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December 16, 2016
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October 29, 2004
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May 18, 1964
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Approved For Release 2005/01/12 :CIA-R~-i'f00~3(~(9+9~`2~ WASHINGTON STAR MAY 1 8 1964 INTERPRETIVE REPORT Blow Aimed,@L' By JERRY O'LEARY, JR. Latin American Writer of The Star United States policy for deal- ing with maverick neighbor nations such as Cuba now ap- pears headed 'toward evolve- ment of tougher Western Hem- isphere machinery for swift collective action. This hard-line doctrine Is .expected to be revealed next month before the Organization of American States when the Venezuelan . complaint against Cuba is considered. The essence of the American plan is expected to hinge on the addition. of one word, "subver- sion," to the list of offenses by one hemisphere republic that will bring down upon it the wrath of its sister nations. Other Acts Covered Aggression and armed attack are specified in the charter of the OAS, but the word "subver- sion" is not there. Addition of this word -lvould give the mem- ber nations, including the United States, a legal basis to' take any steps up to and including open war against a nation that attempts to export revo>tution by subversion. . This is the charge that has been lodged against Cuba's Fidel. Castro regime by Venezuela. The C o m m u n i s t-dominated island is accused of sending arms and trained saboteurs into Venezuela to overthrow the Nation now regarded as a show- ,case of democracy in South America. The mainstay of Venezuela's case is a cache of arms, clearly marked as being of Cuban origin,, found on the ',Venezuelan coast. . I . . Washington diplomats believe Brazil's ..recent ..action severing relations with Cuba just aboutf a~~~ iaOAS clinched the case against Cuba. Two procedures ate 'possible: a session of the OAS Council as an "organ of consultation" here or a council of foreign minist- ers. It Is considered likely the member nations would prefer to use the "organ of consultation" tactics, for domestic political reasons. At a meeting of foreign min- isters In plenary session it, is necessary for each foreign minister to outline in detail the position of his nation, and this inevtably would nvolye a tangle of politics for home consump- tion. Brazil's breakaway leaves only 'four hemisphere nations continuing diplomatic relations with Cuba. They are Bolivia, Uruguay, Chile and Mexico. Observers believe there Is some reason to hope Bolivia and Uruguay eventually will break. off relations' too, but Chile and Mexico both face elections between now and September and are not likely to make any such move. Tight Quarantine Expected Diplomats feel that Venezuaia, with the active support of the United States, nbw has the two-thirds majority neces- sary to take punitive measures against Cuba for the arms cache affair. These are likely to consist mainly of a tighter economic and diplomatic quar- antine against the island. It is believed 15 or more of the hemisphere nations will vote for such action. Venezuelan diplomats, includ. ing former Foreign Minister Falcon Briceno, have been busy for the past several 'months lining- up- votes In All the -Amer- lean Capitals. Under the Rio pact, a majority vote is binding on the others. It is expected the United States will take this opportunity to include the word "stlbver- sion" In the charter for use against transgressors. Armed attacks by land, sea and air are clearly spelled out, observers point out, but the shipment of arms or the use of infiltrators is not plainly covered by the charter reference to aggression,; Warping to Cuba It Is believed this would serve sharp notice on Cuba that any, future offense would bring quick, collective action against her by all the signatories. Furthermore, it Is believed Veneruela has decided to post- pone action on the other part of its. double-barreled resolution. With Costa Rica,. the Venezu- elans have moved for a resolu tion to preserve repre- sentational democracy in 'the Western Hemisphere, that Is, to condemn governments that come into power by way of coups d'etat, 0 n tactical grounds, the Venezuelans are said to realize that they cannot havf- their. cake and eat it, too. In short, if, Caracas wants collective action against' Cuba it must have the support of such coup-born gov- ernments as those of the Domin- ican Republic, Brazil, Hondu- ras and Guatemala. Venezuela feels so strongly about its new-found democratic government that : is has, broken off relations with Brazil and the Dominican Republic. However, if the Venezuelans do 'not press their complaint against such governments too hard they doubtless will get all the sup- port they need for the OAS action against .,the common enemy, Cuba. ~, ._ ... Approved For Release 2005/01/12 CIA-FZDP88-01315R000400130096-2