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December 27, 2016
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June 9, 2011
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April 21, 1986
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Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2011/06/09: CIA-RDP90BO139OR000500610058-5 Next 7 Page(s) In Document Denied Iq Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2011/06/09: CIA-RDP90BO139OR000500610058-5 Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2011/06/09: CIA-RDP90BO139OR000500610058-5 8..766 CONGRESSIONAL RECORD - SENATE change in the location of the closed ADDITIONAL STATEMENTS hWft pr'evlosNy scheduled before the Committee )mere am Natural Resources on Thursday, Pieb,uary 37, THE CHILEAN HUMAN RIOHT8 at 10 a.m. The hearing will take place COMMISSION in room SH-219 of the Senate Hart ? Mr. DURENBEROER. Mr. Presi- Office Building in Washington. DC. dent, the Chilean Human Rights Com- The a bring of the hearing is to re- mission wu with respect to negoti- Jaime Castillo and other O prominent batlons on Micronesian status. Chileans from various fields seeking a For further information. please con- secular human rights organization to tact Jim Beirne at (202) 334-2564. monitor violations of human rights AUTHORITY FOR COMSQTIEE S TO MEET 5UiOOIDETraR ON 5TRATUCIC AND TNIiATUR NUCtiaR YORCIS Mr. DANFORTH. Mr. President, I ask unanimous consent that the Sub- committee on Strategic and Theater Nuclear Forces, of the Committee on Armed Services be authorized to meet during the session of the Senate on Thursday, January 30. 1986, in order to conduct a hearing on antitactical ballistic missile defenses. The PRESIDING OFFICER. With- out objection. it is so ordered. Sect commrrrf on nuts .IGIIgcg Mr. DANFORTH. Mr. President. I ask unanimous consent that the Select Committee on Intelligence be author- ized to meet during the session of the Senate on Thursday, January 30. 1986, in closed executive session, in order to receive an intelligence briefing. The PRESIDING OFFICER. With- out objection. It is so ordered SU$COi I(ITTU ON PUDLiC LANDS, RESERVED WATER, AND RESOURCES CONSERVATION Mr. DANFORTH. Mr. President. I ask unanimous consent that the Sub- committee on Public Lands. Reserved Water, and Resource Conservation of the Committee on Energy and Natural Resources be authorized to meet during the session of the Senate on Thursday, January 30, to hold a hear- ing on Senate Joint Resolution 221 and House companion House Joint Resolution 382, to authorize the con- tinued use of certain lands within the Sequoia National Park by portions of an existing hydroelectric project and H.R. 3851, to amend section 901 of the Alaska National Interest Lands Con- servation Act. The PRESIDING OFFICER. With- out objection, it is so ordered. cowKr ra on AGRICULTURE, NCTRITION. AM FORUSTa! Mr. DANFORTH. Mr. .President, I ask unanimous consent that the Com- mittee on Agriculture, Nutrition. and Forestry be authorized to meet during the session of the Senate on Thursday, January 30, 1986. In order to receive testimony on the Farmers Rome Ad- ministration loan servicing regulations and a General Accounting Office report on FmHA's farm loan portfolio. The PRESIDING OFFICER. With- out objection. it is so ordered. and to wort to restore the rights guar- anteed in the international human rights treaties that Chile has signed Since its founding. and despite the many obstacles placed in its path by Chile's military government, the Com- mission's accomplishments have been impressive. The Commission has estab- lished a network of human rights or- ganizations throughout Chile. With the support of these regional groupl. the Commission monitors the status of human rights and publishes monthly informational bulletins. The Commis- sion is one of the most highly respect- ed organizations in Chile and has been accepted as an affiliate of several lead- ing international human rights organi- zations, such as: the International Commission of Jurists, Geneva; the International Federation of Human Rights. Paris; and the International League for Human Rights, New York. The Commission's President, Dr. Castillo, served as Minister of Justice in the Christian Democratic govern- ment of President Eduardo Frei in the late 1980's and early 1970's. Maximo Pacheco Gomez, the Commission's Vice President since 1978, was the Minister of Education in President Frei's government and served as the dean of the faculty of law at the Uni- versity of Chile in Santiago. Since last August, it appears that the government of President Augusto Pinochet has intensified its pressure against the Commission and its affili- ates. In August. Chilean