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December 21, 2016
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June 10, 2008
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Approved For Release 2008/06/10 :CIA-RDP90-012268000100120005-5 COPY' ~`D: SS Compared .__._~._ SO tIFtCE t HF~ YQR~ A1~~A IC AN, APRIL 16, 1433. RU9SIA CAIQNOT RAIN COI~~"~,Tt~I~TIC , II' `l~ORlC~R~ ELSE~tH~RE A? AtOT AID - TROT2~Y Former Leader Guarded in Ezils on 1"rotzk Exile Sov Bader, 1n an n erv err w er ce s or It was my ~?d fortune to spend thr?s weeks with Leon Aavidowioh Trotsky. For this privilege I war willing to travel the siz thousand miles from view York Gity to Turkey. From Istanbul, Z made the last lap in a little stea~aer that railed out of the Holden Horn t? the island of Buyuk Ada (Prinkipo} in the Sea of ~!armora. There, facing the sea, Surrounded by a high wall, wee the house of Trotsky. I went to the gate. A swarthy Turkish special officer barred mY way. The illusion of "vacation" at once evaporated. Thin was not "vacation," but ezile, and not only ezils, but fail. Ths prisoner could walk about, he could take his boat and fish, but always with the officers at h1s side. Tr+ctzky rents a large, pleasant two..storied house. On the aground floor are the living quarters of those com- rades who aid him, and ?f the cook, a pleasant Qerman women. Abpve ass the quarters of his immediate family (including his wife and grandson} and his oftiee, library end study. I was tnkert into the study where Trotsky was wc~king on the second volume of his "Hi story of th s kussian Revolu- tion." `hat I sae was astrongly-built, stocky, medium- sised figure of b3 or se}, Exile apparently has not withered his strength, even though the climate ha a g:.ven him the malaria from which he suffered intensely in sot weather and though he is on a diet due to stcunaoh trouble. SYE3 ~3~tAP Trotsky Is Combination of E3raoe and Strength His familiar think mane ai' hair, formerly het black, i? now str?aked with gray. But his eyes still asap behind the Approved For Release 2008/06/10 :CIA-RDP90-012268000100120005-5 Approved For Release 2008/06/10: CIA-RDP90-012268000100120005-5 the thick glasses, and his fir~a features hold all their aggressiveness. The strong, weli?shaped hands, broad beak, graceful carriage, healthy, glowing tanned. skin, the brilliant smile that illmaines all his features, every- thing about Trotxky ,suggests a vombination of grace and strength, of brilliance and reserve, of biting hum?r and r~slentless determination. He speaks slowly and ~3eefsively, like his written style, compact with thought, e~ztd eaintillating with striking phrases. "The style is then man" indeed. Trotxky showed ,n tremendous catholicity of views. ~e talked of China, India, Gerffiany, Ite~ly, Spain, America, Russia, the Alsgro question, the labor party question in ,~merica, the world eoonomie crisis, the ~-ersonal traits of the leadlntx Bofors on the ~~uropean political stage today, literature, military tactics; on ell these questions Trotxk showed himself a broadly informed can with unusua~ penetrstion. I asked him: "ghat do you think oP the C#erman sltuation? "To me, ~~ Trotxky replied, "Geraany is the key to the lnternetionel situation. Let us look at the East - Japan will not attack Russia imaaediately. Ia Asia things go more slowly. Japan will have hQr hands full for a while with Manchuria, whilh can well become for her wha t Morocco was to the Spanish dynasty. "Besides, Japan has far too Bauch respect for the new Red Army of Russin to try war without a guarsnty from the pest. "The t9est is decisive. If the worlfl is to turn Coamiunist it must Dome from the oontradictioas in the pest. And the key to the Test, to kurope, lies in aermaany.^ "In the fade of these conditions, it is disturbing to find that all working class revolutions in Germany here been defeated, that the Communist party does not grow, and, tv sap it all, a great growth of Fascia is taking pleas under the direction of Hitler's Maxis." "ghat do you consider the reason for this growth of Fascism?" I asked. "11ad what will become of it?" "Ritlar in power ,ef,gnifies t~;e actwl massacre of the Communists end th?ir virtual elimination, together with the destruction, ?f the t3ernan trade unions. "Such developruents out down the Communist parties everywhere. They remove the greatest obstacle to a world war against Soviet Russia namely, the resistance of the organized international working class. P~I?IC TS Approved For Release 2008/06/10: CIA-RDP90-012268000100120005-5 Approved For Release 2008/06/10 :CIA-RDP90-012268000100120005-5 -$~ PRI~b IC TS United. 