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Approved For Release 2006/12/19: CIA-RDP88-01315 000200110003-5 THE NEW YORK TIMES,.SUIVDAY, OCTOBER 9. 1977 n ivers it y : ~?? C.I.A. Extnt'bf tJ Y ------------ By JO THOMAS Special to The New York Times -? WASHINGTON, Oct. 8-Despite three, ays of Congressional hearings, no one et knows the degree to which some of -e nation's most prominent universities -ere. compromised in the Central Intelli.- oence Agency's secret mind-control re- earch In the 1950's and 1960's..? ? - ' Adm. Stansfield Turner, the Director h d Central Intelligence, said in Congres- ional ' testimony last August 'that the =.L:. covertly sponsored research at 80 -istitutions.. including 44 ? colleges 'and niversities,? from 1953 to 1963. The re- eareh was . part of the ,project code-. amed MK-ULTRA, which sought to con- rol human behavior through such means s hypnosis, drugs and brainwashing. The Senate Health Subcommittee, which wanted to hear the academicians'1 eaction, quietly invited the presidents; f 'Winstitutions to testify at its hearings; ept. 20 and 21. Only one president ac-td not scheduled to testify wa li s ; e ecause all the others declined, explain-' no, that they had previous engagements. The .list of the 80 institutions given 4 Senate investigators is still. classified, ut each of those institutions has been _otified separately by the-C.I.A. that in oome -way, knowingly or unknowingly. e played host to C.I.A. research, and 26 olleges and universities have acknowl- dged this publicly. - . i -,-.Research Varied. Inquiries at these institutions disclosed hat C.I.A. research on campus varied rom innocuous sociological surveys to ests aimed at finding better ways to ad- iinister drugs to unsuspecting subjects. The attitudes of current administrators ikewise ran the gamut from outrage to indifference:: The passage of time, more than 20 years :i some cases; the C.I.A.'s secretiveness .using the project and the fragmentary iature of the records the C.I.A. has made vailable to universities have combined, of what happened difficult or impossible. At many universities, money for these i erojects, was channeled through founda-: ions so that neither the university nor he professor doing the research knew lie true sponsor or purpose of the work. ociological, cultural and anthropological tudies were financed through the Society for the Investigation of Human Ecology, -ased at Cornell University. Biochemical nd medical research was often financed hrough the Geschickter Fund for Medical esearch Inc., headed by. Dr. Charles Ges- hickter,. a Georgetown University, -pa Sense of Injury ".1 feel that I've been done an injury, personally, by the C.I.A.," said Dr. Antho- ny J. Wiener, who in 1937 received a $12,000 grant from the Society for Investigation of Human Ecology. At. t:me Dr. Wiener was a guest at the I. sachusetts Institute of Technolo'iy's ter for International Studies; wi -Herman Kahn, he later wrote the "The Year 2000." "I would not have lent myself kind of deception, and I don't thin should have practiced any sort of tion on me," " Dr. Wiener said. When he first heard about the s Dr. Wiener said, he was lookii money with which..to continue a of the social role of Soviet scit Twenty years later he learned tl: .C.I.A. hoped to find out "what i can be developed in spotting and ing such persons as potential agi cruits" from his study.. . . "They- made no attempt to poi in that direction," Dr. Wiener said I never gave them any material for Eying potential defectors. That was interest at all." 7 Projects at Stanford "We've been made guinea pigs, said Robert Freelen, director of g rent relations at Stanford, which tingly lent its name to seven C.I. search projects. These ranged from vey of the literature on human groups to a project that simply chat money to a psychiatrist, a.nieml ,the Stanford clinical faculty, who ii paid for such enterprises as a sun the ways in which criminals gave, to the unsuspecting.. -- ?`~ . -_The Stanford?projects were fine 1 either through foundations' or tt payments made directly to clinical f .members, thus bypassing the univ Mr. Freelen said he was not sur the university could guard agains .in the future. -"Obviously there's',d to how much investigation you cait-do on the sources of funds and their credibil- ity," he said. "If they lie and you believe; I don't know how that problem.- gets solved." .. . 1 -. Stanford has been making public every piece of information it 'can gather about its past involvement with the C.LA.'s mind control research. It,was the first institution with any major, Involvement' In the program: to dd so, although' the: University of Denver. which hosted a 'small experiment ? in . hypn9siso tracked.: down those details with vigor and made For. Release 20ltpl:5'I?~~3'ROD~}20017000 Is,,~Iard to Pin Down STAT