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December 23, 2016
Document Release Date: 
January 22, 2013
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Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/01/22 : CIA-RDP90M00551R002001190003-5 The President of the United States Presidents Foreign Intelligence Advisory Board (PFIAB) 10 National Security Council (NSC) Senior Interagency Group (SIG) Interagency Groups (IGs) Intelligence Oversight Board (I0B) The Intelligence Community The President's Intelligence Organization A Presidential Executive Order as- signs to the Director of Central Intelli- gence the responsibility to act as the primary adviser to the President and the National Security Council on na- tional foreign intelligence. To dis- charge this and other assigned duties, the Director is the appointed?with the advice and consent of the Senate? head of both the Central Intelligence Agency and the Intelligence Commu- nity. These relationships and the mechanisms established to sustain them are discussed on the next page. Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/01/22 : CIA-RDP90M00551R002001190003-5 Declassified and Approved For President's Foreign Intelligence Advisory Board (PFIAB) The PFIAB is maintained within the Executive Office of the President. Its several members serve at the pleasure of the President and are appointed from among trustworthy and distinguished citizens outside of Government who are qualified on the basis of achievement, experience, and independence. They serve without compensation. The Board continually reviews the performance of all Govern- ment agencies engaged in the collec- tion, evaluation, or production of intel- ligence or in the execution of intelligence policy. It also assesses the adequacy of management, personnel, and organization in intelligence agen- cies; and advises the President con- cerning the objectives, conduct, and coordination of the activities of these agencies. The PFIAB is specifically charged to make appropriate recom- mendations for actions to improve and enhance the performance of the intelli- gence efforts of the United States; this advice may be passed directly to the Director of Central Intelligence, the Central Intelligence Agency, or other agencies engaged in intelligence activities. Intelligence Oversight Board (I0B) The President's Intelligence Oversight Board functions within the White House. The 10B consists of three members from outside the government who are appointed by the President. One of these, who serves as chairman, is also a member of the President's Foreign Intelligence Advisory Board. The 10B is responsible for discovering and reporting to the President any intelligence activities that raise ques- tions of propriety or legality in terms of the Constitution, the laws of the U.S., or Presidential Executive Order. The Board is also charged with reviewing the internal guidelines and direction of the Intelligence Community. The 10B is a permanent, non-partisan body. Release 2013/01/22 : CIA-RDP90M00551R002001190003-5 National Security Council (NSC) The NSC was established by the National Security Act of 1947 to ad- vise the President with respect to the integration of domestic, foreign, and military policies relating to the national security. The NSC is the highest Executive Branch entity pro- viding review of, guidance for, and direction to the conduct of all national foreign intelligence and counter- intelligence activities. The statutory members of the NSC are the President, Vice President, the Secretary of State, and the Secretary of Defense. The Director of Central Intelligence and the Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff participate as advisers. The same 1947 Act also established the CIA as an independent agency subordinate to the NSC. Senior Interagency Group (SIG) This committee of the NSC is com- posed variously of the Director of Central Intelligence, the Assistant to the President for National Security Affairs, the Deputy Secretary of State, the Deputy Secretary of Defense, the Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, the Deputy Attorney General, the Director of the Federal Bureau of Investigation, and the Director of the National Security Agency. The SIG chairman varies according to the meeting agenda, e.g., the Director of Central Intelligence is chairman when the body addresses intelligence matters. The SIG (Intelli- gence) is charged to advise and assist the NSC in discharging its authority and responsibility for intelligence policy and intelligence matters. It ensures that important intelligence policy issues requiring interagency attention receive full, prompt, and systematic coordination. It also moni- tors the execution of previously approved policies and decisions. Interagency Groups (IGs) To assist the SIG (Intelligence), Interagency Groups have been estab- lished to consider individual policy issues. Each IG consists of representa- tives of the SIG members and, upon invitation of the IG chairman, others with