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December 19, 2016
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November 15, 2005
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January 1, 1977
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Approved For Release 2005/12/14: CIA-RDP91-0Q901R000600040006-5 FROM THE DDCI On 5 July of this year I asked the President to accept my resignation as Deputy Director of Central Intelligence effective 1 August. It was a most difficult decision. We have successfully come through some difficult times together in recent years. More change looms on the horizon, and properly so. Dealing with these challenges will be an exciting task. But in the end, having weighed all the factors, I concluded that it would be in the best interests of the Agency and the nation's intelligence effort if I stepped aside now to facili-tate the Director's task as he prepares toinake decisions about new organizational forms and the kind of new leadership that he will need to carry out his future plans. Approved For Release 2005/12/14: CIA-RDP91-00901 R000600040006-5 . Approved For Release 2005/12/14: CIA-RDP91-00 The Director of Central Intelligence confirms that the Deputy Director of Central Intelligence, Mr. E. Henry Knoche, submitted his resignation to the President on 5 July, to be effective on 1 August 1977. The President has not yet nominated a successor. There are no plans for forced retirements or removals of any top CIA officials. There are no plans for major changes in the CIA organization at this time. Approved For Release 2005/12/14 : CIA-RDP91-00901 R000600040006-5 2 A VC'r_P APPEARED U.S. NEWS & WORLD REPO r ' ` -- roved For Rel s4 d / 114: CIA-RDP91-00901 R00060004 Washington Whispersl Behind the surprise resignation of the Central Intelligence Agency's No. 2 man, E. Henry Knoche, is a bitter controversy that pits the Agency's pro- fessional intelligence ranks against the new Director, Adm. Stansfield Turner. The quarrel centers on a plan by Turner to overhaul the CIA and place his own people in charge of clandes- tine operations. Approved For Release 2005/12/14: CIA-RDP91-00901R000600040006-5 Approved For Release 2005/12/14: CIA-RDP91-00901 NASHVILLE, TEHl. TENNESSEP t 141,842 g-234,0'36 U1 81977, 1 ,.. y J r%U t h Can~ress'create a "czar" who ,:._.- . come. into conflict with the new;' .CIA'-direct '- "' Adm. Stansfield One of the plans wiiich'A.dmiral t Tiirni ris reported to be considering is i iagency:: who, has.-run , its day-to-aay '~Ilr-- : ~~ ua~4 1+aua+ rj~r _ . - operations since 11976,, is -supposed to;`, to ' No.=`2 .man at'the Central Intelligence;--_i, Y ngs, . r.. ,, . `;Agency, Mr: E.~-Henry Knoche, is, . spoiise.ifordered to do something he :considered illegal or unconstitutional . .ed.withsecre ,.. rumor: He said he would.have three choices And during nis=conf-u~zriatioii hear-; a ? THE RESIGNATION last week of. the lif Knoche was` asked his re=c 1VIr: Knochewas. an' unusual top level intelligence reports -so that they pre--- -. ... - , ai:_a.L C,...rn. 01a E , -rccantPA nnlv:one. viewDoinL The czar's -.tion,.Mr. Knoche Ieftno clue.....:. r __ wouldbeinaposition tohomogenizethe - Admiral 3'urner's.prograrris and poll- : X Some have`questioned whether such,;. ties, but would not be sperificabout the .: centralize l control : would only- make= =- disagreements:'_If a letter-written- to, C -these agencies.even-more susceptible CIA employes explaining his' resigna- ' to abuse. For one example, the czar . said he had disagreed- sharply- with-' men l+ a~ _ y L. But the: reasons for Mr. Knoche'S would exercise direct control over the resignation are still hidden deep in the ; entire intelligence community - the shadows. Sources; who speculated CIA,: the Liefense and- State. depart-.': . ' _ = " . others would follow Mr. Knoche's lead, " ' ts' intelligence operations. agency's analysis- division; msceaa:';oi 1r' =unpa _L-V J ava its clandestinv.;,seiice. Manyob- beastupen -servers : hays thought - that the CIA s major troubles.: stemmed from the , r- It is not, mown whether Mr Knoche d Admiral Turnerion this-mate " dirty oppose agency'spropensitytoengagein r tricks" operations These observers r ter. Asa careeranalyst,.he mighthave mniighr su*d 'a n an-- would limit the - ro p coin y as'a sign that the: agency was-snit tang, r