Document Type: 
Document Number (FOIA) /ESDN (CREST): 
Release Decision: 
Original Classification: 
Document Page Count: 
Document Creation Date: 
December 21, 2016
Document Release Date: 
June 3, 2008
Sequence Number: 
Case Number: 
Content Type: 
PDF icon CIA-RDP90-01226R000100040013-5.pdf663.92 KB
Approved For Release 2008/06/03: CIA-RDP90-01226R000100040013-5 munist International," official organ of the Executive Committee of the Comintern, enters upon a new phase in its expansion all over the world. The publishing of the "C. I." in this country marks a decisive step for- ward in the basic theoretical politi- cal education, of the revolutionary working class in the United States and reflects the advances made by the Communist Party of the U.S.A. during the past year. The "Communist International" now appears twice a month in Eng- lish, Russian, German, French, Chi- nese and Spanish; it is published in more different languages and at more widely distant points than any other Journal in the world,, as be- fits the organ of the international fighting working class. The editorial in No. 2 reviews the XVII Congress of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union, "the con- gress of victors, the congress of the construction of classless society." The magnificent achievements of the workers of the Soviet Union are graphically summarized in the fact that "on the eve of the first Five- Year Plan the U.S.S.R. occupied fifth place among the countries of the world. On the eve of the sec- ond Five-Year Plan, It had ad- vanced to third place in the world and second place In Europe." Comrade Stalin's analysis in dis- cussing the revolutionary situation throughout the world is a timely admonition to the Communist Parties: "A revolutionary crisis is matur- ing and will continue to mature. But the victory of the revolu- tion never comes by itself. It has to be prepared for and won. And only a strong proletarian revolu- tionary party can prepare for and win victory." An article on the "Revolutionary battles in Cuba" gives a concise summary of political events in the Yankee semi-colony since the rise of the Grau-Batista government. EE COMMIST ACTIVITIES FILES FILE NO. SOURCE : ............................................................................................ DATE : ..............._.............................................. ...................-- ....... "Once More About Work in the Reformist and Fascist Unions." by I. Magazine to Re` published in the U. S. Party of U. S. D Reviewed by LEONARD BUNS 1i1ITH the American publication of 1i Nos. 2 and 3, Vol. 11, the "Cem- Party of Poland discusses the re- cent exposure of agents-provoca- teur who had wormed their way into responsible posts within the Polish Party. The methods used by that Party in disclosing and getting rid of these provoeateurs within the ranks should be carefully studied by every Party member here in the United States as a vital part of our constant, ever-vigilant efforts to keep the Party ranks free of stool- pigeons and police spies. Comrade Richter furnishes an- other valuable article on "Questions Arising in Communist Parties in Going Over to Illegality." He makes the experience of the Ger- man Communist Party in its transi- tion from a legal mass party to a party working under difficult un- derground conditions against Fas- 01st terror available to the brother Communist Parties throughout the world. With the growth of terror- istic repression in the United States --see Imperial Valley, the Alabama sharecroppers, and the general tightening of police measures against Communist activity-ths Party members must devote consid- erable study to the problems facing the Party In building the apparatus and in the methods of work neces- sary for illegal activity. At 10 cents per issue and $2 for a year's subscription, the "Commu- nist International" is indispensable for every class-conscious worker. It is imperative that every Party or- ganization, beginning with the fac- tory nucleus, that all Workers' Schools. that every workers' club, make. the "Communist Interna- tional" a part of its regular peri- odical file for reading and study by its members. No proletarian library Is complete without this important current survey of revolutionary problems and the work of the Com- munist Parties all over the world. Spread the "Communist Interna- tional," popularize its contents, or- ganize discussion of the outstand- ing problems raised in each Issue_ make it part of our revolutionar' life here In the United States. I WHAT'S ON 3/0/ Comrade Piatnitsky of the E.C.C.I., I Friday question of the defects of Commu- nist work in the labor unions. Tak- ing concrete examples .from. the -ac- tivities of the Swedish, Polish, Ger- man and British Communist Par ties, Piatniteky points to'the Com- munists' ieneral failure ts conadi- DR. B. LIBER lectures on "American nd Soviet Health 'Work" at'Pretipeet >1r. p. M. 80"N.11. WOODRUPI' iectur ! 