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saw A111~! -*- 11!111 Or- E W6 J, Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2010/09/02 : CIA-RDP90-00806R000100090002-9 Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2010/09/02 CIA-RDP90-00806R000100090002-9 Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2010/09/02 : CIA-RDP90-00806R000100090002-9 chairman's corner A N PA Concept of Newspaper Center is made a reality by new wing This year, with the completion of our new technical research and training facility and the consolidation of the entire ANPA staff under one roof in Reston, Va., ANPA headquarters is truly taking on the look of a "Newspaper Center." With the arrival of the Institute of News- paper Controllers and Finance Officers in September, the number of newspaper or- ganizations now housed at The News- paper Center has grown to 11. And more may come! Other organizations located at the Cen- ter are the American Society of News- paper Editors, the International Newspaper Promotion Association, the In- ternational Circulation Managers Associa- tion, the Newspaper Personnel Relations Association, the Society of Newspaper De- sign, the World Press Freedom Committee and our close asso- ciate, the Japan Newspaper Publishers and Editors Association. So in addition to the services of ANPA, its Foundation and Credit Bureau, we now have organizations dedicated to the spe- cific interest of newspaper editing, promotion, distribution, design, personnel relations and financial matters all located on the same premises. Their expertise and assistance within the Center, if not just a few steps apart, are, at most, only an inter-office phone call away. And our staff works closely with the American Press Institute located next door. We have commented often on the benefits derived in the co- location of organizations and departments-not only in regard to the spirit of cooperation it engenders among individual agencies, but also in enhancing the abilities of each organization to do a better job in serving its members, and, in turn, the entire news- paper business. In addition, the many ANPA resources, including its 5,000- volume library, its voluminous central files, as well as departmen- tal files and expertise, are immediately available to all depart- ments and organizations housed in the Center. The ANPA staff at Reston has long enjoyed the cooperation of the other groups located there. We have been involved in joint training endeavors, workshops, seminars, program planning, as well as in addressing various aspects of the newspaper business contingent to all of our interests. We have cosponsored confer- ences and seminars with ICMA, INPA, ASNE, NPRA, INCFO and others. Experience has taught us the undeniable benefits to be gained by co-location and cooperation of individual newspaper organizations. It increases our effectiveness in serving our memberships, the newspaper business and the public. The concept of The Newspaper Center, which we have long championed, is now a reality. William C. Marcil Chairman and President Officers Chairman and President, William C. Marcil, The Forum, Fargo, N.D. Vice Chairman, Richard J.V. Johnson, Houston Chronicle Secretary, Robert G. Marbut, Harte-Hanks Communications Inc., San Antonio Treasurer, Alvah H. Chapman Jr., Knight-Ridder Newspapers Inc., Miami Chairman of Executive Committee, Katharine Graham, The Washington Post Co. Directors Garner Anthony, Cox Enterprises Inc., Atlanta Frank A. Bennack Jr., The Hearst Corp., New York Helen K. Copley, The Copley Press Inc., La Jolla, Calif. William H. Cowles 3rd, The Spokesman-Review and Spokane (Wash.) Chronicle Robert F. Erburu, The Times Mirror Co., Los Angeles Edward W. Estlow, Scripps-Howard, Cincinnati Jacques-G. Francoeur, UniMedia Inc., Montreal Edwin L. Heminger, The Courier, Findlay, Ohio John B. Lake, Times Publishing Co., St. Petersburg, Fla. K. Prescott Low, The Patriot Ledger, Quincy, Mass. Charles M. Meredith III, The Free Press, Quakertown, Pa. Donald E. Newhouse, The Star-Ledger, Newark, N.J. Warren H. Phillips, The Wall Street Journal, New York Lloyd G. Schermer, Lee Enterprises Inc., Davenport, Iowa Donald N. Soldwedel, The Yuma (Ariz.) Daily Sun Arthur Ochs Sulzberger, The New York Times Co. George W. Wilson, Concord (N.H.) Monitor AN PA Executive Offices (703) 620-9500 The Newspaper Center, 11600 Sunrise Valley Drive, Reston, Va. Mail address: Box 17407, Dulles International Airport, Washington, D.C. 20041 Executive Vice President and General Manager, Jerry W. Friedheim Senior Vice President and Deputy General Manager, Thomas C. Fichter Vice President/Human Resources, Roy W. Anderson Vice President/Industry and Public Affairs, Robert L. Burke Vice President/preastime Editor, James E. Donahue Vice President and Director/ANPA Foundation, Judith D. Hines Vice President/General Counsel, W. Terry Maguire Vice President/Technical, William D. Rinehart Director/Technical Research, George Cashau Director/Telecommunications Affairs, Kathleen Criner Director/Membership Development, Mark Daly Director/Technical Services, Peter P. Romano Manager/Board of Directors Office, Bruce N. Bant Manager/Accounting, Glenn R. Beales Manager/Technical Training, Arthur M. Boudreau Manager/Government Affairs, Martin Casey Manager/Labor Relations, Charles Cole Manager/Membership Services, Michael Genick Research Manager/Computer Applications, John W. lobst Manager/Information Services, John O. Newman Manager/Training Services, Stephen E. Palmedo Manager/Newsprint and Traffic, Joseph F. Prendergast Jr. Manager/Personnel Relations, Patricia P. Renfroe Manager/Public Affairs, William Schabacker Manager/Education Services, ANPA Foundation, Linda B. Skover Business Manager, Anthony G. Tesoriero Research Manager/Engineering, Frederick L. Warner presstime? Presstime magazine (ISSN 0194-3243) is published monthly by the American Newspaper Publishers Association, 11600 Sunrise Valley Drive, Reston, Va. 22091. Basic subscription rate of $50 a year is included in members' dues. Non-member rate is $100 domestic, additional overseas. Second-class postage paid at Reston, Va., and additional mailing offices. Copyright 1983 by ANPA. All rights reserved. Unsolicited articles and photos should be sent to the presstime editor. POSTMAS- TER: Send address changes to presstime, ANPA, Box 17407, Dulles International Airport, Washington, D.C. 20041. presetime Advisory Committee Frank A. Bennack Jr., The Hearst Corp., New York, Chairman Lloyd Ballhagen, Harris Enterprises, Hutchinson, Kan., Vice Chairman Christy C. Bulkeley, The Commercial-News, Danville, III. Tom J. Hardin, Alexandria (La.) Daily Town Talk George P. Kennedy, University of Missouri School of Journalism David Laventhol, Newsday, Long Island, N.Y. Thomas F. Matthews, Tracy (Calif.) Press Inc. Carol Sutton, The Courier-Journal and The Louisville (Ky.) Times Publisher: Jerry W. Friedheim Staff Writer: C. David Rambo Editor: James E. Donahue Staff Writer: Marcia Fram Managing Editor: Maurice Fliess Technical Writer: Paul Kruglinski Asst. Managing Editor: Neil D. Swan Art Director: Shirley Schainblatt Labor Writer: Clark Newsom Editorial Assistant: Carmen C. Clark Staff Writer: Margaret Genovese Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2010/09/02 : CIA-RDP90-00806R000100090002-9 Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2010/09/02 : CIA-RDP90-00806R000100090002-9 index presstime NEW ADDITION, p. 4 (Cover photograph by Margaret Genovese.) ADMINISTRATIVE OFB7-- SUITE 100 Volume 5, Number 12 special report 4 It's open and operating! The $6-million addition to ANPA headquarters means all the Associa- tion's functions are under one roof at The News- paper Center. The new wing houses technical research and training activities and more. world press 12 A spirit of compromise characterizes communi- cations debate at the UNESCO General Confer- ence. legislation 15 Congress freezes U.S. funding for some UN agencies, including UNESCO. courts 16 ANPA files amicus briefs with the U.S. Supreme Court in liquor advertising and libel cases. postal affairs 19 Proposed postal rate increases would have a big impact on small dailies and weeklies. regulations 20 OSHA issues new rules requiring hazardous substances in the work place to be labeled. state and local 21 Newspapers in Los Angeles consider a court challenge to a newly enacted city media tax. telecommunications 22 Knight-Ridder Newspapers' Viewtron begins lighting up TV screens in South Florida. news-editorial 25 In the aftermath of Grenada invasion, press assesses public's reaction to coverage ban. essay 30 Jerry W. Friedheim calls for a "restoration of reason" following the "news blockade." profile 32 Washington publisher John M. McClelland Jr. stresses editorial excellence, wins success. December 1983 education 33 USA Today's new NIE program appears to complement, not vie with, existing programs. advertising 36 Audit Bureau of Circulations hears newspaper publishers' criticisms. circulation 39 Newspapers with independent carriers may have new IRS reporting obligations. employee relations 40 They may not be able to cure high health-care costs, but newspapers can lessen the pain. technology 46 Trend to flexography continues as more news- papers plan to try flexographic units. newsprint 50 Unions approve Jabor contracts at three U.S. newsprint mills. newspaper business 52 Why the Justice Department tried to broker the sale of the St. Louis Globe-Democrat. Also in this issue news research 29 `Shoe' 53 exchange 57 ANPA news 58 books 58 letters 58 speeches inside back cover ANPA calendar back cover presstime December 1983 3 Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2010/09/02 : CIA-RDP90-00806R000100090002-9 Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2010/09/02 : CIA-RDP90-00806R000100090002-9 special report The $6-million addition to The News- paper Center is up. The presses and other equipment are in. The people are moved. And for the first time since the turn of the century, the ANPA staff is housed under one roof. It's the realization of a dream that many ANPA officials and newspaper publishers have been dreaming since the Association staff moved out of rented space in New York City 11 years ago and relocated in its own building in Reston, Va., about 20 miles west of downtown Washington, D.C. "The consolidation of ANPA staff and services under one roof has many advan- tages-improved staff coordination, better resource management and a quicker re- sponse time to our members," says Jerry W. Friedheim, executive vice president and general manager. "This new facility and equipment will allow the ANPA staff team to do even better what it already does well." The addition is occupied primarily by the Association's technical staff, which was formerly located in Easton, Pa. Also in the new wing are two related departments- Telecommunications Affairs and News- print and Traffic-and several others that moved from the older part of the Center. That original building had become in- creasingly crowded in recent years, and the addition-which boosts floor space from 33,000 to 90,000 square feet-pro- vides elbow room not only for ANPA but also for ANPA Foundation, ANPA/Credit Bureau Inc. and eight other newspaper- business organizations housed within the Center. ANPA Chairman and President William C. Marcil, president and publisher of The Forum in Fargo, N.D., believes the accom- modation of the other organizations' head- quarters needs is a major advantage of the expanded center. "Not only will the new facility help us to better serve our mem- bers," he says, "it also will enhance our ability to improve and increase cooper- ation and communication among associa- tions throughout the newspaper business." The two-story, brick-and-glass addition is an architectual companion to the original Newspaper Center building to which it is attached. Both structures were designed and built by Wigton-Abbott Corp. of Plain- field, N.J. 4 Complete, By Paul Kruglinski presstime technical writer The combined structure, which now houses about 160 ANPA employees and about 40 from the other associations, is nestled among the tall maple, oak and tulip poplar trees of Reston, a nearly-40,000- population "new town" that is springing up in the gentle hills of Northern Virginia. The addition was financed through a special assessment on members of one year's dues, payable over three years. While some assessment payments con- tinue to be paid, the building has been completed without the need to borrow any funds. ANPA Director Katharine Graham, who was the Association's chairman and presi- dent when the membership approved the assessment at the 1981 ANPA Convention in Chicago, calls the new facility "a fine tribute to the members of an active associ- ation in an active business." The chairman of The Washington Post Co. also says "it is a fine tribute to the late Len Small, who worked so tirelessly to get the project start- ed." Illinois newspaperman Small was vice chairman of ANPA and one of the chief advocates of building the addition prior to his death in an automobile accident in the spring of 1980. Day to day construction by Wigton-Ab- bott was overseen by Thomas C. Fichter, ANPA senior vice president and deputy general manager, and the building was actually completed in June. Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2010/09/02 : CIA-RDP90-00806R000100090002-9 Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2010/09/02 : CIA-RDP90-00806R000100090002-9 special report After 72 years of separation, the Association's sundry parts come together in Virginia. However, installation of equipment-in- cluding new donations valued at more than the $6-million cost of the building (see story, p. 11)-was finished just before Thanksgiving; dedicatory ceremonies will take place Dec. 7 in conjunction with a meeting of the ANPA Board of Directors. The need for a consolidated operation- in its own quarters rather than in scattered, leased buildings-was seen by ANPA board members many years ago. In 1970, when the decision was made to construct the original Reston building, the thinking included eventual plans to consolidate the organization in expanded quarters. Like many national trade associations over the past decade, ANPA has experi- enced a substantial increase in functions and a corresponding increase in personnel to carry them out. This contributed to the decision to build the addition to the Reston facility. In addition to the technical staff and the Telecommunications Affairs and News- print and Traffic departments, the new structure houses ANPA's Training Serv- ices Department, Industry and Public Af- fairs Department, Foundation and personnel office. The Society of News- paper Design also is located there. The new structure provides four confer- ence rooms equipped with audio/visual aids, chalkboards and other features de- signed for use in seminars, workshops and meetings for visiting newspaper exec- utives. There are also a kitchen, lunch room and outdoor patio area for dining. The expansion enabled virtually every ANPA department occupying the older building to gain badly needed space. This also was true for many other Newspaper Center occupants: the Credit Bureau, the American Society of Newspaper Editors, the International Circulation Managers As- sociation, the International Newspaper Promotion Association, the Japan News- paper Publishers Association, the News- paper Personnel Relations Association and the World Press Freedom Committee. It also allowed the Institute of Newspaper Controllers and Finance Officers to move its headquarters to The Newspaper Cen- ter. Should future growth of ANPA and other newspaper associations dictate greater space requirements, two more stories can be erected atop the addition, or the exist- ing patio area could be converted into of- fice space. While it's obvious that all of the ANPA staff as well as those of the other news- paper associations located at the Center have been helped by the addition, the As- sociation's technical departments are the primary beneficiaries. The technical staff has largely remained intact. Only 22 of the 50 people working at the Research Institute in Easton decided not to move to Reston, and most of them were clerical workers. Those who did move, and the people hired to replace those who didn't, occupy one and a half times as much space as the Research Institute had in its outmoded quarters in Easton. "The new laboratory and the state-of- the-art equipment housed in it will enable ANPA to develop more important techno- logical breakthroughs in the future," says William D. Rinehart, vice president/techni- cal. "Those future developments will allow the newspaper business to continue to be a competitive medium." With the relocation to Reston, the tech- nical departments of ANPA have been re- named. What was the Production A priority in the design of the addition (left half of picture) was to keep the architecture consistent with the original building. presstime December 1983 5 Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2010/09/02 : CIA-RDP90-00806R000100090002-9 Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2010/09/02 : CIA-RDP90-00806R000100090002-9 SECOND FLOOR 0 M.A.N.-ROLAND PRESSROOM ? TELECOMMUNICATIONS DEMO ROOM 19 H.C.M. CONFERENCE ROOM 13 ELECTRONIC LAB * OFFICES FIRST FLOOR O PRESSROOM PAPER STORAGE ? PLATEMAKING 13 PHOTO LAB 0 TRAINING * OFFICES CONFERENCE ROOM PAPER TESTING I@ Floor plan shows the location of the major technical facilities within the two-story addition to The Newspaper Center. Department is now Technical Services; the Research Center is now Technical Re- search. Technical Services. The Technical Services Department occupies much of the second floor and part of the first floor of the addition. According to the department's director, Peter P. Romano, Technical Services is now geared up to carry out four primary functions: ? Providing Technical Advisory Serv- ice-or TAS-in-plant consultation to newspapers to assist them in such areas as plant design, quality control, preventive maintenance and new equipment installa- tion. ? Developing and conducting "hands- on" training programs at The Newspaper Center that address problems encoun- tered by newspaper workers in grappling with new technology, and that give man- agement personnel a technological perspective of the newspaper business. ? Managing the annual ANPA Opera- tions Management Conference & Exposi- tion. ? Gathering technical information that is disseminated through presstime and in special publications of the Association. The TAS group was one of the least affected by the move; all eight members relocated to The Newspaper Center. "The minute we moved in here," Ro- mano says, "we were doing TASs." Originally begun in 1964, the service has tailored its assistance to meet the existing and future needs of members as technology has progressed. Initially, the staff concentrated on help- ing newspapers make the transition to off- set printing and photocomposition. As front-end systems evolved, the service of- fered training in that area. Currently, it is giving an increasing amount of assistance on matters that pertain to employees' relationship to their work place-so-called "ergonomic" concerns. Plant design assistance has been an ongoing TAS service since its inception, and the construction of the addition at Res- ton has given ANPA engineers some addi- tional insights into the nuances of building projects. In addition, "The move provides an op- portunity to centralize repetitive proce- dures," says Romano. "There is an instant sense of communications with all the re- sources of ANPA. Now there's one place for the membership to look for help." Under the previcus, split arrangement, Romano adds, members "only got half the picture" at a time. Like that of the Technical Advisory Serv- ice, the staff that oversees technical train- ing was kept intact during the move to Reston. However, the hands-on seminar pro- gram was disrupted somewhat because of the lag in getting all the necessary equip- ment up and running, says Arthur M. Bou- dreau, manager/technical training. He is confident the program will be running at 100 percent of capacity by Jan. 1. The training program is poised to gain the most from the move to The Newspaper Center. While a Cottrell V-15 web offset press and some hot-metal equipment were left behind in Easton, a Goss Urbanite press, used primarily for training, and a great deal of other equipment were shipped. The other equipment includes a letterpress press line containing one Hoe Printmaster unit, one Goss Universal unit and the original ANPAPRESSTM unit. Moreover, in conjunction with the open- ing of the new addition, ANPA acquired an, abundance of new equipment donated by manufacturers-including a double-width M.A.N.-Roland Uniman 4/2 offset press and a Hell color scanner. Boudreau says that because of the new equipment, a number of metropolitan dailies have in- quired about ANPA's technical training programs, especially the new ones made possible by the double-width offset press and related equipment. And the Uniman has prompted more interest in high-speed, four-plate-wide press operations. The press is located in a two-story pressroom in the new wing. In an adjacent room are the two older, single-width presses that were shipped from Easton. The combination of these three presses gives the program the flexibility to address the needs of large, medium and small newspapers, Boudreau says. Because the hallmark of the ANPA-de- veloped training program is its hands-on dimension, which allows both craftsmen and executives the opportunity to use the equipment in a production setting, partici- pants can get a "feel" for the work instead of just bland theory, he notes. "They've got everything at their finger- tips here," he says, referring particularly to executive-level personnel. Although ANPA has been conducting seminars in color separation using a Ber- key direct-screen color separation camera, the Hell scanner will allow the devel- opment of advanced color, quality-control procedures. Except for the increased color flexibility, the program-at least at the outset-will be run essentially as it was in Easton. Boudreau says the training and seminar program will expand as vendors donate or GOSS CONFERENCE ROOM U ROCKWELL INTERNATIONAL J COMPUTER ROOM OFFICES MACHINE SHOP 10 MECHANICAL ROOM 0 INK MIXING 13 INK MAKING GEORGE HALL LIBRARY & 11 Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2010/09/02 : CIA-RDP90-00806R000100090002-9 Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2010/09/02 : CIA-RDP90-00806R000100090002-9 special report loan other equipment to ANPA. "The ex- panded facility and equipment will allow greater flexibility," he says. In addition to offering the Technical Ad- visory Service, conducting hands-on train- ing, overseeing the annual ANPA trade show and disseminating information in publications, the Technical Services De- partment is a busy one in day-to-day serv- ice to member newspapers. "The first priority is telephone requests for assistance by members in trouble," he emphasizes, adding that the number of such requests has picked up since the move. In addition to the growing number of calls, Romano says his department since the move has had an increasing number of visitors-from as far away as Algeria, Ja- pan and South Africa. Undoubtedly, the location of The Newspaper Center-seven miles from Dulles International Airport and about a half-hour's drive from Washington National Airport-is a factor. Technical Research. The second ma- jor technical area of the Association, the Technical Research Department, is housed mainly on the lower level of the addition. While some Technical Research goals remain essentially the same since the days of the pioneering ANPA Mechanical Department (see story, p. 10), the scope of the research and the breadth of the depart- ment's responsibilities to the newspaper busi- ness have expanded considerably, according to the department's di- rector George Cashau. As new technologies have come on line, the department has grown to meet the new chal- lenges. Cashau says the ad- vantages gained in in- creased space and better working condi- tions in Reston have more than outweighed some losses in person- nel, particularly in com- puter research. Addi- tionally, the proximity of Reston to such valuable resources as the Library of Congress, the National Bureau of Standards and the Na- val Research Laboratory provide chemists and other ANPA technicians with in- creased research sources. Cashau also observes that the Wash- ington area offers a larger and more tech- nically qualified labor pool from which ANPA can draw personnel. Over the years, ANPA research engi- neers have gained a worldwide reputation for developing the new technology that has advanced the newspaper business. In re- cent years ANPA has played a major role in the introduction of newspaper offset printing, electronic editing systems, plastic plates, new press designs and kenaf, a pulp substitute in the manufacture of newsprint. Vice President/Technical Rine- hart notes that every conceivable piece of equipment used in the newspaper busi- ness has been either developed or tested in ANPA laboratories or examined by ANPA technicians in the field. Five of the department's seven sec- tions-research engineering, development engineering, newsprint, photography and chemistry-have been assisting the busi- ness since ANPA began looking at the production side of newspapering nearly six decades ago; the computer research sec- tion was established in the mid-1960s and the environmental section in 1972. The new wing affords the engineering staff more room for mechanical drawing boards and technical documents. Another benefit is the expanded ma- chine shop. The shop acquired a new Bridgeport milling machine and a YAM lathe, which is capable of handling the Uniman's longer shafts. With the additional equipment, the shop will have three lathes, two milling ma- chines, a surface grinder, a band saw, four drill presses, two grinders, a complete welding shop, various sheet-metal equip- ment and an arbor press-or enough equipment "to do just about anything," Cashau says. The machine shop was instrumental in building ANPAPRESS, the technological feather in the section's cap. That printing press made of aluminum, plastic and steel was developed in the mid-1970s and just now is finding its way into newspaper press- rooms [presstime, July 1983, p. 58]. The development engineering section picks up where research engineering leaves off-furthering ANPA-developed technology. It brings newspaper technical problems into the laboratory. The engineers "visit newspapers to get ideas on production problems for input to the ANPA Research and Production Com- mittee," explains Cashau. An intimate relationship exists between the development engineering section and pressrooms of member newspapers. That's because new production devices de- veloped in ANPA labor- atories must be field- tested on long test runs before being introduced industry-wide. The development en- gineering section's pri- mary tool is the press line consisting of the Hoe and Goss letter- press units, plus the ANPAPRESS with its anilox keyless inking system. The ANPAPRESS unit is now being used to test water-based inks, and the Hoe unit is being used to test photopo- lymer plates and ANPAINKTM, a non-pe- troleum-based ink. Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2010/09/02 : CIA-RDP90-00806R000100090002-9 Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2010/09/02 : CIA-RDP90-00806R000100090002-9 special report Because ANPA has never had a double- width offset press, acquisition of the Uni- man press will allow research into one- piece blankets, plate wear and toning problems and anything that involves high press speeds, according to Cashau. "The press opens up a lot of avenues of research," he says, adding that it also will be instrumental in developing new quality standards, particularly for color printing. For the newsprint section, the new build- ing means a more modern setting for its testing of newsprint. The ANPA Newsprint Quality Program monitors the quality of newsprint produced in the United States, Canada and Scandi- navia based on samples supplied by newspapers. In a single year, the section will test 1,600 such samples for moisture, basis weight, caliper, smoothness, print- ability, printing opacity, brightness, tear, strength and color. The tests provide comparative data on newsprint manufacturers, and results are made available to member newspapers in an annual report. Three other laboratories exist in the de- partment's chemistry section-two for ink testing and one for analytical chemistry. Equipped with about $400,000 in testing equipment, these labs are the scene of research on inks and materials of environ- mental concern. One of them is now investigating the potential of converting the technology of ANPAINKT-an environmentally sound, non-petroleum-based letterpress ink-to offset use. The Urbanite and Uniman presses will be used in the experimenta- tion. The other ink lab is responsible for test- ing newspaper inks for shade, strength, tinting, rub off and viscosity, among other characteristics. The third lab, analytical chemistry, is an example of ANPA's ability to adapt to new governmental regulations and a changing world. The lab tests samples of materials submitted by newspapers and vendors to determine whether any contain subs- tances of environmental concern (such as heavy metals and PCBs). The lab has been used to determine whether news- paper waste materials might have an im- pact on the environment, to certify content with ink pigment identification and to test industrial hygiene samples from the work place atmosphere. Leesa Thompson attends to new locator map of ANPA members. Because of the increased attention to environmental matters, this lab's activities are expanding, as are those of the entire environmental section. "Nearly 100 percent of our work in the environmental section is to keep newspa- pers out of trouble with the government," says Cashau. "We're here when they need help." The move to Reston is seen as a boon to the environmental section's efforts be- cause of the proximity to the federal regu- lators. The environmental section conducts studies on noise, ink mist, paper dust, chemicals (solvents, blanket wash, etc.) and VDTs (radiation and ergonomics). It also "keeps track of the Occupational Safety and Health Administration, the En- vironmental Protection Agency and the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health," Cashau says. More directly, the section helps newspa- pers cope with lengthy governmental forms and in litigation with local, state and federal regulators. For the computer section, Reston and Northern Virginia's emergence as a leader in the so-called "high-tech" industry is bound to be an asset. The computer section has been one of the most active ANPA components in the last two decades, producing such software as Layout-80, the Newspaper Manage- ment Game, a newsprint inventory pro- gram, the Micromark computer dictionary and Request dB. In the move to Reston, the section gained what one staffer calls "a real com- puter room" complete with a false floor, a Halon-gas fire-extinguishing system, and an independent heating and air-condition- ing system. PDP-11/45 and PDP-11/23 central processing units were moved from Easton, and a VAX 11/750 mainframe computer was acquired. In toto, the sec- tion now muscles 500 megabytes of disk storage and 4.5 megabytes of operation memory. However, in terms of personnel, the computer group was the hardest hit by the move, losing four of the six researchers and two other employees. But Cashau ex- pects no problem finding new, qualified computer researchers as needed. For the members. While The News- paper Center's new addition provides a host of added facilities and opportunities for the Association staff to better serve the members, it also offers greater conven- ience to newspaper publishers, managers and others visiting Reston. For example, a newspaper executive may now fly into Dulles International Air- port, take a 10-minute cab ride to Reston, check in at a modern hotel and walk two short blocks from the hotel to The News- paper Center to visit the consolidated ANPA as well as any of the other 10 news- paper organizations located there. "Of course," says Executive Vice President Friedheim, "if anybody needs to be picked up or delivered to either Dulles or National airports, we will arrange that." Halfway between the hotel and the Cen- ter, the visitor can stop in at the American Press Institute, which conducts numerous seminars for newspaper personnel. All the while, he or she will be only 20 miles from the seat of government. The trip by car from Reston to Washington will be- come quicker, too, because of the early December opening of a new road linking the Dulles Access Road and Interstate 66, and the scheduled completion next fall of a toll road adjacent to the Dulles Access Road. The toll road, which will provide direct access to Washington via 1-66, will have two interchanges within a half mile of The Newspaper Center. ^ Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2010/09/02 : CIA-RDP90-00806R000100090002-9 Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2010/09/02 : CIA-RDP90-00806R000100090002-9 Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2010/09/02 : CIA-RDP90-00806R000100090002-9 Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2010/09/02 : CIA-RDP90-00806R000100090002-9 special report ANPA's nomadic tendency comes to end The consolidation of all ANPA functions and staff under one roof completes a circle that covers nearly a century. Those func- tions of the Association, established in New York City in 1887, became geograph- ically fragmented as ANPA grew, but they are now unified again at The Newspaper Center in Reston, Va. The final step of the consolidation unites what was formerly known as the ANPA Research Institute, located in Easton, Pa., with the Association's headquarters. When ANPA began, it had only one of- fice, in New York City. As the Association grew, however, it found the need to estab- lish various departments to deal with ever- increasing demands. Sometimes, loca- tions other than New York City were cho- sen. For example, a labor office was established in Chicago in 1900, moved to Indianapolis in 1911, returned to Chicago in 1933 and finally settled in Reston in 1976. ANPA's technical arm also had its origin in New York City. In 1925, Charles F. Hart, production director of The New York Times, told the annual ANPA Convention: "The mechanical departments of a newspaper have not been given the se- rious attention by the publishers (their) im- portance in the present day requires. "There is not an industry in the country that has been so sadly neglected by the engineer as newspaper printing." The next year the ANPA Board of Direc- tors created the Mechanical Department in New York City and installed Walter E. Wines, an innovative newspaper engineer, as its first manager. Wines set the tone and goals of the newly formed department when he told the 1926 Convention: "The present plans as they have been laid out to me for this work are to start this department by making it a clearing house, a depository, a central office, for the collec- tion and dissemination of information. What it may develop from that no one knows." With an eye on the bottom line, Wines added, "The aim of this Mechanical De- partment will be to increase the net reve- nue (of newspapers) by decreasing operating expenses." The department performed well, cutting newsprint waste at member papers by 1 percent during its first nine years of exist- ence, according to reports published in ANPA General Bulletins. But the Board, responding in part to the potential chal- lenge of television, sought new technologi- cal responses for newspapers and began looking into establishing another depart- ment that would separate research from other mechanical functions. By 1948, the Mechanical Research Department was a reality. The location of this new department was Easton, primarily because of the interest in the production side of newspapering shown by J. L. Stackhouse, publisher of The Express in Easton. Initially, he do- nated quarters in downtown Easton for the department's use. Later, he sold ANPA 11 acres of land several miles from downtown Easton, and a laboratory was built on the site in 1950. During the 1950s, the Mechanical Re- search Department expanded its facilities and operations. It was renamed the ANPA Research Institute in 1954. Three years later, it merged with the Chicago-based Institute of Newspaper Operations, whose activities were moved to Easton the next year. To accommodate this and subsequent growth, a $450,000 addition to the Easton building was constructed in 1962, tripling floor space. The Mechanical Department remained in New York City during this period. In 1963, it was combined with ANPA's Train- ing and Services Division into the Produc- tion Department. And eight years later, the Board directed that the Production Depart- ment be relocated to Easton. Tracing ANPA's technical and labor offices as they moved from ANPA founded, New York Labor office moves to City Indianapolis labor office sited, Chicago Labor office returns to Mechanical Research Chicago Departmetttrenened, +1PA Research Institute, Easton Mechanical Department organized, New York City Mechanical Research Department formed, Easton. Pa. Chicago-based Institute of Newspaper Operations merges with ANPA/RI in Easton Mechanical Department merges with ANPA/RI, Easton Production artment formed inNeewY City, ing Mechanical and Services Divi8ion, Training Division, and Production Engineering Division Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2010/09/02 : CIA-RDP90-00806R000100090002-9 Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2010/09/02 : CIA-RDP90-00806R000100090002-9 special report The next move away from New York City was that of the headquarters. In 1972, ANPA vacated its rented space in Manhat- tan and moved to the Washington suburb of Reston-in part because the Associa- tion saw the financial benefit of owning its own building, but largely because the ex- panding role of the federal government in private business had made proximity to Washington almost essential for a major trade association. The consensus of the Board at that time was that a consolidation of all ANPA ope- rations in Reston would be desirable at some point in the future. In 1976, the Board and the membership approved the relocation of the labor and personnel relations staff from Chicago to Reston. And in 1981, as the space limitations and deteriorating condition of the Easton building became even greater concerns, the Board and the membership approved moving technical operations, staff and equipment to The Newspaper Center. But while the technical operation has moved, its major mission has not changed. Director of Technical Research George Cashau, sounding very much like Wines, his predecessor with the old Mechanical Department, explains that mission this way: "We're still trying to produce a better communications vehicle more cheaply- whatever that might turn out to be." ^ glace to place Production Department Labor office moves to Reston moves to Easton ANPA headquarters moves to Reston, Va. Technical departments move to Reston Equipment, supplies exceed $6-million cost of addition Companies that manufacture and sell the equipment and supplies used to pro- duce newspapers have been generous in donating or lending their wares to ANPA technical departments. These vendors have provided millions of dollars worth of equipment now housed in the new addition to The Newspaper Cen- ter. In fact, the total worth of that equip- ment eclipses the $6-million cost of the addition, according to Peter P. Romano, director/technical services. William D. Rinehart, ANPA vice presi- dent/technical, says the Association and vendors have always had a close, working relationship. "The suppliers recognize the role ANPA has played in moving the newspaper busi- ness from an antiquated hot-metal opera- tion to a technologically advanced business," he says. Much of the developmental work on ANPAPRESSTM and other ANPA-devel- oped technologies was made possible be- cause of donations of blankets, rollers, roller covers and plate saddles by such firms as W. R. Grace & Co., K&F/Beach Manufacturing Co. and Jomac Roller Inc. The move to Reston and the corre- sponding increase in space has given ANPA the opportunity to upgrade the equipment-virtually all of it either donated or on permanent loan-used in research and training programs. For instance, M.A.N.-Roland USA Inc. donated a $2.8-million Uniman 4/2 offset press [presstime, May 1982, p. 46]; M.E.G. (U.S.) Inc. donated the reel stands for the high-speed, double-width press; and Hall Systems Inc. donated a mailroom distribution system for the press and installed the press, reel stands and mail- room system at no cost to the Association. Hall also installed at cost the Goss Ur- banite single-width offset press donated by the Goss Co. and a Printmaster letterpress press donated by the Hoe Co. years ago. HCM Graphic Systems Inc. donated a Hell electronic color scanner worth about $300,000. A $500,000 donation by Rockwell's Graphics Systems Division allowed ANPA to expand and enhance activities through the new research facilities and to furnish and equip several conference and training rooms. While those donations have received a considerable amount of attention, what is not generally known is that such firms as Anchor/Lith-Kem-Ko, New England News- paper Supply Co., Western Lithoplate & Supply and other firms regularly donate film, chemicals, blankets, stripping materi- als, plates and other materials used in the research and training programs. Taft Equipment Sales Co. even donated a van for ANPA use. And all the major newsprint manufacturers donate newsprint on a rotating basis to The Newspaper Cen- ter. "We got a lot of stuff in here we couldn't afford to buy," says George Cashau, ANPA director/technical research. "The suppliers were willing to donate much more equipment," Rinehart points out, "but we only accepted equipment that would play a vital role in future research or training." Other donors are: Abitibi-Price Inc. Hercules Inc. American Hoechst Corp. Inmont Corp. Anitec Image Corp. International Paper Anocoil Corp. Co. Associated Press Itek Composition Baldwin-Gegenheimer Systems Division J. M. Huber Corp. Bato Company Inc. Kimberly-Clark Corp. Berkey Technical Co. Kruger Inc. Bowater Corp. LogEscan Systems Inc. Chemco Photoproducts MacBeth Co. Mergenthaler Linotype Chesley F. Carlson Co. Co. CIP Inc. Midwest Publishers Compugraphic Corp. Supply Co. Consolidated-Bathurst Mycro-Tek Inc. NAPP Systems (U.S.A.) Consolidated Inc. International Corp. Nolan-Jampol Inc. Domtar Inc. Nova Scotia Forest Donohue Inc. Industries Dow Jones & Co. Inc. nuArc Co. Inc. Eastman Kodak Co. Radio Shack E. I. du Pont de Nemours Reed Paper Ltd. & Co. Reeves Brothers Inc. Flint Ink Corp. Roberts & Porter Inc. Garden State Paper Co. Rothesay Paper Ltd. Inc. Rycoline Products Inc. Graphic Arts Technical Signode Corp. and Consulting Sun Chemical Corp. Services Texscan MSI Graphic Fine Color United Press Great Lakes Forest International Products Ltd. United States Printing Ink Great Northern Nekoosa Corp. Corp. 3M Co. Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2010/09/02 : CIA-RDP90-00806R000100090002-9 Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2010/09/02 : CIA-RDP90-00806R000100090002-9 world press UNESCO conference devoid of rancor By Marcia Fram presstime staff writer Contrary to expectations, compromise, not controversy, emerged from discussion of communications issues at UNESCO's 22nd General Conference, which ended Nov. 29. The mid-November sessions dealing with the press were largely devoid of the ideological rancor that has polarized de- bate on the subject along East-West lines for the past decade. Instead, the Paris conference reflected the realization that technology, not ideo- logy, is the key communications need of Third World nations, according to U.S. ob- servers at the conference. These nations, which have often used the international forum to express resentment of alleged Western media domination, now appear to be aware that practical assistance from industrialized nations can help in devel- oping their own media capabilities. "For the first time since 1974, the tone of UNESCO's plenary discussion on commu- nications was restrained. The stridency of the 1970s was nowhere evident," said Leonard R. Sussman, a member of the U.S. delegation. "Indeed, it may be said that the giant UNESCO bureaucracy and its member states were seen to move, even slightly, in a westerly direction. After a decade of movement in other directions on communi- cations issues, this was encouraging," said Sussman, who is executive director of Freedom House, a New York-based or- ganization that monitors freedom-or lack of it-throughout the world. Dana Bullen, executive director of the World Press Freedom Committee, said that "while problems remain, if anyone is looking for an assault on the media at this conference serious enough to justify a U.S. withdrawal from UNESCO, they won't find it." Bullen described the communications aspect of the conference as a "mixed bag," and a State Department official called it a collection of "plusses and minuses" for the Free World. The fact that the conference was not disrupted by bitter debate over communi- cations issues was by no means a cer- tainty when the month-long meeting began Oct. 25. At the outset, the Soviet Union circu- lated a resolution calling for what some Western officials termed a "blacklist" of media organizations perceived as "build- ing up world tension and disseminating tendentious and slanderous messages Soviet Union yielded on 3 proposals in Paris By George P. Kennedy As negotiators from East and West filed out of a room in UNESCO headquarters in George P. Kennedy Paris, American delegate Joseph P. Rawley, co-pub- fisher of The High Point (N.C.) Enter- prise, summed up the delegation's ef- forts: "It's been a good day's work." His satisfaction was based on the fact that the United States, though forced to give up one proposed amend- ment to UNESCO's communications pro- gram for 1984.85, had just seen the Soviet Union and East Germany surrender on three proposals, including the one most feared by the West. Rawley's colleague, Helen Marie Taylor, Kennedy, a member of the preestime Advi- sory Committee, is on the faculty of the Univer- sity of Missouri School of Journalism. He currently is on sabbatical in Europe. president of the James Monroe Memorial Foundation, was far less pleased. After all, the abandoned American proposal had been described, perhaps with some diplo- matic hyperbole, as "the heart of our philo- sophy of communication." There had been other rhetorical retreats. And, referring to the work plan as a whole, she added hotly, `There's nothing in there about freedom of the press or private enterprise," Those attitudes probably reflect the range of opinion among advocates of a Western-style press system at the conclu- sion of four days of public debate and private compromise. The other side made no public pro- nouncements, but the Soviets and their allies cannot have been much happier than was Taylor. Not only had the most virulently anti-Western proposals been killed, but the only major Soviet resolution to be adopted had been rendered inncoc- uous by rewording of key phrases. To a first time observer, It seemed signi- ficant that most of the watering-down was performed by the professionals of the UN- ESCO secretariat, acting in the name of Director General Amadou Mahtar MBow. The staff also dulled the edge of most Western proposals. Asked whether the director general al- ways gets his way on disputed points, American Delegate Leonard Sussman re- plied with a grim smile, "only 98 percent of the time." It that power is now to be used less confrontationally than often has been the case, the press freedom advocates will have made an important advance. Some of M'Bow's own comments, made in his reply to the general policy debate, had an encouraging ring. He took note of continued skepticism and reservations based on the fear that the organization's drive for a "new world information and communication order" would "restrict free- dom of information and freedom of speech." Not so, he said. "We are not concerned here with re- stricting freedoms that have already been won, but rather with extending those free- doms to people who are still deprived of them. To develop communication capabili- ties in places where such capabilities are minimal, not to say non-existent, is not to strike a blow against the freedom of oth- ers. Rather, it is to establish the conditions under which all voices can make them- selves heard and freedom can become the Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2010/09/02 : CIA-RDP90-00806R000100090002-9 Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2010/09/02 : CIA-RDP90-00806R000100090002-9 world press The United States reacted to this and other initiatives against press freedom by threatening to withhold its budget contribu- tion to UNESCO. The United States cur- rently provides one-fourth of the agency's funding. The Soviet Union subsequently with- drew its proposal. When it came time to decide UNESCO's budget for 1984-85, the U.S. delegation cast the lone dissenting vote, while 10 of the other 160 nations abstained, as the conference approved a 2 percent-plus in- crease to $374.5 million. UNESCO's sec- retariat had proposed spending $386.6 million, an increase of more than 6 per- cent, while the United States advocated a no-growth budget of $360.6 million. (See story, p. 15.) Communications policy was ironed out during the conference by a 60-member UNESCO group known as the Fourth Commission. common possession of all." The communications debate still left room for skepticism and reservations, along with the cautious optimism. Skepti- cism is rooted in recent history. UNESCO's almost 10 years of involvement in commu- nications policy has shown that concepts like "freedom" and "all voices" are subject to sharply differing interpretations. The prevailing interpretation in the orga- nization's programs has appeared to Wes- tern eyes to put too much stress on strengthening governments' voices and too little on encouraging expression free of government controls. After the Norwegian who heads the two- year-old International Program for the De- velopment of Communication criticized "some rich nations" for their lack of finan- cial support, Dana Bullen of the World Press Freedom Committee noted privately that only one of the IPDC's first 50 projects has been non-governmental. Criticism and response illustrate the combination of economic reality and con- flicting values that seems likely to make UNESCO's communications program the source of continuing strife, even without East-West polemics. The reality is that the industrialized West dominates world communications-in news, entertainment and technology. Free World countries notched a victory when the commission agreed to a UNESCO study of the "watchdog" concept of the press. This grew out of a West Ger- man resolution stating that one major func- tion of the mass media is to report on abuses of power and on violations of hu- man rights. Also favored by the United States and approved by the Fourth Commission were UNESCO studies on censorship and self- censorship, the inclusion of media rights in a study of media responsibilities, a study of government media as well as private me- dia, a series of case studies on the plurality of media forms and outlets, and ways to strengthen freedom of information. On the other hand, the United States withdrew resolutions terming the "jam- ming" of radio broadcasts a violation of the free flow of information, and linking free flow of information to fundamental human freedoms. Western delegations also failed to gain acceptance of studies on jamming and on Much of the rest of the world dislikes and fears that domination but possesses neither the money nor the expertise to compete. The Western devotion to indivi- dual liberties is also In short supply in the majority of UNESCO member states. In the conference debate, the delegate of Uganda said that his nation now boasts 18 independently published newspapers and magazines, but it has only two ancient presses and not enough newsprint to go around. The delegate of Trinidad and To- bago said her country is in danger of losing its "cultural identity" in the flood of televi- sion programs from the U.S. satellite in whose "footprint" those Caribbean islands lie. The Kingdom of Bhutan, its delegate said, has just one radio station, a weekly official newspaper and a quarterly maga- zine-all government-owned. All three delegates, like most of the 82 speakers, urged better financing for UNESCO's program. Sixty percent of the $28.8-million communications budget is allocated to the providing of equipment and the training of personnel. Nobody sug- gested that this amount will meet demand. Although this conference avoided most of the controversy of the past, it left unre- solved the underlying problems. it wasn't clear in Pads whether such problems can be solved. press freedom in countries where the me- dia are under government control. However, they were able to blunt, but not stop, Soviet moves for international acceptance of a proposed new world in- formation order," which would impose in- ternational standards and restrictions on the press. The Fourth Commission indi- cated that UNESCO's communications policy is an evolving process, not a binding declaration, by substituting the words "charged with exploring" the NWIO propo- sal for "striving to bring about this order." Particularly troublesome to Western na- tions is the prospect of continued UNESCO efforts to regulate journalists. Still on the agenda for UNESCO's future consideration are studies of journalists' codes of conduct and on ways to ensure their safety. In the past, efforts to "protect" journalists, particularly through the issu- ance of press cards, have been seen by Western nations as a form of state "licen- sing," which they oppose. Western nations are also concerned that key phrases in UNESCO's communica- tions policies could be interpreted as sanc- tioning increased state control over the press. In addition to "protection" of journalists, UNESCO "code words" now include the "right to communicate," specific "working conditions" of journalists, and "participa- tion" of non-media groups in media man- agement, according to the WPFC's Bullen. Policies worked out by the Fourth Com- mission at the Nov. 14-15 meetings on "Communication in the Service of Man" were scheduled to be on the agenda for UNESCO's plenary session Nov. 23. Also undecided at press time was the fate of a resolution being considered by another UNESCO commission that would establish codes of conduct for transna- tional organizations, which could include the media. ^ New Turkish press law Turkey has passed a new press law im- posing long prison sentences and heavy fines on writers and editors whose articles are deemed a threat to national security or public morality. Under the law, publishers in violation could have their publications closed and presses confiscated. The law was passed Nov. 10 by the country's mili- tary-controlled National Security Coun- cil. ^ Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2010/09/02 : CIA-RDP90-00806R000100090002-9 Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2010/09/02 : CIA-RDP90-00806R000100090002-9 world press Special security precautions taken at IAPA meeting in Lima A "rising tide of political violence" pres- ents a "depressing and sometimes alarm- ing story of a free press under attack from all directions," the Inter American Press Association has reported. "Governments continue to close and ha- rass newspapers, censor news, imprison journalists and conspire to restrict the flow of news," said the final report of the 1983 annual meeting in Lima, Peru, attended by more than 300 publishers, editors and news executives from 29 countries. Extraordinary safety precautions set the tone of the four-day meeting, which began Oct. 24-the day after a terrorist bomb exploded two blocks from the hotel where most of the IAPA delegates stayed. That incident, plus the group's glaring statistics showing that 20 journalists were killed in the Americas last year, made safe- ty a prime concern. But at the same time, IAPA condemned a recent proposal by the International Press Institute to "protect" journalists on dangerous assignments by issuing international press cards [press- time, November 1983, p. 19]. A strongly worded resolution called the IPI initiative "a dangerous, ill-conceived concept that would lead to government control of who can freely exercise the pro- fession of journalism." In his acceptance speech as new IAPA president, Horacio Aguirre called licens- ing, or government registration and regula- tion of journalists, "one of the most serious threats against freedom of expression nowadays in the world." Aguirre is editor and publisher of Diario Las Americas, a Spanish-language newspaper published in Miami. According to the IAPA report, only jour- nalists belonging to government-approved professional associations called "colegios" may publish in the Dominican Republic, Costa Rica, Brazil, Colombia, Venezuela, Honduras, Ecuador, Peru and Panama. In one well-attended panel discussion, journalists from the Associated Press, The Christian Science Monitor, The Miami He- rald and the heavily censored Nicaraguan newspaper La Prensa discussed profes- sional safety. Practical suggestions for reporters in- cluded: Never carry a gun; know the cul- ture, especially the language; stay away from photographers when it is not neces- sary to expose the writer to violent action; know the meaning of symbols, such