Document Type: 
Document Number (FOIA) /ESDN (CREST): 
Release Decision: 
Original Classification: 
Document Page Count: 
Document Creation Date: 
December 19, 2016
Document Release Date: 
November 14, 2005
Sequence Number: 
Case Number: 
Publication Date: 
November 30, 1982
Content Type: 
PDF icon CIA-RDP91-00901R000400100002-4.pdf1.7 MB
Approved For Release 2005/12/14: CIA-RDP91-00 ASSOCIATED PRESS 30 November 1982 By G.G. LaBelle WASHINGTON Law Sui*. - [Nicaragua The U.S. government is illegally aiding Nicarag,to murder and torture of the Central American nation's citizens, according to a lawsuit filed Tuesday by a public interest law firm. The Center for Constitutional Rights announced it filed the suit in U.S. District Court here on behalf of seven Nicaraguans, Rep. Ronald V. Dellums, D-Calif., and two Florida citizens who maintain that alleged training camps for the rebel forces in the state violate its laws. The suit seeks s2 million in damages for each plaintiff and a court order directing the U.S. government to stop the alleged assistance to Nicaraguan rebels. Defendants in the suit include President Reagan, Secretary of State George P. Shultz, Central Intelligence Agency director William Casey, five other U.S. officials, and a number of individuals and groups allegedly working toward the overthrow of the leftist government of Nicaragua. Reagan left Tuesday on a five-day, four-nation tour of Latin America. Michael Ratner, a lawyer for the center, told a news conference that _the_ Reagan administration was part of a "wide-ranging-conspiracy" to terrorize Nicaraguan citizens and weaken the Central American nation's government. "This is not some abstract idea of destabilizing the government," he said. "There are people, citizens of Nicaragua who are being harmed, killed, raped, tortured." Sarah Wunsch, another center lawyer, said the plaintiffs included two women who had lost their husbands in raids on Nicaraguan villages near the Honduras border, a woman raped during such an incident, and a 15-year-old girl who lost an arm in one attack. The U.S. government has repeatedly refused to comment on news articles ?maintaining the it is supplying aid to Nicaraguan rebels who were attacking fro'o bases in Honduras. Assistant Secretary of State Thomas 0. Enders, one of the defendants named In the suit, refused to testify before a House Foreign Affairs subcommittee last August on whether the United States was aiding Nicaraguan rebels.. State Department spokesman John Hughes said on Nov. 1, "It is the United States government policy not to address reports dealing with intelligence questions or allegations of covert activities." However, lawyers for the Center for Constitutional Rights pointed to a Nov. 2 article in the New York Times that quoted unnamed Reagan administration officials as saying the CIA was supplying money to rebel roux 4 o harass the Nicaraguan gav,~~~ ?F +~ILE~e2bb5/Id~f4ci ~ R@~~-Opt9~d~QQ,q 0%~0 0a g the U.S. Fib was not intended to overthrow the regime. Appp-rr-o-vved For Release 209?121~P91-00901 ARTICLE APPEAR , CIN Pr GE /_1Z,,_/? By William Safire The N.S.C. After Clark WASHINGTON -- Why are we read- ing so much about the grand strategies of former National Security Advisers? Almost every news magazine ex- pounds the views of "Kissco," the in- tellectual power conglomerate elon- gating the shadow.of Henry Kissinger, .which now employs former National Security Council head Brent Scow- .-croft and is likely soon to employ the State Department's Lawrence Eagle- burger. Kissco both shapes U.S. policy ? and passes editorial judgment on it, - like a playwright writing rave reviews .far his own show. Though Kissc o dominates, other for- mer advisers are appearing on op-ed pages. Zbigniew Brzezinski, Jimmy Carter's Pole Vaulter, is feverishly dealingChina cards to any editor who ;will play; Richard Allen, who in 1978 introduced Ronald Reagan to the men .who now bead Germany and Japan, produces articles on strategies toward .that axis of our allies. The reason guru-grabbing has come into such vogue is that a strategy vacuum exists within the divided Rea- gan White House. The man of limited foreign policy experience who today holds the title of National Security Ad- viser - William Clark, the deep-back. Amy judge and crony of the .President - is living proof that still waters can run shallow. According to one regular partici- '.pant at the early-morning White House staff meetings, Mr. Clark's most frequent utterance is "I'll have guidance by 10" -that is, he will pro- vide the President's spokesmen with a .decision on some pressing question by ,10 A.M., after a more experienced guide has guided the adviser toward .what guidance to eive. Among Defense officials, John Leh- man or Richard Perle would bring in- tellectual force and luster to the job, but the choice of either might be re- sisted by George Shultz, who prefers to quietly dominate the N.S.C.; Under Secretary Fred Ikle, with a lower pro- file, has a better chance. Former Ambassador l awrence Sil- berman has the credentials, and State might bold still for him, but the C.I.A.'s William Casey would probably counter with David Absbire,'an older establish- mentarian. If Donald Rumsfeld's name were mentioned, Kissco would rush in with Richard Kennedy. Richard Pipes I is beaded back to Harvard and to book 1 contracts. Richard Burt has his hands full getting conservative support for his current Domination; Ambassador Ken Adelman is a few years away; Frank Carlucci (like Larry Eagleburger) needs to make some money; and Ed- ward Luttwak is too brilliant-and out- spoken- A signal that Mr. Reagan intended to run again would be his choice of U.S. Ambassador Jeane Kirkpatrick, who could carry his national-security message within and without the Ad- ministration. Hawks admire her brains and guts, and although Ara- b'ists at State are suspicious, she has shown an ability to work with Mr. Shultz as well as Mr. Clark. The man with the inside track to bead a rejuvenated N.S.C. is Tom Reed, a former Air Force Secretary who is frequently in and out of the White House basement; he gets along. with- the Californians and - has produced at least one fairly good strategic paper. - It seems that the Administration must first grind to a halt before Mr.. Reagan is moved to make the Roosevelt Room resemble the last scene in Ham- let. After the Great Staff Shake-Up, we will get more of our strategic thinking from a National Security Adviser of the The adviser's adviser is the weitan- schauwrg-tree Colonel "Bud" McFar- land. Because It. Clark was trauma:. .sized 18 months ago at a Senate bear- ing, and has not since dared to answer questions in public, the job of expllca- ..tor has fallen to a gruff, grim-faced marine colonel ; like many a brave .man forced into paper-pushing work, Colonel McFarland is maladroit at the articulation of policy. This curious state of affairs at the heart of what is supposed to be for- eign-affairs coordination will not long ',continue. The N.S.C. will get a new bead as soon as Ronald Reagan stares down into the chasm that'divides his White House staff. One Reagan White House is headed by James Baker and Michael Deaver (the pragmatist and the publicist) sup- ported by Nancy Reagan; the other is headed by the President's favorite pair of old shoes, William Clark and Ed Meese. The internal quaking has reached nine points on the Sears _scale and the policy paralysis has become embarrassing. Soon the President will make his management decision with that characteristic clomp! and It is my guess that the Clark-Meese combo will come out on top. (Firing Nancy will be the hard part.) When Mr. Clark . replaces Mr. Baker as chief of staff,, the way will finally be clear to hire a - real National Security Adviser. Requirements should be (a) a cohe- sive world view, with a mindset; close to Mr. Reagan's (b) longestablished international connections (c)- ability to swim through schools of bureau- cratic sharks. Since George Bush, the natural choice, has political assign- ments and ambitions, let us survey the rest of the field: Approved For Release 2005/12/14: CIA-RDP91-00901R000400100002-4 Approved For Release 20W/YOR-CIARDP91-00901E 000400100002-4 Tins ARTICLE AP-FEARED 29 NOVEMBER 1982 WASHINGTON TALK 'Briefing. Lunch at the Club ome of the