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December 12, 2016
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August 10, 2001
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December 13, 1982
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Ap proved For Release 2001/12/05 : CIA-RDP91-00901 4t1 P 422 WASHINGTON POST 13 DECEMBER 1982 estimouy on Spy .Penes By Murre} Marder Weshtngwn Pon 8= Writer A heavily shrouded chapter of Cold War history has been reopened ri-ith new insights and controversy arising from recently declassified testimony of CIA chief Allen W. Dulles on spy plane ? operations. against the Soviet Union in the 1950s and early 1960s. Members of the US. intelligence community from the Dulles era were dismayed a week ago by news ac- counts about an allegedly undis- closed "CIA spy plane" shot down Over the Soviet Union before the sensational U2 overflight of Francis Gary Powers May 1, 1960. ? Dulles' testimony was given be- laind closed doors to the Senate For- eign Relations Committee May 31, 1960, during the international up- ioar about the U2 high-altitude re- ConnaissaneP jet plane and the col- apse of the Paris summit conference in mid-May that year when Soviet Premier Nikita S. Khrushchev vented his outrage over the flight by the captured American pilot. News reports last week based on Dulles' testimony said he disclosed that the United States lost "eight or nine" Central Intelligence Agency operatives on an earlier "spy plane" forced down in the Soviet Union. 'State Department officials, after consulting with the CIA, told ques- tioners that the reports were incor- rect and that Dulles evidently was referring, to the widely publicized -Ibss of a U.S. Aii? Force plane and I crew over the Turkish-Soviet border in 195$ "Man} colleagues of Dulles simi lakly said he only was citing a'known incident in 1958--a second one in i txich a plane. was forced . down across that frontier. There were two problems with the explanations, however.. The two groups were talking about different with Dulles' test.irnon P,ooo' 1v ing to speak about the affair can rec- oncile all of the discreancies. hrouded Chapter o CE However, from information now available, it appears that in the tense. U2 inquiry, Dulles - deliberately scrambled his testimony to shield the identity of the then-supersecret National Security Agency, or unwit- tingly mixed up the two incidents. Possibly he did both. As one associate recalled, a Dulles technique in maintaining an aura of certainty in his testimony was to "give quick answers to deflect ques- tions and never appear hesitant or in doubt" One encounter involved an. Air Force C 118 on a CIA courier .mission with nine men aboard-three for- mally assigned to the CIA-and forced down about 100 miles inside Soviet Armenia in June, 1958. Five of the nine Air Force officers aboard descended by parachute, and four landed with the aircraft. All were released after 10 days of questioning. In September, 1958, a second, deadlier incident occurred in the same. region. An Air Force C 130 with 17 military personnel aboard, on as- signment to the National Security Agency, and packed with electronic eavesdropping gear for gathering in- telligence, was shot down and crashed in Armenia. Six bodies were returned by the Soviet Union, but 11 were never re- covered. In 1962, after, stormy dis- pute at the highest levels of the U.S. and Soviet governments, the 11 missing were officially "presumed dead," although efforts to recover the bodies were still being made in 1972. That episode is recounted in a'' revealing. book .on Elie-NSA; "The- Puzzle Palace' by James: Bamford. It -reprinta? an-extraordinary=transcript of monitored conversations by Soviet fighter pilots during the attack on' the C130. The transcript-made pub- lic in 1959 by Secretary of State John Foster Dulles, Allen's brother, in an unusual effort to force the Kremlin to t f ' Th admit anyth missic virtue inadv incidt Be etrati flying -U.S. ELIIN sions, m around the vast periphery of the So- viet Union to pick up emissions of radar, ground communications and microwave signals. Sometimes-accidentally or de.. liberately-they penetrated Soviet territory during what were called risky "fox and hounds" forays to se:: off Soviet air defense radar and in these instances American aircraft often