56 '1197 is Advances Made by the Communist uring Past Year" Approved For Release 2008/06/03: CIA-RDP90-01226R000100040013-5 Approved For Release 2008/06/03: CIA-RDP90-01226R000100040013-5 3/6/ EE COMMUNIST ACTIVITIES FILES ..............._...._...............~. FILE NO. SOURCE: DAILY WORKER (New York) National Edition o, Norman Thomas, Comhrn Has- N~-t / Changed its / Revolutionary Stand on mar, Licit " U I1 f~ S 1 4 By A. B. Magil /i ARTICLE I Norman Thomas is worried. The Seventh World Congress of the Communist International has left him gasping for air. And 'being a man who seems to do a lot of think- ing out loud, he spread his confusion over the last two Issues of the So- cialist Call, organ of the "Militants" in the Socialist Party. It may seen surprising for a man with Norman Thomas' record-es- pecially since the last meeting of the National Executive Committee of the S. P.-to say that the present Communist Party line is one of ex- treme opportunism" (Socialist Call, Aug. 10). But no more surprising than to find the New Leader, organ of the reactionary "Old Guard." criticizing the Communist Interna- tional from-believe it or not-the "left." The Peril of Fascism Because the confusion of Norman Thomas (who, incidentally, echoes many of the absurdities and distor- tions of the capitalist press) regard- ing the discussion at the Comintern Congress represents not his perplex- ity alone, but in all probability the cc.,iusion of a considerable portion of the Socialist Party membership, it is important to take up the issues which he 'raises in an effort to clarify them. The Seventh Congress of the Com- munist International meets in one of the most critical periods in the world's history. The triumph of fas- ;ism in Germany and the rapid growth of fascist tendencies in all ,apitalist countries, together with the imminent danger of a new im- perialist war, have placed before the masses of the world the question of immediate determined s t r u g g l e against the advancing force of war and fascism. At the same time the successful building of Socialism in the Soviet Union and the increas- ing influence of the Communist Parties in the capitalist countries are raising the perspective of the permanent way out for the masses of the people everywhere. The Comintern Congress is there- fore faced with the necessity of de- ieloping in the most concrete form ;hose policies and tactics that will ead both to the prevention of war nd fascism and to the triumph of the proletarian revolution. The Situation Today These policies and tactics are de- termined not only by the changed objective conditions since the Sixth World Congress: the economic crisis, the triumph of fascism in Germany and Austria, the enormous growth of the fascist and war danger in all capitalist c o u n t r i e s, the great strengthening of the Socialist for- tress of the Sovie ,,Unionrr and the emerging of Soviet`f lIIIia, but also by the altered re lations within the labor movement itself. In the past seven years millions of toilers have been drawn into ollowing Marx, Engels, Lenin, Communists An- alyze Each War Issue from Point of View of the Interests of Toilers of Whole World crisis has developed in the parties away, while in all Socialist Parties of the Second International. In a few cases, as in Japan and France, the extreme right wing has split a sharp differentiation is taking place, not only between the mem- bership and the top leadership, but within the leadership itself. The appeals of the Communist Interna- tional and the Individual Commu- nist Parties for the united front have crystalized the sentiment for united action among the members of the Socialist Parties, have led. to partial and local united fronts in practically all countries and in France to a united front on a na- tional scale on all issues imme- diately confronting the masses. The People's Front in France The altered relations within the labor movement have entered a new stage with the emergence in France of the anti-Fascist People's Front, a phenomenon of world-historic sig- nificance, pointing the path in all countries to?the successful struggle against fascism and war. It is against this background, in a world in which fascism and anti- fascism, war and anti-war are fight- ing desperately for mastery, that the Seventh Congress of the Com- munist International meets. Already the discussion at the congress shows that the Comintern has stood the test. The boldness of its decisions, the sureness with which it has grasped in all their complexity and diversity the tasks facing the masses of the world reveal once more that this is in truth the International of Lenin and Stalin, heir to the deathless traditions of Marx and Engels, a fighting, revolutionary In- ternational capable of combining the utmost flexibility of tactics with iron devotion to principle. Communists and War On the question of war: Norman Thomas seems to think that the Communist International has