cboicest.power-trip. ping in town often begins with a casual, "Meet me for lunch at the Metropolitan Club." '. The reference is to- the-oddest and most exclusive men's dub in Wash-' in", where Clark Clifford, Henry Kissinger and other celebrated fig- ores gather to, dine, gossip and do busingaess. Such is the club's perceived status that even the most distinguished men are willing to linger for years on wait- ing lists for an opportunity to join,- Power, money and pedigree help speed the membership process, but nothing moves it taster than having a top Administration job? - And so it is that commerce Secre tary Malcolm Baldxige, Transports- tiara Secretary Drew Lewis, Michael K. Deaver, deputy chief. of staff at the White. House and John S. R. Shad, chairman of the Securities and Ex- change Commission, have all been granted resident guest privileges. And club members were notified recently that Charles Z. Wick, director of the International Communication Ageo. cy, has just applied. Mr. Wick is being. sponsored by William J. Casey, Direc.' for of Central Intelligence, and Leon- ard Marks, a lawyer. But don't expect to see Jeane K. Kirkpatrick on the membership rolls. Although blacks were invited into the club 10 years ago, the only permanent feminine presence is an assortment of. tramed room walls Playboy p Ire on the locker Approved For Release 2005/12/14: CIA-RDP91-00901R000400100002-4 ARTICLE Am g For Release 2%5W1?6tj:DCJI~TP00901R0004 - GIN PAGE-C-11 - 27 November 1982 a et nowhere a stalemate tary of State Shultz and-South Af'rican ForeignMinister'Roelof Botha met for more than two hours yesterday- but failed ;to find a formula for independ- ence and black -majority rule in South African-ruled Namibia.. United States. officials said the -negotiations have stalled on a South I African :demand-supported by the . U.S.-that ? the : - estimated, 15,00040 20,000 Cuban- troops` in neighboring Angola withdraw.`before, thereacan-.beY: an agreement. Angola, 'supported.- by-- most other African states in the region, rejected the South African demand and-' insisted that Pretoria withdraw its own, troops from Namibia (South-West Africa). f As he teft -the' talks with Shultz, Botha, however, called the discussions . .Butthis summer'retoria demanded, "profitable and encouraging." He said the: removal of ,Cuban : troops from, the outlook for a settlement was Angola. "promising." Since then. Vice President Bach, The '-U.S, took , the --lead in the CIA Director William Casey and Chac. negotiations 1? months ago, and.-It'.- ter Crocker, undersecretary of state .appeared .the Reagan `:administration, for rican affairs have traveled to might be able to exert leverage- to Africa to break the im asse. achieve an agreement. Diplomatic sources here said, the impasse on Namibia has reached the AT THE TIME the ccu stepped in; stage . where American allies-Britain, .South Africa was -preoccupied with its Canada, .France .and West .German - domestic situation, right-wing extrem- Y ists were challenging the government; are ready' to bow out of the effort, aheticountry was deep in recession and Administration officials said South Africa is committed to setting up an 'the guerrilla war in Namibia was cos;ternal,government _ in Namibia to ~..,ting about $675 anilhon a year, i. as ,,,w~ ,_ r,, a ?, ~,,,.~,~,,. strengthenSouthAfri aSandagainst .,the South-West, ,Africa Peoples Organization,,"which. has- fought'fot' Namibian independence. slice 1966: Approved For Release 2005/12/14: CIA-RDP91-00901R000400100002-4 Appro~P~elease 2005/12/14: CIA-RDP9.1-00901R0Q THE CHRISTIAN SCIENCE NO: 26 NOVEIV BER 1982 US fails to budge stalled negotiations on Namibia independence Bush unsuccessful in convincing Africans to link Angola-Cuba issue with Namibia ^!~ ; _= _.-- By Louis Wizultzer :.:. i Special correspondent of The Christian Science Monitor The United States has failed to budge stalled negotiations on Namibian independence - despite face-to-face dialogue in African capitals this month between top-level US and African officials. The impasse on Namibia is so vast that the US's partners - In a Western attempt to work out a settlement may bow out of t- W es the effort, diplomatic sources say. Failure of both this ern contact group (US, Britain Canada,?West Germany. and France) effort and of separate US efforts means that prospects for Namibian independence in the foreseeable tu- :tune are dint: say these sources One of the key sticking points in negotiations is US insis tense that Namibian independence be' linked to expulsion of-: `Cuter trnf=s from Angola, Namibia's neighbor to the south. US Vice-President George Busb repeatedly insisted on a -. Cuban pullout as a precondition for. a Namibian settlement d th is during his tour of seven African nations, which ende week. But Bush's African hosts told-him justas firmly that issues were separate and should not ngola and Namibia the . A linked. be yr + . y ain con- iled to f l v sh g a so e a ha ides Bu Other officials besyerts to-their point of view.. These officials' talks with Afri-,~ provided a camouflage concealing the deep existing impasse-' over the. wbole issue," says a high-ranking Western diplomat ~. ;;w .. ? ,&Sties BL>s CIA chief William Casey and Under-Sec- tary for African Affairs Chester Crocker have been in Africa. assistant secretary of state or uman Ilfot Abrasams , rights;: is due to go to 'South Africa soon. 'In addition, Mr.' Crocker has recently visited-the capitals of the other four contact group members..and South Africa's Foreign Minister t t with .Can--v _. . . "--- o mee week retary of State?George Shultz: no exits .from the present deadlocks": says a well-informed the front-line: stakes .:(Mozamblque,'Ziinbabwe, p la. ngo - Zambia, Botswana, Angola ,- Tanzania);_.indeed all of Africa? including pro-Western. regimes such as Kenya and Nigeria, categorically:reject linkage of Namibian independence and u1lout of Cuban troops from Angola: P . French Foreign Minister Claude Cheysson also stated r S cesri ty-the{age rls'i?axecePtable -privately' elm West Germany, and Britain are known to agree. For the timeI being, at US insistence, these contact group members have agreed not to dissolve the group. But if the US continues to insist on coupling a Cuban troop pullout with the Namibian independence = and if Angola remain adamant in rejecting that that linkage - the contact group is likely to break up. It, 3'- could break up in a matter of months, say.several informed and involved diplomats. - South Africa, through recent declarations by Foreign Min- ister "Pik" Botha and Defense Minister Magnus Masan, has made it clear that "it will-not allow the red flag to fly over Windhoek." Namibia's capital: Pretoria now is committed to setting up'a new internal government in Namibia. This, ana- lysts say, is an effort to strengthen South Africa's band against SWAPO (South-West Africa People's Organization); I If free elections were held in -Namibia -;as has been pro- posed in the Namibia negotiations and by the United Nations in Security Council Resolution, 435 - It is' widely believed SWAPO would win. South Africa, however; ~ considers SWAPO to be "a tool in Moscow's hands." If South Africa rejected free elections in favor 'of molding its own "internal solution" on Namibia's, the world commu- nity would consider the action illegal. Resolution 435 makes the withdrawal of South African forces from Namibia and, independence elections under UN supervision mandatory.- ` 1 The Reagan administration is 'engaged in a race against the clock. It banks on the willingness of African states to compromise as a result of their present economic difficulties and need for American aid. "They may continue to disagree with the US approach to the Namibian issue but at the same time they are likely to mute their criticism,"-says one Africa watcher. 