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December 16, 2016
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December 8, 2004
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August 13, 1979
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Approved For Release 2005/01/12 : CIA-RDP88-01315R00040036QO1 1RTIc LI APPEAP. ON PA Cr ; ___L'~ AVIATION WEEK & SPACE TECHNOLOGY 13 August 1979 a Zlln-_11 9__ emrmolll V^ ZWQ_.;;d,*s L&F t Calls for bigger appropriations coming from SALT hearings generate requirements across tactical, strategic spectrum Washington-Demands for more defense spending emerging from the Strategic Arms Limitation (SALT 2) hearings have generated military shopping lists that illuminate a i wide range of perceived needs from tactical air defense to accelerated development of strategic weaponry. Defense Dept. officials are expressing confidence that Carter Administration promises to meet the North Atlantic Treaty Organization commitment for a 3% real annual growth in military spending will give them a chance either to push weapons development or increase acquisition. Senate sentiment on linking boosted spending with SALT 2 ratification is divided, with one faction, represented by Sens. Sam Nunn (D.-Ga.), John Tower (R.-Tex.) and Henry Jackson (D.-Wash.), calling for a 5% real increase that they said would yield a 12-15% hike in such real investment as weapons, ships, equip- ment and research and development, if program efficiency improves. `Gravely Concerned' Another group of 12 senators told Presi- dent Carter in a letter they are "gravely concerned over these attempts to tie arms procurement to arms control." They added that they support the Administration's announced commitment to avoid escalat- ing defense costs merely to gain Senate ratification of the accord. Defense Dept. optimism was reflected by one official who said: "If there is a windfall from SALT, SALT will have served the useful purpose of focusing attention on growing strategic asymmetry. The Senate will get educated and rebuke its Budget Committee before this is over." In terms of strategic weapons, defensive measures often were uppermost in the minds of officials, as they were in discus- sions of tactical needs. Ballistic missile defense, or the lack of it, has raised some immediate concerns. "The U. S. has been putting 100% of its eggs in the retaliatory basket," John M. Collins, senior specialist in national defense for the Library of Congress, said. "It's the only major power in recorded history to repudiate defense." He added that bringing ballistic missile defense progress up to the level of Soviet research and development will require more than money. "It's critical to get two things," Collins said. "We need more command attention and the kind of dedi- cated, concentrated brainpower that went into the Manhattan Project and the trip to the moon." ' Other officials closer to the decision- making apparatus said ballistic missile defense may have to take a back seat to other needs if more money becomes avail- able. "We're already spending a quarter billion dollars a year on ballistic missile defense research and development," one Pentagon official said. "Pushing it to design a system that will fit MX [mobile missile] may call for a slight increase in money." An Army ballistic missile defense offi- cial was optimistic about U. S. compari- sons with Soviet advances, but he did note that some more money will be needed to go from the current technological program to prototype demonstration. "We are running studies on what it would take to adapt low-altitude defense technology to defense of an MX system," he said. "Consideration is being given to going further down the road toward such a system, but there's been no formal guid- ance to proceed with it." i Money being spent now is divided between advanced technology for long- term ballistic missile defense, such as charged particle beam weapons, signal processing and optical sensors, and a systems technology program for plugging in the component work transferred from advanced technology. "Congress instructed us to limit the program to pretty much component-level work," the official said. "We're not into prototyping systems yet." The MX itself attracted some attention from those who want to see its 'initial operational capability date pushed up at i tional capability moved from 1989 to 1988. An Air Force official estimated that require more initial funding, may mean a S1.3-billion savings in overhead, most of which is inflated dollars . Other strategic programs that officials said needed tunding soon include: 31 A Boeing 8-52 replacement, the main function of which could be cruise-missile carriage, with some penetration capabili- ty. s Trident 2 missile. ? High-altitude supersonic bomber with radar absorption. N Improvements to the Minuteman missile airborne launch control system, which is "pretty high on the list and pretty cheap," according to one Defense official. The system also would be used for the MX. is Upgrading of the sonar system on the Poseidon submarine. Strategic Gap As to the air-launched cruise missile, the system that is expected to help fill an early-1980s strategic gap, a Pentagon offi- cial said: "I don't think it can be pushed any quicker than it is. There's a hell of a lot of concurrency on it. Once we do get the IOC [initial operational capability] we could step up production rates." "That might mean pushing the cruise- missile carrier to go with it," he said. "But there are reservations about whether we need a carrier aircraft. Some people believe the B-52 will be a satisfactory cruise-missile carrier long after it ceases being a penetrator." CQNTIrw Approved For Release 2005/01/12 : CIA-RDP88-01315R000400360017-4 Approved For Release 2005/01/12 : CIA-RDP88-01315R000400360017-4 The "moot pressing need," according to He also addressed what he called a high-ranking Air Force official, is inequities in balance: modernization of the manned penetrator "if we're talking about priorities for force. One of the more immediate alterna- more money, my highest is for ballistic five, would be to fund a Strategic Air missile defense, which is a priority for our Command proposal for General Dynamics allies, too, and tactical