police tempo- rarily detained Dr. Castillo for reading a proclamation that reminded Chil- eans of their obligation and right to uphold basic human rights. More than 20 others associated with the Commis- sion were arrested at the same time. On November 29. the Commission's national offices in Santiago were raided, ransacked, and its documents were confiscated by armed plain- clothesmen. One Commission employ- ee was beaten so severely that she re- quired hospitalization. This attack preceded by one week the visit to Chile by the United Nations Special Rapporteur on Chile, Prof. Fernando Volio of Costa Rica. This attack was just one of more than a dozen similar incidents in 1985 of plainclothemen at- tacking Chilean human rights defend- ers and ransacking their offices. On January 15. Senator Kam ixny visited Chile to meet with representa- tives of the democratic opposition and Chilean human rights organizations. Upon his arrival at Santiago, he was confronted by a violent demonstration January $0, 1988 by members of the Independegt Democratic Union, a pro-Pkochet group. Chilean police did not act to re- strain the demonstrators and Senator KzatlisaT was forced to leave the air. port by helicopter. At the same time three of the Commission's leaders were approaching the airport and were themselves attacked by UDI demon. strators. Their car was damaged and Dr. Castillo was injured Once again, Chilean police stood aside and did nothing while the attack was under. way. It now appears that high-ranking officials of the Chilean Government were actively engaged in the planning and the implementation of this dem. onstration. If this is true, President Pinochet's government owes Senator KnnfzDT an apology and should con- duct a thorough investigation into this incident. Most rece.itly, Dr. Pacheco and his family have again been the targets of harassment. At noon on January 18. Dr. Pacheco's maid, Rosa Espinoza Baeza, was abducted by plainclothes. men and driven to a remote location on the outskirts of Santiago. She was held and interrogated by her kidnap- pers for 14 hours, when she was re- turned to the center of Santiago on the morning of January 19. During Ms. Espinoza's interrogation. her kid- nappers' questioning focused on Dr. Pacheco's contacts in the United States and on the January 15 visit of Senator KIIQfzay to Chile. It is my hope that the Pinochet government will cease its attacks against the Chile- an Human Rights Commission and that it will allow the Commission to conduct its important humanitarian efforts. Mr. President, I ask that two articles on the Chilean Human Rights Com- mission as well as two summaries of attacks on the Commission be printed in the Racoiw. The material follows: PROTEST HI insas Kzwwmy iN CxiLE (By Lydia Chavez) SANTIAGO, Cato, Jan. 15.-Senator Edward M. Kennedy, arriving here today on a tour of South America was forced to leave the airport by police helicopter after dozens of pro-Government demonstrators blocked a highway. Some of the protesters wore life preserv- ers and carried photographs of Mary Jo Ko- pechne, who died in the Senator's 1969 automobile accident at Chappaquiddick. The demonstration was organized by the In- dependent Democratic Union, a party that supports the military Government. The police, generally fierce with crowds, did little to hinder the protest. The airport protesters were greatly out- numbered elsewhere by people who warmly welcomed Mr. Kennedy. In a second incident later in the day, the Massachusetts Democrat's car was struck by a stone and eggs as he left a rehabilitation center after a tour. Jamie Castillo, the presi- dent of the Chilean Human Rights Commis- sion, was injured slightly when a stone smashed the window of his car. President Augusto Pinochet has refused to meet with the Senator, calling him a "enemy" of the people because of his spon- Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2011/06/09: CIA-RDP90BO139OR000500610058-5 Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2011/06/09: CIA-RDP90BO139OR000500610058-5 . awy * 1!$S CONGRESSIONAL RECORD - SENATE 9769 serraw of a 1! 