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STATI NTL Approved For Release CHICAGO DAILY NEWS 23-211. Sept 1972 19 1 to : l auUn nc wf THE POLITICS OF HEROIN IN SOUTHEAST ASIA by Alfred W. AlcCov (Harper & Row, $10.95). By Keyes Beech HEROIN didn't always have a bad name. Around the turn of the century it was hailed as a "miracle drug" and ap- proved by the AMA for general use. In fact, it didn't even have "a name until Germany's Bayer chemical combine invented "Heroin" as a brand name and put It on the market as a cough medicine, But this fascinatinrl bit of drug lore is only incidental to the central theme of this dev- astating book: that because of Its commitment' to contain communism in Southeast Asia, the U.S. govprnment helped create a generation of junkies. SOUTHEAST Asia's "Golden Triangle" - where Laos, Thai- land and Burnia meet.- has been an opium-growing area for centuries. But what McCoy and his fellow authors are con- cerned about Is how within the last 20 years the "triangle" has expanded its production until today it accounts for 70 per cent of the world's illicit supply of heroin. For this the authors hold the U n I t e d States responsible. They specifically charge that I n 'the I r clandestine war against the Communists, U,S. agencies, notably the CIA, al- lied themselves with elements known to be engaged in the drug traffic; ignored and even covered up the activities of known drug traffickers, and allowed American military air- craft to be used to transport drugs. The charges are difficult to refute because, in the main, they happen to be true. McCoy has done his homework. Crit- ics may quarrel with some of his facts and dispute many of his judgments, but he con- Ct 9 (ED n 110 Al In COMPANY MAN bye Joe Mag- gio (Putnam, $6.9J). By George Harmon ./TIE late Allen Duties, gluar- terback of our World War II -- naive, home-grown, even homespun --- and training such a man to he a good intelligence officer, however long the pro- cess lasts." Those homespun spies and later chief of the CIA, scoffed at the notion of the American diplomat or spy being a closed-mind blunderer too cynical to play by any rules but his own. lie criti- cized such novels as Graham Greene's "The Quiet Ameri- can" and Burdick and Lede- rei?'s "The Ugly American" for promoting "mischief-creat- ing prejudices," Dulles wrote that he pre- ferred "taking the raw inate- ria! which we find in America vincingly demonstrates, for ex- ample, that the G.I. heroin epi- demic in South Vietnam could not have happened without the active participation of greedy generals and government-offi- cials who owed their jobs to the United States. U.S. Involvement in the drug. ve LIVE,. 0A 11, boys, if we are to believe re- cent news accounts, are trav- eling much farther afield than Dulles seemed willing to send them. THE BACKBONE of CIA ac- tivity apparently remains the clandestine listening posts and purloined letters which Duties so loved. But now the charge is often made that the CIA tries to foment change rather than merely report it; in Uganda, for example: in Chile, in Laos. So much is being written about the CIA, in fact, that its argot is creeping into Ameri- can slag: a spy is a spook, to kill Is to."terminate with ex- treme prejudice." Now. arrives doe Maggio, a mercenary-turned-writer, who says lie worked off and on for the CIA In places like Africa and Laos. His novel tells of Nick Mar tin, a sort of comic book super- hero and former Green Beret A "home-grown" boy whom Dulles would have liked; he is recruited off a Florida campus by "the Company" (in-group slang for the CIA), and works part time, training Bay of Pigs invaders and shooting up Africa and the Tonkin Gulf. There Is enough bad writing to f i 1 I three pulp. magazines ("steel split the air over- head"). BUT MAGGIO'S book has an aura of authenticity about it, and few readers know enough about the CIA to dispute him Wall it 1 i STATINTL traffic was, as the authors con- t e n d , an "inevitable con- sequence" of our involvement I n Southeast Asia, where opium was a way of life. But it did not become an "American problem" until It touched American lives. THE BOOK Is not quite the scholarly work that it pretends to be. It Is as much an in- dictment of the Vietnam war as it is a documentation of the drug traffic. The, authors sug- gest that all will be well if President Nixon is defeated and the United States pulls out of Southeast Asia lock, stock- and barrel. Maybe so. But the sad thin-, is that the book's chief victims are a handful of dedicated CIA men who went to Southeast Asia to do a job. That job was to fight communism, not re- form a society. Keyes Beech is Tha Daily News' , correspondent in Asia. . dry fabrication" filled with "lurid writing and innate con, tradictions." lie denies that the CIA ever has carried out assassinations or has traf- ficked in drugs, as Maggio as- serts. Colby also says it Iagio was "terminated for cause" during a six-month CIA training pro- granh and never went overseas for the CIA or undertook, any of the "assignments" Ala- t io says he perforined..But Mag- gio has obtained a government letter quoting the CIA as say- ing that he worked for the agency on contract: - even though the question al- - In any event, Maggio writes ready has been raised: Is doe enough like a soldier to con- Maggio the -Clifford Irving of vince the reader he has been the barracks set? one. He has produced an vn- W. E, Colby, executive direc- V,hiofessional but good example of thriller fiction. tor of the CIA, disputes the publisher's contention that "Company Man" is "a novel of George Harmon is a Daily facts," proclaiming it a "taw- News editor and writer. Approved For Release 2006/09/29: CIA-RDP88-01350R000200b