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Approved For Release 2006/11/22 : CIA-RDP88-01315R000400250008-6 THE NEW YORK TIMES,..SUNDAY, OCTOBER 9. 1977 of University War t= or C.I.A.. By JO THOMAS Is::Hard to Fin Lovvn Special to The New York Tlmee WASHINGTON, Oct. 8--Despite three ays of Congressional hearings, no one -et knows the degree to which some of -ie nation's most prominent universities ere compromised in the Central Intelli- -enee Agency's secret mind-control re- -arch in the 1950's and 1960's..? Adm. Stansfield Turner, the Director d- Central Intelligence, said in Congres- ional - testimony last August That the { I.I.A. covertly sponsored research at 80 - stitutions.. including 44 ? colleges ' and niversities,. from 1953 to 1963. The re- -arch was. part of the ,project -.code-. amed MK-ULTRA, which sought to con- ro1 human behavior through such means s hypnosis, drugs and brainwashing. The -- Senate Health Subcommittee,. -hick wanted to hear the academicians'; =action. quietly invited the presidents! 20-institutions to testify at its hearings 'ept. 20 and 21. Only one president ac- epted; he was not scheduled to.testify -cause all the others declined, explain-' ag that they had previous engagements.' The list of the 80 institutions given Senate investigators is still. classified, ut each of those institutions has been ratified separately by the.C.I.A. that in Mme way, knowingly or unknowingly. played host to C.I.A. research, and 26 nlle;es and universities have acknowl- ged this publicly. + ,.,.-Research Varied Inquiries at these institutions disclosed ^at C.I.A. research on campus varied -om innocuous sociological surveys to -sts aimed at finding better: ways to ad. mister drugs to unsuspecting subjects. Fie attitudes of current administrators iewise ran the gamut from outrage to !difference: !,..I The passage of time. more than 20 years some cases; the C.I.A.'s secretiveness ..ring the. project and the fragmentary ature of the records the C.I.A. has made railable to universities have combined, most-cases, to make a reconstruction what happened difficult or impossible. At many universities, money for these 1 ions so that neither the university nor e professor doing the research knew _e true sponsor or purpose of the work. ciologicaI, cultural and anthropological aidies were financed through the Society r the Investigation of Human Ecology, =sed at Cornell University. Biochemical ad medical research was often financed -rough the Geschickter Fund for Medical =search Inc., headed by. Dr. Charles Ges- :ickter, . a .Georgetown University,-pa Sense of Injury } Investigation of Human Ecology. At.that t'me Dr. Wiener was a guest at the Mas-. sachusetts Institute of Technology's Cen- , ray -J. Wiener, who in 1957 -received a- 1$12 000 grant from the Society for the "d feel that I've been done an injury, I personally, by the C.I.A.," said Dr. Antho- the ways in which criminals gave to the unsuspecting.. .... _ ? ... ,the Stanford clinics] faculty, who ,h paid for such enterprises as a sure groups to a project that simply chaff money to a psychiatrist, a . meml .tingly lent its name to seven. C.I. search projects. These ranged from "We've been made guinea pigs, said Robert Freelen, director of g ment relations at Stanford, which l interest at all." 7 Projects at Stanford "They made no attempt to poi in that direction," Dr. Wiener said I never gave them any material for Eying potential defectors. That was ing such persons as potential agi money with which .to continue a of the social role of Soviet scil Twenty years later he learned th . C.I.A.. hoped to find out "what t tion on me," Dr. Wiener said. . When he first heard about the-s Dr. Wiener said, he was lookil -Herman Kahn, he later wrote the "The Year 2000." "I would not have lent myself-' kind of deception, and I don''t thir should have practiced any sort of r - gee en sat a was no sur t-. the university could guard again; ~' members, thus bypassing the univ R 4sa~ M F I 'd t - 0"UILL L11rUUuIl LVUUU4I."v"13 ,jr N q q payments made directly to clinical 1. ~_ -4 to how much investigation you` cait-do on the sources of funds and their credibil- ity," he said. "If they lie and you believe, I don't know how- that problem- gets. solved." a ... Stanford has been making public every piece of information it can gather about its past involvement with the C.I.A: s mind control research.. It, was the first institution with any, "major, Involvement.. In the program: to dd so, although' the' - University of Denver; which., hosted a 'small experiment -in: hvnnasis..'tracked.: For Release 2d ff5eCr & -b-T3 t5.R6d040O2500( 8