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Document Creation Date: 
December 22, 2016
Document Release Date: 
June 29, 2010
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Publication Date: 
January 26, 1986
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STAT Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2010/06/29: CIA-RDP90-00806R000200850001-5 AKRON BtACON JOURNAL (OH) 26 January 1986 Earlier this month, Nadav Safran, a jests were Harvard government professor, resigned ties, medical facilities and penal as director of the Center for Middle institutiops, The CIA's Informa- Eastern Studies-fs' tailing to disclose tion and Privacy Division said that the CIA sponsored a corderence the two of those projects, numbered center organized on Islam and politics. 96 and 101; were conducted at That -s onsorshi dr w l Min- ootr pursue--in f s By Patrick t1N- : . 1Mas Jwu" a* To his frlendsand Alexander Itft was a. sc and a He is considered among- Ohio State Unversity's top sii psychology scha1ars. in this century, and his psrs$ialf y thee- along' Sigmund Freud, Car! Jung and David Hume. His thinking and work are a land- marR. Todsyq his pa- pers are housed in archives named for him at the. University of Nebraska. p p e attertt on in Eu- Ohio State. rope, Asir and the Middle East as The most information was re- well as America. leased on subproject 96. Called A A d l n . ast week, the CIA told the New-York Times it had re-estab. lished ties with universities and is, receiving data from an increasing number of professors; The project done at Ohio State 25 years ago was part of a pro. gram code-named MKULTRA - pronounced M.R. Ultr&. It was' the CIA's main research program into the development of chemical and biological agents from 1953 to the mid-1960s. Approved by former CIA Director Allen Dulles,. the project searched for ways to develop chemical and biological agents to be used in "clandestine operations to control humap be. havior," according to Congres- sional documents. In August 1977, when CIA Dl, rector Stansfield Turner released a ream of documents on MKULTRA to Congress, the pro- gram triggered worldwide out- rage. That same month, Ohio State officials announced it was one of 80 U.S. institutions Involved, al- though the CIA would not identify the researchers. But before the public learned about MKULTRA, it was a well- kept secret even within the CIA - so sensitive it wasn't men- tioned ' a secret 1968 CIA study of the agency's relationship with the academic community. The extent of the research re- mains unknown since a CIA offi- cial ordered most MKULTRA records destroyed in January 1973. Yet some research - in- cluding ones done by Ohio State professors - had been saved. Many universities do not view CIA-funded scholarly research as taboo, but in almost all cases they require funding by intelli- gence sources to be disclosed to the university. It isn't clear whether anyone at Ohio State knew Kelly received a CIA grant. The research projects MKULTRA was an umbrella under which 149 known subpro. Study of the Current Decision Matrices.of (deleted) Scholars, it was Proposed by an Ohio State Psychology professor July 18, 1959. The project records, consisting of 30 pages of correspondence, a Proposal, receipts and invoices, Provide a classic illustration of how the CIA secretly arranged to have scholars do research. The Proposal said the project's Purpose was to search for a new theory to explain how people reach decisions: "Traditionally psychologists have approached the problem of understanding human behavior by attempting to seek out the mo. tives or forces which seem to im- pel Persons willy-nilly along par- ticular lines of action. . But there is another approach," the proposal said. As an alternative, the research. er proposed using a new theory called psychology of personal constructs - patterns p Fceived by individuals that are used to explain the realities encountered in life. The researcher sought to dis- cover how a college professor could be inclined to change his personal constructs and hence his position on an issue. The re- searcher assumed any person can be forced to change his position, so "it becomes important to find out what alternatives are availa. ble to him when he must make new choices." "The firmness of his stand may be reassuring, providing he is never dislodged from it," the pro- posal said. "But the question is, what direction will he jump if he can no longer stand where he is standing?" According to the records, the professor's wife accompanied him and helped collect data. According to a CIA memo dat- ed July 22, 1959, the project had two main goals: 1) to apply the Kelly ' Those who knew him generously season their comments with glowing adjectives, calling him: honest, ethical, brilliant, patriotic, in- sightful, Renaissance man. But there is one trivia item many did not know: The proposal for Kelly's 1960- 61 sabbatical research project spon- sored by the now-defunct Human Ecolo- gy Fund ended up in the CIA's records that document Ohio State's participation, in the agency's decade-bong-,search for ways to control the hlr* mind. This discovery and , made by the Beacon Journal tievugh the federal Freedom of Informatiast Act, links an Ohio State faculty member Jbr the first time to one of the CIA's most bizarre and controversial bits of once-secret re- search. In addition, the circumstances pro- vide a view of the CIA's secret dealings with the academic community, a vola- tile issue on campuses during the stu- dent unrest of the 1960s and an issue that has re-emerged as a source of con- cern among many in the academic com- munity today. . Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2010/06/29: CIA-RDP90-00806R000200850001-5