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December 27, 2016
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November 14, 2012
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March 14, 1986
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Declassified in Part - Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2012/11/14: CIA-RDP90-00965R000302240012-1 K Af11= NEW YORK TIMES -~ 14 March 1986 ills. VOWS TO RESIST The officials said Mr. Reagan had been considering presenting this kind of message for some months. The time was said to be propitious because of re- DESPOTS OF RIGHT an t~atUs?o r~ Pru ehon~ fnr t a atrLQg a wit IM(wnw ny0!r SeL- ing a for next meet- on AS WELL AS OF LEFT i tltecom ne vote' By LESLIE H. GELB n covert at to t e anti-San inista Special to The New York Times rebels, known as contras. WASHINGTON, March 13 - In a " you cannot underestimate how major policy statement to be made good the President felt about the react public on Friday, President Reagan tion to his handling of the Philippines says explicitly for the first time that his and Haiti," a high-ranking Administra- Administration will oppose dictator- ion official said. ships of the anti-Communist right as The officials said that no one needed an to make the Rea M d well as the pro-Soviet left. The core of a message that key Ad- ministration officials said would be sent to Congress says, "The American people believe in human rights and op- pose tyranny in whatever form, whether of the left or the right." This new approach differs in empha- sis from the one enunciated by Jeane J. Kirkpatrick, the former chief United States delegate to the United Nations. That policy held that "traditional au- thoritarian" regimes were "less re- pressive," more susceptible to change and better for American interests than Marxist-style rulers. Left Called Greater Threat Mr. Reagan's statement still calls leftist dictatorships the greater and "unique" threat to world peace. But his thrust is intended to take advantage of his recent role in helping to remove right-wing dictators in the Philippines and Haiti and to blunt charges that the Administration follows a double stand- ard on human rights. The main purpose of the statement, according to the Administration offi- g r. e to persua statement and that it was coordinated with the highest levels of the State De- partment and the Pentagon. On the human rights issue, the offi- cials were careful not to describe the President's statement as the abandon- ment of what has been called the Kirk- patrick doctrine. "The statement should not be re- garded as a hunting license to under- mine friendly states, which often face external threats, and which can over time evolve nonviolently to ever-more democratic forms of government," one official said. Nonetheless, the new Reagan ap- proach is likely to be greeted by some critics of the Administration as a vindi- cation of President Carter's human rights policy, which Mr. Reagan and his top aides have strongly attacked. The Administration officials said it would be wrong to characterize Mr. Reagan's statement as the adoption of Mr. Carter's approach, and many human rights activists are likely to agree, or at least they are likely to argue that while the language may be favorable, it still has to be put into practice. Condemned Chile In Geneva strategy. The human rights part of the strat- egy is said to be intended to increase Congressional support for covert mili- tary aid to anti-Soviet "freedom filtht ers" in general and Nicaraltuanann rebels in particular. This aid, in turn, is in- tended to convince Moscow that its policy of backing so-called colonial agents in Angola, Afghanistan. Cambo- dia, Ethiopia and Nicaragua cannot work. 'Soviet Adventurism' Deplored Soviet leaders are warned not to ex- pect "fundamental improvement of Soviet-American relations" while there is "continuing Soviet adveptur- ism in the developing world." The mes- ?sage goes so far as to tell them that there is no more likely time than now for "Soviet policy reviews and reas- sessments," given Soviet domestic problems and signs of "democratic revolution" said to be "visible in Mos- cow." The text did not explain what was meant by those terms. fact that the Administration only a few days ago introduced a resolution at the United Nations Human Rights Com- mission meeting in Geneva that con- demned the human rights situation in Chile. The Administration decided that its quiet pressure for change on the military Government of President Au- gusto Pinochet had not worked. But the officials also said Chester A. Crocker, Assistant Secretary of State for African Affairs, went too far Wednesday in proclaiming the Admin- istration's support for "majority rule" in South Africa. They said his reference - to members of the African National Congress as "freedom fighters" had also been made without White House approval. The officials emphasized that the statement should not be read as setting the stage for compromise on covert aid to the contras fighting the Nicaraguan Government. That aid package is ex- pected to be voted on in the Senate next week, and one of the key officials in- sisted that "the President wanted an open or down vote, not a compromise." The statement does not mention au- thoritarian regimes friendly to Wash- ington, such as those in South Korea, Indonesia and Taiwany and the officials declined to say how the new approach would apply in those case. 'Cases Are More Complicated' "The statement is an attempt to say that the cases are more complicated than people realize; that we have to use different instruments in different ways in dealing with each," one official said. In the words of the President's mes- sage, "The drive for national freedom and popular rule takes different forms in different countries, for each nation is the authentic product of a unique his- tory and culture." The statement refers to a "global revolution" for democracy. In this, "there can be no doubt where America stands," it says, adding, "The Amer- ican people believe in human rights and oppose tyranny in whatever form, whether of the left or the right." Then, to make the point about differ- ent cases, it goes on: "We use our influ- ence to encourage democratic change, in careful ways that respect other coun- tries' traditions and political realities as well as the security threats that many of them face from external or in- ternal forces of totalitarianism." It talks about the people of Turkey fighting back "a violent assault on democracy from both left and right" several years ago. It says that the Phil- ippines "are now restoring their demo- cratic traditions," and that the "people of Haiti have their first chance in three decades to direct their own affairs." Position on South Africa As for South Africa, it states: "Advo- cates of peaceful change in South Af- rica are seeking an alternative to vio- lence as well as to apartheid. American support will be ready, in these coun- tries and elsewhere, to help democracy succeed." As for what the statement calls "Leninist regimes," it argues that "the assault of such regimes on their own people inevitably becomes a menace to their neighbors." Thus, "Soviet-style dictatorships, in short, are an almost unique threat to peace, both before and after they consolidate their rule." Mr. Reagan argues that the?demo- cratic revolution is having profound ef- fects in two ways: on peoples' thinking in general and in generating resistance to Soviet-style government. He states: "Ours is a time of enor- mous social and technological change everywhere, and one country after an- other is discovering that only free peo- ples can make the most of this change. Countries that want progress without pluralism, without freedom, are find- ing that it cannot be done." Causing Problems for Moscow This, the statement contends, has Caused problems for Moscow. "In re- cent years, Soviet ambitions in the', developing world have run head on into, a new form of resistance," it says. In the 1970's "the Soviets overreached," and now they and their clients "are finding it difficult to consolidate" their gains "mainly because of the coura- geous forces of indigenous resistance." Then, as the statement turns toward Soviet policy, it says, "We did not create this historical phenomenon, but we must not fail to respond to it." Of Declassified in Part - Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2012/11/14: CIA-RDP90-00965R000302240012-1