Document Type: 
Document Number (FOIA) /ESDN (CREST): 
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Original Classification: 
Document Page Count: 
Document Creation Date: 
December 16, 2016
Document Release Date: 
September 21, 2004
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Case Number: 
Publication Date: 
October 26, 1974
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PDF icon CIA-RDP88-01315R000300220004-4.pdf117.73 KB
Z r2. nl Wi ~ r GH N 1 f e 9 ZZ22 xSF :.A..,... Approved For Release R-OWT0h p 3 :uCiA-R 88-01315R000~3002~s& - y 2 OCT1574 r 30th general assembly - asks Ford to identify papers that ot CIA money The 30th general assembly of the Inter in Conception, and El Rancaguino in Ran- American Press Association in Caracas, cagua, that such payments had been made Venezuela, last week vigorously con- to them. demned the reported CIA "support" of the The general assembly condemned tie `opposition press" in Chile under the military government of Peru for its expro- Allende regime and called on President priation of the independent press of Lima Ford "to clarify once and for all" the and declared "that government an enemy scope of CIA intervention by naming the of the free press." The association deplored newspapers which accepted financial as- that some journalists and press organiza- sistance of that nature. tions in various parts of the hemisphere "All free newspapers of the Americas ? have approved the attitude of the Peruvian are justly offended by this action of CIA government. which casts doubts on the integrity of the The action was taken after reports by h d i it d P ru hemisphere's press and makes it possible for the enemies of a free press to circulate all sorts of slanders and defamations against it," the IAPA said. The organization requested President Ford to "order the CIA to put a stop to any subsidization of newspapers or jour- nalists" and condemned, at the same time, newspapers and journalists who accepted such assistance. The IAPA action came after prolonged debate on the reports of CIA intervention in Chile and following vigorous denials by editors of El Mercurio in Santiago, El Sur two IAPA members who a v s e e prior to the assembly-Guido Fernandez, editor of La Nacion of San Jose, Costa Rica, and Rafael Molina, editor of El Na- cional of Santo Domingo. They had talked to previous owners, editors and reporters as well as the government-appointed edi- tors and concluded that a free dialogue no longer exists under the "independent Marxism," as they called the new regime. Following three days of reports, IAPA: ? Condemned the absence of freedom of the press and other civil rights in Chile; ? Said the tyranical regime in Haiti i`dN does not permit a free press; ? Protested to the government of Nica- ragua for depriving newspaper editor Ped- ro Joaquin Chamorro, La Prensa, of his civil rights and denying him an exit visa from the country because of his published statements that his country's elections were a fraud; ? Declared that because of censorship there is no freedom of the press in Brazil; s Denounced the lack of a free press and the violation of human rights in Cuba and asked the Organization of American States not to lift sanctions against that country until the Castro regime has given proof it is ready to restore a free press and human rights and release political prisoners including dozens of journalists. ? Declared that the existence of govern- ment agencies which monopolize distribu- tion of governments' commercial advertis- ing constitutes a threat against a free I press; ? Noted that eight publications have been shut down by the Argentine govern- ment and said the recent adoption of an j anti-subversion law throws shadows on the people's right to information; ? Reported that after IAPA had ac- cused the government of Ecuador of re- fusing to authorize publication of a new newspaper, Extra, the government had changed its mind and expressed satisfac- tion to the President of Ecuador for that development. IAPA found that in Panama the press is owned or controlled by the government and in Paraguay there is a state of per- manent siege and censorship. The association found that in Canada, Argentina, El Salvador, the United States, Trinidad/ Tobago, Barbados, Puerto Rico, Dominican Republic, Venezuela, Jamaica, Costa Rica, and Colombia there are isolat- ed obstacles but a deep foundation to sup- port a free press. Venezuelan President Carlos Andres Perez opened the TAPA meetings empha- sizing the importance of a free press with- in democratic systems of government. Press freedom is indispensable to the deni ocratic system and added the "system is defeated and losing prestige in a large part of Latin America... . Other ban- ners are being raised up before our peo- ples which promise bread and order but; not liberty. But we must not compromise liberty." In a veiled complaint against the U.S. press, the president complained that mass media in industrialized nations are failing to inform the public adequately on events and issues in Latin America. "I am aware of the fact that I am speaking to editors who have suffered exile and imprisonment but I am also aware that in their countries many citizens have been unable to express themselves because special interests have blocked them from doing so. This is a form of dominance ex- ercised by the stronger over the weaker. "The IAPA could be a powerful instru. ment for the demonstration that freedom of expression should not be compromised Approved For Release 2004/10/13: CIA-RDP88-01315R' ~~g3~AR, L( ~~Jp~JQ{y{t or ideological dogmas," q le pTe en sam.