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November 1, 1978
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Approved For Release 2005/01/13: CIA-RDP88-01315R0 Volume 1, Number 3 A Quarterly Publication of the Security and Intelligence Fund The disgraceful and dangerous decline of the prestige and vigilance of our intelligence community has never been so marked as at this hour. Only the other day in Washington, on October25, there was this astonishing admission before the National Press Club by Admiral Stanfield Turner, head of the long trusted service created by the Congress 31 years. ago to serve as the "eyes and ears" of our national security systems "in the nineteen months that I have been Director of the Central Intelligence Agency, I have come into the habit of screening the press clips first thing every morning. I almost hold my breath until I know if today's disclosures include some of our sensitive sources of intelligence. Sometimes it comes out as a leak, sometimes from the forced testimony of one of our officers in court and sometimes from the suppoena of a document or notes." Then Admiral Turner went something even more dismaying: "Allied intelligence services are losing confidence that we.. can keep a secret. We suspect that some are holding back information. One recently withdrew a proposal for a joint covert action which would have been beneficial) to both nations. it did so when reminded that 11 must notify eight committees of Congress of every covert action. They could not imagine that the plan would not leak." Three days later, in Chicago, Director of the Federal Bureau of investigation, judge William H. Webster, in a talk on the subject of law enforcement, at a luncheon sponsored by that City's Crime Commission, cited statistics that were hardly less disturbing. The Associated Press in its report on )udge Webster's remarks quoted him as saying that some 1,900 "spies" from the Soviet bloc--meaning the Soviet Union plus its satellites - are already operating inside our borders, that their numbers have doubled over the past twelve.years, and that 100 new ones had entered the country during the three preceding months.* "They are here," he said gravely, noting that their work "is not something that occurs only in a James Bond movie." He proceeded to list their primary fields of interest - not. only the classical secrets in the.Pentagon, but also our most valuable technological secrets in microelectronics, lasers, computers, nuclear energy and aerospace. - There is certainly no want of recent public documentation of the causes for their concern. In Admiral Turner's situation, there was the electrifying arrest late in August by the FBI, of the junior CIA watch officer, William Kampiles, who allegedly stole one of the Agency's three top-secret manuals describing the technical characteristics of our most advanced reconnaissance satellite, the KH-11, and sold it to the KGB. (At the start of Kampiles' trial, in Hammond, Indiana, on November 6, the Department of justice made the staggering. disclosure that a survey of government agencies, all supposedly under iron-clad security, has revealed that 13 other copies are missing from the safes and cannot be accounted fore In Judge Webster's situation, there was the highly publicized conviction by a New Jersey jury on October 30, of two Soviet KGS employees of the United Nations, Valdik Enger and Rudolf Chernyayev, who were sentenced to fifty years in jail for trying to buy from a U.S. naval officer the secret details of an anti- submarine weapon system. And, finally, again relative to Admiral Turner's responsibilities, there is the acutely embarrassing and costly behavior of the renegade CIA officer; Philip Agee, who is making a career out of exposing CIA operations, real or falsified, and of blowing the cover of the Agency's officers engaged in *The FBI's public relations office subsequently stated that judge Webster spoke from notes and that the figure of 1900 was used only in connection with the Soviet officials accredited to this country. The Bureau stood by his count of the latest augumentation in the ranks of Soviet bloc spies, however.._...:... ... . .... ....:.; The Situation?teport h published quarterly by the Security and Intelligence Fund for its members. Approved For; Release 2005/01/13 : CIA-RDP8$-0.1315R000400420004-1_' Approved For Release 2005/01/13 : CIA-RDP88-01315R000400420004-1 A reasonably attentive citizen who has tracked the fall of the fortunes of the CIA and the FBI since the onslaught of the Church and Pike committees of the Congress three years ago, could have hardly escaped a sense of irony, even a trace of crude hypocrisy, in the complaints of these foremost custodians of the national security. For on the same day that Admiral Turner was wringing his hands in the presence of the Washington press corps over his inability to stopper the leakage of the national secrets and three days before judge Webster was supplying the senior members of the Chicago bar with the latest count on the swelling number of "spies" in our midst, President Carter signed a bill that all but extinguishes the Presidential authority, under the constitutional sanction afforded the Executive power, to put