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September 1, 1982
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Approved For Release 2005/12/14: CIA-RDP91-00901 R0004 TULANIAN Tulane University (LA) Fall 1982 Conversation with Stansfield Turner by Garry Boulard As snow fell in Washington that brisk Sunday morning in January 1981, Stansfield Turner, then head of the Central Intelligence Agency, sensed the mounting pressure and excitement as he and his wife neared the White House. "I knew there really wasn't any reason for me to be there," the fifty-eight-year- old Carter appointee recalled. "There wasn't anything for me to do, but I just felt like I should be with the people I had worked with all those months in one of their most important hours." An official White House photo released later in the day captured the drama of the moment: Turner, still in his overcoat, sits in a corner of the Oval Office, while such one-time heavyweights as Walter Mon- dale, Zbigniew Brzezinski, Ed Muskie, and G. William Miller await the latest word on the release of Iran's U.S. hostages-an ordeal that had plagued so many political careers. In the middle of the photo stands the man who in two days would no longer be this countr s commander-in-chief. Some- what beleaguered. almost certainly tired, President Jimmy Carter appeared to be lost in thought. Despite the high drama of the situation. Turner remembered a few funny and even emotional incidents that occurred before the hostages were released and Ronald Reagan was sworn in as the next president. "We were, for the most part, just sitting around, hoping for some new breakthrough, trying to remain calm. We'd all go into another room for coffee and to chat, then the phone would ring, and we'd all run back into the Oval Office. It got to be a little ridiculous after a while." Even as Carter's final hours as president dwind leAp1wovediCOO F;Mli perform some of the ceremonial functions required of that high office. Turner .vas American citizens and the covert action taken against governments such as those of Cuba and Chile, where certain political movements thought to be anti-American were ruthlessly squelched or attacked. One result of that congressional recommendation was the 1974 Hughes- Ryan Amendment, which stipulated that before the CIA undertook any operation which would involve it in the business of a foreign country, the president of the United States would have to justify that activity as essential to the security of this nation and then officially inform various congressional committees. Such balance-of-power juggling acts would later prompt Carter to complain that every time he wanted to conduct any sort of covert action, he was obligated to inform seven or eight congressional committees. Presently lecturing across the country and appearing on NBC as a military correspondent, the graying, physically fit Turner refutes George Bernard Shaw's description of top-level government offi- cials as "people who have no souls, and are born stale." On the contrary, in a wide-ranging conversation with Tulanian, Turner proved that he's not afraid to express his opinion, whether the subject is the press ("Most reporters are looking for that big Watergate-like story and if they don't find it they'll practically make one up') or the present foreign policy of the Reagan Administration ("It has been primarily one of poor planning and mixed signals.') Tulanian: The battle for the Falkland Islands seems to be, for the rime being anyway, settled. Were there ant' lessons for us to learn from this struggle? Turner: There were a lot of them. First F (!0 4(30T010d05'Lj et involved in a war when you don't have a vital interest involved. slated to receive the National Security Medal for his almost four years as chief of the ever-controversial CIA. "I left a message with the White House that they didn't have to go through with the ceremony. I knew the president was tired and I thought they could just mail the medal to me," said Turner. But Carter was adamant. He wanted to personally thank the CIA director for his service to the country. For Turner, a man not given to sentimental display, the gesture was heartfelt. In New Orleans this summer to address the Tulane Founder's Society, Turner, a devotee of twelve-hour workdays who seems to gain energy as the day wears on, held an hour-long press conference, appeared on a local television show, hobnobbed with local officials, and in between it all raced back to his hotel room to make several business calls to New York. A graduate of Annapolis, where he ranked ahead of classmate Caner in 1946, Turner also graduated from Oxford University before assuming a variety of naval duties ranging from commanding a minesweeper to running a guided missile frigate. After twenty years of naval service, he was promoted to rear admiral in 1970 and later became commander of the Second Fleet in the Atlantic. He became known as something of an innovator in that position and made a practice of checking up on the readiness of his ships by making surprise helicopter visits. When Carter tapped Turner to head the CIA in 1977, that agency had just gone through one of the most difficult periods of its thirty-five-year history. A congres- sional investigating committee headed by former senior Democratic senator Frank "W'200511241W: QUA-F &$eo o sharp controls over what it viewed as the CIA's rampant abuse of the privacy of P_ I roved For Release 2005/12/14: CIA-RDP91-00901R00040010 ART CLE APPEARED THE v YORK TB? ',S ON PAGE - / 31 AUsUST 1982 .Book. on Reagan Aides Cites e and Links to Industry ` a, : BYJUhTI~l?OMER:::, L t SpedaltaTTbeMmYb,*rn a '`:` ...