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December 22, 2016
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February 22, 2011
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May 21, 1981
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Ji STAT Viewpoinp by.Morton M. F1ondracke X -1, Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2011/02/22 : CIA-RDP90-01208R000100070020-4 T;?' -1LL S N ST JCU:PJ L 21 -Vay 1981 ForeignAffai --- ---- oua. n1. ~l1I ?,'same: me, -ow veer, we ave p main ai the arms. the intell! ence assets and the polit cal and economic?strengt to meet e competition. A parallel inconsistency in our policy to- Ward. the Soviets. governs American atti- `.: tudes on human rights. In one phase, we are Wilsonians, out to convert.the world to `democracy. In another phase, we are hard line realists,- ready to be friends with our. friends, even if they torture their own peo-: pie. We are obviously in this second phase right now, Secretary of State Haig having declared. that combating international ter- rorism (from -the left, he meant). has re- placed human rights as the chief preoccu-' pation of the American government. If foreign leaders wonder whether the United States knows what it wants in the world, it's not difficult :to understand why. From administration to administration and often within the same administration,., "'.We ci htinually bounce from one foreign policy stance. to an other, and from one emotional state to another,-with little con- ?f our long-term national inter ests. In one phase, our Presidents are for detente a'nd.may. be seen kissing Brezhnev .or declaring that a "generation. of peace". is :at hand. In -another phase, the Soviet Union is posing "the gravest ..threat. to peace since World War II," detente is a banned. word at the,White House and we are said (by Richard Nixoft, author'. of "generation of peace")-to be In the midst of World War. III, and losing. :Somehow, it's Impossible for our politicians to. develop.a consistent policy toward the Soviets that expresses the obvious:,We ? are adversary systems likely to be in a. ? state of sustained military, political, eco- nomic and ideological competition, but.. we have a common interest in not blowing up the World we live on and are ?sttvggling over. Hence, the U.S. needs to talk ,to the.. Soviets, , lessen the compe i ion where we Mill tar1z1.g The shift is apparent in many places, that he believes is even handed"application but. especially in Latin America. Every-, of human _.rights laws and in active, where that Jimmy Carter moralized, the _ if Rea9aa administration wants to militarize. Argentina's military government is respon- sible for between 3,000 and 20,000 "disap- !pearances" that are almost certainly mur- ders. It' is viciously anti-Semitic. It sells wheat . to the Soviet Union and refused to condemn the invasion of Afghanistan-' It has made a botch of its economy and may go to. war with neighboring Chile. Yet the' Re bga administratibn urged the liftin of tarian governments that are - of ~., guilty of hu- man rights . depredations. But the whol e world knows that Mr Lefever prev-'ciisly said-and was appointed after hat there was little the U.S. "can or should d " i to *advance human rights.-and that he fa `vored repeat : of :.existing human rights restrictions on (unneeded) U.S. rnilitaryr One does aid toArgentina.. not have to be a moralist to be -offended by administration policy. One can Chile, meanwhile, is responsible for the be a pragmatist: as well. The 'Lefever ap- t best-documented foreign .terrorist attack I pointment and "the indiscriminate militari .:.within the United States in recent history-- zation' of Latin' Ameri ca policy amount in the Washington car-bomb murder of Marx the political sphere to something this ad fist former_Ambassador Orlando Letelier-v1 ministration abhors. in the military sphere and yet. the Reagan administration 'has ".j un lateral disarmament. The American lifted export-import restrictions aogainst it reputation as a`defender of human r'ehts and.has let its navy back into 'allied ma was a useful, hard -earned asset. for the. neuvers. The _ U.S. may- well restore mill United States,- but 'the: Reagan, administra. `-' tary aid to Chile before long, especially if a lion is in the process of throwing it away.; threat from Argentina develops. There is no' question * that. the. United.. And in Central America, the adminis "States needs a strong anti-terrorism policy,. tration seems to be, seriously considering but we don't have to dispense with our hu- mah .restoration of military aid to Guatemala rights. Policy at the same time, In i even though that government (according to o fact, they ought. to. betw parts of the Amnesty International) has had .000 peo- " same policy. and we should add to them an a Apie- killed. within the lastye'ar, including 76 economic dimension, a revived, Alliance for top leaders of the moderate Christian Dem- . wogs Most of all, we should stick with ocratic party. Meanwhile, neighboring our policies from one,adminisfration to the I '.Costa Rica, a. traditional democracy, is in next, so that it's clear to the world how we a fiscal .and political crisis, but the intend to defend oursystem Reagan. and compete administration opposed Congress's move to with the Soviets: -with weapons; where-nec- grant balance-of-payments assistance 'It- essary; but* also bv' advanrina. vador, that U.S. economic aid is justified. The appointment of Ernest Lefever as 1 the State Department's human rights chief 'is the crowning . statement of administra- tion priorities. He may say now, to a Sen Fate commi'ttee' considering his noininatxon. IF Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2011/02/22 : CIA-RDP90-01208R000100070020-4