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December 22, 2016
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December 13, 2011
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March 3, 1985
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STAT I Declassified in Part - Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2011/12/13: CIA-RDP90-00965R000706620003-1 ARTICLE A' ON PAGE MIAMI HERALD 3 Marcn 1985 Around the Americas Sandinistas attract a Who's Who of terrorists By JUAN O. TAMAYO Herald Stall writer MANAGUA, Nicaragua - He is a 5-foot-11, gray-eyed surgeon, treating children in a Managua slum. She is a petite journalist, writing for a Paris magazine. Both are fugitives, wanted in their native Italy for leading left-wing guerrilla gangs. Two West Germans linked to battalion. guerrilla, widow of the Argentine rebel who led the commando team e of a ence unit. The other commands an artile Army. One is in char Managua after the 1979 Sandinista Sandinistas- have named a geother- revolution, seeking safe haven and mal power plant after Arguello. it left-wing extremists from Europe for hostages . seized by another and Latin America who came to group of PFLP hijackers. The El in Paraguay, is dating a ranking hijack an Israeli jetliner from Nicaraguan official trained as a Amsterdam to New York on Sept. guerrilla by the PLO in Lebanon in 6, 1970. Israeli security agents the early 1970s. killed Arguello and captured The are but a few of the Khaled who was later exchanged that assassinated former Nicara- most notorious terrorist, Leila "an President Anastasio Somoza Khaled in a botched attempt to `It's a lie,' Defense Minister Humberto Ortega says of reports that Nicaragua harbors leftist fugitives from around the world. `We do not require that type of support to defend our principles.' The PLO now has a fully accredited embassy in Managua. And the Sandinista Front has "fraternal" relations with leftist groups from Italy, West Germany, Spain's Basque region, Argentina, Uruguay, Chile, Paraguay, Peru, Colombia, Libya, El Salvador, Honduras, Guatemala and Costa Rica. The Italian government on Feb. 8 gave the Sandinistas a list of 22 was at the PFLP camps that the -gent once based in Nicaragua said Minister Rene Vivas. He is now. At least 150 Sandinistas were dating an Argentine Montonero trained in the 1970s in Lebanon guerrilla, the widow of Julio camps run by the P^rmlar Front Alfredo Irurzun, head of the for the Liberation of Palesttne the Montonero team that assassinated PLO faction most committed to Somoza in Paraguay in September terrorism in Europe and the 1980, in what the killers called a dle show of "revolutionary solidarity" Veteran Sandinistas say that it with Nicaragua. the Israeli state in 1948. Yet another Sandinista trained signed a pact with the Palestine .Liberation Organization to train Nicaraguan guerrillas in Lebanon. Somoza was a steadfast supporter .,f icrePL- and Nicaragua was one It is the same kind of revolution- ary "networking" - leftist mili- tants call it "internationalism" - that benefitted the Sandinistas during their long guerrilla struggle to topple Somoza. in the late 1960s, the Sandinistas y a chance to prove their solidar with the Nicaraguan government. Nicaraguans Gfirst ermans met from uropean the leftists Baader-Meinhof Gang and its spin-offs; Italians from the Red Brigades and other radical groups - and began establishing the close personal relationships that persist today . The European leftists believe that the Ho Chi Minh Trail and the Quebrada del Yuro run through their countries, too," said one Sandinista official, referring to a key guerrilla supply line in the Vietnam War and the Bolivian gully where famed guerrilla chief Ernesto "Che" Guevara was killed in 1967. One PLO-trained Sandinista. Pa- tricio Arguello, joined the PFLP's. Another PLO-trained Nicara- guan was Communications Minis- ter Enrique Schmidt, killed in combat with anti-Sandinista guer- rillas -last November. Schmidt's widow,- a West German citizen born in the Basque region of Spain, now works for the Sandi- nista Front's Department of Politi- cal Education. Health Ministry workers say she lectured them last year on.the ideology of the Basque and Liberty guerrilla group, known as ETA, fighting for Declassified in Part - Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2011/12/13: CIA-RDP90-00965R000706620003-1 Declassified in Part - Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2011/12/13: CIA-RDP90-00965R000706620003-1 = a. Italian leftists believed to be living in Nicaragua - about half of them wanted fugitives, the rest de- scribed only as "extremists." The Foreign Ministry said it knew nothing about the Italians but would investigate. Topping the list, obtained by The Herald, is Guglielmo Gugliel- mi, 39, a