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December 21, 2016
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June 10, 2008
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Approved For Release 2008/06/10: CIA-RDP90-01226R000100120009-1 COPT -cts Compared Mit YORK !CA, APR ' 16, 1q33. RUSSIA C1NNOT REWAIN COMM( L.TIC, Tr ELLZIMERY. DC NOT It - TRCT7,ET ?ors' r ksderC4axded in Exile It was my good fortune to spend three weeks with Leon Devidowieh Trotsky. For this privilege T wee willing to travel the six thousand miles fro* New York City to Turkey. From Istanbul. I made the last lap in a little steamer that sailed out of the Oolden Horn to the island of 9uyuk A a (Prink! ) in the tea of Varmora. There, facing the as., surrounded by * high well, wes the house of Trotsky. I went to the gate. A swarthy Turkish sposiel officer barred ay way. The illusion of 'vaeation was not "vacation," but exile, jail. The prisoner eould walk boat and fish, but alweye with at once evaporsted. This an not only exile but about, he eould take his the animal's at his side. Trotsky rents a lime, pleasant two-storied house. On the ground floor are the living quarters of those com- rades/who aid hi%, and of the Gook, a pleasant Gorman woman. Above ars tuo querters of his immediate family (ineludinr his wife srt grandson) and his office, library end study. I was taken into the study where Trotsky was working on the seeond volume of his 91stcry of the Russian Revolu- tion." -lost I few wee 4 strongly-built, stocky, medium- silted figure of 6a or So. Exile apparently has not withered his strength, even though the ?limas his given him the malaria from which he suffered intensely in hot weather and though he is on a diet due to stoaaeh trouble. FTES SNAP Trotsky Is Combination or after and Strength R s familiar thick mane of hair, formerly jet ilack, is now streaked with gray. Rut his eyes still snap behind the Approved For Release 2008/06/10: CIA-RDP90-01226R000100120009-1 Approved For Release 2008/06/10: CIA-RDP90-01226R000100120009-1 the thick las,ea, and his es hold all their aggressiveness. The strong plod bands, broad beak, glassful carriage, healthy, glowing tanned skin, the brilliant smile that illumines s his features), every- thing shout Trotzky euggests a eombination of grace and strength, of 'willies'se end reserve of biting humor and relentless determination. Pe speaks slowly and deelailely, like iis arit en ?t le, **upset with thought, and teintillating with striking rhreses. The style is the man' indeed. Trotzky showed a tremendous catholicity of views. 4 talked of China, India, Cernany, Ttely, petr, 4neries, Pussia, ta regro question, the labor party- question in Aseries, the world econosie crisis, the nersonil traits of the leading toter* on the fAmopeon polities' stage . today, literature, military %Wilts: on all these questions Trotzky showed himself a broadly informed men with unusue% penetration. I larked him: "'That do you think of the Cernan itustion? "TO me, Trotzky rep ed. Oormany is the key to the international ritustior Lvt us look at the 7ast - Japan will not attach quasi* immediately. In Asia things go more slowly. Japan will have her hands full for ? while with lenehuria, which can well become for her 'dot 'orosioo was to the Swish dynasty. "Monides, Japan has far too such reereet for the new Asid 4rmy of ussia to try war without a guaranty from the gest. "The West is decisive,. If the world is to turn Communist it suet epee frost the eontradietions in the 'est. And the key to the west, to 7.urope, lies in Germany.' "In the fees of Vito* conditlon, it is disturbing to find that all working *loss revolution, in Germany have boon defeated, that the Communist tarty does not grow, and, to sap it all, a greet growth of !fuels* is takinn pleee under the direction of itler's Nazis." "thet do you consider the reason for this growth of Fesciam7" I asked. And what will bosom, of it!'" "Hitler In power elgnifies te ostual masheere of the Communists and their virtual elimination, together with the destruction of the Germain trade unions. "Such devolonmeuts cut down the Communist parties everywhere. They remove the greatest obstacle to a world war against :'-oviet ;Tussle - !wisely, the resistance of the organized international working class. TRzu Approved For Release 2008/06/10: CIA-RDP90-01226R000100120009-1 Approved For Release 2008/06/10: CIA-RDP90-01226R000100120009-1 FREI:ICTS '%tted :As es-Boviet Confliet "soviet Russia cannot reasin lode initely Communist if the workers elsewhere cannot aid it, despite the inter- nal strength of Puss's, fortified by the five-year plan. I questionod Trotzky as to his opinions on 41402110a. "aeries," he said, "is the great reserve of world capitalism. The ;Initial ;:itates is the very antithesis of The :oviet Union end sooner or later these two