5:- it Meanwhile, the Reagan administration, while not sayingl so publicly, reportedly hopes that the Angolan ".'Marxist" leadership, under the pressure of its economic problems, wiil1 either agree to send the Cuban troops home or be toppled byi Jonas Savimbi's rebellious- UNITA movement: Meanwhile, on the diplomatic front it is playing for time'and needs to keep the "contact group" on board, thus giving the" impres- sion that things are still moving in the right direction even if in.fact they are at a standstill Angola and-the US seem to be playing. cat and mouse to- gether. Angola's leaders -appear to be deeply suspicious- ofl the American plan and of American assurances that were the Cuban troops to'go home;'South Africa would no-longer in-l wade it and try to destabilize it ' ;;--- ' "They are tempted by the American offers of aid and rec _ognition but at the same time they are afraid to'Wen j snared," says one European official who'ust visited Angola.) "They suspect that the Reagan admini?tration would not beI? content to get the Cubans out but that it would wants to even ? tually replace Angola's pro-Soviet regime with a pro-Western one," be adds. en its tune:. 9te:,-._1 ..., N MA, rr?_--.,-rm . -.arn~=. anx ssr af~.n:: t3 ,: Approved For Release 2005/12/14: CIA-RDP91-00901 R000400100002-4 Approved For Release 2005/12/14: CIA-RDP91-009019 ARTICLE t.rP~FsR.F,D I EWSWEEK OIL F AGg 22 NOVEMBM 1982 PER!SCOPE The FBI Investigates the Freeze Movement President Reagan's charge at his press conference last week that Soviet agents are involved in the domestic nuclear-freeze move- ment was based on a secret Federal Bureau of Investigation study. The White House has identified the Reader's Digest and State Department reports as Reagan's sources. In fact, after reading one Reader's Digest article outlining a Soviet link with the freeze movement, the president asked the FBI to confirm the charge. The bureau reported that there is hard evidence that Moscow has tried to infiltrate and exploit the U.S. peace movement. But according to one bureau source, the report does not contend that the Kremlin inspired the movement or controls its leaders. FBI counterintelli- gence chief Edward O'Malley's recent testimony on the subject before the House intelligence committee is under review for possi- ble declassification. Freeze advocates, including Republican Sen. Mark Hatfield of Oregon, have challenged Reagan's accusation. Similar charges were made repeatedly against the anti-Vietnam War movement; no significant Soviet involvement was ever proved. The PLO's Missing Members Israeli intelligence says it has discovered that the camps in Tunisia that accommodated 1,000 PLO guerrillas after their evacu- ation from Beirut are now empty. Israeli officials suspect that the fighters have made their way back to the Mideast-either to Syria or Lebanon's Bekaa Valley. American Mideast specialists say that Syria has recently tightened its border watch to prevent PLO fighters from sneaking back into Lebanon; they speculate that Syria is fearful of provoking an Israeli attack. The-CIA: In Froi_. -- The Central Intelligence Agency has boosted its influence to new levels during the Reagan administration, by at least one measure. Under Director William Casey, the CIA has sharply increased its production of National Intelligence Estimates. Based on both public and secret information, the NIE's address such topics as Soviet nuclear strength, international terrorism and world oil reserves. The reports are designed to be used by policymaking officials, but they are often ignored. Nonetheless, the number of NIE's can be a rough indicator of the CIA's standing. When Jimmy Carter was president the CIA turned out about 12 a year. That number more.than tripled during the first year of the Reagan administration and will probably reach 60 in 1982. (China Arms Iraq China has set up a ,stall in the Middle East arms bazaar. United States intelligence officials say that China is now a major source of military supplies for Iraq. According to a new report, Iraq buys one- quarter of all its weaponry from China; that accounts for half of China's arms-export total. Most Chinese weapons are based on Soviet models, which makes it easy for Iraq to integrate the Chinese equipment into its largely Soviet arsenal. How to Stop Soviet High-Tech Spies Washington's campaign to stop the Soviet theft of technology may handicap American businessmen more than the secret-snatch- ers, according to a Senate study to be released this week. The Senate's Permanent Investigating Subcommittee reports that the Commerce Department tries to protect so many high-tech com- modities that its limited resources are spread too widely to be effective. The proposed solution: having the intelligence agencies work harder to pinpoint the particular innovations that Moscow covets most; security measures could then be concentrated on those areas. The panel also recommends that customs officers be given `broader powers and that the federal wiretap law be expanded to permit easier surveillance of suspected poachers. Approved For Release 2005/12/14: CIA-RDP91-00901R000400100002-4 Approved For Release 2005/12/14: CIA-RDP91-00901 R001400100002-4 ARTICLE APP,, P-M ON PAGE TIME 22 NOVZ'iBER 1982 The Soviets TIME/NOVEMBER 22,1982 changing the Guar After Brezhnev's 18-year rule, the U.S.S..R. gets an enigmatic new leader The first hint came at 7:15 p.m. Moscow time on Wednesday. Nikolai Shchelokov, the Minister for Public Order, had just address to celebrate Militia Day, and mil- lions of Soviet viewers were awaiting the live pop concert that was supposed to fol- low. Instead, without explanation, a film about Lenin was broadcast. Then, at 9, came Vremya (Time), the nightly news. The announcers, who usually dress infor- mally. wore dark jackets or dresses. "I ran to my neighbors to find out if they knew what was going 0n,"2 Moscow secretary said. "Everyone was excited. We all thought somebody had died, but nobody guessed it was Brezhnev. We had all seen him on television three days before, re- viewing the military parade, and he looked all right." The initial speculation centered on Politburo Member Andrei Kirilenko, 76, who was rumored to be ailing and who was absent from the traditional Kremlin lineup at the Nov. 7 ceremonies marking the 65th anniversary of the October Rev- olution. After the news, the nationwide first channel aired an unscheduled pro- gram of war reminiscences. On the sec- ond channel, an ice hockey game was abruptly replaced by Tchaikovsky's mournful ' Parhdtique"Symphony. Only the next morning, at exactly 11, did Soviet radio and TV simultaneously broadcast the formal announcement: "The Central Committee of the Commu- nist Party of the Soviet Union, the Presidi- um of the U.S.S.R. Supreme Soviet and the Council of Ministers of the U.S.S.R. in- form with deep sorrow the party and the entire Soviet people that Leonid Ilyich Brezhnev, General Secretary of the Soviet Communist Party Central Committee and President of the Presidium of the U.S.S.R. Supreme Soviet, died a sudden death at 8:30 a.m. on Nov. 10, 1982." Brezhnev, 75, who had held the most powerful post in the Soviet Union for 18 years, and who had been ill for nearly a de- f As an orchestra played Tchaikovsky, the committee members lined up in front of the catafalque where Brezhnev lay amid wreaths and flowers, with row upon row of medals pinned to cushions below his feet. After a brief formal tribute, An- dropov led the Politburo members toward the dead man's family. He bent over and kissed Brezhnev's widow Victoria, 75, through her veil. She lifted a hand to her cheek to wipe away tears. Andropov bent to kiss her again, then kissed Brezhnev's daughter Galina. Kirilenko, a leading contender for the succession until side- lined in the past year, burst into tears as he spoke to Brezhnev's widow. World leaders sent messages of condo- lence to the Kremlin that varied in tone. President Reagan. who had been awak- ened at 3:35 a.m. Thursday by National Security Adviser William P. Clark with ft##, 4 ~$cl4ev's death, sent a re- ec wo-paragraph message calling vessels. He had actually died 26/ hours . sp for a minute of silence, he continued:: Brezhnev "one of the world's most impor- before the announcement was made. "Leonid Ilyich said that not a single day ;I 1+;c 1;( -11A._ c---_ .,- - - r A new ea was be ' gu+nin ,one that fairs of the Communist Party of the Soviet would affect the destiny not just of the So- Union and the entire Soviet country. And viet Union's 270 million citizens but of the that was really so." entire world. As Brezhnev's surviving col- leagues moved swiftly to fill the leader- ship void, they were eager to convey the impression of a smooth transition and lay to rest speculation