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January 1, 1975
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Approved For Releas ELECTRONIC W ! 1FA E Editor & Publisher Ii any F. I 'Ranal;ing Editor I red 1). Itscr,,.11 Richard k. Keenlt Robert H. Rector Copy Editors Roy C'. Slutrcm Howard Fenton Production Dolore?s'vicKendry, Art Director Kim Vogel, Art A;sisutn: William Crispin, I'roductlon Circulation Stanager Phyllis Bnkri Fulfillment Manager Katv 0hcleta Dr. ~. D. tics I hcodore S. ('0hcr!V I-vnwood A. Co,hy H rrv Davis William E. W. Howe Dr. Bill R. Mny Dr. I rank A. Olson Claud Pinson Walter Portune Dr. 'oseph A. Saloom Kerneth R. Schonger Editorial Headquarters EW Communications, Inc. 3921 East Bavshorc Road Palo Alto. California 94303 Tel, (415) 961-1:?(x1 -I WX 910-379-6584 CABLES: MICROWAVE PALO ALTO Bureau Kemple House, 34-36 High Street Seven Oaks, Kent TN 13 1,10 England 'l'et: Seven Oaks 59533/4 Roger C. Marriott, Managing Director ADVERTISING SALES OFFICES Glen Cove. L.L. NY 11542 Anthony Yacone!ti 13 Reynolds Road, (516) 671-8756 Palo Alto, CA 94303 Phil Du Vall, Dave Rausch 3921 East Bayshore Road. (415) 961-1300 President, Weber Publications. Inc. John M. Weber JANUARY/FEBRUARY 1975 VOL. 7 NO. 1 NEWS & FEATURES 13 Washington Rcport 22 International Report 27 Guest Editorial: The Army Electronic Warfare Board, Lt. Col. Thomas P. Garman, USA SPECIAL REPORT: NATO EW 29 NATO: An Important Conventional Capability 31 FUCOM: Focal Point for NATO Contact 33 U.S. MAAG's and DAO's: Who's Who 41 The Ins and Outs of Export Licensing 49 Swedish Air Force Introduces New Day/Night Recon Pod 50 '~.LQ-123 Shown by British 55 Belgian ECM Retrofit Seen Key to New Procurements 56 Competitors Shown in European LWF Competition 59 NATO National Capabilities Seen Expanding 73 international AOC: do Ooievaar Club of the Netherlands 81 Loral Executive Sees Independent Attitudes on EW in NATO 86 New French Receiver Developed Trcl1NOLO(;Y 91 EZF/E1.FU-The Monitoring and Analyzing System from 6 kHz to 2.7 GHz, Ulrich L. Rohde, Rolxle & Schwarz, Fairfield, New Jersey 100 Unique Broadband Iligh Pass Filter, Chet Pedersen, Martin Marietta Corporation, Dern'c'r, Colorado 103 The Design and Production of Reliable EW Equipments, J. 1. Belfer & J. C. Forrest, ITT As?ionic?s Division, Nittlev, New Jersey 108 A Coherent Memory Using Digital Storage: The Loopless Memory Loop'. Sheldon C. Spector, Ta,ckc-r Ss'stentslDit?ision of Whittaker, Chatsti oilIt, Cali./arit a 112 Maintenance of EW Transmission Lines,Jack Newitt, Sperry Microwave Electronics, Clcart ater, Florida DEPARTMENTS 48 Editorial Feedback 106 AOC News 117 Operator 750 1.20 Graves' Gallery 122 President's Message Cover. USA F's award of a 5417,904,758 fixed-price incentive award to (,Corral Dynamics for the new F-16. puts the new airp' ne into IhC liuropCan :Air Crnnh,il Fighter clition as the U.S. entry. See Intern,i;icvrel Report ft,r nu+rC dct;ril,. E,IeCtronlo'eVarfare n tL vnrs i s pal l i s h s d nthls t I Vi C corn r r , lt,n In,. ' (ui di rrt tr1'd c t / I'ul I lit ns 11Ihs \, U ,rt, t f )Id (r s, t their . ' f,s ii r l~ic,al pt l C r7 .l t i ri ,' 51 i( n s r r nhip un t t the r f ndli s r t,nnnrnic.t,iot In,.ti tip, n,,-.lie \I tCIper'.c,irintheI S.tnd(., j`S.U+1 per tear irrtcrn.ttion.t'. per seer international .sir 'nia!I `,.t-l:!c cuplc, ;rrtd heck issues lif as.ulel'Ic'r, 55 (N1 s?,i,h. F:dituria!: 'I he article, and editorials appearing in i.Iectror tc Warfare do not rtpre- nt the official \r position except for the Official Notices appearing in the AO( Ntw'I Section or unl, . specifically identified as an AO(' official position. Fuhllsher assunse