- .~- ;.: wAaIUUNGT(AV, Aug._30 -- A newt Tlie book also notes-tliat when' Wil=d t ook of profiles of top Reagan Adminis-1 liami . casev_ n w Mr, nr .,t ro? I Lrauvn uniciais snows a preponderance n e , sere as n er. ecretary of millionaires and businessmen in- o m e axon s ra o , t n, e :eluding appointees front 23 different in- advoca a eve meat o-IT coo .r ~:dustries who now regulate or oversee alive energy projects wt a Soviet the industriestheycamefrom. nion,.an is. quo as menti 0 The took the subject of"a , news con- gas companies go g m a t `' Terence called today by Ralph Nader, a _1-ines, as an examp e. eagan ersist t iti f h p en cr c o t e Reagan Adtninis- ministration is now trying to block such t. tration, contains short biographies of a pipeline project , -? u 100 officials.. It also Includes excerpts ` from interviews with 57 of them and in- Contradictions With Policy H formation from financial disclosure r -In another contradiction with current . ports and otherdata- . - , ,. Government policy, neither Edward "Almost30 of the top officials are mit- Rowny, the chief strategic arms control lionaires. an4 many are multimillion. negotiator, nor Deputy Defense Secre- t acres. -who view the Federal Govern- tary Frank C. Carlucci support Mr. ment as an instr anent for the powerful . Reagan's assertion that the -' Soviet and wealthy,. unaccountable- to the pub- Union has a margin of nuclear supers- lie, ' Mr. Nader said at the news confer- ority over the United States: ence. '."It is a government of extraondi- "I see some sort of paarity now," Mr. nariiy broad wealth narrow vision a d Carlucci conclud i th , n es n ebook, little compassion," he asserted- The book, saying them is a strong 1 Reagan Administration officials did senior Administration dr- not respond directly today to. Mr. Iles about the need to bolster American i Nader's observations. However, the Ad- military prowess, notes that 32 of the I ministration has in the past taken pride 100 officials, including ' Secretary, of l in the number of officials it has re- State George P. Shultz, were members; cruiiedfrom the private sector, aigiiing of the Committee on the Present Dan-; that such people contribute manage- ger, a private group created in 1976 to meet experience, pragmatism . and a mobilize public opinion and military healthy skt~~m about the role of might against.Soviet aggrandizement. = rceagan-s- Ruttitg c lass, is not new. The study also notes that two key ofri .. But the 747 page work, written by two of cials responsible for domestic and in- Ma. Nader's aides, Ronald Brownstein ternationai nuclear policy came from j and Nina Easton, is the most compre- the atomic power industry. They are; pensive compilation to date of inforrea- Deputy Energy Secretary W. Kenneth Lion about the almost exclusively male Davis, formerly vice president for nu- circle of officials who formulate and clear development at Bechtel Corpora- t carry out President Reagan's policies. tion, one of the world's major nuclear Insights and Anecdotes contractors, and Assistant Secretary of The book offers several inciohtc av+,t State James Malone, who is responsible ; Lion members. For instance, it reuorts lawfi a wvi t h of isvuo a tee szing, a law firm that has represented several that while serving in-the Nixon Admin. a___:_------?------.,... The book quotes Roy Wood, who r''41C' nos ve come a crusade, perhaps worked for Mr. Watt in the Bureau of its single most cherished energy goal, Outdoor Recreation, as stating- .'Watt c~+o,ncludes the beck, which sells for; ' ._..J J._.-. $24.50.. - . - - 'i said "ret?s nMV ~},....0 It twisting in my backbone." Nader termed "corporate enterprise," T Then, the .hook recounts, Mr. Watt he added that surprisingly few Admin-~ spoke to Mr. Wood's wife. "'He said he istratlon officials were drawn from had talked-with the Lord and the Lord "'the far right wing of the Republican' felt that we should return to Georgia, Party" Matilda Wocd re'ailesiin the tlrook. Approve - ForRetease M 5/12/14 : t"iXC=RIIP91-00901 R000~00'COUOU5-1 Approved For Release 200~/a~261A4 TC~IIA~gFL~-00901 R0 31 August 1982 Freedom Qf i~~a~r~atior~ ?~~c~er at~ac~C again .. Anyone .who has been in the service probably has heard the phrase "need to know." In dealing with military secrets it is a conve- nient way of restricting informa- tion to certain categories of personnel. Such restrictions make' it less likely that large amounts of information will be compromised at the same time. In general,' it works well. However, problems often arise when security categories of gov- ernment agencies conflict with the .public's needs for information. This conflict has become worse in the ' past few decades as government has sought to cope with the explo- sive grovrth of information of all kinds. Too often, material that is embarrassing ar legally dangerous to the bureaucracy has been classi- fied along with the genuine secrets. The need fora uniform law . relating to the release of informa- tion from all branches of the feder- al government became apparent to Congress in the mid-196Qs. As a result, 17 years ago lawmakers drew up the Freedom of Informa- tion Act, which provides for a wide margin. of public access to govern- ment material. Since its inception the law has been under attack from critics who claim it its being used in "unin- tended ways that? intern-ere with important government activities." Those activities repor'.edl3~ include intelligence gathering, law enforce- ment, corporate