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December 21, 2016
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June 10, 2008
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Approved For Release 2008/06/10: CIA-RDP90-01226R000100120007-3 COPY - ?L,: S Compared rw..r.rr.. sOtT CP: TORE A' RICAN, APR I T. 15 0 1933. RUSSIA C 4NNOT MAIN CO YUN1 TIC , If ORii R$ EL:. RWHTR , DO NOT AID - T tC T?ZY former Leader Cu?erded in Exile .rr~r r ^ i i o , 11 sov a Loads A.. or 'e o .Y\WO~Y1 rr ~M4 r.rr f~rrr~ was my good fortune to spend three weeks with Loon Devidowich Pratzky. For this privilege I was willing to travel the six thousand miles from New York City to Turkey. From Istanbul, I made the last lap in a little steamer that sailed out of the Golden Horn to the island of Ruyuk Ads (Prinkipo) in the Sea of Wormers. There, facing the sea, surrounded by a high well, was the house of Trotsky. I went to the gets. A swarthy Turkish spesial officer barred my way. The illusion of "vacation" at once evaporated. 't'his was not "vacation," but exile, and not only exile, but jail. The prisoner could walk about, he could take his boat and fish, but always with the officers at his side. Trotsky rents a large, pleasant two-storied house. On the ground floor are the living quarters of those com- rades sho aid him, and of the cook, a pleasant German women. Above are trio quarters of his immediate family (including his wife and graandson) and his office, library and study. I was taken into the study where Trotsky was working on the second volume of his "History of the Russian Revolu- tion." 's'hat I as* was a strongly-built, stocky, medium- sized figure of 53 or so. g=ile apparently has not withered his strength, even though the climate has given him, the malaria from which he suffered intensely in hot weather and though he is on a diet due to stomach trouble. Trotsky Is Combination of freer and strength His familiar think mane of heir, formerly jet black, is now streaked with gray. But his eyes still snap behind the Approved For Release 2008/06/10: CIA-RDP90-01226R000100120007-3 Approved For Release 2008/06/10: CIA-RDP90-01226R000100120007-3 the thick glasses, and his firm features hold all their aggressiveness. The strong, well-shaped hands, broad book, graceful carriage, healthy, glowing tanned skin, the brilliant smile that iiltaines all his features, every- thing shout Trotzky suggests a combination of grace and strength, of brilliance and reserve, of biting humor and relentless determination. 'e spooks slowly and decisively, like his written style, compact with thought, and aeointiliating with striking rhreses. "The style is the man" Indeed. '''rotaky showed a tremendous catholicity of views. We talked of China, India, Germany, Itr~ly, Spain, America, Russia, the Negro question, the labor party question in .aeries, the world economic crisis, the Personal traits of the leading motors on the European political etas* today, literature, military tactics; an all these questions Trotzky showed himself a broadly informed man with unusual penetration. I asked him: "Whet do you think of the German situation? "TO me, 'i'rotzky replied, "Germany is the key to the interns tional situation. Lot us look at the .ast - Japan will not attack tsussia immediately. In Asia things go more slowly. Japan will have her hands full for a while with tfenchuria, which can well become for her what t',Oroeco was to the Spanish dynasty. "Besides, Japan has far too such respect for the new had Army of Russia to try war without a guaranty from the West. "The West is decisive. If the world is to turn communist it must some from the contradictions in the West. And the key to the West, to Trope, lies in Germany." "In the face of these conditions, it is disturbing to find that all working also* revolutions in Germany have been defeated, that the Communist party does not grow, and, to cap it all, a great growth of Fascism is taking place under the direction of Fitler's Nazis." "What do you consider the reeaerr n for this growth of Fascism?" I asked. "And what will become of it"" "Ritler in power s:nifies %b* actual mas>acra of the Communists and their virtual elimination, together with the destruction of the Garman trade unions. "etch developments out down the Communist parties everywhere. They remove the greatest obstacle to a world war against Soviet Russia - namely, the resistance of the organized international working class. I'R :DICTS Approved For Release 2008/06/10: CIA-RDP90-01226R000100120007-3 Approved For Release 2008/06/10: CIA-RDP90-01226R000100120007-3 t 