as red or white flags; pick local helpers carefully, especially drivers; know your physical limi- tations, including the stamina to flee if ne- cessary; have two cars available in case one breaks down; and keep others aware of your schedule. During the safety panel, the mother of a photographer who, with seven writers, was killed by villagers in Uchuraccay, Peru, last January, pleaded with the group to seek death benefits for journalists' families. Another panel featured Latin American editors who criticized U.S. editors for ro- manticizing the role played by guerillas, particularly in Nicaragua, and playing up sensational events, such as coups and earthquakes, instead of providing consis- tent coverage. The panel included edi- tors from The New York Times, The Wall Street Journal, The Miami Herald and United Press International. In addition to Aguirre, new offic- ers elected in- cluded Edward H. Harte, publisher of the Corpus Christi (Texas) Caller-Times and a director of Harte-Hanks Communi- cations Inc., second vice president. U.S. journalists elected to the 20- member board of directors include: Robert Cox, The News and Courier, Charleston, S.C.; Charles L. Dancey, Peoria (III.) Jour- nal-Star; Roberto Fabricio, El Miami He- rald; Anthony E. Insolia, Newsday, Long Island, N.Y.; David Kraslow, Cox Newspa- pers/The Miami News; Ignacio E. Lozano Jr., La Opinion, Los Angeles; and James McClatchy, McClatchy Newspapers, Sa- cramento, Calif. ^ Opposition to press-card plan reiterated On the eve of the Nov. 28-29 executive board meeting of the International Press Institute, IPI's American Committee issued a statement reiterating its opposition to a controversial plan to use international press cards to "protect" journalists on dan- gerous assignments. After a Nov. 17 meeting of the American Committee in New York City, Chairman Robert M. White II said the group had instructed Richard H. Leonard, an IPI vice president and editor of The Milwaukee Journal, to "press the traditional American position against any perception of licens- ing" at the IPI board meeting in Rome. White, publisher of the Mexico (Mo.) Ledger, said the committee agreed that "nothing would please the Soviet Union more than any action that would weaken IPI." He said the committee has only one goal in that connection-"to further strengthen IPI through a deeper understanding of what IPI stands for and the kinds of actions that can and should be taken by the elected and professional executives of IPI." In October, the committee had decided to withhold funds for IPI's international of- fice until the licensing issue is resolved. White said that the committee considers this position to be in accord with the prin- ciples of IPI. The press-card proposal emerged from a September meeting of heads of six inter- national press organizations, including IPI. The meeting was initiated by IPI Executive Director Peter Galliner [presstime, Nov. 1983, p. 19]. ^ Baltimore Sun duo detained 8 days in Zaire Two reporters for The Baltimore Sun were released in early November after an eight-day detention by security forces in Kinshasa, the capital of Zaire. Timothy Phelps and Helen Winternitz were detained immediately after interview- ing a former government official who had signed a manifesto saying Zaire should have more than one political party. The reporters were questioned, and the film and notes they had with them were confiscated. Following the incident, they returned to Baltimore. [ 7 Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2010/09/02 : CIA-RDP90-00806R000100090002-9 Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2010/09/02 : CIA-RDP90-00806R000100090002-9 world press legislation France studies ownership limit on newspapers The French government has revealed details of a proposed law to limit the num- ber of newspapers and periodicals any one group may publish. Prime Minister Pierre Mauroy said the measure is designed to safeguard the "plu- ralism" of the press and to prevent growth of publishing empires with great political impact. No publishing group would be allowed to own more than three nationally distributed publications dealing with politics or current affairs, and only one of the three could be a daily newspaper. No group could own both a national and a regional newspaper, and no group's regional newspapers could account for more than 15 percent of total French newspaper sales. according to Mauroy. The Socialist Party governments plan has sparked bitter opposition from conser- vative opposition parties, which maintain it is aimed at breaking up the newspaper group headed by conservative Robert Her- sant. Hersant's group, the largest in the country, controls one in every five newspa- pers in France. including Le Figaro of Par- The French National Press Federation and the Regional Daily Papers Associa- tion, representing most of the privately owned French press, protested what they termed an attempt "to influence the right to edit and to publish in a country where press freedom is considered a fundamen- tal guarantee of democracy." Restrictive legislation also has been pro- posed in Canada [presstime, Oct. 1983, p. 52]. AP sends news in China The Associated Press has become the tirst foreign news agency to distribute news by teleprinter in China since the Communist takeover in 1949. Because Chinese law prohibits direct distribution of news, AP will distribute its World Service news report to private for- eign subscribers through Xinhau, the offi- cial Chinese press agency. Xinhau already distributes AP dispatches to Chinese subscribers. Newspaper official backs agency Bill freezes UNESCO funds Congress has passed a bill that imposes a one-year freeze on U.S. funding for the United Nations and four of its agencies, including UNESCO. The bill. the final version of an authoriza- tion bill for the U.S. State Department. also contains an amendment to delay until April 15 implementation of the Reagan adminis- trations "lifetime censorship" rules for some government employees [press- time, Nov. 1983, p. 14]. The provision on funding the five inter- national agencies was a compromise be- tween a House-passed bill that had no funding restriction and a bill passed by the Senate that would have cut the U.S.'s con- tribution to the UN and its four major agen- cies by an estimated $484 million over four years. House and Senate conferees and then the full Congress finally settled on limiting 1984 funding for the five organizations. in aggregate, to that of 1983, about $353 million. President Reagan was expected to sign the bill. which cleared Congress Nov. 18, the last day of the 1983 session. In a related matter, ANPA's representa- tive to the U.S. National Commission for UNESCO has cautioned that if the United States decides to restrict funding for UN- ESCO, or end participation in UNESCO altogether. the action should be taken "in concert with a number of other like-minded UNESCO member states." "Unilateral action by the U.S. without the support of Western allies could severely damage efforts within UNESCO to advo- cate freedom of expression as a funda- mental human right," warned Joseph P. Rawley, chairman of the International Re- lations Subcommittee of the ANPA Tele- communications Committee. The commission is reassessing U.S. participation in UNESCO and sought input from its members. Rawley, co-publisher and general man- ager of The High Point (N.C.) Enterprise, argued for continued U.S. participation. saying that was the "consensus' of a num- ber of U.S. newspaper publishers who have participated in. or closely followed. UNESCO developments. "We feel that in order to continue strong U.S. support for the principles of free expression, freedom of the press and the international free flow of information, the U.S. should remain in UNESCO." he said. Legislative notes A bill that would deny U.S. companies business tax deductions for advertising on Canadian broadcasting stations was approved Nov. 7 by the Senate Finance Committee The legislation, introduced at the re- quest of the Reagan administration, 'mir- rors" a 1976 Canadian law that denies tax deductions to Canadian companies for ad- vertising on U.S. stations. Such a law has been sought by U.S. broadcasters operat- ing near the Canadian border as a means of convincing the Canadians to repeal their statute. The bill was attached to a House- passed trade bill. HR 3398 [presstime, Aug. 1982, p. 16]. the Freedom of Information Act was de- ferred until the 1984 session of Congress, apparently because of a struggle involving a key senator, David F. Durenberger (R- Minn.), over a schedule for hearings on his proposed amendment to the bill. ANPA opposes the FOIA bill [press- time, June 1983. p. 14]. The Senate has passed a bill to exempt some CIA files from the Freedom of Infor- mation Act. The bill, reported by the Senate Select Committee on Intelligence, was passed Nov. 17 on a voice vote and without de- bate. Press groups regard the legislation, S 1324, as an improvement over earlier versions of CIA-FOIA legislation [press- time, Nov. 1983, p. 14]. Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2010/09/02 : CIA-RDP90-00806R000100090002-9 Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2010/09/02 : CIA-RDP90-00806R000100090002-9 courts AN PA files amicus briefs Target-market plan in two Supreme Court cases draws complaint of discrimination ANPA in late November filed friend-of- the-court briefs in two more cases before the U.S. Supreme Court, one a libel case questioning what can be published as a result of the legal discovery process and the other an appeal of a liquor advertising ban in Oklahoma. Also, the Supreme Court has agreed to hear two more press-related cases, a libel case and an access case. In one of the amicus curiae briefs, ANPA and the American Civil Liberties Union said jointly that before publishing restric- tions are placed on materials obtained in the discovery process, it should be shown "at a minimum" that "the particular circum- stances demonstrate an overriding interest to be served by the protective order for which there is no alternative intruding less on First Amendment interests." Such a standard was not applied in Rhinehart v. Seattle Times, either in the trial court or in the Washington Supreme Court where an appeal was unsuccessful, ANPA and the ACLU said [presstime, Oct. 1983, p. 12]. The case stems from a libel suit filed by Keith Milton Rhinehart, leader of a spiri- tualist church, against The Seattle Times and the Walla Walla Union-Bulletin. In pre- paring their defense, the newspapers asked Rhinehart to produce certain finan- cial documents in the discovery process. He refused. The newspapers then asked the trial judge to compel release of the papers. The judge did so but on condition that the materials not be published. The judge said absence of such a protective order would have "a chilling effect on a person's willingness to bring a case to court." Both sides appealed the judge's ruling. In the other brief, ANPA, the Magazine Publishers Association and the National Association of Broadcasters argued that Oklahoma's liquor ad ban should be struck down. They said the 10th U.S. Circuit Court of Appeals decision in Cablecom General Inc. v. Crisp upholding the ban for out-of-state cable TV programming over- steps bounds protected by the First Amendment. The media brief said commercial speech rights not only are violated, but also non- commercial information-such as news and entertainment-could be stopped from reaching Oklahoma residents. "The end result cannot help but be a reduction in the amount of information, both com- mercial and non-commercial, available to the public," the associations said. Of the two new press cases the high court has agreed to hear, one is an appeal by the financial reporting firm Dun & Bradstreet that could clarify a point of libel law regarding non-press libel defendants. Dun & Bradstreet seeks to overturn a Vermont Supreme Court decision allowing punitive as well as compensatory dam- ages in a libel suit against the company over its erroneous report that a firm had filed for bankruptcy. Dun & Bradstreet, considering itself a private entity and not a member of the press, argues that it should not have to pay $300,000 in punitive damages as meted out in the trial court. It claims that non- press parties should enjoy the same privi- leges the Supreme Court afforded the press in its 1974 decision in Gertz v. Welch. Among other things, Gertz held that compensatory damages may be awarded against the press if the press acted with negligence. Punitive damages may be awarded only if a libel plaintiff proves malice on the part of the press. The court also said it would hear an appeal of the Federal Communications Commission regarding the scope of the 1976 federal Sunshine Act. The FCC is appealing a federal court decision that it should have opened to the public and press some meetings that several com- mission members had with European offi- cials during an international telecom- munications conference in 1979. ITT World Communications Inc., an in- ternational telecommunications firm, sued the FCC, arguing that the law did apply. In other Supreme Court developments, three libel cases were argued Nov. 8. They were Keeton V. Hustler, Calder v. Jones and Bose Corporation v. Consumers Union. I I A Philadelphia woman has filed a dis- crimination complaint against The Phila- delphia Inquirer, J.C. Penney Co. Inc. and Bamburger's department store because advertising preprints of those stores are not included in copies of the Inquirer deliv- ered to her home in North Philadelphia. The complaint was filed by Marilyn Christmas with the Pennsylvania Human Relations Commission under a portion of the state's Human Relations Act barring discrimination in "places of public accom- modation." The Inquirer and Penney's filed a motion to dismiss the complaint. Thomas B. Duffin, director of industrial relations at the Inquirer, said Penney's and Bamburger's do not cover all of Philadel- phia with their preprints. "It's simply a mat- ter of their doing target marketing," he explained. Duffin said the Human Relations Com- mission will investigate the complaint and possibly hold a hearing. In its motion to dismiss, the Inquirer said it is not a "place of public accommodation" and the commission therefore has no juris- diction. The newspaper also said it has cited First Amendment protections against such a complaint. Student paper qualifies for Florida tax exemption A county circuit court judge has ruled that the daily Independent Florida Alliga- tor, a free-circulation newspaper published for students at the University of Florida, is a newspaper for sales tax purposes and qualifies for a tax exemption. The Nov. 9 ruling invalidates a Depart- ment of Revenue assessment of about $40,000 against the paper's publisher, Campus Communications Inc. The as- sessment was for taxes, penalties and in- terest it said the company owed on pay- ments to the paper's printer. The state tax department had con- tended that the Alligator did not meet two of its criteria for a newspaper: that it have a second-class postal permit and that it have paid circulation. I Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2010/09/02 : CIA-RDP90-00806R000100090002-9 Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2010/09/02 : CIA-RDP90-00806R000100090002-9 courts Media lawyers discuss year of wins, worries By C. David Rambo presstime staff writer The media have had a heavy dose of legal problems over the past decade, and according to some of the nation's top me- dia lawyers, the trend is far from over. While there has been less activity in some areas, court challenges against the press still are pouring over the transom. The lawyers say cases range from uncom- fortable nuisance suits to severely threat- ening tests of the First Amendment. The legal climate was examined at the Practising Law Institute's 11th annual communications law seminar Nov. 17-18 in New York City. This year's event drew a ,ecord 410 lawyers, journalists and jour- nalism educators. Among positive developments was a re- port from James C. Goodale of Debevoise & Plimpton, New York City, and chairman of the program since its inception, who said a form of reporter's privilege is "some- what well-established" in virtually every federal judicial circuit. Not all state courts have recognized a reporter's privilege, however, Goodale noted. In fact, one of the most recent state- court decisions-in the Idaho Supreme Court-went against the press. (See story. p. 18.) Also giving rise to some optimism was a report by John B. McCrory of Nixon, Har- grave, Devans & Doyle, Rochester, N.Y., that the past year was a good one for reducing the size of "mega-verdicts" awarded some libel plaintiffs. And several experts noted that the me- dia are faring well in securing access to public proceedings and documents, and that use of summary judgment to get libel suits dismissed still meets with success in a majority of cases. But warnings of potential dangers far outnumbered the reports of good news. Negative labels were assigned these sub- ject areas: ? Prior restraint. Floyd Abrams of Cahill Gordon & Reindel, New York City, said that just a couple of years ago, "I thought we could say with some confidence that (prior restraint) cases had passed, that we were through" with such challenges. "There has been a lot of murmuring from the grave this year." In fact, he said, "we've had some vampires walking in broad day- light." The problem is not that the press is losing prior restraint cases, he said, but rather that "more challenges keep com- ing." A current, prior restraint case is Rhinehart v. Seattle Times, now before the U.S. Supreme Court. (See story, p. 16.) ? Constitutional protections, particu- larly in libel cases. McCrory said a "down- hill trend" includes an erosion of "absolute privilege" for opinion as established by the U.S. Supreme Court in 1974 in Gertz v. Welch. It also includes the "distorting and twisting" of the word "reckless" as in "reck- less disregard" of whether material was false or not-established by the Supreme Court in the 1964 decision New York Times v. Sullivan, he said. McCrory noted that two libel cases be- "I thought we could say with some confidence that (prior restraint) cases had passed, that we were through" with such challenges. "There has been a lot of murmuring from the grave this year." In fact, "we've had some vampires walking in broad daylight." Floyd Abrams Cahill Gordon & Reindel, New York City fore the Supreme Court are prime exam- ples of threats to First Amendment protections. One is Keeton v. Hustler, which could have a negative impact on national publications in terms of liability in states far from the city of publication. The second is Bose v. Consumers Union, which hinges on Consumer Reports maga- zine's describing Bose loudspeakers as emitting sound that wanders "about the room." A major question in the suit is whether the report should have said that sound wanders "along the wall." "It's hard to believe it all boils down to these three words," McCrory said. ? Commercial speech. P. Cameron DeVore of Davis, Wright, Todd, Riese & Jones, Seattle, said there has been a "hodgepodge" of analysis in the courts. One case before the Supreme Court, Ca- blecom General Inc. v. Crisp, raises the question of whether "society's needs to control the alcohol problem are great enough to curb speech," DeVore said. ? Antitrust. Conrad M. Shumadine, Wil- lcox, Savage, Dickson, Hollis & Eley, Nor- folk, Va., urged newspapers to "use caution or be clobbered" by possible anti- trust action when responding to the chal- lenges posed by direct-mail competition. He said more lawsuits against newspapers are likely as newspapers respond to this relatively new form of strong competition. One of the most-watched cases of this ilk is in Newport News, Va., where The Daily Press was sued by the publisher of a shopper publication. Trial in the case started Nov. 14 in U.S. District Court, Newport News. It continued at press time. Some areas of media law yield mixed views. One is copyright, in which a major decision was handed down during the PLI seminar. The 2nd U.S. Circuit Court of Appeals in New York said The Nation magazine did not violate copyright laws by carrying a story based mainly on a to-be- published book by former President Ger- ald R. Ford. Some lawyers, including Abrams, who represented The Nation, said the decision is important in assuring that copyright laws will not be used to impede the flow of news. Others, such as Stanley Rothen- berg of Moses & Singer, New York City, said the case "could present problems for syndicators of newspaper material." Discussion on these and other issues at the seminar is designed to help lawyers better serve their media clients. Some attorneys outside the formal ses- sions said one way lawyers can help is by holding legal workshops for editors and reporters. But familiarity with the issues may not be enough. Bruce W. Sanford, Baker & Hos- tetler, Washington, D.C., and general counsel of the Society of Professional Journalists, Sigma Delta Chi, told press- time that editors and reporters are "aw- fully naive" about the "plain, simple facts of what happens in litigation." I Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2010/09/02 : CIA-RDP90-00806R000100090002-9 Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2010/09/02 : CIA-RDP90-00806R000100090002-9 courts Court briefs The full 5th U.S. Circuit Court of Appeals has upheld Mississippi's ban on liquor advertising, saying that the harmful ef- fects of alcohol consumption more than outweigh any First Amendment consider- ations. The court, reversing an earlier decision by one judge of the circuit, said. "If there is any instance where a state can escape First Amendment constraint while prohibit- ing truthful advertising promoting lawful sales, it would be where the product being sold is intoxicating liquor.' A group of media-related companies, including newspapers, challenged the ad ban in two separate cases. Those cases resulted in conflicting decisions by the U.S. district courts for the Northern and the Southern Districts of Mississippi [press- time, June 1983. p. 12]. The U.S. Supreme Court recently de- cided to hear a similar case involving a liquor ad ban in Oklahoma. (See story, p. 16.) A reporter for the Daily Record in Morris- town, N.J., has appealed her conviction of impersonating a public official in order to obtain information for a story. A Kenilworth, N.J., Municipal Court judge found Carla Cantor guilty of charges that she claimed to be "from the morgue" in order to get an interview with the mother of a 24-year-old dancer who was killed. Cantor denied the charge. A U.S. District Court jury awarded $158,000 in damages to the publisher of a semi-weekly newspaper in southern Vir- ginia after finding that two competing newspaper companies violated antitrust law by conspiring to monopolize the market. The jury said Mecklenburg News Inc., publisher of the semi-weekly News Pro- gress, and Halifax Gazette Publishing Inc., publisher of the tri-weekly Gazette-Vir- ginian, illegally conspired to harm Sun Publishing Co. of Clarksville, publisher of the Monday and Thursday Mecklenburg Sun and a Wednesday shopper. An attorney for Mecklenburg News and Halifax Gazette said he would file "appro- priate post-trial motions." Officials of all three companies refused to comment on A U.S. District Court judge said the Pro- vidence (R.I.) Journal Co. must pay $3 in damages plus attorney fees and court costs to the defunct Home Placement Service Inc. that had prevailed in an anti- trust suit against Providence's two daily newspapers because they would not run a Home Placement Service ad. The 1st U.S. Circuit Court of Appeals had ruled in Home Placement Service v. Providence Journal Co. that the newspa- pers were wrong in not accepting advertis- ing that offered, for a fee, a list of rental properties. The Supreme Court let the de- cision stand [presstime, April 1983. p. 12]. The case was returned to the District Court for a decision on damages and in- junctive relief. The latter had not been settled by late November. Judge Bruce M. Selya said he awarded nominal damages of $1-tripled to $3 according to antitrust law-because Home Placement Service failed to show just how much it had been damaged by the news- papers' refusal to publish the ad. The Idaho Supreme Court ruled that a reporter has no privilege against giving material and testimony in a court proceed- ing to determine the location of a child involved in a custody dispute. The court upheld a contempt citation against Ellen Marks of The Idaho States- man, who refused to testify about an inter- view she had with the child's mother; the interview may have led authorities to the child. The father had legal custody. Wanted: court decisions W. Terry Maguire, ANPA vice presi- dent/general counsel, requests that newspapers send to him copies of all court decisions affecting them. Purpose of the request is to help ANPA monitor legal trends in the newspaper business and to help ar- range for publication of decisions in Me- dia Law Reporter, a weekly publication of the Bureau of National Affairs. Maguire's address is The Newspaper Center, Box 17407, Dulles International Airport, Wash., D.C. 20041. The court said that in this case, "the compelling state interests-the sanctity of the writ of habeas corpus and the safety of the child-outweigh any public interest in an unfettered press." Marks, now a reporter with United Press International in Boise, spent seven hours in jail and was fined $36,000 for refusing to testify in September 1980 [presstime, March 1981. p. 18]. Judge Willard L. Walker of the Rich- mond Circuit Court said there is "no way" he will let stand a $1.045-million libel award a high school teacher won from the Richmond (Va.) Times-Dispatch. Walker said the high amount "bears no reasonable relationship to reality at all." However, by late November the judge had not decided whether to sustain the verdict and reduce the award, or throw out the judgment alto- gether [presstime, Oct. 1983, p. 13]. Charles "Bebe" Rebozo and The Wash- ington Post have settled a $10-million libel suit Rebozo filed against the news- paper. He had sued the paper for a story headlined, "Bebe Rebozo Said To Cash Stolen Stock." Under terms of the settlement, both the Post and Rebozo will make contributions to the Boys Clubs of America. The 2nd U.S. Circuit Court of Appeals upheld dismissal of a libel suit against ABC, saying that the media are protected from suits when accurately reporting newsworthy accusations, even if those ac- cusations involved secret grand-jury pro- ceedings. Former ABC television executive George C. Reeves sued ABC News for a report concerning allegations that actor Robert Wagner and his late wife, actress Natalie Wood, were defrauded of profits from an investment in the television series "Charlie's Angels." Reeves said he was defamed by the report and that the report was inaccurate. A federal District Court dismissed the suit. Reeves appealed, saying California libel law does not extend to secret grand- jury proceedings. The appeals court upheld the lower court action. Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2010/09/02 : CIA-RDP90-00806R000100090002-9 Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2010/09/02 : CIA-RDP90-00806R000100090002-9 postal affairs Rate proposal effects mixed for 2nd-, 3rd-class Many weekly and small daily newspa- pers could wind up paying substantially higher second-class postage bills under a rate increase package the U.S. Postal ;service prooosed to the independent Postal Rate Commission. In addition. the package would raise third-class bulk rates for relatively light pieces of mail, including "piggybacked" ad- vertising circulars known as "marriage mail." But it would result in lower costs for bulk pieces weighing more than eight ounces. The proposed rate package, which also would raise the price of a first-class stamp to 23 cents, was submitted to the commis- sion Nov. 10. The commission has 10 months in which to act on the proposal. ANPA is still studying the implications of the proposed rate changes. However, W. Terry Maguire. ANPA vice president and general counsel. said, "The risks in this case are fa- greater than the potential gains." In the second-class category, newspa- pers that use primarily in-county, second- class mail-mainly weeklies and small dai- lies-could be hard hit. particularly if Con- gress eliminates postal subsidies known as "revenue foregone." It is not known how Congress will act. (See story, p. 20.) The per-pound rate for mail sent to subscribers within the county of publica- tion would go up 71 percent, from 4.1 cents per pound to 7 cents, if subsidies are lost. The rate would go up 32 percent, from 4.1 to 5.4 cents, under current levels of funding. The per-piece charge, which is levied on top of the per-pound fee, would increase 60 percent if there are no subsidies, or would not change with current funding. However, the per-piece rate for mailings that are presorted to the carrier route would go down 5 percent with no funding, from 2.1 cents to 2 cents, or 10 percent with current funding, from 2.1 to 1.9 cents. Newspapers that use mainly "regular rate," out-of-county mail would get a break on per-pound rates, with decreases rang- ing from 6.4 percent to 27.9 percent, de- pending on how far the papers are mailed. But per-piece costs for out-of-county mail generally would increase. So-called "limited circulation" publications-those mailing fewer than 5,000 copies outside the county of publication-would pay as much as 47 percent more for each piece, up to a ceiling of 7.5 cents. That is assum- ing loss of postal funding. Under current funding there could be a 57-percent de- crease. Publications mailing 5,000 or more cop- ies outside the county of publication would pay up to 52.8 percent more per piece. to a ceiling of 10.7 cents. The rate package offers carrier-rate dis- counts for out-of-county publications as it does for in-county mailings. Also in second-class for out-of-county mailings, USPS is proposing a discount for copies taken to postal facilities close to Existing (cents) Proposed (cents) . Proposed scents) existing appropriation no appropriation Per piece with carrier-route presort Per pound Non-advertisinq portion Adverlismq portion Per piece Fewer than 5.000 copies outside 3 0S 1 the county of publication 5.000 or more copies outside t 1.7 the county of publication where the mail is to be delivered. In the third-class bulk category, which is used heavily by Advo-System Inc. and other direct-mail firms for marriage mail, the minimum per-piece, carrier-route pre- sort rate would increase 28.3 percent from 7.4 to 9.5 cents-the equivalent of $95 per thousand. The weight break-the highest weight at which individual pieces can take advantage of the lowest rates would in- crease from 3.91 ounces to 4 ounces. The higher cost for marriage mail at the low end of the third-class weight spectrum would translate into a less attractive cost- per-thousand for advertisers. But under the new proposal, the cost for an eight-ounce marriage-mail piece would be roughly the same as existing rates. Pieces weighing from eight to 16 ounces, the maximum allowable weight in this cat- egory, actually would enjoy a savings with the proposed rates. (See graph.) To date, most marriage-mail packages have weighed four ounces or less. Ma- guire said. Adoption of the proposed rates could spur mailings of heavier advertising packages, he added. Maguire also said that newspapers should use caution if planning budgets based on the new USPS proposal. Not only are there uncertainties in postal fund- ing, but the Postal Service and Rate Com- mission often do not agree on new rates without considerable debate and some compromise. ANPA will be an intervenor in the rate case. Per-piece rates for bulk third-class mail presorted to the carrier route Weight (ounces) presstime December 1983 19 Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2010/09/02 : CIA-RDP90-00806R000100090002-9 Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2010/09/02 : CIA-RDP90-00806R000100090002-9 postal affairs regulations USPS says protest of 3rd-class labels should be dismissed The U.S. Postal Service said ANPA's complaint against the use of detached mailing labels for third-class "marriage mail" packages is "unjustified." The Postal Rate Commission should dismiss the com- plaint without scheduling hearings, USPS added. The Association in late November was preparing comments to counter the Postal Service's Nov. 16 brief. In that document, USPS offered back- ground on why it changed postal rules in March 1980 to allow the detached labels. The move was part of an effort to "increase efficiency," USPS said, and to bring mar- riage-mail "flats" into conformance with the "longstanding use" of detached labels for third-class merchandise samples and fourth-class bulk mailings. The Postal Service did not address spe- cific ANPA complaints to the rate commis- sion: that the labels-delivered separately from the marriage mail pieces-violate the law; that they do not bear their fair share of fixed Postal Service costs; and that there- fore they impose a financial burden on other classes of mail [presstime, Nov. 1983, p. 18). The Third Class Mail Association also is opposing ANPA's complaint. f l Congress OKs funds; rates to hold steady Rates for mailing newspapers within the county of publication and for mailing less than 5,000 copies outside the county will go up little if at all in the rest of fiscal year 1984, experts say. That's because Congress agreed Nov. 12 to continue through next Sept. 30 the 1983 funding level for "revenue fore- gone"-the subsidy for in-county and lim- ited circulation deliveries-at about $879 million. President Reagan later signed the measure. The Senate Appropriations Committee had recommended $802 million in this cat- egory, which would have caused a rate increase [presstime, Nov. 1983, p. 16]. But House and Senate conferees later agreed on the higher, House-passed fig- ure. I I Legal challenges expected OSHA unveils `hazard' rules The Occupational Safety and Health Ad- ministration disclosed Nov. 22 new rules requiring manufacturers to label certain hazardous substances used by workers. The "hazard communication" rules are generally supported by industry because there are now at least 18 states that have enacted "right-to-know" laws, and a single federal regulation is preferred. A number of municipalities and counties also have passed legislation dealing with employee exposure to toxic substances in the work place. Organized labor, however, has gener- ally opposed the rules because unions and environmental groups have campaigned successfully for the state laws. Some state laws are more stringent than the OSHA standard. Court challenges to the new rules- which were to be published in the Nov. 25 Federal Register-are expected because such issues as individual companies' trade secrets and whether the OSHA rules pre- empt existing state laws are involved. An OSHA spokesman said manufactur- ers have until Nov. 25, 1985, to be in com- pliance with the standard. OSHA head Thorne G. Auchter dis- cussed the rules at a recent meeting of the ANPA Government Affairs Committee [presstime, Nov. 1983, p. 15]. 1 Regulatory notes ANPA and two other newspaper organi- zations have protested a proposal to in- crease exemptions to the Government in the Sunshine Act, the federal open-meet- ings law. The proposal of a committee of the Ad- ministrative Conference of the United States recommends that the conference, an independent federal agency, urge Con- gress to amend the act to add exemptions for federal agencies' meetings on budget matters, legislative programs and posi- tions, and prospective rulemaking initia- tives. "These are precisely the types of meet- ings which the Sunshine Act sought to open," argued ANPA, the American So- ciety of Newspaper Editors and the Na- tional Newspaper Association. The committee Nov. 7 decided to con- tinue consideration of the proposal but not to bring it before the conference's semi- annual plenary session in December. . ? . President Reagan's nomination of Terry Calvani to the Federal Trade Com- mission, was confirmed Nov. 15 by the Senate. Calvani, a Republican and a pro- fessor at Vanderbilt University School of Law specializing in antitrust law, will fill the seat vacated by former Commissioner Da- vid A. Clanton. Another Reagan nomination, that of Dennis R. Patrick to fill the unexpired term of former Federal Communications Com- missioner Anne P. Jones, was not acted upon before the Senate adjourned for the year Nov. 18. The nomination will have to be resubmitted after the Senate recon- venes Jan. 23. Patrick, also a Republican, is associate director of the Office of Presi- dential Personnel. He was nominated Oct. A proposal to test black newsprint inks in an effort to determine if any carcin- ogenic effects can be found in them has received approval from the first of two re- view panels. The nomination of the inks and their components for testing in the National Toxicology Program was made by the Na- tional Institute for Occupational Safety and Health [presstime, July 1983, p. 28]. The NTP's Chemical Evaluation Com- mittee recommended Nov. 8 that the nomi- nation be accepted. The committee consists of representatives of nine federal agencies. A second review of the nomination will be made by the NTP Board of Scientific Counselors, a group of eight non-govern- mental scientists. The final decision on whether to fund the tests will be made by the NTP Executive Committee. I Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2010/09/02 : CIA-RDP90-00806R000100090002-9 Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2010/09/02 : CIA-RDP90-00806R000100090002-9 state and local L.A. dailies ponder challenge to new media tax Daily newspapers in Los Angeles in late November were undecided whether to seek court action to overturn a new media tax imposed by the City Council that could net the city $1.2 million a year. But the newspapers have no indecision on one point-the tax, they say, is discrimi- natory and therefore unconstitutional. The tax could cost the Los Angeles Times an estimated $532,000 a year, the Herald Examiner $97,000 and the Daily News $29,000, according to Thomas R. Sisson, a chief administrative analyst for the city administrative officer. While the newspapers are not saying what action they might take against the tax, Michael B. Dorais, general manager and general counsel of the California Newspaper Publishers Association, issued a statement saying he "believe(s) it is a foregone conclusion that local publishers will challenge the ordinance." H. Randall Stoke, an attorney represent- ing the Southern California Broadcasters' Association, said he has advised his client to "institute legal action." News organizations argue that the tax is discriminatory and unconstitutional be- cause it does not include motion picture producers, who also are part of an industry protected by the First Amendment. "The Los Angeles Times is willing to pay a valid tax that is fair and equitable," said Robert C. Lobdell, Times vice president and general counsel. However, he said this particular tax "clearly discriminates against newspapers and broadcasters, and is unconstitutional." Zev Yaroslavsky, chairman of the coun- cil's finance and revenue committee, who supports the bill, disagrees. "What was discriminatory was the prior situation where a segment of the business community was not paying," he said, refer- ring to the fact that this bill actually repeals a business-tax exemption for the media that has been in effect since 1949. The new tax on newspapers and broad- casters will be based on gross receipts, as it is for most other businesses in Los An- geles. The media are to pay $1.25 per $1,000 of gross receipts-the second low- est rate in the city. The council approved the tax Nov. 16 by an 11-3 vote: a similar tax was defeated last year, 8-7 [presstime, Jan. 1983, p. 17]. 1' Smoking rules approved in two cities San Franciscans, by a wisp of a margin, have voted to restrict smoking in office work places. But if the decision was close, the actions it triggers will be much more definitive. Employers in San Francisco have until March 1 to draft a smoking policy accom- modating the preferences of both smokers and non-smokers. On Nov. 21 the Board of Supervisors certified the results of the Nov. 8 referendum, in which the tally was 80,740 in favor of the restriction, 79,481 against. The ordinance became effective Dec. 1. If non-smokers are dissatisfied with their employer's arrangement and want smok- ing banned, employers must honor their wishes or face fines of up to $500 a day. Elizabeth A. (Betty) Cutter, personnel manager of the San Francisco Newspaper Agency-the company that handles non- editorial functions for the San Francisco Chronicle and the San Francisco Exam- iner-said the company is drafting a pol- icy. The San Francisco ordinance is similar to one that went into effect Nov. 3 in Palo Alto, Calif. The ordinance there, which was approved in a vote of the city council rather than in a referendum, prohibits smoking in all meeting and conference rooms, re- quires that two-thirds of cafeteria space be designated a no-smoking area, and stipu- lates that in every controversy between smokers and non-smokers the rights of non-smokers will prevail. "Two and a half years ago we divided our cafeteria in half for smokers and non- smokers," noted Dennis L. Kennelly, direc- tor of employee relations for the Peninsula Times Tribune in Palo Alto. "Now we will have to do some rearranging." Kennelly said that by the end of January, all employers must have a written non- smoking policy defining each employee's work area. "This mean that if an employ- ee's work station encompasses 10 or 15 feet, the employee can put up a sign ban- ning smoking in that area," Kennelly said. He and other employer representatives were to meet in late November with the city attorney to discuss how the law will be enforced. Some newspapers have voluntarily taken steps to mitigate the effects of smok- ing in offices [presstime, July 1982, p. 59]. f Illinois adopts FOI act The Illinois Senate Nov. 2 agreed with Gov. James R. Thompson's changes in an FOI bill that had been passed by the legis- lature [presstime, Nov. 1983. p. 15]. That hurdle having been cleared. Illinois had its first Freedom of Information Act. i 1 Ohio proposal sets standards for VDTs A bill has been introduced in the Ohio General Assembly to provide "minimum" health and safety standards for the opera- tion of video display terminals. The bill would require employers to: ? Provide operators with adjustable chairs and tables ? Eliminate glare from windows by drapes or blinds of a type specified by the state's Department of Industrial Relations ? Reduce noise in the work place ? Provide free eye examinations and eyeglasses if needed ? Offer alternate employment to preg- nant operators and not reduce their pay because of a transfer from VDT work. Employers also would be prohibited from using a VDT to monitor the productiv- ity of an operator. The bill states that employers "may" au- thorize "if feasible" 15-minute work breaks for each hour of continuous VDT work "provided the operator is willing to perform other comparable work" during the 1 5-min- ute period. The legislation was introduced at the urging of Local 925 of the Service Employ- ees International Union. Maine and Connecticut have passed bills creating VDT safety study commis- sions [presstime, July 1983, p. 27]. I Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2010/09/02 : CIA-RDP90-00806R000100090002-9 Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2010/09/02 : CIA-RDP90-00806R000100090002-9 telecommunications All eyes are on Viewtron screen test By Margaret Genovese presstime staff writer If the countdown was closely watched, the actual orbiting is going to be even more so. That much was made clear in the first month following the launch of Viewtron, the telephone-based videotex service of Knight-Ridder Newspapers Inc. After more than six years of research and development. Viewtron began com- mercial operation Oct. 30 in South Florida [presstime, Nov. 1983, p. 35]. It is the first U.S. commercial videotex service with full color and graphics aimed at the consumer market. And by the end of next year, Knight-Ridder will have invested $29 million in it. Whether the project will stay aloft or tumble to the ground for lack of profitability is the major question being asked by those monitoring the service. "There isn't anybody who isn't looking at it," said ANPA Director Telecommuni- cations Affairs Kathleen Criner. "In the minds of many people, if this doesn't work, there may not be a market for these kinds of services." However, Criner cautioned against jumping to conclusions in a few weeks or even a year about the feasibility of vide- otex technology, which is basically a two- way electronic exchange of text and or graphic information using telephone lines or cable television as the conduit. So far, there is little information on which even to speculate. Viewdata Corp. of America Inc., the Knight-Ridder subsidiary that operates the service, has not released the number of subscribers signed up in the first weeks of operation and won't even provide that in- formation to Viewtron advertisers for at least six months, according to Morton Goldstrom III, marketing director. The company's goal is 5.000 subscribers in the first year. Nor is usage data being released pub- licly According to Viewdata spokeswoman Mary C. Bulterman, there are two reasons for this: First, Viewdata does not want to give the information to potential competitors. Two are poised on the launch pad: Times Mirror Sean and Heather Markham, children of Miami Herald writer Wayne S. Markham, push View- tron buttons as the nation's first full videotex service begins in the Sunshine State. Co., scheduled to begin its Gateway video- tex service in Orange County. Calif.. in mid-1984: and KEYCOM Electronic Pub- lishing, a joint venture of Field Enterprises Inc., Centel Corp. and Honeywell Inc., scheduled to begin its KEYFAX Interactive Information Service in Chicago April 15. Second, Viewdata has agreements with six other newspaper companies to provide research data and training for the launch of Viewtron in 12 markets where those com- panies publish newspapers. Because they will have the information, whether those companies start to move on their own Viewtron projects will be a "good tip-off" as to whether things are falling into place for Viewtron, says media analyst J. Kendrick Noble, first vice president of Paine Webber Mitchell Hutchins Inc. "At the moment. I am betting that that, in fact, takes place," he said. Plans also call for Viewtron to be offered in five other markets where Knight-Ridder owns newspapers, a situation parallel to South Florida where the company pub- lishes The Miami Herald. Bulterman said the roll-out in those other locations will not begin until after the first year of operation in South Florida. Consumer information. In order to subscribe to Viewtron, consumers need a Sceptre terminal manufactured by AT&T. Currently, Sceptre is the only device that can be used to call up Viewtron informa- tion, although Viewdata has sold "calibra- tion packages" to about 20 companies that enable them to determine whether their terminals might be able to receive View- tron. Consumers install the units themselves. The terminal hardware consists of a 13-by- 11-inch control unit, which attaches to the home television set and to the telephone line, plus a cordless, hand-held keypad. The fact that Viewtron is a telephone- based system means that anyone with a telephone, a television and a Sceptre ter- minal can subscribe to the service. Viewtron instructions and a subscriber identification number and password come with the terminal. A free, one-month subscription also is provided. To start the Viewtron viewing process, a consumer-using the keypad with its type- writer-like keyboard enters the company- provided ID number and password and the proper billing information Viewtron s subs- Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2010/09/02 : CIA-RDP90-00806R000100090002-9 Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2010/09/02 : CIA-RDP90-00806R000100090002-9 telecommunications cription fee is $12 a month, and Southern Bell charges an additional fee of about $1 an hour for using the telephone line for Viewtron. At launch, Viewtron's data base con- tained about 75,000 frames of information in 14 categories: news, sports, money, education, games, shopping, messages, health, food and dining, entertainment, home and family, travel, classifieds and reference. A bank-at-home service will be added in mid-January. AT&T and Viewdata were partners in a 1980-81 field test of Viewtron in Coral Ga- bles, Fla., and now they are jointly market- ing the service throughout South Florida. Viewdata alone is spending $1.5 million on advertising and marketing. Advertising includes newspaper and TV ads and point-of-purchase displays in re- tail stores where Sceptre terminals are available. Direct mail also is being used to reach Viewtron's target audience-persons 25 to 49 years of age who earn more than $35,000 a year. The ads invite people to seminars held in Sceptre-stocked stores; about 70 such seminars are expected to be conducted in South Florida by the end of this year. Currently, 31 stores sell the terminals- AT&T Phone Centers, VideoConcepts out- lets, ComputerLand outlets and Burdines department stores. Margaret A. Cathcart, staff manager for AT&T consumer products, said Sceptre sales were "going well," but company pol- icy prohibited disclosure of specific figures. The Sceptre terminal can also be used to gain access to three other electronic information services, Cathcart said. They are the Dow Jones News/Retrieval service, CompuServe and The Source. It also will be used for Times Mirror's Gateway ser- vice. The terminal, which regularly costs $900, is being sold in South Florida at a special price of $600. David J. Shay, director of merchandise for a major Burdines store in a South Miami shopping mall, said he is "very pleased" with customer response, which he termed "overwhelming." In the first three weeks after Viewtron's launch, "more than 100" Sceptre terminals were sold in his store, Shay said, exceed- ing his company's projections. "We think it will be a great Christmas item." Once subscribers are signed onto the Viewtron service, retaining them is being given a high priority, according to spokes- woman Bulterman. Among the Viewtron staff of about 180 is a "fairly large" cus- tomer service staff. Bulterman said these employees are try- ing to avoid the kind of "horror stories" associated with some cable TV services. Viewtron's customer-service phone lines are staffed from 9 a.m. to midnight, seven days a week, to answer any question a Viewtron subscriber may have. Subscribers also can request assistance via Viewtron's "electronic mail," sending- and-receiving capability. House acts to block telephone access fees The House of Representatives Nov. 10 passed telecommunications legislation that would block new telephone fees the Federal Communications Commission wants to impose as part of the AT&T dives- titure Jan. 1. Among those fees are a $2-monthly charge for residential phones and a $6- monthly charge for business phones for access to long-distance service. ANPA in late November was analyzing the bill, HR 4102, especially for its provi- sions that would impose additional fees on the use of technology to save money by bypassing local phone networks. Such "bypass" fees might be imposed on such systems as microwave links newspapers have with satellite printing plants [press- time, Nov. 1983, p. 37]. In a related development, ANPA in late November filed comments with the FCC in support of major wire services that have objected to proposed tariffs filed by local operating companies. The new rates would result in substantially higher bills for the wires. ANPA also filed comments objecting to a contention by one of the Bell operating companies that the local company should be allowed to provide any kind of public- service announcement. Bell Atlantic made the statement in re- sponse to a decision by Judge Harold H. Greene of the U.S. District Court for the District of Columbia. Greene said that under the 1983 consent decree setting forth terms for the divestiture, local operat- ing companies may be able to provide time and weather services. The consent decree does not specifically address that point. Bell Atlantic said it would like to provide time and weather but claimed it also should be allowed to provide other forms of announcements. Going after advertising. Other View- tron staffers are involved in editing, de- signing the frames of information, marketing and advertising sales. Viewtron has four-person advertising sales offices in New York and Chicago. The service has 150 advertisers either already on the service or in the process of being put on, Bulterman reported. Sub- scribers can use Viewtron to order mer- chandise from about two-thirds of them. One major advertiser that participated in the 14-month Coral Gables test but is not currently using the new medium is Sears. "It's possible that we could be involved at some later date," said Ronald L. Ram- seyer, Sears' national catalog advertising manager. "It's kind of an expensive thing to do for such a small sample." Viewtron charges $1 per frame of infor- mation per week to keep advertising in its data base, plus additional charges for frame production and input [presstime, March 1983, p. 21]. The electronic orders reach advertisers in two different ways. In the case of J.C. Penney, for instance, there is an electronic "gateway" arrangement that links Viewtron computers to computers located at Pen- ney offices in Atlanta. In the other in- stance, such as with Burdines department stores, orders are transmitted to a View- tron terminal in the store. How has business been for Viewtron advertisers in the early going? "Actually pretty good, considering it's only been live on the market three or four weeks," re- ported Kim Hunter, state coordinator for Select-a-Seat, a company that sells tickets for concerts, sporting events and theatrical productions throughout South Florida. She said 25 to 30 orders had been placed through Viewtron, with tickets-per- order ranging from two to six. Harry Milsen, whose Miami Beach florist shop is one of several on the service, said he got about a half-dozen orders through- Viewtron in the first three weeks of opera- tion. ^ Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2010/09/02 : CIA-RDP90-00806R000100090002-9 Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2010/09/02 : CIA-RDP90-00806R000100090002-9 telecommunications Cable TV start-ups show decline since peak in 1982 Newspapers' recent rush into cable TV programming may have peaked in 1982, according to a survey of daily newspapers in the United States and Canada involved in cable television. The survey was con- ducted by ANPA and the Newspaper Ad- vertising Bureau. Of 68 newspapers that responded that they currently are engaged in cable TV programming, one started in 1978, five in 1979, 10 in 1980, 13 in 1981 and 31 in 1982. However, in July 1983, when the survey was taken, only eight reported starting operations this year. ANPA Director/Telecommunications Af- fairs Kathleen Criner suggested three rea- sons for the apparent decline in start-ups. First, newspapers may have re-exam- ined their options and selected other tech- nologies such as videotex or so-called "public access videotex" where terminals are placed in shopping malls and hotels. Second, newspapers may not see a business opportunity in cable program- ming because "there aren't any really overwhelming success stories." And, third, newspapers that want to be cable programmers may not be able to work out an arrangement with cable system operators. The survey found that 11 newspapers said their cable services are currently profitable. Criner said although this number is small, she views it as a positive finding. She added that prior to the com- pletion of the survey she had "no verifica- tion that any of them were profitable." The survey was conducted of the 158 U.S. and Canadian dailies that said, in response to an earlier survey, that they were participating in or planning cable operations [presstime, April 1983, p. 16]. Only three newspapers known to be acti- vely programming cable did not respond. The two survey-sponsoring organizations will issue a final report on their findings. Forty-five newspapers said that in five years they expect to be conducting a profitable cable venture; 15 said they ex- pect to upgrade their service to a videotex operation; and 20 said they expect to up- grade to teletext. ^ Telecommunications notes Skyband Inc., controlled by publisher Rupert Murdoch, announced that it will delay beginning its direct broadcast satel- lite service until 1985. Originally, the ser- vice was to have begun this fall. Among the reasons given for the post- ponement was a desire to use a new, more powerful type of satellite so that receiving dishes could be smaller [presstime, Oct. 1983, p. 23]. The first U.S. DBS service began Nov. 15. The United Satellite Communications Inc. system initially is delivering five chan- nels of programming to the Indianapolis area. It uses an existing satellite. The Federal Communications Commis- sion Nov. 8 said that the federal govern- ment, not states and localities, have regulatory authority over satellite master antenna systems. Typically, these systems deliver programming via satellite to receiving dishes on top of apartment buildings. The signal is then carried by cable to the individual dwelling units. In another ruling, the FCC said states and localities cannot regulate rates for pay TV services on cable television. They may, however, regulate rates for basic service. The House Telecommunications Sub- committee Nov. 16 approved and sent to the full Energy and Commerce Committee a cable-TV regulatory bill. Four provi- sions that ANPA committees said they op- posed in the bill as introduced by Subcommittee Chairman Timothy D. Wirth (D-Colo.) remained in the legislation [presstime, Nov. 1983, p. 15]. These provisions would prohibit newspapers from owning cable systems in the same com- munity, allow government ownership of cable systems, require cable system oper- ators to provide leased access to some cable channels and restrict the collection and use of cable subscriber information. Three California newspaper companies have announced plans to launch an agri- business videotex service in late 1984. "Grassroots California" will be operated as a joint venture by Videotex America, an affiliate of The Times Mirror Co., parent of the Los Angeles Times; McClatchy Newspapers, publishers of the Bee newspapers in Sacramento, Fresno and Modesto; and TBC Inc., publisher of The Bakersfield Californian. Harris Enterprises Inc. has expanded its telephone-based, videotex service. Now called "Harris Electronic News," the ser- vice started in July 1982 as "Agritext," a Hutchinson, Kan.