suspected leakers and would-be traitors under timely surveillance. Both of them in their high office appeared as witnesses in enthusiastic support of that bill. They spoke up for its claimed merits before the concerned committees of Congress. Now the realities they rashly chose to ignore are crowding them and they do not seem to know how to cope with the growing threat to the nation, committed as they seemingly have been to the administration's course of populist expediency that has gravely weakened the capabilities of its own intelligence and security agencies to meet it. A LOST BATTLE This particular piece of legislation, introduced in the Senate as 5-1566 and in the House as HR-7308, has become known as the Electronic Surveillance bill. Defined narrowly, it .stipulates the conditions under which the counterintelligence services are permitted to put wire-taps and other forms of surveillance on foreign and American individuals, or groups, suspected of being engaged in espionage. From Franklin Roosevelt's time, - Presidents have considered themselves empowered under the authority vested in them by the Constitution to order such eavesdropping in the interest of national security. Six years ago, however, the Supreme Court ruled that the practice was unconstitutional when used against Americans, and resident aliens unless authorized by a Federal court, and furthermore, the President's right to use it even against foreigners without sanction of the courts was suddenly thrown into question. Now the Congress has attempted to resolve the issue, at least for the time being, by subjecting this extremely delicate and indispensible counterintelligence function to a process that can only be described as a triumph of civil libertarian faith over the realities of espionage and subversion. Where the target is a foreigner, or a foreign establishment, a warrant for the wire-tap must now be obtained from a rotating panel of seven Federal judges nominated by the Chief Justice of the Supreme Court. Additionally, the several Congressional committees concerned with intelligence must be made privy to the operation and their approval sought at the risk of the high likelihood of leakage which such a process invites. Where the designated target is an American, the restrictions are even more severe. The Government is obliged to produce proof that a crime of espionage or terrorism is in all probability in preparation, if not actually in process -- proof no self respecting KGB agent is hardly likely to leave strewn about. Senator Edward Kennedy of Massachusetts pushed the measure through the Congress. He had the help of a powerful coalition of anti- CIA/FBI lobbies, led by the American Civil Liberties Union and the Center for National Security Studies, a left-wing political action group headed by Morton Halpern whose role In the publication of the Pentagon Papers established him as a master wrecker of national The Situation Report is published quarterly by the Security and Intelligence Fund, Inc., Suite 500, 499 South Capitol Street, S.W., Washington, D.C. 20003. Phone (202) 484-1560. Chairman ._.._....._...._._ ..................... James Angleton President Ambassador Elbridge Durbrow The Situation Report is available by subscription or through Security and Intelligence Fund membership. Annual subscription rates: United States, U.S. possessions and Canada, $5 per year. Additional copies are available at $.25 each postpaid. Copyright ? 1978 by the Security and Intelligence Fund, Inc. All rights reserved, however, any material herein may be reproduced if context is preserved and if attributed to the Security and Intelligence Fund. Printed in U.S.A. Approved For Release 2005/01/13 : CIA-RDP88-01315R000400420004-1`.. securitysafeguacr?~ou Ftoun"dolppo ed~fie/bi~f.13 : CI DP8o8-Q~ l1e a ~o4ffieq~qi ylCauncil, are Our first two Situation Reports analyzed its the front-line supporters of the bill inside the inherent faults at considerable length. Right up Government: they and their aids drafted it. to the last hour, in the closing days of the 2nd Outside, its most ardent backers include the session of the 95th Congress, there was a good American Civil Liberties Union, and Mr. chance that the bill could be killed. Senator Halpern's newly formed Center for National Wallop of Wyoming and Representative Security Studies. Hardly less active is the McClory of Illinois labored sturdily and Committee for Public justice, a group which brilliantly in opposition, but a filbuster being would abolish all intelligence operations within mounted to stave off a vote failed to develop our borders. Featured among its founders is the because of missed signals: and on Monday writer Lillian Hellman, equally celebrated in evening, October 9, half and hour before both communist and anti-communist circles for midnight, the bill was passed. her resort to the Fifth Amendment some years While an important battle has been lost, the ago before Congress when confronted with the campaign has not, fortunately for the question of whether she was a communist or intelligence community. The Electronic consorted with communists. Surveillance measure represents only a fraction, The ostensible purpose of the authors of S- albeit a significant