1C T19 United States-"Viet Conflict ":soviet Russia cannot remain inde 'initely commaist if the workero elrewP.,ere cannot aid it, despite the Inter- nal strength of Russia, fortified by the five-year plan." I questioned Protzky as to his Opinions on America. "America," he said p "is the great reserve of world capitalism. The United w tates is the very antithesia of t?e :`evict Union end sooner or later these two titans must some to a life-and-death grip. *This, of course, does not prevent them from having many things temporarily in common, as the hostility to Japan*s Wanohurien adventure, the absence of both the United States and the soviet Onion from the League of Nations, and the trade and technical relations between America and ussia showed. "For . aeriea has to fight not only Russia, but the British Aire and the attempt to organize a United 3tates of Europe against the power of America. As capitalist kurope had striven to 'Americanize' itself industrially, so America will become '1turopeanized' politically." "And what chance is there for a strong Communist party in the V. S. I.?" I queried. "There is no doubt in my aind," was his answer, "that now In the inited Mates class lines will have to be openly recognized and a mass workers' party emerge. CRUrIF So Trotsky Characterizes T. S. Communist Party "Whether ouch a r arty will take the form of a labor party, in the English sense, or the mass growth of a Socialist or Coamuniot party or some unique combination, it is difficult to say, but it is quite certain that whether In the worst period of the crisis, or when a possible upturn takes place, such a class politics will arise. "But your w,oeialist and Communist movements are the worst of any," he exclaimed. "There is no Socialist party corrupt as the American one, no Communist party so crude as the Communist party of the United States, and no 'Right Ring' group of Communists so crassly opportunist as the American. r3ut the leaders of these elements will be pushed aside by the virile working class movements that are bound to arise. "Should a Labor party be organized by such a sponta- neously arising working class movement it is the duty of the Communists, even If they have to join it, constantly to criticize it and expose its limitedness. Approved For Release 2008/06/10: CIA-RDP90-01226R000100120007-3 Approved For Release 2008/06/10: CIA-RDP90-01226R000100120007-3 "on no account must the communists help to organize a Labor party, but must build a Communist party in opposition to It." it is evident that Trotzky'e years of exile end imprisonment have not Impaired him in the least. I have seen hi- at work from early morning till late at night. we have gone fishing together at 3 In the morn- ing and T have seen him retire the same evening -only at 11 or 12 o'clock. Fishing now is his great hobby. i,nd to fish with Trotsky is in itself great sport. To watch him cunningly creep up on the places where he thought fish might ahoune and deftly arread the nets around, to see him seise the rooks previously collected in the boat and hurl them in the water, driving the fish into the note; to see his eyes sparkle and his enthusiasm grow as the nets would be brought up loaded with beautiful erecimene; to share his humor as the fish were picked from the net and collected and to enjoy with his the flab caught that day at the dinner table - this was a pleasure indeed. sometimest the fiehine, was not so good. Then Trotsky's face would reflect this great failure of man against nature. 'e would stay out all morning. Natalie, his wife, would grow anxious and send the outboard motor boat (of meriean make) after tan with breakfast and sometimes with dinner. he would ect bread and cheese and perhaps an egg on the boat and go on fishing. Trotsky indeed is en inveterate fisherman, going out in all kinds of weather, much to the worry of all of us and to the discomfort of t o police guards, especially once, when a storm coming up on the Sea of Marmora drove the little rowboat on the rocks where Trotsky was stranded and drenched all night. Trotsky Fishes in All Kinds of 'eatheer. However, fishing cannot quite take the places of hunting, a sport which Trotsky misses. ?e is a very good shot. Once, laug'-ingly, he pointed out how difficult it was to shoot wild ducks with a pistol,. and then, seeing one riding the waves far from us, tried to get it with his automatic The duck started ducking when Trotsky began to shoot. it is well that Trotsky, knows how to shoot, for he may be called upon to use that art. Tens of thousands of old Russian hits Guards reside in Iet