gone over to the chauvinist po- sition of the Socialist leaders in 1914. He is echoed by the Trotzky- ite and Lovestoneite renegades from Communism, who accompany their slanders with the big bass drum of "theoretical" pretense. "Apparently," writes Thomas in the Socialist Call of Aug. 3, "the Communists have g o n e o v e r whole-heartedly to the position that there may be good wars be- tween nations. This was precisely the position of the majority of Socialists in 1914, a posi'tiori wlrich the Communists have bitterly d4 cried." The Communists have X 'S held with Marx, Engels and Lenin that there may be "good wars" between nations. Such just and since 1917, wars for the defense of the Soviet Union. World War an Imperialist War The imperialist war of 1914-18, however, did not fall into any of these four types of progressive war, but was, on the contrary, as Lenin pointed out, a war "waged among the slave-holders for the strength- ening and consolidation of slavery." Here it was not a question of which side fired the first shot, but of the' aims of the two imperialist groups, which were equally preda- tory. The Socialist leaders, therefore, who as early as 1907, at the Stutt- gart Congress of the Second In- ternational, had solemnly pledged to utilize the crisis created by the expected war to work for the over- throw of capitalism, betrayed So- cialism when they voted war- funds, declared class truce and ac- tively supported their own bour- geoisie. The confusion of Norman Thomas and the slanders of the rene- gades from Communism center around a statement by Wilhelm Pieck in his report for the Execu- tive Committee of the Communist International at the opening of the congress. Pieck declared: "Should German fascism at- tempt to conquer the small Eu- ropean states, their war against fascism will be a righteous war which we will support." Lenin on the World War Does this mean that the Com- munist Internatinal has degener- ated into social-chauvinism as the T r o t z k y i t e s and Lovestoneites howl? By no means. On the con- trary, Pieck here applies concretely the teachings of Marx, Engels and Lenin regarding progressive wars. Even in the last war, in which two clearly defined imperialist groups came to grips, Lenin, who always thought concretely, instead of by abstract formula, saw interwined certain elements of progressive na- tional war. While denouncing the Socialist leaders who distorted the teachings rof Marx and Engels by defending one or the other group of the imperialist pirates, he de- clared: "The German imperialists shamelessly,violated Belgian neu- trality; this has always and everywhere been the practice of warring . nations which, in the case of necessity, trample upsn all treaties and obligations. Sup- pose all nations interested in maintaining international treaties declared war against Germ%.y, demanding the liberatiol slid indemnification - of Belgium. in THIS CASE THE SYMPATHY OF THE SOCIALISTS 'WOULD the war of Serbia against Austria was also a progressive war for na- tional liberation. Cannot Isolate Wars But, pointed out Lenin In both these instances, it is impossible to isolate these two progressive wars from the general reactionary im- perialist war. Belgium and Serbia are both pawns of the big im- perialist powers. He therefore came to the conclusion that to justify the war on the ground of the defense of Belgium and Serbia, is nothing but the vilest deception of the people. Is there any reason for supposing that today a war of Nazi Germany against some small European coun- try can be isolated? To answer this question let us ask ourselves concretely what form such a war would take. The war moves of Nazi Germany are di- rected primarily, as even capitalist observers admit, against the So- viet Union. Today no other coun- try is being aggressively threat- ened by the Nazis. Should Ger- man fascism, therefore, attack some small country, let us say, Latvia and Lithuania or Czecho- slovakia, which either border on or are close to the Soviet Union, it woulid only be the first step toward war against the Workers' Republic. The possibility of such a war is very real, and undoubtedly it was this possibility, and not the situa- tion of Belgium and Serbia in the last war, which Comrade Pieck had in mind. In such a war the Latvian or Lithuanian or Czecho- slovak Communists will be fighting both to defend the national inde- pendence of their country and to defend the Soviet Union. Revolutionary Position the Same No, Norman Thomas, the Com- munists have not abandoned their revolutionary positions. The slogan in all wars fought for imperialist predatory ends remains the slogan of Lenin and the Bolsheviks: transform the imperialist war into civil war for the overthrow of capitalism. The Communist Inter- national, speaking through Wil- helm Pieck, the comrade-in-arms of Liebknecht, Luxemburg and Thaelmann, shows that it is a living, revolutionary International, not by repeating