specific responsibilities for matters being considered. A represen- tative of the Director of Central Intel- ligence chairs meetings dealing with national foreign intelligence. A repre- sentative of the Federal Bureau of Investigation chairs meetings dealing with counterintelligence, except for international terrorism, which is divided between a State Department representative for terrorism abroad and an Attorney General representa- tive for terrorism in the U.S. An indeterminate number of IGs may be designated by the SIG to address such policy issues. The IGs, in turn, may establish working groups as needed to provide support to the approved mechanisms of the NSC for such matters. The Intelligence Community The concept of an Intelligence Community is unique in the Government in that it is composed for the most part of elements which have their primary institutional homes in various departments and agencies of the Executive Branch. Many of these elements differ from each other in significant ways. Together they conduct the variety of activities that add up to the entire U.S. national foreign intelligence effort. What binds these diverse components is their common goal: to provide national leaders with the most reliable and accurate intelligence to serve as a sound basis for making timely, informed decisions. It is the job of the Director of Central Intelligence to make certain that this goal is constantly and successfully pursued. Members of the Intelligence Community advise the Director of Central Intelligence through their representation on a 11 Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/01/22 : CIA-RDP90M00551R002001190003-5 Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/01/22 : CIA-RDP90M00551R002001190003-5 ? - - , - kr- ??!;,. ' - The Director of Central Intelligence (DCI) Defense Intelligence Agency Intelligence Community Staff Naval Intelligence Foree'. ; Intelligence ? . ? . The Intelligence Community number of specialized committees that deal with intelligence matters of com- mon concern. Chief among these is the National Foreign Intelligence Board, which the Director chairs and which is composed of the heads of Community components and, as observers, heads of the military intelligence services. The Director of Central Intelligence (DCI) The DCI is the primary adviser to the President and the National Security Council on national intelligence matters. He is the head of the Central Intelligence Agency and of such other 12 Department of Defense Elements UM Independent Agency Departmental Intelligence Elements (Other than DOD) staff elements as are required for the discharge of his Intelligence Commu- nity responsibilities. An Executive Order gives the DCI authority to develop the consolidated National Foreign Intelligence Program budget and to direct the analytic and collection tasking of all Intelligence Community elements. In addition to staff elements of the Office of the DCI, the Intelligence Community consists of the Central Intelligence Agency; the National Se- curity Agency; the Defense Intelli- gence Agency; the offices within the Department of Defense responsible for collection of specialized national foreign intelligence through recon- naissance programs; the Bureau of Intelligence and Research of the Department of State; and the intelli- gence elements of the military ser- vices, the Federal Bureau of Investigation, and the Departments of Treasury and Energy. The DCI also serves as chairman of the NSC's Senior Interagency Group when it meets to consider intelligence matters. This committee establishes requirements and priorities, relates these priorities to resources, and reviews the intelligence product for quality and responsiveness. Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/01/22 : CIA-RDP90M00551R002001190003-5 Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/01/22 : CIA-RDP90M00551R002001190003-5 Intelligence Community Staff?pro- vides primary staff support to the Director of Central Intelligence in his role as senior intelligence officer re- sponsible for a coordinated intelli- gence effort. The staff carefully co- ordinates the collection activities of all agencies and departmental elements to minimize duplication and to ensure coverage of major targets and to assure that emphasis is placed on topics of priority interest. It also moni- tors the dissemination of collected intelligence and consumer satisfac- tion. The staff provides advice on all matters pertaining to the National Foreign Intelligence Program budget prior to its presentation to Congress. It develops the actual presentation for Congress and monitors the implemen- tation of the budget process. enri: has primary responsibility for the clarrdestine collection of foreign intel- ligence, for conducting counterintelli- gence abroad, and for the research and development of technical collection systems. CIA exploits new technology for this purpose. Further, it is respon- sible for the production of political, military, economic, biographic, socio- logical, and