fraction, of the omnibus bill 2525 is to confer a new charter on the for reorganizing the entire intelligence intelligence community, one that will govern its community and setting the boundaries of its operations and the scope of its responsibilities. work and authority. That measure is designated What is bewildering is that they have set out to as S-2525; its formal name is the National do all this without first defining the magnitude Intelligence and Reform Act and the Electronic of the threat with which it is expected to Surveillance law constitutes Title III of its six contend. I n point of fact, Executive Order 12036, constituent parts. The principal objective of the drafted largely by the same people and issued by whole Act, set forth in Title 1, is to herd the entire President Carter on January 26, is already intelligence community with its diverse talents operating inside the community with all the and departmental interests, into one vast force of a charter. Passage of the bill will, in bureaucratic corral responsible to a single super practical terms, codify in formal legislation what Director who would be responsive in more or is already in action and, if anything,. further less equal measure to eight committees of tighten the constraints on the intelligence Congress as well as to the President. Titles IV, V, community. For us, the members of this Fund, and VI define the separate functions to be the controlling factor in the strategy seeking a assigned to the Central Intelligence Agency, the thoroughgoing recasting of the legislation is the Federal Bureau of investigation and the National fact that the struggle has just begun; the lost Security Agency respectively, while Title 11 action over the Electronic Surveillance bill, Title narrow their authority to act against ,111, was only a skirmish. Titles 1,11, IV,V, and VI Americans suspected of being engaged in have not yet reached the floor of either house. espionage. In a word, it seeks to fence in the In fact, none of the bill has yet been reported counterintelligence function, the primary out of committee. So nothing beyond recall has defense against spies, traitors and subversives. been settled. The fate of S-2525 moves into the Your Fund, in earlier Situation Reports, new Congress, which looks to be more sensible analyzed S-2525 in its many faulty, even .in the matter of security issues than did the last. dangerous aspects, and solicited your support In the course of the coming debate, which is for its defeat. The bill is a distillation of the certain to be prolonged and. bitter, the bill, a phobias and fantiasies entertained by the huge document currently running to some 263 Church and Pike Committees which separately pages, should be thoroughly rewritten, Title Ill set out to prove, in their sensation-seeking along with the rest. hearings in 1975, that the American intelligence That is the comforting . circumstance -- community and the CIA in particular had rung perhaps the only one --.. in the existing amok and (in the words of Senator Church) was . legislative situation to keep in mind. The behaving like "a rogue elephant", indifferent to campaign against S-2525 has only just begun. the will of Congress and out of the President's control. Senator Church,. Vice President SPIES AND LEAKERS Mondale who was Church's principal lieutenant Undoing the damage inflicted upon the during the hearings, and Mr. David Aaron, then national intelligence functions by the Church a member of Mondale's staff and now a deputy _ and Pike Committees and their liberal-left allies Approved For Release 2005/01/?3 CIA-RDP88-01315R000400420004-1 is at best bgp1p0rr&y6i88F ~f i f g process. Much more than their capability to collect information abroad and mount covert political actions in support of allied governments has been lost or all but crippled. The government's ability to protect secrets associated with our military resources and strategic plans and policies has also been gravely weakened. 5-2525, for example, would provide stern criminal sanctions for "egregious intrusions" by the intelligence community on the privacy of Americans, but it is all but muteon the sanctions that should be allowed the government in fending off or punishing those Americans who intrude on the national security by leaking classified information in quarters not entitled to it or passing it on to foreign agents. This neglected side of the great question of the proper role of national intelligence in a democratic society has been the subject of a year's study by the Senate intelligence Committee's subcommittee on Secrecy and Disclosure. Its report was published on October 10. The findings, reflecting the civil libertarian biases of its majority members, were hardly sensational. In its examination of some 40 cases involving violations of national security statutes it was unable to find a single example of the successful prosecution of a leaker of classified information to a publication. in classical espionage situations, where such information was passed on to foreign agents, the subcommittee discovered that prosecution was often stayed because a trial and a successful prosecution would compel the exposure of classified information harmful to the national