security and oth- ers. The Reagan administration favors weakening the act and has been carrying on a campaign to accomplish that goal. It no doubt is true that the information law makes it more difficult to operate clandestinely in this country. That can create prob- lems for people who want to re- cnzit-spies or infiltrate organized crime, but those tasks were never easy.. In the long run the benefits of the act must be balanced against the disadvantages. It has not been that long since a certain break-in occurred at the Watergate com- Alex in Washington, D.C:, a crime that became the mast famous "third-rate burglary" in history partly because reporters could rely on the information act, a valuable ryew legal tool. Since the iaw soak effect many abuses in government have been uncovered and subsequently cor- rected. without the act most of that wrongdoing might well have never been discovered. Recently CIA Director William Casey fired a" ne`w salvo of crit- icism at ,the law when he ad= dressed a veterans group in Chicago. Casey, whose awn busi- ness acti~~ities have come under close scrutiny by the press, told the group that the act is undermining U.S. intelligence operations. In fact, he went so far as to say that he doubts whether a secret intelli- gence agency and the act can "coexist. for very long." From here that sounds like ~so much rhetoric. There may be room for same modification, but general- ly the law works well and should be kept intact. , The test of leadership for. any administration is how well it' func- tions within the constraints of cir- cumstances and the law. Reagan a.-ad his ~ aides should halt their efforts to cripple -this statute and get used to performing in the hot' siuishine of public scrutiny. Approved For Release 2005/12/14 :CIA-RDP91-009018000400100005-1 Approved For Release 2~~~~?,~'~4 7~~q~gg~~1-0090 ` 31 August 19$2 E~i~~ria~s ~~~ri~~ a~~ ~~~~e~~ RUi~':l~ING AN intelligence agency in a free society means always working in a contradiction. Intelligence outfits have an easier time in totalitarian countries, where the intelligence chief often is the one to say what information people receive: Here we don't operate that way. Our soci- ety starts vrith the presumption that. an in- formed public is necessary to run a de- mocracy -- that. people have a fundamental right to l?:now what their government is doing. At the same time we do need in- telligence gathering, and the secrecy that requires is constantly being weighed against the public right to be informed. It's prohably natural. for an intelligence chief to privately wish- he did not have this conflict. ~r,,r?IA~ Director William Casey ex- pressQd the wish in public, at an American L~gian convention in Chicago. Casey said the Freedom of Information. Act, ~3rhich allows people who request it to get informa- t;on from government agencies, -rs harmful to intelligence work. ' "I question very seriously whether a secret intelligence agency and the Freedom of Information Act can coexist for very ~ long," Casey said. The implied con- sequence is that the Freedom of Informa- tion Act should be dumped. We don't sup- pose Casey has considered the possibility that, i~' a choice had to be made, somebody might suggest dumping ? the secret in- telligence agency. That mustn't be done, for security reasons. But freedom of information mustn't _ be dumped, either, for reasons even more fundamental to the nature of this society. In this country, we don't make an either/or choice between security and freedom. We are in a constant process of adjusting the demands of each so that both can coexist. Casey tells us nothing new when he points out the inherent contradiction. Nonetheless, that's the way we do things. A CIA director who can't accept this fails to understand the freedoms his agency is supposed to serve. Approved For Release 2005/12/14 :CIA-RDP91-009018000400100005-1 Approved For Release 2005/12/14 :CIA-RDP91-00901R0004a fiR t ~ G};ris ,~ x PE.~.RED 4N PAGE ~} - ~ r i'1I~ ~~LASIII`dGl'ON PAST 31 ~u ~usT 1982 e~ s a~~~~ 'or the well-Heeled ~; By David.. Koffman gadfly fta3.pi~ ~i~~er fit~d.~ a gi;ver,?;;:ier~~~ ~f narro~i viaiun and 17;~irle yr...n~ussion t'rta~ is "re;na~e fJ?~~r t?1e rea~.iti~.~s t~f Itfe far i-ii~st' I~ia~tGr c7 S;gi'tfLriei7Ct'. Ma;1d~~f LJ!~" t. Iip ~:.~~ J~~~.I~~~ iJy 411 it {. {3~~"~'.J~~'I~v.l4~, c~~i7lp:a~fi;~rir'" i'i~ f ~urc3 ~t~'~lt?'7 I'l:: ~'3~'~.7Ld ~n?~igC1~S'5 Cq-'i7Ll~~liJ~ a 1 -~~3~'ln.?i.~ Li t:.}WtiS s E.'ltl t~3. ?~;.~ P~23't:3 3=~53:D:3, t;gnCltt~~ it1~:~rVl~~sl5 fcir "?~s'.~,3ft'S ??11;.~t3C~ C~.~1S5." ~-ii~ said ~i2 fr;anti the adti~irtistra`in~n tt1 be Ca~.l~ru,ly itlc:~ffe-#rn~ ai:t7 the getlet~al ~:elfare and to be inherit t1n pradu~cittr.~ "a ~overtl,iteri~ ttf i;erie;?a1 i~?atcira, try 1~uPott s r fOt' i:Xkt3t1. " ~f the r~~~ i?fficials afi7g~#tt taut as r.?lost in f~.t,teriti.a~:, 5~~ grarit~d iritervi~;~Js ~n AJar~er's ~o~.~.eagu;?s. It1 those ci~rtversatin;~s, ti3e i~riter, tJnenvered saY~e srli ~.~pet~ mews. t-i~ila""dt":_: =eCretary ~it::1'.i'?Z. ~PI#'r4~, c`3s;{F.'C~ If ~F,: .~C't75L.'Li %J CAfi?ili~l:l;?il~ }:7' ~iYia~' rfc~Pl~s ~fi :~~ J~;s~zCe 31ep:~rt;ti;:nt, t~trdged ar~d ugC:i~:::~ "visib3.y ut~cc~;ja=ri~~,~J3e," the b~~J9~; s:a1d. RiiCiL3~.ria~ t:~~J~.13i7i, i!~}Iq r"!5 .1s.rrq~ic3~~ ~fi~~ry;7y +giMni"'ra~. 35 t't1~r Paa. .'] off2~cia1 Iii iiCtr' ~Jyyaa'~:~ ~,y 7apartmertt, dISC[Jyasi'Jj 1t,'rt 7p interviel:3 the YEi3..i`? of i:JJ7~?r}GCy3Ytir l ~fi~C~: J''4i~cY f. .. -ns s. i.J~(1 $5 ~C Y1~1~E' 17~.' Jr C[F"i Ci?tie?d :~i'1~t1` ~ti has C~ ~.Ir~r7r prt7S ~: ~~i i. ilr iii i'~~{~ Yar)~ Ci t~, ` "fhe_b~wx, .paid Presitte;lt A,eagan's i,ent>7ntii~n that the Sg~jld~ tinic~n en.