air defense in FB-111 and F-Ill modifications. The NATO. total cost is estimated at S6 billion and "I'm not as excited as others are about could include some Fiscal 1980 supple- the Backfire threat to Conus [continental mental money and about SI billion in U. S.I. It does have intercontinental capa- Fiscal 1981, according to one official. bility but is primarily designed to replace He said it would involve converting 66 the Badger and to be used as a naval FB-l t l As and fewer than 100 F-l t 1 Ds system. They don't need it against into FB-1 l 1 Bs and FB-1 1]Cs. The region- Conus." figured aircraft would have about the Close-in tactical air defense improve- range and payload of the B-52G, due menu also received the support of several largely to raising fuel capacity and teen- officials. Beyond its lack of quantity, the gining with the General Electric F101 in Navy's biggest problem, Collins said, is the canceled Rockwell International B-I cruise missile defense. bomber. A less likely immediate alterna- "If we want the Navy to keep control of tive, the official added, would be ordering the seas and reinforce and resupply the B-I back into production. Europe and maintain our commitments to Another proposal would call for new Japan and Korea and keep the petroleum engines on the Boeing KC-135 tanker lines clear, then survival of the Navy is the fleet. One official said the Pratt & Whit- highest priority." bant on ne e ra 1 -1- " y' t'"` p ` One answer to the cruise missile threat is the "most fuel-inefficient engine flying could be the General Dynamics Phalanx, today. It's also the noisiest and the dirtiest. an automatic, all-weather, shipboard gun If it were on a commercial airliner, it defense. For defense of NATO ground wouldn't be allowed to land anywhere in troops and installations, the Army will the U. S." conduct a competitive shootout next sum- In the area of continental defense, any mer for DIVAD [division air defense]. discussion of more funding usually centers Genera] Dynamics. which is basing its on the need to modernize the interceptor entry on Phalanx technology, will compete force, made up now mostly of ,McDonnell with Ford Aerospace. Douglas F-101s, General Dynamics F- Finally, a factor that could enter into 106s and McDonnell Douglas F-4 aircraft. how extra funds are spent is the politically Among replacements being considered is a sensitive concept of NATO cooperation. combination of the McDonnell Douglas Among the candidates for the proposed F-15 and the Grumman F-14. Air Force enhanced tactical fighter pro- From a Navy point of view, one gram is the Panavia Tornado (Aw&sT congressional aide familiar with that Mar. 19, p. 13). The concept is for service's needs said the most urgent is for day/night all-weather attack for European more tactical aircraft procurement. "The warfare. Navy has to buy more than they're Grumman Aerospace Corp., which has requesting just to maintain their force," he agreed to aid the European consortium in said. "To maintain 12 carrier wings and preparing the Tornado for USAF needs, three Marine wings, one study said they complained recently that U. S. restrictions need 180 aircraft a year just to keep the are stymieing efforts to exchange data current force structure. But they [Defense between the two companies. Grumman Dept.] are not asking for that much." hopes to overcome that temporary road- Collins pursued that point in noting that block by pointing out that the Tornado, the U. S. military has relied traditionally which already has all-weather capability, on quality rather than quantity due to is in an advantageous competitive spot. strategic nuclear superiority and a techno- Vitalij Garber, director of international logical edge. "Now that [technological] programs in the Office of the Secretary of gap's closing and the other guys are ahead Defense for Research and Engineering, in some areas, particularly ground said he does not want the fighter selection forces." process to be tied to SALT ratification. "As an. Air Force pilot says," Collins He added that the NATO issues of ration- explained, " `I'm flying the best air-supe- alization, standardization and interopera- riority fighter in the world and I have a bility (RSI) should be divorced from kill ratio of 6-to-1. That means the seventh requirements and source selection. guy gets me.' We've got the best, but we "I want to insure that the evaluation is (;oN'j'j1V~T'i~ don't have enough of them. And, we have objective and fair and not torpedoed by such a small reserve to play with that if we bureaucratic impediments," Garber told commit it in the wrong place, we're AW&ST. "I'm not a champion of Tornad dead." Approved For Relec"-e X05,/01/1Sti;nP1 -RQP" 11Q.1133f5F2000400360017-4 impediments." Approved For Release 2005/01/12 : CIA-RDP88-01315R000400360017-4 Presidential Approval of Racetrack Expected, Washington-Final presidential approval of the racetrack concept for the hasing of the MX mobile missile (Awasr July 23, p. 14) is expected by the end of this month or early in September. The system, a hybrid of previous concepts that also is being called a horizontal multiple protective shelter, gained general approval at an Aug. 7 meeting of the Presidential Review Council. A Defense Dept. official said council members asked for clarification of details on such aspects as verification and survivability. If the Air Force's answers are satisfacto- ry, a recommendation will be sent to President Carter, who is expected to transmit his decision to Congress. The Air Force claims this system, in which transporter-erector-launchers would move the new missile among horizontal shelters at the ends of spokes emanating from the track, is the least costly alternative that can meet the needs of verification and the quick movement and concealment needed for survivability. So far, public acceptance of the MX in Southwestern states has met Defense Dept. expectations. Each of the less than 5,000 shelters would be surrounded by a fence enclosing about 2.5 acres. Defense officials predict that public access, including use of the racetrack roads themselves, will enhance recreational use of acreage that previously was difficult to reach. Approved For Release 2005/01/12 : CIA-RDP88-01315R000400360017-4