freedom, and human rights was most to be heard. The Sandinistas were courting world opinion: They marshalled their words as carefully as their soldiers, and many people were eager to believe them. The Organization of American States, (OAS) of which the U.S. is a member, took the unprecedented action of demanding the end of a regime--Somoza's, and its replacement with a democratic government. The Sandinistas replied to the OAS with a letter on July 12, 1979. It was replete with promises, all since broken. They promised "full respect for human rights." Instead, Nicaraguans have endured a one-party dictatorship, and the fullest range of legal deprivations. The country has witnessed: - The forced relocation of thousands of Miskito Indians; - The flight from the country of tens of thousands of other Approved For Release 2009/09/18: CIA-RDP87M00539R002203530054-5 Approved For Release 2009/09/18: CIA-RDP87M00539R002203530054-5 Nicaraguans; - a draft which can put 13-year old boys into battle after as little as 8 days of training; - pressure on parents to send their children to Cuba's cadre- building schools; - elaborate literacy programs, but little to read apart from Marxist literature; - Steady harassment of opposition figures, and of the only surviving non-Party newspaper, La Presna; - Unabashed persecution of the church in a country that is deeply Catholic, including the infiltration of religious groups, crude abuse of priests, attempts to control the texts of sermons, and the presentation, in childrens' school books, of vicious caricatures of the religious orders. (I would hesitate to report such things second- hand, but I visited Nicaragua in December, and I saw them.) r The Sandinistas promised "civil justice," too. But how can it be guaranteed where there is no civil law, no constitution? Government is by decree, and the so-called "People's Courts" have no independence from the political authorities. Therefore, a minority has no protection from the majority. A man has no defense against the police. A citizen has no means of resisting the powers of the local "Committees for the Defense of the Revolution," which can compel attendance at meetings, and withhold ration cards, and which function as an arm of the East German and Cuban-dominated secret police. There is a name for a political construction such as this. And it is not "democracy." It is hardly surprising that the Nicaraguan people have had enough. The ranks of the grimly dissatisfied grow every day, and with them, the ranks of the Contras, of whom there are now over 12,000. For every Somoza loyalist among them, there are a dozen peasants, small land-holders, city dwellers, and disillusioned Sandinistas. At a momentous meeting in San Jose, Costra Rica, this past March 3, the resistance leaders met, unified, and produced a declaration of common aspirations, a "Document on National Dialogue of the Nicaraguan Resistance." it calls for a cease-fire, an end to the state of emergency, and peace talks. It puts forward a detailed and thoughtful agenda for a transition to democracy. I believe this peace initiative deserves every measure of American support. I have introduced into the House of Representatives, and 59 of my colleagues have signed, a resolution asking President Reagan to grant some form of political recognition to the Contras. The resolution also asks the members of the Organization of American States to re-enter the diplomatic arena in which they played such a part in 1979, and support the Contras' efforts to engage Approved For Release 2009/09/18: CIA-RDP87M00539R002203530054-5 Approved For Release 2009/09/18: CIA-RDP87M00539R002203530054-5 the Sandinistas in meaningful negotiations. For five years, the Nicaraguan people have walked the way of the Sandinistas. That path has taken them to places as dark and harsh as any they knew with Somoza. Today, at last, there may be another way. There may be a democratic way. SIe tui Ha~~~ ird Public Research, Syndicated Approved For Release 2009/09/18: CIA-RDP87M00539R002203530054-5 JIM COURTER NEW JERSEY Approved For Release 2009/09/18: CIA-RDP87M00539R002203530054-5 Congress of the United States %ouue of Rtpresentativeu I1aohinlton, PC 20515 March 21, 1985 Dear Colleague: The democratic opposition of Nicaragua has united and offered a very promising peace proposal to the Sandinistas -- a proposal to negotiate an end to the civil war and a transition to democracy. This proposal seeks to fulfill the original promise of the Sandinista revolution, a promise of pluralistic, democratic government which was made to the OAS in July 1979. The proposal is described in the Washington Post editorial printed below. Unfortunately, the Sandinista reaction has been hostile. Arturo Cruz, the former Sandinista ambassador to the US, tried to go to Nicaragua to discuss the peace proposal, but was barred from entering his country. The heads of opposition political parties inside Nicaragua were rounded up and told they could have no contact with Cruz and his associates. The Sandinistas claim that the CIA is behind this entire enterprise, and is seeking to have Cruz return to Nicaragua, have him murdered and have the murder blamed on the Sandinistas. Daniel Ortega's current peace offensive should