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December 22, 2016
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September 1, 2010
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June 22, 1980
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Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2010/09/01 : CIA-RDP90-00806R000201150066-0 MILWAUKEE; JC'TRi'1-A L 22 June 1980 -~:rr.~.*!,a-9+e~?-r~~~~srn-:rx~Yt -~.~:~s~-~rr~ra-, -Universitly of Wisconsin sclentis 1959 and 1962?;, one invoivi, g in s - an dise i ...,. .,.,,.... .. .... aa oi _-test ins =human behavior t at 'ver , secretly underwritten - by the.-CIA according to documents obtained- b ' In one 'project;- volunteers* --were .in .personality-'. Half the?_volunteer underwent;psychotherapy.'and were tested for personalitychanges ._. =The documents. indicate that .the CIA used the special expertise of the university in evaluating behavior modification techniques: and in: un- derutanding.L`te'disease process. they were-worTcing and the objects of znects, but th&:ClA sponsorship-may .have.been kepi from.,theuniversitY;: administrat.ort.,., At least one and: probably.bQth of" -the-'projects apparently ere'fI-'. nanced through.arCinnocent-appear lag organization that. was used to: rr-^nPl J ~`under=thefederalFre:edom of Information .Act : for- iiiforrnacion-' about CIA involve :meat ? wirh _UW..Deleted - from==them.-'are 'tine' names.; of.those involved _'aud._.the the experiments.wereconducted: protect '-:*for which- $4,160 was = -`allocated' for thepenod_July-J,? :1961, to `Dec. '3.1, 1.962'--sought to determine: the difference; if any, between strains. of a disease-causing : bacteria- as: they affect :animals and humans: The research design called for bacter- iologists to- study 'staphylococci bacteria. btairied?from boils in humans, mastitis in' cows,. arthritis -in=-chickens--and-bladder infectionsin-mink: -The other project -- for which $8,750- in,CIA.: money was authorized on Aug..11, ,1859. =:.studied' personality `changes in normal.pefsops `and in schizophrenics, 24 ? persons altogether,: during at. least' six months of psychotherapy. The reasons. for the CIA interest?in The documents on the -psychotherap such basic research is a matter of specula- -study. ? include a* similar .internal-- CL tion . The. documents offer only' cryptic :memo. This one is more explicit about th clues.: = covert - nature of the study:'-The project' The- projects were par. of a series of purpose, it says, is to "provide a rnechz -What were--called Mil-ULTRA expert- nism for evaluating certain techniques"c ments.that_were.conducted:in-the -_1950s :influencing human behavior. that ma wand early l960s" , have agency significance" As has been gradualy learned in recent =. The memo calls the $8,750 grant sup 'years,. IK-Ui:TRAwfas-the-code- name: plemental" and says CIA support "wil -for 149 human-behavior experiments that make. it possible to have continued fre, included giving mird altering drugs such- access to the project and, when applica asLSLYto unsuspecting human subjects. - ble,'use the facility for consultation ant TheMY1K-ULTRA experments and simi- support:" ~?-- ". Iar projects have sincebeen-repudiated by The memo says 'the project T.1K. :the CIA as inappropriate-ia that the test- ULTRA Subproject 97 -- was finances ing was done on subjects kept in the dark through an unnamed agency "for security 'a bout key elemtf thid" ens oeresearct an cover purposes. ... A CIA spokesman told-the Iouraai that. reference -to the e Soc ci.... y. ri nay rety for the e In v vesti oa _ The MK-ULTRA-experiments "continue to Lion of Human Ecology Inc, a foundation .-present a problem for ustr?that, when we' that issued grants to universities withou' thinlc:we've:-turned up all, the' records, .. .,some snore turn u identifying the CIA' as the-soutt?e a,.thi up." funds He said many of the experiments now" -.;-The memo- suggests-t -at.iJW official: appear to have been misconceived, but he .Were unawareof CIA involvement wher_ .added-by way of explanatio;r: it says: .;*.'It's impossible to re-create the climate -..-"Prof-- [name ' withheld) hokis.a covers of the Cold War perigd agency- clearance and is witti v o n os n . s ebacteria studymay'have been of sorshiprall. others areunwittina'.'= =, ?:' tom. ;:interest to the CIA for its possible appli- goth.eYperiinents'have the.lookof le: cations to biological' warfare:: A specific -'gitimate research' such 'as min tb fi e - aim of the project; according to one docu-'' = nanced: by any; scientific foundation and 'ment,,was to - determine -whether . the ' writtemup for later ublicatio i s i p n n a- c en- ~strainof staphylococcus that. causes-ins tific journal. =strain that affects dogs: Referring to?the,bacterial study, a CIA memo- of Dec.' 22;.=1959; calls. the- work; termed MK-ULTRA -Subproject;-105x--`an `-important% fundamental investigation which can- lead to an increased under- standing of the process of pathogenesis [the production or development of a di- sease] ." - Researcher was cleared Thy-'s2aine%o1=-=all=paYi~s=involved=aFa-- purged. from the- memo, but, it. includes this cryptic note: "Dr.. [name crossed - out] is cleared through SECRET and is aware of the true; purpose of the program." - A ' document signed more than two months later consists of a grantproposal,: but.much of the information 'has been- .crossed out. It.may have been written by., the researcher, at the CIA's suggestion, to :a foundation through which CIA,money' was passed. Thus, it could have been pos- .sible for the CIA to conceal its role from 'The design of the study suggestsa le- gitimate research interest in the effects of psychotherapy on acute and chronic schizophrenics. -It_is'?unclear? from the _proposal,.howeverr_whyit.was necessary, other than to create a control group, that well-adjusted, normal-, people' were to undergo psychotherapy. - - : ' ;?An? item under "significance of the in- `;vestigation" offers a hint. It says the ex ?perirnent will.address the problem of "therapy for the individual who does not .consciously -wish therapy or consciously resists it." -Such therapy may be related - to brainwashing. - e ti Couples' club usett- - ? _ The'psychology study identifies three ..sources-of "normals".to be used in the :sstudy:-``a local church couples'-club,?;'a general hospital personnel list of low-in- come employes, "references from rural social-work agents:' . In recruiting-'well-adjusted people se-' lected: to undergo. psychotherapy. the; Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2010/09/01 : CIA-RDP90-00806R000201150066-0