~oys ft.~~.11.Y'~i"~ ~YG~v over tl1E.' nz sue". `~~d ~J ~ ~~ . _ -=" y d .. ~ dreg i?q eritt:~r?se;~r1'C itt zt~;.Lrv'?n;~;s ~ortdca~i:ed TML~~~i CIA ~irnctor i~iz~.~.ia;a Casey, arses t1?~~tirt;~r i;ijwarr~ :?oe;ny and i?e{~uty :~i~~e,~s? ~ecre~ary Fran;t Car~~JOCi. "5i~~e p?op~.e fudge i t ~,~ie way, so;;i~ pei;~p3 ~ dg~ i ~ _t3~~ fa_i:her 4;ay, " Casa-:y saki ir} :~ ~rit7-?20Lar s?5.~Ii,~3 Wi~ri ~tiC 4RFtl7gr "I dp,7'~ thinK ytau kna~t." 7E1~ bCigi4 i+r~5 plib~.25~Jed fTrJitl~sly by a Fader sp:tngff, tl7i? presidential Aciaquntabi~ ity Graup. it rr~sulted, Nader said, from a year'a a~ark by a dozen researctl_rs '~atto ct~ri+ducted 6~~3 intetviewa t~ gat~ier irtfAri7atY~r1 abut tt1? rien at' the top. Approved For Release 2005/12/14 :CIA-RDP91-009018000400100005-1 Approved For Release 2005/12/14 :CIA-RDP91-009018 AI:RON BEACON JOUR:dAL (OH) 30 August 19$2 .... ~,.:-_ . C'~A~ DIRECTOR William J. Casey forms a necessary function. .There is .making public, noises,to_ the effect. really are enemies out to get us Out w' s}~~uld`"get.~id of"., the .;.There and we need to know what they _, Freedo~ of Information -Act. .' .:are up to. Hence the need for: a "Cen- ~ ; t, ' "I.;question whether the CIA and tral InteL'igence~ Agency. ~.;..; ,~~ the. F~eedam o?:;7n?ormation Act can ~ :~ But we dan`t think such an agency': cbe~iist; ~;veiy long," ` Mr ;Casey. told `shou]d operate in a vacuum, with lit the American Legion nat-onal conven-. tle ar no controls. And the best safe- tion..-< ~J=T. ~~?~~r ` ::;~ _ ~~guard;:in our system;-has .been a~put~-' ., Of course there ~ are some who lic that knows ,what i5 going On Lvould :question whether a free society Hence ~ the need for a Leedom: of '' itself is compatible .with an agency , , Information: Act: -' '~' ,~ ~~~ whose:-past functions- have- included The-two can "coexist"`-- .perhaps i spying . on .its own citizens. , :uneasily -because they have to. In a .'4~e ~ wiTT ~ 'give Mr: Casey and the ~ free society, there is no other way. If CZA the benefit of the doubt on that that system .makes officials like Mr. itlea....however. Regrettably, in: this '.Casey .uncomfortable, we have to as - ---.t~xPerfect world of ours; the CTA per .. F sume it is working a _ ;~, a Approved For release 2005/12/14 :CIA-RDP91-009018000400100005-1 901 R~Qp400 4701 WILLARC~ AVCNUE, GHcVY CHASE, MARYLAND ?0315 65fr4U6$ She Today Show aAT~ August 3O, 1982 7:00 AM An Interview with Ralph Nader STATION W R C T V NBC Network Washington, DC OUDY WOODRUFF: We all talk about the Reagan adminis- tration as a whole. But any administration is made up of many individua~.s> And a new book called Reagan's Ruling Class is just out, ~vhich profiles a hundred of the President's top officials. It's just come out under the guidance of Ralpfi Nader. Mr. Nader is in our Washington studio this morning. Cr7~3d morning. Nice to have you with us. E;~;~PH NAOER: Thank you. . ~t'?ODRU~FF: Mr. Nader, the ,book concludes that the top people are ~!ery pro-business, that they are quite conservative, that they't~~ trying to dismantle the traditional role of govern- ment. Is~;~t that what people voted for in 1980? 3~.y0ER: No, I don't think they voted for dismantling the health any safety programs, such as pollution control or auto safety. I don't think they voted for the use of government as an instr.umun~: or the wealthy and the powerful. The elections were generally over the issues of cutting the deficit and making taxes less burdensome. But the government is doing so much more than that. As we kno4r, the deficit is at an all-time record under the Reagan administration. WOODRUFF: But they did vote for a lesser role fvr government in the lives of all of us, didn't they? NADER: But not far a lesser role of government as a policeman against corporate crime, fraud or abuse, or monopoly. OFFICES I`J: WASHpGpC~0 ~2~ For Kefe~se 2~Oa7~ L~~J~~~cIA'kP~o'so'I R6~8~Bolbo~g 9THE~ PRINCI~,~ cm~s THE BOSTON GLOBE rP.~ICLE Apg~ed For Release 2,~jQ~1u~~'Is4t: Fi~~DP91-0090 Obi ale G ^~~ Reagan d~?~ve is p~a~ned to deep `wc~~l~n~ coalition' ;~y Curtis Wilkie Globe Staff . SANTA BARBARA, Calif. - ;With the fall campaign approach- ~ng White House strategists are plotting a vigorous offensive for President Ronald Reagan to pre- serve the Administration's "work- ing coalition" in Congress rather khan simply try to elect Republi- cans. , Reagan is scheduled to be on the road two days out of every 10 after labor Day, ~ and the tempo will be increased in October, White House aides say. Although the basic plan, which :is stil] being developed, is aimed at :holding down GOP losses, it also 'toile fnr r~P91[f7H fn irt.....-~, ... .,f I mitment was being reassessed be- cause anumber of the Boll Wee- vils apposed Reagan in this month's struggle over the tax bill. but it is doubtful Reaga*~ will cam- paign against his erstwhile Demo- cratic allies. In another manuever sparked by partisan politics, Reagan this month issued - at the request of Democrats who supported the tax bill - a personal "thank you" let- ter. The letter, according to one Reagan aide, "will give them something to wave" if Republican candidates attack them for voting for the bill. A senior aide said Reagan may also seize on such issues as his bid d t t t dit t f ili o ex en ax cre s o am es .