were fired upon. Allen Dulles, in his 1960 testimo?? ny, evidently overlapped both inci- dents. He said, "You may recall there have been several instances of planes that have strayed over Soviet: territory which have been shot, down. You recall the two incidents in Ar- menia and the Caucasus a few years ago, and there have been instances off the tip of Japan and some near Alaska." He went on to say, "In one case we are still endeavoring to get back. you know-they haven't told' , us what happened to. I think, eight or nine of the crew, of one. of the planes that came down in the area of Cau- casus." = "This was a. civilian plane," Dulles 'said. "It was -manned by employes of the Central Intelligence Agency, not by military personnel. They were in civilian clothes. It was an entirely civilian intelligence operation, and I was prepared to take the responsi- bility and document that responsi- bility." or Rel ! 0 : C11X=RI "00901 R000100110 - ' C'fJCLE .kP[ ElLeE' n-4 ?-r ?Oy 1 - v Approved For Release Nb11W-'I!1-00901R00 5 September 1977 STATINTL i. 12 Lnaries CIA Gottlieb and Lashbrook have been subpoenaed to testify Sept. 20 before a Senate subcommittee investigating the MK-ULTRA project. "Gottlieb proposes I be CIA con- sultant and I agree," White wrote in his diary June 9, 1952. A year later it was confirmed: "CIA - got final clearance and sign contract as `con- sultant'-met Gottlieb . . . lunch Na- poleon's-met Anslinger." Harry C. Anslinger was White's boss and the No. 1 man in the federal Bureau of Narcotics. It could not be learned from the diaries whether Ans- lin;er knew that one of his top nar- cotics agents also was working for the CIA, in fact, was tape-recording and observing men to whom prosti- tutes gave drugs after picking them up in bars. But'a July 20, 1953, entry by White strongly suggests Anslinger knew: "Arrive Wash.-confer Anslin- er and Gottlieb re CIA reimburse- ment for 3 men's services." These entries fit in with a 1963 in. ternal report by then-CIA Inspector General Lyman B. Kirkpatrick about the IIIK-ULTRA project. That report, made public in 1975, discussed the safe house operations and the connec- tion to the Bureau of Narcotics: "TSD [Technical Services Division] entered into an informal arrangement ,with certain cleared and witting indi- viduals in the Bureau of Narcotics in 19.35 which provided for the release of 11,IK-ULTRA materials for such test- ing as those individuals deemed desir- able and feasible." The report added that while "covert testing" was being transferred to the bureau, its chief would disclaim any knowledge of it.: .. "The effectiveness of the substances on individuals at all social levels, high. ? and low, native. Americans and fore eign." Kirkpatrick wrote, "is of great significance', and testing has been per- formed. on a- variety of individuals within these categories." In 1953, White rented a house at 81 Bedford St. in New York City's Green- wich Village under the -name of Mor- gan Hall, the same one he used two years later- to set up the Tele- graph Hill apartment at 225 Chestnut St. in San Francisco. His diaries show that Gottlieb and Lashbrook met him at. the- Bedford Street apartment. A June 8, 1953, en- try said: "Gottlieb brings $4,123.27 for 'Hall'-Deposit 53.40.)." A Sept. 16,en- try added: "Lashbrook at 81 Bedford -Gwen Winkle and LSD surprise- can wash." . , r, - In 1955, to San Fr2 regional hE ics. Appar duplex als lure narce them. In agent Ira an East Ci San Fram 'ring. Leo Jc owned the bugging e The equiC crophone: These we F-301 ta-; agents in to the, a. if erative Pat- .John Jacobs Wasn:naton?os. Staff Writer SAN "'RANCISCO, Sept. 4-- He was a "rock-em. sock-em .cup not overly carried away with playing spook,". accord ing to a friend who- knew him" at the time. But the diaries and personal papers of the Central .Intelligence Agency operative who ran "safe hous- es" in San Francisco and New York in which drug-addicted prostitutes gave LSD and other drugs to unsuspecting N isitors tell a different story. The diaries were kept by Col. George H. White,alias l Ior- "an Hall. a colorful federal narcotics agent and CIA "con- sultant" who died two years aro. They reveal new details, 'including names and . dates,, about the safe house project,: dubbed `'Operation- Midnight Climax," v hich was- part of the CIA's -.IIK-ULTRA program- in- the 1950s and 1960s to ma-` nipulate human. behavior. Curiously; White's .widow. donated his papers-;ltd the. Electronics Museum: at Foot- hill Junior College; a two-year 4chool--set. amidsti'the rolling Los' Altos hills' 40'iniles south of San Francisco. :;The' papers' are a rare find-for- anyone in- terested in the espionage busi-: ness-and show White dashing about'' the world- breaking up=' narcotics rings in South Amer.