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December 22, 2016
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June 12, 2012
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February 20, 1986
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Declassified in Part - Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2012/06/12 : CIA-RDP90BO139OR000500590027-2 Iq Next 1 Page(s) In Document Denied STAT Declassified in Part - Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2012/06/12 : CIA-RDP90BO139OR000500590027-2 Declassified in Part - Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2012/06/12 : CIA-RDP90BO139OR000500590027-2 EDWARD M. KENNEDY MASSACHUSETTS '1 CnUeb Zf of ez Zenaf e February 10, 1986 Senator Dave Durenberger Chairman Senate Select Committee on Intelligence United States Senate I am writing to request the assistance of your Committee on a matter of importance to me personally but also of some importance to the United States Senate as an institution. The purpose of this letter is respectfully to re- quest the Senate Select Committee on Intelligence, after reviewing the available information, to report to the Senate about the Chilean Government's responsibility for and involvement in the planning and organizing of demon- strations that occurred in Santiago, Chile at the time of my trip to that country on January 15-16, 1986. If it is necessary to classify this report, I would be grateful if the Committee would also issue an unclassified summary of conclusions reporting the degree of the involvement of the Chilean Government -- if any -- in organizing these demonstrations. Thank you for your help on this. Very truly, Edward M. Kennedy Declassified in Part - Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2012/06/12 : CIA-RDP90BO139OR000500590027-2 Declassified in Part - Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2012/06/12 : CIA-RDP90BO139OR000500590027-2 8..768 CONGRESSIONAL RECORD - SENATE change in the location of the closed hearing previously scheduled before the Committee on Energy and Natural Resources on Thursday, February 27, at 10 a.m: The hearing will take place in room SH-219 of the Senate Hart Office Building in Washington, DC. The purpose of the hearing is to re- ceive a briefing with respect to negoti- ations on Micronesian status. For further information, please con- tact Jim Beirne at (202) 224-2564. AUTHORITY FOR COMMITTEES TO MEET SUBCOIOOTTEE ON STRATEGIC AND THIATaI NUCLEAR FORCES Mr. DANFORTH. Mr. President, I ask unanimous consent that the Sub- committee on Strategic and Theater Nuclear Forces, of the Committee on Armed Services be authorized to meet during the session of the Senate on Thursday, January 30, 1986, in order to conduct a hearing on antitactical ballistic missile defenses. The PRESIDING OFFICER. With- out objection. it is so ordered. SQ.BCr COIOOTTU< ON INTELLIGENCE Mr. DANFORTH. Mr. President, I ask unanimous consent that the Select Committee on Intelligence be author- ized to meet during the session of the Senate on Thursday, January 30, 1986, in closed executive session, in order to receive an intelligence briefing. The PRESIDING OFFICER. With- out objection, it is so ordered. SUBCOMMITTEE ON PUBLIC LANDS. RESERVED WATER, AND RESOURCES CONSERVATION Mr. DANFORTH. Mr. President, I ask unanimous consent that the Sub- committee on Public Lands, Reserved Water, and Resource Conservation of the Committee on Energy and Natural Resources be authorized to meet during the session of the Senate on Thursday, January 30. to hold a hear- ing on Senate Joint Resolution 221 and House companion House Joint Resolution 382, to authorize the con- tinued use of certain lands within the Sequoia National Park by portions of an existing hydroelectric project and H.R. 3851, to amend section 901 of the Alaska National Interest Lands Con- servation Act. The PRESIDING OFFICER. With- out objection, it is so ordered. COMMITTIE ON AGRICULTURE, NUTRITION. AND FORESTRY Mr. DANFORTH. Mr. .President, I ask unanimous consent that the Com- mittee on Agriculture, Nutrition, and Forestry be authorized to meet during the session of the Senate on Thursday, January 30, 1986, in order to receive testimony on the Farmers Home Ad- ministration loan servicing regulations and a General Accounting Office report on FmHA's farm loan portfolio. The PRESIDING OFFICER. With- out objection, it is so ordered. THE CHILEAN HUMAN RIGHTS COMMISSION ? Mr. DURENBERGER. Mr. Presi- dent, the Chilean Human Rights Com- mission was founded in 1978 by Dr. Jaime Castillo and other prominent Chileans from various fields seeking a secular human rights organization to monitor violations of human rights and to work to restore the rights guar- anteed in the international human rights treaties that Chile has signed. Since its founding, and despite the many obstacles placed in its path by Chile's military government, the Com- mission's accomplishments have been impressive. The Commission has estab- lished a network of human rights or- ganizations throughout Chile. With the support of these regionel