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December 19, 2016
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October 11, 2005
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March 3, 1980
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Approved For Release 2005/11/28: CIA-RDP 1- 0 6000 _~ 1 Y^ V&n THE WASHINGTON STAR (GR-~J t' R g _ 3 March 1980 I -r% ar -T. .o a n: Fifteen years ago, when I was director of the -U.S. Information Agency (USIA), and when we had half,a mil- lion American soldiers bog-, ged down in Vietnam; Presi- dent Johnson called me, out of a luncheon at-the West German Embassy. "I'm sitting .here Qitli' (CIA Director) John, McCone," . Johnson `said. "MScCone says that. there's - real light at-, thend o-the tunnel, an4''aRwe need"tq win is for yoisto beam in, some rn.or rpropagandq.,- Can't yotr.;persox ally talk to the Indi-ans;..t.he-Thais-.ot someone sci we;can get':,tlmt new medium-* ave transmit.; ter out ther'e.sornewhere?' I provoked'a-nasty discus-^ Sion saying that "if McCone's intelligence were as reliable as our broadcast- -~ing, we'd be a lot nearer the end of the tunnel." But I went ahead and al)-- pealed personally to Thai- ,land's foreign minister, Thanat Khoman, and got the, Thai government to reyerse an earlier decision and ac- -cept .a. transmitter that is- .today a powerful "voice of America" in Southeast Asia.:: But we, lost the Vietnam .war-.=And- a lot of people. should have learned that. broadcasts, leaflets dropped from: -planes and other "propaganda" cannot. make .up for bad political and mili- tarydecisions. Bnt it seems people,neyer. learn: The hostage crisis'in Iran and the Soviet invasion. of Afghanistan-have- pro-.f voked- sillynew.cries that everything would be OK if we just_had more aggressive. propaganda' from 'the Voice; of America and from- other, elements, of.'the .; Ititerna-: tional Communications Ag-. ency (ICA,foi'merly.USIA)..__- Through nasty.,leaks that seem to lead back to the staff of natibtial ,security. adviser Zbigniew: Brzezinski, the "media are-being fed the-line that the U.S. is-in trouble iii, the Middle. East, Africa an South As14WF1F~~? ets have been out-broaddcast Wing and outAying:the Voice of America:: Ridder Newspapers quoted a "White Mouse official" as ,criticizing ICA for putting too much money into ex- change programs, for not having brvadcastto Iran in.. ,Farsi-for almost two decades prior,to the fall of the shah -,,and criticizing ahe-Voice of America for taking four monthsto get Persian broad casts-going after President Carter ordered --.tYiem .. in . December 1978., , , ..:. 'Leaks suddenly popped up even in gossip .columns -trying to make ICA aiidlits director, John Rei'n-hardt the villains of the Iran znd'- Afghanistan debacles.'- -White House sources told me that the leaker..was-Paul. Henze,. a Brzezinski aide who formerly worked for- the CIA and Radio Free Eu- rope and is now the White House expert on _foreign- , broadcasting- Henze . told me that he did not inspire the Vera Glaser 'article, and that he'doe?"nc~t .share the view that the 'Voice of America ought to move away from news and ;telling the truth to devote more time to hard propa- ganda. "Once you abarld,otr-the-- truth you lose your. credit, ity, and then nobody lis- tens," Henze said. .. He told ine th'f fhe White' been to get- VDA?to'change fewer programs bean}ed -to Southeast Asia and more'ta: to'get mare powerful. trans- 'areas, with Sri Lanka a.possi- No matter who is doing for Mr. Carter'to remind Soviet propaganda" is not re- troubles in !ran and Afghap-. by~the shah, arid. by:oceti" Iran, and our broadcasts 6 1 that country, were all made-? :.quate because U.S. officials deferred to the wishes of the shah and embraced the illu- sion' that Iran was so safe that such activities were un-, necessary: - ' A former 1CA officer wrote an article for the New York Times in which he de- plored the fact that, as the hostage crisis developed in 1 Iran, "We didn't manufac- ture a single slogan!" Recent developments prove that it is idiotic to sug- gest that a few slogans would have":changed the