about a power struggle. Late Friday morning, black limou- sines began to converge on the Kremlin, onstantin Chernenko, 71, the sil- ver-haired party chief admi? trator, then rose. As every Soviet citizen knew, Chernenko had been Andropov's main competitor for the succession Now in a deft d ff i , . an e ect ve bringing the nearly 300 bureaucrats, gen- political gesture, the rival was moving to erals, diplomats, scientists, academicians nominate the winner, thus symbolizing and workers who make up the Central the need to close ranks. "Dear Comrades, Committee of the Communist Party. all of us are obviously aware that it is ex- Even before they entered the yellow-and- tremely difficult to repair the loss inflicted white Council of Ministers building, they on us by the death of Leonid Ilyich Brezh- knew what they were there to do. They nev." Chernenko said. "It is now twice, would ratify the choice already made by three times as important to conduct mat- the Politburo. that of Yuri Andropov, 68, ters in the party collectively." Chernenko. to be Brezhne'\'s successor as party chief. a close protege of Brezhnev's, then pro- The post has been held by only five men ceeded to nominate Andropov, whom he since the Bolshevik Revolution: Vladimir described as "a selfless Communist" and, Lenin, Joseph Stalin, Georgi Malenkov, perhaps with some reticence, as Brezh- Nikita Khrushchev and Leonid Brezh- nev's "closest associate." The delegates nev. Shortly after noon Friday, Andropov, approved the choice unanimously. By I the son of a railroad worker from the p.m. the meeting was over, and the entire northern Caucasus, became the sixth. Central Committee went to the Hall of Andropov was, to Western experts. by Columns to open the period of national far the most controversial of the contend- mourning, during which Brezhnev's ers. Stern and serious behind his thick corpse would lie in state. spectacles. he was the Ambassador to Bu- dapest during the Soviet army's efficient repression of the Hungarian uprising in 1956. As head of the Committee for State Security (KGB) from 1967 to May 1982, he had also overseen the suppression of in- ternal dissent. But at the same time, An- dropov developed a reputation for prag. matism and sophistication. at least by Soviet standards. As chairman of the committee desig- nated to organize Brezhnev's funeral, An- dropov gave a brief oration extolling the dead leader, who lay in state less than a quarter-mile away in the House of Trade Unions' Hall of Columns, a handsome neoclassical building that was once a club for the Russian aristocracy. "A most out- standing political leader of our times, our comrade and friend, a man with a big soul and heart, sympathetic and well-wishing, vWeiA1A,,oto V*lea Approved For Release 2005/12/1 MEMORANDUM FOR: Director of. Central Intelligence Director, Office of xterna Affairs SUBJECT: CBS "60 Minutes" Profile of DCI, Request for Interview 1. Action Requested: Decline or accept request for filmed interview with "60 Minutes" .CBS for use in a profile on you. 2. Background: a. Ira Rosen, a producer for "60 Minutes," has requested in a telephone call to Public Affairs your participation in a filmed interview that would be used in a. personality profile. The profile would focus on the rebuilding of the CIA under your administration. In addition to a sit-down interview with Mike Wallace, Rosen would like you to take Wallace on a filmed tour of parts of the Agency Headquarters facility, including such locations as the seal on the floor of the main lobby and the various wall inscriptions and memorials in the lobby. Among the topics you would be asked to address are the magnitude of the communi t threat worldwide and the efforts you have undertaken to confront this threat by strengthening the CIA with the blessing of the Reagan Administration. b. Rosen says you were asked by Mike Wallace to cooperate on such a profile in the past and you responded that you wanted to function in the DCI position for a while longer before considering such a project. Public Affairs records show that Mike Wallace initiated this request in a letter in January 1981 and followed up with a reiteration in July of that year. He was told that his name would be added to the list of such requesters. c. Participation in this production would likely lead to a flurry of similar requests from other network TV programs. You recently demurred on a similar request from Hugh Downs. 3. Recommendation: None. Indicate whether you wish to decline or accept this interview and authorize Public Affairs to respond on your behalf. 7, 0 A oved For ele a 2005/12/14: CIA-RDP91-0090 000400100002-4 Approved For Release 29A?j'+bgI~ YP91-00901 ARTICLE -APt';;,,FpyD 12 NOVEMBER 1982 Q1 PKGE f Reagan N' s Effort For Improved Vies By Lou Cannon Washington Post. Staff Writer 'President Reagan responded yesterday to the death of Leonid I. Brezhnev by calling for improved relations with the Soviet Union but turned down a proposal by his foreign policy advisers that he take what one of them called "the dramatic step" of attending the funeral of the Soviet president. Reagan, rejecting the recommendation of Secretary of State George P. Shultz, said that Vice President Bush would head the U.S. del- egation to Moscow. Shultz had proposed that Reagan take the . precedent-setting step of attending the funeral himself in an effort to improve U.S.-Soviet re- lations during a time of transition. "Our. two nations bear a tremendous responsibility for peace in a dangerous time-a responsibility that we don't. take lightly," Reagan said in a statement opening his news -confe.rence last night. However, he emphasized-as he has many times in the past, that he believes peace can be built only on a foundation of military strength. After reconfirming his commitment to con- t.inued negotiations with the Soviets to reduce both nuclear and conventional forces, the pres- ident said: "But we shouldn't delude ourselves. Peace is a product of strength, not of weak- ness-of facing reality and not believing in false hopes." When Reagan was asked whether he would take any initiatives to reduce tensions between East and West, he responded that "it takes two to tango" and that he had already taken the :first steps. The only example that he gave was the lifting of the grain embargo early in his ad- ministration. In Bush to Brezhnev's funeral on Mon- day, administration officials dis- closed, Reagan sided with top mem- bers of his White House staff against the recommendation of Shultz and other key foreign policy and national security advisers. The Shultz recommendation was strongly opposed by White House chief of staff James A. Baker III and deputy chief of staff Michael K. Deaver, according to administration sources. These sources said that, national security adviser William P. Clark. who was described Div others as "broker" in the discussion, backed S ultz. as did Central Intelligence Agency Director William J. Casey. Those who advocated that Reagan travel to Moscow argued that it would signal his commitment to arms control and to improving strained U.S.-Soviet relations. However, Secretary of Defense Caspar W. Weinberger and U.N. Ambassador Jeane J. Kirkpatrick, who have taken a hard line against the Soviets, were described as agree-, ing with 'the White House staff that Reagan should not go. "It was a philosophic thing," said one administration official. "If there's progress made in Vienna and Geneva [in troop reduction and nu- clear arms control negotiations], the president would like to visit the So- viet Union. But there's been no opening, no sign of restraint from the Russians." Some sources said the trip also would have been grueling for the 7I- year-old Reagan, who is to travel to Chicago on Saturday for a tribute to his late father-in-law, neurosurgeon Loyal Davis. Reagan did not go into any -of these reasons at his news conference. Instead, he cited scheduling con- flicts, including forthcoming visits by heads of state, an apparent. reference to upcoming meetings with Israeli Prime Minister Menachem Begin. The president added that he thought it was possible to continue the "search for peace" without "my attendance at the services." Approved For Release 2005/12/14: CIA-RDP91-009Q?TR0DU4bD 2-4 Approved For Release 2005/12/14: CIA-RDP91-00901R0004 A T I CL E p2PE.A.rPM WALL STREET JOURNAL ON PAC 11 N01, BER 1982 In 1977, however, the nine-yea?