security. About all that the subcommittee's learned report does for the enlightenment of the public in a difficult problem affecting the condition of our national - security, is to confirm an unmanageable phenomenon that had been in view ever since the leak of the Pentagon papers. It is that there has been, among other damaging consequences, a disastrous breakdown in the administration of 'the criminal espionage statutes, most conspicuously in cases of leaks. The trouble arises in large degree because of an impasse between the Department of Justice, charged with enforcing the criminal law, and the directors of the various intelligence agencies, charged with protecting sources and methods. it stands to reason that the more sensitive the information, the more difficult it is for the intelligence community to open to the law enforcement branch the material the latter must have to bring leakers and spies to justice. "The IA-1 8 vaRq 4A8jP2dd6W jo the law," the Subcommittee observes rather sanctimoniously, "and protection of national security is a fairly fragile one". But not so fragile, let us pray, that the dilemma cannot be resolved short of moving on to a system of secret trials of the kind permitted under the British Official Secrets Acts. Senator Wallop, a member of the subcommittee, has proposed one way around the problem, in the case of leakers. It is that the question of whether a leak of classified documents was or was not made, be decided in public trial. The question of the harm done to the national security, a consideration apart from the question of the accused's guilt or innocence, or even his motive, would be tried in camera by a judge cleared for access to pertinent secrets, with or without a cleared jury, but with cleared attorneys. But the majority members, while conceding that "a major recasting" of the espionage acts may be overdue, were prepared to settle for marginal changes, such as one that would give judges more authority in excluding sensitive evidence in espionage cases. They did agree, however, that something has to be done about punishing those who willfully disclose the names of American intelligence agents. it's about time. PHILIP AGEE'S NASTY WAR Because of these frustrations, present and in the making, a feeling of anxiety bordering on paralysis has gripped our intelligence services, and most acutely our first line of defense - counterintelligence. A dismaying example in full public view is the helplessness of the Central Intelligence Agency's leadership in the face of the malign challenge of the man named Philip Agee, long a trusted undercover officer on the covert side of the house. Mr. Agee's case deserves close study by those of us who are alarmed by the sudden vulnerability of the CIA to destruction by deserters from its own long unbroken ranks. For his effrontery offers chilling instruction in how closely, in the fog of legalisms that has settled over the statutory authority and sanctions of the national security bodies, a mischevious man can sail so close to the wind in a betrayal vergingon treason and get away with it. Mr. Agee is 43. It has been reported that he has taken up a furitive residence in Rome. He left the CIA in 1968, while posted in Mexico City, after 11 years of service, mostly in Latin America. His marriage had failed, he was discontented and his estranged wife was threatening to expose his calling. (By his own account, he was 4 Approved For Release 2005/01/13 : CIA-RDP88-01315R000400420004-1 attached to heprOleympic urganlza io/01/13 :C impat D deriives rrom i gee it Y1in naming Committee, where he worked with friendly 170 CIA colleagues and friendly agents, all agents who had access to members of the Soviet previously under essential and presumably delegation, which also served as cover for the inviolable cover, whom he has worked with in KGB.) The respite afforded the CIA by his going Latin America, or knew, or speculated about. was short-lived. Three years later Mr. Agee Worse still, he revealed, in detail, a number of threw off his old CIA cover himself, crossed over intelligence operations which he was sworn, by to the other side and set about the shabby the oath of his employment, never to divulge. business of exposing to our foes the names and THE COSTLY CONSEQUENCES activities of his brother officers in the traditionally reticent profession of intelligence, Because Mr. Agee placed his book with a and whatever information he was able to ferret British publisher, Penguin, the Government out about others, who were strangers to him. Agency was powerless to stop him, his oath Where he has been cunning has been in notwithstanding. Few books by an unknown evading the stigma of traitor. He has not openly writer have caused so much damage to a renounced his allegiance to the United States, as national institution. To our general misfortune, ordinary defectors do. Nor has he called the Mr. Agee knew a great deal about American country an enemy, as an avowed traitor would political and intelligence anti-communist do. The sinister and unique path which Mr. activities in Latin America - their aims and Agee treads, still holding American citizenship, scope, as well as the managers. His disclosures stops short of all that. His