-based service aimed pri- marily at a farmer and agribusiness market [presstime, July 1982, p. 28]. It recently established a second office in the Kansas City, Mo., suburb of Olathe, Kan., and has increased its data base to include additional business news and fi- nancial information, and, for Kansas City subscribers, news and information about that area. Knight-Ridder Newspapers Inc. plans to purchase a 50-percent interest in mobile telephone systems in 15 cities. The FCC has approved Knight-Ridder's agreement to acquire half of TelAir Network Miami, and requests for acquisitions in the other 14 cities are pending before the commis- sion. TelAir operates so-called "specialized mobile radio" services that provide direct- dial telephone service for cars and boats in the 15 cities. SMR is similar in function to the new cellular radio service, but the two services use different technologies and frequencies. Time Inc. ended its experimental tele- text project and decided not to launch a commercial service. Time had been exper- imenting with teletext over cable TV systems in Orlando, Fla., and San Diego [presstime, Oct. 1983, p. 23]. A Warner Communications Inc. spokes- man had "no comment" on a story pub- lished in The Washington Post that said the company is planning a "home informa- tion and entertainment project that would for the first time offer consumers full two- way video services." ^ Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2010/09/02 : CIA-RDP90-00806R000100090002-9 Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2010/09/02 : CIA-RDP90-00806R000100090002-9 news-editorial Initial Grenada reaction misleading Public backed blackout? Polls inconclusive By Neil D. Swan and C. David Rambo presstime staff writers After initial reports showed the public siding with the Reagan administration- and against the media-over government control of news of the Grenada invasion, it appears that a respectable percentage of Americans do share the concerns of those in the press about First Amendment rights. The media critics jumped on the issue right away. They loudly praised the Presi- dent and the victory and got in their licks at the media on talk shows and elsewhere," said Floyd Abrams, a New York attorney specializing in press and broadcast rights issues. "But when we got a more serious, more scientific polling of opinion, we find the public much more sympathetic toward this question (press freedom) than it first appeared." While the results of two polls appear somewhat contradictory, they at least show that public support for a news black- out was less widespread than initially feared by many First Amendment experts. And most Americans opposed any future blackouts of this sort. In Congress, a measure to limit news controls passed the Senate as an amend- ment to the debt ceiling bill but was dropped in a conference with the House as the session wound to an end. In the meantime, leaders of a number of press organizations, including ANPA, scheduled a joint session to discuss the denial of reporter access to early Grenada operations and its potential future impact on the relations of journalists, the govern- ment and the military. Also, a high-level commission of news representatives and military officers was created by the Penta- gon to examine these issues. In the hectic first days after the Oct. 25 surprise invasion, with highly unusual news controls in effect, it appeared as if millions of Americans were willing, if not pleased, to see the media denied access to news from Grenada. Many seemed eager to gloat at the frustrations and pro- tests of the reporters, editors, newspapers and TV networks. In those first days, evidence of the pub- lic's general support for the White House and the Pentagon mounted, much of it through the broadcast media: ? By a 4-1 majority, viewers responding to a phone-in news-comment show on Ca- ble Network News told CNN's Daniel Schorr they applauded the news blackout. ? Listener phone-in response to the na- tionwide Larry King Show on the Mutual Broadcast System ran 75-25 in favor of the government and against the media. Lis- tener response to local talk shows in many cities was similar. ? Mail to TV networks was overwhel- mingly-perhaps 10 to 1-in support of the administration's muzzling of the media, according to testimony before a House subcommittee. ? Letters-to-the-editor columns and man-in-the-street interview stories in many newspapers expressed strong support of news curbs. One Washington Post reader wrote, "Thoughtful citizens everywhere are rejoicing in the liberal press's discomfiture about the way the Reagan administration and the Defense Department 'controlled the news."' The mood of the public was felt at the White House, where Chief of Staff James A. Baker III told the Los Angeles Times that "a large majority of the American people support" a press blackout on Gre- nada. Representatives of the nation's media were saddened at their first appraisal of public response. Former CBS news anchor Walter Cron- kite told a Tonight Show audience he was "disappointed" at the public's failure to rec- ognize the ominous nature of the news- control efforts. Because of the widespread anti-media views reported in publications nationwide, Tennessee editor Richard D. Smyser com- mented, "I share the chill that runs through any conscientious newsperson. Unfortu- nately, people don't understand the First Amendment, and that scares me." Smyser, editor of The Oak Ridger of Oak Ridge, Tenn., and vice president of the American Society of Newspaper Edi- tors, said it was apparent that the Presi- dent and his advisors have "no intellectual concern for the reason of the First Amend- ment." He said their focus is on the metho- dology of the press-persistent re- porters constantly poking around for infor- mation, sometimes to the irritation of gov- ernment officials-and not in terms of the "checks and balances of an informed pub- lic." Judith D. Hines, vice president and di- rector of ANPA Foundation and a member of the First Amendment Congress, said lack of public support "says we (the press) haven't done our job well enough" in edu- cating the public about the virtues of free- dom of the press. But then, after the passage of time and the belated beginning of on-the-scene news reports from the tiny Caribbean is- land nation, the picture began to change. In some areas, a second generation of letters-to-the-editor began to appear, chid- ing the first crop of letter writers for their haste in approving news-muzzling. And then came results from a national poll de- signed scientifically to test public opinion on the issue. A Washington Post-ABC News national poll showed that a plurality of the American public thought the government was wrong in restricting Grenadan coverage. In response to the question, "Would you say the U.S. government has tried to con- trol news reports out of Grenada more than it should or not?," 48 percent of res- pondents said yes, 38 percent said no, and 14 percent were undecided. The Nov. 3-7 telephone poll contacted 1,505 people se- lected from a random sample. A poll by the Los Angeles Times found somewhat different results. The Times poll, taken Nov. 12-17, found 41 percent disapproved of the Grenada blackout (ver- sus 48 percent in the Post-ABC poll), 52 percent approved (versus 38 percent) and 7 percent did not know (versus 14 per- cent). But by a 2-1 margin, those polled by the Times said they opposed the notion of the blackout's becoming a precedent for future combat operations. Sixty-three percent Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2010/09/02 : CIA-RDP90-00806R000100090002-9 Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2010/09/02 : CIA-RDP90-00806R000100090002-9 news-editorial THE PEOPLE NAVE THERIGNT TO KNOW' You SAID! IT'S OUR JOURNALISTIC RE". SIBILITY TO PRINT GEN. CUSTEXS PLPN TO CAME TO LITTLE BIG HORN', YOU SAID! Most newspaper editorials and cartoons showered protests on gov- ernment news control in Grenada, such as the example at right. But a few, like the cartoon above, were sympathetic toward blackout. said they opposed such restrictions in the future, 28 percent approved and 9 percent did not know. In its poll of 2,004 adult Americans na- tionwide, the Times also found that by a 4- 1 margin, the public believes journalists who accompany combat troops perform a necessary service. CNN's Schorr said he was not overly surprised at the polls indicating much stronger public criticism of news control than his phone-in segment had indicated. "It's a matter of the sample," he said. "I did not conduct a poll. I provided an outlet for those who volunteered an opinion; those with a strong opinion." Attorney Abrams, who has argued me- dia rights cases before the Supreme Court and written extensively on the issue, said he was pleased by the Post-ABC poll re- sults. "The administration, for all its pleasure at the public support it saw for news con- trols, must feel a bit bruised at the near- unanimity of the media criticism it is receiv- ing," he said. "News blockade." Numerous press or- ganizations, including ANPA, the Ameri- can Society of Newspaper Editors, and the Society of Professional Journalists, Sigma Delta Chi, strongly protested what ANPA called the "news blockade." On Oct. 27, ANPA issued a sharp mes- sage, saying, "Such actions to keep the correspondents of a free press from serv- ing the information needs of a free society are unprecedented and intolerable." Jerry W. Friedheim, ANPA executive vice president and a former assistant se- cretary of defense for public affairs, said the Association "urges the President and the Congress to immediately investigate how this public information fiasco occurred and to renounce the policy of secret wars hidden from the American people." (See essay, p. 30.) In a follow-up letter, ANPA Chairman and President William C. Marcil and ASNE President Creed C. Black asked President Reagan to meet with a small group of edi- tors and publishers on the news control issue. While there had been no reply to that request by late November, leaders of edi- tors and publishers groups planned their own meeting. Black and Marcil called a special meeting for Nov. 30 in Washington for the presidents or senior representa- tives of ANPA, ASNE, the Associated Press Managing Editors Association, the Associated Press, United Press Interna- tional, the Reporters Committee for Free- dom of the Press and SPJ,SDX to discuss the government news blackout and possi- ble consensus responses. In a response to the media protests, Defense Secretary Caspar W. Weinberger and Army Gen. John W. Vessey Jr., chair- man of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, asked Winant Sidle to head a commission to in- vestigate ways the press could be accom- modated on any future military missions. Sidle, a retired Army major general, is AND THAT'S THE WAY IT IS, oN THE ALL-NEW, ALL-GOVLRNMENT NEWS NETWORK. THIS IS LARRY SPEAKES FOR "BELIEVE IT OR ELSE." BE SURE To STAY TUNED NOW FOR "BEAT THE PRLSS", FOLLOWED BY AN IN-DEPTH LOOK AT THE THINKING BEHIND U.S. FOREIGN POLICY ON "W-SECONDS" THIS STATION'S MINUTE OF SILENCE. NTWI. Ltrt arIN LUltrSMCAth*.L public relations director of Martin Marietta Corp., a major defense contractor. His commission is to be comprised of journal- ists and military personnel. Sidle told presstime the commission will probably have 16 to 20 members. After appointments are made, he hopes meet- ings will begin early in 1984. Recommen- dations will be sent to the Pentagon on improving media-military relations, particu- larly in times of crisis, but no timetable has been established, he said. Joining in the press organizations' pro- tests were dozens of newspapers. Typical of the editorial-page criticism was that of The Daily World of Opelousas, La. It questioned why Reagan would ex- clude "firsthand reports going back to America. It now appears to have been an attempt by the administration to paint the invasion as a painless rescue mission in which American soldiers are glamorized to perfection.... We must never be denied the pains of war. That would make war too easy." The New York Times described as "feeble" the Reagan administration's rea- sons for barring the press for the first two days of the invasion: danger to journalists, "military necessity," and Defense Secre- tary Weinberger's assertion that he "wouldn't ever dream of overriding a com- mander's decision" to keep reporters away from the scene. "If some general does not understand the big principle at stake here, then civilian commanders-like the secretary of de- Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2010/09/02 : CIA-RDP90-00806R000100090002-9 Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2010/09/02 : CIA-RDP90-00806R000100090002-9 news-editorial fense-surely should," the Times said. "The principle is not hard to grasp. It's not a case of accommodating a few hundred reporters or their employers. It's a case of responsibility to 235 million Americans who depend on those reporters." But the press's condemnation of the government's clampdown on information was not unanimous. Some papers de- fended the government's actions. For example, the Richmond (Va.) Times-Dispatch said it did not go along with outrage expressed by so many other papers because "we are more concerned about the security of our country and of the men and women who fight for it." Another conservative daily, The Wash- ington Times, said that freedom of the press is "not an absolute. It is ... part of an interlocking network of constitutional de- vices designed to insure the survival of our democracy, designed to shield our free- doms." At least one news organization was con- sidering filing a First Amendment lawsuit over the government's handling of the sit- uation, but by press time none had done so. Such a suit was filed, however, in the U.S. District Court for the District of Colum- bia by the publisher of Hustler, a sex mag- U.S. assists in revival of newspaper in Grenada A privately owned press returned to Gre- nada Nov. 19 with the revival of a news- paper whose editors were jailed in 1981 by the socialist government of recently mur- dered Prime Minister Maurice Bishop. Pro- duction of the Grenadian Voice was assisted by American military forces. "The price is only one dollar, with no jail afterward," said Editor Leslie Pierre as he hawked copies in downtown St. George's. A front-page editorial offered President Reagan the newspaper's "Order of Valor" for ordering what it called a "rescue mis- sion." The United States provided some type- setting equipment and flew the copy aboard military transport planes to Barba- dos for printing and then back again for distribution. Bishop had jailed journalists, shut down publications and lectured that "an indepen- dent press is a tool to challenge the revolu- tionary process." ^ APME names panel to probe newspaper credibility issue The Associated Press Managing Editors Association has formed a new committee to examine the credibility of newspapers. The Credibility Committee, which was established during the organization's 49th annual convention Nov. 1-4 in Louisville, will "deal with the problem of sloppy report- ing and inaccuracies in print," said Ted M. Natt, editor and publisher of The Daily News, Longview, Wash. Natt was elected APME president at the convention. In another development there, Robert H. Giles, editor of the Democrat & Chronicle and Times-Union of Rochester, N.Y., re- ported on a survey showing that nearly four of every 10 editors believe they have a job-related health problem. The study, a follow-up to a similar project in 1979, found that inability to sleep was the most fre- quently cited health problem. Detailed reports by APME committees also were released during the convention. The committees and the chairmen that produced them are: ? Modern Living: Richard B. Tuttle, Star-Gazette Sunday Telegram, Elmira, N.Y. ? Business & Economics: Alan Moyer, The Arizona Republic, Phoenix ? Newsroom Management: Larry Ful- ler, Argus Leader, Sioux Falls, S.D. ? Citations: Jennifer Allen, The Com- mercial Dispatch, Columbus, Miss. ? Minorities: George R. Blake, The Cin- cinnati Enquirer ? Photo & Graphics: C. Donald Hat- field, Herald-Dispatch, Huntington, W.Va. ? State News: Jack E. Howey, Nixon Newspapers Inc., Peru, Ind. ? Sports Study: Drake Mabry, The Des Moines Register ? Writing and Editing (three reports- "Libel and Invasion of Privacy Manual," "Editors in the Electronic Age" and "A Note-Writer's Index"): Trueman E. Farris Jr., Milwaukee Sentinel ? Freedom of Information: The Miami News ? Telecommunications and Techno- logy: Thomas W. Jobson, The Asbury (N.J.) Park Press ? Changing Newspaper (two reports- "A Report on Sunday Magazines" and "A Look at USA Today"): David Halvorsen, San Francisco Examiner ? Professional Standards: Ralph Langer, The Dallas Morning News ? Media Competition: Philip Bookman, Stockton (Calif.) Record ? General News: Gene Foreman, The Philadelphia Inquirer ? Foreign News: Robert J. Cochnar, San Jose (Calif.) Mercury-News ? P.M. Newspaper: Robert W. Ritter, The Olympian, Olympia, Wash. ? Journalism Education: Lawrence K. Beaupre, Times-Union, Rochester ? 50th Anniversary History: William F. Cento, St. Paul (Minn.) Dispatch. Limited quantities of the reports are available from the ANPA Public Affairs De- partment. Besides Natt, the convention also elected Michael J. Davies of The Hartford Courant, vice president; James F. Daubel of The News-Messenger, Fremont, Ohio, secretary; and W. Howard Eanes of the Augusta (Ga.) Chronicle, treasurer. ^ Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2010/09/02 : CIA-RDP90-00806R000100090002-9 Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2010/09/02 : CIA-RDP90-00806R000100090002-9 news-editorial SPJ, SDX fund drive will seek $2.4 million for new programs The Society of Professional Journalists, Sigma Delta Chi, has decided to expand its programs and services-including es- tablishment and op- eration of an In- stitute for Profes- sional Journalism- through a new fund- raising program. "We decided that we have got to get out of the strait- jacket of relying en- tirely on member- ship dues," said in- Phil J. Record coming President Phil J. Record, associate executive editor of the Fort Worth Star-Telegram. The initial goal, approved by the soci- ety's board of directors during the SPJ,SDX convention Nov. 9-13 in San Francisco, is to raise $600,000 from members over and above dues. Record said the campaign then will attempt to raise another $1.8 million over the next three years from media corporations and large foundations that are interested in free-press matters. For the most part, the extra money would be earmarked for the IPJ, which would serve as an umbrella for seven ma- jor projects: a journalism fellowship pro- gram, a visiting editors' program in which smaller media companies would be able to benefit from the expertise of well-known editors, a full-time continuing-education coordinator, fellowships for Third World journalists, an additional $100,000 annual allotment for The Quill magazine, more continuing-education regional conferences and an increase in the programs of local and campus chapters. Tentatively at least, the IPJ would be located in Chicago, where the society is based. Also with money raised in the fund drive, SPJ,SDX wants to establish a Freedom of Information Center with a full-time staff director in Washington, D.C., Record said. The center would serve as a permanent home for data on FOI and free-press is- sues. Lastly, the organization plans to expand its Education and Public Awareness Pro- gram, which attempts to educate the public about free-press concerns. These and other activities will require SPJ,SDX to hire a full-time fund-raiser, and a search is underway for such a per- son, Record added. In other business at the 74th annual convention: ? Record was elected 1983-84 presi- dent, succeeding Steven R. Dornfeld, Washington correspondent of Knight-Rid- der Newspapers Inc. Other officers elected were Frank Su- therland, managing editor of the Hatties- burg (Miss.) American, president-elect; Robert Lewis, Newhouse Newspapers Inc., Washington, D.C., secretary; and Robert H. Wills, editor of The Milwaukee Sentinel, treasurer. ? The society released two compre- hensive reports. The 1983 Journalism Ethics Report, produced in cooperation with Capital Cities Communications Inc. and Montgomery Newspapers of Fort Washington, Pa., held that today's news executives are more reluctant than their counterparts of a decade ago to permit staff members to accept free trips, gifts and favors. The 1983-84 Freedom of Infor- mation Report, produced in cooperation with Gannett News Service, reviewed ma- jor free-press cases of the past year. Copies of both publications are avail- able from the society at 840 N. Lake Shore Drive, Suite 801 West, Chicago, Ill. 60611. ^ AP to launch new service carrying sports statistics The Associated Press will launch a new service called Special Sports Statistics to satisfy increasing demand for so-called "agate" matter. The supplemental wire, carrying de- tailed statistics and other data unavailable on traditional AP sports wires, will be deliv- ered via satellite at 1,200 words per mi- nute, starting Dec. 1. The material will be sent unjustified so that newspapers "can mold it to fit their own specific needs," the wire service said. ^ TV reporter Byron Barnett, cameraman John Thompson broadcast from newsroom of Lawrence Eagle-Tribune. 5 papers, TV station establish unique news sharing co-op Five Massachusetts daily newspapers and a Boston television station have launched a highly unusual news coopera- tive called the New England News Ex- change. Under the arrangement, newspaper and TV reporters can tap the knowledge and expertise of one another. The station, WNEV-TV, has rented space and set up two-person bureaus at the Lawrence Eagle-Tribune, The Middle- sex News of Framingham, The Patriot Ledger of Quincy, the Worcester Telegram and The Evening Gazette of Worcester. Besides the mutual benefit of sharing information, the newspapers also benefit from being mentioned in the newscasts as sources of information, noted Kenneth J. Botty, editor of the Worcester dailies. Daniel J. Warner, editor of the Lawrence paper, echoed this view. "Our readers are impressed," he said. "They see us as larger than they saw us before." Warner said that the exchange, which began in mid-October, is working well. In fact, "we're getting more help from them (the TV station) than I thought we'd get." WNEV tipped off the Eagle-Tribune on the name of a local victim in the bombing of the U.S. Marine outpost in Lebanon. WNEV spokeswoman Robin Reibel said two other television stations plan to join the exchange, WLNE of Providence. R.I., and WFSB of Hartford, Conn. I Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2010/09/02 : CIA-RDP90-00806R000100090002-9 Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2010/09/02 : CIA-RDP90-00806R000100090002-9 news-editorial news research U.S. marshal poses as reporter, prompting complaints, `inquiry' The Justice Department is conducting an inquiry into an incident in Athens, Ga., in which a deputy U.S. marshal posed as a reporter. The investigation was sought by four Athens newspapers. The incident took place Oct. 14 in the Athens office of the Progressive Resource Center, a clearinghouse for certain citi- zens' groups. Two marshals went there to serve a summons on a member of an or- ganization planning to hold a demonstra- tion at the nearby Savannah River Plant, where fuel for nuclear weapons is pro- duced. The summons was for a hearing on a request for an injunction to stop the pro- test. In the process of trying to identify the person to whom the court papers were addressed, one of the marshals said he was a reporter from Greenville, S.C. Following the incident, a letter of protest was sent to U.S. Attorney General William French Smith by Robert W. Chambers, publisher of The Athens Banner-Herald and Daily News; Rollin M. McCommons, publisher of The Athens Observer, a weekly newspaper; and Charles H. Rus- sell, general manager of The Red and Black, the University of Georgia daily. Also protesting the action were the local chapters of the Society of Professional Journalists, Sigma Delta Chi, and the American Civil Liberties Union. A spokesman for the U.S. Marshals Service, which is part of the Justice De- partment, said that the practice is not ille- gal and that the service has no prohibition against it. In confirming that an "inquiry" is being conducted, Justice spokesman John K. Russell said he could not comment further while the investigation is going on. A bill introduced in the Senate earlier this year would set standards for Justice Department agents impersonating report- ers [presstime, Sept. 1983, p. 13]. S 804 is pending in the Judiciary Committee, with no action currently scheduled. ANPA Counsel/Government Affairs Claudia M. James said ANPA is seeking to compile information on the extent to which other incidents of reporter impersonation have occurred, either by federal or state officials. ^ Crackdown aims at another leak The federal government has taken an- other step to stop leaks of information. This time the crackdown is at the U.S. Department of Commerce. A new policy there involves economic reports on nine sensitive areas, including data on leading indicators, housing starts and retail sales. The policy allows reporters to continue to see copies of the reports a half-hour before they are released, but the reporters are not allowed to leave a "holding room" or make telephone calls until release time. Previously, this so-called "lock-up" pro- cedure had applied only to one of the re- ports, having to do with merchandise trade. The new policy was adopted in early November. Late in the month, spokesman B. Jay Cooper reported the leaks had dried up. "I can't say that the new rules have completely solved that," he said, "but so far, (there have been) no premature re- leases." Cooper said at the same time it imposed the restrictions on the press, the department limited the number of its own staffers with advance access to the re- ports. Linda S. Stern, economic correspondent for The Journal of Commerce, accused department officials of having a cover themselves' mentality." She said "most of the people over there, from what I under- stand, don't think reporters" are responsi- ble for the leaks. She said the press is being inconvenienced for "no good reas- on." Among the complaints reporters cover- ing the department but working out of a press room elsewhere have is that they cannot bring advance copies to their desks to compose their stories on VDTs. Another problem, reporters say, is that they cannot place calls, even within the department, from the holding room. They have asked that an economist be made available in the room for interviews. ^ News research notes In the first Newspaper Research Journal devoted to a single issue, several reports link newspaper readership to people's sense that it is a civic responsibility to be informed about public affairs. This concept may tell more about newspaper readership than traditional analysis of demographics or the quality of newspapers themselves, conclude the papers assembled by Maxwell E. McCombs, John Ben Snow professor of newspaper research at Syracuse Universi- ty's S.I. Newhouse School of Public Com- munications, and director of the ANPA News Research Center there. In the publication's just-released sum- mer 1983 edition, David Weaver, director of the Bureau of Media Research at the Indiana University School of Journalism, and Virginia Dodge Fielder, director of news and circulation research for Knight- Ridder Newspapers Inc., observe that while city residents read newspapers as a "routine behavior that cuts across