no respunsihilit i 'r unsolicited material. Authors are responsible for assuring that articles are property r. leased for classification and proprietary information. Approved For Release 2005/01/12: CIA-RDP88-01315R0004061$'0'8ffj5EB11UARY 1975 7 STAT Approved For Release 2005/01/12 : CIA-RDP88-01315R000400160009-5 Approved For Release 2005/01/12 : CIA-RDP88-01315R000400160009-5 Apprpved For Release 2005/01/1 it s to be as TOTAL REALISM is an AAI specialty. We have what it takes. We have the people capability. We have the advanced tech- nical knowledge. And we have the most extensive, up-to-date bank of foreign and domestic signals. The complete ability to create design and build total realism into computerized stimulation devices has made AAI a leader in electronic warfare training ~y for over 20 years. C We help young crows become old crows. P.O. Box 6767 Baltimo'e, Maryland 21204 CORPORATION (301) 666-1400 Tt ion of ID ~rotn~ SENIOR ADVISORY BOARD Herbert D. Bennington Burton P. Brown Harry Davis John W. Dixon Lincoln R. Hayes Dr. H. Richard Johnson Joseph Kearny Dr. Marvin D. Lasser Dr. Leon Reibman Royden C. Sanders, Jr. Allan D. Simon President Bland B. Hyatt, Jr. Executive Vice President Charles V. Hoey Secretary Col. John Marks Treasurer Maj. Warren W. Cook Executive Secretary Bobby Jo Rowe Regional Vice President Baste rn Capt. E. L. Hurd, Central Joe Rae Southern Marshall Brown Western Lt. Col. Donald W. Rich Paci/ic? Ronald G. Brown International Col. (Ret.) Olin E. McFolin Directors Warren G Austin Col. Donald Christofferson William S. Crawford RADM. Julian Lake Dr. Allen R. Matthews Claud Pinson Harry F. Smith Adam P. Vogel, Jr. Bernie E. Zettl Business Address: EW Communications, Inc., 3921 E. Bayshore Road, Palo Alto, CA 94303. All correspondence, subscriptions, editorial material, and advertising material should be sent to the above address. Change of Address: send old and new address (in- cluding mailing label from this magazine) with Zip Code numbers to Association of Old Crows, 2361 S. Jefferson Davis Hwy., Suite 606, Arlington, VA 22202. Postmaster please send Form 3579 to the same address. Electronic Warfare, January/February 1975. Volume 7, Number 1. Published bi-monthly by EW Communications, Inc., 392t East Bayshore Road, Palo Alto, CA 94303 USA. Copyright 1975. Controlled Circulation: Postage paid at Los Angeles, California. 2 EW: JANUARY/F1 BRUARYA proved For Release 2005/01/12 : CIA-RDP88-01315R000400160"009-5 Policy Resolutions For 1976 The Board of Directors of the Association of Old Crows has formulated and approved six policy resolutions for 1976. These resolutions are intended to focus attention on areas which are believed to be vital to the National Defense. After careful analysis and review of the National Defense posture, these guidelines were evolved by the members of the Board of Directors. They are designed to support the AOC policy objectives in a mutual endeavor of the'DOD, Congress and Industry to advance the Electronic Warfare capability of the United States. 1. NATIONAL DEFENSE POSTURE WHEREAS, the Soviets have improved and are continu- ing to improve their Armed Forces in both numbers and weapon systems; and WHEREAS, the Soviets continue to expand their influ- ence in the third world countries by supplying arms and assistance; and WHEREAS, the success in future conflicts will; in a large measure, depend on the outcome of the electronic battle; NOW, THEREFORE, BE IT RESOLVED that the Associa- tion of Old Crows (AOC) joins the President and urges the Department of Defense (DOD), Congress and the Nation to support a strong national defense posture by support- ing the force structure of the United States in all aspects and equipping this force structure with the Weapons and Electronic Warfare (EW) systems required to provide de terrence to aggression throughout the world. 11. RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT (R&D) WHEREAS, future Tactical and Strategic defensive capa- bilities of the Armed Forces can be significantly improved by providing advanced Electronic and Electro-Opticai countermeasures systems; and WHEREAS, current and future improvements in enemy radar, communications and optical systems will result in decreased survivability of our weapons systems; and WHEREAS, the current practice of holding a "level of effort" in the R&D area year after year results in an ever decreasing amount of current technology available for utilization in operational hardware; and WHEREAS, an increasing percentage of the 'level of effort'' R&D funding is being used to cover the increased costs of test and evaluation of new equipments; NOW, THEREFORE, BE IT RESOLVED that the AOC urges DOD to increase the EW R&D effort to the level re- quired to permit future operationally deployed systems to match or exceed the enemy state-of-the-art threat; and BE IT FURTHER RESOLVED that the AOC urges the Congress to support the above increased R&D effort. If the increased effort is not requested by DOD, the Congress should review in detail the need for additional EW R&D efforts. III. EW EDUCATION WHEREAS, EW Technology is a unique specially of elec- tromagnetics involving a broad frequency spectrum; and WHEREAS, the EW posture of the United States Forces is directly related to the combat effectiveness of these forces; and WHEREAS, the United States EW posture is directly related to the management decisions made at all levels of the DOD, the Administration and Congress; and WHEREAS, the better informed the decision makers are concerning the role of Electronic Warfare the more perceptive the decisions will be; NOW, THEREFORE, BE IT RESOLVED that the AOC urges DOD to establish a comprehensive EW education program at the Congressional Committee and individual member IeveAptpVol IDFroeiRelea?enn2ooSloIDk2t: I level and at the military/civilian student level; and BE IT FURTHER RESOLVED that the AOC will support and assist the DOD in everyway possible to assure the effectiveness of this education. IV. MILITARY-INDUSTRIAL TEAM WHEREAS, the United States Industry is a necessary and vital part of the National Defense of this country; and WHEREAS, the Military-Industrial Team has been able to produce the goods and services in the time and quantity needed to defeat the Nations enemies; and WHEREAS, the Armed Services produce no equipment but must rely on United States industry to provide the goods necessary to maintain a strong and viable national defense posture; and WHEREAS, a close relationship and continuous profes- sional liaison must exist between user and supplier in our free enterprise system to assure that the goods provided meet the unique and stringent requirements of the mili- tary forces; NOW, THEREFORE, BE IT RESOLVED that the AOC fully supports a strong Military-Industrial Team and acts to insure the integrity and ethical conduct of the relation- ship in accordance with DOD policies and the will of Congress. V. PROCUREMENT CYCLE WHEREAS, Electronic Warfare is a unique discipline in that the life cycle of effectiveness is completely depen- dent on changes in the threat environment; and WHEREAS, the current procurement cycle for new EW systems from nitation of R&D to completion of produc- tion can span a period of up to nine years; and WHEREAS, intelligence on new threat systems or changes in