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November 10, 1981
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STP~TTIVT . -- Approve or elease 2 ~/%T :0q J, RDP91-00901 R000 10 November 1981 By FRANK GREEN Staff Writer, The. San Diego Union William Colby believes that the Central Intelligence Agency should be given new freedom to infiltrate and influence terror- ist 'groups.; ? . "Suppose you have a band of terrorists, say backed by Libya and Mr.. (Moammar) Khadafy, plotting and planning subversive activities~.against this government,,'.' said the 61-year-old former CIA director. "It might be appropriate to have the CIA in-` valved to ferret out these people." Colby, in a telephone interview prior to a speech last night at the University of San Diego, emphasized that he did not foresee using the resources of the agency to spy on or disrupt American,: political. organiza, .... , ...... tions. "You. have vigorous congressional watchdog committees that were establish-, ed in 1973 and 1974 to oversee CIA opera- tions," he noted, adding that it was import- ant that some of the congressional powers and regulations passed "during the. white:.. heat of the mid-1970s" be modified - as has recently been recommended by the Reagan administration- so that the agen- cy could do the work that it was originally empowered to do. "Our job should be to help our allies in moderate, decent and quiet ways to diffuse tense situations," he said. Colby lamented that the CINs image has not been good for the last: decade. He blamed part of the problem on the Senate: CIA investigations of the mid-1970s, headed'` by Sen. Frank Church, which accuse- the. agency of, among other things, the over- throw of the democratically elected social- ist government of Salvadore Allende in 1973. "The popular notion is that the CIA con- ducted a coup in Chile. That's just not true," he exclaimed. "Over the 1960s, we helped political center groups, in that coun- try. We wanted. to keep Allende not from I being elected but from being ratified. He was hos tile to us and was supported by Castro and the Soviets, who would have used Chile as a base for further expan- sion in South America. "When the Chilean mili- tary moved against him in 1973, the CIA stayed away. Our strategy was to wait until the elections in 1976 in the hope that a democratic center government would be voted into power." Colby, a Princeton gradu- ate, has had a long career in covert activities dating back to World War II when he served with the Office of Strategic Services. As a paratrooper with the OSS during the war, he was dropped behind enemy lines in France to work with the underground. After the war, he prac- ticed law and worked for the National Labor Rela- tions Board. Colby joined the Foreign Service in 1951 and was as- signed to Stockholm and Rome. A decade later, he jumped to the CIA, serving in 'a number of capacities, including directing the no- torious Phoenix pacifica- tion program in South Viet- nam during the Vietnam conflict. He served as CIA director from 1973 to 1976 and is now a Washington-based attor- ney specializing in interna- tional law. People , who have been close to him over his career have described him as being a cold, quiet and unassum- ing man who has an unswerving firmness and unflinching nerves. In yesterday's interview,; he was guarded in his re- sponses and refused to dis-i cuss sensitive issues regard- ing the organization he once headed. However, Colby was out-1 spoken about his contempt j for former CIA operatives now working as mercenar- ies for foreign powers, some of which' are enemies of the United States government. Two ex-agents, Edwin P. Wilson and Francis E. Ter- pil, were recently indicted by a federal grand jury on charges of illegally export-i ing terrorist equipment to Former agents such as and convicted," Colby said. "We should apply crimina sanctions against them a vigorously as possible He explained that in an organization such as thei CIA, consisting of thousands of people, there are always; a few bad apples. "There) have been a remarkably, few bad apples in the CIA over the years," he empha- Colby was equally harsh" on private citizens engage in the naming of names of i CIA agents stationed over- seas, saying it was al "crime" comparable to; someone attempting to raise a mutiny in the armed forces. "Those individuals who' would make a little cottage' industry of attacking and trying to destroy the CIA must be stopped. Agents should not be put under the unnecessary threat of being exposed," he said. "They do expect that to a certain ex- tent from the other side. But they don't expect that from fellow Americans." Such publications as Co- vert Action Information Bulletin and Counterspy have been responsible ford naming agents who were then subsequently harassed and even killed - by ter- rorists, he said. While Colby said he was content with most of the congressional regulations. placed on mid-1970s, he was upset I with the ".hcsteria and sen- sationalism" that went along. "So much came out of the debate on CIA abuses - much of it untrue - that our allies didn't think that we could keep secrets. It was a dangerous. time." But today these policies' should be modified, he stressed, because. in an