titans must come to a life-and-death grip. "This, of course, does not prevent them from having many things twnporerily In common, as the hostilit Japan's Vancturian adventure, the absence Of both nited States and the -oviet nion from the LOWAO of Nations, and the trade and technical relations between i.merlea and 7ussia showed. "Yor !merlea baa to fight not only Russia, but the F;ritieh 'Afare and the etteart to organise a United 0tstes of Europe against the rower of Amer's*. As eapitalist loarope had striven to 'Anorieatise itself irdustrisliy, so Ameriev vill become '7uropeentsed? politically." "And whet change is there for a strong Communist party in the 7. P, I.?" 1 queried. There is no douht in my mine," now in the isited titatea class lines reeognieed and a mass worker.' party CRUIF was his answer, "that will have to be openly emerge. So Trotsky clurecterizes' Communiet Party '-,,hether tNeh e narty will take the fors of a labor party, In the 11nglizh sense, or the mass growth of a :.'oeiallet or Communipt perty or some unique eombination It is difficult to say, but it is quite certain that whether in the worst period of the crisis, or when a Possible upturn takes plea*, such a class polities will arise. "But your .,ocialist and Co waist movements are the worst of any, he exclaimed. There is no boeislist party so corrupt as the Amerieen one, MO Communist party so crude as the Communist party of the United States, and no 'Right 'king' group of Communists so Grossly opportunist as the Amorists. 3ut the leaers of these elements will be -ushed aside by the virile working oleos movements that are ound to arise. "hould a neously arising the Commanistes to criticise it abor party be organized by such a ?ponts- .orkiq class movement it is the duty of even if they have to join it, constantly and expose its limitedness. Approved For Release 2008/06/10: CIA-RDP90-01226R000100120009-1 Approved For Release 2008/06/10: CIA-RDP90-01226R000100120009-1 On no aecount must the CommuniCts help to organize a Labor party, but must build ? Communist party in opposition to it. It is evident that Trotsky's years of exile end imprisonment have not impaired him in the least. I have soon hl at work from early morning till late at night. we have gone fishing together at 3 in the morn- Lag and I have seen him retire the same evening only at 11 or 12 o'clock. Fishing now is hie great hobby. And to fish with Trotsky is in itself great sport. TO watoh him cunningly creep up on the places where he thought fish might abounc and daftly arreed the nets around, to see him seize the rocks previously collected in the boat and hurl thou in the wailer, driving the fish into the nets; to se. his eyes sparkle and his onthuslasm grow as the nets would be brought up loaded with beautiful srocimens; to *hare his humor as the fish were picked from the net sad collected and to enjoy with him tilt fish caught that day at the dinner table - this was a pleasure indeed. &ometimee the fishing was not so good. Then Trotsky's face would Wiest this great failure of man against nature. re would stay out all morning. Natalia, his wife, would grow anxious and send the outboard motor boat (of imorlean make) after us with breakfast and sometimes with dinner. ,Le would stet breed end cheese and perhaps en egg on the ?)oat end go or fishing. Trotsky indeed Le ton inveterate fisherman, going out in all kinds of weather, mush to the worry of all of us and to the discomfort of tLe pollee guards, ospeelally once when a storm coming up on the soa of Marmora drove the littlo rowboat on the rocks when' Trotsky was stranded and drenched ell night. AT Trotsky fishes in All Kinds of Teather. However, fishing Cannot quite take the ploce of bunting, a sport which Trotzky misees. Re is a very good shot. Once, laucel.ngly, pointed out how difficult it was to shoot wild dueks with a r,istol, and then, seeing one riding the waves far from us, tried to get it with his automatic The duok started ducking when Trotsky began to shoot. It is well that Trotzky knows how to shoot, for he may be c lied upon to use that art. Tans of thousands of old !'wasien Mit. Guards reside in Istp,nbul, many of whoa frequent t'uyuk Ada. AS we g0 fishing, anxiously we seen the shore without lotting the "Old Man" know of it, to see if there is some- one lurking in the woods to take a shot. AS Approved For Release 2008/06/10: CIA-RDP90-01226R000100120009-1 Approved For Release 2008/06/10: CIA-RDP90-01226R000100120009-1 II re eit, someone pstrol.. the grounds; a Is kept all ntgrt watching the place; but even t presnutiont sennot be very effective. rbet sou little guard of three man do if a real atteek were And there is no question thet with bis death a truly greet an sotald leave the seen.. Co right, 1943, by V. erlean, Inc. Approved For Release 2008/06/10: CIA-RDP90-01226R000100120009-1