nil oversig -however;.Slightly, ' to, a more proper ;The committee members should find Knoche is `ttin M h CIA administration was seen by many = nation repor e y a = rise t mittees b sur h ? Influence them. , ,i.. 1. ;. .:.., 'Therefore, Mr. Knoche's rise in the hY M ? he is:Ieavin0. His resig-' t dl -t ok the congressio-_J foreign countries, ra er ry N ~- .: a' ? _ :. And the trouble is that no one knows- ; r :cal,: economic and--military no p - th thant g to - ~. in ~< . have argued that the CIA s proper was to analyze:. and `understand politi- - scope of this country'sintelligence and-T~~ ovide necessary-diversiLty_ ?. " t r Z~ .. _ ~. _ .:.a ..~ ,:r . < . course OUt: w Approved For Release 2005/12/14: CIA-RDP91-00901R000600040006-5 STAT Approved For Release 2005/12/14: CIA-RDP91-00901 RO PITTSBURGH POST-GAZETTE iB JULY 1977 1 _- _ _; i .. >. Ara T .1 -? S~+ +iO-~ t f- ~~ .? ~[ 1' . ,rf=~+~,~ L1 y` . L Staru rid Turner career of; cer y~tc assOCL3ted wi h St's C' h: ea,::~e director of the Central : _, abuses. Ile has_ been opposed to both +`ts lU nca R ncy, he faced the ,Doer-,'... Turner's, self a tandizement and his . n clesc bed fLCi X2s bee t " i , G'_' t isk of oil i!:g CreS'tinili_y to those in- - Maria e?ii.'n al;; es of the past." It w?s not enough to The Whate House had begun to evalu-. . jive the nation with the ir_ipresson that.'._ate the Turner plan-andto cuestionn its the CIA had once behaved as though it worst effect, the homogenizing of iarejl.i- retained the Mafia as general counsel. "gence estimates now dispersed among = The hard arrroach of a houseclean- . the Na ioual Security Agency, the. CIA s 19 : g at b sadquai Hers was expected from and D erse acid State depat:nent ? i ticent Carter's original nom iiiee for . Thus Mr. Carter's substitution of an rrector, Theodore C. Sorensen. But the unknown , military-figure for a proponent foil her Kennedy aide was beaten back of solid reform. has become a personal by CIA friends in tae Se_,ate. embarrassment to himself. The coatro- No one knew what to expect from versy Leo eoverbas become an addition- Adm. Turner, the Sorensen substitute. As al obstacle to legislative safeguards it turns out he has followed his own path, against abuse by intelligence gatbera s. -- atte Lpt_ing to manipulate tbe consider- To restore public faith in the- egen- -'ble public pressure for re-form into cias and. in be Iuo~tion of intelligence, broad -reorgamzzatio'i of the nation's Mr. Carter must:show a fresh co laanit- f" iL?gence agencies under a single rent to the unfi-nishecl business-of true directory p,'presuinably to be occupieif refoi-rx. He has he chance to do this in - . by 's self. His course has left most guessing hjle satisfy g none. But those who are, royt 'sgruntied, members of the intelli- gence establis:=ment, are having their felings aired with; the resignation of CIA. Deputy Director E. Henry Knoche, a -.:. _ ' te' " ? stiarc ins for ~ Sr. Kn-Lhe's S1-Mess0r. `i It wilt be' a grave mistake and a missed opportunity if Mr.- Carter chooses, as he appears about to, a deputy director from among the vested ranks of Approved For Release 2005/12/14: CIA-RDP91-00901R000600040Q06-5 Approved For Release '20p,*"12Ii)i~~dl~-R-b 91-00901 R P Z3 WASHINGTON POST rNwlaid Evans and Robert Novak. nite,11,111"gence Sigfta'ls: A Defeat for Turner Rejection by President Carter of CIA claimed Foreign Intelligence'Advisory Director Stansfield Turner's bid for Board, Turner has powerful allies in control over the National Reconnais- Congress. The Senate Intelligence Com sance Office (NRO), one of the nation's mittee is working on a reorganization. most important spy agencies, signals at that favors Turner's centralization least temporary decline in Turner's plans. soaring bureaucratic power. Moreover; the President and the Sen-! That rejection, not yet announced, ate coininittee reached informal agree-1 was decided on late last week when De- meat several months ago to ? work to-; fense Secretary Harold Brown and the gether in reorganizing the CIA and the military high command convinced top entire intelligence community. The White House aides that the Pentagon Senate committee is now leaning must retain control over NRO's esplo- toward complete transfer of NRO nage activities. These include such es- budget and operational authority from ! sential