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Approved For Release 2006/12/19: CIA-RDP88-01315 - THE NEW YORK TIMES,?SUNDAY. OCTOBER 9. 1977 -.Exten t- o f University or..- or CIA By .JO THOMAS Special to the Xe's York Times !! WASHINGTON, Oct. S-Despite three !days of Congressional hearings, no one Iyet knows the degree to which some of I the nation's most prominent universities .Is,~Iazd to Pin Down were. compromised in the Central Intelli- Sense of Injury Adm. Stansfield Turner, the Director ny f)VL.JUJJUAIiV VV LAIC .,.,.h., SHIU i vIU W ny J. . Wiener, who in 1937 received a of Central Intelligence, said in Congres- $12 000 grant from the Society for the , sional testimony last August 'that the! Investigation of Human Ecology. At.that" C.I.A. covertly sponsored research at 80 t'me Dr. Wiener was a guest at the P institutions, including 44 -colleges and 4 sachusetts Institute of Technology's = universities,. from 1953 to 1963. The re- 7 search was part of the .project .code-. -Herman Kahn, he later wrote th named MK-ULTRA, which sought to con- "The Year 2000." trol human behavior through such means "I would not have lent mvself, ? as hypnosis, drugs and brainwashing. kind of deception, and I don`t thir The .. Senate Health Subcommittee, . should have practiced any sort of which wanted to hear the academicians' tion on me," Dr. Wiener said. reaction, quietly invited the presidents) When he first heard about the s of 20'institutions to testify at its hearings Dr. Wiener said, he was lookii money with which-to continue a Sept. 20 and 21. Only one president ac- of the social role of Soviet scii cepted; he was not scheduled to testify Twenty years later he learned tk because all the others declined, explain C.I.A. hoped to find out "what i ing that they had previous engagements; can be developed in spotting and The .list of the 80 institutions given ing such persons as potential ag( but each of those institutions has been that Inoue no diLCUIPt. to aU, in that direction," Dr. Wiener said notified separately by the-C.T.A. that in I never gave them any material for some way, knowingly or unknowingly. fying potential defectors. That was it played host to C.I.A. research, and 26 interest at all." colleges and universities have acknowl- 7 Projects at Stanford edged this publicly. ' - . "We've been made guinea pigs, Research Vai?ied said Robert Freelen, director of g merit relations at Stanf rd hi h I o w c , Inquiries at these institutions disclosed tingly lent its name to seven C.I. that C.I.A. resew rch on campus varied search projects. These ranged from from innocuous sociological surveys to vey of the literature on human tests aimed at finding better ways to ad. groups to a project that simply chai minister drugs to unsuspecting subjects; money to a psychiatrist, a . mewl the Stanford clinical faculty, who ii The attitudes of current administrators paid for such enterprises as a sir` 'ikewise ran the gamut from outrage to the ways in which criminals gave indifference. to the unsuspecting.. The passage of time, more than 20 years The Stanford -projects were fin n some cases; the .C.I.A.'s secretiveness . luring the P rojeci and the fragmentary either through e io clinic tl o payments made directly tly to c clcal f iature of the records the C.I.A. has made members, thus bypassing the univ available to universities have combined, Mr. Freelen said he wvas not sur n most-cases, to make a reconstruction the university could guard again: ossible in the future.- "Obviously there's',s 3f what happened difficult or im p . At many universities, money for these to how much investigation you cart on the sources of funds and their credibil- Drojects- was channeled through founds- ity," he said. "If they lie and you believe, ions so that neither the university nor I don't know how that problem- gets. lie professor doing the research knew solved." lie true sponsor or purpose of the work. Stanford has been making public every ociological, cultural and anthropological piece of information it 'can gather about tudies were financed through the Society its past involvement with the C.I.A.'s :).r the Investigation of Human Ecology, mind control research., It, was the first ased at Cornell University. Biochemical institution with any major, involvement' _nd medical research was often financed in the program' to dd so, although' the' hrough the Geschickter Fund for Medical University of Denver; which hosted a : _esearch Inc., headed by. Dr. Charles Ges- hickter.. a ._Georgetown University. -pa small experiment in hypnosis, tracked: down those details with vigor and made! STAT ST~T STAT the For Release 200' I ~~~ 9: tfb- tF1-a t=5 O'003OOl 3000k