minds- of the-Ayatollah Khomeini, or Foreign Minis-- ter Sadegh Ghotbzadelt, or the terrorists holding the: hostages. President Carter must im-,i -press upon his aides that even in times, of crisis Americans will not, -in panic, embrace totalitarian- :ism and fascism. In testi- 'mony -before Congress re-' Gently, Reinhardt said: "This country does not need should not want - a propaganda agency. We do not. need to trim'the truth The power of our ideas, the grandeur of our accoili= plishments, speak for them- selves." - f What Mr. Carter must . make clear-is whether Rein- hardt or the anonymous- - leaker speaks 'for this ad- ministration,- STAT ppants of our Whi-te House, ease 2005/1'Il626u9(UAbtO5*f 64 000600090010-5 Out:,Jntetligerice slid. Approved For Release 2005/11/28 : CIA-RDP91-00901 OFFICIAL ORGAN OF THE ASSOCIATION OF FORMER INTELLIGENCE OFFICERS At The Fourth National Convention... NEW BOARD MEMBERS ELECTED, NEW OFFICERS APPOINTED On October 1-2 delegates to the Fourth Annual AFIO Convention in Coronado, California elected new members to the organization's Board of Directors, and the new Board appointed officers for 1978-79. The new AFIO President is General Robert E. Cushman, Jr., USMC, (Ret.), who replaces Dick Stilwell. General Cushman has served as the 25th Commandant of the Marine Corps and as Deputy Director of CIA. Mr. Don Huefner, formerly of CIA, was selected as AFIO's new Vice President, to succeed Steve Hammond. Reappointed to their former positions were Anita Potocki, Treasurer, and Frances Hoffmeier, Secretary. The new Board of Directors consists of the following old and new members: Chairman, David Atlee Phillips Executive Committee General Richard G. Stilwell, USA Ret. John S. Warner Walter Pforzheimer Members Lieutenant General Marshall S. Carter, USA Ret. William J. Casey William E. Colby Mrs. Helen Priest Deck Lieutenant General Daniel 0. Graham, USA Ret. Vice Admiral Frederick J. Harlfinger II, USN Ret. Derek A. Lee The Honorable Clare Boothe Luce The Honorable John M. Maury Lieutenant General W. Ray Peers, USA Ret. Donald W. Perry Stanton V. Phillips Dr. Louis Tordella Major General Harold E. Watson, USAF Ret. Colonel George R. Weinbrenner, USAF Ret. Speakers at the California reunion, the largest and most successful AFIO gathering to date, included The Honorable John Alex McCone, Congressman Bob Wilson, Professor William Van Cleave, Admiral Ulysses S. Grant Sharp, General Richard Stilwell, Lyman B. Kirkpatrick, Jr., and Mr. John Warner, AFIO Legal Advisor. During the Convention the Board of Directors floored the proposal that annual dues be increased from $10 to $15 per annum. The assmbled delegates voted to make the increase $20 due to AFIO's growing responsibilities in the Congressional liaison area and because all dues and donations to AFIO are now tax-deductible. Delegates also ratified a decision by the AFIO Board of Directors to join the newly formed Coalition of Peace Through Strength. Two AFIO Board members, General Dick Stilwell and Lieutenant General Danny Graham are of Congress, from both major parties, on its rolls. These elected representatives and the more than sixty organizations comprising the Coalition hope to foster a re-examination of what the U.S. defense posture should be. Local newspaper publicity and stories on AP and UPI resulted from the conclave. The mayor of San Diego, Pete Wilson, proffered a formal declaration to the con- vention, naming October 1 and 2 as "Association of Former Intelligence Officers' Days" in San Diego. Congratulations are in order for Lee Echols, California State Chairman, and the enthusiastic and hardworking volunteers of the San Diego Chapter, under President Don Perry, who made the convention such a success. Also contributing were Col. Carl Eifler and his wife, Margaret, who donated a fine painting which was auctioned at the reunion. The Honorable John Alex McCone, former Director of Central Intelligence, was the speaker at the final banquet of the 1978 AFIO Convention. -RDtA1Ih1L009MR)40069044025 a videotape featuring speakers at the convention, and is Copyright 1978, by Don L. Davis, as