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December 22, 2016
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February 22, 2011
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February 25, 1973
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IL _ I STAT Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2011/02/22: CIA-RDP90-01208R000100010036-3 25 Feb 19'(3 Caesar-serving professors and theorizing politician The Conduct and Misconduct Of Foreign Affairs Reflection on U.S. Foreign Policy Since World War 11. By Charles Yost. 226 pp. New York: Random House. $7.95. The Crippled Giant American Foreign Policy and its Domestic Consequences. By Senator J. William Fulbright. 292 pp. New York: Random House. $6.95. Hammarskjold By Brian Urquhart. 521 pp. New York: Alfred A. Knopf. $12.50. The Reform of Power A Proposal for An International Security System. By Leonard Beaton. 242 pp. New York: The Viking Press. $7.95. Formerly, Ambassadors and Senators wrote memoirs and professors wrote theories of in- ternational relations. Today, professors often serve Caesar, while diplomats and politi- cians become theoreticians of power.. The arrangement is not with- out advantage for the study of international affairs, as two re- cent books suggest. Ambassa- dor Charles W. Yost and Sen- ator J. William Fulbright have each published highly readable studies, strongly criticizing American postwar foreign policy and seeking to expose the malignant political ideals and structures responsible. Mr. Yost finished his distin- guished diplomatic career by ? serving as our Ambassador at the United Nations. While he speaks with the perspective and authority of an inside profes- sional, his views are neither of- ficial nor complacent. Admir- ing Acheson, he nevertheless believes our postwar reactions to Russia excessive and won- ders if a Republican victory in 1948 would not have been preferable. As it was, lie says, Stalin and McCarthy almost seem to have been the archi- David P. Colleo is professor Agreement on Tariffs and of European studies at the Trade) and the I.M.F. (Intcrna- STATohns Hopkins School of Ad- tional Monetary Fund) as nxxl- . vanced International Studies. els for' the, successful conduct of policy by pro esstona . close perusal of our foreign restore a humane vision for the economic policy, where the future to replace the techno. next cold war has been taking cratic, depersonalized abstrac. shape for 10 years, scarcely tion so fashionable among ex. supports the view that all the perts and so repulsive to their troubles began with Governor students. Before we are likely Connally, to end the material poverty of the few, Fulbright believes, we Senator Fulbright, who shares will have to alleviate the spir- many of Mr. Yost's alarms, as- itual poverty of the many. signs the blame more convinc- ingly: "Power is a narcotic, a Fulbright, too, hopes for a potent intoxicant, and Ameri- revival of the United Nations, ca has been on a 'trip,' " If although his enthusiasm is more i ib rcumscr ed. By symbolizing anything, it is the unprofession- c al chaos of our Government the community of nations, the which has saved us from a U.N. can perhaps externalize worse fate. and reinforce the inner checks on undisciplined competitive- Mr. Yost carries his faith in ness,' necessary if powerful na- organizational- and apolitical tions are not to destroy them- solutions to a passionate plea selves. If the U.N. has not yet for world government. The mod- had much success, . Fulbright ern world, he says, is moving agrees, America, whose global too fast for the nation state, meddling has unilaterally It is hard not to see Yost's usurped the peacekeeping func- kind of internationalism as po- tion, bears much of the blame. litical scienc Fulbri fi ti ht h Th h f Ni c g e on. opes t at e rus- xon and tests of American foreign poll- cy. The long years of cold war trating exigencies of curbing Kissinger are at least turning power within a real nation are American policy away from militarized our political system to be escaped by leaping to and consolidated a dangerously some putative international universal interventionism to- bloated defense and foreign utopia. Thus many in Europe tionof a more national tinterests.CBut policy b liape apparatus. brought years, little have hoped to escape their in- the Senator hopes we might improvement. Each of the last tractable national problems by go beyond the amoral sterilities becoming good Europeans. But of traditional power politics three Presidents has unfortu- as Europe's evolution suggests, and return to the Wilsonian nately felt gifted in foreign at- nations usually need to come notion fairs. Our foreign policy has not to terms with themselves be- anon peace. aF organized Midid- only made serious mistakes fore . they can come to terms dle East ser him, theM- thereby, but grown dangerous- with their neighbors. American p presents a promising con- ly personal, secretive and lire- reformers would do well to opportunity for a world con- sponsible. Yost would drastic- i complain less about the ab- brrt to impose a amestal di al dif- ally reduce the National Securi- J stract evils of "nationalism" in ference sees erence between b a fetweenunddamen intervention n ty Council and the C.I.A.. ban- general, and keep their minds by one nation's arrogating the ish the military from diplomacy, on the aggressiveness of Amer- right to impose solutions on and center foreign policy ican foreign policy in particu- others, and intervention by the around the Secretary of State. lar. United Nations, acting as rep- The professional foreign serv- Senator Fulbright should of- resentative of the world com- ice would take the leading role fer considerable reassurance to munity and operating through for which Yost believes it alone those who fear that humanism powers granted by treaty for is properly trained. Congress, if and measure are vanishing the common good. it ever put its own house in from American politics. The Brian Urquhart's admirable order, could reassert its consti- book surveys American policy political biography, "Iiammar- tutional functions, in Asia, the Middle East and Europe and then focuses on the sh d, provides lavish in- More people are likely to sight t ino the possibilities of in- agree with Mr. Yost's criticism domestic costs and dangers to ternational organizations for of the substance and apparatus American democracy from our peacekeeping. The author, him- of our foreign policy than to permanent "low-grade crisis" self a senior international civil believe that more power to the over foreign affairs. According servant, and clearly synipathet- career foreign service would to Fulbright, Americans, going Ic to his subject, presents a bring decisive improvement. against the grain, have become Diplomatic professionals have a fearful and ungenerous pro- complex story weeping gene gene?- ple. Lulled b executive hasty and sweepinr- generatly been as mesmerized by 'glam- alizations. Harnmarskjoict came by the cold war as amateurs, our, or the pseudo-scientific houus-pocus of geopolitical office in 1953, searching for Somewhat surprisingly, 11r. political ex- a a new consensus to liberate Yost points to economic institu- perts, the public is too ready the U.N. from the cold war. lions like the GATT (General to sacrifice democratic re- Even within a world order based straints in specious einergen- on the sovereign equality of Gies. We need to regain our mistrust of power, our respect for law and parliamentary de- :C ontii ni Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2011/02/22 : CIA-RDP90-01208R000100010036-3