- ica; Texas and Si 'Francisco's Chinatown '~ ~~:'?' They, also"-pr6,~3de documen-`?'! tary evidence that''White met to discuss drugs='and safe houses with such --CIA' lumi- naries as Dr; Sidney Gottlieb, head of the Chemical Division of' the Technical -Services Di vision and the man `who ran MK'.ULTRA, and -Di-'Robert V. Lashbrook, . a CI,',chemist , who:-worked with. LSD. Other and Stanley Lovell Appr6ved tion post." It was an L-shaped apartment with - a beautiful view of San Francisco Bay. and White, who kept pitchers of chilled martinis in the refrigerator, . also had photos of manacled women being tortured and whipped.. ` "We were contacted by George White." Jones said in an interview. ,it was 'a combined project of the CIA and Bureau of Narcotics ... It was always referred ko as the pad, never the apartment, and was modeled after Playboy magazine, 1955 ... -I heard. about prostitutes. Feldman had ac- quired three or four to set himself up. with cover." White's diaries indicate that Gott- lieb continued to visit, flying out from Washington several times a year at least until 1961. Another visitor was John Gittinger, a CIA psychologist who testified last month before Sen- ate, investigative committees that he met with "Morgan, Hal1't on numerous occasions:,Ao. - interview prostitutes about: their-drug and'sex habits.: _ White 'retired from- the bureau in'- 1965 and, became the fire marshal" at' Stinson Beach, a resort area in ;Mlarin ' County,.:. north . of^ ? San Francisco. Among his -papers- is .a Sept. 30, 1970, chief-of the_deparknient:=of.:psychiatrgr. Berkeley. He 'told Poweelson that h had worked for a "rather obscure de- partment of the government (that would like to remain obscure).". That obscure department, " White wrote, "was then interested in obtain- I ing some factual information and data on the use and effect of various hallu- cinogens, including marijuana, tetra- hydrocannabinol and..tbe'then brand- new LSD. Tests were made under both clinical and nondlinical' condi- For Release 2001/12/05: CIA-RDP91- Q,,C)doR`j7un7mna.1 Approved For Release 2001/12/05 : CIA-RDP91-00901 R000100110001-7 ? .(U,J 7 /r'1f= WASHINGTON POST reached spokesin dent, tit of the it The d By Bill , Il 1CZ Cif and John Jacobs The agency was also interested in shy' one By ?_ .,:,e ...1,:.,t, ,..,., ..,-r.,,.f: research - ~tia?m. 01 Y054 aLBii i?.nsess - tiously be administered in drinks, and cite: and George Washington University surreptitiously substance, ,~ thto be at 'would make it toward for some of its top secret MKUL- "impossible for a man to perform any cal win, TRA experiments in behavior con- physical activity whatsoever," use for trol in the 1950s and 1960s, the The documents also referred to was fun n f ' d tests of a knockout drug, on termi- Fu agency has informed both univer- Wally ill cancer patients at George- front n The CIA also officially informed The documents say tiie university` tholog,ia _1- tau~ht a t_..._ TT :.._ ? George nivers hat periments. Georgetown's part in the sorted mind control experiments. terclay A CIA spokesman said yesterday found project had been previously reported that the agency had located all but six ? the CI but not officially confirmed. aniest ducted nd cam ti tit f 0 i h p ons a u ns o t e 8 The three local universities were involved in IIKULTRA. "The -others' has be among 80 private and public institu- no longer exist," said the spokesman,1 chickte 18 August 1977 , had played parts-some wittingly, of the institutions or firms involved. i poenae u, is suit' w7epL. ue ivie It some not-in the MKULTRA tests. None of the three Washington-arca Senate 'subcommittee investigating In a related development, the C41 universities notified could themselves the MKLLTR1 program. yesterday made publi' under the supply details of the types of MKUL- ~1. long description of the proposed Freedom of Information