threat systems in nearly every instance does not become available until the threat system is operation- ally deployed; NOW, THEREFORE, BE IT RESOLVED that the AOC strongly urges the Military Services and the DOD to rec- ognize these factors and initiate appropriate changes in the procurement regulations that will significantly reduce the procurement cycle, both in R&D and production, for EW systems. VI. SAFEGUARDING NATIONAL SECRETS WHEREAS. EW systems are designed to degrade the elec- tronic capability of an adversary and it is essential that the techniques used to that end be kept secret from po- tential adversaries; and WHEREAS, the information necessary to exploit the adverse electronic capability is obtained thru electronc surveillance and intelligence sources it is imperative that the intelligence information gained he safeguarded; and WHEREAS, any revelation of classified information from or by whatever source, may jeopardize our National Security; NOW, THEREFORE, BE IT RESOLVED that the AOC urges the Congress to enact a comprehensive National R 8 134 0040016A00 -'S' Strong intelligence of fort. Approved For Release 2005/01/1 aN BQ(RDP88-01315R000400160009-5 Last: 10 Years Crow Finally--a multiple index of Electronic Warfare Magazine and its predecessor, Crow Caws, together with some good news on information retrieval of back copies. Stephen L. Johnston Professional Engineer The Editors of Electronic Warfare Magazine are pleased to present the first-ever complete compendium of material on the magazine and' its predecessor publication, Crow Caws. The magazine is now in its eighth consecutive year of publication and we are continually receiving requests for back issues. With the exception of the Library at Maxwell Air Force Base's Air University, there is no central location contain- ing all back issues of the publication. We are sure that many readers have complete sets on an individual basis and the Editors are now arranging for a complete set to be placed with University Microfilms. History. When the Association of Old Crows was founded on October 4th, 1964-and subsequently incorpo- rated on October 6th, 1965-the aims and purposes of the organization, as stated in its original by-laws, were further- ing the art of electronic warfare, exchanging ideas and in- formation, recognizing significant accomplishments in the field and documenting the history of electronic warfare. In October of 1965, a magazine called Crow Caws was started, and then subsequently changed to Electronic ,Lare in the Winter of 1969 The magazine was then published as a quarterly up to and including 1972. In January of 1973, the magazine became a bi-monthly publication and con- tinued editions have been published six times yearly since that time. In the decade that has passed, then, some 42 issues of the magazine have been published, with more than 200 authors, a large number of tables, indices and staff reports. Unfortunately, many of the early issues are not available. Editions from 1973 onward are now available from: University Microfilms International A Xerox Company 300 North Zeeb Road Ann Arbor, Michigan 48106 Toll Free (800) 761-4700 In addition, back issues of Electronic Waifcn?e will be available to non-U.S. readers through University Micro- films' international activity: University Microfilms Ltd. St. John's Road, Tylers Green Penn, Buckinghamshire ENGLAND In 1975 Electronic Warfare Magazine and its companion International Countermeasures Handbook were placed on file in the Library of Congress and will soon be available through the National Technical Information Service (NTIS) service. The Editors want to acknowledge the contributions