~~ ~n~e iuxewarm support, Lo -. - ~Republican candidates who have :not fully embraced his economic :program. In some instances, officials at 'Reagan's vacation headquarters :here say privately, they would pre- ', :fer to see some conservative Demo- :oats win. ~ H; ... Last year, when the President was soliciting help from a group of House Democrats from the South ;known as the Boli Weevils, he ;pledged not to campaign directly ;against them if they supported his ': ?economic package. Reagan said at the time that he might campaign for Republican candidates in their home states, but not to their con- ~gressianal districts. A ranking Administration offs- ~cial said last week that that com- paying tuition for private schools in an attempt to win over Roman Catholic voters who are ordinarily -Democrats. The White House< rneanwhile, is in the process of determining which GOP candidates will be able to serve as host of a presidential visit this fall. Some decisions x711 not bemade- until the results of palls conducted in early Septem- ber can be studied. If the election looks close enough that a Reagan visit could make the difference. that would tie an important fao- tor, another White House aide said. But he acknowledged that in some depressed areas. an appear- ance by Reagan might backfire, and therefore, Vice President ~`iearge Bush or a popular Cabinet member might be used. A heavy schedule of Campo! n- - in is b'ei n drawn u Tor all abi- net mem_ hers exc~nt thoGr tra i- tf4r~a-!lv excluded from politicking - Secretary of State George P Shultz, Attorney General William T L f. T"~'~'! spar Weinberger and William Casey. the director of the Central Inteili epee Agenev. The all-cut effort is being-made .I because the party in control of the White House traditionally loses seats in Congress. At this point, both Democratic and Republican tacticians figure the GOP will lose as many as 20 seats in the House. although they may, build slightly : i on their margin in the Senate be- cause many more Democrats are. up for re-election this.year. , Approved For Release 2005/12/14 :CIA-RDP91-009018000400100005-1 Approved For F~lg~s~ ?/~,(~5~~2~1n~~CriAyRDPi9i-0090180004 2'~ 1~Lif~USt 1~~~ Hatfie~.d threaten, tD stal3. ~;:~rit Dn Icey military Opp+"o,~riatians P~7F:7LANb, tJre. Sen. t?tar;c ~iatfield said if ~pngre5.~i f~i~.5 tD Dv~rrit7e the ~~"~5ident'5 YL'tt7 of a stl~Ni~:~l~ntcll funding hi3:i #7e t~f1l he in no rush t0 hand:.e defense apending requests he Fare iris Senate Apprnpriatians Cam~-itte_. ' ' I dDnt' plan to he in a hurry to handle hir~her-3.ryve1 defense spen~ting C~f~LI~'5t:3, " 5r~iCl t#i~ ~i7ittitilt~ee ahair-s~an, whrr O~~E'I7 ~~5 critici~~d r:~ilit~iry Spending. "f ra:r my per: anal. pDir~t of vie~a, ~ acntinufng resQl.utian is hotter because i t defense -spending) is at a :f.DSaer ~.evel. " The Oregan Republican, whD appeared at a n~'w.ri ccnferMnce Saturday tc s;~eatc Dn Reagan's veto, said there are j:~st 1~, congrG~ssicf~al days left ir~ fiaCa.I. i~#i2, which ends Sept. ~Q. t-le Said CDngress has yet to pas> ar3y A~ 1a ?~ajor funding biZ1.5 ft~r 1?8~ and un3.ess the ~.agjam is braiten the ~.a~ma!~ers are;e~.y to decade tc a.~thorize sp4t~ding by a ccrntir~uing resc7.utian, which maintains funf.3ing at '! 982 3e re2s, WatffeiJ said he has told Defense 5e~retary Caspa: bJeinher~,zf:r, ae~:retary Df State SeD;-ge Shultz, CIA I3ire~:tar Wi~.Ziam Casey "and others ~;hc had very fmportant pragrams in the 19~~ budr~et" that theae prngra^,~ wre an ttcld. Approved For Release 2005/12/14 :CIA-RDP91-009018000400100005-1 ~ Approved For Release 2005/12/14 :CIA-RDP91-00901R000~00100005-1 ;3LL3GT0~1 1-i=,IGI?""S ~~.~.~.:~ (I~) 2? ~?UGUST 1982 ~~~o~~~~~~a ~~ ~- CIA Director WiI tam C~sey, speaking this week to the American Legion convention in Chicago, urged that his agency be exempted from the Freedom of Information Act. The CIA believes that status-es which promote ~ openness in government should not apply to, and indeed are inconsistent with., a spy organization. While we agree that this nation must have an effective intelligence-gathering apparatus, we do not agree that the FOIA compromises our security. As it stands, the act provides adequate safeguards for sensitive information. The FOIA exempts nine categories from disclosure. The CIA uses two of these to protect information it deems sensitive. One protects information relating to our national defense a!?d foreign policy, Thy ether is v catchall which proteets information specifically exempted by statute. In April President geagan signed an executive order which toughens the classification process. It goes so far as to allow the reclassification of some information which had been public. That order took effect Aug. 1. In addition, the courts generally side with the.ClA and other intelligence-gathering agencies when it cones to keeping information secrnct. During the Ford and Carter }'ears the FOIA was used to obtain information about the CIA's mind control experiments and "Operation Chaos." During that operation, the CIA tried to link anti-Vietnam War dissidents w ith foreign espionage and compiled hundreds of thousands of files on American citizens in violation of its charter. Both Presidents Fard and Carter ordered restrictions placed on the CIA and other agencies, but in December President Reagan removed many of the restrictions with a new executive order which, for the first time, allows the CIA to engage in domestic spying and the infiltration of American organii}!i } }}}~{ }}} } 25 August 1982 r. e - -r.r^.r r, ?? s7 ?- r r. t ??r ?-??r ?s? r rs- r.-?? - ??z. ~ ~ .~i.: r: r.r r r :rr: rsr-?r. t }k } } } 1 } ! } }{ }. }trr }. iii ?. ~ !T ! }? k 1 Y }- }1 }! >! '~ }? } } }?~ ! 'w ~ '? i'? } } F? }. 1? ! s ! n s ~ tet~r?s ?+s r.?? tt^?^ Fl t?T t } i !