Act an adcU- TR:1 experiments in? which they were Georgetown facility suggested that - tional 1,760 pages of documents per- 'involved. However, spokesmen for all "human patients " and volunteers" taming to MEULTR.A behavior con- three said they would take advantage; would be available for experimental trol experiments. of a CIA offer to supply additional de- purposes. It said the agency could These documents show that many tails on request. "recruit new scientific -personnel" at high-ranking agency officials 'knew " In its letter to University of Mary-i the- medical center, because agents- and approved at least the Georgetown land President Wilson' H.- Eikins;< working under cover there v,ould'be part of- the mind control program, in- which arrived ' last Friday, the CIA.; in daily contact with the graduate eluding then-CIA Director Allen said: "While we recognize this may be school." The identity of the school Dulles and senior aides Richard 1 L unwelcome. news. we believe we have: was censored in the documents. - ? Bissell Jr., C. P. Cabell, Lyman Dirk- an obligation to advise you of this fact To further its interest in producing Patrick, Lawrence Houston and Rich- [3IKULTRA participation] so that yoti stress through chemical means; the s'rd Helms. Helms later became CIA may initiate such action as you deem I CI-k also proposed studying chemical director. necessary to protect the interests o#~ ? r patients." our iiniversit agents on "advanced cance The documents show. that among Sun the letters o,E notification, the These means included a "I%" orl:noci: t:hirgs tested at Georgetown were sub .~;.~ noted that in some cases the' out drug, which one memo-writer de- stances to promote "illo'ical thinking x 1 ULTR:i institutions were aware of scribed as a "good ?dickey Finn:" and impulsiveness to the point where ? their participation in the program and` Another 1lIK-ULTRA project sought the recipient would be discredited in e en understand "toxic delirium, urcmic public," and substances to promote had been while the experiments were and prevent "the intoxicating effect of taking place. coma and cerebral toxicity from poi- Elkins, who has headed Maryland soning." Toward that 'end, chemical alcohol." since 1954, declined to comment yes-. compounds were administered to can- Another reference in the documents terday on whether- he 'knew' of the; cer patients and to at least four diabe- is to "substances which will produce IL IKULTRA experiments. Lloyd H. Et-' tic patients, with plans for more tests 'pure' euphoria with no subsequent let- aiott, who' has lteaddd ' George Nash- I .to "study the effect on mental funs-' down;" a-type of permanent high - - ! Ap}sro'Vdd'FF6 U%ag g ~10 ~ '~ ~C1~?tF2f T=D09II'[ b00I-7 THE NN YORK DFILY NEWS Approved For Release 2001/12/05ZgCI lpp -00901R00010011 0 T Pffo Km Castr Approved For Release 2001/12/05 : CIA-RDP91-00901 R000100110001-7 Re~ftorf .Dulles Knew ' ing to shut it off, The News learned today. . on a plot to kill Cuban Premier Fidel Castro and did noth , Dulles was briefed in advance in 196 Director Allen \V In another CIA-related matter, Intelligence Committee ton prow. that not President or Cabinet member was involved.' CIA sources have. told The News that both Dulles and his top aide, Air Force General C.P. Cabell, were briefed by Richard Bissell, who was then the chief .of the agency's clandestine sexes Aces. The plot was to poson Cstro. Dulles, who was the brother of the late Secretary of State John Foster Dulles, is the highest CIA official to have been direct- ly linked to the abortive 1961 assassination. plan. He also may be the highest member of the government tied to the grogram when a report by the Senate Intelligence Committee conies out next month. Sen. Frank Church (-Idaho), the. chairman of the committee, has contended July 23 (News Bureau) ?- The late C1 Washington smuggled 100 pounds of opium into the U.S. but was not prose- cuted. Subcommittee investigators have said that Petersen shoves little enthusiasm-for prosecuting the nian after. CIA officials argued that, their operations would be compromised. U.S. Attorney James Thompson in Chicago dropped the prosecution. In another development, Henry Dearborn, who was the U.S. con- sul in the Dominican Republic in 1961 when Dominican leader Ra- fael Trujillo was assassinated,