be examined in light of his refusal to negotiate with the Nicaraguan Resistance. It is doubtful that the Sandinistas, who have already violated their promises to the OAS, will ever negotiate seriously in any international forum such as Contadora if they refuse to meet their own countrymen who offer a cease-fire and a negotiated transition to democracy. The Nicaraguan Resistance deserves our moral support. I have introduced a resolution, H. Con. Res. 81, which urges President Reagan to grant explicit political recognition to the Nicaraguan Resistance, and urges the President and all members of the OAS to support the Resistance's effort to engage the Sandinistas in meaningful negotiations. If you would like to join the 59 cosponsors of this resolution, or if you have questions, please contact Phil Peters of my office at 5-5801. M COURTER ember of Congress i15 WWY. MA 17,198-5 A Fair Offer to the ' Sandinistas HE SANDLNLSTAS claim the crisis in Nia- The Sandinistas' initial response to the proposal T ragua arias from their conflict with the was to bar Arturo Cruz from returning to Niara- UnitedStates This is not as It arises in the gua to announce it and to summon some of ip local first iastaace from their conflict with their fellow supporters to state swurity headquarters on citizens especially with the democratic people who grounds that they were participating in a US- fought the Samoa dictatorship. whose leaders sponsored plot to overthrow the Sandinista govern- seived the S is+a? in the early period and who meat. Think of it An offer by the opposition to put turned against the Sandinistas only when they down arrm and to start talking about achieving the found the democratic praane of the revolution Sandinistas' own early promises is dismissed as a being denied. This needs to be understood in order hostile conspiracy. to see the importance of the offer the democrats How do the Sandinistas intend to =plain to the have just made to the Managua regime. Nicaraguan people a refusal to enter a dialogue on The otter mares from a newly, finally unified group such a reasonable basis? How can any other indepenr including the political opposition led by Art um Cntz dent-minded Latin that eJ ale Cuba? and major branches d the armed resistance. Its es- -fatl to support this proposal? In 0 Salvador, the sence is a proposal for a unilateral cease-fire by the goverranent accepted a dialogue without even getting comm to be followed by a political dialogue presided a cease-tae in return. The government in Nicaragua over by the bishops The proposal a, in our view, en- is being offered a better deal Pierhaps it will think titely fair and reasonable. The Sandinistas protest the again before delivering a find rejection. war? Here is an offer to stop it. How must they pay? And-the inevitable question--if the reji.tion is Only by joining a process that points to the original final? No doubt some will argue that the Ssudinia- goals d their own revolution. Their own man, Dan- tors' failure to take the fifer seriously makes Amer- id Ortega. can remain president as the process un- loan support of the contra unarguable. The draft. folds. The proposal offers more than a chance for ers of the Nicaraguan opposition proposal, bow- national reconciliation. It lets Nicaraguans remove ever, are shying away from that clltim. Desperate- their fate from foreign hands and restore it to Nica- ly. they are mating a 'last effort to grant to our raga an bands alone. country a civilized solution'. Approved For Release 2009/09/18: CIA-RDP87M00539R002203530054-5 COMMITTEES: ARMED SERVICES SELECT COMMITTEE ON AGING Approved For Release 2009/09/18: CIA-RDP87M00539R002203530054-5 Vol. 131 WASHINGTON, WEDNESDAY, APRIL 17, 1985 No. 45 congressional `Record NICARAGUAN ALLIES (Mr. COURTER asked and was given permission to address the House for 1 minute and to revise and extend his remarks.) Mr. COURTER. Mr. Speaker, a West German linked to the Baader-Meinhof gang is a counterintelligence officer in the Nicaraguan Army. Another com- mands an artillery battalion. Five Ital- ians, all former Red Brigade leaders, serve as noncommissioned officers in the Nicaraguan Army. A Basque ETA terrorist awaits trial in Costa Rica on charges of attempting to assassinate Contra commander Eden Pastora. Both Spain and Italy have formally protested the sanctuary Nicaragua 'kives to several dozen European leftist militants. Before coming to power in 1979, San- dinistas trained and fought beside ex- perienced guerrillas in Central Amer- ica and the Middle East. Relations with Cuba and the PLO were especial- ly close. Today, "proletarian interna- tionalism" deems that the governors of Nicaragua make returns for services rendered. The Swiss Review of World Affairs has called Nicaragua the PLO's "most important base on the Latin American mainland." Ties to Colonel Qadhafi are strong, as infusions of Libyan money and armaments have proven. The Sandinistas are linked to terror- ists in Chile, Colombia. El Salvador, and other Latin countries. Americans cannot afford not to notice. According to the FBI, fully two-thirds of the terrorist attacks in this country. in 1983 were linked to Latin America. Furthermore, compel- ling evidence links Sandinista