-! }r? tr n- k }i t+}}Kil^ .trrtr trrs: rT?::rg ?grry r-rr .1!^h! 1 ~1lk+z} ~ ~}tkF F F!k??I }?1 ;4!-},M)- } -r.~??r. .. ~ rirr } rr~7: s?r r ree s }? r: - - ~ it Fkr}-}k!}}s} }!!? }I~}-i}?+ltFk! !}}1}}Y.} ! `, !f }_ }?}}r:f ! }!~fs77 F?k}? r. e r rt?~ - ?r rr.-r.: } } }s ! t}!L rt. r.: -? rt. ?rfrt?rr ?: ~ ?r??r r. ?- r. ^ lr ?? ?' 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Fi F? f }7 ! i 's{ t? i?}1?J ??} let }? 1?} } } i~ N i ?' , f % ^. ^ r } ! !~ F 1 != } }'- ':r. 1 ) l !' 1 f ~' ?? ! ft i I ~ `. 1 } 7 } i:] :. }s } } j } !: ?'s' 1 - 'Z tre Y? }~!? ! ji i ?3 }}Y? ! 1.11? }-Mt-}-}jt71i 1})? f!ji?}ijj;si}{! } !e4? }t1. 3 ~ ~~ .-. a .. ..-_. .. .. :. ... . h+ }- 3_? ~ ;, ''e 1.! ~! 1.4 ?_ j- }. Y i h 1 E ~ 1 hk {' 1 J 1? !?S :! }?~ }i !? } , !?a. }! !?i } '~i }?i 7 3 } '~ F- } - r. :: a -- ~:~ r. r s ?: ^ it r.?t?? r ??r? }:tdij } 7^ErH'. j-}}f}3}i.~t;71fI}7? }iF*} 1}{ !?7}x?,7 ~,}}?'? Approved For Release 2005/12/14 :CIA-RDP91-009018000400100005-1 RADt PUBLIC AFFAIRS STAFF 4701 WlLLARD AVcNUE, CHEVY CHASE, MARYLAND 20815 656-4068 The Daily drum August 25, 1982 6:00 PM X901 ~OA~001 Washington, DC Director Casey/Freedom of Information Act GLOfIIA MINOT: Tuesday, CIA Director William Casey claimed the Freedom of Information Act should be rescinded because it gives foreign intelligence agents, quote, "legal license to poke into our lives. Casey made his remarks at the annual National Convention of the American Legion. But, as we hear in this report from Libby Lawson, there's another side to the story. LIBBY LAWSON: The CIA Director said he questions very seriously whether a secret intelligence agency and the Freedom of Information Act. can coexist far very long, William Casey cites an example. He says the ease with which the Soviet Union can gain information has allowed them to bypass research and immediately produce deadly weapons that threaten the United States. He said US security would suffer and intelligence networka would lose effectiveness if the country continues to release canfidentiai information, and that secrecy is an accepted way of American life, such as in the medical and legal professions and should be applied to the so-called intelligence business as well. While Casey feels there`s a certain amount of validity. to this argument, there's a flip side to the issue. Supporters of the Freedom of Information Act say it should be preserved and enforced to prevent US government abuses such as the 'Watergate scandal. In the book, Former Secrets, complied by Evan Hendricks " of`Privacy Times, it lists several instances whereby government -agencies, including the CIA, try to suppress information that presently has to be disclosed antler the Freedom of Information Act. OFFICES IN: WASHINGTON D.C. ? NEW YORK ? LOS ANGELES ? CHICAGO ? DETROIT ? AND OTHER PRINCIPAL CITIES Approved For Release 2005/12/14: CIA-RDP91-009018000400100005-1 Notarial suppllad by Rodin TJ Reports, Inc. rrx7y be used for file and reference purposes onty. It may not be reproduced, sokJ a publicly demonstrated or exhibited. Approved For Release 2005/12/14: CIA-RDP91-009018000400100005-1 2 One example from the book cites that in 1974 the CIA tried to recover a Soviet submarine that had sunk, to search for documents and the like. Well, the book indicates the CIA asked US newspapers not to mention the incident, and it so happened they dial not. The New York Times was particularly mentioned. Fiawever, the incident was reported later in the Washington Post. Libby Lawson, WHUR News. Approved For Release 2005/12/14: CIA-RDP91-009018000400100005-1 Approved For Release 2005/12/14 :CIA-RDP91-0090180004 ART r CLE, APPE~_,Fw~ ON PAGE^(~- ' _ 23y SUSAN PERCIVAL T "~ L)ey~light :~ewa Setvlee The Central jateliige~,~e Agency will be on New England campuses this fall looking for men and wom- ea to serve their country -- v~~ith cloak and dagger.: So will the top-secret National Security Agency. which .has been described as the government's "ears" abroad. The National Securi- ty Agency gathers intelligence .from foreign broadcasts and also is respaasibie for making~sure all U.S. government communications are secure. . Both hive representatives perma- nently s{ationed in Boston. ?~iational S6rurity Agency recruitment chief Bernard Nowell said .the agency opened i:s '~astan GFTICe in 1980 because of the nu?nper of colleges in New England. ' "They've been a very gaol soufce for recruitment in the past," Norvell said. At the University of Massachu- setts in Amherst, CIA recruiters - nsualty have been booked solid when they visited the campus dur- ing the past four years. "There's always a waiting list" for CIA iaterti~iews, said Arthur Nilson, director of the University Placement Service. 7k ~k ~ IN F.I:CEh'T 9'EAB~, the pres- ence of intelligence recruiters on .campus has caused controversy at some colleges. ,But with the job market tight, there are always stu- dents who are interested. "if 7D or 30 students aze con- cerned (with the CIA being here), you've gut several thousand others who are concerned about getting a jab," slid Nilson. '?If yoga don't want to be em- ployed by the CIA, you don't have to go over and be inter`?iewed," said Ray Boyer, a spokesman for Williaars College. CIA recruiters say they don?t want "James Bond" types, but coi- ~fie~ ~?