spying operations as picture-tak- the Pentagon to the Director of ing from high altitudes by satellites and gene. U-2-type aircraft, sampling air particles Nevertheless, Turner's rapid escala-, and intercepting communications. tiara in a brief four months to become a A compromise has been pieced -to- Carter confidant has been slowed, a po-:_ gether, at Brown's suggestion, that will litical fact transcending the battle over give Turner partial control over NRO's control of NRO. A part of that decelera- budget. But as one of the President's tion was bad staff work inside Turner's. chief advisers told us, "Not even Stan office, which trapped him in an embar-; Turner could pry NRO away from the rassing mistake last week that the Pen-: military. It's the life-blood of their war tagon has been at pains to point out. planning." The General Accounting Office, the The battle swirling around President congressional watchdog agency, asked Carter involves NRO and other parts of Turner about the Pentagon-approved the pending intelligence reorganize- sale of $1.2 billion in highly specialized tion, embodied in options called Presi- radar aircraft (AWACS) to Iran. In re- dential Review Memorandum ' No: 11. sponse,. Turner sent a highly publicized There has been no fiercer struggle in written reply that certain .top-secret the young Carter administration. Mem equipment on the aircraft could jeop- orandum No. 11 went to Carter on July ardize U.S. security. Infuriated by this 13, with strong indications that he was flanking .. attack, Defense Secretary leaning toward giving Turner what he Brown telephoned Brzezinski to say wanted: overall control of NRO, with that none of the seven AWACS planes power to dictate use of its "assets: contained the top-secret equipment (a coding machine). - : = - - Brown's counterattack gained the That's not all. Turner inherited a va.. tt )batting of Budget Director Bert Lance bureaucratic empire torn to shreds by and National. Security Director Zbig-- repeated congressional investigations, niew Brzezinski: Their potency post- by alleged confessionals from ex- agents, the decision and then persuaded agents, by.exploitation of politicians the President that, except for budget- and by suspicions of allied intelligence ary oversight, NRO should stay with agencies that it is no longer secure. Mo- rale problems he inherited four months The defeat for Turner mayo prove ago have lingered and even multiplied. temporary. Jiaving played a major role in killing the President's widely ac- Crx control over N-RO because clandestine operations in the old style are now passe, no longer produefl.v& and totally unacceptable to frightened: politicians. Turner flatly denied that allegation to us. Although his own study of all. present CIA undercover operations has produced some deficiencies, he added?, it has revealed no major mistakes. But the form taken by Turner's study of clandestine operations, has produced new anger inside the CIA. Turner gave his proxy to a private management con- sultant named Robert I). (Rusty) WWil- liams, with a $417,5O(( government salary and carte blanche powers to hunt: through the darkened closets of secret .operations. - Fairly or not, Williams is now bit- ingly referred to as "super-sleuth" by old CIA bands, some of whom are con- vinced Turner means to name him to a, permanent CIA job near the top. Added to these morale problems was last week's leak that Turner had ousted longtime CIA professional Henry Knoche as deputy director. Turner told us he had nothing to do, with the leak and deeply resented it. He wanted Knoche's departure-and that of per- haps many other senior, officials--to. await the President's final reorganiza- tion plan. . While not responsibly Turner was damaged by the leak--damage that reached into the Oval Office itself",. where Jimmy Carter bad often been heard to praise Knoche. Coincidentally, his first defeat on the bureaucratic re- organization followed soon after. --+ 014Tf,FialdE.ciisrpTlxs,Icu. - Approved For Release 2005/12/14: CIA-RDP91-00901R000600040006-5 .41tTnCLE'E {~I PAGE Tl-D NEW YORK TIMES roved For Release 39Aj/1if z : CIA-RDP91-00 ing official, E. Henry Knoche, resigned countability to the. President-a pro- .last week after 24 years, apparently posal that Mr. Carter has yet to reflecting widespread dissatisfaction