-old task have thousands, and I mean thousands, of I American Spies Feel force was scrapped by Adm. Bobby Flay In people (spies) who work for Lockheed and ,old, man, then the deputy director of the Defense everybody else going to want to collect." Lett Out in tine C intelligence Agency. Even Adm. Inman, (Lockheed Corp. won't comment on what it who later went on to become the deputy di? says is classified information, but it is one of Seek Fringe Benefits rector of the Central Intelligence Agency be- many companies that are known to have fore resigning last July, praises 157's work. provided cover for U.S. spies in the past.) +~ * He says it was just a victim of federal bud- The seed of 157 was an order from Presi- get cuts. dent Kennedy in 1962 for the Navy to gather Members of Secret Task Fora: Members of the task force were furious more information about Cuba from Cuban Go to Court to %Virl Credit and still are. More than a dozen of them employees at the Navy base in Guantanamo. agreed to interviews with this reporter, al. The. Navy dispatched an egg-bald, 6-foot-4, For Their Years of Service though, as might be expected, almost none 290?pound veteran intelligence officer named wanted to be quoted by name. Spying is a Thomas Duval to get the job done. Mr. Du- secret business, and Judge John McCarthy Dal looks like Daddy Warbucks but goes by By JI?NATn,jN KwiT:NY of the Merit Systems Protection Board, a the nickname "Smoke." The name refers to Staff Reporter of Tnt; WALS. S- :L-r JuvKtiA,, federal employee appeals body, is enforcing the oversized stogie he usually clutches, but It. may not be exactly the way Nathan special secrecy around 157 pending his ad- friends say it suits his character, too. Hale would have reacted but some 3C, U.S. ministrative-court decision on the federal Pick a Number spies who were laid off four years ago are so pay status and benefit issues. His Originally all, enlisted man, Mr. Duval upset at having to stay out in the cold that expected any day. The case-heard in total helped U.S. intelligence forces infiltrate Eu they have taken uncle San, to court over secrecy-has dragged on for four years, and their lost pension rights and other dimin coned unions the and was the former spies say that if they lose, they co mae m maritime an officer. His work work in Cuba ished federal benefits, will sue in federal court. 'was admired enough by the Navy that in The men once belonged to a super-secret There is outspoken bitterness among '1965 It assigned him to -organize a world. Navy operation called Task Force 157 that some of the men who believe that dropping wide maritime spy effort. On Aug. 7, 1965, it clandestinely gathered information about the task force was a maneuver of Adm. In. was designated Task Force 157 (the number maritime affairs all around the world. To fa. man to advance his own intelligence career. was arbitra cilitate their work, the Navy allowed the Others say it represented a victory for the number, one ro operative e someone's room men to set up business fronts on their own opere suggests). ?au=erful corporate suppliers of expensive About 30 0 Navy officers and 70 civilian in- and to recruit foreign nationals as agents. "black box" satellite and electronic systems ` officers This kind of intelligence gathering was bf strategic information gathering over "hu- group. The Navy Nvck were box" satello the new 1 curtailed after congressional investigations mit" ompaniesln some dour, a' " tan intelligence-communit Y bureau- mercial shipping companies in Alexandria, in the mid-1970s uncovered embarrassing cratic term for information systems relying Va., to serve as employment cover for them. abuses (not involving Task Force 157). But on human agents). They raise the possibility Task-force members were stationed in ma- now it seems to be corning back. The Rea- that the death of 157 has left the U.S. dan- j for ports around the world. They created gall administration has said that CIA Direr- gerously short of important strategic intelli- still other business fronts and recruited local for William C2sev intends to use business ?ence. nationals as agents.. and commercial "'cover" much more th::r. h. Former Spy Indicted Eventually 157 encompassed "more than the pas:. r hfudd 500 reporting human sources," Sen. Strom Says one former 157 operative: "My job ythg the arguments both pro and Thurmond said in a letter protesting its de- was to find out what the Soviet navy- was do- con about Task Force 157 is the fact that the miss and written at the urging of Adm. ing here, here and here (pointing to loca- notorious former spy Edwin Wilson, facing Moorer, the retired Navy boss. tions on a make-believe map). I had a great trial next week on federal charges of selling Besides stin deal of leeway in how to go about it. If I fti;h technology war materiel to Libya and : Po g informers in most of the wanted to set up a shipping company. 1 be- other alleged crimes, was a 157 operative af? a lot by principal ports infiltrating the world, 157 also learned came president of a shipping company." ter his official retirement from the CIA. Mr. maritime unions: Its for, During the Vietnam t','ar, Task Force I57 Wilson joined 157 as a full-time employee in met operatives say. Adm. Moores, a strong penetrated North Vietnam's transport indus? 1971, and his contract lapsed on April 30, tans to know ndo the task sforce says, hips , are coming imom, is in try, according to Adm. Thomas H. Moorer, 1976, despite his efforts to continue it. Al- what want kind hof where flag ships arwhat's g, n the retired chief of naval operations. "157 though his 15, salary is said to have been no the they're flying, y gave us the exact schedules of ships enter- more than 535.000 a year, Mr. Wilson made hold when they y offload it. There's no ing and leaving Haiphong Harbor," he says, millions of dollars through his various deal. way you can photograph this from satellites, adding that this helped in planning how to Ingo and established a lavish estate in N'ir or even low-flying aircraft." Along with its mine the harbor. gyms. value during the Vietnam War, "the system Boon to Kissinger W IM lb will anticipanon of the Wil? ? son scandal by Adm. Inman may have led to ; ma and Pakistan war" and is missed now, Partly because it was small and serf-con y he adds. tained, the task force developed such a se- his axing the task force. Adm. Inman, how- ,?, _, It -- ..... __ F(MMPr C-os a.innw.. n1- e ornm nt ste of c s u . y ouwap that n' the budget before Mr. Wilson embar? Hess, especially compared with the cost of forrier Secretary of State Henry Kissinger rassed the Navy intelligence from satellites-"a drop in the preferred it to standard embassy communi The Navy won't even say why it won't bucket," says one retired admiral. _ Sources cations when he wanted to send messages w pay the claims. Comparatively little money familiar with 157's budget say it never ex- Pay eign Wh itrhn~se while he was visiting for. is believed. to be involved, and the fight is needed 5.5 million a year, not counting the - making a public spectacle of a supposedly ! salaries of 30 Navy officers and the cost of secret operation. One reason may concern electronically outfitting some boats, which STAT the use of business cover for spies. Says one the Navy paid for. The boats, disguised as former Navy supervisor. "If these guys are pleasure yachts, shadowed Soviet and other allowed to collect, then you are going to suspicious ships and lurked around critical . Approved For Release 2005/12/14: CIA-RDP91-00901R000400100002-4 Approved For Release 2005/12/14: CIA-RDP91-00901 R0004001 0 ARM= arz4RED THE WASHINGTON TIMES ON PAGE - 9 NOVEMBER 1982 Haig says 'faceless' steers -:. thd ill C ' Haig said he and National Security Adviser Richard Allen, "in coordina- tion with [Defense Secretary' Caspar] Cap Weinberger and [CIA Director] Bill Casey, spent three weeks prior to the inauguration" and developed .',with some contention as is always the. case, a reflection of the consensus" of the scope of Haig's authority and duties on foreign policy. "It was when it left that forum that all the controversy developed;' said Haig, saying as far as he knew it -was never presented directly to Reagan .but ;:,rather to "what I refer-to as.a group of faceless staff people":.