~ ~ ~~~~y ~~~r~ea~s economics, engineering, languages ' or foreign studies. They are also looking for mathematicians 'and photo interpreters. The National Security Agency is { seeking graduates in electronic en- gineering, corriputer science, math and Slavic. Middle Eastern and Asian languages. T1~ P~O~TIDEI'1~ J0~3:i;;L (~ 2~ :1L'sUST 192 _Applicants far the jobs_,must be U.5. citizens and have at least an undergraduate degree. ik yt ~r THE CIA OFFERS new employ- ees astarting salary of 515,000 to X16,000. More experienced experts in some fields start at $25,000. National Security Agency salaries fall into the same range. Robert Weatherah, director of . career planning and placement at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, noted that those start- ing salaries are not as high as some in private industry. ' Both the CIA and National Secu- rity Agency recruit every year at _ MIT. "Students aren't scrambling to see them, but there are undoubt- edly students who' want to talk to them," Weatherah sold. . ,k H(3WEVER, the acceptance., of intelligence recruiters isn't univer- - sal. At Clark University in Worces- ter, a spokeswoman said the CIA hasn't been on campus since the late 1960s because of the eoniro- versy at that time. The Nations! Security .Agency visited Harvard University for the first time last year, according to Jahn Pollack, associate director of - placement. The CIA did not recruit at Harvard last year. However, CIA recruiters did ..._... _ make several visits to meet stu- dents at Tufts University's Fletcher School of Law and Diplomacy in Medford. "It's a pretty common occur- rence here. in the fail," said Pat Savignano, of the school's place- ment office. . How many Massachusetts stu- dents actually are hired by the spy agencies isn't known. At the Col- . lege of the Holy Cross in Worces- ter, Marjorie :Fernald, coordinator of career planning. estimated that one student a year might have been hired by .the National Security Agency. Fernald said she hadn't seen any increase In intelligence recruiting in the past few years. However, a CIA a#ficial said that in addition to the agency's regular - campus recruiting, it has started seeking candidates for intelligence jobs through radio and newspaper advertisements. "These are the limes td put your training .and ability to work where ? it really counts, says a radio cam- mercial far the CIA prepared by a New York advertising agency. "The qualifications are high but so are the rewards to come." the ad ssys. , SO FAR, the radio commercial has not run in Massachusetts, but similaz newspaper ads have run in Boston and other cities. They are part of a CIA recruit- ment drive designed to beef up the agency's staff, fulfilling a~ Reagan campaign pledge. CIA budget and personnel figures are classifsed..Iiowever, Director William Gasey ham been gusted as saying the CIA has more money this year,. after several years in which its budget had laggeQ by comparison with inflation. Charles Jackson. chief of recruit- mentfor the CIA, said the advertis- ing campaign has produced a lot of resumes but wouldn't say how many -that's ~ciassified. He said, however, that campus recruitment is successful. Iege gradua?es with backgrounds in . co*nputer and py(~~~pv~~g,Release 2005/12/14 :CIA-RDP91-009018000400100005-1 Approved For Release 2005/12/14 :CIA-RDP91-00901800 ,,. -, A "-"~-+T A, T TAE ~'TASAING ~.. ~ I ~:... 1_.-r~~:~?.'.~ TON FOSS O~ P~ Gt,~~ 25 AUGUST 1982 ~~fo~~ a ~ pan .~:c~ ~n~~~zres ~ee~zr~ ~~ ~ ~~ree~or Casey ~'e~~s ~jeterans CHICAGO, Aug. 24 (UPI)~CIA Director William J. Gasey today warned that the nation's security is suffering and that its intelligence network is losing effectiveness .be- csuse security agencies must comply with the Freedom of Information ~ Act. Casey, addressing the 64th annual national convention of the American Legion, said the act gives foreign in- telligence agents "legal license to poke into our files," forcing the ~tJnit- ed States to adopt "budget-busting" Programs to protect itseL?. "I question very seriously whether a secret intelligence agency and the Freedom of Information Act can co- exist far van long," Ca.4ey said. "The willingness of foreign intel- ligence sen~ces to share information and. rely on us fully and of individ- uals to risk their lives and reputa- tions to help us mill continue to dwindle unless we get rid of the Freedom of Information Act." Casey said the FOI has enabled the Soviet Union to steal or pur- chase information that has helped it improve the accuracy and power of weapons. "Secrecy is essential," Casey said. He said secrecy is an accepted way of American life in the medical and legal professions and in business and should be applied to the "intel- ligence business" as well. Casey said Soviet influence has doubled in the past decade. In 1972, he said, 25 nations were under So- viet influence and the number now -`has grown to 50: ,. , , .. He described U.S. intelligence as a way to help Third World govern- ments in resisting Soviets efforts to undermine stability through prop. agenda, terrorist activities and proxy troops. Casey said emerging countries do ~ not need big weapons. They need small arms to defend themselves, "goad police activities and the ability to keep up with tbe hit-and-run tac-? tics of terrorists," he said. He said U.S. training of govern- ment troops enabled EI Salvador to survive insurgent attacks and al- lowed the nation's.citizens to vote. Approved For Release 2005/12/14 :CIA-RDP91-009018000400100005-1 RA[~'P F~ V a~~x~~eP~~01~NG00 ~~~ CBS Morning News STATION WDVM-TV CBS Network ~ArE August 25, 1982 7:00 A.M. CITY Washington, D.C. SUB.IECT CONNIE CHUNG: CIA Director William Casey says the Freedom of Information Act is also being used for purposes of espionage, and Casey wants the act rescinded. Speaking at the annual American Legion convention, Casey said the Soviet Union has acquired secret technology worth billions of dollars by exploiting the act, which he says could threaten the existence of the CIA. OFFICES IN, WASI-fl~~. Fir ~~`~f~K 2?Q~Qf~~L~` A~['~?9QM RQQ(Q~QQ'NQQBQ~~THrR PE2INCIPAL CITIES United PressAl#prto~d~F~~Aease 2005/12/14: CIA-RDP91-0 August 24, 1982 Casey calls for abolition of fOI~ -t IA Director William J. Casey says easy access to U.S. technology has enabled the Soviet Union to skip the necessary research and produce c~adly ~eaoons that are threatening our very existence. Casey, addressing. the b~+th annual nationa3 convention of the American Legion Tuesday, said the freedom of Infor,,,ation fist has oi?.