5tatea-l9kwiet Conflict "soviet Russia cannot remain indei'initely t34ststunist if the workers elsewhere cannot aid it, despite the inter- nal strength of Russia, fcrtified by the fife-year plan." I questioned Trotsky as to his opinions on erice+. "Ameriaa," he said, "is the great reserve of world capitalism. The United States is the irary ?ntitresis of the ~-Quiet Union az~d soon~o-r or later these two tit~.:~s must come to a life-and-death grip. "This, of soursa, dose not prevent thew from having many thing8 temporarily in comsion, as the hostility to Japan's Manchurian adventure, the absence of bath the United Mates and the soviet Union from the League of Kations, amd the trade and technical relatians between amsrica and Russia showed. "For America has to fight not only Russia, but the British l~mpire and the attempt to organize a ~1Aited ;fates of $urope against the pow?r of ~uaerica. As capitalist Europe had striven to 'Asericanize' itself industrially, ao ~erice will become ''~uropeanized' politically." "ltnd what chance is there for a strong Cozasunist party in the U. ~. .A.?" I queried. "There is no doubt in my xind," was his answer, "that now in the tTnited Mates glass lines will have to be openly recognimed and amass workers` party emerge. CR~E So Trotsky Characterizes tT. ~. Communist Party ""~>hether e~aah a Harty will take the form of a labor party, in the ~:nglish sense, ar the mass growth of a 9oaialist or Gom~aun3at party or some unique combination, it 1 s difficult to asy, but i t is quite certain that whether in the worst period of the crisis, or when a possible upturn takes plane, such a class politics will arise. "But your.aooial i st and Communist movements are the worst of sny," he "There is no 8oofalist party io corrupt as the American one, no Comeeuniet part~r w crude as the Communist party of the tTnited States, and no `Right iYing` group of Communists so crassly opportunist ?s the American. i~ut the leaders of these elements will be pushed aside by the virile working ale ss moveme me that are ~~ousd to arise. "8hould ~- Labor party be organized by such a sponta- neously arising working class movement it is the duty of the Communists, even if they have to ,loin it, constantly to criticize it and expose its limitedness. "0n Approved For Release 2008/06/10 :CIA-RDP90-012268000100120005-5 Approved For Release 2008/06/10 :CIA-RDP90-012268000100120005-5 "On no aoaouat must the Co~unista help to organize a Labcar pang,- but must build a Communist party in oppv+si Lion tv i t. " It is eTident that Trvtzkq'~s gears of exile ana imprisonment hers not Impaired him in the least. I have sees hi~~ at work from earlg morning till late at night. ~+e haTe Bane fishing together at 3 in the morn- ing and I haTe seen him retire the same eTening only at 11 yr 18 o'olock. Fishing now is his greet hobb~r. And to fie?+ with Trvtzky la in itself great sport. TC-"watch him ounningly creep up on the places where hs thought Fish might eboun~ end deftly spread the Hate around, to see him seize the rvcke preTimusly oolleated in the boat and hurl them in the water, driving the i'ish into the Hate, to see his eyes sparkle sad his enthusiasm grow as the nets would be brought up loaded with beautiful specimens; to share his humor as the fish were picked from the net anu collevt?d and to enjoy with hin the fish caught that day +~t the dinner table - this was a plsasur+~ indeed. Svmetime~ the fishing was not so good. Then Trvtxky's tape would reflect this great Failure vt man against nature. we would stay out all ffivrniag. Natalia, h!e wife, would grow ana~iaus end send the outboard motor boat (ot Amerisan make} attar us with breakfast and sometimes with dinner. ~~e would set bread end cheese and perhaps an egg on the boat and ~o on tisriing. Trotsky indeed is ~n inTeterate fisherman, going out in all kinds of weather, mush to the worry of alI ?t ua and to the discomfort of t~fs police guards, eapeolally once, when a storm coming up on the Sea of ~ar~ra droTe the little rowboat on the rocks ~rhere 'Trot2ky was stranded and drenched all night. Trotsky Fishes in X11 Kinds of Mather. zioweTer, fishing cannot quite take the place of hunting, a sport which Trotsky misses. Re is a Tery good shot. Once, laughingly, ~;.e pointed out hcrw dif'tiault it was to ah?ot wild ducks with. a plat?l, ,end then, seeing one riding; the waTea-tar from us, tried to get it Keith his automatic Ths duck start?d duakin~r when Trotsky began to cahoot. It is wail that Trotsky knows how to shoot, for he m?q be called upon to use that art. Tens of thousands of ollt Russian '~hite Guards reside in Iat~~nbu1, many of whvw l~equent 8uyuk &da. As we ~o fishing, anxiously ~Ne scan the shots without letting t~ze "Qld flan" know of it, to see it there is aotr~a- one lurking in the woods to take a shot. Approved For Release 2008/06/10 :CIA-RDP90-012268000100120005-5 Approved For Release 2008/06/10 :CIA-RDP90-012268000100120005-5 As ws eat, someone patrols the grouAde~; a guard is kept all :night r~atching the plea?; but errert these prea~autions eenaot be very effevtiTe. ~~hat could a little guard oi' tY~ree men do if t re?l attack ~+ere made'? And there is no question that with his de?th a truly greet man woula leave the Beane. Copyright, 1fl:33, by ~. *. ~.nleri?an, Inc. Approved For Release 2008/06/10 :CIA-RDP90-012268000100120005-5