of Mr. Stephen L. Johnston for his invaluable assistance in the preparation, research and presentation of this data. The Editors invite reader comment on the use and utility of this index. The master index is divided into nine parts as follows: Part Index Element I List of published issues II Contents by issue III Author's Index IV Subject Index V Speeches Index VI Theme Issue Index VII Tabular Data: Who's Who/Organization Charts VIII Conventions/Conferences/Symposia Index IX Personalities Index Parts III through IX identify articles by their volume, issue number and page of the edition, The first three issues of Crow Caws are identified by 2nd Con,-_ and 3rd Conv. with no theme applicable. The remaining entries for Crow Cows are preceded in Parts III through IX by the notation: CC. The following illustration shows the coding: Crow Caws _Number in volume Volume -.-_-J' I...._____.-Page Number Note-Indicatcs Crow Can's. Volume 2, Number 3, page 6. Electronic Warfare Magazine entries do not have the CC prefix, otherwise all coding is the same. Approved For Release 2005/01/12 : CIA-RDP88-01315R0004001600Q 5JuLytnuGUST 1976 61 Approved For Release 2005/01/12 : CIA-RDP88-01315ROO0400160009-5 INDEX Part II-Contents by Issue EW Magazine (cont'd) Volume 7, No. 6-November/December 1975 Special Report: EOEW p.21 Electro-Optical EW Seen Key to New Developments, Harvey Rian, Joseph Savino p.22 Army EOEW System Detailed: ALQ-144 p.24 U.S. E0 & IRCMBudget Outlined p.26 Who's Who in EOEW (in industry) p.30 AN/ALE-39 Countermeasures Dispenser Systems Detailed p.33 AN/ALQ-123: IRCM Pioneer, Roger C. Farmer p.38 Infrared Comes of Age in the World of Electronic Warfare, Dave Fitzpatrick p.50 Army EOEW Systems Detailed: ALQ-147 p.52 Compact Frequency Calibrator Checks ELINT Receiver Performance p.55 Digital Control for Effective Power Management, John Moran and Charles B. Balser p.63 Is Inflation a New Malady in Defense Planning? Adm. Frederick H. Michaelis p.64A Euro-Form: Countermeasures Conference Slated p.70 President's Message: AOC Technical Program 1975-1976 Part III-Author Index Allison, Andrew A. -5N5, 81 Almquist, Lt. Gen. E. H.-6N1, 51 Anderson, Charles E. -CC 2N3, 6 Balser, Charles E. -7N6, 55 Bates, D. J.-51\12, 53 Behnke, Albert 0. -1 N2, 10; 3N3, 12 Belfer, J. U. -7N1, 103 Belrose, F. M. -CC 2N1, 28 Bert, Joseph E. -7N5, 45 Bonner, Col. M. Michael-5N5, 45 Bradley, General Mark-4N1, 20 Brown, Adm. Sam R., Jr. -CC (no theme) 8 Brown, Charles G. -4N3, 14 Brown, Congressman Clarence-2N4, 4 Brown, Ron-5N2, 71 Bruenner, Colonel William-6N3, 38 Budd, William E. -3N2, 4 Bullock, L. G. -4N1, 34; 4N2, 12 Burke, Major Charles G.-7N5, 41 Butler, Dr. Thomas W. -3N1. 14 Byrd, Senator Robert S. -1 N1, 20 Byrom, Cecil -4N1, 7 Casperson, Jon C. -2N4, 35 Calton, Lt. Gen, Jack -CC2N3, 12 Chamberlain, Kent-4N2, 10 Cohen, Simon-7N5, 93 Collins, Prof. N.J. -7N3, 32-A Crawford, Willie-2N1,?11 Cummings, R. Adml. C. Ward-5N3, 29 Curry. Dr. Thomas F. --4N4, 4; 4N4, 26 Daly. Thomas E. -CC 2N5, 31 Deane. Jr.. General John R. - 7N5, 51 (le Po'ix, Adm. -3N1. 4 de Kocher. James. 3N4.16 Dixon R G -.4N3.34 Leonov, A. 1. -6N2, 50 Linton, F. D. -5N6, 68 Little, J. A. - 5N6, 68 Mack, Erik-7N2, 32A Marcus, Mel-1N2, 18;1N3,7; 4N1, 5; 7N3, 75; 4N3, 28 Margerum, Donald L. -2N2, 8; 2N3, 5 Mark, Major John W. -5N3, 56 Massey Stoney-5N3, 57 Matthews, Dr. Allen R. -3N3, 4 McElhowe, Donald M. -4N2, 6 McRaven, Pilgrim W. -7N2, 23; 7N3, 55 Meyer, Maj. General Stewart C. -6N2, 27 Meyers, John E. -CC 2N3, 11 Michael, Major A. L.-2N4, 5 Michaelis, Adm. Frederick H. -7N6, 63 Mikles, Major George A. -2N4,10 Miller, Barry -CC 2N4, 8 Miller, Bruce-7N5, 93 Miller, Frank-6N5, 59 Miller, 0. W. - CC 2N5, 12 Minck, John L. -3N2, 7; 4N3, 6 Mitchell, 0. B. -6N6, 36; 7N3, 24 Mintz, Martin-2N3, 6 Mirman, I. R.