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Approved For Release 2006/12/19: CIA-RDP88-01 THE NEW YORK TIMES,-SUNDAY, OCTOBER 9. 1977 Zxtent-of University Work for.C.I.... i By JO THOMAS Special to The Sew York Times WASHINGTON, Oct. 8--Despite three ays of Congressional hearings, no one et knows the degree to which some of _le nation's most prominent universities .ere.compromised in the Central Intelli- -ence ,Agency's secret mind-control re- earch in the 1950's and 1960's. . Adm. Stansfield Turner, the Director !I Central Intelligence, said in Congres- Tonal . testimony last August that the :.I.A. covertly sponsored research at SO -istitutiions. including 44 ? colleges 'and niversities,."from 1953 to 1963. The re- earch. was . part of the project , code-. amed MK-ULTRA, which sought to con- ot human behavior through such means s hypnosis, drugs and brainwashing. The Senate Health Subcommittee, which wanted to hear the academicians) naction, quietly invited the presidentsi #' 20'institutions to testify at its hearings': -ept: 20 and 21. Only one president ac- opted; be was not, scheduled to.testify cause all the others declined, explain-' ig?that they had previous engagements.' The list of the 80 institutions given a Senate, investigators Is still .classified, tit each of those institutions has been iotified separately by the.C.I.A. that in Drtie.way, knowingly or unknowingly. played host to C.I.A. research, and 26 Dileges and universities have acknowl- lged this publicly. --- ? 'Research VaHed Inquiries at these institutions disclosed -tat C.I.A. research on campus varied -am innocuous sociological surveys to :sts aimed at finding better. ways to ad. sinister drugs to unsuspecting subjects. the attitudes of current administrators itewise ran the gamut from outrage to itdifference.' : _ ,..,... ; s The passage of time, more than 20 years some cases; the C.I.A.'s secretiveness wring the project and the fragmentary ature of the records the C.I.A. has made . ailable to universities have combined, most.cases, to make a reconstruction what happened difficult or impossible. At many universities, money for these rojects? was channeled through founda , ens so that neither the university nor e professor doing the research knew we true sponsor or purpose of the work. aciological, cultural and anthropological -tidies were financed through the Society r the Investigation. of Human Ecology, ised at Cornell Unversity. Biochemical od medical research was often financed rough the Geschickter Fund for Medical search Inc., headed by. Dr. Charles Ges- :ickter,. ,a ,-Georgetown University? -pa- alagist . ;az'd to Pin Down Sense of injury "'d feel that I've been done an injury, personally, by the C.I.A.," said Dr. Antho- ny J. Wiener, who in 1937 received a . $12,000 grant from the Society for the Investigation of Human Ecology. At..;hat . t'me Dr. Wiener was a guest at the Mas- sachusetts Institute of Technolo?y's Cen- ter for International Studies; -wi Herman Kahn, he later wrote tb "The Year 2000." "I would not have lent myself- kind of deception, and I don't thir should have practiced any sort of tion on me," ' Dr. Wiener said. When he first heard about the s Dr. Wiener said, he was lookii money with which to continue a of the social role of Soviet sell Twenty years later he learned tl: C.I.A. hoped to find out "what 4 can be developed in spotting and ing such persons as potential age cruits" from his study. . - "They made no attempt to poi in that direction," Dr. Wiener said I never gave them any material for Eying potential defectors. That was interest at all." . . 7 Projects at Stanford "We've been made guinea pigs, said Robert Freelen, director of g went relations at Stanford, which i tingly lent its name to seven C.I. search projects. These ranged from vey of the literature on human groups to a project that simply chai money to a psychiatrist, a . meml the Stanford clinical faculty, who ii paid for such enterprises as a sure the ways in which criminals gave to the unsuspecting.. ... The Stanford _pEojects were fin `either' through foundations' or tl payments made directly to clinical members, thus bypassing the uni Mr. Freelen said he was not su the university could guard again in the future. ? 'Obviously there's", to how much investigation you cait-do on the sources of funds and their credibil- Ity," he said. "If they lie and you believe; I don't know how that problem- gets. solved." Stanford has been making public every piece of information it can gather about its past involvement with the C.I.A: s mind control research. . It, was the first institution with any major. involvement.:' In the program: to do so, although- the: University of Denver which hosted a small experiment ? In-. hypnosis, tracked., down those details with vigor and made i For Release 2 (f J''2Mi9SecrA~Rn -`O 3i.5.R0~0400260036- STAT SPAT ST/JT STAT