one-time Rome surgeon facing five arrest warrants for crimes between 1979 and 1983 ranging from kidnapping to illegal weapons possessions to "participa- tion in armed gangs." last month that five Brigadisti are Costa Rican Justice Ministry now serving as officers in the officials say Jimenez, still await- Sandinista army. "That's a lie," ing trial, has confessed that a Defense Minister Humberto Orte- Managua-based group of ETA ga said last week. "We do not rebels planned Pastora's assassina- require that type of support to tion, without authorization from defend our principles and our the Sandinistas, but as a sign of flags." "revolutionary solidarity." Sandinista government sources Since the revolution triumphed, said two West Germans who have Nicaragua has also been visited for bragged of having been part of the varying periods by a string of Baader-Meinhof Gang are now leftist militants from Europe and serving in the army - one as a Latin America, many of them captain in an artillery unit sta- simple political exiles, some of tioned at the Montelimar base them well-known guerrilla lead- southwest of Managua and the ers. other attached to a military coun- terintelligence unit. ' Mario Firmenich, head of Argen- A West German known only as tina's Montoneros, traveled legally "Fitz" has told friends there is a through Nicaragua - once staving warrant for his arrest in Germany. several days in the home of "Fitz," described as an anarchist, Interior Minister Tomas Borge - fought in the Sandinista revolution as well as Mexico and Costa Rica and later worked as an administra- before the Buenos Aires govern- tor at the government-owned Julio ment put out a warrant for his Buitrago sugar mill. arrest. He was detained in Brazil Also living in Nicaragua is Peter last year and extradited to Argen- Paul Zahl, a well-known West tina. German writer with former links Two Baader-Meinhof gang to Baader-Meinhof who spent four members visited Nicaragua in years son for the attempted 1980 to express their support for murder of prison a a policeman in Cologne, the Sandinistas and explain the Germany. Friends said Zahl, who reasons for their own struggle. not wanted d for any other up a They sought out three foreign crimes, group in Bluefields for the port's setting West t journalists living in Managua and Indian blacks. tnfor the granted them interviews, one of dan baNicaraguan government officials the reporters said. said a handful of Basque ETA guerrillas also lived in Managua And Lauro A7zolini, 41, a Red until 1983, when Spanish Prime Brigades founder sentenced in Minister Felipe Gonzalez, a strong absentia to 30 years in prison for kidna Sandinista 1978 o to the Manag apgov~ernmen Sest eed Ithe t lian Prime M n stersAldo'Mo of eral ETA members moved to visited Nicaragua in early 1980 the officials encet to e xto ho a p ain Moro's news slaying. went neighboring Venezuela, Rica Journalists invited to the confer- said. Gregorio Jimenez, 32, an ETA ence said the Sandinistas blocked militant wanted by the Spanish it. in Azzolini, alleged to have been Costa Rica charges, woase arrest do in terrorism the man who killed Moro with a and charged with September to assassinate Eden Pasto- close range blast from a Czecho- Slovak-made Skorpion machine , of g ra uerril aefg group anbased Si nd Costa pistol, was later captured in Italy and is in prison. Rica? merit accuseore than 200 wanted harboring m Italian militants. The woman journalist in Maria- gun declined comment when two Italian journalists tried to inter= Brigades France in 1993 of view view her last month. "I am not who you think I am," she said. Her name is known but omitted here because of the absence of proof that the journalist and the fugitive are the same. Roberto Sandalo, 27, a Red defector living in Kenya, told Italy's Oggi news magazine international terrorism records show that Guglielmi, now work- ing at a government-run children's clinic in the Managua slum of Ciudad Sandino, was a top leader of the Unita Combattente Comu- nisti, a guerrilla band that spun off from the Red Brigades in the late 1970s. He was convicted in absen- tia last June of kidnapping and sentenced to 22 years in prison. Also on the list is a 33-year-old Milan sociologist wanted on a warrant charging her with "orga- nizing and leading armed gangs in Italy and abroad." An Italian woman with the same name as the fugitive is a journalist accredited in Managua as correspondent for a Paris-based magazine that special- izes in Third World issues. The fugitive is also described in the international records as a member of a group that helped Guglielmi and three other Italian fugitives move from Paris to Nicaragua after the Italian govern- Declassified in Part - Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2011/12/13: CIA-RDP90-00965R000706620003-1