~~n foreign ;;;callig_;1ce agents "legal license to po~.e rota our rile-, ~ , forcing t < iJr,ited States to adopt "budget busting " programs to protect itself. " They have acquired technology worth many billions by purchase - legal and .illegal -- by theft, by espionage, by bribery, by scientific exchanges and by exploiting our open literature and our freedom of Information Act, " Casey said. " The damage to our national security becomes all too obvious as we face the need to spend billions of dol3ars to defend ourselves against soviet weapons, which have clearly leapfrogged development stages and achieved new power and accuracy through use of our guidance and radar systems, our bomb designs and our production: methods. " Ne said U.S. security will suffer and our intelligence network will lose effectiveness if we continue to release confidential inforra~ion. " I question very seriusly whether a secret intelligence agency and the Freedom of Information Act can coexist for very lor,~, " he said. " The willingness of foreign intelligence .services to s"are inicr,,.atiun and rely on us fully and of individuals to risk their lives and reputations to help us will continue to dwindle unless we get rid of the Freedom of Infor,^ration Act. " Ne said secrecy is an accepted way of American life in the medical and legal professions and in business and should be applied to the " intelligence trus mess " as well. Casey said Soviet influence has doubled in the past decade. In 1972, he said, Z5 nations were under Soviet influence and the number now has gro:~n to 5G. The Soviets underiaine stability in Third World nations by the use of propaganda, terrorist activities and proxy troops, Cas__?y said, adding that the United States can cor~bat such instability by pro~~idinq Third ~forld governments with effective intelligence. Casey said emerging countries dan't need big weapons. They need smsll arms to defenC thentSelves, "good police sc~ivicies and the ability to ke*=p ;;p .~itr1 the hit-and-run tactics of terrorists, " he said. He said i1. S. training of government troops in El Salvador enabled that ,ava;...._,~:t .o su;v.~.~ :nurpent ,~`4~. _ a,?;d allc~;ed tre na}_on`s citi~_,~a to Yote. Approved For Release. 2005/12/14: CIA-RDP91-009018000400100005-1 Approved For Release~QAQR5/I~~R1TH: ~C~~91P9~1-00901R0004p 21 August 1982 ll I Vp Bush, CIA's Casey will address legion Vice Pees. George Bush - and. central intelligence dir- ector William. J. Casey are among the speakers sched- liled to address the 64th national convention of the American Legion " next week in Chicago. The U.S. flag will be displayed proudly and fre- quently as -the nation's largest. veterans organiza- tion parades down Michi- gan av. from Wacker to Van Buren st. beginning at 2 p.m. tomorrow: After a military guard-of- honor, all 58 departments of the Legion will march. In 1st place will be the department of France, home of the mother post of the organization, Paris post 1. Headquarters for the con- vention is the Conrad Hil- ton hotel. Delegations are staying- there and at the Palmer House, Midland, Essex Inn, Hyatt Regency, Bismarck, .Ascot and the _ Americana Congress. DeIe- -gates from the District of Colombia are staying at the Knickerbocker hotel, 163 E. .LValton. Vp Bush will address -the convention at" 'lI` a.m". Thursday in the inter- -national ballraom ~t the Conrad Hilton. He will rep- resent Pres. Ronald Rea- gan -(]vNN, July 31). Casey will speak at 10:25 a.m. Tuesday. ' More than 20,000 I,egion- naires and guests are in town. This is the- 7th time since 1933 that -the Legion has held its national con- vention in Chicago. " Replicas of the Water Tower at Chicago and Michigan are available at selected outlets as keep- sakes of the convention. The Legion commissioned Ezra Brooks to create "limited edition" porcelain decanters in the tower's image. Each decanter is made of Heritage China, accented with 24 kt. goad leaf and filled with straight bour- bon. Approved For Release 2005/12/14 :CIA-RDP91-009018000400100005-1 Approved For ReleaseU2Q05~g~~4~ C~~~,~j~~01 80004 lb AUGUST 1982 ARTICLE APPEAF.ED ON PAGE~~ Vli'ashington ~G~6~p@c~o Friends say White House Chief of ' SraffJames Baker, who earliet.waar- ed .ro be Attorney General, now talks of heading the Central Intelligence Agency should William Casey leave. Associares figure fellow adviser Ed- win Meese would have the inside track if Arry. Gen. William Freacla Smirk leaves. Approved For Release 2005/12/14 :CIA-RDP91-009018000400100005-1 ~~.~ Approved For Release 2005/12/14 :CIA-RDP91-009018000400 FAYETTEVILL~E TIMES (ti.C.) 14 August 1982 Senator Jeremiah Der;ton, R-Alabama, thinks the FBI needs greater license to spy on groups it suspects of harboring impure thoughts that might lead to terrorist violence. Sen. Denton is a patriot, a. former prisoner of war, a true American hero. All of which qualifies him to make this hind of judgment in the same