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December 16, 2016
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September 17, 2004
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August 25, 1974
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RICUMOND TIMES DISPATC3 - Approved For Re~s2 25 AUG 1971 5/041U., CIA-RDP88-0135 -~ ~.s -5:/ v js ~i c~91 q t[.l v t E? 'r since Nathan Ha( ira.s caright, ,~ e urns ha7'e s?irrou.ndCJ the " P'J " c" i;?ith. a rmnc etic m'/ dr.;c:`tbes in his new book-, or D-7%,: cr, " th:a process y . r :ch r rrdb?ooded A inerica it bad can r.; r?; c a fu; j?edged CIA "company". Na1i. By .'Mies Copeland When I toured the United States in 1970 ro lecture to university audiences, I found tnat the most vocal students in all parts of he ccuntry saw the Central Intelligence Agency as representative of all that is wrong with "the rotten society we live Question periods were all takerrup by gated discussions revolving around the ency's supposed intrigues in all _apitals of the world, including hin ton and London: its backing of totalitarian regimes; and its Work:ng for the large corporations ,_r than for the American people." BACK AT THE HOTEL there was r story. I was deluged with calls atudents ~'anucg to know how to join Although a high percentage of the arc u ho=?u:;ht rneout to discuss the silty of a career in intelligence try; thtfu-ward types who though in .: ')f practical advantages. either for car erorasastep, it stone to else, even more were roman- tics - Walter Mittys, in fact. ("See that little man over there?" said Inspector Hargreaves. "You wouldn't think it to look at him, but he has all the secrets of the world in his head.") Whatever the motives, there are thousands ofyoungAmericans whowould give their eyeteeth to be employed by the CIA or, simply, to "get into the in- :elligen ce business," as one student put it to me, and by "intelligence" he clearly meant the spookier side. Although every one of the thousands of getters of application that reach the CIA headquarters at Langley, Va., is given serious consideration, the attitude of aoercy recruiters is generally one of "Don't call us we'll call you.". The mere fact of offeringone's services to the CIA is regarded as ground for suspicion. And for good reason. An analysis of these letters shows clearly that many of them were prompted by motives other than patriotic ones, a chance to "have a look at the ins;deso that I can write a book about it later" being a particularly prominent one. The CIA keeps what must certainly be the largest card file in existence of possi- ble recruits for its organization-univer- sity students, members of certain professions and people having certain special qualifications. A person may find himself propositioned by a CIA recruiter because some area division chief hasask- ed for "a man, age early 2+s, who has a background in electronics, who saea'ss Hungarian although is not of Hungarian nccestry, and who can meet the agency's criteria for career officers." He is more likely to be approached, ho:vever, if he is simplya seaiorin"oneof the better American universities"-(i.e.; one that has a minimum of student demonstrations) witha B average an ab- sence of left-wing affiliations and a record of sound emotional health. The CIA employs professors and graduate students at "the better American univer- sities" to canvass members of senior classes. either in the name of the CIA it- self or through some "front," commer- cial or institutional. ONCE YOU GET IN, you will find your- self in a whole new world. The CIA's recruiters do their best to screen out the romantics and to select only young men and women whose motivatinneare entire- ly practical; but I would say that 99 per cent of those who join the agency are at least partly attracted byte glamor. Even those few who are entirely blase when they first get into the agency are certain to be dazzled by the in- doctrination. The first training undergone by young CIA enrploves who are ''officer material" takes place in the modern. streamlined buildings at Langley. Much of it is concerned with routine matters such as forms for reports, how to grade in- formation, how to use registry, etc., but there are also many exciting exhibitions. Experts put on demonstrations of how to pick locks, plant microphones, steam open letters, forge documents. Then there is a positively frightening series of lectures, complete with slides, charts, and photocopies of secret official Soviet documents and Communist Party correspondence, which is delivered with such authority that it would convince anyone not only that the Cold War still goes on, but that it holds greater and greater dangers which can be thwarted only by an. alert and efficient intelligence system. FINALLY, THERE IS A DISPLAY of the "national security machinery"- or "the real Washington," as ore instructor calls it-which shows how, despiteall the bumbling that is inevitable in any large organization, the U.S. government does manage to protect the nation's inerests and how, at thesame time, it hasa system of "fuses" which ensure that no element of the "machinery" can acquire an excess of power. This part of the course is most impressive. The second part of the indoctrination takes place at a country estate, a few hours' dr ive south of Washington, known as "the farm." Here the new CIA employe gets a taste of what it is like "out in the cold" - i.e., in the danger areas where persons in clandestine ser- vices supposedly operate: on the border between East and West Germarv. on the Soviet-Iranian border, in "reception" areas in Communist China. In one "night exercise" the trainees black their faces and try to cross a border ? protected by charged barb- 7d wire, dogs, electric eyes, traps, floodlights and bor- STAT der patrols.'x'hen theyarecaught,as ine: i table are, they are put through s terranaring by"East German securii ficia!s" played with enormous realis~ the training divisicn's actors. In another "field exercise," trainees go into a nearby town to "c; restaurants and places to d' mine their suitability as meeting pi for agents. SOME OF THE TRAINEES parachute jumps, one in thedaytime one at night, after wiichtheyhaveto theirparachutesintheapproved man Only a few of the t-mi-sees will everha, do any of these thing; in real life, of c -se, and those few takuadditional trair but they are given a f eel for the probl they may later assign others as the, comfortably at hee.Iquarters plan .operations. These two indoctrination courses just the beginning of CIA training career officer of the..fA spends a g deal of his service in course: "retreading" every year or so tc brought up-to-date o t recently develc me-hods. provided with largu trarning. and given courses in poll, revolution. cnuntertevolution and c( terinsurgency, among others. The first job of a new recruit to CIA's espicnage brand is is kely to b assistant to a"aesk nfjicer' -atthe: Des;. the Low Countries Desk or any of3'Jtoti0others.His dutieswillmostl vo;ve servicing requests from "the fi[ - for a r.ew au tomohi l e, for special eq mean of various kinds, or for an adj meat in some accounting mistake. The first step upward of the newoffi is not from assistant desk officer to d officer, but from assistant desk office assistant case officer in some fi station. It is in th? field that the up-and-com espionage specialist first sticks his r out. He will be entireiyat tt:emercyof chief of station, and, as is well knowr good chief of station is a masterat the of taking personal credit for everyth that goes right and blaming his sut dinates for everything that goes wro while giving the appearanceof doing j the opposite. In any case, the relati, between the chief of station and the n_ officer will be both close and stormy. The real ambition of the CIA office: training is to get btggerandbetterassi ments between headquarters and field, in as wide a variety of places possible. (C) 1a7S by Miles Cope."-:;d. From hunk "Withoof Cloak rr Dagger" '1' des Copc'u=nd. Fe,vrr,tea~ slog ofSirron & Schuster,, no, Approved For Release 2005/08/22 : CIA-RDP88-01351R000200810007-8