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Approved For Release 2006/12/18: CIA-RDP88-01315 THE NEW YORK TIMES,..SUNDAY, OCTOBER 9. 1977 By JO THOMAS eclal to The New York Times s a WASHINGTON, Oct. 8-Despite three i days of Congressional hearings, no one vet knows the degree to which some of a.rd to pin Down the nation's most prominent universities were compromised in the Central Intelli- Sense of Iniury njury, pence Agency's secret mind-control re- ?.1 feel that I've been done an i% search in the 1930's and 1960's. personaii r, by the C.I.A.," said Dr. Antho- Adm. Stansfield Turner, the Director ny J. Wiener, who in 1957 received a of Central Intelligence, said in Congres- !$12,000 grant from the Society for the =sional 'testimony last August that the 'Investigation of Human Ecology. At..that 'C.I.A-. covertly sponsored research at 80 fine Dr. Wiener was a guest at the Mas- i including 44 -colleges 'and sachusetts Institute of Technolo?y's Cen- juniversities,?'from 1953 to 1963. The re- ter for International studies;wi -search was, part of the :project .code -Herman Kahn, he later wrote th named MK-ULTRA, which sought to con- "The Year 2000." trot human behavior through such means "I would not have lent myself, as hypnosis, drugs and brainwashing. kind of deception, and I don`t thir. I of 1 The Senate Health Subcommittee,; should have practiced any sort jcvhich .wanted to hear the academicians'; tion on me," Dr. Wiener said. reaction, quiet(Y invited the presidents: When he first heard about thus q i Dr. Wiener said, he was lookil .of 20'institutions to testify at its hearings'. money with which..to continue a a Sept: 20 and 21. Only one president ac-' of the social role of Soviet sell cepted; he was not scheduled to .testify i 1 Twenty years later he learned tt because all the others declined, explain C.I.A. hoped to find nut "what r .1 i can be developed in spotting, and ng that they had previous engaoements.' ing such persons as potential agi ti The list of the 80 institutions given cruits" from his study. . d to Senate investigators is still .classified, "They made no attempt to poi !but each of those institutions has been in that direction," Dr. Wiener said notified separately by the.C.1.A. that in I never gave them any material for some way, knowingly or unknowingly. fying potential defectors. That was it played host to C.I.A. research, and 26 interest at all" colleges and universities have acknowl- 7 Projects at Stanford edged this publicly. "We've been made guinea pigs, i -Research Vacied said Robert Freelen, director of g ment relations at Stanford, which 1 Inquiries at these institutions disclosed tingly Ient its name to seven C.I. that C.I.A. resew rch on campus varied search projects. These ranged from from Innocuous sociological surveys to vey of the literature on human tests aimed at finding better ways to ad- groups to a project that simply chai money to a psychiatrist, a . mewl minister drugs to unsuspecting subjects. the Stanford clinical faculty, who ii The attitudes of current administrators paid for such enterprises as a suit likewise ran the gamut from outrage to the ways in which criminals gave ... , indifference.' , to the unsuspecting.. The passage oftime, more than 20 years The Stanford ,.projects_,-were rfin in some cases; the C.I.A.'s secretiveness either through foundations' or tl during the project and the fragmentary payments made directly to clinical nature of the records the C.I.A. has made members, thus bypassing the uni `available to universities shave combined, Mr. Freelen said he was not su in most.cases. to make a reconstruction the university could guard again of what ha ened difficult or im ossible. in the future. Obviously there s', pP P to how much investigation you cart?do At many universities, money for these on the sources of funds and their credibil- projects- was channeled through founda- ity," he said. "If they lie and you believe; , tions so that neither the university nor I don't know how that problem- gets the professor doing the research knew solved." the true sponsor or purpose of the work. Stanford has been making pul lic every .Sociological, cultural and anthropological piece of information it can gather about studies were financed through the Society . its past involvement with the C.I.A: s for the Investigation of Human Ecology, mind control research. It, was the first based at Cornell University. Biochemical institution with any major involvement' and medical research was often financed in the program: to do so, although the through the Geschickter Fund for Medical University of Denver which hosted a: Research Inc., headed by. Dr. Charles Ges- 'small experiment ? in hypnpsiso tracked chick ter a Genrgetown University? ?na-' down those details with vigor and made i -or Release 2006MlT`Afffb WM 'f 51 60{3 00390007-, STAT S. ST4T STAT