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December 9, 2016
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November 14, 2000
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February 7, 1982
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STATINTL think i draw my own conclusion -.': ten., o s - ayes That-is the problem. The :flan give. ing Ai1'I?IC?aE APPEARED ON 'A _ f thee, : gradually , became convinced through all his notes." - - neled funds to political parties, press' that the American Embassy in San-, , The difficulty is that the role of the and radio stations in Chile but stayed tiago not only knew about the murderTJ United States in Chile remains an ex- away from violent right .wingers and from the start but was Intent on cbr,' rrPmPt,r rr,nr pre;as or,,.,r;,,n,i C?t?L militarvnlots ,,cal technician," he said after. a show to trial designer, was told that hiss,-syn ; in Chile: 1963-1973.11 - ? Committee and statements by Nathan vas missiagand went to Chile in what, "The director can't do eve " lel Davis, who was Ambassador in became a, desperate search ta:,find' he said. "Hauser did the rese and Santiago from 1971 until shortly afterf Charles. Edmund G. Horinan, th esfar saw all those people, ? and I went the 1973 coup, the United-States than-? only one point of view, essentially Ed ring H orman's, but its claim to present a nor basic historical truth puts it in a differ- clu ent category from other dramatiza. , g - - questions : r.1 $` ; : Approved For Release 2001/03/07: CIA-RDP91-00 Gavras didn't pretend that it is. was N9,7 YORK TIMES 7 FEBRUARY 1. c82 ttMyr.a.wo]..r., But it isn't a documentary, and in, By FLORA L#WIS I Mr. Costa-Gavras says he collabo. ,; . ! rated closely-with the author of"the with the Horman family "so-I cciuld lance writer named Charles vials he rira noc to consult the aiiu Me oecretary oI Derense (then: Melvin Laird). It was an extraordi Norman was killed d;,rthg 1 -- ----- _.; _,.. S e h f . enat In t e o k Ch l D - m- --- r o S"rari u c i, enioc C;l VA Ida ho, - in Chile. f.. r~ 'which ipade extensive investigations Nonetheless, Allende was elected Fact: His.. father, a New York inclt>., and issued a report on "Covert Action After that, according to the Church and it documents some episodes, wrote in the - States orricials for 44 million but ate..: missed for lack of evidence.; ?;.~ . a vast, murderous rampage, many tang such intense pressure on the oppo- 'Fact*.-- A. . lawyer named Thomas, `people, particularly French Socialists, sition's capacity to survive that it Hauser was drawn Into. the Horn gad felt it showed the United States would might be unable to contest the next family's crusade and wrote a. book : go to any length to prevent the sur- ? election scheduled for 1978. The secret about the incident called "The Execu;. vival of another leftist government be- subsidies, he said, were to enable op- tion of Charles Horman: An American sides Cuba in the - Western Hemi- position parties and distributors of in- Sacrifice," published 1n1979. sphere. The French left irdentifled formation to compete with Govern- r Fact: Costa-Gavras, the Paris -their own aims with Allende. The coup went-supported parties and press.:.. based Greek -:-,director :who- made became a kind of litmus test for the + . powerful political films about cases iii Paris intelligentsia, a sequel to the ! "We still have not, ash a society,! Greece, Czechoslovakia and Uruguay Vietnam war thought through the practical and ethic accepted an offer from. Universal -td. cal implications of covert action;tMr make a movie from the Hauser book: Newspaper reports, especially those.' ? Davis said:- He pointed out,`and the It is called "Missing," : stars -Jack 'of Seymour M. Hersh in The New York record confirms, that he successfull y Lemmon and Sissy Spacek and.. it Times, and lengthy records of the 3 opposed C.I A. suggestions to support opens in New York On Friday, at: the Church - Committee in 1975 and 1978 strikes and demonstrations to under Beekman ? theater. It is tautly well,;: showed that the. United States had in- mineAllende. - ' made and cinematically convincuig { :deed been involved in Chilean politics. Fiction: "This film is based on a 4 The most damaging evidence related However, Richard Helms and Hal true story. The incidents and facts are_' to C.I.A.: activity attempting to pre- Hendrix, an I.T.T. official, were con-, documented. Some of the names have- vent Allende's election in 1170. At that ;- victed of perjury for -their testimony, been changed to protect the innocent. time, It was revealed, an infamous before a 1973 Senate. committee. on and also to protect the film." operation called - "Track - II" linked what happened in 1970. And there was o :.I American agents with violent right-- the extraordinary Nixon order to , the Film. in many cases,x latat t- ~^ :are used, rea r are evoked, .real kencetmtaits''pertrayed. 