betrayal, he would forced an emergency recasting of the Agency's have innocents believe, is concerned only with establishment south of the Rio Grande. In the business of his former agency which he . money terms, the out-of-pocket costs to the tax- describes as "the secret police of American payer of shifting officers whose covert capitalism". His single minded aim, so he avows, assignments have been bared, and pensioning is to destroy that agency, if he can, for the higher off or transplanting active agents of influence purpose, in his distorted vision, of purifying-the whose usefulness had been destroyed, ran to American role in the world. millions of dollars. (More than 100 agents, some Mr. Agee's weapons are a typewriter, the of them highly placed in their own countries, classified information in his head, and a driving and all sharing American aims, either broke off ambition, as he recently put it, "to bring about the collaboration in fury or had to betakenfrom the abolition of the CIA and a total end to the roster because they became marked men.) American interference in the affairs of other The careers of CIA officers, many of them in the countries". He has published two books, prime of usefulness, were summarily contributed many articles to the radical press, interrupted and diverted; and the anguish and launched a radical magazine, all aimed at visited upon their families, not to mention the achieving his declared purpose by (1) fanning physical danger to them, that went with the liberal-left's outcry against the agency; (2) exposure, must be included in the final cost. (A luring the Congressional committees and the year before, in 1974, the CIA Station Chief in press into never-ending "exposures" of CIA Athens, Greece, Mr. Richard Welch, was people and their activities and (3) mobilizing a assassinated after a now defunct radical journal, world-wide campaign from within and without CounterSpy, with which Agee had become to reduce it to impotence. associated, put him in the bull's eye by naming His first book, which- purports to be him as a CIA officer. autobiographical, is entitled "Inside the Even so, the costliest consequences of Philip Company: CIA Diary", published in 1975. It Agee, in the long run, was the damage to the appears to have been written, in its various parts, agency's reputation among the friendly in Mexico City, Paris and London; financed by intelligence services with whichithadworkedin communist and probably KGB sources, and mutual trust and confidence for three decades. fleshed out with information, more than a little Senior officials of the Agency confirm that of it either false or mendaciously misleading, Admiral Turner was telling an unpleasant truth acquired bytheauthor'sclandestineexcursions, when he admitted that a number of these under various aliases, to Soviet bloc sources in services have lately been less than forthcoming Moscow,. Havana, Mexico City and other Latin with information valuable to the common American capitals. interest. The reason for their caution is hardly As a piece of literature, "Inside the surprising: our friends have lost confidence in Company" is not a work of art. Its sensational the ability of the American government, in the Approved For Release 2005/01113: CIA-RDP88-0131 5R000400420004-1 Approved For R lease 2005 1/13 present climate of our politics, to ho the malcontents in the rank of its intelligence services to their oaths of secrecy. In the welter of mischief, the Department of Justice chose to stand aloof at that juncture, Mr. Agee having decided to stay out of its jurisdiction by giving the American shores a wide berth. It was our European allies who finally moved to put him out of bounds. Between June, 1977, and May, 1978, five NATO governments declared his personna non grata, one after the other - Britain in June, 1976, the French in August, the West Germans in December, the Dutch, who had given him sanctuary after the British deported him, the folowing March and the Norwegians in May. The Germans gave no reasons for running Agee off the promises. Nor did the Norwegians feel it necessary to explain why they turned him back at the frontier. The Dutch ruled only that his conduct "could be detrimental to ... good relations with other powers" and the French noted cryptically Agee's "past behaviour" and the unwanted "consequences that some of his current activities" could engender. It is the British handling of Agee which affords us Americans a reasonable model for grasping the constitutional nettle which a depriving action of this sort demands, pitting as it does the security of the state against the civil or First Amendment rights of the individual. In November, 1976, the Home Secretary, Mr. Merlyn Rees, put Agee on notice that he proposed to send him packing under the 1971 Immigration Act. That law allows the Home Secretary, as the Cabinet member charged with defending internal security within the United Kingdom, to deport an undesirable alien without a public disclosure of his reasons. It suffices for him to lay the evidence before an independent advisory panel, made up in Mr. Agee's case, of a distinguished lawyer, a retired senior Civil Servant and a retired trade unionist. The defendant is free to