are th( -- nn nnna-m I nnri 7_) co-sponsors of t1~ 2T li' led iv0o~361tei Ffd ~sl 8 : Cl to ensure an adequate defense posture. One of the planks of the Coalition is the retention of a capable and 11 _,..,.,,,....,sh o.:nn -A ecrurity nAhilit in Approved For Release 2005/11/28 : CIA-RDP91-00900 R000600090010-5 ,uR 1Ci E :~-uI'i mil SATURDAY REVIEW ON PAGE C - 3.February 1979 The Shocking Search fur an "liz it by John Marts Richard Helms, Sidney Gottlieb, Allen Dulles-Architects of the CIA's covert drug-testing program The CIA's venture into control of human behavior-a systematic bugs, tapes, suicide pills, explosive sea shells, transmitters program of testing LSD on unwitting Americans- began some hidden in false teeth, cameras in tobacco pouches, invisible two decades ago; nevertheless, it remained buried in the agency's inks, and the like. In later years, these gadget wizards from secrecy system until the Rockefeller Commission and the Church TSS would become known for supplying some of history's Committee unearthed its general outlines in 1975. The news sto- more ridiculous landmarks, such as Howard Hunt's ill-fitting Ties and headlines about these revelations, however, failed to satisfy red wig, but in the early days of the CIA, they gave promise free!mce reporter John Marks; and he began a three-year search for of transforming the spy world. the details that would flesh out the tale surrounding the CIA's Within TSS, there existed a chemical division with func- mir_d-control programs. Through the Freedom. of Information Act, Lions that few others, even in TSS, knew about. These fienc- he turned up srnr-e16,000 pages of CIA documents, most of which Lions concerned the use of chemicals (and germs) against agency officials had not furnished to executive-branch or Senate specific people. From 1951 to 1956, the year when. the CIA's investigators, and he continued by interviewing numerous people interest in LSD peaked, Sidney Gottlieb, a native of the Bronx directly involved. Many of the CIA's secrets, he says, will always with a Ph.D. in chemistry from Cal Tech, headed this divi- be jffiec"f ; 1y protected by some agency officers. But Marks himself sion. Only 33 years old when he took over the Chemical succeeded in penetrating the shadowy intrigue that cloaked CIA Division, Gottlieb had nonetheless gained the respect of his testing of mind-altering drugs. The story he was able to piece colleagues, who described him as willing to carry out, as one together is presented here. ex-assodate puts it, the tough things that had to be done.' At the top ranks of the Clandestine Services (officially ?' OR BETTER oawoRsE, LSD rune to America in 1949, when called the Directorate of Operations, but popularly known as Ebe the counterculture generation that the drug eventually the "dirty tricks" department) Sid Gottlieb had a champion 0 symbolized was not even out of the nursery At the time, who appreciated his qualities-Richard Helms. For two dec- the CIA and the military intelligence agencies were just set- ades, Gottlieb would move to progressively higher positions ling out on their quest for drugs and other exotic methods to in the wake of HelmYs climb to the highest position in the take possession of people's minds. The ancient desire to con- agency. Gottlieb was loyal, and he followed orders. Although trol enemies through magical spells and potions had come many people lay in the chain of command between the two alive again, and several offices within the CIA competed to men, Helms preferred to avoid bureaucratic niceties and deal become the head controllers. directly with Gottlieb. The agency's Technical Services Staff (TSS) was one of these On April 3, 1953, Helms proposed to CIA Director Allen offices; at tee time, it was officially meant to be investigating Dulles that the agency set up a program under Gottlieb for . the use of chemical and biological warfare (CBW) in covert 'covert use of biological and chemical materials.' Helms operations. TSS ,Aspt/lle#tsiz~9`0861$CIAd~11~1~90Ef6QD~9P~l~' materials in'pres- and Development unit of America's World War II spy agency, ent and future clandestine operations" and added that the the Office of Strategic Services (OSS), and its specialists fur- capabilities acquired would "enable us to defend ourselves :_1- _a 1_-1. ........ a. ? C..- mss nno.ainnna? Falco nanQrc amino a fe who might not be as restrained in the use of STAT Approved For Release 2005/11/28 : CIA-RDP91-00901R00060009001 WILMINGTON SUNDAY NEW JOURNAL (Da_".) 5 November 1978 By JOE TRENTO + , ` ' ? ~tKS 6i' s` were turned over. to `Justice as; ,A~ ~ soon as Judge George-TH t J , ar r~ ... ;. CopynghtiJ3br:ThoNews%JoumilCo.-- Si -q r unsealed ..the:=civil-_'cernnlaint ent criminal misconduct of. high officials'.', of_Inter.: national,,Telephone and Telegraph .C rp ' ==~ charges of, fraud. and falsifying, company books are-; -contained in-;volumitiousISEC..fiie`s: turned over. toy Justice, according;to.officials..of.both;federal;agen?~ +.i.wAAVILLa&Lc..aALAI='. %;."aimku investigation-, Comes i? Jr, Ilr vice -president for_corps= On directly. .4n ,.the .heels Off a; federal-judge's orders rate relations: and -Robert' J.' Berl ced tee mer i ez -L i ^_,.- a . -..- ? ,..lane-:! _ ___ s s. at i !?lif7en ga pst.I7 ;, he~i3a oc1!a~10tli jargestCO ore- . ca official wl is now, .a" Loci . . Angeles public relations :rriahagiz i~That' civi om l'c plaiitt, charging ITT with tampefor thm corporation. Their trials - - sr g' with" its ; books': to hide'; almost ' $9;'milli . y-;1- n ;. are pendin ~, g L o . :forpigri.'payiiffs;, asks the court to order the dismiss, ~.' Leading -to? those-charges were, t' a + ' : l of alLITT .~iaard,metnbers, including`?chairmaii plea bargaining deals with' Harold 1-;Harold S' G e' Teen :~t~w `~ :. ? f: ? . a .,,.?, ? . V H d ' + f . iY , r ? . s , . .F ,,t .S w + ? en r so also worked fort ITT on Latin tmer1ca,~andwithI SEC;:says,te payoffs, :.}vhich e e hidd .. 'UPnni en & LUAU director:. -''~ ,i ..; ? ? ..~? r: cialIy 3 l)ure? if the case were t .-t e'governxnent and tamperiri w` ueL'nse stockholders by v The Gerrity and Be-else . cases ' r 'the t ompa le li k e u a ny oo sTh s s unsiiceilii n SEC also wants~ITr_fined- essu;g - have?bec,,me entangled in nation-! =went tdU S. Su- ,'rd100,OQ0,for every dayit fails to give thie`coinmissio of bee e Court n+ al security. arguments i,defails; o? bribery an Spain Italy,Beigiuai'and:wes%: . ; At thet Hai the seal'; not n `Iifted d tail . a ~~ , .-: : , . ?.? request of the CIA, theA Justice! SEC s kes ~.. t~ i ? Y I ~ % ~ y:l < + man : ti y. ?i " ti 4 on said I " ,i,~c a..;, -e ?` , ? ~:"~ j, J,vll +>1!,?l '-'t'?'~r *~~,~+: Ilepartment`is,withhokiin lnfor-`guess it would havebeenun rec!e-.} SEC and Justice sources, say. the criminal roves, oration that ?Berellez's -la dentedfortli+' SEC.-The p ` ligation is focused on Geneen and members: of;hisi wyer! , _ point is to'.i to his client s- de_i Iet,shareholders know wheat, kind 'liand,pick eneenRracbine, whoarestill off!afense pa of of trouble.their company r~tanap e- cers of the multinational corpora-? lion. A new -pre?sident~.Lymaa C. ,;,The national security irsforma_ 'inentiS iri:; iU 1 tion??includes. details of CIA` in-1 -,Larson:- said . that.while ? reins as chi -11 , Eamilton Jr_,. tooic?.over the-ITT; voivement, in- payoffs b-ZTT' of( could have-b4.sued in the priva:,;f reins efe?exeeutive.:officer :Chilean;politicians:.between..197O cyoLa--judge'schanmbe,. . last December-, our r ,and 1972, At first the payoffs re: is to get=the-'word of theirivestioa_. Sources close: too tire; iavestigaw used to?. try'-to -'prevent. blarxi lion-: out-'amEng. stockholders so tion and the -company.,. say. ,that -Salvation-AIleridefrom.b~cotnin they can act accordin I-Iamilton is anxious?to shalre the gg~~ Sly.,'= fPresidento?Chile, in 1970.;,I:ater-t Despite -i-e,ated. calls- to' ITT problems and xious tcrea ke by.. the Geneen=Mackine~s tactics. the'i o ati'shows,. ITT. - offi= Friday; no.onein the public rela One attorney-in-the SEC.t}facti s. feialsbribed membersof Aliende's, Lions - depariment:of-, the:-firm the General':Counsel,,wlri dof fgovernmentto prevent the takes could be reached for comment -: -I the ~of.