grout`:.: the Commission monitors the status of human rights and publishes monthly Informational bulletins. The Commis- sion is one of the most highly respect- ed organizations in Chile and has been accepted as an affiliate of several lead- ing international human rights organi- zations, such as: the International Commission of Jurists, Geneva; the International Federation of Human Rights, Paris; and the International League for Human Rights, New York. The Commission's President, Dr. Castillo, served as Minister of Justice in the Christian Democratic govern- ment of President Eduardo Frei in the late 1960's and early 1970's. Maximo Pacheco Gomez, the Commission's Vice President since 1978, was the Minister of Education in President Frei's government and served as the dean of the faculty of law at the Uni- versity of Chile in Santiago. Since last August. it appears that the government of President Augusto Pinochet has intensified its pressure against the Commission and its affili- ates. In August, Chilean police tempo- rarily detained Dr. Castillo for reading a proclamation that reminded Chil- eans of their obligation and right to uphold basic human rights. More than 20 others associated with the Commis- sion were arrested at the same time. On November 29, the Commission's national offices in Santiago were raided, ransacked, and its documents were confiscated by armed plain- clothesmen. One Commission employ- ee was beaten so severely that she re- quired hospitalization. This attack preceded by one week the visit to Chile by the United Nations Special Rapporteur on Chile, Prof. Fernando Volio of Costa Rica. This attack was Just one of more than a dozen similar incidents in 1985 of plainclothemen at- tacking Chilean human rights defend- ers and ransacking their offices. On January 15, Senator KENNEDY visited Chile to meet with representa- tives of the democratic opposition and Chilean human rights organizations. Upon his arrival at Santiago, he was confronted by a violent demonstration January S0, 1986 by members of the Independent Democratic Union, a pro-Pinochet group. Chilean police did not act to re. strain the demonstrators and Senator KENNEDY was forced to leave the air- port by helicopter. At the same time, three of the Commission's leaders were approaching the airport and were themselves attacked by UDI demon. strators. Their car was damaged and Dr. Castillo was injured. Once again, Chilean police stood aside and did nothing while the attack was under- way. It now appears that high-ranking officials of the Chilean Government were actively engaged in the planning and the implementation of this dem- onstration. If this is true, President Pinochet's government owes Senator KENNEDY an apology and should con- duct a thorough investigation into this incident. Most recently, Dr. Pacheco and his family have again been the targets of harassment. At noon on January 18, Dr. Pacheco's maid, Rosa Espinoza Baeza, was abducted by plainclothes- men and driven to a remote location on the outskirts of Santiago. She was held and interrogated by her kidnap- pers for 14 hours, when she was re- turned to the center of Santiago on the morning of January 19. During Ms. Espinoza's interrogation, her kid- nappers' questioning focused on Dr. Pacheco's contacts in the United States and on the January 15 visit of Senator KENNEDY to Chile. It is my hope that the Pinochet government will cease its attacks against the Chile- an Human Rights Commission and that it will allow the Commission to conduct its important humanitarian efforts. Mr. President, I ask that two articles on the Chilean Human Rights Com- mission as well as two summaries of attacks on the Commission be printed in the RECORD. The material follows: PROTEST HINDERS KENNEDY IN CHILE (By Lydia Chavez) SANTIAGO, CHILE. Jan. 15.-Senator Edward M. Kennedy, arriving here today on a tour of South America, was forced to leave the airport by police helicopter after dozens of pro-Government demonstrators blocked a highway. Some of the protesters wore life preserv- ers and carried photographs of Mary Jo Ko- pechne, who died in the Senator's 1969 automobile accident at Chappaquiddick. The demonstration was organized by the In- dependent Democratic Union, a party that supports the military Government. The police, generally fierce with crowds, did little to hinder the protest. The airport protesters were greatly out- numbered elsewhere by people who warmly welcomed Mr. Kennedy. In a second incident later in the day, the Massachusetts Democrat's car was struck by a stone and eggs as he left a rehabilitation center after a tour. Jamie Castillo, the presi- dent of the Chilean Human Rights Commis- sion, was injured slightly when a stone smashed the window of his car. President Augusto Pinochet has refused to meet with the Senator, calling him a "enemy" of the people because of his spon- Declassified in Part - Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2012/06/12 : CIA-RDP90BO139OR000500590027-2 Declassified in Part - Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2012/06/12 : CIA-RDP90BO139OR000500590027-2 immary S 1986 CONGRESSIONAL RECORD - SENATE sorsh* of a 1$ I amendment banning mili- tary aststanee to Chile and his shwas criti- cism of the military Government. "I am told that there are some people who regard me as an enemy of Chile," Mr. Ken- nedy said. "I am not an enemy of Chileans. I am an enemy of kklirapping. murder and arbitrary arrests." The Senator, flanked by his sisters Jean Smith and Patricia Lawford, carne here for a 24-hour visit. Ih the last week, the Senator has met with the Presidents of Brazil, Uruguay and Argentina to talk about the foreign debt crisis that has thrown their fledgling de- raocrads into recessions. In Argentina, he also met with political exiles from Para- gttay Mr. Kennedy in his airport statement said he would be the first to support renewed aid if "Chile were once again to respect basic human rights." He added that Congress at one time or another has banned aid to Cuba. Guatemala, Nicaragua, Uruguay and Argentina became of present or past abuse of human rights. The Senator met today with political lead- ers who recently signed a United States-sup- ported agreement, rejected by the Govern- ment, that calls for a return to full democ- racy here. Juan Francisco Cardinal Fresno Larrain. who supported the pact, declined to meet with Mr. Kennedy, saying his visit was polit- ical, but church sources said he supported the visit. But other church officials, includ- ing Raul Silva Cardinal Henriquez, met with the Senates. Accouwr or Ineraarr AT SANTIAGO Alaroar ON Jaa/jAay 13 INIVOLVING OFFICIALS OF rag CHILSan Human Ricans CoMMisStON (Source: International Friends of the Chilean Human Rights Commission) On Wednesday, January 15. 1986. at ap- proximately 10:00 am, three principal offi- cers of the Chilean Human Rights Commis- sion were assaulted by a mob. Jaime Castillo Velliseo, President. Maximo Pacheco Gomez. Vice-President, and Gonzalo Ta- borga Molina. Director for International Relations were driving from the Santiago airport towards the city. They had gone to the airport to greet Senator Edward Kenne- dy. Democrat of Massachusetts, who has been a consistent and prominent critic of human rights abuses in Chile during the last decade. The purpose of Senator Kenne- dy's visit was to meet with Commission members and other human rights groups. church groups, and influential political and social figures. hear testimony of tiictims of human rights abuse and discuss, in general. the situation of human rights in Chile. Due to the hostile reception that the Senator re- ceived at the airport by nearly 500 student protesters of the Independent Democratic Union (UDI), the Senator had to leave the airport by police helicopter for security pur- poses. Dr. Pacheco and Dr. Castillo in the front seats and Gonzalo Taborga in the rear. were driving together with a long line of existing vehicles slowly along the road from the air- port A crowd of highly charged protesters was chanting "Ted go home." One kilometer from the airport itself, and not quite 10 ureters from a Carsbinero station. one of the protesters spotted Dr. Paelheco's car and shouted. "Here comes Castillo and Pa- checo." Within moments the Commission members found themselves surrounded by approximately 100 armed individuals, some reportedly students of the UDI. others be- longing to different youth groups. The pro- testers, who were well organized, began to throw rocks, sticks and eggs at the vehicle, thus breaking all the windows. One rock struck Dr. Castillo in the back of the neck and bits of shattered glass cut his head, face and back. During this entire incident civilian police officers of the Carabineros. standing close by, did nothing: they neither moved to pro- tect the Commission members, nor attempt- ed to break up the menacing crowd. In fact. according to the testimony of Maximo Pa- checo, the protesters acted while the Cars- bineres were "absolutely passive." Dr. Pa- checo bellieves that if be had been hit and did not advance the car, the crowd would have killed them. However, the Commission members suc- ceeded in escaping from the mob, and Dr. Castillo was quickly taken for medical treat- ment. The vehicle they drove is estimated to have sustained substantial damage. The Chilean Human Rights Commission fears that similar incidents may happen again. On November 29, 1985, the national offices of the Commission were ransacked by armed intruders who beat an employe so severely she had to be hospitalized. In Chilean newspapers, the UDI's organizers stated that their actions of January 13 "met with great success" and that they were very satisfied with the results of the day. Dr. Pacheco commented on the latest inci- dent: "it is a sad state of affairs when we cannot even greet an American Senator without risking our lives." [From the New York Times, Dec. 7, 1985] GrncMEN IN CHILE SAID To STEAL RIGHTS Doctmrsnrs (By Robert O. Boorstin) Armed gunmen in the Chilean capital of Santiago stormed into the office of the na- tion's leading human rights group and re- moved documents that had been compiled for a United