scientific and technical intelligence to meet the needs of na- tional policymakers. CIA also sup- ports the Director of Central Intelli- gence in his role as coordinator of the Intelligence Community. Department of Defense (DOD) Defense Intelligence Agenc?satis- fies the foreign intelligence and coun- terintelligence requirements of the Secretary of Defense, the Joint Chiefs of Staff, the Unified and Specified Commands, Defense Department components, and other authorized agencies and provides the military intelligence contribution to national intelligence. It is also responsible for coordinating the intelligence activities of the military services and managing the Defense Attache System, which assigns military attaches to U.S. em- bassies around the world. National Security Agency?is respon- sible for the centralized coordination, direction, and performance of highly specialized technical operations in support of U.S. Government activities to protect U.S. communications and produce foreign intelligence information. Arm), intellir.zence?provides special- ized intelligence support to the Army worldwide and to DOD. Responsibil- ities include: the collection, produc- tion, and dissemination of military and military-related foreign intelli- gence, including information on indi- cations and warning, capabilities, plans, and weapon systems and equip- ment; the conduct of counterintelli- gence activities and the production and dissemination of counterintelli- gence studies and reports; and the development, procurement and man- agement of tactical intelligence sys- tems and equipment. a?ai Imeiligenc: ?works to fulfill the intelligence, counterintelligence, investigative and security requirements and responsibilities of the Department of the Navy. It also provides highly specialized collection and analysis related to the Naval environment. Air Force IotelUenc,2?conducts and manages collection, processing, and analysis, and dissemination activities to meet worldwide Air Force and national intelligence needs. Among the Services, the Air Force has the largest intelligence program, and its Foreign Technology Division is a lead- ing national source of analysis of foreign aircraft and missiles. Marine Corps Intelligence?focuses on providing responsive intelligence support to Marine Corps tactical commanders, primarily in the amphibious warfare mission area, but also across the full spectrum of Marine Corps worldwide contingency missions. Marine Corps intelligence coordinates closely with and receives extensive support from other Service, theater, and national agencies but, particularly, Naval Intelligence elements, both at the Fleet and National levels. Department of State?the Depart- ment of State's Bureau of Intelligence and Research produces political and some economic intelligence to meet the State Department's needs. It also coordinates State's relations with other foreign intelligence operations, disseminates reports received from U.S. diplomatic and consular posts abroad, and participates in the prep- aration of National Intelligence Estimates. ?openly collects political, economic and tech- nical information concerning foreign energy matters. While DOE does pro- duce and disseminate some foreign intelligence and provides technical and analytical research capabilities to other intelligence operations, it re- mains primarily a consumer of intelligence. - ?openly col- lects foreign financial and monetary information and assista the Depart- ment of State in collecting economic data. It produces analysis to support the Secretary of the Treasury in carry- ing out his responsibilities for U.S. economic policy and assists in the production of national intelligence for the President and other senior U.S. officials. Federal BurtfiL c.fimeszliz:17;, 'FB] ?has primary responsibility for counterintelligence within the United States. This includes the detection, penetration, prevention and neutral- ization, by lawful means, of espio- nage, sabotage and other clandestine intelligence activities directed against the U.S. by hostile foreign intelligence services. FBI works closely with the Central Intelligence Agency which has primary responsibility for counter- intelligence outside the United States. 13 Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/01/22 CIA-RDP90M00551R002001190003-5 Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/01/22 : CIA-RDP90M00551R002001190003-5 National Foreign Intelligence Council The Intelligence Community The President Presidents Foreign Intelligence Advisory Board National Security Council Senior Interdepartmental Group: (Intelligence) National Foreign Intelligence Board National Security Agency Department of Energy 1 Director of Central Intelligence Defense Intelligence Agency Army Central Intelligence Agency Navy Intelligence Community Staff 1 State Department Air Force DCI Committees Treasury Department USMC Federal Bureau of Investigation Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/01/22 : CIA-RDP90M00551R002001190003-5