make his representations before the panel in camera, but the panel is not bound on its side to expose the merits of the case laid before it. The panel thus serves as a shield for the sources of the Government's intelligence, usually the highly competent counter-intelligence service, MI-5. By bringing forward dozens of witnesses and a troupe of left-wing lawyers, including the former U.S. Attorney General, Ramsay Clark, Mr. Agee managed to drag out the hearings into May, 1977. His British prosecutors never told him in detail why they werethrowing him out. In an obvious ploy to elicit a response, he C A-RDP88-01315R000400420004-1 speculated in a press interview that the provocation could have been his visit to Jamaica during-the previous September, when he raised the charge that the CIA had plotted to unseat the popular Prime Minister of the former British possession, Michael Manley, and he named U.S. Embassy officials as the alleged plotters. That would itself have been cause enough for a friendly country to find him unwelcome; but Agee's wild shot drew no return fire. In Parliament, the House of Commons upheld the order of expulsion by 138 to 4, and the Home Secretary threw Agee out of Britain under the shadow of a finding that he "had maintained regular contacts harmful tothe United Kingdom with foreign intelligence officers" and "disseminated information that endangers British security".* - - "OUR" MAN IN HAVANA All this was so much water on Agee's wheel. He was acquiring an international reputation as a CIA turncoat. While the British findingwasstill in suspense, he gave an interview on Australian television in which he credited five alleged CIA officers in Canberra, whom he named, with masterminding the overthrow of the left-wing Whitlam Labor government two years earlier. And a month later, a radical magazine in Athens, "Anti", brought out an article by him which identified as CIA officers some 64 Americans attached to the American Embassy in Athens together with 175 more whom he alleged to have served there earlier --under diplomatic cover. He supplied what read like plausible descriptions of various intelligence operations in which they were engaged and, for good measure, in still other "revelations", he turned a lurid eye on U.S. intelligence operations in Sub- Sahara Africa, and Indonesia. .. :_ Now in full cry, Agee has returned to his relentless pursuit of a wounded and rattled quarry. In July, he re-emerged from the shadows of Europe into the Havanna sun where he attended the 11th World Youth Festival, a periodic gathering of radical youths from both sides of the iron Curtain. While Fidel Castro is the host, the festivities are manipulated behind his facade by the Soviet bloc KGB and its Cuban counterpart - the DGI. The purpose is to bring eager apprentice revolutionaries from the West -Expelled with Agee was another American leftist, Mr. Mark Hosenball, a writer-reporter whose forte was slandering the CIA. His crime was gathering information "prejudicial to the safety of servants of the Crown" - i.e., matter relating presumedly to sources and methods essential to British intelligence. Approved For Release 2005/01/13 6CIA-RDP88-01315R000400420004-1 Counter'pyana,IIKeILb p1Cucaca~an~saw ..._, ----.- r trade are the names and activities of CIA people. A few years ago, Agee s current line of "We do not believe", Mr. Agee said, "that one mischief was foreshadowed by the publication can separate the dirty work of the CIA from the in East Germany, under KGB auspices, of an people who perform it". The third enterprise anonymous work, "Who's Who in the CIA", was the founding international network of which also named American officers serving in volunteer informers, calling themselves foreign missions - some falsely, with the Counter Watch. Their assignment is to spy on deliberate purpose of discrediting proper CIA people wherever they may be and keep the humanitarian or cultural activities. One man so editors advised of all the damaging "poop" they identified, an AID official in Uraguay, one pick up. Daniel A. Mitrione, was assassinated by The second book was already on the presses guerrillas whowereled to believe that they were in New York before Agee traveled to Havana to doing in a CIA spy. ballyhoo it. It is a mastadon of its species, filling it is unlikely, at this late stage, that Agee has 1004 pages. A huge appendex lists the names of anything left in the storehouse of his memory of some 700 foreign service and military officers value to his KGB controls. As one American attached to American embassy in.Western commentator put it, "he's run out of gas". But as Europe who are identified, by no means a symbol and a conduit he continues to be accurately, as CIA undercover officers. The first valuable to our enemies. Because our half is padded out with an anthology of articles, government appears to have no remedy in law mostly published earlier in radical journals in for the problem which an Agee presents, he Europe, all defamingthe Agency. There is even a escaped unscathed from his perfidious piece which undertakes to teach how the cover activities, he remains -a walking symbol of the of a CIA officer can be penetrated by careful inability of the American Government