7bese devices G' -and the ilii*ctor's?art;are combir a 1-to-; i,-] ilserstiade61at' Helms not to .inform Ambassador, Korry and two top cabinet members of that plot. Credibility became a serious i issue in disentangling t11e.Chile story.. 1 e 2001/03/07 : CIA-RDP9'.,OQ9, Ne it b Approved For Releaseg/O~0yg~BIW'ObPgilw8090 STATINTL c~a~ef !l rr By Barbara Bernstein Deseret News correspondent4 OGDEN - Ever since Moses sent spies to the land of Canaan, intellignence-gathering has been an intriguing function, but the profession has changed since America got serious about it, according to William Colby, former. director of the Central Intelligence Agency. Colby spoke at a noon convocation Thursday at Weber State College, sponsored by the Associated Students in conjunction with Social Science Week. It was Colby's second?visit to the Ogden school. Colby said the change in American espionage began 40 years ago when the country was surprised by the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor. It shouldn't have been surprised, he said, because there intelligence abounded pointing to the intentions and capabilities of the Japanese, but the information was not consolidated. "We decided to find out what we already knew and centralize it," he said. The government solicited information from universities, geographical societies, tourists and commercial travelers, and 'asked experts in the Central Intelligence Agency to analyze the data. Even such a trivial thing as a photo of somebody's Aunt Minnie on a beach in a"bathing suit was put to use, he said. If experts noted that she was standing by a truck, for `example, they would know the beach was firm enough for military or espionage vehicles. The progress of technology has brought a change in American espionage too, Colby said. The.observa- tion .planes that flew, over Russia for 3r years were not:an,exercLse,in.idle curiosity. Eventually they flew over Cuba and detected the shape of Soviet armaments being constructed there. . Technology bought the United States the time to confront Khrushchev before he had, his weapons finished and pointed at. the LJ.S. With technologicaPhelp, 'the United States has gone into space and under the:ocean to keep watch on other countries' activities, Colby said,. and literally. listens to the rumbling of theearth's crust to detect their atomic tests,..,:..-, ..? L With the changed scope and accuracy of knowledge-gathering, he said, the United Statses no longer has to send an individual spy slinking out of Hong Kong to see what the Chinese are doing on their borders. "We can see and hear them from here." Another change in intelligence operation is recent insistence that American spies operate under the Constitution and laws.. Colby said. Formerly, spies were considered outside the law, and even President Dwight D. Eisenhower said spies have to be permitted to do their own work in their own way. After Watergate, the public engaged in recrimi- nation and hysteria about the _Q4A,,"Colby said, exaggerating instances whore the agency did the wrong thing and ignoring the good it has done. "We are sobering up now after our binge," he said. "We have resolved the contradicfiion, and we are going to run our intelligence agency under the Constitution." He said the CIA. now has a public document issued by the president that delineates what the CIA is empowered to do and sets up a system of accountability. Congress even has two committees to see that the intelligence service keeps within its bounds. "We still have to turn to the spy, to brave Americans and brave foreigners, to bring us i information," Colby said, because the world is still not safe for democracy. Other countries, compara- tively underprivileged, see American prosperity and seek tools to bridge the.difference between them and the. United States. The tools they use might be economic and political, or they might be sabotage and violence, he said. Great power is now available in small packages I chemical, nuclear and biological - he said, and this power can easily come into the hands of despots. But U.S. information systems can discover problems and defend against threats. It can even deter the use of threats against the United States and' its allies by buying time. The United States can now lay information on. the negotiating table and deal from strong and informed positions, Colby said. Approved For Release 2001/03/07 : CIA-RDP91-00901 R000500070030-6 - ,lfov For Release 0l~G0fi 81'~1SCho~81a,IJ@ Tilling at windmills when the Washington Post bought the printing plant of the Washington Star, it had a legitimate reason: Post circulation had skyrocketed because of the Srar's demise. But the purchase also effectively cut off the possibility of a