Nations investigation, members of the group said this week. The commission members said the assail- ants beat the wife of an employee of the Chilean Commission on Human Rights and ransacked the offices in central Santiago during the attack last week. Human rights commission members and officials of the New York-based Internation- al League for Human Rights said that al- though they could not identify the gunmen, recent patterns of human rights abuses in Chile suggested that they might have been operating with the knowledge of the Gov- ernment of President Augusto Pinochet. "This is a special kind of harassment," German Molina. national secretary of the commission, said Wednesday in a telephone interview from Santiago. GROtTP LOGS RIGHTS ABUSES The commission, established in 1978. Is made up of prominent Chileans attempting to cntr.logile human rights abuses and seek judicial remedies. Juan Prado. press attacht of the Chilean Ernbas:.y in Washington. said charges of in- timidation by groups connected to the Gov- ernment were silly" and "stupid." "I find absurd and completely devoid of logic." he said. "that anybody in his right sense of mind would commit such an assault in Santiago on the eve of the visit by a rep- resentative of the United Nations." The visit by the investigator, Prof. Per- nando Votio. would mark the first time in the xis year history of the special investiga- tor's position that the Pinochet Govern- ment had agreed to permit a United Nations investigator to go to Chile to collect infor- mation on human rights. Mr. Vollo is a former Foreign Minister of Costa Rica. In a telegram to General Pinochet on Wednesday night, the New York-based S 769 International Friends of the Chilean Human Rights Commission urged appropri- ate authorities to "undertake a full investi- gation and prosecute the perpetrators." The recently formed group of former and current public officials includes the chair- man of the Senate Select Committee on In- telligence. Dave Durenberger. Republican of Minnesota, and is headed by former Secre- tary of State Cyrus R. Vance. In a related development, the Reagan Ad- ministration urged the Pinochet Govern- ment on Thursday to accept the recommen- dations of the United Nations report by Mr. Volio. The report calls for increased protec- tion for church and human rights activists, an end to the practice of internal banish- ment of anti-Government activists and the strengthening of judicial procedures. ACCOUNT or RANSACKING or CHILEAN HUMAN Rana s COMMISSION Orrtca on NovEMim 29 On Friday morning, November 29, 1985, at approximately 8:45 am. two men armed with revolvers rang the doorbell of the Chil- ean Commission for Human Rights. Marina Rodrigues, the 42-year-old caretaker (cuids- dora) answered and was told that they had a letter to deliver to the secretary of the Commission, Bead Saavedra. Sra. Rodri- guez, who lives on the premises with her family. advised them that the Commission would not open to the public until 10:00 a.m. The men then pushed her aside violently. One beat her with his fists and revolver causing a concussion. The other intruder went straight to the secretary's office. He broke down the door and destroyed the fur- niture within the room. He- was allegedly searching for some "special document." . The caretaker's two daughters. 20 and 22 years old, respectively, tried to help their mother and carry her to the apartment in the same building. The men threatened them with death. The two attackers then entered other Commission offices "searching for an em- ployee" and proceeded to destroy archives and correspondence of the Commission. When they left, 25 minutes later, they took with them two private, confidential address- telephone books and three documents which the Commission planned to publish: "The Rights to the Physical and Moral In- tegrity of Individuals Under the 1980 Politi- cal Constitution": "The Organic Law Re- garding States of Exception"; and, "Terror- ism. Antiterrorism and Human Rights". Marina Rodriguez testified that while being beaten her attackers shouted "Now you will know the hand of the CNL" [The CNI. (Central National de Informaciones, or the National Intelligence Agency) is the Chilean secret security police force identi- fied by international organizations as the agency linked to torture and other human rights abuse.] To date, the police investiga- tion of the attack on the Commission re- ported that this was a common crime. al- though nothing of material value was taken. Sra. Rodriguez is still hospitalized in the Costa Central Hospital in Santiago. Source: International Friends of the Chil- ean Human Rights Commission.? INTERNATIONAL TRADE 1985 ? Mr LUGAR. Mr. President, this morning the Department of Com- merce announced preliminary U.S. trade results for December 1985 and all of 1985. The news is not very posi- tive. In December the U.S. trade defi- cit was $17.4 billion and for the year the trade deficit was $149 billion. This Declassified in Part - Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2012/06/12 : CIA-RDP90BO139OR000500590027-2