to bring analysis of embassy directories and military staff faithless servants to heel. An Agee on the loose listings. The book is outrageously priced at makes other intelligence agencies mistrustful of $24.95, but subscribers to the journal can have it the seriousness of American interest in for only $1.0. The royalities are to support the protecting its security systems. An Agee stands general aim which Mr. Agee has restated in his on the international stage of subversion as an journal. "Together", he says "people of many "agent of influence" -- perhaps, even a nationalities and varying' political beliefs can recruiter for the KGB, with his bold appeal for cooperate to weaken the CIA and its surrogate volunteer informers inside the intelligence intelligence services, striking a blow at political services, and his promise to use the royalties oppression and economic injustice." One. way from his writings,. however meager in fact, to to ensure its defeat, he advises, is mount tide would-be defectors over the costs of their Covert Action Information Bulletin. It is those activities o t e w g p intended to fill the void left by the shutdown of to deplore. So in this matter his real allegiance Approved For a~ 01/ 3: road. If into fraternal association with th~ ~5c?a~~-F R ~a1511f)030 64 b in the international communist apparatus. Agee peaceful demonstrations don't force their was attended by a retinue of American radicals, departure, then, he adds, "those whom the CIA all specialists in the defamation of the American has most oppressed will find other ways of intelligence services. They had come to the fighting back" --- a clear incitement to violence. Festival, Agee explained in a press conference, AGEES REAL ROLE to teach the others how they could defeat CIA operations against their countries - So there haunts our gates an expatriate machinations which in his warped vision "are whose obsession is to make the CIA fail. That aimed at all humanity". From his squalid Agency is not his only target. He is bent, as well, platform, Mr. Agee announced three on undermining our national foreign enterprises which have already, so soon after intelligence communications system, the their unveiling in Havana, inflicted fresh harm National Security Agency. His radical and hazard on his former agency. One was the publications are exhorting their volunteer imminent publication of his second book, informers to pass on whatever they are able to "Dirty Work: the CIA in Western Europe". find out about this highly sensitive organization written in collaboration with a left-wing -- its people and their work. The NSA happens journalist, Louis Wolf. Another was the to be perhaps the top priority target of the KGB launching of a new bi-monthly magazine, itself. The NSA's sole business is unrelated to f h CIA hick A ee rofesses demonstrations against American Embassies and passage. Approved For Release 2005/01/13.: CIA-RDP88-01315R000400420004-1 Can't h44~Aiiti-9~eles~IQ0~~9g#,13 member of the Senate Intelligence Committee, has suggested that Agee be stripped of his citizenship. Senator Lloyd Bentson believes he should be jailed. The difficulties here are three: he still remains outside U.S. jurisdiction; his publisher was under no obligation, as hewas, to safeguard national secrets; and the Department of Justice concluded long ago, that it could not bring Agee to trial under the Espionage Act without opening the CIA's treasury of secrets to his defense counsel, thereby furnishing him with fresh ammunition. THE TASK OF THE NEW CONGRESS A shrewd observer in the Congress tells us, "the year 1978 may go down in history as the year when the tide reversed itself. It is the year when the majority in Congress, from fearingthat the CIA was a rogue elephant, came to fear that it was becoming a paper tiger; that it had been weakened to a point where it is no longer able to serve the country as it was meant to do, and the country has been put in danger." True, the Russians helped to bring matters to this sorry pass. Through their agents and A- f i -t4 1. 9 9 ylhave helped to sow the seeds of unworthy mistrust of the intelligence agencies which bore their bitter harvest in the Congressional hearings and the flood of leaks. But the worst of the damage we inflicted on ourselves. Now that the threat is finally being recognized, it falls to the new Congress to repair the damage that has been done. The CIA, with its sister intelligence agencies, is the only community equipped to adivse the President, the National Security Council, the State and Defense Departments on the scope, the pace and direction of the threat - its political character and its military power. The immediate need is to restore the good name and the legal sanctions of the intelligence services, to give them the means to protect their people, their methods, and their means. Only Congress can do that for them with the help of the President. Let ' the pending charter be rewritten toward this sensible end. Otherwise, Congress may find itself presiding over the funeral of the national intelligence establishment. and INTELLIGENCE Suite 500 499 South Capitol St., S.W. Washington, D.C. 20003 Approved For Release 2005/01/13 : CIA-RDP88-01315R000400420004-1