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Document Number (FOIA) /ESDN (CREST): 
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Document Creation Date: 
December 9, 2016
Document Release Date: 
November 14, 2000
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Publication Date: 
July 26, 1983
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PDF icon CIA-RDP91-00901R000500070009-0.pdf316.78 KB
Approved For Release2 9p' ftO . STATINTL TAAb, 09i?bftb1 k b Former Spies Form Legal Fees Fund Old spies don't fade away. They form legal defense funds. Challenge, a Maryland-based or- gnization of former intelligence of- ers, was formed a year ago to raise funds to help U.S. intelligence agency personnel pay legal expenses if they believe they have been defamed. The group, incorporated-in 1981, announced new officers and a fund- raising drive last week, - Richard H. Landsdale, a former associate general counsel with the CIA, is the group's new president. He served with the Core than 20 years. J.E. "Ned" Dolan, a. former intelli- gence officer, retired Marine captain and citizen activist from Garrett Park, is the group's vice president. The group has aided in a lawsuit filed by former CIA agent David At- lee Phillips of Bethesda. Phillips is suing authors and publishers -who have suggested he had some role in the assassination of President John F. Kennedy and former Chilean For- eign Minister Orlando Letelier. Challenge's current fund-raising efforts are to assist former U.S. Am- bassador to Chile Nathaniel Davis in his lawsuit against the producers of the movie "Missing," according to the organization's announcement. Davis' suit charges that the film, which starred Jack Lemmon and Sissy Spacek, wrongfully implicates him in the death of an American freelance journalist killed during the 1973 CIA-supported coup that top- pled popularly elected. leftist Presi- dent Salvadore Allende., The group also'has offered to help defray the legal expenses of retired Army Gen. William C. Westmore- ; land in a suit against CBS. The former commander, of U.S. forces in Vietnam has charged that the broad casting company, libeled him by air- ing a .documentary that-said a con- spiracy concealed military intelligence about the Vietnam. War from the.president-and Congress. "It's awfully hard to take on a:n author or a publisher-when you're small and don't have any money," Landsdale said. - Challenge's board -of directors and i advisers include a number of former I high-ranking military officers, former CIA -.officials and conserva- tive politicans, aamong them former U.S. Sen. James Buckley and former CIA Director William Colby. "We don't:profess to be (of) any political persuasion, but we do have a common military background that generally is rather conservativae," Landsdale said. . Approved For Release 2001/03/06 : CIA-RDP91-00901 R000500070009-0 Approved For Release 20 : MA-POP91 _ bT& 5 July 1983 probe illustrates how CIA STATINTL can benefit business By Joe Rigert Staff Writer Critchfield and his company also have done extensive business ' in Oman. That involvement and his CIA ,.~~....,,,.... background led to widespread talk Dresseed in a brown pinstripe suit that Tetra Tech served as a 'cover brown tie and brown shoes, speaking in a manner as subdued as his attire, for CIA activities there. .James Critchfield seemed--to be- an ._..: ordinary man is an. ordinary busi- Critchfield was -close enough =to the mess .ruling.sultan_of-,Oman in .lantiary_ a`Teception?giveniby? But for nearly three 'decades, Critch- the suites during a iWaslrington visit, field lived in the -obscurity'-and -in- Now-a:former aide to.thesultan?.says:. Crit tleld mby have received, as,: t f lli le skimmed money off Omani govern- ment, contracts. The memo also notes widespread suspicions that he worked for the CIA. The Ashland. documents, show that Omar and Critchfield .recommended each other toAshland to help the -company =obtW= e?l in Oman- They also encouraged Ashland officials to seek Omani-oll and were linked in discussions of other business. According to The Aocuments. Critch- field helped land obtain the oil in his role as adviser to the sultan- In Newly, available documents show range the visit In interviews last that-role hehdped both sides, pre- that in 1979 and 1980. Critchfield and month, Critchfield denied-having 'paring an Ashland communication to Tetra Tech were deeply involved in any, business deals with Omar. He the "Omani 'petroleum -minister and the efforts of Ashland Oil Inc. - an said.he baud no connection with Ash- assisting in.tbe ministerts reply. independent, Kentucky-based com- land's payment to Omar and -knows. .. ..,_ . .: _ " pang - to obtain oil .from the Middle nothing of the alleged money trans- Critchiieid later advised Ashland to Eastern country of Oman. fer. back away from -Omar in the oil deal. This occinTed nine months af- Today Ashland is the subject of U.S. "There really ,isn't a story" in any of ter he suggested that the company government investigations into the it, he sai& work with Omar- -"It also occurred legality-of ?a $1.35 million "commis- after Omar's Jinntmductioa of Critcb. sion" payment to wealthy Arab busi- Honeywell also said it concluded" field to' vhshiand -had:helped"Tetra aessman Yehia Omar in theoll deal. from . two' investigations Of Its own Tech -obtain -Ashland -contracts . for d E t bi l S ngue o mternatronai inte gence as much as 2250,000 in -a k anvas "bag; on a CIA agent.. Orders -of the sultan, for helping ar- The investigations by the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) and two House subcommittees have not implicated Critchiieid or Tetra Tech in the payment But they have provided access to documents de- scribing CIA activity in Oman and STATINTL sought oil from Oman after losing Both Omar and Critchfield apparent- Critchiieid has associated with Omar much of Its supply during the- hos- - iy benefited from their association in since the early 1970s, first through tage crisis in Iran. The company -got those earlier years as well es later. the CIA, for which Critchfield was into -trouble when it paid Omar for a director of Middle East operations September. 1980 contract -for the -oIL John ToWasend, -#hen an. economic and a senior energy analyst, and - The payment,- returned after some adviser to the suttan, -said an Omar then in numerous discussions of busi- Ashland board members intervened, associate, Ghassan ? Shaklr. "helped ness deals in the Middle East and helped lead to the resignation of Tetra Tech get an Omani water-de- Africa, Ashland's president and,the govern- velopment contract in late 1974. meat investigations. Documents Then he left the CIA and went into from an internal investigation for .(Crltchfield says Shakir may have international business -as an execu- the company, turned over to the gov- mentioned Tetra Tech but didn't get tive of Tetra Tech, a California- eminent describe the oil deal, the the contract for his company. He based engineering company ac- roles of Omar, Critchfield and the says the contract resulted from oil quired last year by Honeywell Inc CIA in Oman. development work Tetra. Tech was Now his role in a Middle East oil But a .1975 US, State Department doing in Oman.) deal has brought him out of obscuri- memorandum, not part of the Ash- Townsend also said he believes ty and provided a rare inside view of land file, provides the greatest detail Critchfield was involved be the trans- that network of CIA agents, former about Omar. It refers to his "deep fer of a hag. which had contained agents, intermediaries and business and corrupt" involvement in Oman pen le. It shows bow they operate businessman and adviser to Sul- torApp sl*OVnRe1 se 20Q1 1 r06Qa 4'rR[~J 91IrOO 0180005000 09-0 activities affect U.S. interests cam diplomats and other business- abroad. men Clad documented how he Critchfield's relationship with Omar control over vital oil shipping lanes to the sultan of Oman. and Ashland - I from the Arabian Gulf. Ashland tr . a a%a as gyp ate that Crltrhfleld and Tetra Tech had. work IJa not worked for the CIA in Oman. A Honeywell official declined- com- Critchiieid says.helu st met Omar in meat on whether the company will the early 1970s. in Rome, where review Crltchfleld's Ashland involve- Omar geWed der fleeing Libya maul in the coup that brought Moammar Khadaty to power. The relationship Oman is a tiny country, but its lots- continued after Crltchfield left the STATINTL MMT1('! E &pp vad For Release 2001 0111 1-1 Y FACT. a r----.+- 4 jfASR 11blo9 ne day in July 1944, as the Second World War raged throughout Europe, General William "Wild Bill" Donovan was ushered into an ornate chamber in Vatican City -for an audience with Pope Pius XII. Donovan bowed his head reverently as the pontiff intoned a ceremonial prayer in Latin and decorated him with the Grand Cross of the Order of Saint Sylvester, the oldest and most prestigious of papal knighthoods. This award has been given to only 100 other men in history, who "by feat of arms, or writings, or outstanding deeds, have spread the Faith, and have safeguarded and cham- pioned the Church." Although a papal citation of this sort rarely if ever, states why a person is inducted into the "Golden Mili- tia," there can be no doubt that Donovan earned his knighthood by virtue of the services he rendered to the Catholic hierarchy in World War II, during which he served as chief of the Office of Strategic Services (OSS), the wartime predecessor to the Central Intelligence Agency (CIA). In 1941, the year before the OSS was officially constituted, Donovan forged a close alliance with Father Felix Morlion. founder of a European Catholic intelligence service known as Pro Deo. When the Germans overran western Europe. Donovan helped Morlion move his base of operations from Lisbon to New York. From then on, Pro Deo was financed by Donovan. who believed that such an expenditure would result in valuable insight into the secret affairs of the Vatican, then a neutral enclave in the midst of fascist Rome. When the Allies liberated Rome in 1944. Mor- lion re-established his spy network in the Vatican; from col NUED Approved For Release 2001/03/06 : CIA-RDP91-00901 R000500070009-0