different social classes and levels of civic attitude," suburban readership of metropolitan pap- ers is "more dependent upon a stronger need to keep informed." American newspapers have failed to in- form their readers of significant social is- sues underlying the women's movement. Instead, they focused on "controversy, confrontation and sensa- tion," according to a new report by the Women's Studies Program and Policy Center at George Washington University. The project examined 4,566 articles on six "women's issues"-domestic relations, pay equity, discrimination in education, the Equal Rights Amendment, the National Women's Conference and the World Con- ference of the UN Decade for Women. The Associated Press and 10 newspap- ers provided articles for analysis-Arizona Daily Star of Tucson, The Atlanta Journal and Constitution, The Cincinnati Enquirer, Dallas Times Herald, The Denver Post, Detroit Free Press, Los Angeles Times, The Miami Herald, The New York Times and St. Louis Post-Dispatch. Copies of a 24-page summary of the research are available from Mailing List Systems, Inc., 7211 Lockport Place, Lor- ton, Va. 22079, (703) 550-7310. D Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2010/09/02 : CIA-RDP90-00806R000100090002-9 Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2010/09/02 : CIA-RDP90-00806R000100090002-9 essay Learning from the blockade Now is the time for both sides- the government and the press- to reflect on the actions in Grenada. By Jerry W. Friedheim There are delicacies in democracy: institutional interrelationships that do not lend themselves to stubbornness and bluster; facets of the interdependent constitutional whole; custodians of the coexistence comity that cements a free society. That's why everybody shudders---or should shudder- when one constitutional institution indelicately thwarts the functioning of another. As when, for recent example, the executive branch of government unilaterally, deliberately, unnecessarily-even a bit gloatingly- imposed prior restraint on the people's representatives, a free press. The Grenada news blockade. Seemingly a little thing in the midst of a quick, relatively safe military victory and rescue; but a very big little thing in the sweep of constitutional history; a unique, jolting, worrisome rejection Friedheim, a former Missouri newspaperman and now executive vice president and general manager of ANPA, was Pentagon spokesman and then assistant secretary of defense for public affairs in 1969-74. An interview with Friedheim about the Grenada news blackout was published in the Nov. 14 issue of U.S. News & World Report. Copies are available from the ANPA Public Affairs Department, of a thing; the sort of confrontational upheaval that rocks democracy's underpinnings. It's the kind of thing that makes folks want to "sue somebody." But first, sober second thought is required--on all sides if possible. Peace pipes should be smoked; civility sought. Nobody should seek or want "total victory." The checks and balances of our freedom-preserving system must be brought back into balance by citizens of wisdom, historic perspective and future perception. ANPA, ASNE- everybody else on the press side--can play a role in the restoration of reason. What happened we know. Two days-plus of prior restraint on the operation of a free press; two days-plus of exclusively government-controlled news. Prior restraint caused by political and historic anti-press pressures we all recognize. Prior restraint sorely abetted by a lack of planning-indeed a refusal to plan-which closed out government's options to do right and resulted in not only a wrong, but in a largely ineffective wrong. Scores of military and civilian public affairs officers of the government could have worked out ways to provide early free-press access while protecting troop safety and mission security. A very small press pool under voluntarily controlled reporting conditions was the obvious answer. General Eisenhower in World War 11 knew how to do that. General MacArthur in Korea knew how to do that. General Abrams in Vietnam knew how to do that. Today's press corps knows how. Today's combat commanders know how. Why didn't they do it? What were the perceptions that made them forget how and disregard why? It is possible the military services conducted their hasty, attack planning thinking about a very brief, not very big, rescue mission employing a number of commando-type tactics; not the sort of thing reporters have always Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2010/09/02 : CIA-RDP90-00806R000100090002-9 Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2010/09/02 : CIA-RDP90-00806R000100090002-9 essay accompanied initially, but which could be covered eventually. It is possible that White House advisors, focused almost solely on television image-making, adopted the simple, political axiom that there should be no non-governmental reports to the public until the President had an opportunity to make an early, prime-time speech to construct the discussion framework he desired. It is possible the President and secretary of defense really did think they could leave everything up to the generals and admirals. It is possible our press, already concerned about attacks on the Freedom of Information Act and about lie detectors and about lifetime censorship, had visions of lengthy exclusion from a rather big event-perhaps even an invasion-particularly because that's what the Commander-in-Chief called it. It is possible everybody assumed the worst case. And maybe those were right assumptions. Maybe not. And maybe it need not matter so much now either way, because some corrective actions occurred and good intentions were promptly pleaded. Within a week the State Department's delegation at a Paris UNESCO meeting was stating: "From the beginning our plans called for the presence of the media no later than the morning of the second day of action." Forget that there was no plan; only ad hoc scrambling. Now there is talk of planning and of intentions of access. Grenada is behind us; so let's try to look mostly forward. Let all sides close one eye to the past but keep a watchful eye on the future-and talk it out, and agree that there are reasons wise leaders did it differently before and reasons wise leaders will do it right in the future. What reasons? What considerations need apply? Three primarily. ? Military security vs. informed citizenry ? Government credibility with public and Congress ? Public trust in the armed services. Books have been written on these things, but the summaries are: Both sides of the military security/informed citizenry equation are necessary for the result to equal a free society; and both can be satisfied by the cooperation of professional soldiers, professional newsmen and wise national leaders. Neither national imperative need be set aside. In a democracy, the public will support military actions and foreign policies only when it knows about and understands them-and the public gets its information through the news media. Government credibility is constructed painstakingly, day-by-day, throughout a President's term. It comes from candor, professionalism, openness, goodwill, good humor and admitting an occasional misstep. It is enhanced if "no in Barbados, reporters loam from Air Force Capt. Keith Graham (center) who will be in Oct. 29 press pool. comment" is said sometimes. Credibility preserved provides citizen support for difficult government decisions in inevitable crises. Credibility squandered away through dissembling, infighting or pervasive, prolonged secrecy will undermine first the government's ability to act, then the government itself, then the nation. Trust in the armed services also is long abuilding and can be lost in a flash. The uniformed services of a democracy must be a part of, not apart from, their society. Volunteers must believe before they will enlist. Taxpayers must support before they will elect representatives who will back defense programs and appropriations. Civilian leaders must know and respect military leaders before they will entrust them with awesome firepower and with the lives of young servicemen and women. Doubletalk, arrogance and secrecy demolish trust. Do it once quickly and the public shrugs; do it again, or for long, and public/congressional support quickly erodes, soon dies. So each constitutional institution has a stake in doing things right. The press must respect the need for military security because that is right. The military must respect the need of the people to know what their uniformed men and women are doing-and not doing-because that is right. The government must nourish its own credibility and an open society's discourse because that is right. And no institution must seek to bar another from the constitutional playing field-or the entire game of freedom will and. A strong, free country and a strong, free press are inseparable. The goal for us all now must be to make sure the constitutional system rebalances; then everybody wins. Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2010/09/02 : CIA-RDP90-00806R000100090002-9 Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2010/09/02 : CIA-RDP90-00806R000100090002-9 profile John M. McClelland Jr. He wins the admiration of his big-city brethren By C. David Rambo presstime staff writer The setting: a large Northwestern city with two big dailies which together dominate the market. You own a weekly and a twice weekly published in suburban communities within 10 miles of the heart of downtown. Do you dare combine them into a daily that will compete against the a.m. and p.m. metros? John M. McClelland Jr. took such a calcu- lated risk in the Seattle suburb of Bellevue, Wash., and it paid off. His Journal-American daily, started in 1976 through a combination of the Bellevue American and the Kirkland Eastside Journal, has climbed in weekday circulation to 26,312. A Sunday edition started just last year has a circulation of 26,254. McClelland, chairman of the board of the McClelland Newspapers group, says there is a simple reason for the success. It is dedication to the editorial product. "We have one of the biggest editorial staffs for a paper our size in the Northwest, if not the whole country," he says. The Journal-American has 55 editorial employees out of a total staff of 205. It emphasizes local news that The Seattle Times and Seattle Post-Intelligencer cannot provide. In fact, McClelland contends that the financial problems of the P-I-which earlier this year entered into a joint operating agreement with the Times-were due to an "unwillingness to invest in an adequate news staff. In order to sell your product, you've got to have a good product." Above all, he says, that means good writing and editing- something he insists on at all the group's papers: The Daily News of Longview, Wash., The Daily News of Port Angeles, Wash., and half-ownership in The Chronicle and The Sentinel-Mist, a semi- weekly in St. Helens, Ore. The Longview daily won a Pulitzer Prize in 1981 for its coverage of the Mount St. Helens eruption. McClelland has chosen virtually all the top editors for his papers, and he insists that his publishers have strong editorial backgrounds. And he practices what he preaches. For 30 years he wrote a daily, front-page column for the Longview paper, and even today he writes a weekly column for his three Washington state dailies, usually relating to state issues. The daily column is a "family tradition," started by McClelland's father in 1929 and car- ried on today by McClelland's nephew Ted M. Natt, publisher of the Longview paper. Natt is the newly elected president of the Associated Press Managing Editors Association. McClelland says his family-owned group does not have profit margins as high as those reported by some bigger newspaper companies. "We spend more on the news content and as a consequence we make less money.... That's OK because we don't have to please a lot of outside owners." The 68-year-old newspaperman was introduced to the busi- ness by his father, a native Pennsylvanian, who in 1923 moved the family from Rogers, Ark., to Longview where the senior Mc- Clelland was named editor of the News. He later bought the newspaper, then a weekly, and his son expressed a natural interest in it. McClelland first worked as a carrier, then spent summers in the composing room, the pressroom and newsroom-just about everywhere except advertising sales. After receiving a journalism degree from Stanford University in 1937, he worked briefly for California dailies in Santa Ana, Salinas and Sacramento. He says he wanted "to get some experience and prove that I could make it in the newspaper business without working for my father." It was a worthwhile venture, he says, because of the wide variety of experience it pro- vided. At one newspaper, "I did everything. Whoever didn't show up, I'd have to do their job." McClelland went back to Longview in 1939 both to marry and to become the $45-a-week city editor of his family's newspaper, which by then had become a daily. From his base of operations in that lumber city of 31,000, McClelland has gained a national reputation for his journalistic efforts. He served on the board of directors of the Associated Press, as national president of the Society of Professional Journalists, Sigma Delta Chi, and as president of Allied Daily Newspapers, a re- gion association of papers in the Northwest. James B. King, executive editor of The Seattle Times, de- scribes McClelland as "the complete newspaperman his whole life." And although the much smaller Journal-American poses no major threat to the Times, it does present "challenging suburban competition in our primary market," King says. The Journal-American was almost an immediate success, showing a small profit within two or three months, Natt says. Part of the reason is that affluent Bellevue enjoys a natural geographic separation from the central city-Lake Washington-and has enjoyed good growth in the last decade. The Journal-American faces new challenges arising from the Seattle joint operating agreement, which McClelland and other suburban publishers fought, unsuccessfully, all the way to the U.S. Supreme Court. Under the JOA, the evening Times, circula- tion 225,447, and morning P-I, circulation 191,885, combine all operations except editorial. "It's one thing when your two main competitors are fighting each other. But it's something else again when they join forces and turn their guns on you," he says. Despite such weighty business concerns, McClelland has interests that extend well beyond the newspaper business. He is an avid history buff, and he enjoys getting out on Lake Washing- ton in his 42-foot cabin cruiser. Those diversions notwithstanding, he says he has no plans to retire. He and his wife Burdette have a son, John M. McClelland III, who operates a cable television company in the Longview area that the family started in 1965, and a daughter, Genevieve. ^ Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2010/09/02 : CIA-RDP90-00806R000100090002-9 Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2010/09/02 : CIA-RDP90-00806R000100090002-9 education Compatibility cited Local NIE staffs see no threat from USA Today By Carmen C. Clark presstime editorial assistant The nationwide newcomer in the News- paper in Education field, USA Today's Classline, is posing no threat to existing NIE programs, their managers say. Most NIE people believe that USA To- day will find a niche as an in-classroom instructional tool, but-despite some ear- lier-expressed fears to the contrary-they do not think this will happen at the expense of local NIE programs. Officials of Gannett Co. Inc., which owns USA Today, had said when Classline was launched three months ago that it would not threaten local NIE programs [press- time, Sept. 1983, p. 47]. Since September, Classline has ap- proached schools in each of the 20 major markets where USA Today is distributed, informing local education officials about the program. Paul Glancy, USA Today educational services manager, would not comment on the number of school systems where Classline currently is in use. However, he says, the initial reaction has been quite positive. "Teachers have told us they like both USA Today and the local paper. It's a good way to compare news." Classline provides such services as free educational guides, a 40 percent discount on the newsstand price of the paper and workshops for educators. Nevertheless, a half-dozen local NIE of- ficials interviewed by presstime em- phasized that the local paper is the backbone of the concept of using newspa- pers in the classroom. "The whole idea of NIE is to have youngsters use the local newspaper," says Stuart L. Kendall, NIE coordinator for the Milwaukee Journal and Sentinel. In Chicago, Sun-Times Educational Coordinator Julie C. Morris says local news plays a big part in her paper's NIE program, too. Because of that, and also because the Sun-Times' NIE program is so long-established, she has not felt any effects from the Classline project, she says. "Our paper has been around a long time," echos NIE Coordinator Ann W. Ely of the Indianapolis Star and News. She adds: "USA Today cannot compete. I'm confident in our ability to hold our unique position in the educational community. We've cultivated administrators and state department (of education) people, so that our newspaper is part of the fabric of the educational system." "USA Today doesn't tackle the contro- versial local issues," Ely continues. "It can't complain about the quality of local educa- tion or teachers. It's not going to take on the local school board"-the types of is- sues students can relate to in courses like government, civics and history. In addition to having a monopoly on lo- cal news, local NIE programs also enjoy an edge in providing personal services to schools, says Tim Callahan, Florida De- partment of Education NIE coordinator. Local newspapers are able to offer such services as newspaper tours, sending re- porters to the schools and demonstrating through workshops how to use the news- paper. "USA Today supplies teaching guides and newspapers-that's all," says Kathleen T. Haff ee, NIE coordinator of the Pottsville (Pa.) Republican. Milwaukee's Kendall puts it this way: "The Journal and Sentinel are just a local phone call away, no further than 45 min- utes from any of the 650 schools in our area. USA Today cannot provide that serv- ice." Is there room for both the local news- paper and USA Today in a community's NIE program? Yes, according to some lo- cal-program activists. Because USA To- day is more national in perspective, visually attractive and concise, Rita F. Broadway, NIE coordinator at the Courier- Journal and The Louisville Times, believes it will complement the local paper. Kendall of Milwaukee and Callahan of Florida say, however, that USA Today and Classline are perhaps better suited for high school students than younger ones that local programs also reach. "There are some educational applications where USA Today might replace the local paper- such as in social studies and civics classes where the national focus is more useful than just the local focus," Callahan says. Indianapolis' Ely notes that teachers and students alike appreciate USA Today's quick read and colorful graphs and charts. "USA Today is going to sharpen us up," she says. "We may have to step up our NIE promotions. It's been a healthy shot in the arm." 11 Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2010/09/02 : CIA-RDP90-00806R000100090002-9 Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2010/09/02 : CIA-RDP90-00806R000100090002-9 education Curriculum change may limit students' plan for journalism By Margaret Genovese presstime staff writer The move to increase the quality of high school education may mean journalism courses are being crowded out of the schedules of top students, many journal- ism teachers fear. In North Carolina, for example, there is already some evidence that journalism classes are being hurt by the state's new "scholars program." But in Indiana, a con- cession has been made to keep journalism on the list of courses students may take to fulfill more stringent graduation require- ments. Jane B. Kinchloe, publications advisor at Millbrook Senior High School in Raleigh, N.C., says journalism professionals should be concerned about anything that cuts into the attractiveness of journalism classes in the nation's secondary schools. "These high school programs encourage our bright youth to consider careers" in the media, she observes. In her state, the scholars program that was instituted this school year by the state Board of Education recognizes "top-level students" who have "completed a well-bal- anced high school program," according to Thomas G. Houlihan, special assistant for secondary education in the Department of Public Instruction. Recognition comes in the form of a notation on students' tran- scripts and a seal on their diplomas. To receive a normal high school diploma in North Carolina, students must complete 20 course "units," nine of which may be electives like journalism. A unit is equiva- lent to one school year of a one-hour course. To receive recognition as a "scholar," a student must complete 22 course units, and only three or four of those units-de- pending on which of two course outlines is followed-may be electives. Kay D. Phillips, a journalism teacher in Henderson, N.C., says she became aware of the threat to journalism classes when a guidance counselor told her she had shunted several students away from Phil- lips' newspaper course because they wanted to be in the scholars program. She said the number of Vance Senior High School students seeking enrollment in her class dropped from the usual 35 to 21 this year. In its new emphasis on academic excel- lence, North Carolina is reflective of a na- tionwide trend. The Education Commis- sion of the States has identified 20 states that it believes have increased high school graduation requirements. Observers say impetus to the movement can be traced to the April 1983 report titled "A Nation at Risk: The Imperative for Edu- cational Reform." In that report, the Na- tional Commission on Excellence in Edu- cation roundly criticized U.S. education and recommended that state and local high school graduation requirements be strengthened. But at least one state, Indiana, has made an accommodation for journalism courses in its striving for academic excel- lence. Next year, the state will increase the number of courses in English, math and science required for high school gradua- tion, but, as has been the case for several years, journalism courses may be substi- tuted for the required English courses. Despite that concession, Mary I. Ben- edict, associate professor of journaliam at Indiana University, says she is concerned that "very, very important enrichment cour- ses" are being neglected in educators' ea- gerness to go "back to the basics." Benedict, former head of the Secondary Education Division of the Association for Education in Journalism and Mass Com- munication, says students have "very hard choices to make" in their programs. William Clay Parrish, assistant director of research for the National Association of Secondary School Principals, contends that the trend toward increasing the number of required courses is not neces- sarily bad news for electives such as jour- nalism. "This simply will cause a student to re- fine or fine tune the courses that will be most germane for his or her work," he says. "In some cases that will be a journal- ism class, for some students it will be a typing class." n Student papers named winners of top honors Eleven student newspapers have been named winners of the 1983 Pacemaker Awards, jointly sponsored by ANPA Foun- dation, the National Scholastic Press As- sociation and the Associated Collegiate Press. The program recognizes the best in high school and college newspapers through- out the United States. They are judged for best overall content and appearance, with emphasis on excellence in writing, design and coverage. Winners of the high school competition are: ? Orange R, Roseburg (Ore.) High School, Roseburg ? York-Hi, York Community High School, Elmhurst, III. ? The Oracle, West Springfield High School, Springfield, Va. ? Union Street Journal, Cherry Creek High School, Englewood, Colo. ? The Kirkwood Call, Kirkwood (Mo.) High School. Winners of the collegiate competition are: ? The MATC Times, Milwaukee Area Technical College ? The Ranger, San Antonio College ? The Graphic, Pepperdine University, Malibu, Calif. ? The Daily Eastern News, Eastern Illi- nois University, Charleston ? The Maroon, Loyola University, New Orleans ? The Breeze, James Madison Univer- sity, Harrisonburg, Va. In announcing the winners, Donald N. Soldwedel, chairman and president of ANPA Foundation, said, "These newspap- ers have exhibited the highest standards of journalism. The student staffs who pro- duce these publications and the faculty who guide them are to be commended for the excellence of their product. It is heart- ening to know that many of these talented young men and women will some day bring this excellence to the newspaper profession." Soldwedel is president and publisher of Western Newspapers Inc. of Yuma, Ariz. [-1 Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2010/09/02 : CIA-RDP90-00806R000100090002-9 Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2010/09/02 : CIA-RDP90-00806R000100090002-9 education Program will seek to match minority students, J-schools Youth Communication National Center, whose programs enable inner-city high school students to produce newspapers, radio programs and cable TV shows, is taking additional steps to encourage its student journalists-primarily minority members-to consider media careers. The organization has launched a college information program called "Project Tar- get." It is designed to "try and match stu- dents interested in journalism training with journalism schools interested in bringing (in) more minorities," according to Exec- utive Director Craig W. Trygstad. Sixty-one accredited schools and de- partments of journalism in the United States are participating in the program, he said. These schools expressed both an interest in receiving the names of potential students and a willingness to send campus and curriculum information to Youth Com- munication centers around the country. Initially, Project Target is aimed at stu- dents working in Youth Communication programs. Ultimately, Trystad said, it is hoped the project can be expanded to other students. Youth Communication has centers that publish monthly newspapers in Chicago, New York City, and Wilmington, Del. Its center in Oakland, Calif., produces a weekly, 15-minute radio program and a twice-monthly page of youth-oriented news for the Los Angeles Herald Exam- iner. Its center in Philadelphia publishes a newspaper and has produced a pilot pro- gram for cable television. Centers are be- ing developed in Cleveland and Los Angeles. The centers are supported by private sources of funding, such as corporations and foundations. ^ Medill to review reaccreditation decision The dean-designate of the Medill School of Journalism at Northwestern University says he will review with school officials the 1982 decision not to pursue reaccredita- tion for Medill's graduate program. Edward P. Bassett, who will become dean of the Evanston, Ill., school early next year, is a former member of the Accredit- ing Council on Education in Journalism and Mass Communications and served as its vice chairman. In February 1982, Northwestern Univer- sity President Robert H. Strotz withdrew the school's request for reaccreditation of its graduate journalism program while an ACEJMC visiting team was on campus, citing the team's insistence on faculty sal- ary information. Asked whether he would seek reaccre- ditation for the program, Bassett said he would have to "review the entire process" with the university's provost and Strotz. "I don't think there is any hard and fast rule that Northwestern will stay out," said Bas- sett. He noted that the accrediting process itself is undergoing review. "With it, we will do some review within Medill and North- western and see where compatability lies," he said. Bassett is editor of the Statesman-Jour- nal in Salem, Ore. Prior to assuming that post in 1980, he was director of the School of Journalism at the University of Southern California [presstime, Sept. 1980, p. 23]. He also has been dean of the School of Journalism at the University of Kansas and acting chairman of the Department of Jour- nalism at the University of Michigan. ^ Charleston NIE project focuses on the city An innovative Newspaper in Education project developed by the Educational Services Department of the Charleston, S.C., newspapers is teaching students more about that city. The Charleston Project includes 17 learning-center activity folders, 27 historic Charleston location flash cards, a map of the Charleston area and a teacher's guide. The materials are designed