officials to narcotics sales in U.S. black mar- kets. As debate about our Central Ameri- can policies continues, we should not forget the Nicaraguan hand in the international terror network. Approved For Release 2009/09/18: CIA-RDP87M00539R002203530054-5 Approved For Release 2009/09/18: CIA-RDP87M00539R002203530054-5 ? .Vol. 131 WASHINGTON, WEDNESDAY, APRIL 3, 1985 No. 41 Zongrcssional Record EUROPEANS RALLY TO NICARAGUAN RESISTANCE HON. JIM COURTER OF NEW JERSEY IN THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES Tuesday, April 2, 1985 Mr. COURTER. Mr. Speaker, as the original sponsor of House Concurrent Resolution 81, which calls upon both President Reagan and the Organiza- tion of American States to extend ex- plicit political recognition to the Nica- raguan resistance. I was gratified to see that distinguished Western Euro- peans are equally interested in doing more to hold the Sandinistas to the promises about democracy they so freely made in 1979. A partial list of these European statesmen. soldiers, and scholars has been assembled by Mr. Bill Outlaw for the Washington Times, and was print- ed by that newspaper on March 28, 1985. I commend it to those of my col- leagues who share my interest in ob- taining a just resolution of the Nicara- guan war. EUROPEANS RALLT TO NICARAGUAN RESISTANCE (By Bill Outlaw) A group of European intellectuals and politicians. Including several leaders of the resistance to the Nazis during World War II, have signed a petition calling on Congress to provide aid for the anti-Sandinista resist- ance. The "problem of Central America.is also a European problem." they say. The, petition was published as an open letter to Congress in many European news- papers earlier. including the Paris daily Le Monde. Le Soir of Belguim. La Stampa of Italy and De Telegraph 'of the Netherlands. A group of the signers, Including Vladimir Boukovsky, the Soviet dissident who lives now in France, will come to the United States Tuesday to present personal pleas for aid to the Nicaraguan resistance. "The freedom of the Nicaraguans is also your freedom. as it is ours," the petition as- serts. "If you fail 14 Nicaragua, we must ask. where will you fall text? If freedom and do- mocracy are not worth defending in your own hemisphere. 'where are they vQorth de- fending? The free world awaits your answer. Its enemies are waiting too." Among the signers are Winston Churchill, a member of the British Parliament and grandson of the World War II prime minis. ter; Lord Chalfont, a former British foreign minister; playwright Eugene Ionesco; French author Jean-Francols Revel; former Australian Prime Minister Malcolm Fraser, and Robert Conquest, the British historian. The visiting delegation of about 12 has re- quested a meeting with the president during next week's visit, said a Reagan adminstra- tion official. lie t',: `.`:cite House was pleased with the support and the prestige 01 those sign- ing the petition was impressive. The petition and the pending U.S. visit are the latest in what has become an In- tense lobbying effort in a battle between the Reagan administration and those op- posed to a proposed $14 million appropria- tion for Nicaraguan resistance. Last month, a delegation of lawmakers from several European countries visited the U.S. to lobby against funding Nicaraguan resistance. That delegation met with mem- bers of Congress and registered objections to the Reagan administration policy in Cen- tral America at meetings in the State De- partment. The petition argues that the aid is neces- sary because the Sandinista junta is a totali- tarian regime which since its inception has "declared its aim to be the incorporation of Central America into a single Marxist-Len- inist entity." The petition also contends the resumption of the aid is "necessary morally" because Western countries must be "forthright in support for those who are struggling to gain the rights which your own Declaration of Independence declares are inalienable and. therefore, possessed by. all men." The petitioners describe Central America as Europe's "Fifth Frontier." To deny aid to those who seek freedom in Central America, they argue. "is to deny the meaning of your own country." It says the United States would be placed in a difficult strategic position In dealing with the Soviet Union should the aid be suspended. The trip to the United States and the pub- lished statements in connection with the pe- tition are sponsored by Resistance Interna- tional, a Paris-based human rights, anti- communist organization. Others who signed the petition include former North Atlantic Treaty Organization Gen. Robert Close; Cuban poet Armando Valladares; Marie Madeleine Fourcade, chairman of the Action Committee of the French Resistance during World War II, and former French Prime Minister Jacques Chabin Delmas. Also, Italian publisher Massimo Pini; Mar- celle Lentz Cornette, of Luxembourg, a member of the European Parliament; Simon Wiesenthal, of Austria, president of the Documentation Center on Jews persecuted by the Nazi regime; writer Leif Hovelsen, a Norwegian Resistance Fighter during World War II, and Joseph Luns, former secretary general of NATO. Approved For Release 2009/09/18: CIA-RDP87M00539R002203530054-5