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December 22, 2016
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December 19, 2011
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February 28, 1986
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Declassified in Part -Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2011/12/19 :CIA-RDP90-009658000706110018-1 " ~ ` " ~ 28 February 1986 Shultz Assails Nicaragua in Asking Aid for Rebels By DAVID K. SHIPLER Special to The New York Times WASHINGTON, Feb. 27 - Denounc- ing the Nicaraguan Government as "a cancer, right here on our land mass," Secretary of State George P. Shultz faced a skeptical Senate Foreign Rela- tions Committee today as he urged ap- proval of President Reagan's request for =100 million to help the Nicaraguan rebels. The authorization would include s'TO million in military and S30 million in nonlethal aid to the guerrillas, known as contras. Congress cut off covert military aid to [ tF~e re sin 1984 and aa- t of er e Under close questioning by dubious senators, Mr. Shultz conceded that only Sl8 million of that had been spent so far, mainly because of resistance by Honduras to its territory being used as a conduit for supplies. He also painted a vivid picture of the Government in Managua subverting neighboring Latin American wuntries with extensive Soviet and Cuban sup- port. Presenting a map of the region, he asserted that arms from Nicaragua had been discovered in the hands of in- surgents and terrorists in Guatemala, El Salvador, Honduras, Costa. Rica and Colombia. Nicaragua had provided military training to guerrillas operat- ing in Venezuela, Brazil, Ecuador, Uruguay and Chile, he said, and safe haven to radicals from Bolivia and Ar- gentina. `On the Right Side' "It has tried to spread itself around in a fundamentally evil way," Mr. Shultz said of the Nicarguan Govern- ment. "There is incontrovertible proof that the Nicaraguan Government is in- volved in drug -trafficking," he added, but did not provide the evidence. "We're for the good guys," the Secre- taryasserted. "We're on the right side in this issue. I know who the good guys and the bad guys are." At the White House, President Rea- gan. who was applauded today by a bi- partisan group of Congressional lead- ers for his handling of the Philippines crisis, told the group that the success- ful transition to democracy in this in- ~ ;innately that support for the reslst- st3nce reinforced the need for Con-~ I ante had grown as the Sandinistas had gross to approve increased aid for the ~ eliminated individual liberties inside Nicaraguan rebels. According to Larry Speaker, the White House spokesman, Mr. Reagan told the legislators that "several paral- lels" existed between the Philippines and Nicaragua. "We car, ignore the fraudulent elec- tions Ortega had," Mr. Speaker quoted Mr. Reagan as having said in reference to President Daniel Ortega Saavedra of Nicaragua. "We can ignore the repres- sion and we can ignore the subversion, terrorism and drug trafficking. But if we ignore it in Nicaragua and don't deal with it now, when will we deal with its" The spokesman said that Mr. Reagan I had added that the most important par- allel between the two cases was that "we stoodfor democracy in the Philip- pines; we have to stand for democracy in Nicaragua and throughout Central America and in our own hemisphere." Mr. Shultz's appearance, came as a Nicaraguan official told reporters in Managua that the aid request was a '`slap in the face" to Latin America that could force Nicaragua to seek more military aid from abroad. "Reagan persists stubbornly in his war policy, aimed at increasing tension in Central America and inflaming an already serious crisis," United Press International quoted Acting Foreign Minister Victor Hugo Tinoco as having said. flip subject," Mr. Shultz declared. "It's a very serious subject. And the point is, there would be more people on this chart if we gave them some support, if they had some shoes to wear and some uniforms to wear and some medical supplies!" The Secretary was pound- ing the table, nearly shouting. "These are people who are trying to attain freedom and independence in their country! And we have to consider whether or not we're going to step in behind them and help them. That's what this is about. Right here on our doorstep!" The chairman of the Foreign Rela- tions Committee, Senator Richard G: Lugar, Republican of Indiana, en- dorsed the Administration's basic ob- jectives without committing himself on the specific aid request. Other committee members who sup- port aid to the contras had some hard questions. They asked whether the ef- fort would really work, whether it had the realistic potential of either over- throwing the Sandinistas or pressing them into negotiations. 'Simplistic' Views Criticized The neat juxtaposition between good and evil was challenged by Senator Christopher J. Dodd, Democrat of Con- necticut. "We've had the President and others calling the contras Jeffersonian demo- oats, and we've had others referring to the Sandinistas as some new order of Franciscan monks," he said. "Frank- ly, both observations are terribly sim- plistic, and I think it makes it more dif- ficu-t to really trying to come up with intelligent solutions to this problem." Mr. Dodd recalled President Rea- gan's saying in 1984 that if former President Ferdinand E. Marcos were not supported in the Philippines, the al- ternative would be Communism. "I'd hate to think we've reached a conclu- sion in Central America that the only choice here is between the contras and the Sandinistas, and that we have aban- doned our creativity." Secretary Shultz conceded later that "good guys and bad guys" was an over- Nicaragua. `It's Not a Flip Subject' He reacted sharply when Senator Daniel J. Evans, Republican of Wash- ington, made fun of a chart, presented by State Department aides, showing the armed resistance growing, even in the two years after a cutoff of United States military aid. "I calculate that after about three more years of no aid, the armed resistance will be consider- ably larger than the Nicaraguan mili- tary." Are you serious about that?" asked Mr. Shultz. "No," Senator Evans replied. "Or is that a flip comment? It's not a STAT Declassified in Part -Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2011/12/19 :CIA-RDP90-009658000706110018-1