to be used in conjunction with current editions of The News and Courier and The Evening Post. The project seeks to improve reading, writing and other skills for elementary through high school level students. ^ L.A. Times unveils new intern program for minorities An internship program and a conference have been added to the list of programs designed to increase minority representa- tion in the newspaper business [press- time, May 1983, p. 43]. Another minority internship program, begun this year, will be repeated in 1984. The Los Angeles Times' new internship program is for minority journalists who have completed their college education and are beginning journalism careers. The first, year-long Minority Editorial Training Program, funded jointly by the Times and its corporate parent The Times Mirror Co., will begin July 1, 1984. Eight interns will be furnished with hous- ing and a weekly stipend of $150. They will receive classroom training, accompany staff reporters on assignments and write their own stories. Deadline for applications is Jan. 15. Another Times Mirror newspaper, Newsday of Long Island, N.Y., will sponsor a Journalism Opportunities Conference for Minorities Feb. 25-26, 1984, at the C.W. Post Center of Long Island University in Brookville, N.Y. The conference will give minority jour- nalism students and beginning journalists an opportunity to attend workshops and to have job interviews with newspapers. According to Sam Ruinsky, Newsday com- munity affairs director, the conference is primarily for students, journalists and newspapers east of the Mississippi. Two similar conferences are held an- nually at the University of Southern Califor- nia and at Howard University in Washington, D.C. The Journalism Opportunities Confer- ence for Minorities at USC, sponsored by the California Chicano News Media Asso- ciation, will be Feb. 10-12; the Howard University School of Communications Conference will be Feb. 16-19. Meanwhile, The Modesto (Calif.) Bee is seeking applicants for its 1984 internship program for minorities. The program, es- tablished last spring, is designed to en- courage minority participation in the newsroom. The newspaper offers four, three-month internships each year. 17 Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2010/09/02 : CIA-RDP90-00806R000100090002-9 Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2010/09/02 : CIA-RDP90-00806R000100090002-9 advertising ABC urged to play `an enhanced role' The need for newspapers to attract more advertising dollars dominated the 1983 annual conference of the Audit Bu- reau of Circulations in Los Angeles. And a report to the conference by a newspaper-business committee chaired by Edward W. Estlow, president and chief executive officer of Scripps-Howard, strongly suggested that the ABC should be playing a more helpful role in attracting that extra advertising. With "advertising leadership" as the theme of the Nov. 8-10 meeting, key speakers representing newspapers and advertisers minced no words in criticizing their host and each other. Allen H. Neuharth, chairman and presi- dent of Gannett Co. Inc., took direct aim at ABC for failing to include the demograph- ics advertisers want in ABC record-keep- ing standards. "Any organization that audits just num- bers of readers or viewers or listeners is out of date," said Neuharth. "Some of us believe," he said, that some ABC leaders "are more concerned about preserving traditions and protecting their own turf than they are about providing in- novative, creative, new appoaches to help the buyers and sellers of advertising in the print media who are buying and selling in new ways." Katharine Graham, chairman of The Washington Post Co., traced positive steps newspa- pers could take to accommo- date new forms of advertising, but warned that "winning the war for dollars is not enough." Newspapers, she said, should be "leaders, not follow- ers," resisting the temptation to "deliver news to the rich" just to attract upscale advertising, or to "cater to the lowest common de- nominator ... to achieve mas- sive circulation gains, as tele- vision, totally dependent on rat- ings, has been forced to do." "I don't believe you can edit with your finger in the wind," said Graham. "Our public trust runs deeper." Two other major speakers, an advertising executive and a major national advertiser, chided the press for failure to support their needs-to build consumer trust in advertising and protect it from gov- ernment regulation. In contrast with the strong words of the speakers, the joint ANPA/Newspaper Ad- vertising Bureau ABC Liaison Committee made public a carefully worded report de- signed to emphasize consensus on sug- gested reforms in ABC policies and procedures [presstime, May 1983, p.48]. The message was clear nonetheless. The boards of both ANPA and NAB agreed that ABC should take "an enhanced role" to assist both newspapers and advertisers with the "dramatically changing marketing concepts" of the 1980s. To implement this, said the committee, the ABC should: ? Review "restrictions" on newspapers' circulation sales, pricing, distribution and promotion practices ? Create different auditing require- ments for newspapers with sophisticated marketing practices and those operating on a simpler level. Newspapers desiring elaborate audits, the committee said, should be prepared to pay for such audits. ? Use more computer technology to perform more sophisticated audits. In separate attachments, the ANPA/NAB committee commented on ABC concerns and gave its views on selected issues. The committee agreed that ABC is not a "promotional" or "advocacy" group for its members, but it said current marketing conditions may require a new statement of ABC's purpose. While the bureau, as a voluntary association, has no power to regulate the business practices of its members, the committee said it should be aware that some of its requirements con- stitute de facto regulation. The report observed that newspapers, half of ABC's membership, have only one quarter of the seats on ABC's board. The ANPA/NAB committee endorsed an ABC task force's proposal to add demo- graphic data by ZIP code on an optional basis. Last year the board decided to make circulation reporting by ZIP code mandatory within three years. Some newspapers favor ZIP code re- porting as a way to attract advertisers, while those with less favorable demo- graphics or lower household penetration fear ZIP code reporting will make them lose out to television, competing papers or other forms of advertising. Conference participants included (from left) ABC Chairman Charles A. Tucker of R.J. Reynolds Tobacco Co., Graham, Edward A. Horri- gan of R.J. Reynolds Industries and Neuharth. The ANPA/NAB committee also endorsed the principle that single-copy sales be incorpo- rated into ZIP code data. The committee did not ad- dress the controversial issue of bulk sales. On coupons, however, the committee opposed "obstacles to the promotion of coupons." Fearful of widespread abuse, or "misredemption" of massive numbers of coupons, advertis- ers have in the past convinced ABC to restrict newspapers from stating the total amount of discounts available in any one issue. The committee's report "represents a starting point for discussion and for continued discussion," said M. David Keil, ABC president and managing director. ^ Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2010/09/02 : CIA-RDP90-00806R000100090002-9 Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2010/09/02 : CIA-RDP90-00806R000100090002-9 advertising Firms seek to compare profiles of newspaper, TV audiences By Marcia Fram presstime staff writer With syndicated studies of newspaper audiences just beginning to be used, ne- gotiations are under way to extend the newly gathered data one step further-by comparing it with nationwide profiles of television viewers. Simmons Market Research Bureau, which together with Scarborough Re- search Corp. surveyed newspaper readers in the top 50 markets, is currently negotiat- ing with Arbitron Ratings Co., which com- piles similar research about television and radio audiences. If an agreement can be reached, it would mark the first time that complete audience profiles of both media were made totally available to each other. Scarborough has also approached Arbi- tron but is not currently in negotiations with the rating company. "In all likelihood, we'll probably just go with Simmons," said Pierre R. Megroz, Arbitron vice-president, TV sales and mar- keting. "I don't see the advantage of hav- ing two suppliers for the same infor- mation." Megroz said a deal with Simmons prob- ably will involve "a limited list of markets, about 14 or 15." He predicted that negotia- tions "will get resolved by the end of the year." The possibility of combining data was first announced by Simmons President Frank Stanton during his Nov. 7 presenta- tion to the Newspaper Research Council at its annual meeting in San Antonio, Texas. Arbitron measures radio and television audiences nationwide. Its Target AID serv- ice can provide advertisers with a detailed description of those audiences by using ClusterPlus, a system which combines census-based demographics compiled by Donnelley Marketing Information Services and product information compiled by Sim- mons. This information is prepared according to ZIP codes, with neighborhoods grouped nationally by common demographics. Us- ing this information, advertisers can then target specific audiences for specific prod- ucts in specific media. Ostensibly, studies done for television by Arbitron had been available to newspa- pers before but at a prohibitive price-at least as much as the television station or network paid Arbitron to do the study. In the top 10 markets, said Megroz, the "typical rate would be around $100,000 a year," with television stations in the largest cities like New York, Chicago or Los An- geles paying as much as "half a million." "That was prohibitive (for newspapers)," said Harold Israel, president of Scarbo- rough, who is hopeful his company will also be able to offer newspaper clients television data. "No newspaper got enough value out of (television studies) to pay that kind of money," he said. Stanton agreed on the cost problem. The intention of the Simmons' firm in nego- tiating with Arbitron, he said, is "to bring the (cost of) the TV data down to a few thousand dollars." On a practical level, agreement between Arbitron and one or both of the firms com- piling newspaper research would simply lower the price so that newspapers could purchase profiles of television audiences. Arbitron could then sell newspaper data to its television clients, and a research firm entering into an agreement with Arbitron could sell television data to newspapers. Negotiations also are under way be- tween Simmons and Arbitron to swap in- formation on newspaper and radio audi- ences. William P. Livek, Arbitron's vice president for radio sales and marketing, said the proposed deal would be for audi- ence information in 16 cities. Reaction to the possibility of obtaining television data has been enthusiastic on the part of the newspaper industry. Television stations have had "more ad- vertising than they deserve," said Arthur E. Wible, chairman of the marketing commit- tee of the International Newspaper Adver- tising and Marketing Executives. "They knew it. We knew it. But we haven't had the tools to prove it," said Wible, executive vice-president and direc- tor of sales at the New York Daily News. "Now we can." Philip E. Stout, marketing services man- ager at The Daily Oklahoman and Okla- homa City Times, and chairman of the joint NRC/INAME task force that initiated the concept of the syndicated research done by Simmons and Scarborough, said com- bining television and newspaper data "will greatly benefit newspapers." NRC President Jack Vernon, research manager at the St. Petersburg Times and Evening Independent, predicted that with the two syndicated research studies, plus comparison with television data, "in the next 10 years, newspapers might emerge as the mass medium." But Stout was skeptical of Arbitron's agreeing to the swap. "Television stations are not going to spend that kind of money because we're going to beat them over the head," said Stout. ^ AAAA endorses expanded SAU system; art clipping services adopt new standards The voluntary, expanded Standard Ad- vertising Unit system to be implemented July 1, 1984, recently received two impor- tant endorsements: ? The American Association of Adver- tising Agencies endorsed the system Nov. 4, stating: "The successful translation of the recommendation into a working plan will be the realization of a goal the AAAA's has worked long to attain: standardization of formats for greater ease in advertising placement. "We believe the achievement of the rec- ommended standard at all newspapers will increase the effectiveness of newspapers as an advertising medium. "We expect all newspapers to accept the plan since the recommended system can work effectively only if all newspapers adopt it." ? Three companies that supply books of art work for use in newspaper advertis- ing will convert their materials to the SAU dimensions [presstime, Sept. 1983, p. 19]. They are Metro Associated Services Inc. of New York City, S.C.W. Inc. of Chatsworth, Calif., and Multi-Ad Services Inc. of Peoria, III. ^ Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2010/09/02 : CIA-RDP90-00806R000100090002-9 Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2010/09/02 : CIA-RDP90-00806R000100090002-9 advertising Syndicated audience research will help in selling national ads Publication of two syndicated studies of newspaper audiences represents a major breakthrough in the newspaper busi- ness' campaign to regain a larger share of national advertising by mak- ing our medium easier for agencies and advertisers to evaluate and buy. In combination with CAN DO, the Craig C. Standen bureau's Computer Analyzed Newspaper Data On-line system, these syndicated studies make available to advertisers and agencies more complete information about the audi- ences of the nation's 1,700 daily newspap- ers-on a national, regional or market-by- market basis-than is provided by any other medium about its audiences. These newspaper data are totally compatible with the available audience data on the other major media. Taken together, the two studies-con- ducted independently in 1982 and 1983 by Simmons Market Research Bureau and Scarborough Research Corp.-add up to one of the most comprehensive audience investigations ever undertaken. The total cost to newspapers was more than $2 million, and approximately 225,000 indivi- dual interviews were involved. In the Scarborough study, telephone in- terviews were conducted with nearly 68,000 adults, and 52,000 of them were interviewed a second time. For the Sim- mons study, telephone interviews were conducted with one adult in more than 57,000 households; nearly 48,000 of them were re-interviewed on a second day. The studies cover much more than reach and frequency and the standard de- mographic classifications such as sex, age, education and income. They also pro- Standen, president of the Newspaper Adver- tising Bureau, is a regular contributor to press- time. vide a wide variety of additional demogra- phic information-for example, kind of dwelling, number of employed people in each household, occupations, cable televi- sion subscribers and principal food shop- pers. The information is available to advertis- ers and agencies in a variety of ways. It comes not only in printed volumes for each market and in summary volumes covering all markets studied, but also via computer terminals (which are widely used in agency media departments today) from four differ- ent media-information services. In other words, advertisers and agen- cies now have the information they need to evaluate and buy newspaper advertising in the same way they evaluate television, magazines and radio-in terms of ADIs, Areas of Dominant Influence, a method of defining markets by their television cover- age, and GRPs, Gross Rating Points, an- other broadcast-originated concept for measuring advertising impressions. We believe this impressive investment in audience data will bring the newspaper business important long-range benefits, such as: ? Making it easier for agencies and ad- vertisers to include newspapers in the early stages of media planning ? Permitting media planners to make direct comparisons between newspapers and the other major consumer media, comparisons which will frequently be very favorable to newspapers ? Allowing media planners to make ra- pid, accurate analyses of any combination of newspapers, from a single market to nationwide ? Eventually, making it virtually impos- sible for an agency or advertiser to ignore newspapers when making a national me- dia plan. These desirable things, however, won't happen by themselves. We in the newspaper business must work hard to change agency media evaluation habits that have developed over decades. To do just that, the Newspaper Advertising Sales Association, the International Newspaper Advertising Marketing Executives and the bureau are cooperating in a nationwide effort to make agencies and advertisers aware of the new completeness of newspapers' audience data and their sig- nificance. The sales campaign, targeted at first at the top 200 national advertisers and their agencies, will be coordinated by NASA and built around a 15-minute sales presen- tation created by the bureau. NASA will establish the target list of advertisers and agencies, assign personnel for each sales call and monitor the calls for follow-up as necessary. These massive, well-executed syndi- cated studies will help give all newspapers increased visibility and credibility among national advertisers and agencies. They have provided us with new selling tools and new opportunities. But we still must do the selling job. ^ August ad spending up 23% over 1982 Advertising expenditures in daily news- papers in August rose 23.2 percent from year-earlier levels to $1.69 billion, accord- ing to estimates by the Newspaper Adver- tising Bureau. Classified and national advertising each climbed 28.6 percent, while retail expendi- tures, the largest newspaper category, were up 19.3 percent. The August figures were $538 million for classified, $194 million for national and $954 million for retail. For the first eight months of 1983, adver- tising was running 16.8-percent above 1982 levels. Classifieds rose the most-23.6 per- cent-followed by retail, 14.8 percent, and national, 11 percent. Expenditures were $3.9 billion, $1.75 billion and $7.3 billion, respectively, for classified, national and retail. The eight-month total was more than $12.9 billion. The 23.2-percent August increase fol- lowed a 32.6-percent jump in July. The bureau's estimates are based on linage data collected from Media Records Inc., state and regional press associations and various newspaper companies and individual newspapers, and on additional rate information gathered routinely from Standard Rate & Data Service and from an annual national survey of newspapers. ^ Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2010/09/02 : CIA-RDP90-00806R000100090002-9 Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2010/09/02 : CIA-RDP90-00806R000100090002-9 advertising circulation Policy statement on deceptive ads rapped in Congress The Federal Trade Commission's re- cently issued policy statement on when it will take action against deceptive advertis- ing has run into criticism from key mem- bers of Congress, but it has garnered sup- port from advertising organizations. The statement, adopted Oct. 14 by the commission on a 3-2 vote and publicly released 10 days later, says the FTC "will find an act or practice deceptive if there is a misrepresentation, omission, or other practice that is likely to mislead the con- sumer acting reasonably in the circum- stances, to the consumer's detriment." The statement was made in response to a request by the House Committee on Energy and Commerce for a report on the commission's enforcement policy against deceptive acts or practices. Among those criticizing the new policy were Commerce Committee Chairman John D. Dingell (D-Mich.), who said Com- mission Chairman James Miller III was "deliberately narrowing" FTC's authority. However, advertising groups said they welcomed the policy statement. American Advertising Federation Presi- dent Howard H. Bell said "anything to clar- ify" the commission's enforcement policy "would be desirable." Several major news- papers are members of the AAF. The American Association of Advertising Agen- cies also supports the policy. It appears the statement will have little if any effect on newspapers' day-to-day pro- cess of screening advertising. "Most news- papers are pretty good about scrutinizing copy that could be interpreted as being deceptive," noted Vance L. Stickell, exec- utive vice president/marketing for the Los Angeles Times and AAF chairman. "We'll be as careful as we always have been," said Robert P. Smith, manager of advertising acceptability for The New York Times. "The FTC does their thing; we here at the Times do ours." However, AAF Senior Vice President Daniel L. Jaffe noted that "anything that impacts on how advertising will be handled by the FTC and responded to by the FTC is a significant matter" for everyone in- volved in advertising. ^ Newspapers try to decipher how tax law affects carriers By Marcia Fram presstime staff writer A year-old tax law may require newspa- pers to report income tax information on some of their independent carriers, begin- ning Jan. 31. The ANPA Legal Department, in consul- tation with private tax attorneys, has con- cluded that some newspapers may be covered by a provision of the Tax Equity and Fiscal Responsibility Act of 1982. Sec- tion 312 of the law requires businesses to report to the Internal Revenue Service the name, address and taxpayer identification number of "direct sellers" purchasing more than $5,000 worth of consumer products in one year for resale [presstime, Feb. 1983, p. 12]. The legislation does not require tax withholding. The law has been the subject of some confusion over the past year, as newspa- pers waited in vain for the IRS to issue regulations stating whether the newspaper industry, with its more than 900,000 car- riers, would be covered. This provision was originally intended to cover what was thought to be a loophole in tax-reporting by door-to-door sellers of products, such as Amway, Avon and Tup- perware. In the absence of IRS guidelines, ANPA attorneys have now concluded that "even though the newspaper business was not a target of the legislation, it is not excluded from its applicability," according to Pamela J. Riley, ANPA assistant general counsel. An IRS spokesman said in mid-No- vember that the agency's guidelines, which will probably be issued in early 1984, may not provide specific answers about carriers. "They won't address certain groups," he said. "It's up to them to see if (the law) applies." According to a 1980 study at the Univer- sity of Missouri School of Journalism, the latest available nationwide survey, more than 90 percent of U.S. daily newspapers are distributed by some arrangement with carriers who are not newspaper-company employees. The vast majority of carriers are youths 18 years old or younger. An increasing number of newspapers are using adults to deliver papers, either as independent car- riers or as agents. There are no nationwide figures on how many carriers distribute over $5,000 worth of newspapers a year. With this in mind, Riley cautions that "because newspaper distribution arrange- ments vary considerably, each paper will have to determine for itself whether its distribution arrangement comes within the specific terms of the 'direct seller' provi- sion." The bill also reaffirms a previous re- quirement for reporting payments of $600 or more per year for services. This provi- sion, said Riley, could also apply to news- paper payments to distributors. But because most newspapers deal with dis- tributors on a buy-sell basis rather than through a service contract, it would proba- bly affect very few newspapers, she said. During the past year, Robert L. Ballow, general counsel for the International Circu- lation Managers Association, advised newspapers to "prepare to assume this additional reporting burden." Although "the direct sales provisions are aimed at . . . door-to-door cosmetic and housewares sellers and flea market booth operators," said Ballow, "the statute has a potentially wider application than may have been originally perceived." As the tax filing deadline approached, newspapers were divided in their response to the law: While waiting for definitive legal advice based on the to-be-issued IRS regulations, Phillip J. Meek, president and publisher of the Fort Worth Star-Telegram, said his "fear" was that "if during this period of un- certainty newspapers start to do it, they may set a precedent when it may turn out not to be necessary." James Luther, circulation manager of The Virginian-Pilot and The Ledger-Star of Norfolk, Va., said his paper was "ap- proach(ing) from the standpoint, 'we're not taking any chances."' "We're gearing up", he said. ^ Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2010/09/02 : CIA-RDP90-00806R000100090002-9 Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2010/09/02 : CIA-RDP90-00806R000100090002-9 employee relations Health-care costs: a growing headache By Clark Newsom presstime labor writer Newspapers and other businesses are still searching for a prescription to bring down the feverishly rising costs of provid- ing health-care protection for their employ- ees. As those costs continue to mount at a level far outpacing the inflation rate, there is no miracle cure insight. However, em- ployers are using a number of palliatives to treat the problem. Some of them are: ? Reducing health-care benefits. The typical benefit change is to raise deduct- ibles so that employees must pay more of initial medical costs before insurance cov- erage kicks in. ? Becoming self-insured. Under such a system, the company pays into a trust ac- count, and that money is used to pay ben- efits on a claim-by-claim basis. ? Sponsoring "wellness" programs that provide information on ways to minimize the risks of illness [presstime, June 1982, p. 34]. ? Inducing employees to "shop around" when they or their dependents select a doctor, hospital or other provider of medi- cal care. ? Encouraging employees to have nec- essary lab tests completed prior to hospi- talization and to have certain routine surgical procedures performed in a doc- tor's office. ? Giving employees the option of join- ing a health maintenance organization, which provides prepaid health care instead of the more customary fee-for-service va- riety. ? Negotiating discounts from doctors and hospital administrators who are willing to grant reduced rates in return for a guar- anteed flow of employee-patients. Newspapers have been in the trenches fighting health expenditure increases for some time now [presstime, Aug. 1982, p. 28], but their efforts and those of other businesses have not produced the desired stabilization in costs. They "are not really leveling off except in pockets around the country," says Willis B. Goldbeck, president of the non-profit, na- tionwide Washington Business Group on Health, which represents the health-policy views of 200 of the country's largest cor- porations. Overall costs of health care are increasing at "three times the rate of infla- tion," according to Goldbeck. For this reason, the Health and Welfare Subcommittee of the ANPA Labor and Personnel Relations Committee has iden- tified health-care "cost containment" as its major concern. The one message that comes through repeatedly in talking to newspaper exec- utives is the need to communicate to em- ployees how they can help control costs. "We feel the education of employees is very important," says Ann Reynolds, bene- fits administration manager of the Press- Telegram of Long Beach, Calif. "We've got to get employees to talk with their doctors about fees." H. Rad Eanes III, vice president/human resources for Harte-Hanks Communica- tions Inc. in San Antonio, says his com- pany is looking for ways to encourage employees to be "smart" in individual deal- ings with health-care providers. But negotiating may not work every- where, benefit specialists note. If there is a shortage of doctors and/or hospital beds, they say you can forget it. Coalitions and HMOs. The hottest new idea in the area of cost containment is the formation of coalitions of employers to ne- gotiate discounts-those of 12 to 15 per- Social Security reminder The maximum Social Security tax paid by employers next year will exceed that paid by employees. From the current maximum of $2,391.90 per employee for employers and employees alike, it will increase in 1984 to $2,646 for employers and $2,532.60 for employees. This is because effective Jan. 1, the F.I.C.A. tax rate for employers