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December 22, 2016
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August 25, 2010
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October 9, 1977
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Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2010/08/25: CIA-RDP90-00806R000201140119-2 THE NEW YORK TIMES,?SUNDAY OCTOBER 9. 1977 pa-gist. Sense of Iniury ''d feel that I've been done an injury, ,personally, by the C.I.A.," said Dr. Antho- ny -J. Wiener, who in 1937 received a- $12,000 grant from the Society for the Invest gation of Human Ecology. At ;hat t'me Dr. Wiener was a guest at the alas- sachusetts Institute of Technolo?y's Cen- ter for International Studies; wi -Herman Kahn, he later wrote th "The Year 2000." - - . "I would not have lent myself' - kind of deception, and I don't thir should have practiced any sort of tion on me," Dr. Wiener said. When he first heard about the s Dr. Wiener said, he was looki: money with which to continue a of the social role of Soviet scii Twenty years later he learned tl' C.I.A. hoped to find out "what can be developed in spotting and ing such persons as potential agt cruits" from his study. - "They made no attempt to poi in that direction," Dr. Wiener said I never gave them any material for fying potential defectors. That was interest at all." 7 Projects at Stanford "We've been made guinea pigs, said Robert Freelen, director of g ment relations at Stanford, which , .tingly lent its name to seven C.I. search projects. These ranged from vey of the literature on human groups to a project that simply chaff money to a psychiatrist, a . meml ,the Stanford clinical faculty, who ii paid for such enterprises as a stir, the ways in which criminals gave to the unsuspecting.. -_ The Stanford -projects were fin 'either through foundations or ti payments made directly to clinical I members, thus bypassing the univ Mr. Freelen said he was not sur the university could guard again: .in the future,"Obviously there's'.E to how much investigation you ca on the sources of funds and their credibil- ity," he said. "If they lie and you believe, I don't know how that problem- gets solved." - .: . , - L Stanford has been making public every piece of information it can gather about its past involvement with the C.I.A.'s mind control research.. It,was the first= institution with any major. involvement'- in the program: to do so, although' the University of Denver; which hosted a small experiment -in, hypnosis. tracked down those details with vigor and made! them public several weeks ago. ~.~ University Work=for C.I.44.. - 'Extentof* By 30 THOMAS ' special T W Thr New York Times -Despite d to Pin WASHINGTON, Oct. 8pite three (fdays of Congressional hearings, no one yet knows the degree to which some of the nation's most prominent universities were. compromised in the Central Intelli- gence Agency's secret mind-control re- search in the 1950's and 1960's. ? Adm. Stansfield Turner, the Director it of Central Intelligence, said in Congres- sional 'testimony last August that the C.I.A. covertly sponsored research at 80 institutions. including 44 ? colleges and universities,. from 1953 to 1963. The re- search, was part of the project code-. named MK-ULTRA, which sought to con- trol human behavior through such means as hypnosis, drugs and brainwashing. The .. Senate Health Subcommittee, which Wanted to hear the academicians'; reaction, quietly invited the presidents: ,of 20'institutions to testify at its hearings! J Sept' 20 and 21. Only one president ac- I cepted; he was not scheduled to. testify jbecause all the others declined, explain- ing that they had previous engagements. The list of the 80 institutions given to Senate investigators is still classified, but each of those institutions has been notified separately by the-C.I.A. that in some way, knowingly or unknowingly. it played host to C.I.A. research, and 26 colleges and universities have acknowl- edged this publicly. ' -- - ' - Research Vaiied Inquiries at these institutions disclosed that C.I.A. research on campus varied from innocuous sociological surveys to tests aimed at finding better ways to ad- minister drugs to unsuspecting subjects. ;The attitudes of current administrators likewise ran the gamut from outrage to indifference.' 7 -+ The passage of time, more than 20 years 'in some cases; the C.I.A.'s secretiveness during the project and the fragmentary nature of the records the C.I.A. has made available to universities have combined, in most-cases, to make a reconstruction of what happened difficult or impossible. At many universities, money for these projects- was channeled through founda- tions so that neither the university nor the professor doing the research knew the true sponsor or purpose of the work. Sociological, cultural and anthropological studies were financed through the Society for the Investigation of Human Ecology, based at Cornell University. Biochemical and medical research was often financed through the Geschickter Fund for Medical Research Inc., headed by. Dr. Charles Ges- chickter.. a ..Georgetown University:- Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2010/08/25: CIA-RDP90-00806R000201140119-2