in- creasingly unstable world, the American government "seriously needs the - eyes, ears and brains of the agen- cy. "We should be there to { help understand the com- plexities and the factors pushing any one govern- ment economically, politi- cally and socially. And to understand the factors that are rapt to result in political upheavals." Approved For Release 2001/03/07 : CIA-RDP91-00901 R000500080002-6 r Courant Staff Writer By ROBERT GETTLIN Approved FoVne1ease 2001/03/07 : CIA-RDP91-00901 R0005000 HARTFORD COURANT (CT) 6 November 1981 There was a time,says former CIA His speeches come at a time of re> Director William E. Colby, when the newed congressional debate over the agency was told..to "go out and be CIA Several senators have sharply more ruthless than its Adversaries." It criticized a plan by President Reagan. was the late 1940s,.and "nobody asked to: allow the intelligence service to .qt -ist; as about-Whether the CIA was conduct- some domestic spying. On following the.Coftstitution:" ' Wednesday, two key Republicans and But things changed :during the last a Democrat on the Senate intelligence decade, when revelations of ache last, committee warned the president that d don pplots and domestic spying such a move would rekindle public sus- a public spotlight on the gfocused rnment's pinion about the agency and the gov- most secret activities. To Colby, who Colby, erwwho self. , said his headed the agency-from 1973 'to 1976 speeches reflect those turbulent years sparked a ``great sepersonal views emed to come down on both sides of orgy of recriminations" which must the domestic spying-debate. He said not be repeated the agency's role is-to gather i.,telli. Colby, 61t whose conservative well= genre abroad, but "there are some tailored suits match a dry, scholarly cases in which groups operating might demeanor, is now a Washington D.C. - be infiltrated. if they are connected to lawyer and an "investment -risk asses- foreign groups." sor" for several multinational corpo- Saying the gravest threat today is rations. But he also is busy these days the great gap between the affluence trying to project a new image for the of our society and the poverty of the F CIA. Third World," Colby asserted that thei Speaking,' at Quinnipiac. College in CIA should "try to understand prob. Hamden Wednesday night,. Colby com- lems of poor nations and neutralize plained, that critics "greatly exagger- threats before they break out in vio. ated the way the CIA violated rules" fence." He said the CIA should gather and said all the 'the breast beating" information which would help poor na i had created "oceans of myths" about tions improve their economies while the U.S. intelligence service. also helping American corporations: Returning to.the post-war mentality gain "a positive image" in the Third: is not the answer, said Colby, who fa- World. vors congressional oversight of the As a consultant to corporations pur-1, CIA. suing worldwide expansion, Colby said! "The CIA used to make up the rules that. American corporations should not! as it went along,". he said. `That can't be prevented from conducting their af- happen anymorebecause~now we have fairs in the same manner as competi- .someguidelines:'?But-h6 also warned tors from other nations. Specifically! that. urdess "we reignite the.spark in be criticized anti-bribery laws and ati' our intelligence officers" it will be dif- tempts to force U.S. companies in I , ficult to counteract the military threat South Africa to reject that country's 1 from the Soviet Union.._ apartheid policies... Colby who. received $2,000 for his "`What the CIA must do is gather in- two-hour lecture to a friendly audi- formation about the rest of the world ence of 350 students and' local resi- so that we can develop policies which dents, has. been busy spreading this would avoid another situation like message across the country. He said Iran," he said. "That doesn't mean that about once a week he travels finding a lot of secrets. Khomeini was somewhere in the country to give his not a; secret before the shah fell. It . views. / means understanding how we can im- i "Let's let the CIA get back to work," prove our position in another country' be concluded }, ~ -r< before its too late to meet a threat:' Approved For Release 2001/03/07y: CIA-RDP91-00901 R0005000 0002-6 STATINTL Approved For Release 2001/03/07 : CIA-RDP91-00901 NEW STATESMAN 6 November 1981 lthe CIA-file, JONATHAN MIRSKY suggests how Reagan's (anti-public expenditure)..' government might use the CIA ' against its opponents THE CIA has always been a broad church. It contracted with the: Mafia to assassinate Fidel Castro and ran an opiuni-producing private army in.Laos It also, ferreted.'out but withheld from me on national security. grounds, that my mother was. musician and author. And now, if Ronald Reagan gets his way; for the first time since its founding in 1947. the CIA will be permitted to spy legally on- American citizens, a pursuit prohibited in the 1947 National Security Act which states: `the Agency shall have no police; subpoena' law enforcement or internal security func- tions.' For years the Agency ignored this prohibition and kept thousands of domestic files. . Why did this vast organisation, busy with murders, destabilisations, and military re- sponsibilities around the world, bother to. break the law at home? The 1975 Rockefel- ler Commission onr the CIA explained: 'Continuing anti-war demonstrations from, 1968 led to growing White House demands for greater coverage of such groups"actiyi ties abroad.' Although the CIA itself assured hirrilit- was not. true, President -Nixon felt certain that gold from Moscow, Peking, Hanoi and Havanasustained the protesters. The Presi- dent therefore ordered the CIA to establis the Special Operations Group, which shel tered behind the cryptonym `CHAOS':-t.; From -300,000. names in-the. CHAOS. 