-1N1, 28 Montoya, Senator Joseph M. - CC 21\13, 8;1 N2, 14; 21\12, 6; 3N2, 28 Moran, John-7N6, 55 Morin, Capt. Robert A.-7N5, 66 Morin, Henry J. -4N1, 10 Murray, Dick-2N4, 7 Musial, Fred A. -4N1, 34; 4N2, 12 Newitt, Jack-7N1, 112 Nicholson, J. E. - -6N1. 81 O'Donnell, Richard V. ~- 7N5, 111 Oeh, G. R. -4N1, 34: 4N,2, 12 Oleari, Gary--3N1, 8 Olver, Terry -7N5, 115 O'Shaughnessy, T. Sgt. John-4N2, John-4 Owen, MajorT. M.-6N3, 27 Pahl, Colonel Phillip-5N3, 16 Pederson, Chet-7N1, 100 Perry, J . L. -- 2N2, 1-i Philbin, Michael J. -7N4, 21 Pollakoff, 0. E. -5N5, 87 Porter, John W. --5N1, 11 Proud, J. M. -5N5, 92 Randise, Dominich--7N2, 46 Reid, James R. --1 N4, 9 Reid, Sqd. Leader David -- CC, 3rd Conv , 7 Reynolds, G Lyle--2N1, 5 Rhode, Ulrich R.--7N1.91;6N5, 83 Richards. H. F. -4N 1. 16 Richardson. Secretary Elliot L. --5N3, 15 Rienzi, M. Gen, Thomas M. ---6N6, 35 Rinn, Harvey-- 7N6, 21 Rogers, Kenneth 0. ---1 N3, 10 Roubadeaux, Donald L. --3N4, 21 Runyon, Major Floyd L. -6N1, 52 Russell, Robert F. - CC 2N1, 28; CC2N4, 28; 1N3, 10; 4N1, 16; 5N3, 57 Rutter, Paul-6N4, 37 Ryan, T. --6N5, 76 Ryken, Marvin-3N1, 16 Salapski, G. D. -7N4, 75 , , Eans, C. S. -'A4 oved For Release 2O 6tV6i~lil~ ld*- ' d tii5ROOO4tl '66Ov' eh A. -6N5, 48 Eaton, Charles --1 N4, 7 Eaton, Lt. Col. W. F.-7N3, 30; 7N3, 41 Edson, Major Paul R. -7N5, 61 Eldecreek, Gil - CC 2N4, 18 Enge, Francis J.-2N1,12; 4N1, 10 Ert1~n_ es. Frank A,-- ustace Harry F. -7N4, 55; 6N1, 43 Farmer, Roy C. -7N6, 33 Fitzpatrick, Dave-7N6, 38 Flaherty, James M. -4N2, 8; 5N2, 37 Fleischer, Frank - 3N1, 16 Fomichev, K. I. -6N2, 50 Forrest, J. C. -7N1,103 Garbouchian, Vaughn-1 N4, 24 Gibbs, Maj. Gen. David P. - CC, 2nd Conv., 22 Gillis, R. G.-7N3, 36 Godding, M. Gen. George A. -- 6N1, 54; 7N5, 25 Goldwater, Senator Barry-2N1, 8 Gorman, Lt. Col. Thomas P. - 7N1,27;7N5,33 Grant, Alan J. -5N3, 69; 6N3, 33 Greiser, John W. -7N3, 67 Gromer, Dick-1 N4, 24 Gulley, C. T. -5N6, 68 Haley, Daniel E. -2N2, 4 Handzel, Paul S. -3N1, 15; 3N2, 12 Hapgood, W. H.-1N2, 7 Hardin, Clyde D. -6N2, 33 Harper, Terry -6N2, 11 Heilmeier, Dr. George - 5N2,21; 6N5, 39 Heintz, K. J. -5N5, 87 Hice, J. R. -1 N3, 10 Hurd, Major Peter-2N2, 17 Hurley, G. W. --5N3, 51 Huse, W. -3N4, 16 Hyatt, Bland B. -6N6, 62; 7N1, 122 Hylton, HarveyT. -7N3, 43 Johnston, Stephen L- 6N3, 41; 6N6, 49; 7N1, 48; 7N3, 59 Jones, General David-7N2, 21 Jordan, Gary Blake-5N4, 67; 5N6, 63; 6N1, 72; 6N3, 65; 6N4, 37; 7N1, 48; 7N4, 69 Judd, Colonel James-7N5, 101 Kaplan, Albert-1 N4, 13 Kasporek, Dennis D. --7N5, 70 Keaton, Colonel Jack Leo - 7N5, 103 Keenly, R. R. --5N1. 63 Kidd, Jr., Admiral IssacC.--5N1, 14 Kilpi, William -7N5, 52 Kivi, Aare--2N4, 32 Klaassen, Jr., Clarence F. -7N5, 133 Klein, Walter F. -5N6, 71 Knight, R. I. -5N2, 53 Konotchick, John A. -3N3, 33 Kruty, Martin P. -3N2, 16 Kushner, Allan M. -6N2, 59 Laird, Melvin R. .-4N1, 4 Lander, Bob -CC 21\15, 32 Lane, Thomas-6N5, 24; 7N2, 36 Lampos, N. J. -6N6, 44 Lanza, Frank-7N1, 81 72 Joseph L. -6N3 Legin Approved For Release 2005/01/12 : CIA-RDP88-01315R000400160009=5 - NEWS Publisher's Memo On Z-Gram's, SALT and The Economics of Detente When retired Admiral Elmo Zumwalt was Chief of well taken, but his optimistic trust that economi Naval Operations, his tenure was characterized by the culties and incentives will ensure Moscow's accc, "Z-Gram", which emphasized getting to the point, cut- of detente might be misplaced. The prestigious ting red tape and wasting no time. Recently, the former national Institute for Strategic Studies sees a con CNO issued