generalized slogans, but by developing those concrete tactics that facilitate the struggle against war and, should it break( . oust, the transformation of impe- rialist war into civil war for the destruction of capitalism. Tomorrow's article: The' ques- tion of democracy, fascism and the united front- nation of the reply to Orman Thomas. WHAT'S O Philadelphia, ' 'struggle against the capitalist of- I progressive wars are wars for na- I NeSTURALLY BE ON THE SIDE AW O g~ ensve. Within thetra Approved For Release 2008/06/03 :CIA-RDP90-01226R000100040013-5 Approved For Release 2008/06/03: CIA-RDP90-01226R000100040013-5 New York Times STALINISTS PURGE SUBSIDIARY PARTY Principal Leaders of Young Communist League Are Ousted on Grave Charges GROUP CONTROL IS SET UP Woman Credited With Expos- ing 'Wreckers' and Shielders of 'Double-Dealers' !erred to in today's resolution as "comrades" caused a belief at first that they had not been arrested. Tonight however it was strongly rumored that they had been al- though this rumor, like most simi- lar ones here, cannot be verified. Those removed, besides Mr. Kos- aryeff, are S. Y. Hwgacheff, V. F. Pikina, P. A. Vershkoff and I. N. Belosludsyeff. They are accused of bureaucratic indifference to the welfare of the best young Commun- ists, of having protected elements who were "morally corrupt, invet- erate drunkards, aliens to the Com- munist party and Young Commun- ist League," and of having shielded "doubledealers." What further action may or may not be taken canot be told, but there is an ominous note in a Komsomol- skaya Pravda editorial today,/charg- ing that Mr. Kosaryeff and others for yeers shielded and connived with enemies working beside them and accusing them of ignoring in- dications of enemy work in Osoavia- khim, civilian air defense corps, whose former chief was General Robert P. Eideman, one of the eight generals shot as traitors in June, 1937. Then, speaking of enemies still lurking in the Young Communist organization, Komsomolskaya Prav- da says: "To expose and destroy enemies- that is the principal task without which it is impossible to count on straight living and further consoli- dating Young Communist ranks around the Bolshevik party-Com- rade Ctalin. He who forgets the party, the Soviet people and the lYoung Communist League." Woman Caused Inquiry 3101 NOV24 i9SR have been concerned in her expul- sion. Miss Mishakova protested to sev- eral Young Communist leaders, however, and when they turned deaf ears she appeared before the party's central committee. M. F. Skiryatoff, chairman of the party's central control committee, was as- signed to investigate. By HAROLD DENNY Wireless to THE NEW YORK TIMES. MOSCOW, Nov. 23.-The sum- mary removal of the five principal executives of the Young Commu- nist League, ranging down from Alexander V. Kosaryeff, the leader, was announced today following re- cent severe criticism of allegedly scandalous and anti-Soviet condi- tions in the league's leadership. In their place the league's central committee chose a new secretariat of four members and a governing bureau of seven, which includes these four new secretaries. This drastic shakeup, wnich, it is clearly indicated, will be followed by a renewed combing of the Young Communist organization for inimi- cal and unworthy elements, was taken at the instance of the "Stal- inist Central Committee of the Com- munist party." The Communist party is the parent organization of the Young Communist League, which is a training school and prov- ing ground for future party mem- bers and the Soviet regime's most important organ for molding the coming generation. Their Arrest Rumored The fact that Mr. Kosaryeff and his removed associates were re- The investigation that resulted in the shake-up appear to have been inspired by the persistence of a woman functionary in the Young Communist central committee-O. P. Mishakova, who is among those designated for the new secretariat., Incidentally, the new Young Corn-' munist leaders are little known to the general public. Miss Mishakova, who is said to have exposed public enemies who had penetrated into the Young Communist organization, was ex- pelled for her pains on the accusa- tions of enemies whom she had ex- posed. Mr. Vershkoff is alleged to Approved For Release 2008/06/03: CIA-RDP90-01226R000100040013-5 Approved For Release 2008/06/03: CIA-RDP90-01226R000100040013-5 NOV2,4 New York Herald-Tribune llF jOustedFromKomsomolPost Herald Tribune photo-Acine Alexander Koaareo Russian Youth League's Chief Ousted`by Girl Kosarev and 4 Others Lose Komsomol Posts as Olga Mishakova Takes Fight on Them to Party Heads By Joseph Barnes From the Herald Tribune Bureau Copyright, 1938, New York Tribune Inc. MOSCOW, Nov. 23.