0 anseaient banning mlli- tary assistance to Chile and his strong Crith- elv of bile military Ooveinmrslt. "I an told that there are some people who reV ud me as an enemy of Chile." Mr. Ken- nedy said. -1 sat not an enemy of Chileans, I am an Remy of kidispphtg, murder and arbitrary arrests... The Senator, flanked by his Asters Jean e01111l1h and Patricia Iawford. tame here for a 74--hour visit. ht the last week the Senator has met with the Presidents of Brazil. Uruguay and Arfeetlna to talk about the foreign debt crisis that has thrown their fledgling d4- zeoQadss Into raosssims. In Argentina, he air met with political exiles from Para. 911M. Mr- Kennedy in his airport statement said he would be the first to support renewed aid if "Chile were once again to respect basic Mann t#hh," He added that Congress at one tine or another has banned aid to Cubs). Onatrmaltt, Nicaragua, Uruguay and Arg=tiia bseanse of present or past abuse of huassa rights The Senator met today with political lead- ers who recently sued a United States-sup. Ported agreement, reJected by the Govern- ment. tact tails for a return to full democ- racy here. Juan Francisco Cardinal Ptesrro Larrain. who supported the pact, declined to meet with Mr. Kennedy, saying his visit was polit- ical, but church sources said he supported the visit But other church officials, includ- ing Rata Silva Cardinal Henriquez, met with the )matt:. Aooovay OP Iseraasrr AT Saar-moo Aiaroar OF Janusaw 15 IsvoLVSSo OFFICLi, or 20IN C nsas Human Rican Como slow (Server: International Friends of the Chilean Human Rights Commission) On Wednesday. January 15. 1986. at ap- proximately 10:00 am. three principal offi- cers of the Chflean Human Rights Commis- sion were amanlted by a mob. Jaime Castillo Vellseo, President, Maximo Pacheco Gases, Vice-President, and Gonzalo Ta- bora, Molten, Director for International Relations were driving from the Santiago airport towards the city. They had gone to the airport to greet Senator Edward Kenne- dy. Democrat of Massachusetts, who has been a consistent and prominent critic of human rights abuses in Chile during the last decade. The Purpose of Senator Kenne- dy's visit was to meet with Commission members and other human rights groups. church groups, and influential political and social figures. hear testimony of victims of human rights abuse and discuss, in general, the situation of human rights in Chile. Due to the hostile reception that the Senator re- ceived at the airport by nearly 500 student protesters of the Independent Democratic Union (UDI), the Senator had to leave the airport by police helicopter for security pur- poses. Dr. Pacheco and Dr. Castillo in the front seats and Gonzalo Taborga in the rear. were driving together with a long line of existing vehicles slowly along the road from the air- port A crowd of highly charged protesters was chanting "Ted to home." One kilometer froze the airport itself, and not quite 10 meters from a Carabinero station, one of the protesters spotted Dr. Pacheco's car and shouted, "Here comes Castillo and Pa- che co." Within moments the Commission members tomtd therdelves surrounded by approximately 100 armed Individuals. some reputedly students of the UDI. others be- longing to different youth groups. The pro- testers. who were well organized, began to throw rocks, sticks and eggs at the vehicle. thus breaking all the windows. One rock struck Dr. Castillo In the back at the neck and bits of shattered glass cut his head, face and back. During this entire incident civilian police officers of the Carabineros, standing close by, did nothing: they neither moved to pro- tect the Commission members, nor attempt- ed to break up the menacing crowd. In fact. according to the testimony of Maximo Pa- checo. the protesters acted while the Cars- bineras were "absolutely passive." Dr. Pa- checo believes that if he had been hit and did not advance the car, the crowd would have killed them. However. the Commission members suc- ceeded in escaping from the mob, and Dr. Castillo was quickly taken for medical treat- ment. The vehicle they drove is estimated to have sustained substantial damage The Chilean Human Rights Costmistdon fears that similar incidents may happen again. On November 29. 1988, the national offices of the Commission were ransacked by armed intruders who beat an employee so severely she had to be hospitalized. In Chilean newspapers, the UDI's organizers stated that their actions of January 15 "met with great success" and that they were very satisfied with We results of the day. Dr. Pacheco commented on the latest inci- dent: "it Is a sad state of affairs when we cannot even greet an American Senator without risking our lives." [From the New York Times, Dec. 7, 19851 Gtretarrr ix Cana SAID To STEar. RIGHTS Docvsztrrs (By Robert O. Boorstin) Armed gunmen in the Chilean capital of Santiago stormed into the Office of the na- tion's leading human rights group and re- moved documents that had been compiled for a United Nations investigation, members of the group said this week. The commission members said the assail- ants beat the wife of an employee of the Chilean Corn.nis;ion on Human Rights and ransacked the offices in central Santiago during the attack last week. Human rights commission mccmbers and officials of the