- company ~ holdings:'-~int `^ Geneerrrai:sed.ITT from-a rela-~., cl'ined to be identified, said ITI' is. ChilteTco:-tbeChi1ean-te1e .h,one1 lively uniimsortant _e.? offering t0+#ir Ceneert- and some P place zn- i of his settjett3e the SEC r-~mPany corporate--?arld ? to what mail ixy.. complaints y ;, ' - ~ , -'The SEC` referred:-iixlireetTy to, :wall:Street-'analysts consider. t ae: The',Iustlre piobeX_is.'--am ithose-bribes-. in its'corirplaimt~thisi mostlatggre,ssiye-~.iaternationaL' matter;how+evesprobCsp kno er ;week: ITT collected $91.2 million} corporation thatahas;'ever doiie'a Chiles Larson said Friday;-`" arr"r: %from the U.S. government's Overt business_ id nc+t. in a . positianM:to: be~;abiet'ta~ ;seas.. Private;,-Investment -.Corp;. Last Christrn'as- Geiieeri stepped:: comment on whaf :vre :have or. after'Ailende-confiscated Chiitele.. down as the I.TT's cEiief executive'- , have not:.ttirne'.ovewe,- lie!3u - ;.Since' .ITI"s insuranee contracts at the age of 67 to be replaced by ; lice Iot z xried ove cast~.. `.with the government' said them Hamilton JTT,Sources told-Le_.i rice Justice's spokesman=liobeit. (company wd-'rribune. RV. rhr mncr vnttarhle these associations. according to CIA Approved For ReI O i Wil -CIA-RDP91-009 Fhe. U-2, Guba, and th STAT 1 n the still of the October night, the slender, birdlike plane threatening stance an lifted into the sky from its base in California, climbed sharply Khrushchev ultimate]. on a column of flame, and headed east through the darkness. Pilot dismantled and returnee Richard Heyser, in the cramped, tiny cockpit, had good reason to As the missile crisis be apprehensive, but he had little time to worry. He was totally certainty, beyond any occupied with the intricacies of navigation and with the exacting were indeed being ins task of keeping his sleek aircraft aloft; for this plane was so shores. Kennedy was c specialized, so refined, that in the rarefied atmosphere that was imposing a blockade-ii its element it hung in the sky only tentatively, as if suspended contemplate the even graver risk o au from a wisp of spider's silk. As the plane climbed above fifty against Cuba, an act that might well have brought Soviet thousand feet it entered a critical altitude level called the retaliation. How could Kennedy have been so sure? "chimney." Once in theehimney,if the pilot flew a shade too slow, Theanswerliesinasecret airplane flight an.dinthetechnology the plane would go into a stall and a spin from which it would that made itpossible?atechnologyof spying developed underthe never recover. If he flew a shade too fast, the fragile craft would aegis of the Central Intelligence Agency: This technology come apart in mid-air. wrapped American spies in anew cloak, endingtheMata Hari era For several hours the aircraft arrowed across the continent, and ushering in an age of optics and electronics. The technology gradually climbing higher and higher into the chimney. Periodi- also gavethe U.S. an enormous intelligence-gathering advantage cally the pilot adjusted his airspeed, for as the plane climbed, the over the Soviet Union at the height of the Cold War. At times, as. razor's edge between stall and disintegration grew ever finer, in the missile crisis, this intelligence allowed the U.S. to antic sharper. Dawn came, then sunrise. Now the Gulf of Mexico ipate threatening moves by Russia. Equally important, the shimmered below. intelligence also dispelled groundless fears about Russian milt. The island came into view, tropical green rimmed by bright tary superiority. Giventhe touchy temperamentof thetimes,bad sand beaches. The pilot flew south of the island to a predeter- the U.S. not possessed such intelligence, eventsmighthave taken mined point in space, then turned back north. Pursuit might come an even more frightening turn. at any time now, quick death slanting upward like an arrow. The development of sophisticated intelligence-gathering tools There was a switch on a panel at his right hand. He had already began in the early 1950's, a time when the climate for such thrown it from "off" to "stand by." Now as the