Document Type: 
Document Number (FOIA) /ESDN (CREST): 
Release Decision: 
Original Classification: 
Document Page Count: 
Document Creation Date: 
December 22, 2016
Document Release Date: 
December 13, 2011
Sequence Number: 
Case Number: 
Publication Date: 
February 26, 1986
Content Type: 
PDF icon CIA-RDP90-00965R000706190004-8.pdf105.37 KB
Declassified and Approved For Release 2011/12/13: CIA-RDP90-00965R000706190004-8 AN 1't:l-t /:rr:. J ON PAGE WASHINGTON TIMES 26 February 1936 Congress relieved Marcos finally gave up Missouri Democrat Rep. Richard J By Rita McWilliams Gephardt, chairman of the House and Christopher Simpson Democratic Caucus, said there THE WASHINGTON TIMES "were only winners in the Philip- Once fearful a civil war was im- minent in the Philippines, Congress breathed a sigh of relief yesterday and lauded President Ferdinand Marcos' decision to hand over the reins of power to Corazon Aquino. During a day of rapidly unfolding events half way around the world that began with two presidents in the Philippines, congressional leaders last night said Mr. Marcos' decision was not only prudent but would likely avert widespread strife. Vermont Democratic Sen. Patrick J. Leahy vice chairman of the select Committee on Intelligence, said he was "ve pleased" tat Mr. Marcos e t t e Phili airlift. =d he stayed and toughed it out for a while, there would have been a real bloodbath," Mr. Leahy said, echoing the common response from both conservatives and liberals in Congress. "We came close to botching it by sticking with Marcos for so long, but the way it ended, I think we can work with Mrs. Aquino" The Philippines, home of two of the largest U.S. military bases out- side the United States, has been a close ally of the United States for decades. But in recent months, the country and Mr. Marcos have come under intense scrutiny that eased only after he was spirited from his home, presumably to exile in Guam. Congressional pressures began mounting last fall when a Senate delegation reported that Mr. Mar- cos' control over the government was slipping and major reforms were a must. Those calls now have been replaced by pleas to boost eco- nomic aid to the Philippines, along with efforts to help Mrs. Aquino complete the transition to a new gov- ernment. The shifting sentiments grew last night on Captiol Hill as plaudits flowed freely. But just as quickly, the reactions were replaced by spec- ulation on what lies in the future un- der the reign of Mrs. Aquino. pines. President Corazon Aquino won recognition for her victory in the national election. Ex-president i Marcos won our respect for stepping down" Mr. Gephardt, like other law- niakers, said numerous hurdles still must be overcome before the transi- tion to a new government is com- plete. "Although democratic rule has re- turned to the Philippines, we all realize that many economic and so- cial problems remain;' he said. "Finding solutions will not be easy, but the United States will be standing by the Philippines in the difficult days ahead." Senate Majority Leader Robert Dole said with the end of start looking regime at hand, "We'll over what the other candidate had to I say in the campaign." Critics of the Reagan administra- tion, who in recent days spotlighted the problems to attack the Reagan administration's foreign policies, softened their responses yesterday. Massachusetts Democrat Sen. Edward Kennedy said he thought the administration "held on too long to the Marcos regime," but peppered his remarks by congratulating Mr. Reagan for "reversing a failing policy. He discarded his own precon- ceptions and he acted on the basis of reality, not right-wing assumptions" "The result is this day of pride ... and it is a day whose peaceful dawn could not have come without the leadership of President Ronald Rea- gan;' Mr. Kennedy said. Looking ahead, lawmakers fo- cused first on increased economic aid to the Philippines and what may happen to the two critical U.S. bases there. Initial congressional reaction to any increase in economic assis- tance "would be a small price to pay" for continued friendship with the Philippines, a Democratic House staffer said. New York Democratic Rep. Ste- phen Solarz, chairman of the House Foreign Affairs subcommittee on the Pacific, in past months has re- peatedly denounced the Marcos re- gime and last week successfully moved to cut off all U.S. military aid to the Philippines. But after the Mar- cos regime ended, Mr. Solarz fol- lowed suit with most lawmakers in calling for renewed efforts to mend open wounds. Mr. Solarz yesterday was com- mending the decision by Mr. Marcos to leave, along with key moves by the Reagan administration to arrange a peaceful transition. Mr. Solarz said he will fly to Manila next week to meet with Mrs. Aquino and would back a "substantial" increased aid to Philippines. New York Democrat Rep. Samuel Stratton, chairman of another For- eign Affairs subcommittee, pre- dicted the U.S. bases there were "very safe" because of the thousands of jobs they bring to the Philippines, which has a sagging economy. "It's very important for us now to rapidly establish the contacts neces- sary to determine what kind of aid the new government needs to carry on most effectively in a new era for the Philippines;' said Washington Republican Sen. Daniel Evans, a member of the Senate Foreign Rela- tions Committee. "I believe this outcome is a defi- nite plus for the democratic pro- cess;' said Sen. Lawton Chiles, Flor- ida Democrat. "The Filipino people demonstrated their love for democ- racy. When they took to the streets, laying down in front of tanks and facing down the Marcos troops they showed, in the most graphic way, their belief in democratic elections." Declassified and Approved For Release 2011/12/13: CIA-RDP90-00965R000706190004-8