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December 22, 2016
Document Release Date: 
September 27, 2012
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July 9, 1985
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1 Declassified in Part - Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2012/09/27 CIA-RDP90-00965R000302150006-8 " " ?^EAR0 YORK IP !ES 7"7I C1July 1985 Congress Still Deadlocked on Issues as Recess Ends By JONATHAN FUERBRINGER Special to The New Yort Times WASHINGTON, July 8 ? The House and the Senate returned from their 10- day Fourth of July recess today, still deadlocked over the 1986 Federal budget and facing a series of other dif- ficult issues in the month ahead. The Senate Republican leadership ran into opposition from conservatives right away on two key issues: imposi- tion of economic sanctions on the Gov- ernment-of South Africa and more than two dozen diplomatic nominations. Other issues includd nonmilitary aid to the rebels fighting the Sandinista Government in Nicaragua, economic aid to Jordan, gun control, a farm bill, limits on production of the MX missile, financing for the space-based antimis- sile shield and individual appropria- tions bills. Although the recess was officially ended, in fact there were few senators or representatives in Washington. Outlook on the Budget On the budget deadlock, House Speaker Speaker Thomas P. O'Neill Jr., Sena- tor Bob Dole, the majority leader, and President Reagan are expected to be drawn into negotiations if there is a chance for a compromise. But Mr. O'Neill and Mr. Dole may face prob- lems in rallying their members to ac- cept any compromise they could reach. "It's up to those gentlemen," said Senator Lawton Chiles of Florida, the ranking Democrat on the Senate Budget Committee. Mr. Chiles insisted that any "meaningful" deficit reduc- tion package would have to include tax increases and a freeze on the cost-of- living increase for Social Security. The House-Senate conferees on the budget have been deadlocked for three weeks. The main issue is the Social Se- curity cost-of-living increase, which the Senate proposed eliminating for _?r: - one year. The House is opposed to such a freeze. Mr. Dole said that the message he heard from the voters in the recess last week was to cut the deficit, adding that there was almost no talk of Mr. Rea- gan's proposal to redesign the tax sys- tem. AmbassadsrlaI Notninitlass In the Senate, the Republican leader- ship is still being blocked in its effort to approve nearly two dozen ambassa- dorial nominations and nominations for other posts. The nominations, Mr. Dole said, are "still being held hos- tage." Senator Jesse Helms, Republican of North Carolina, hinted today that he might continue to block approval of some or all of the nonlinatiOnS. Pre- venting approval before the August re- cess. The conservatives are opposed to some of the nominations and, in addi- tion, are trying to stop what they have called a "purge" of some conserva- tives in the State Department. The conservatives, however, did allow the approval on a voice vote of John C. Whitehead to be Deputy Secre- tary of State. Senator Helms also promised today to block consideration of the South Af- rican sanctions bill, which has the sup- port of Mr. Dole and the Foreign Rela- tions Committee. "I think it's dumb to call it up," Sena- tor Helms told reporters this morning. "Anybody who doesn't understand that the Soviet Union is orchestrating the upheaval in all Africa, including South Africa, doesn't understand what is going on," he said later. Mr. Dole moved today to block a fili- buster by filing a cloture petition, which is to be voted on Wednesday. Even if Mr. Dole gets the 00 votes need- ed, Mr. Helms has other procedural means available to block action. ThaSenate bill would ban new bank loans to the South African Govern- ment, the sale of computers to agencies enforcing the racial separation policy of apartheid, and the sale of goods used in nuclear production. The House has passed its own bill, which includes these sanctions and additional bans on new private investment and the sale of gold Krugerrands. While the Senate is concentrating on these and other issues, including legis- lation that would ease some gun control restrictions, the House is expected to spend most of its time on appropria- tions. House-Senate conferences will be striving to compose differences on the supplemental appropriations bill for 1965 and the Department of Defense su- thorization bill for 1988. 'Aid to Rebels in Nicaragua The issue of nonmilitary aid to rebels fighting the Government in Nicaragua and that of economic aid to Jordan are tied up in the supplemental appropria- tions bill for 1965. Conferees from the House and the Senate have yet to meet. On the aid to the rebels, both the house approvedW-IS-re--M-'?.4- aid but differ over the definition of non- military and whether it can be tunneled irough tm central inteingence Ages- cy. Meanwhile, tne senate nas ap- proved $250 million in aid to Jordan but the House has not. The House Agriculture Committee is to start work on a farm bill this week and the Senate Agriculture Committee has set a July 15 deadline for complet- ing action. But while Mr. Dole has made approval a priority, some sena- tors doubt that the bill could approved before August. r.nnv Aooroved for Release 2012/09/27 CIA-RDP90-00965R000302150006-8