plane passed high development was very favorable. For one thing, the President or over the island's shore the pilot:looked into his drift sight, a the United States was a former general of the Army who had it periscopelike device that peered through the belly of the plane. professional soldier's familiarity with photo aPIUC intelligence.. . .Then his hand moved once again to the switch on the panel... During World War II, aerial reconnaissancehad been carried out by ordinary bombers and fighters stripped down and equipped During a period of thirteen days in October, 1962, the United with cameras instead of guns. These unarmed planes were highly States and the Soviet Union stood at the brink of war. In a vulnerable and extremely unpopular with their pilots, whose confrontation over Russia's placing nuclear-tipped strategic motto could be paraphrased as: "Get your pictures and get your missiles in Cuba, American aircraft, naval vessels, and assault tail out of there." The recon planes had to fly at low altitudes in troopswentort alert and prepared forbattle,while in CubaSoviet turbulent air; since the cameras had no gyrostabilizing mech- technicians rushed to complete the installation of missiles that anisms to cushion them against shock, the quality of the photo- could reach almost any point in the United States. During the graphs was generally poor, and even the quantity of information two-week crisis, Presideqt Ke edy estimated that the chance of was limited by the film, which had a thick, space-consuming `BcY~~EISe{ff~slfn2~6E~ilts~3 : 6~Pb~c1$#7db6~0A's, V armed conflict was "bet postwar analysis - that potentially catastrophic war did not occur. Kennedy took a- revealed that some 80 per cent of all useful military intelligence )7 ::PPEAiZ '1JApproved For Release 2005/11/28 : CIA-RDP91-009 t .1: TILE NEW YOLK TIKES 22 September 1977 rco ics Bureau Is . Linked to couriers ;so that documents could b i stolen from them. . Even after the death in 1953 of Fran Olson, an Army scientist who develope a psychotic reaction and committed su cide after unwittingly drinking a gla of liqueur containing LSD,. Dr.: Gottli said that no additional safeguards we provided. He explained that physicia advising the agency had been unable find any "absolute" connection betwe the LSD and the suicide. Senate investigators had hoped that Gottlieb could describe the manner which the drug tests were conducted, b he told. the subcommittee today that,. though he had visited the: apartmen I maintained by the- intelligence-agency WASHINGTON, Sept. 21-Dr. Sidney Gottlieb, who supervised the Central In- teliigence Agency's tests of drugs on un- suspecting human subjects, told a Senate subcommittee today that the old Federal Bureau of Narcotics had cooperated in the tests. Dr. Gottlieb's testimony before the Sen- ate Subcommittee on Health and Scientif- jc Research was'the first to link the nar- cotics bureau, since supplanted by the Drug Enforcement Administration; direct- ly:to drug testing. He said the ..bureau had wanted to find out :whether.,secretly. administered drugs could make potential narcotics informers talk. Former officials of the Bureau of Nat- : cotics have denied knowing. anything- about drug tests on unwitting subjects, even though their agency shared under- coVer apartments: with the -C.I.A. and evert though one of their officials, the .late George H. White using the -code name Morgan Hall, ran the tests for the. agency. Drug'Agency Chief Shocked By JO THOMAS 5pecls6 to The New York Timex testified. today that his action had had "nothing to do with covering up illegal activities,'.' but was done, in part, because "this material was sensitive and capable of being misunderstood." Dr. Gottlieb said. he had destroyed the files on his own initiative and not, as was- previously reported, under orders from . Richard, Helms, then Director of Central Intelligence. Mr. Helms testified under oath in 1975 that he never ordered the destruction of the drug records. A document that came to light in today's hearing indicated that Dry- Got- tlieb's deputy had attempted to.stop the destruction of these files. Asked. about: this, Dr. Gottlieb replied, "I can't recall."