-The new broom promised to the Komsomol (Young Communist League) three days ago swept clean today with the formal removal of Alexander V. Kosarev, and four others from the leadership of Soviet Youth. N. A. Mikhailov, editor of the "Komsomol Pravda," which made the first pub- lic attack on Kosarev on Sunday, succeeds him as first secretary of the 5,000,000 organized Young Com- munists. It is now revealed that a girl, Olga MisfiakoVa, was the chief agent in Kosarev's downfall'. She was ex- pelled from the Komsomol Central Committee and received "severe punishment" after she had struggled vainly to persuade Kosare! to take action against "the enemies of the people" in the Chuvash Republic. She continued her struggle, carrying her case to the Communist party's Central Committee. Yesterday that body sent Matvei Shkiryatov, a for- mer tailor who joined the party in 1906 and has been its chief trouble- shooter in recent years, to report its findings to the Komsomol. The find- ings vindicated Miss Mishakova completely and revealed serious shortcomings in the Komsomol lead- ership. Kosarev and his assistants now are denounced as "politically bank- rupt and demoralized people." Be- sides having tried to demobilize active Komsomols by assurances that their house was now in order, Kosarev organized "orgies" with persons whose enemy activity now has been unmasked, it is charged. He is still called "Comrade," but to- day, at least, he is unemployed. Another Komsomol named Bur- kov, editor of the Komsomol news- paper at Ryazan, near Moscow, had his hands full of trouble today. A week ago the Communist party's Central Committee issued a power- ful decree calling for more and bet- ter political propaganda through the newspapers. Three days later, Com- rade Burkov devoted the political propaganda section of his newspa- per to an exposition of the laws of King Hammurabi of Babylonia, issued 2,000 years before Christ. With Bolshevik irony, the newspaper "Pravda" suggested today to him "propaganda on a more contempo- rary theme." Approved For Release 2008/06/03: CIA-RDP90-01226R000100040013-5 Approved For Release 2008/06/03: CIA-RDP90-01226R000100040013-5 Washington Herald Stalin's Civil War Plan' For World Revolution Told "Pretended" Moves for; , ?t.. ' Moscow Holds France Democracy and Peace Traced The f o''lowing article is reprinted from the London Times: The comintern, described in its official organ as the "gen- eral staff of world revolution," has been very busy of late and, there have been frequent signs that it is changing roles, not :or the first time, with the, Moscow foreign office and being raised at Al. Stalin's be- hest from a state of subsidiary importance. Formed on March 4, 1919, it filled its first few years, Zinovieff acting as its nurse, with loud challenges to every land in the fid determination to bring en JOSEF STALIN Camouflages Campaign As Most Vulnerable Of Nations unambiguously that the end here. as in Europe, is to cause and main- tain disorders, thereby undermin- ing existing authority. In China the united front has been firmly laid, it is claimed ostensibly, to combat Japanese aggression. Comimern is gaining strength in the Far East and is sure of ultimatum victory, with civil war in Japan as well as in China. They admit there are great dif- ficulties in working with Japan itself, but they are rallying ele- ments of discontent and are will- ing to make a united front with any existing or potential organiza- tion, no matter what its hue, if only it may serve to attract the masses and undermine order. An Example The most striking example of the Comintern's flexibility in this matter was given last May, when Moscow published an appeal to the Roman Catholic Church to join with the Comintern and make a united front to fight for re- ligious liberty in Germany, prom- ising in the name of Stalin him- self that a Soviet regime would guarantee every Catholic the right to "breathe freely and fight freely for his convictions." When Stalin felt the U. S. S. R. as a "Communist citadel" was made strong enough by the five- year-plan system, he reverted with fresh determination to the earlier Bolshevist mission of conducting the "world class war" and found men like Marshal Tukhachevsky, Generals Kork, Yakir and Ubore- vich in his path. The warning given by the shoot- ing of Zinovieff, Kameneff, Pya- takoff and others was unheeded by the army leaders, and Stalin began his drastic purge of the red army, openly called in Moscow the "backbone of the Comintern." He has since been striving to imbue it with the old Communist spirit. His "citadel" has thereby been weakened almost to the point of debility, but the risk had to be taken if he would cleanse it of elements alien to his world mis- sion. The purge was extended to em- brace a large variety of undesir- ables inside and outside the party at home and the sections of the party abroad, dubbed and damned with the convenient label of Trotskyist. con about a quick series of revolutions "socialists" under the banner of and establish a universal Soviet the "united popular front." regime. Adolescence culminated in' Friendly Nation the fierce program of 1928, con-'Host