new afternoon paper published by anyone other than the Post. There is simply not the existing press availability to print such a paper, and the capital investment to buy new presses, considering the generally dim prospects for afternoon papers, is just too forbidding... . Remember how clever criminals once wore gloves or carefully erased their fingerprints before leaving.the scene of a crime? These precautions are no longer necessary. You can leave prints all over the place and still have two months to escape to Rio or some other haven and commit a few more burglaries before you leave. The reason is it's now taking the FBI that long to process requests for fingerprint checks.... _Tbg_Beagan administration has extorted $10,000 from William' Colby by threatening him with prosecution because his French publisher had distributed copies of his book containing certain "sensitive passages" that were e led at the CIA's in the American edition. It was this magazine that first pointed out the differences Me Convert flown ' b Jose h Nocera. November 1980] between the renc and American editions. Our point was t at the a enc 's cuts=the so-called ;ensiitivve passages--concerned insignificant matters and proved how idiotic the CIA's nsorship was. The_ fine is a shameful reversion to j~(ixonkm The Reagan administration is giving us another appointee in the great tradition of Allen, Raymond Donovan, and William J. ("not unfit") Casey. He is Maurice Stans, who has been nominated to be director of the Overseas Private Investment Corporation. Stans, you will recall, served as finance chairman of the Committee to Reelect the President and raised a record 562 million for the 1972 campaign. Unfortunately, the way he raised and disbursed the money led to his indictment by two grand juries. On March 12, 1975, he pleaded guilty to three counts of violating the Federal Election Campaign Act and two counts of accepting illegal campaign -contributions.... Approved For Release 2001/03/07 : CIA-RDP91-00901 R000500070030-6 Approved For Release 2001/03/07 : CIA-RDP91-00901 R ,RED- NOTRE DAME NEWS February 1982 In the CIA, saes Ralph MoG you have to do is tell the truth STATINTL Ralph McGehee '50 joined the Central Intelligence Agency in 1952, shortly after he was cut from the Green Bay Packers. He's not sure why the CIA approached him, but during his intelligence training he met so many other pro football dropouts that he suspects the agency considered the 'National Football League a prime recruiting ground. When the Korean War ended in 1953 McGehee joined the agency's clandestine operations section as a case officer. Over the next two decades he served in the Philippines, Taiwan, Japan, Thailand and Vietnam. He did the routine work of an intelligence officer: recruiting agents, conducting investigations, and maintain- ing liaison with the local police and intelligence organizations. During that era the CIA's main struggle was against Communist insurgency in Southeast Asia. That struggle was a losing one. Of all the countries in the region, today only Thailand remains allied to the West. McGehee thinks he knows why our side lost the rest. In 1965 McGehee directed an intelli- gence gathering effort in a province in northeast Thailand where a Communist insurgency was beginning. After a detailed, yearlong study, McGehee re- ported that he had found a popular movement so broad, pervasive and deeply rooted that purely military measures were unlikely to defeat it. McGehee submitted his findings to the agency but, after a brief period of praise for this work, he ran into an official wall in Washington. His findings, he explains, ran counter to the official Washington view that Communist insurgency was a form of clandestine invasion, and that the natives involved were unwilling partici- pants who were duped or forced into joining guerilla units who took their arms and orders from outside. McGehee maintains that intelligence information often is politicized- In theory, the agency provides accurate and! unbiased information to the President so he can make wise decisions regarding national security. In practice, when a President is firmly committed to a particular policy (such as military victory in Vietnam), the agency shapes its information to conform to that policy J Bad or even inconvenient news is unwelcome. That is an abiding theme in the history of intelligence, and it is the rock on which Ralph McGehee foundered. After he submitted his dissenting report, McGehee's career took a nose- dive. He was shuttled from one low-Iev job to another. He was promised promotions but never received them. He was frustrated as he watched his country wage the wrong kind of war in, Southeast Asia, one he knew was doomed to failure. He did what he cool TaD Approved For Release 2001/03/07 : CIA-RDP91-00901 R00050007 -6