_ Dr. Gottlieb said that at the time he considered his work to be "extremely un- pleasant, . extremely difficult, extremely sensitive, but above all, to be extremely urgent and important." He said he believed that hostile coun- tries were still attempting to administer drugs covertly, and that "the final chap- ter hasn't been written To illustrate this point, he said he had been asked in :"approximately- 1971" to f determine whether members of the staff of President.Nixon,-including his p y "Stormy, a.' code name-"for LSD de-' veloped by Mr. ~ White, but that other checks seemed'to have gone to the same .people. Speculation on Use "The disbursements could have been for the administration of drugs," Dr. Got- tlieb conceded,. "but I'm not' persuaded that they were." Dr. Gottlieb destroyed the- documents describing these experiments in 1972. He "I was shocked and appalled such ac- tivity did take place," Peter. Bensinger, the drug agency administrator, told the subcommittee later. "I can see no circum- stances in which $uch .activity could be justified:' Dr. Gottlieb, who said ttiata health problem made it difficult for him to testi- the crowded'hearing room, . testified in 'closed session, . and, his voice was broadcast to reporters waiting - outside. Testifying under, a grant of immunity front prosecution, Dr. Gottlieb said that from 20-to 50 persons had been made the unwitting' subjects of C.I.A'in. drug ex- periments from 1952 to 1965 houses ? and. apartments ,leased by the agency in San.Franeisco and New York.City. Questioning the numbers, Senator Ed- ward M. Kennedy, Democrat of Massa= ehusetts, the subcommittee chairman, ob- served that more. than 200 payments had been made in San ,Francisco alone: by Morgan Hall, or Mr. White. He-said that 32 , of these checks bore the. notation ity of their successfuh,and effective usea either against its or by us, was very low.", He said the drug experiments .contin-j ued, however, even after it was clear that. they were not very valuable,.and he.saidj he would "freely adniit to bureaucratic; inertia" in failing. to discontinue them: Dr. Gottlieb said the leadership of thel intelligence agency reviewed the drug) testing programs-"at -least once:a year,"' and added: "I specifically remember brief- ing the directors of the-Central Intelli; gence Agency." These; he- said," " were( Allen W. Dulles, John' A McCone and, Mr. Helms. - _ .r Adm. Stansfield Turner,'. the current] Director of Central. Intelligence, assured I members of. the Senate subcommitteel today that no unwitting drug.testing has] been sponsored by the agency since 1964.1 "This is history," he said. "I don't know how many times we've/ been told - these progroms have ?beenu turned off only to have them spring up' again; enator Kennedy'told him The Senator-and-other subcommittee members questioned Admiral .:Turner/ about his Aug. 3 testimony- in which he said the agency did not test drugs on ;` human subjects in: Project Often;- which was coordinated with the Department.of the. Army before it was 1973. Committee members referred to a Sept 20 memorandum for the Secretary of De- 'fense which: described. C.I.A.. sponsorship of tests of an incapitating drug that the agency thought. coal be applied: through the. skin. with adhesive. tape: ASlthough. most of the tests were performed on, aril-= coals, the memorandum noted;. ?t-0: mill= tary vohmteers:wera tested in?.7une 1973: at Edgewood Arsenal research laborato ties. Adm. Turner told the subcommittee he, believed that test had been sponsored by- the Departmental theArmy: Deanne C.. iemer, general counsel- far, the Depart? meat of Defense, told' members; of -the ;subcommittee she believed the test had been sponsored by the-intelligence a9en- o w re.n i l cerned, such. R~Navk4 rah uReLciesw 2005/11/28 : CIA-RDP91-00901 R000600090010-5 was .a reasonable one to take.":..., ;- - Dr. Gott:V4b? testified that-the. agency had -been /concerned about "well-docu Risk Called Reasonable Dr: Gottlieb told the subcommittee that there was "no advance knowledge. or protection'.' of the people-who were un- knowingly given drugs, which he identi- fied as LSD and Meretran.._. "Harsh as it may seem in retrospect" he said, `?.it was felt that in an issue survival 'aht be -con- i Approved For Release 2005/11/28 : CI, _rff9P91-00901 WASHING T Oil ' a 44 -U 28 JULY 1977 Q YOUR FRIENDLY NEIGHBORHOOD SPOOK: Remember when the CIA operated in a trenchcoated cloud of anonymity? 