cluding with the words: "Let the dominating classes tremble!" France is regarded in Moscow Last Open Challenge This program, drawn up by Bukharin and published in several languages, was the last "open" challenge to all the countries of the world at a single bout. The new Soviet diplomacy forced the Comintern into a relatively furtive existence of masked activity, which led in 1934 to the crowning shame of having to condone, ap- prove, and explain the entry of Soviet Russia into the League of Nations. During this slide Stalin had se- as the most friendly nation. This friendship makes her the more vulnerable; the closer the friend- ship the better the opportunity for disintegrative attack. The "new orientation" of the comin- tern is devised for attacking friends and partners while march- ing together ostensibly in unity against Fascism, the common enemy. The Communist party of Poland is described as "one of the best sections of the comintern, though obliged to work deep under- ground." From available materials it appears, however, that Moscow considers the present moment in- cured for himself personally the "another Spain," as this would _Lorpmand of all things in Moscow, give Germany and the Soviet and since bt en the Comintern has had no openly proclaimed "presi- dent" but merely a staff of secre. taries and a "presidium," through whom Stalin, the tacitly recog- nized president, dictates comintern strategy and tactics in conformity with the requirements of his com- missariat of foreign affairs. Envisioned Citadel His guiding principle was that the five-year-plan system should turn the Soviet Union into a citadel, protected by the invincible red army, from which the general staff of world revolution would create and control "fronts" for civil war in "bourgeois countries." The present "adult" stage dates from entry into the league and from the seventh world congress of the comintern which assembled in Moscow a few months later ,(July-August, 1935). Union a common frontier and risk a major war with Russia as a principal. Outside Europe There is more variation in the program and methods applied to countries outside Europe. The Arabs are being urged by Comin- tern agitators toward the forma- tion of a "Pan-Arabian front" to fight for a "united Arabistan" and the abolition of "artificial fron- tieres" by means of which Britain and France have "torn the coun= try into bits. The comintern reports explain, This congress had accepted in- structions to mask the activities of the comintern, to discard the word "war" from the program in favor of the word "peace," to in- scribe the devices "fight for peace" and the "united front" on the Communist banner as the watch- words of the comintern. The word "socialism" was also adopted for use in public hence- forth in preference to the words comrr Approved For Release 2008/06/03: CIA-RDP90-01226R000100040013-5 to ~. Approved For Release 2008/06/03: CIA-RDP90-01226R000100040013-5 The congress passed a resolu- tion that the chief immediate task of the Comintern was to agitate for a "united popular front" in all countries. It was explained that this "new tactical orientation" merely meant new methods of fighting; that agitation for "the mass struggle against war must now be linked with reliance on State help from the Soviet Union and its mighty red army;" that operations in the different countries would hence. forth be directed through the com- munists of those countries; that leaders outside the Soviet Union who did not carry out the new tac- tics would be removed; and that if war broke out anywhere the de- vice "fight for peace" would be the most effective weapon for "turning war into civil war against the bouregoisie," the ob- ject for which the Comintern sec tions must strive. Stalin and 18, others were "elected" to com- pose the presidium of the execu- tive committee of the Comintern and Dimitroff confirmed as its secretary-general. Begin on Democrats This insidious plan was now put into universal practice by the non-I Russian leaders sent home with instructions from Moscow. Though) "Fascism" was held up as the arch. enemy, the chief subversive ac- tivity was prescribed for the "democratic" countries, hope be -~ ing given up for the time being in Germany, Japan and Italy. France, Spain and Austria were, expected to yield the best early fruit. Paris had already been made the European center of the Comintern, the capital from which revolutionary matter could be launched without ostensibly com- promising Moscow. A "united front" had already been formally established in France. Now, with Paris as its point d'appui, the Comintern engineered the out- break of civil war in Spain. No secret was made of this achievement in Russia. Spaniards were brought to Moscow in great numbers, trained in the art of civil war. then sent back as leaders to put their training into practice with the aid of non-Communist Approved For Release 2008/06/03: CIA-RDP90-01226R000100040013-5