another Z-Gram of sorts when he testified strengthening of Soviet forces, especially in v before a Congressional Committee on SALT. And Russia's bleak record with their grain harvests, Zumwalt's ability to get to the point was never more once again points out their humiliating depends. vividly evident when he charged naivete, ineptness and the U.S. Therefore, it should not surprise concealment on the part of U.S. SALT negotiators and Soviets pushed ahead with the high power ',as. the principal architect of U.S. SALT strategy, Secretary cause their basic posture is that it is better to be of State Kissinger. than weaker. Traditionally, Soviet responses to' Recent evidence of Soviet experimentation with high military technological advances ha, been wit n: power lasers to blind U.S. warning satellites conclu- quantity. Now we have evidence of sophis sively proves the existence of that lethal analog we quantity in ERP. spoke of in our last issue. It also raises some serious History points out that economic relationshii questions about our intelligence community's ability to proven incapable of sustaining political relation detect SALT violations or provide pre-emptive first stability, peace and order. Political relationsni: strike warning of it Soviet attack. vide the indisputable leadership within which ne Washington is now openly speculating as to when beneficial economic relations evolve. In the abr. Secretary Kissinger will be jettisoned by the Adminis- this political prime mover, economic exchang. tration, and no longer if he will be discarded. Kissinger's no guarantee of peace or mutual gains. One popularity is probably at an all-time low. He was de- ample of this is the listless drifting of the feated in several Congressional votes on military aid to Market, which hoped to achieve political uni_.. Turkey. Supporters of Israel have charged that he is economic accord in Europe. Those who pole putting undue pressure on the Jewish state. Even the logic of economic rationality between the dispatch of 200 American technicians to the Sinai, to U.S.S.R. as the basis for political accords implement the Middle East truce, took more than a. reflect on these lessons of history. month to get through Congress although it should have And, in the case of the electronic warfare cc:r cleared easily. A Kissinger endorsement no longer which is a strong technological repository of s means smooth sailing on the Hill for foreign policy balance in any SALT formula and a signific. legislation. Congress has come to view Mr. Kissinger nomic entity in its own right, any cruise missi , as being politically vulnerable. One example of this is sions for Backfire bomber restrictions can on the Pike Committee's willingness to pursue contempt to make the United States a clear and indelible citations against the Secretary in connection with their Two in the eyes of an adversary who aspires to a , investigations of intelligence activities. of technological strength. And while the pohi. It is at this writing difficult to figure out what effects nomic aspects of this nation's SALT strate; all this criticism has had on Mr. Kissinger's standing complex and based on many elements, one c ui abroad. One is prompted to wonder what the Russians regard the candor of the Zuniwalt testimony think about an accord on SALT and the ability of Kis- concerns it raises. singer to get it through the Senate. But one thing is for Just how technology enters into the SALT sure, the essential Soviet view of `stronger is better' tions is still, as yet, undetermined. It still rema. een what technological cc?r,cessit ns might _, st t1 p cVails_ 'SAL T '1: t.:. '1. ,43 -n,u1. iTC