-,.: He also said he wask'wmehow;por- ..trayed to the American press by- .face-less people"as-a person bent on hying "to seize control of the levers of,gov- ernment:" Reagan has refused to discuss pub- licly the reasons for Haig's departure. Haig said there is "always a range of motivations when these, -things'~hap- -pen: , Asked how he thought Itis absence has affected U.S. policy, he replied: "If 1 thought it would serve a useful pur- pose to answer frankly your question, then I'd be shouting it to the housetops. But I don't think it would. United Press ir4WMtionel ,lam 1.r Alexander Haig yesterday -attrib uted his ouster as secretary of state to "a range of motivations;' includuig betrayal by "faceless people" iQp toe White House staff. But he declined to blame William Clark, his former top State Department aide who became White House national security adviser, for 'forcing -'his res- ignation last June. Haig's remarks came in-the first pf a three-part interview broadcast on CBS' "Morning News..". His resignation was accepted-June 25 after he disagreed with the press- -dent's decision to impose sanctions on European firms sending'U.S.-licensOd goods to the Soviet 'Union for use in a natural gas pipeline project. He was not present atthe meeting when the decision was made, he, not perhaps because "`some people like confrontational meetings, aid that's very understandable." He said pit is possible Clark was saving thetpresi- dent from a session "in which I would have clearly taken the other side." Haig also referred yesterday to.a flap over a memo he purportedly gale to the White House just hours after the inauguration that spelled out broad powers for him in his role as secretary of state. ' Approved For Release 2005/12/14: CIA-RDP91-00901R000400100002-4 Approved For Release 2005/12/14: CIA-RDP91-009( ARTICLE APPEARED O~ PAGE; , ____ N WSV,'E:E K 8 NOVEMSEP 1982 Is Covert Action Necessary? w 1;, nor destabilize Nicaragua? The Sandinistas are no friends of ours. They have cozied up to Castro and Brezh- nev. They have funneled arms to the leftist rebels in El Salvador. They are building an army larger than they need for their own defense. By example, if nothing else, they pose a threat to right-wing rulers in places like Honduras and Guatemala-bad guys. to be sure, but ourbad guys, and arguably no worse than the other kind. Which is the lesser evil: to unleash a little thuggery on the Sandinistas, who play by those rules, or to wash our hands of dirty tricks, for fear of getting into deeper trouble? Why not arm the rebels in Afghanistan? As a matter of fact, we're doing that. Why not make trouble for Muammar Kaddafi?. We're doing that, too. V'7hy not send secret financial aid to Solidarity? If we're doing that, most Americans would approve-and would rather not know. There are worse things than covert action. But ifa democrat- ic nation is to meddle in the affairs of an- other country, it must abide by certain rules: don't violate your own principles. Don't make things worse. Don't get caught. Subversion: The Central Intelligence Agency defines covert action as "any clan- destine operation or activity designed to influence foreign governments, organiza- tions, persons or events in support of United States foreign policy." That covers every- thing from planting a pro-American edito- rial in a foreign newspaper to staging coups or raising secret armies. Democratic ideals often do not square with covert action. Some conspiracies launched in defense of American democracy end up subverting de- mocracy elsewhere. In Chile, for example, the CIA destabilized the government of an elected president, Salvador Allende, a Marxist who eventually was deposed and assassinated. But no coven action is a com- plete success unless it remains a secret. and secrets are hard to keep in an open society. In the case of Chile, the CIA tried to cover up by lying to Congress, and eventually a loyal American, former CIA Director Richard Helms, had to plead no contest to a false-testimony charge. Covert action can turn out for the best, but the only truly successful operations run by the CIA are the ones we still don't know about. Before World War II, intelligence work consisted mostly of gathering information and thwarting enemy spies. The wartime Office of Strategic Services, the CIA's pred- ecessor, broadened the franchise to include propaganda, political action and dirty tricks of almost every description. After the war, the CIA helped the democracies of Western Europe to stave off communist subversion by subsidizing socialists, Christian Demo- crats and labor unions. In its heyday, which lasted until the mid-1970s. the CIA launched literally thousands of secret pro- grams, most of them low-budget political and propaganda operations. But it didn't hesitate to stage coups and raise private armies, especially in the Third World. There were fiascoes, notably at the Bay of Pigs. Yet the CIA also managed to overthrow leftist regimes in countries like Guatemala and Iran and to wagea long "secret war" in Laos by transforming primitive tribesmen into a surprisingly effective army. Rebirth: In the wake of Vietnam and Watergate, there was a virtual moratorium on the messier kinds of cover, action. CIA operatives were discharged by the hun- dreds. Congress required that it be informed of every covert action. It was Jimmy Carter, the champion of human rights and open r.,.-, , unritng paramthtary operations in about 10 countries, including Afghanistan. The Afghanistan mission involves only a handful of CIA agents, but it has spent hundreds of millions of dollars on weapons shipped to the rebels through third parties, such as Egypt. Two separate covert actions have been aimed at Libyan leader Kaddafi. One was designed to stir up trouble for him in. Chad (Libya has since withdrawn its occupation forces from that country). The other authorized contacts with Libyan dis- sidents in exile, in hopes of putting together a legitimate opposition. Briefing one con- gressional committee, CIA Director Wil- liam Casey said such activities might lead to the "ultimate" removal of Kaddafi. As a last resort, the destabilization or overthrow of a foreign government may be necessary. whether it involves subtle subver- sion or something nastier. Perhaps the same result could be achieved in broad daylight by military action or overt diplomacy. But if the public doesn't want to go to war, and if diplomacy offers insufficient leverage, cov- ert action is the only alternative to backing down. Such plots may offend a democracy's sense of decency-and seem expedient all the same. If the aim of a covert action is in line with what Americans generally consid- er necessary, prudent and moral, most of them will tolerate the means. Plot: Even so, a free society should not sacrifice its principles lightly. Plots against foreigners may not be as necessary as some practitioners of the covert arts would have us believe. In 1960 the CIA decided to kill Patrice Lumumba, the former prime minis- ter of the Congo, who appeared to be on the verge of regaining power and handing his country over to the Soviet Union. The U.S. plan to poison Lumumba was never carried out-in part, perhaps, because key CIA operatives thought murder was going too far. "I didn't regard Lumumba as the kind of person who was going to bring on World War III,'' CIA station chief Lawrence Dev- lin told a congressional committee years later. "I saw him as a danger to the political position of the United States in Africa, but nothing more than that." Eventually, Lu- Approved For Release 2005/12/14: CIA-RDP91-0090'4hb~1~$tq?' his political oppo- e t. o ann un e m due course that he had been killed after escaping from jail. "Murder corrupts." said another reluctant Approved For Release 2005/12/14: CIA-RDP91-00901 NEWSWEEK 8 November 1982 I N TERFAA,t IONAL A Secret War For Nicaragua A covert operation to restrict the flow of Cuban arms to El Salvador expands into a larger plan to undermine the Sandinista government in Managua, miring the Reagan administration deeper in Central America. The smoky bar in Tegucigalpa was a cousin to Rick's Cafe in "Casa- blanca," a nightly gathering place for the dangerous and the desperate in