New York-based Internation- al League for Human Rights said that al- though they could not identify the gunmen, recent patterns of human rights abuses in Chile suggested that they might have been operating aith the knowledge of the Gov- ernment of President Augusta Pinochet. "This is a special kind of harassment-" German Molina, national secretary of the commission, said Wednesday in a telephone interview from Santiago. GSOC! LOGS aiCHTS ADUSICS The con-..mission. established in 1958. is made up of prominent Chileans attempting to catalogue human rights abuses and seek Judicial 'i-medics Juan Prado. press attache of the Chilean Emba..y in Washington. said charges of in- tiinidati?n oy groups connected to the Gov- ernment sere silly" and "stupid." "I find absurd and completely devoid of logic." he said. "that anybody in his right sense of mind would commit such an assault in Santiago on the eve of the visit by a rep- resentative of the United Nations." The visit by the investigator, Prof. Fer- nando Vo!jo. would mark the first time in the six year history of the special investiga- tor's position that the Pinochet Govern- ment had agreed to permit a United Nations investigator to go to Chile to collect infor- mation on human rights. Mr. Vollo is a former Foreign Minister of Costa Rica. in a telegram to General Pinochet on Wednesday night, the New York-based International Friends of the Chilean Human Rights Commission urged appropri- ate authorities to "undertake a full invests. gation and prosecute the perpetrators." The recently formed group of former and current public officials includes the chair- man of the Senate Select Committee on In- telligence, Dave Durenberger. Republican of Minnesota, and is headed by former Secre- tary of State Cyrus R. Vance. In a related development, the Reagan Ad. ministration urged the Pinochet Govern- ment on Thursday to accept the recommen- dations of the United Nations report by Mr. Volio. The report calls for increased protec- tion for church and human rights activists, an end to the practice of internal banish- ment of anti-Government activists and the strengthening of Judicial procedures. Accou or RAUSACrtrne OF CHILaan Hotwtre Rswres Couturis tor, Oiricz cm Nova nza 29 On Friday morning, November 29, 1985, at approximately 8:45 am. two men armed with revolvers rang the doorbell of the Chil- ean Commission for Human Rights. Marina Rodrques, the 42-year-old caretaker (culda- dora) answered and was told that they had a letter to deliver to the secretary of the Commission. Beast Saavedra. Sra. Rodri- guez, who lives on the premises with her family, advised them that the Commission would not open to the public until 10:00 am, The men then pushed her aside violently. One beat her with his fists and revolver causing a concussion. The other intruder went straight to the secretary's office. He broke down the door and destroyed the fur- niture within the room. He- was allegedly searching for some "special document." The caretaker's two daughters. 20 and 22 )'ears old, respectively, tried to help their mother and carry her to the apartment In the same building. The men threatened them with death. The two attackers then entered other Commission offices "searching for an em- ployee" and proceeded to destroy archives and correspondence of the Commission. When they left, 25 minutes later, they took with them two private, confidential address- telephone books and three documents which the Commission planned to publish: The Rights to the Physical and Moral In- tegrity of Individuals Under the 1980 Politi- cal Constitution": "The Organic Law Re- garding States of Exception": and, "Terror- ism. Antiterrorism and Human Rights". Marina Rodriguez testified that while being beaten her attackers shouted "Now you will know the hand of the CNL" (The CNI, (Central Nacional de Informacionea or the National Intelligence Agency) is the Chilean secret security police force identi- fied by international organizations as the agency linked to torture and other human rights abuse.] To date, the police investiga- tion of the attack on the Commission re- ported that this was a common crime. al- though nothing of material value was taken. Sra. Rod: iguez is still hospitalized In the Costa Central Hospital in Santiago. Source: International Friends of the Chil- ear. Human Rights Commission.* INTERNATIONAL TRADE 1985 S Mr LUGAR. Mr. President, this morning the Department of Com- merce announced preliminary U.S. trade results for December 1985 and all of 1985. The news is not very posi- tive. In December the U.S. trade defi. cit was $17.4 billion and for the year the trade deficit was $149 billion. 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