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Document Creation Date: 
December 22, 2016
Document Release Date: 
January 24, 2012
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Publication Date: 
February 14, 1985
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PDF icon CIA-RDP90-00965R000201080059-0.pdf119.4 KB
Si Declassified in Part - Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2012/01/24: CIA-RDP90- MIAMI HERALD The assessments in the Caribbe- an Basin came as no surprise, but the harsh judgment bestowed on Chilean President Augusto Pino- chet's government marked a sharp departure from previous reports that were much more restrained. Overall, the report said, the Western Hemisphere registered the greatest. improvement in hu- man rights conditions of any world region last year. Elliott Abrams, assistant secre- tary of state for human rights and humanitarian affairs, pointed out that several countries have gone from military dictatorship to de- mocracy in recent years, and "zero Vu OHL_? 00965R000201080059-0 US. report blasts chile on rights WASHINGTON - The Reagan administration released its annual human rights, report Wednesday, criticizing Chile, Cuba and Nicaragua and hailing improvements in two Central American allies. El Salvador and Guatemala. countries have gone from democ- racy to dictatorship. That's a very impressive trend.' . Abrams acknowledged, , howev- er, that "the greatest disappoint- ment would be. Chile, where it appears that the movement toward a return to democratic government has been stalled and the degree '.of -political repression has grown during the year." The 1,453-page 1984 edition of the State Department's Country Reports on Human Rights Prac- tices took Chile sharply to task in a reflection of U.S. frustration with Pinochet's refusal to imple- ment political reform. Last week, the administration signaled displeasure by abstaining on the vote for a $130 million Inter-American Development Bank loan for Chile. Despite this, Pinochet on Tuesday fired his Cabinet chief and finance minister, who both. were seen as relative moderates. The U.S. has beenf particularly 14 February, 1985 As a result of the restrictions, the report said, "the government conducted several mass sweeps of poorer neighborhoods involving the temporary detention of over 8,000 persons;' sent 421 persons, mainly alleged petty criminals, to a remote detention camp without trial and internally exiled another 257 persons without charges or trial." Criticism of Cuba echoed previ- ous reports, denouncing President Fidel Castro for "continued abuses of basic human rights ... as well as the denial of fair. public trial, the use of torture and other inhuman practices." "Credible information" sent from Cuba last summer by an apparently clandestine Cuban Committee on Human Rights de- scribed the firing squad executions of 37 persons and death sentences for 131 others between October 1983 and May 1984, the- report said. The document also listed reports of torture, disappearances and arrests of dissidents. In one case, it By ALFONSO CHARDY Herald Washington Bureau said authorities arrested five youths between 16 and 18 years', old and sentenced them to as much as five years in jail for writing "Viva Reagan" and "Viva U.S.A." on school walls. In Nicaragua, the report said, the Marxist-led Sandinista govern- ment continued to "tighten con- trol" over society and continued to support "terrorist" activity in other countries, notably El Salva- dor. The report commended the Sandinistas, however, for reducing illiteracy and enhancing medical care. The document said there were' continuing "credible reports" that Nicaraguan security forces tor- critical of Pinochet's Nov. 6 deci- sion to reinstate restrictions on constitutional rights despite inter- national pressures to lift them, as a gesture to the moderate opposi- tion. Declassified in Part - Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2012/01/24: CIA-RDP90-00965R000201080059-0 Declassified in Part - Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2012/01/24: CIA-RDP90-00965R000201080059-0 tured and killed Miskito Indians and confiscated or destroyed their food supplies and property. It also cited information from the Nicaraguan Permanent Human Rights Commission that Sandinista forces killed at least six political foes in 1984. By contrast, the report said "there has been substantial prog- ress" in El Salvador since the election of President Jose Napo- leon Duarte last year. It cited a. sharp decline in the number of disappearances and right-wing death squad killings. It said civilian deaths declined from 139 per month in 1983 to 46 per month in the last half of 1984. The report said the Salvadoran armed forces continue to be ac- cused of human rights violations, particularly civilian deaths caused by air strikes against guerrilla strongholds. However., the document defend- ed the air raids and said most of the accusations were exaggerated or baseless because they came from the guerrillas themselves or from sources sympathetic to the insurgents. Abrams denied that the report minimized alleged atrocities at- trifiuted to CIA-organized rebels in Nicaragua while accusin EI Sal- vador's leftist guerri as with hu- man-rights violations. "The human rig is report states that the [Nicaraguan] government claims that the guerrillas killed 1,000 civilians in 1984 and tor- tured and summarily executed prisoners," Abrams said. "So we do state the view of the govern- ment of Nicaragua, though you might expect that we do not necessarily agree with that view." The report said conditions in Guatemala, where the administra- tion wants to resume full-fledged military aid this year, have also improved as a result of the military government's move to- ward elections. "Politically-related deaths,". -it added, "remained significantly be- low the 1981-82 levels although 'they continued to be a major problem." Declassified in Part - Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2012/01/24: CIA-RDP90-00965R000201080059-0