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Document Creation Date: 
December 16, 2016
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October 29, 2004
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Publication Date: 
July 27, 1964
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P&P Approved For Release 20*1#1/,t?)RfoA B-01 1 00 001 JUL 2 7 1964 ~-COfJ O.A.S. STATES SIGN CUBAN SANCTIONS U.S. Hails Action as 'Body Blow' to Castro Regime By TAD SZULC Special to The New York Timer WASHINGTON, July, 26 Foreign ministers of 20 Ameri- can nations formally signed to- day resolutions for mandatory sanctions against Cuba and for strengthening defenses against Cuban subversion. This act closed the Organiza- tion of American States confer- ence, which Secretary of State Dean Rusk called "the most important ever held in this hem- isphere." The resolutions were approved about 1 A.M. after more than 14 hours of negotiations. The ministers then returned just be- fore noon to the Pan American Union building for the signing ceremony. Four countries - Bolivia, Chile, Uruguay and Mexico - voted against the main resolu- tion on the, "application of measures to the present Gov- ernment of Cuba." There were strong indications, however, that Bolivia, Chile and Uruguay would comply. before long with the sanctions measure. Aggression Charge Upheld All 20 nations represented at, the conference signed the reso- lutions. It is traditional at such inter-American conferences that all participants. sign the docu- ment finally approved, despite the positions taken in debate.. The sanctions were invoked against Cuba as a result of the conference's finding that she committed aggression against Venezuela last year by smug- gling arms to pro-Communist guerrillas and terrorists. They prescribe that the signatory' states will not maintain diplo matic and consular relations with Havana, and that trade and maritime transportation will be, suspended. The resolution does not call for a "break" in relations, as originally -proposed. It declares simply that the American states will "not maintain", such ties. This, together with other ef- forts at conciliation at the con- ference, was designed to give opponents of the sanctions . a maximum of flexibility in carry- ing then out. Mr. Rusk, speaking on the American Broadcasting Com- pany television program "Issues and Answers," a few hours after the signing ceremony, said, that "Castro has no future in Cuba or this hemisphere." He said this was evident from the " vigor and great clarity" of the ministerial action. The Assistant Secretary of State for Inter-American Af- fairs, Thomas C. Mann, said in a statement that the conference was "a victory for the inter- American system""and a "body. blow" to Premier Fidel Castro. "it proved once again the ability of the Organization of American States to. defend it- self against aggression,". he de- Glared. The four countries that op= posed the sanctions are the only ones in Latin American that still have diplomatic relations with Cuba. Bolivia announced- late last night that she would abide by the sanctions, and it was ex- pected that she would break with Havana after the inau- guration of President Victor Paz Estenssoro Aug. 6 for his new term. Diplomats believed that Presi- dent Jorge Alessandri Rodri- guez of Chile would order a break in relations before' the, presidential elections Sept. 4. Though Chile forcefully op posed the sanctions, the Ales- sandri Government feels that,., as a member of the inter-Amer-; scan security system, Chile has no choice but to abide by the majority decision. Little Practical Impact it was thought that Uruguay In the strongest to measure ut It would probably follow suit. had ever applied United States. officials felt O.A.S. . "emphatically" con- that the 15-to-4 vote constituted,demned the Castro regime for a ",meaningful" majority foriaggression against Venezuela the resolutions. . and .warned that new subver-, The required two-thirds ma-sive acts anywhere in the-Amer- jority.was 13 votes, but only;icas would be met with individual 19 of the .20 nations meeting'or collective dete?rents, "which could vote. Venezuela, as the could go as far ,as resort to nation that brought the corn-'armed force." plaint, was ineligible. She Hating first defined the charged that Cuba smuggledCuban interference in Venezuela' three tons of arms into feacn acat agtghre tat, "which zuela last fall. the The sanctions, of themselves, resolution set a precedent that were expected to have little could be applied in the future. practical impact on Cuba. For; In stating that acts the bulk of Latin is - cthe American states the American trade with Cuba is g in foodstuffs, which area notiindividual t of "self-defense in former 'covered by the trade ban. The interest of the majority,untii the O.A.S. could move to was to score a , political polnt'restore peace, the resolution set and to reinforce aI tisubversion . he stage for prompt deterrent ._?. r., > .?,.,. _ defenses ,w:.. tion~ Approved For Release 2005/01/12 : CIA-RDP88-01315R000400130067-4