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December 22, 2016
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June 30, 2010
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May 4, 1982
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STAT Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2010/06/30: CIA-RDP90-00845R000200930001-3 THE WASHINGTON POST 4 May 1982 By Morton Mintz Washtnyton past Staff WMW .The,U.S. Navy has,put a "se.. cret.". stamp on an-,unpublished article that questioned. whether two American aircraft 'carriers ,,survived" simulated-'So'viet sub- marine and surface ship attacks in Ocean Venture-'8f,-the largest exercise ever held b 'Atlantic Fleet. r, The writer of an article solic- ited by the nonofficial Naval In- stitute's Proceedings magazine, Lt. Cmdr. Dean L. Knuth, was the chief analyst of Ocean Ven- ture '81, and its 1980 piedeces- sor. In both naval-exercises he was the American-adviser to the British Navy's Vice Adm.'.John Cox, who was responsible for protecting the North Atlantic Treaty Organization' ` "Blue" team's nuclear-powered USS Ei- senhower and ~- conventionally powered USS Forrestal from at- tack by the enemy.-'Orange- team in the Norwegians Sea. - team While the U.S:: Navy's official position is that botlrircraft car- riers did well enough in' the ex- ercises to warrant- the purchase of two more nuclear-powered carriers, Knuth is critical of that interpretation. "It'is hard foe,.- mer`to ,accept the "proposition that?tlie? Fisen- hower and the Forrestal reached the Norwegian Sea- from the North' Atlantic:,without being, ?attacked successfully,, :: even though- the :.Orange, threat was very' low," Knuth;'said ;id one of -" eseverarinterviews from.his home .in Morr%town,?N.J N.J. "What happened after that is of.lesser importance, partly be-, Article critical of Cariiers Stamped `Secret'. by Navy cause: most of the Orange submarines and .,surface ships went into port. The fact is, our taccraft carriers. were attacked by torpedoes or missiles from `submarines in our` major' ,exercises. And..yet.-the Soviet submarine .force is many. times larger than the handful of 'Orange submarines in Operation "Ven- he said:TheSoviets have-260 attack and'emise-missile submarines. In December, Knuth submitted a- draft to 'Proceedings, .whick'is published in Annap- `olis - Later'that month, the institute asked t.Navy security officials to review the paper so that no classified material would . appear in . ktlie,final version; which was being considered. for the May issue.-. Last Thursday, the Senate. Armed Ser- vices Committee` staff made inquiries of the Navy about the draft. On Friday, the Navy phoned Fred H. "Rainbow, managing'edifor- rof the Proceedings; to say that it. had clas- sided the paper *secret." ``The survivability of the aircraft"carriers is at the heart of a bitter dispute about wheth er to spend $6.8 billion on two more nuclear-' powered carriers the most expensive single.; item of weaponry in the fiscal: 1983 Defense. Authorization Act.:. The Senate began to debate the bill yes- terday. The key test will come later' in the week ' on -a substitute proposal from Sen. :.Gary Hart?(D-Colo.), who wants to delay. consideration o f'one of the large'carriers and "ulti=mission" light carvers, at to buy twom an estimated cost, of$3.3 billion, in place of i the second tr=y ? Hart recently received a copy'- of Knuth's :draft. On April 26,.Hart sent it to. Sen. Wil Liam S. 'Cohen, (R=Maine), chairmen of the' Senate.ArmedaServices sea power, and force, :projection' subcommittee, which.on March 16 ;was briefed about the maneuvers; by Adm. Harry D. Train,Ilt, the commander-in-chief of the Atlantic' Fleet. The Navy has not yeti provided a sanitized transcript of the testi mony_ "While the specific`conclusions presented. in .the briefing are classified;" Hart wrote in an_ accompanying-letter, 'they- are,- sal- you know, strongly, favorable .toward the -large aircraft carrier; in terms- of its survivability .and ability to operate even in high-threat areas. The conclusions were used explicitly to support and justify the current Navy pro, gram, which includes the. two large carriers Bu-t,*.Hart continued, he had recentlyre- ceived Knuth's paper. "Far from proving highly survivable"the carriers were "effec=;_ tively attacked by both submarines and.sur-. face ships," Hart;wrote. The paper "raises serious questions concerning the accuracy of the information presented to. the subcommit- tee by the Navy" he wrote. In his letter to Cohen. Hart asked for an investigation of the results of Ocean Venture i and of the Navy briefing and fora "hold". on authorizing the .two large. carriers '"until the ? fate of the carriers in' Ocean Venture '81 can b&- determined accurately." Cohen's staff' began to - make : "preliminary, ;inquiries" Thursday.. Yesterday, Cohen,sent a letter to Hart-in -which he disagreed'.witli Hart's'.interpreta tion of the briefing. After a' review .of all the pertinent materials,.Cohen said in a state- ment: "The subcommittee was not .misled and the conclusions. of. the exercise. [Ocean .Venture as presented remain valid." He also said there is ?no:reason'.'not.t6_ buy the= two large carriers; which: are of the Nimitz class:: Y In reporting; the defense authorisation bill last month,'the_Senate Armed Services.'sub committee said -i`'TheNimitz clas3,carrier re- mains the most'oast-effective?and'surviyable means of deploying aircraft to sea:"-, (='-`Hart disagrees. "We"need to disperse our 'naval aviation' onto` a significantly4larger `number of ships-and two,,is nota 'signifi- 'cant ' number," he wrote otheraenators in `a March 19 letter".Yet;'if wee keep binding Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2010/06/30: CIA-RDP90-00845R000200930001-3