Hon. duras. Squeezed into a corner one evening last week were four Argentine military ad- visers, speaking machine-gun Spanish and occasionally stealing furtive glances around the room. A half-dozen Americans stood in a loose line at the bar, drinking beer and talking too loudly about guns. In the center of the room, grouped around a table that listed far right, were seven men drinking rum. One of them wore a gold earring. He explained that the seven men were Nicara- guan exiles who belonged to various fac- tions of 10 contra, a band of counterrev- olutionaries trying to topple the leftist Sandinista regime. They were ready to move toward Managua, one of the men said. "''e just need to hear from The Boss that it's time to go." Who was The Boss? The man with the earring was impatient with stupid questions. "lie's the man you call `Mr. Ambassador'." The envoy in question was John D. Ne- groponte, the American ambassador in Honduras. Official sources told NEws- WEEK last week that Negroponte is oversee- ing an ambitious covert campaign to arm, train and direct Nicaraguan exiles to inter. cept the flow of arms to leftist guerrillas in El Salvador. But the operation has another objective: to harass and undermine the Cu- ban-backed government of Nicaragua. The project traces back to Jimmy Carter's ef- forts to support Nicaraguan moderates. Ronald Reagan added the task of cutting the Cuban-Nicaraguan arms pipeline to El Salvador. The plot, launched mostly with popguns and machismo, now threatens in- stead to destabilize Honduras, to fortify the Marxists in Nicaragua and to waste U.S. prestigealong the tangled banks of the Coco River. Worse, U.S. officials concede there is Cr,!vx:11'L D Approved For Release 2005/12/14: CIA-RDP91-00901R000400100002-4 CLE Q A r For Release 20 2f C~~P91-00901 000400100002-4 ART I '~-y- - 7 NOVEASIBER 1982 ON FAGS NICARAGUA REBELS BUILD UP STRENGTH Increased U.S. Aid Reported to Improve Performance on Honduras Border By ALAN RIDING Spec Ito7beN YtatTimes TEGUCIGALPA, Honduras, Nov. 8 . -Nicaraguan exile groups seeking the overthrow of the Sandinist Government! have sharply improved their military performance in the last six months be. cause of stepped up United States aid, according to Honduran and foreign offi. cials here. .,They used to be a few improvised gangs scattered along the border," a Honduran Army officer said of the groups, which have been operating from camps in southern Honduras. "Now they have well-armed columns of up to 1,000 men penetrating deep into At the same time, the officials said that the Reagan Administration, while becoming deeply involved in training and arming the exile groups, has so far been reluctant to work with more mod- erate opponents of Nicaragua's Sandin- ist Government. The officials. also said that the Cen- tral Intelligence Agency had recently taken over from Argentine Army off i. sera the task of advising the groups. Indians Are Recruited The recruitment of many Nicaragua Miskito Indians who fled into Honduras early this year swelled the exile force to over 4,000, organized in some 12 camps. These covert operations are believed part of a broader American strategy aimed at harassing the Sandinist re- gime and using Honduras to prevent the spread of leftist influence from El Sal. vador and Nicaragua to the rest of Cen. tral America. Only this year has the United States, which has long sought to shield this country from the turmoil in surround. ing countries, begun to assign Honduras a more active role in combating revolu- tionary forces in the region. The Hondu- ran Army has been strengthened by United States military aid, following the buildup of the Nicaraguan armed, forces. The Hondurans have also been helping the Salvadoran Army in its bat. tle against leftist guerrillas ensconced near the Honduran border. This policy has been enthusiastically endorsed by the head of Honduras's armed forces, Gen. Gustavo Alvarez Martinez, who is said by friends to be- lieve that Honduras will be secure only when Nicaragua's Sandinist regime has been toppled and Salvadoran rebels have been crushed. This approach has stirred some alarm in Honduran civilian and mili- tary circles. Some politicians here maintain that this long-stable country is being unnecessarily exposed to terror- ist.xeprisals from El Salvador and Is being led toward a military confronta- tion with Nicaragua Furth er some . , After the Reagan Administration! Honduran Army officers believe they backed Britain in its -would not emerge the winners of a war ; iwislands1 wi ithin the Falkland year, however, many of the Within the e Reagan d Reagan Administration, this over entine advisers were withdrawn, some officials argue that Washington ro the United States to asSnme should support a more moderate oppo- prompting sition beaded by Eden Pastore Gomez, a more direct role in the counterrevolu. 'an exiled Sandinist hero known as Com- tionary operation. According to local of- mander Zero, rather than remnants of the Somoza regime's national guard who fled here after the 1979 revolution. "We're backing the wrong horse again," one official said recently. "We're playing into the hands of the Sandinists because, if anyone is hated in Nicaragua, it's the national guard." In several attempts to reach agree- ment with both the United States. and the Honduran Army earlier this year,. Mr. Pastora and his allies, who include a former Nicaraguan junta member, Alfonso Robelo Callejas, have report- edly been rebuffed. Somoza Link a Sticking Point At first, according to aides to Mr. Pastora, talks broke down because an offer of help required him to work with some exile groups linked to the former Nicaraguan dictator, Anastasio Somoza Debayle. "We recognize that we need the 1 United States," a Pastora aide said, "but we're not going to ally ourselves with theguard." - rtedly renewed iMr. ts efforts to obtain repo ain United States assistance, at times through American members of Con- gress. But the overtures led nowhere. By the time Mr. Pastora publicly de- nounced his former Sandinist col- leagues in April this year, the United States was already involved in a covert operation along broad lines reportedly approved personally by President Rea- gan last December. Earlier this year, Administration officials were reported to have said that $19 million had been assigned to form paramilitary units. to operate out of Honduras. Officials here said that retired Gen- eral Vernon Walters, an Ambassador at Large in the State Department,. played a key role in obtaining Argentine col laboration in the plan, with some of the funds sent to the Buenos Aires regime, which in turn dispatched 60 to 100 pare- fic ials, a director of the C.I.A., Wil= liam J. Casey, secretly visited Hon. duras in May this-year.- Since then, the size of the C.I.A. sta- tion in Honduras has sharply increased, Honduran officials said, Meanwhile, the United States agreed to increase its military aid to Honduras in fiscal 1982 from a budgeted $10.7 mil- lion to $31.3 million. The number of United States military advisers train. iris Honduran troops rose sharply, with a total of 95 members of the "mobile training teams" here at one point in , March this year. I Approved For Release 2005/12/14: CIA-RDP91-00901R000400100002-4 Approved For Release 2005/12/14: CIA-RDP91-00 ARTICLE APPEARED LOS ANGELES MMES ,, , 7 NOVEMBER 1982 C, 71E trovessial issues underlying U.S.' counterintelligence performance= the u Coll n tpjpgV I o Bulthestud) n~~ :lookining into o the broader, more con- such as whether the various.agen ties in the field should be better coordinated, whether. they - should - Texas. It has been directed to cm;- mine all aspects of the coimterintel- ligence picture, including possible I organizational changes. WABHINGTON= ,?; tis ._ ^ear of Single A,geaey brewing ? within the -government. This has raised fears within the over efforts to-refann'US.