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Document Creation Date: 
December 16, 2016
Document Release Date: 
October 4, 2004
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Publication Date: 
July 21, 1978
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PDF icon CIA-RDP88-01315R000300090032-8.pdf102.41 KB
3Approved For Releas/ %IA-RDP88-01315R(iD93?032 8 1 JULY 1978 INTELLIGENCE CHARTER HEARINGS:' Harvard head slams CM By JEFFREY WOLFF Special to The Daily Select Committee on Intelligence Activities yesterday, Harvard University President Derek Bok asked Congress to put a stop to Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) "operational activities" on college campuses which include "covert recruiting." Bok's request came as a result of CIA refusal to abide by those provisions in the Harvard guidelines concerning university relationships with intelligence agencies. BOK OFFERED the Select Committee several let- ters from CIA Director Stanfield Turner which state that the Agency cannot abide by Harvard's restrictions on CIA covert recruiting and other operational ac- tivities at the prestigious university. .,,.The relationship between U.S. foreign intelligence agencies and universities must be structured in ways that protect the integrity of universities and the academic profession and safeguard the freedom and objectivity of scholarship," said Bok. The Select Committee solicited Bok's testimony as part of its hearings dealing with the Senate's proposed intelligence charter (S. 2525) which seeks, for the first time since the National Security Act of 1947; to define and control the activities of U.S. intelligence agencies. This was the time the Select Committee has invited academics to testify on CIA campus activities. operational activities of intelligence agencies" refers to the publicized policy by the CIA of encouraging professors doing research abroad to provide the CIA with sensitive infor- mation. In addition, some professors have had contracts, unknown to their colleges or sometimes to the ad- ministration, with the CIA In which they used their academic cover to ob- tain particular information desired by tireintelligenceagencv: THE' HARVARD president was -highly critical of the CIA's attitude that it did not have to abide. by Harvard's rules. He argued,_that the CIA is har- dly the appropriate arbiter to weigh (national security)' needs against the legitimate concerns of academic freedom," Also giving testimony-was Morton Baratz, former General Secretary of the American-Association of University Professors and now vice chancellor for academic affairs at the University of Maryland. Baratz stressed the importance of guidelines in giving each university the, J chance to set its own rules. However, he criticized the proposed charter for not HARVARD AND several other universities adopted banning covert recruitment and also. guidelines after recent revelations that the CIA has , recommended that "intelligence agen- used professors to recruit and gather inforn'fhtion about students attending American universities, It has been revealed that this often entails a summary of the student's political views, financial situation and social habits. Records were typically kept without the I student's knowledge or consent. These CIA files were often retained by the agency whether or not the student was approached with a job of- fer. Foreign students are known to be frequent subjects of CIA covert, recruiting. And the information on the student has often been used to pressure the individual into spying for the CIA on his countrymen both in the U.S. and at home. SET OF guidelines for relations between the University of MiicT>gan and U.S. int igence agencies will be pprroooseeddatthe September faculty enatS a Assembl meeting. ' 'Bok supported the prohibition of such covert recruitment in the Harvard guidelines by citing'the need for "trust and candor to promote the free and open exchange of ideas and information essential to inquiry and learning." The prohibition on "participation and cies be prohibited from using as sour- ces of operational assistance in foreign countries, all academics travelling abroad." He supported this complete ban by arguing the need to remove any reason for suspicion among foreign gover- nments that an American professor is motivated by reason other than his purely professional interest. THE THIRD witness, Richard Abrams, testifying in his capacity as chairman of the Statewide Committee on Academic Freedom for the Univer- sity of California, supported the other witnesses advocating an end to covert relationships. But. Abrams, whose committee has recently completed a study of relations between California and U.S. intelligen- ce agencies, suggested the CIA cultivate academic relationships "freely open basis." Approved For Release 2004/10/13 : CIA-RDP88-01315R000300090032-8