will rise to 7 percent, while that for employees will stay at the current 6.7 percent. The wage base subject to the F.I.C.A. tax will expand from $35,700 to $37,800. cent are not uncommon-with doctors, hospitals and insurers. The Miami Herald is among the partici- pants in the pioneering South Florida Health Action Coalition. It has developed a large data base that compares, for exam- ple, the average length of stay in various Miami-Fort Lauderdale area hospitals. Barbara E. Ferranti, the Herald's man- ager of benefits and compensation, says the coalition is working toward establishing an employer-run "preferred provider or- ganization." PPOs encourage employees and their families to go to selected doctors or hospitals because the insurer pays a greater share of the bill for PPO care than for that obtained elsewhere. PPOs differ from that older character on the health-care stage-the health mainte- nance organization, or HMO-in that they do not force the employee to use selected doctors and hospitals to receive health benefits. A lesser form of coalition, in which em- ployers meet to exchange information on controlling health-care costs, also is crop- ping up around the country. Newspapers in Tampa and St. Petersburg, Fla., and in Long Beach and Sacramento, Calif., are part of such coalitions. HMOs, too, are drawing increasing at- tention from newspapers. Dating back to the 1930s, the HMO concept got its big- gest impetus for growth in 1973 when Con- gress passed legislation requiring em- ployers to give employees the option of joining an HMO where one is available in the immediate area. According to their proponents, HMOs provide health care at lower cost because participating physicians are typically sala- ried; they argue that this arrangement is more conducive to keeping patients healthy-and out of the hospital-than the conventional setup in which physician in- comes are based on fees from care and hospitalization. One newspaper where a large number of employees-43 percent of the total- have joined an HMO is The Wichita (Kan.) Eagle-Beacon. James P. Spangler, direc- tor of employee relations for the paper, says that "a great number of Wichita doc- tors participate in the HMO, called 'Health Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2010/09/02 : CIA-RDP90-00806R000100090002-9 Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2010/09/02 : CIA-RDP90-00806R000100090002-9 employee relations Care Plus Inc.,' and in many cases employees have been able to retain the family doctor they had before. We're very pleased with it." Changes in plans. But for most newspapers, efforts to control the costs of providing health protection for their em- ployees have involved changes in the insurance plan they offer. One trend is toward self-in- surance, where an employer- instead of making premium pay- ments to an insurance com- pany-places the money into a fund that pays doctors and hos- pitals for covered employee health care. For example, Lee Enterprises Inc. of Davenport, Iowa, re- cently replaced Blue Cross/Blue Shield coverage with a self-in- Steven M. Davis, a Wichita Eagle-Beacon circulation sales man- ager, gets an explanation of HMO benefits from Lolly M. Appling. surance plan administered by Bankers Life Co. Susan J. Feddersen, Lee's benefits ad- ministrator, says one of the major advan- tages is more control over costs. "We encourage people to shop around (for health care) like they do for other con- sumer products," she says. Lee's employees have a choice of two options with different worker-contribution amounts and different benefit payment lev- els. The Courier-Journal and The Louisville Times have been self-insured since Jan- uary 1982. Claims administration is handled by Self Insured Services Co. "We're satisfied with the flexibility that self-insurance gives us," says Frank J. Bi- lotta, corporate director of personnel. Costs continue to rise-"We're at the mercy of the market," Bilotta says-but he adds that they likely would be rising even more under the old insurance plan. He says the company is now consid- ering additional cost-containment steps. Pregnant employees are being made aware that there are such facilities as "birthing centers" where costs are consid- erably less than a hospital's maternity ward. Emergency-room coverage may be reduced, he says, and deductibles may be raised. Higher deductibles were part of a cost- containment plan implemented this year by The State-Record Co. of Columbia, S.C., which includes two newspapers there as well as one in Myrtle Beach and two in Biloxi, Miss. The new plan held a mid-year premium increase to 14 percent, rather than 24 percent as originally pro- posed by the insurance carrier. The magnitude of the problem of con- trolling spiraling costs is well-documented at The State-Record Co. In 1982, paid claims were 43 percent higher than those the previous year, and over the past five years the company experienced an aver- age annual increase of 31 percent in cost of paid claims. The cost-cutting changes in benefits mean employees will pay more out-of- pocket for health care, says John W. Gor- sage, personnel manager of the Columbia newspapers. On the other hand, he says, premiums will not increase as much as originally projected and benefit payments for surgical coverage will be improved. Besides increasing major-medical de- ductibles from $50 to $150 per plan partici- pant, The State-Record Co. eliminated coverage for the first day's hospital room and board for surgical patients unless cer- tain tests are run before the patient enters the hospital or unless surgery is performed within 24 hours of admission. To encourage outpatient care, the com- pany's policy covers 90 percent of miscel- laneous hospital charges up to $620 for in- hospital care but 100 percent up to $620 for hospital-like care provided in a non-hospital set- ting, such as a so-called "surgi- center" or a doctor's office. In addition, the plan was changed so that the maximum employees must pay out-of- pocket before insurance pays 100 percent of charges was in- creased from $500 to $1,000. Ferranti of The Miami Herald says the trend is away from first-dollar coverage and toward 80-percent copayment cover- age, after the deductible. "First dollar" is a term used by benefit managers to mean that the em- ployee's very first dollar of med- ical expenses is covered for reimbursement, with no deduct- ible requirement. Gannett Co. Inc. came out with a new plan this year that the company expects will save money even though the entire insurance premium is now company-paid. Jacqueline D. Dienstag, corporate manager of employee benefits, says the plan has higher deduct- ibles but offers financial incentives to em- ployees to be concerned about costs. Some examples: ? Home health care, where a nurse comes to the home, is covered 100 per- cent for 40 days. ? Surgery on an outpatient basis is cov- ered 100 percent, rather than 80 percent if performed in the hospital. ? If a second opinion is obtained for 11 stated surgical procedures, there is 100- percent coverage, rather than 50 percent if no second opinion was obtained. The idea is that second opinions sometimes rule out costly procedures that are unnecessary. ? If non-emergency admission to a hospital is made on a Friday or Saturday and no surgery is performed on those days, the coverage is only 50 percent for those two days. ? Treatment in an emergency room for reasons other than an emergency is cov- ered 50 percent rather than 80 percent. ? Cost of generic prescription drugs are covered 100 percent, but brand name pre- scriptions only 80 percent. Other measures taken by Gannett in- clude auditing all hospital bills that exceed $10,000. Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2010/09/02 : CIA-RDP90-00806R000100090002-9 Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2010/09/02 : CIA-RDP90-00806R000100090002-9 employee relations Reynolds of the Long Beach daily says her company orders audits of all bills over $15,000, "primarily the drug and lab charges where a high number of errors are often found." But she cautions that you have to consider "the cost of auditing ver- sus the savings you get." The future. Personnel relations special- ists anticipate that all such cost-con- tainment efforts will have to be accelerated and expanded in years to come. They point to statistics compiled by the Senate Special Committee on Aging showing that unless there is a comprehensive approach to the problem, by the year 2000 annual medical costs will average more than $2,500 (1983 dollars) for every person in the United States. Health care costs for employers are al- ready running at $77 billion a year, accord- ing to several published reports, and Goldbeck of the Washington Business Group on Health says the actual amount "is larger than that. There is no one group that is responsible for adding all the fig- ures." A survey of 305 chief executive officers of large U.S. companies, conducted by the consulting firm William M. Mercer Inc., found that while nearly a third expect em- ployee health benefits will increase over the next five years, a surprising 25 percent anticipate they will be decreased during the period. Currently, medical benefits are being trimmed by one in 10 companies, accord- ing to another survey, this one conducted by A.S. Hansen, benefits consultants. The survey of more than 1,600 firms indicated that employers expect 1984 will be a year for "fundamental changes" in benefit pro- grams. Robert E. Brophy, director of human re- sources for Scripps-Howard Newspapers and chairman of the ANPA Subcommittee on Health and Welfare, says that in the future, deductibles may be indexed to wage scales-for example, 1 percent of pay. Under this plan an employee earning $26,000 would have an annual deductible of $260 before benefits began; a coworker earning $31,000 would have a deductible of $310. "I see self-funding of employee benefits as one of the ways to control costs," Bro- phy says. "Some people are saying the day is going to come when we go back to offering a schedule of benefits (specified payment amounts for specific proce- dures)." Bilotta of the Louisville newspapers pre- dicts there may be another fundamental change in the health-care picture of the future. "On the horizon," he says, "I see hospitals becoming more competitive and offering packages" of services to employ- ers. ^ Some Guild units disavow sanction of Mondale bid The Newspaper Guild's endorsement of former Vice President Walter F. Mondale for President in the 1984 election has been repudiated by some of the union's 32,000 members. Guild President Charles A. Perlik Jr. cast the union's votes in favor of the AFL- CIO's pre-primary endorsement of Mon- dale without a poll of the membership [presstime, Nov. 1983, p. 46]. The Wire Service Guild of New York City, which represents about 2,230 work- ers at the Associated Press and United Press International, has dissociated itself from the endorsement. The Wire Service Guild's six-member executive committee voted unanimously to disavow the en- dorsement based on the local's standing policy against supporting political candi- dates. Four other groups have done likewise- The Washington Post unit, representing about 1,350 employees; the Lynn (Mass.) Daily Evening Item local, about 30 employ- ees; the unit at The New York Times, rep- resenting about 2,000 employees; and the Times' Washington Bureau unit, which has about 35 members. ^ Binge) apparent loser in bid for re-election Robert S. McMichen, incumbent first vice president of the International Typo- graphical Union, was the apparent winner in the union's Nov. 16 election for presi- dent and other international officers. The defeat of Joe Bingel would mark the first election since 1944 in which an incum- bent ITU president was defeated in his bid for another term [presstime, Nov. 1983, p. 44]. Bingel, 74, was elected president in 1978 and re-elected in 1980. He was seek- ing another three-year term. McMichen was leading by a 58-percent margin in late November, according to a preliminary, unofficial count of the returns from more than half of the nearly 500 lo- cals. The official tabulation of ballots was scheduled to begin Nov. 30. It appeared that Robert L. Wartinger was re-elected a vice president and that Thomas W. Kopeck was re-elected secre- tary-treasurer for three-year terms begin- ning Jan 1. Allan J. Heritage, who was unopposed, will become first vice presi- dent. The race between Raymond E. Brown and William J. Boarman for a vice presidential seat was too close to call at press time. Before the election, the ITU's five-man executive council accepted a Bingel rec- ommendation that a special weekend con- vention be held shortly after Jan. 1 to con- sider a document for merger with the Teamsters. "If they go ahead with that convention, they are not listening to the membership," said Bertram A. Powers, president of the ITU's largest local in New York City. Pow- ers said the principal reason for Bingel's apparent defeat was membership reaction against a Teamsters merger without ad- equate consideration being given to a merger with the Graphic Communications International Union. Another reason, he said, was that the ITU's 27,000 pensioners "felt Bingel wasn't paying enough attention to them." Powers is in favor of a merger with the GCIU rather than the Teamsters and supported McMi- chen. In San Francisco, Leon Olson, president of Bay Area Typographical Union No. 21, said that McMichen's election "will slow down, if not halt, the move toward a merger with the Teamsters." Olson said his concern is that a continuation of a split executive council "may make it difficult to move in any direction. I hope he (McMi- chen) does move toward the GCIU." [ 1 Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2010/09/02 : CIA-RDP90-00806R000100090002-9 Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2010/09/02 : CIA-RDP90-00806R000100090002-9 employee relations Publication continued Guild strike at Toronto Star ends with two-year agreement More than 1,000 striking employees of The Toronto Star failed to stop Canada's largest daily from publishing during a four- day strike by the Southern Ontario News- paper Guild. The union represents about 1,430 ad- vertising, business office, editorial and cir- culation workers at the Star. About 150 Guild members crossed the union's picket line, which was set up Oct. 26. Pressmen represented by the Graphic Communications International Union also crossed the line after they were assured by the company and the Guild that negotia- tions would continue during the strike. Non-union composing room employees reported for work as well. A tentative agreement reached Oct. 29 was ratified by the union's members Oct. 30. The new two-year contract, retroactive to Aug. 1, 1983, provides for a 9-percent wage increase the first year and a 7-per- cent increase the second year. The in- creases are capped at a maximum of $50.94 a week in the first year and $43.19 Newspaper delivery truck rolls through Guild picket line at the Star building. in the second. During the last day of negotiations, the union was prepared to accept 9 and 7 percent over two years, but it wanted no cap. The company agreed to raise the caps from $48.13 in the first year and from $40.80 in the second, but only if this action resulted in an agreement. The union's bargaining committee sub- sequently decided to recommend accep- tance to the full membership. A clause dealing with layoffs, which the company wished to eliminate, was contin- ued in the new agreement, but the com- pany and union exchanged letters, to be appended to the contract, limiting the scope of arbitration hearings on layoffs. The new agreement had not been for- mally signed by the parties in late No- vember. The delay stemmed from a dis- pute over alleged violations of a Nov. 1 "no recrimination" agreement between the company and union. In that agreement, both sides pledged they would take no legal or disciplinary action against employ- ees in connection with their conduct during the strike. A Guild publication issued Nov. 4 con- tained a story with a headline stating "Scabs will get the silent treatment." The story quoted the union's executive officer as saying that union members "who crossed our picket lines" should be "sent to Coventry" (ostracized). The story stated: "This means freeze them out, don't talk to them, and make their lives as miserable as you can." Members at the Guild ratification meet- ing voted to set up a "committee of recon- ciliation for repentant scabs" to provide a "way back from Coventry." The Star responded with a Nov. 8 letter from President David R. Jolley to John T. Bryant, the Guild local's executive officer, advising that the statements reported in the union's post-strike tabloid violated the Nov. 1 "no reprisals" agreement. Jolley said the Star "will take whatever actions lie within its power to protect its employees from this kind of vicious reac- tion and to guarantee their legal and con- stitutional rights." He said the Star would delay the institution of any proceedings until Nov. 16 to permit Bryant "an opportu- nity to rescind your directive and take other steps ... to ensure our employees are not ... harassed or discriminated against." On Nov. 15, Guild officials assured the Star that no reprisals would be taken. They said the union would publish in its official publication a "correction" that would "clari- fy" its position with respect to members who crossed the picket line. ^ Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2010/09/02 : CIA-RDP90-00806R000100090002-9 Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2010/09/02 : CIA-RDP90-00806R000100090002-9 employee relations ITU strike in Ontario passes first-year mark The International Typographical Union looks like the loser in the only active labor dispute at a Canadian newspaper. The ITU took on The Evening Tribune, the only daily newspaper in the small, blue-collar city of Welland, Ontario. The Tribune is part of the Thomson Newspap- ers Ltd. group, which owns 120 daily newspapers in North America, most of them in small cities and many non- unionized. The union successfully organized the front shop-editorial, advertising, circula- tion and business office-over the winter of 1981-82. Trouble arose over the first contract, and talks soon ground to a halt over wages, union security and benefits. After six months of bargaining, conciliation and mediation, the situation erupted Oct. 6, 1982, into what management calls a strike but the union insists is a lockout [presstime, Aug. 1983, p. 29]. The ITU, once a craft union concerned with the back shop of newspapers, has branched out into the front shop, trying to bolster its sagging membership with white- collar workers. Once on the street in Welland, union members mounted mass pickets and a city-wide boycott campaign with the help of local labor in the solidly unionized town. After missing a few days at the start of the dispute, the Tribune resumed daily publication. Management personnel and workers from other Thomson papers crossed picket lines to publish the paper. With outside workers and independent distributors trying to drive through angry pickets, tempers flared. Charges of vio- lence, intimidation and trespassing were exchanged. Workers on both sides were charged with minor offenses. A car belong- ing to a non-union Tribune worker myste- riously caught fire and burned, an incident still under investigation by police. Now, just over a year from the start of the dispute, the scene along Welland's East Main Street is quieter, but the conflict remains. Mass pickets are infrequent, all the charges have been dismissed and new Ross is resources coordinator at the Carleton University School of Journalism in Ottawa. workers have been hired by the Tribune to replace the 36 ITU members still off the job. Three of the original 40 people have since broken ranks to return to the Tribune while one has found a new job. But the men and women of ITU Local 927 haven't given up. Not far down East Main Street from the Tribune's offices, they publish their own flashy tabloid, The Guardian Express, twice a week. First published Nov. 3, 1982, to put pressure on Tribune management by cutting into the daily's advertising, the Guardian now looks like it may be part of the Welland newspaper scene for a long time. Tribune Publisher John Van Kooten says he's not worried by the competition. While Audit Bureau of Circulations figures for the six months ending Sept. 30 show Tribune daily paid circulation down to 16,112 from 18,585 before the dispute, Van Kooten says the Tribune is "a very healthy paper." He says the paper's re- cently launched "bingo" promotion netted "just over 1,200 new starts" in about 10 days. Since the beginning of the promo- tion, he says, "our linage and ad counts are both significantly over what we had last year at this time, before the strike." Down the street at the storefront office of The Guardian Express, Ted Thurston, a former district editor of the Tribune, says there's no doubt the Guardian is hurting Upstate Now York y hit by e ? str k , A one- trik+e .a inst?"h ? r- HeMid, of I r , N.Y., :NOV. Fulton County Ty cat "On r No. M. . ' t 7,77 '1 , struck? over a renewal contract the nterrf 004n IftWel r t en t for the pro" pressmen had voted earlier this yWir 10"be represented by the union [pz sttme, Aug. t3; p. 27]. In vo*V to end walkout, union's members erd the company's wa" offer end,withdrew unfair part cttthe unit had filed vilth"the'NILRB. Ttw, nevi p. ? ?pt l tion during the strike, which than Nov. 3. the Tribune, but he acknowledges the tab- loid hasn't won the overall battle for the union. He says the union still considers the situation to be a labor dispute and is ready and willing to negotiate. But with talks deadlocked, Thurston adds, union members are beginning to look beyond a contract with the Tribune. ITU organizer David Esposti says the union will keep the Guardian going and, if no contract can be won, find a buyer for it. The ITU has already sunk about $100,000 into secondhand typesetting equipment for the Guardian. It also pays each member of the tabloid's staff "lockout pay"-half their Tribune wages. Thurston says the Guardian has become so profit- able it has begun giving each worker a small amount of money to supplement the ITU strike allowance. The next step for the tabloid may be to publish three days a week, he says. How this dispute reached its current im- passe is obscured by controversy and an- ger. Publisher Van Kooten blames the difficulties on a handful of disgruntled em- ployees. "The entire dispute could have been settled long ago," he says, "if it weren't for the personal bitterness of Ted Thurston and a clique of 12 or so people around him." He claims many of the work- ers would return to the Tribune but are "afraid" to. However, other Guardian staffers, in- cluding those cool to the ITU's conduct of negotiations, scoff at the notion that Thurston or anyone manipulated or misled them. Where this dispute goes from here is open to question. Van Kooten says the Guardian could be around for years. He clearly expects the Tribune to be around as well. He says advertisers who tried out the Guardian are returning because "they know we have the readership." For Thurston and the others at the Guardian, digging in and holding on seem to be the only options. "We've got that message out loud and clear to our people," Thurston says-"dig in for the long haul and make this as prosperous as you can because it's the only hope you've got." For newspaper readers in Welland, it's been an exciting year. The excitement may continue for some time to come. ^ Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2010/09/02 : CIA-RDP90-00806R000100090002-9 Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2010/09/02 : CIA-RDP90-00806R000100090002-9 employee relations Arbitrator rules false VDT entries warrant discipline An arbitrator has upheld the one-week disciplinary suspension of a classified ad- vertising telephone sales representative at The Washington Post for entering false data into a video display terminal. Ads entered into the computer system and then killed by the grievant gave her credit toward an incentive performance bo- nus. The matter was brought to the atten- tion of management by a fellow employee in the department. After an investigation, during which the grievant could not explain how the entries were made, she was suspended. The Washington-Baltimore Newspaper Guild contended that the company's evi- dence was entirely circumstantial. How- ever, Arbitrator Ira F. Jaffe found the grievant's denial of any recall regarding the transactions was "not credible," and he said the Post was justified in concluding that she was motivated by a desire to im- prove artificially her productivity figures to earn incentive compensation. "The offense of entry of false data for any purpose is a serious one which justi- fies strong disciplinary action," he said. ^ Montana's top court finds deliverer was employee The Billings (Mont.) Gazette, its cor- porate parent Lee Enterprises Inc. and its insurance company have been found lia- ble for workers' compensation benefits to a woman for injuries she received in an auto- mobile accident after completing delivery of newspapers. The woman was driving a car that be- longed to a male friend who had a delivery contract with the newspaper. The Montana Supreme Court ruled 4 to 3 that she was an employee of her friend and that he was an employee of the Gazette rather than an independent contractor. Earlier this year, in another case involv- ing an automobile accident, a U.S. District Court ruled that The Jackson (Tenn.) Sun could not be held liable for damages for the alleged negligence of a delivery-route carrier. The court held that the carrier was an independent contractor [presstime, May 1983, p. 55]. ^ Hearing ordered in bargaining dispute The National Labor Relations Board has p. 30]. scheduled a Jan. 26 hearing before an The dispute is over the company's insis- administrative law judge on a complaint tence on continuation of a contract clause alleging that The Blade of Toledo unlaw- giving it the unilateral right to offer early fully bargained to an impasse on a non- retirement incentives to individual compos- mandatory subject of bargaining. ing room employees. The NLRB regional director in Cleve- Levine upheld the newspaper by ruling land, Bernard Levine, had refused to issue that the matter was a mandatory subject a complaint after Typographical Union No. that could be bargained to an impasse, but 63 filed charges with the agency. The the NLRB's appeals section decided there union appealed his decision to the NLRB's are issues in the case that warrant a fur- office of appeals [presstime, June 1983, ther hearing. ^ Judge dismisses lawsuit over conflict of interest A discharged reporter's $1.5-million law- suit against The Leaf-Chronicle of Clarksville, Tenn., has been dismissed in Montgomery County Circuit Court. Robert S. Dollar was fired after he ap- plied for the job of Clarksville chief of po- lice. After he announced his plans to apply for the job, he was advised that seeking it was a conflict of interest with his job as a reporter [presstime, July 1981, p. 51 ]. Judge Thomas Boyers III ruled that Dol- lar was subject to being "employed and dismissed at will" because he was working without a contract. Dollar is appealing to the Tennessee Court of Appeals. ^ Additional arbitration awards Columbus (Ohio) Dispatch, Guild: Fred Witney set forth guidelines for the determi- nation of work that can be performed by non-union circulation district managers without infringing upon the union's jurisdiction. Detroit Free Press, Teamsters: Richard Mittenthal found the company was not prohibited by the labor agreement from charging circulation employees for the cost of changing locks and issuing replacement keys for those they had lost. Kamloops (British Columbia) Sentinel, ITU: H. Allan Hope sustained the layoff of a journeyman printer after finding he lacked the requisite skills to replace an employee with less seniority. Minneapolis Star and Tribune, Guild: Thomas P. Gallagher upheld management's right to change unilaterally the work schedule of circulation district managers. Monessen (Pa.) Valley Independent, Guild: Hillard Kreimer held that the newspaper did not violate the labor agreement by making certain changes in work assignments in the advertising department. Norristown (Pa.) Times Herald, ITU: Walter H. Powell ruled that the newspaper did not violate an agreement with its mailers when it began a bundle-drop system of delivery to carriers. Terre Haute (Ind.) Tribune-Star, Guild: Charles F. Ipavec converted to a 13-month disciplinary suspension and demotion the discharge of a striking sports editor who used press credentials to attend a basketball tournament. (Full texts available from the ANPA Labor and Personnel Relations Department at The Newspaper Center.) voted 19-4 Y? e +:,vC' +1~: k c Y A +., a Noi 39 v V a ' 140815) W25 1,R0 0, 0~1i4l