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Document Creation Date: 
December 20, 2016
Document Release Date: 
December 18, 2006
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Publication Date: 
October 9, 1977
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PDF icon CIA-RDP88-01315R000400330002-3.pdf116.69 KB
Approved For Release 2006/12/19: CIA-RDP88-01315 By JO THOMAS Special to The New York Times WASHINGTON, Oct. 8-Despite three I ays of Congressional hearings, no one! et knows the degree to which some of he nation's most prominent universities :ere. compromised in the Central Intelli- -ence Agency's secret mind-control re- earth in the 1950's and 1960's. -- Adm. Stansfield Turner, the Director _ ' Central Intelligence, said in Cohgres- Tonal ' testimony last August that the _.LA:. covertly sponsored research at 80 nstitutions,. including 44 -colleges 'and niversities,. from 1953 to 1963. The re- earol} was. part of the :-project . code-.' amed MK-ULTRA, which sought to con- rol human behavior through such means s hypnosis', drugs and brainwashing. I! The Senate Health Subcommittee, ^hich ,wanted to hear the academicians'1 ?action, quietly invited the presidents) if 20'institutions to testify at its hearings! ept' 20 and 21. Only one president ac spted; he was not scheduled to. testify ncause all the others declined, explain-` mg .that they had previous engagements.. The list of the 80 institutions given a Senate, investigators is still classified, at 'each of those institutions has been :)tified separately by the-C.I.A. that in :);ne..way, knowingly or unknowingly. played host to C.I.A. research, and 26 DIleges and universities have acknowl- 3ged this publicly. ' - - ' - ? ._ -,:..Research Varied; Inquiries at these institutions disclosed iiat C.I.A. resew rch on campus varied om innocuous sociological surveys to sts aimed at finding better ways to ad- mister drugs to unsuspecting subjects. -re attitudes of current administrators iewise ran the gamut from outrage to difference. '' .. ...: ?-; ; + The passage of Mime, 'more than 20 yearn some cases: the C.I.A.'s secretiveness -ring the. project and the fragmentary ature of the records the C.I.A. has made -ailable to universities have combined, most-cases, to make a reconstruction what happened difficult or impossible. At many universities, money for these -ojects? was channeled through founda- ans so that neither the university nor e professor doing the research knew e true sponsor or purpose of the work. -ciological, cultural and anthropological -idies were financed through the Society r the Investigation of Human Ecology, wed at Cornell University. Biochemical -d medical research was often financed rough the Geschickter Fund for Medical search Inc., headed by. Dr. Charles Ges- ickter.. a ,-Georgetown University. -pa-] tme Dr. Wiener was a guest at the Mas- sachusetts Institute of Technolo7y's Cen- jExtent of UniversityWork-for CIA.; THE NEW YORK TIMES,..SUIVDAY, OCTOBER 9.1977 Is;;Hard to Pin D Sense of Injury Investigation of Human Ecology. At, that I nv 'J. Wiener, who in 1957 received a own ter for International Studies, wi -Herman Kahn, he later wrote .th "The Year 2000." "I would not have lent myself kind of deception, and I don't thir should have practiced any sort of tion on me," Dr. Wiener said. - When he first heard about the ess Dr. Wiener said, he was lookii money with which-.to continue a of the social role of Soviet scit Twenty 'years later he learned tl' .C.I.A. hoped to find out "what a can be developed in spotting and ing such persons as potential ag( cruits" from his study.. . - "They made no attempt to poi in that direction," Dr. Wiener said I never gave them any material for fying potential defectors. That was interest at all." . . 1. to how much investigation you'caiti-do on the sources of funds and their credibil= ity," he said. "If they lie and you believe, I don't know how that problem' gets- . 1 . ,. . solved." Stanford has been making public every piece of information it can gather about its past involvement with the C.I.A: s mind control research. It, was the first institution with any 'major. Involvement: in the program` to do so, although' the: University of Denver; which hosted a : 'small experiment ? in , hypnosis, tracked.- members, thus bypassing the univ Mr. Freelen said he was not sur the university could guard again: payments made directly to clinical f the ways in which criminals gave to the unsuspecting.- ..... _.z . The Stanford .projects, were fin 7 Projects at Stanford "We've been made guinea pigs, said Robert Freelen, director of g meat relations at Stanford, which i .tingly lent its name to seven C.I. search projects. These ranged from vey of the literature on human groups to a project that simply chai money to a psychiatrist, a, mein) the Stanford clinical faculty, who ii paid for such enterprises as a sun STAT STAT -. i . nlogist. . . _ .. _ " s::: .; ; ....:..~ "d For Release 2%'I~f~se`~IA8~t~1:S17R.Db04003300N