- mter_ intelligence community that a sin- intelligence-activities after oomple=::. gie counterspy agency may emerge j 'lion of a ,secret- study orded-by and, if given police powers and au- i President Reagan on the 13nreat to. ihority to keep files on Americans, the nation posed by roviet?'' - ; - 4 and would raise the specter of a national other foreign agents " ': security organization to spy on" US A central element intbe devirlop- citizens. ing controversy -is the *uestion 01. ? it would become-the .focus mot how far the United States: Should only of liberal attacks for the rest of move -toward , cr ting :a E-single the century,. reviving ghosts of the counterintelligence agency: Soave: FBI files and (farmer FBI chief 7. intelligence officials believe girster Edgar) Hoover, but also a target for centralization is needed to ;fit . penetration by the Soviets," said foreign spying, but 'others'beiieve: fine government official who asked that such a move would rekindle old .fears of a Big Washing- .not to be identified;: ;..W .: ` . . ton spying on private rftizens, DecentraU .,at5on lso' pa ovi -.a The presidential study.-of .& ce- way to. get competitive analyses of the pabilities and resources in c mier: S avoid the and of other .data;: io intelligence, overseen by Williams the government ection eing.s wttbout'smtaadeff Casey, director of the Central Intel in a V90119 di o=: ligence Agency, made more than gusto review," another official said. 100 recommendations last:.August, ' On the other hand, there appears, Administration officials said .. _~ . to. be a unanimous .view ,fin" the Broader Issoes -government that improvement. is ignored ' _ needed in the present decentralized -'And the ?resident ~'haa'osde systeni. Casey to examine ways to imple- As now. structured, the FBI. meat the ridings, -an ;Admieiatra spends 80% of ? the nation's total lion official said...: " By.-ROBERT C. Vii, Times Staff Writes Baffle Brews OFver been assigned to the Presidents Foreign - intelligence - Advisory' D1 ns to Bring U$. ? " Board, .oortxposed of 19.prrvate ati- mot, tens under-the chairmanship of fort 'Efforts 'r i4t~ mer Ambassador and White Souse counselor Anne Arm ""- of ed information and,...ultimatety. whether they should be redrgat>ized Bid-Argued. into a single central agency. ' . - `Instead, this broader examination Approved For Release 2005/12/14: CIA-RDP91-00901R000400100002-4 Approved For Release 20 *t?, AFR91-00901R 6 NOVD= 1982 Report Recommends Steps To Increase Protection Against Spies A secret report ordered by President Reagan recommends that the United States shore up its protection against foreign spies by adding agents to follow the growing number of visiting foreign officials, a newspaper says. The report also suggests cutting down on the travel flexibility of foreigners, the Los Angeles Times reported in Sunday editions. 'In addition, it recommends measures to improve the nation's physical security and to standardize personnel security clearance criteria among various agencies, the Times said. The report, completed in August, was overseen by central Intelligence Agency director William Casey. The Foreign Intelligence Advisory Board has been assigned to consider whether a central counterintelligence organization should be formed to coordinate activities of disparate groups ranging from the CIA to the Department of Energy, which oversees nuclear weapons research. That board is headed by former ambassador and White House counselor Anne Armstrong of Texas and includes 18 private citizens. Some intelligence officials believe a centralized agency would better combat spying threats. Others say it would rekindle old fears of a government which, under the guise of counter-espionage, might persecute its critics, the Times said. "it would become the focus not only of liberal attacks for the rest of the century, reviving ghosts of the FBI files and (former FBI chief J. Edgar) Hoover, but also a target for penetration by the Soviets," the Times quoted one unidentified government official as saying. However, the newspaper said there is a unanimous view in government that the current decentralized system needs to be improved. "There was and still is no one place in our government where the president can ask what is the true nature of the KGB threat to us, whether it is a low-grade problem or really worrying," one source told the Times. "But he can ask the strength of the Soviet economy, Soviet military order of battle and practically any other thing of the intelligence community." Currently, the FBI gathers counterintelligence information in the United States but cannot analyze all such data collected by other national agencies. Similar limits are placed on the CIA. "For stopping the technology leaks to Moscow," one official said, "maybe Casey should run all the counterintelligence efforts. But now his authority .tops at the water's edge, while the FBI and other agencies have the domestic responsibility. Approved For Release 2005/12/14: CIA-RDP91-00901R000400100002-4 Approved For Release 2005112/14: CIA-RDP91-00901 R000 ....~ ~~_. li '.L''.L.fiii.Lj THE WASHINGTON POST 5 November 1982 William Casey, left, and Edwin Meese; by Craig Herndon' Victory on Wheels! Gray's Party for Reagan's Two Years. By Lois Romano . You would have thought ii was Election Night 1980 at the Century Plaza Hotel ' in downtown Los Angeles where the Reagan troops triumphed. Not the Watergate 48 hours after the GOP made a mediocre showing in the off-year elections. Everyone seemed awfully happy. Even Victory, the Republican Robot who stole the spotlight from CIA director William Casey, the guest of honor. Last night Robert Keith Gray-the relentless pub- licist-hosted a formal dinner for Casey, campaign di- rector for the presidential election. It was the second anniversary of the Nov. 4 Reagan victory.-The 100 in- vited Republican heavies were still .patting each other on the back. Just when all political PR gimmicks seem to be exhausted in this town, leave it to Gray to come up with STAT 1 Victory and Sophia Casey; by Craig Herndon Approved For Release 2005/12/14: CIA-RDP91-00901R000400100002-4 Approved For Release 2005/12/14: CIA-RDP91-00901 ROOq NEW YORK TIMES ARTICLE APPEARED l* NOVEMBER 1982 ON PAGE_ -----.~-C~.. VVASHINGTON TALK Dinner for Casey. N of sated by Republican election- night revels, a select Adminis- tration group will climb into dinner jackets and gowns tonight and trundle over to the Watergate to honor William J. Casey, the Director of Cen- tral Intelligence, on the second anni- versary of President Reagan's 1980 campaign, which Mr. Casey man- aged. The host for the dinner for 100 peo- ple is Robert K. Gray, the unofficial public relations laureate of the Ad- ministration. A Gray aide promised that "something special, something very unusual and amusing" would take place during the celebration, but refused to divulge details. Phil Galley. Warren Weaver Jr. Approved For Release 2005/12/14: CIA-RDP91-00901R000400100002-4 Approved For Release 2005/12/14: CIA-RDP91-00901R000 RADIO N REPORTS, IN 4701 WILLARD AVENUE. CHEVY CHASE, MARYLAND 20815 656-4068 PROGRAM CBS Evening News STATION WDVM-TV CBS Network DATE November 2, 1982 6:45 P.M. Baltimore, Md. DAN RATHER: Much attention has, been given to U.S. efforts to overtly help the non-leftist regimes of Central America. Among them, El Salvador and Honduras. Those efforts include military and economic assistance. But there also are covert efforts, as Bob Schakne reports. ROBERT SCHAKNE: U.S. Government officials confirm that the CIA has organized and is supporting a covert military operation in Central America targeted against the left-wing Sandinista government of Nicaragua. Officials, who ask not to be identified, say the operation is based in neighboring Honduras, that it involves small-scale paramilitary forces conducting raids across the border designed to harass the Nicaraguan government. The officials say the operation was approved by President Reagan and is strongly supported by CIA Director William Casey. On a day-to-day basis, it's being directed by U.S. Ambassador to Honduras John Negroponte. In public, State Department officials decline to confirm or deny these reports. The covert operation in Central America has drawn sharp criticism on Capitol-Hill among members of both House and Senate Intelligence Committees. Among the most outspoken is Vermont Senator Patrick Leahy. SENATOR PATRICK LEAHY: I've told the President [unintelligible] he makes a foreign policy mistake, if he wants to subsitute covert activity for a good foreign policy. And I think that they'd find a very attractive alternative to t h e S o v i APpcwed For, Itele ascC24M/1:2f14w:ECiA RUf 1r00DOtRQ"001 ?2-d in