endorse and which would require Con- among professional intelligence ana- gressional approval. The professionals lysts with the leadership of the new disagree, however, because they feel agency -director,, Adm. Stansfield that the C.I.A. would lose its singular Turner. value and hence its importance. And the agency admitted that it had Mr. Turner's formal military manner THE WEEK IN REVIEW conducted further clandestine drug-ex priments in previous decades. The Admiral was given a mandate, by President Carter to help reorganize.. the intelligence community to prevent,- a recurrence of the abuses of recent years and to improve the community's ability to provide accurate information to policy planners. But many of the agency professionals, like Mr. Knoche, have been disturbed both by the kind of changes the new director has in Troisble Topside AttheC.L. . The unhappy Central Intelligence Agency, much criticized from without, suffered two more blows, this time from within. The,agency's respected second-rank- mind and by the manner in which he has been trying to implement them. Admiral Turner has proposed merg- evidently ` has not helped matters. Some career agency officials reported ly considered him remote. President. Carter- is reportedly con- sidering as Mr.: ? Knache's successor Lyman B. Kirkpatriclc;;.a former high 7 official of- the agency. -As inspector general in. the 1950's, one of Mr. Kirk- patrick's tasks was investigating LSD experiments that a Senate committee later declared to be unauthorized and. abusive. The experiments reported last week by the agency were similar. They in- volved persons who had not given in-. ing the C.I.A. and the other intelii.,., formed consent-including alcoholics, Bence-gathering arms of the Govern addicts and terminal cancer patients- rnent(nto a single unit to insure ac- befor5,being given knockout drugs. Approved For Release 2005/12/14: CIA-RDP91-00901R000600040006-5 Approved For Release 2005M 2/14' CC a 000 WASHING L 8 ? the except the "K" drug rocs of the lntel11,1,ence By Robert G. Kaiser . - All of se A' ussed in the Church commit- which are uncovered-" sC Wasbin?ton Post Staff Writer were i The White House reveled yester tee's final report in April 1976. The "^. Jody Powell, Cat-ters press setre- day that the Central Intelligence committee found that INIK-ULTRA tary, said the material was released Agency has uncovered new details of gave LSD to unwitting subjects (one quickly to head off any charge that- its own experiments with exotic drugs- of whom, Dr. Frank Olson, died as' a the administration Was trying to hide from 1953 to 1964. result), used private Institutions clan- new information. In what appeared to be a pre-emp- destinely to conduct research, and Powell said the resignation this tive announcement to the press, the used prisoners and patients as sun- week of E_ Henry :Knoche, deputy di- rector of central intelligence,, had 'White 'House released a letter from jests, CIA Director Stansfield Turner: to The committee found that the CIA nothing to d3 with the newly discoa- Sen.. Daniel K. Inouye (D-Hawaii), went to great lengths to conceal the ered DIK ULTRA financial records;. 'XIK-ULTRA project because of its pn another CIA matter. Powell dia- .?ha_rman of the Senate intelligence committee, briefly describing the new evidence found in CIA files. The: White House did not release any detailed information on the. new discoveries, however, and -what it did relzssa'added very little to the docu- inertec history of CIA drug experi- inentation-including the admihistra- t.aa of drugs like LSD to?unwitting, human ?guinea pigs-revealed by Sena Frank Church's (D-Idaho) investiga- tion of the agency- The Senate Intelligence Committee plans to hold public hearings on the new information next week, probably sensitivity. vied that. Carter has offered the depu In his letter Turner said that the - ,newly found financial records don't ty's job to Prof 14 m an. B. Iiirltpatrick i>< a former exec it i e " " y, rs v but -.,of Brown Un present ."a complete picture "provide more detail than was previ- tive director of the CIA.. The New, ously available." York Times reported Thursday that: Turner said lie wanted to testify . be had been offered the job. Asked if. about thin the intelligence Kirkpatrick. would be offered it latex;, committee "in