4. computer index, x7,200"`personality-files'- were 'developed': According to the Rock- t:. efellr'r report: .'....._.. _. ,.., ~';~ _`Even the staff of the CIA's Inspector General were precluded from reviewing the CHAOS file '... It is. safe to say that CIA's top leadership wished to avoid even the appear- : ante. of participating. in internal security would generate adverse public reaction if revealed..' - CHAOS was 'terminated' (as the CIA used :to say of successful assassinations) in 1974.. %1 WAS ONE of its 7,200.`personalities'. As the dossier shows Iliad been a good soldier' in the anti-war movement since 1963, when a group of my students at the University of Pennsylvania invited nie to stand on. a grapefruit box and deliver a US-out-of :'4ietnarn talk to seven spectators. Thereaf- -ter I wrote articles and books about Viet- nam, went to Indochina twice, and to jail three times, once for. a week after sitting under a bus-full of draftees. At the Spock trial I testified 65 seconds' for the defence. During this time I continued to teach my university classes, sit on academic commit- tees, publish scholarly;. articles on 8th- :.century China, eat most,of my dinners.at` home,- and make appointments for polite disagreements in the White House, Senate, and-even the CIA. These. facts, and sensations like my mother's_ occupations, emerged from. my' CIA, FBI, Navy, Army and Defense De-- _partment files, which I obtained in 1975 and ? 1976 under the Freedom of Information :Act_-.The cost of such extensive surveill- ance, if paid for by anyone other than the taxpayer, would have broken a substantial bank account and floated ?a private detec- tive agency forever. . My conservativeVermont Senator, also a. believer in free speech, prodded CIA Director William Colby to hand over my file. Colby maintained that my allegations of 'a massive illegal domestic intelligence operation were totally false'. This assertion was revealed, as a lie when Nixon resigned and.the Rockefeller Commission emptied a lot of dirt onto the table. - I then engaged in a postal duel with the CIA's `Freedom of Information Coordina- toe, who finally conceded that we do have certain information believed to be identi6i- able to you', and months later disgorged my heavily-deleted. film in a? thick brown en- velope which proclaimed the CIA to be an Equal Opportunity Employer. The file naturallyincludes my three years spent as an English teacher in Taiwan-for the Asia Foundation.- I say "naturally--! -because' unknown _to? me at the tune the Foundation was?a. CIA front. This may. CIA JUDGMENTS about me during..-the- C, anti-war movement were not always flatter- ing. In one `priority security check' I'am merely'fairly knowledgeable on Commun- ist China and North Vietnam'. In 'Director Cable 62520' I am `anti-us vis-a-vis Vietnam' which I later realised must mean `anti-US'. Much energy went into reproducing dozens of my speeches to. Quaker meetings, Rota-. .rians and coUeges_:_. What was riever"granted' was the name of the efficient person in my hometown Thetford, Vermont, pop-57, who annually reported that my wife and I were good citizens. 'Granting' me that name, said the { chairman of the CIA's Information Review Committee, 'would- reveal investigative technitlues and procedures'.'_ Such sensitivity started- at the very,jpp..l When the first CHAOS report was deli-: 1 vered to.Henry Kissinger by the Agency's then - director, -- ;;Richard . Heirns,: ' -he cautioned: ..'Shauld anyone learn. of CHAOS's existence it would prove ost embarrassing to all concerned'. There is no suggestion anywhere in this mountain- of -documents that my country suspected me of. illegal 'activities. What attracted the spies, accordi'ig to the Free ' dom of Information Coordinator,ware. my `views; travels, - and 'speeches'; In one document,: a Mr-Ober, whose name was inistakenly not deleted; asks fora check on `subject' (later revealed to be me). Mr Ober.., was the head of CHAOS....',Last . week, the .:Congressional sub-i committee endeavouring to.. explore the White House plans to unshackle the CIA from the, 1947 prohibition on. domestic.: spying was foiced to shut up shop after half an hour. The committee's cbairmari, Con gressman Don Edwards o'f California, said :`The public is entitled to know that pressure teas' been placed. one this' committee'. to.; :withdraw frois the.debaie and that prosper- five witnesses have been pressured not to j ?appear.'. Approved For Release 1/ 1?P a6` P94d09g'01 R000500080002-6 were, excised from the file, is the hope, I suppose,: that I might have forgotten who I wnrir..ri fnr - i'~