'Well, the organization is now so-far out of the secrecy closet that Charles "Chuck" Carlson, the CIA chief here, is not only a member of the Downtown Kiwanis Club, -tie's its President- elect I Related Caenecdote: Shortly after John McCone . had. been named head of the CIA by John F. Kennedy, he came into Alexis' restaurant. on- Nob Hill and was. told'. there'd be a 30-minute wait:., When, a local friend com plained." to` 'the,: bartender, 'That's a disgrace --, why... Mr.,; McCone = is the now head of the CIA!," the bar man shrugged; -."Mr Alexis ` is not too fond of labor ions" Approved Eor Release 2005/11/28 : CIA-RDP91-00901 R000600090010-5 STAT Approved For Releases,2O0St;''1-/28T: t'FA-RDP91-00 er GC~t"ernment st`:':ng and harassinrnt Cy o icalS named def rdantS In '.. suit are the basis for more than Si hilhr,n brought by Grove Press Inc. '[h:?-case in damage claims from individuals who l involves the agency's Operation C..AOS rserting that' to tither information on political ci.ssert- ?tIw'e filed 13 Gila suits their rights s; ere violated, t e General' ers. Office reports. ` The former intehi;ante directors, for- tin g Aceczun The orrice, an i I ?, f ;: , .; President Kennedy .r.ecruited ` ' ' :)avid Rockefeller, .chairman' of charges are "of an apparent d I l " ing to A nature, accor Chase Ifwihattan Bank'; I ct urina fred L. Hantman, chief of general the -Business Group .for Lati 1 crimes in the Justice Depart phone , and Telegraph, . C eneral Tire, Cerro Copper and Anglo- Laut.aro Nitrate Mines to prevent expropriation by the Chilean gov- ernment out of S-9 million by eel Ieeting insurance after paying bribes to Allende officials, in di- rest violation of the Overseas Pri- vate Investment Organization insurance .policy ITT collected from the U:S. government." Even today the military junta running Chile has upper-echelon `civilians accenting )tribes from ands .were funneled into Jesuit-` j basis. lad Catholic 'groups ,in order: 'to t The Senate Select Committee fight "layicism. (sic);. Protestan= on Intelligence "covered up these than and Communism;' and to as- crimes and lied to the American sist in, the election of -President people in order to protect the Kennedy-supported, candidates in l: memories of Presidents Kennedy. Chile." and Johnson." :_FJ Uniferorder's from.President i1 , The Sunday News Journal at- -John F.= Kennedy,' "tens of mil- tempted to reach all institutions, lions- of. dollars of 1960,Chilean corporations and individuals in-r earthquake relief.funda were di-l-volved in Korry's allegations.'-In verted into the Jesuit-led Catholic'i some cases comment was refused, groups for domestic. political ac-;outright denials'of the allegations tivity in Chile."'. 1;,?; .. ' were issued or Korry's charges 1 Z2ie ,CIA .had high: Chilean vvere in part or wholly confirmed. ministers on its payroll during the >a ., . the Christian Democratic presi--I "It was only after the commit- and only.on his knowledge about offered Frei technical assistance and CIA -funds in :building his po-' litical party. along Kennedy-like grassroots lines and- to restructure ' . that American intervention in Chi 1976, Korrv testified for 6Yi hours the Chilean executive govern- lean affairs did not start with the ' before staff members, but Korry ntent, . , ... Apord A 2005/11/28 '-C#Pr [ 9T1CT09CAI'0RF) I' t 1,?l- t7 of the ;n?'rt sF i III t Ill it to bE ~'~~ E ul tF i. ht' -. NT.: E'rt c.S 'tit: IFt c` drug shol'.td ii :eirett r, 7i - r tl:e report sold_ but tbs. C;ri .t Taint- do not t cihec lrr:ha-'e .a reveal a aaityy tde at. tort iho nil-- 'It.1.. c-'''ii ant'etr -`R1l l'i(.I, its ' et' Ytrt , - t?I - l r. teed' iTIIF, u.i,.11 tvitllrettt !tic ':rtr,s.?'.-