keeping with the Presi- Powell replied; "Not that I know 'TAT dent's commitment to disclose any er- no." on Wednesday or Friday, and the: skimpy outline of facts released yes-, terday could blossom into substantial new revelations. The newly discovered documents re-' ported by -Turner are financial rec- ords of MK-ULTRA, a supersecret CIA research and development pro- gram? involving exotic drugs and, their' possible uses for intelligence on -mili- tary purposes. The CIA files describing MK-UL-3' TR:L were destroyed in 1973 at the suggestion. of then-Director Richard Helms, according to testimony before the Church committee. But a continuing search through CIA files-.has discovered records on', disbursements made for MK-ULTRA,.' according to Turner's letter to Inouye. Turner's . letter enumerated these., activities for which money was appar- ently disbursed: ? ? Testing of drugs on American citi- zens without their knowledge, in cases beyond those already revealed. ? Research on the ministration of drugs. ? Research on a 'knockout or. ``K" drug, 'including tests ? on. "advanced cancer patients." . ? Eiperiments using drug -.addicts or alcoholics.. ? A posse } WCPFqeF&la9e 2005/12/14: CIA-RDP91-00901 R000600040006-5 "private instit on.. _ , ...; . ays na TN ew.-I Approved For Release 2005/12/14: CIA-RDP91-00901R0 0600040006-5 NEV YORK DAILY NEWS 16 JULY 1977 By FRANK VAN RrPER__ -- man of the Senate -Intelligence` Commitee. In thel 111'ashington (News Bureau) - The. White House said yesterday that the Central Intelli- gence. Agency has uncovered new evidence of drug experiments,om-humans conducted-by the spy agency- about 10 years.-ago, including tests and cancer patients - -- 0 "Research undertaken on surreptitious methods The experiments : part of the: notorious. CIA of administering drugs." - proECT "ZIK-Ultra that led to the sucide of -army- .0-Drug experimentation on drug. addicts and- alco- bioehemistFrank Olson were uncovered during a holier. search of the agency's financial records. Research into a knockout or "IC' drug ostensibly The new disclosure`left unclear just how extensive performed in conjunction with treatment of advanced the CIA drug experimentation cancer patients, with the same p~etients tared as guinea. experimentation program'~vas or how. piss, for-the CIAhdrugs. many persons were-tested and how,many drugs, be- ? A possibility of a "improper-payment" to an irides haiticinogenic compunds like LSD, were used - unnamed "private institution" in. connection with the. The White House released a deter from CIA Direc- experiments.. = tar; Adm,. Stanfield -Turner to Daniel Inouye,- chair Turner's letter-, said that `'the' thug-related activi- -ties described in the newly located material began almost 25 years ago,-1 assure'. you they were discontin- ued over 10 years ago and, do not takeplace. t9day!' White House Press Secretary Jody Powell said that he did not know whether the documents-contained,: evidence of any previously unreported injuries and deaths may. . Whew` Project ULTRA. first : surfaced ? in the-.1975. probe of CLV abuses, it was disclosed- that Olson, wlio committed from a New-York City,- hotel . room in 1953,-had .been-surreptitiously. adminis- tered LSD by a- CIA operative:"Olson's family had not been told of the LSD experiment until details' were' leter Turner conceded that. the agency had earlier concluded "that most of the. documents on this mater (the ULTRA project) .had been destroyed." = However, Turner- said` in his leter that a new searcb of CIA records disclosed the following: `6 "Possible additional cases -of- drugs being tested experiment program; . Powell insisted that there, wart:. would: reopen' the:: investigation-.into . the- LIA's- drug. deputy director of Intelligenee.for the_, C IA. Approved For Release 2005/12/14: CIA-RDP91-00901R000600040006-5 _Lp a .PAGEI, Approved For Releas 0 f~' T IAP_ObTD91-00~ ' 5 JULY 1~977 (NEWSPAPER AS RECEIVED) arding';~o a CI source ~a,'iiispute hover ch?inges planned?by.`th>gexrcy's ,'ssocIated Press Lyman B. Kirkpatrick, a' political science .l?rofesso at $rQSyn;Univecsity,. is being seriou Iy c,Qnsiderec the- BYO ,? postat:the.Central Intel hgence gQney, sources:'close.;;to- the-.White; ouse- aid yesterday The CIA's deputy"director; B: Henry Lv-inair'' alf'-Kiirkpa trick Seen. as'No:. 2 at CIA rip txeck