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December 12, 1975
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Approved For Release 2005/11/28.: CIA-RDP91-00901R000600090012-3 WASHINGTON POST - Tr.h e Thishiington Merry-GoZ:0-112-1t1 ci . -Kewri tro ei Trin Erra : , By Jack Anderson and Lea %Vizi/ten ' Spiro Agnew resurfaced the other day to yarn against revoking the Central Intelligence Agency's writ to assassinate foreign VI...9s. He doesn't want high level' riurder to get out of hand, mind you, hut regards it as "an extreme option that we chould keep." At the same time, members of Congress, eadministration spokesmen and even some etitorialis Is have denounced tOngressional committees for publicizing the CIA's homicidal intrigues. There are 'leigns that the committees are backing of( rid pulling their punches. Some of the critics oppose washing our blood-stained linen in public because it iiinders intelligence gathering, corn- our relations with touchy nations xvhose leaders may have been on our hit list and alienates people around the world NvhD might look askance upon government gangsterism. e Others contend 1hat the CIA must _i-ip?rate at the same subterranean level as Die 'KGB: that we must confront. the Communists in the nethe.r.vorld as well as the visible V.,orN: that we must give our bfficials secret authority to play the dirty jar: me. trusting them loth) the right thing. t- The trouble with such sentiments Is that they are urnArnericnn. Literally. They mpty cznnot be squared with four fun- flamental assumptions upon which the 4.mericart system was constructed: "r"-- a k;\ E TeTh?fIA. -?" :Ca- - (1) Officialdom, left to itself; will tend to do wrong not right: (2) powers not rigidly, limited and regularly inspected will be used against our people as well as others; (3) secret, unaccountable powers must be forbidden to government, particularly the power to commit crimes; and (4) should one branch usurpsuch powers, the others are duty hound to expose and restrain it. Is it possible that, only 16- months after the Watergate climax, these homely truisms must be relearned? If so, there is need to review how the CIA, got into the assassination besiness. ? ? Who, for instance, gave the CIA authority to commit murder? In this land, the people are the sovereigns, and the government cannot assume powers that the people do not bestow. Any agency that operates beyond its authority, therefore, is acting illegally_ - The assassination Plots, like Adolf Hitler's death ovens, were carefully hidden from the people. If the. Senate in- telligence committee could not identify who had authorized the killing of un- desirable potentates, the committee at least traced how ? the ugly secret fieally leaked out. We played the: he role, in this unraveling, which began almost nine years ago. On March 7, 1u57, we reported a 1963 CIA oiot to assassinate Cuba's Fidel Castro. "Cor sources agree," we wrote, -that a plot against Castro defialtely was -taken up inside the CIA L the time Senator Robert li'veeedy, D-N.., was riding be.rd. ? on the agency far hisfirother." . _ STAT 12 DEC ips, t ie. 11 .fP t&iLL This was the first that President Johnson had heard about it. Ourstory, according to the committee, "'prompted Johnson to direct (CIA chief Richard) Helms to conduct an investigation." As we poked deeper into the dark recesses of the CIA, meanwhile, we COtl- tacted John ;McCune, who had headed the, CIA Curing the assassination attempts. In, great alarm, he called Robert Kennedy, who asked him to set down his recollec- tions in memo form. McCone*tated the memo on April 14, 11.)67. Relates the committee: - "The memorandum- was prompted by a telephone call from the newspaper columnist Jack Anderson, who at that time was preparing a column on Castro.: assassination attempts. After talking with Anderson on the telephone, at Robert Kennedy's request, McCone dictated the April 14, 1967 memorandum, which stated _ "I recall a suggestion being made to -liquidate top people in the Ca.stro regime,: including Castro." ? Helms, meanwhile, assifened the CIA - inspector general to conduct the in-7 vestit.-,ration. Johnson had requested.. The subsequent report, dated seiay 73, 1957, confirmed a series of CIA assassination involvements. Rut Helms decceived johnsoo. the committee says, by giving him an . abridged oral report on the earher at- ? tempts to kilt Castro, without mentioning that these efforts had continued into thee - Johnson presidency. STAT C Ur".itz?d Frail:re Syndicate, On._ Approved For Release 2005/11/28 : CIA-RDP91-00901R000600090012-3 Approved For Release 20105tt, 1121P:HCIA-RDP91-00901R0006 i77-11 iVP ale A-4 . BY, JOHN HALL News American Bureau WASHINGTON ? At least twO participants in a high- level Aug. -10, 1962, meeting ' on Cuba have testified that then Defense Secretary Rob- ert S. McNamara said Fidel ; Castro should be assassinat- ed. ? A third gave a sitnilar ac- count but later recanted. A - fourth said he couldn't recall but, after checking his rec- ords, said McNamara made the suggestion. ? Three other's said they couldn't recall the subjeetcf killing the ? Cuban le.ader being raised at all. McNamara, now preaident of the World Bank, aaisihe had no.recollection of sayteg such .a thing and "It is en- tirely out of charectar what I believe I thonatt at ? the time . An aide to fermer rector John iM'cCce.e sz:f. he listened in on a rhre c:r.- versation the ex dayin which McCone scolded Mc- , Namara 'for having made- the suggestion. Another CIA official sub- mitted a memoranelem he said he dictated four days after the meeting whielasatd McNamara brought up the assassination suggestian. Despite the conflicting tes- timony,. 'dimmed ma-Monies and incomplete records, the material assembled by the Senate Intelligence Commit- tee on the Aug. 10 meeting of 16 members of the interde- partmental mongoose special, ?group represents the firmest evidence to date that the as- sassination of Castro was a subject not confined entirely within the walls of .the Con- tral Intelligente Agency (CIA) CIA officials Involved in the assassination plot have testified they were operating ? under tremendous presture from the ..White House Arid' from Atty. Gen. Robert F. Kennedy to rid the Western' Hamisph.ere of the CaStro regime. There was direct al,Ithority from president 00090012-3 STA tr`fl,t 6-44 W) 671 :ctl. a_ ? ? " ball a '4, 1962 .meeting "is one of the few times where the commit- tee has established upon con- vincing evidence, that assassination was raised and overtly ,discussecl as a poSsi- ble course of action." ? Baker said he found it '"disturbing" that the ex- haustive inquiry did not es- tablish writ) suggested assassination. 'No. one was: candid enough to say, 'Yes, I raised ' . it, but not in a serious vein or , in a moment of frustration.- _rather we are left either to nquestion the credibility of the witness or conclude that asa sassination was so common- -place or insignficant that it did not make'an impression on anyone. In any case, it is not a pleasant picture." William Harvey and Gen. ?Edward Lansdale, who were running the CIA's anti-Castro . effort, testified that McNa- mara raised the assassina.- tion possibility. Lansdale said he could not recall exactly but McNa- ? mara "was usually very ? brief and terse in .his re- marks and it might have been something like, well, look into that . . - Harvey said he was "not ; guessing ; to the best of my recollection, it was sur- faced by Robert McNa- ' rnara.'!.1Ia6,ey's Aug. 14 ; memorandum on the meeting also referred to McNamara John F. Kennedy to encntit-' age sabotage and to prOduce a violent, military Overthrow of Castro, . There Was no specific in- junction from the White House and overseers of the CiA prohibiting CIA involve- ment in assassinations. And the committee said there is a strong' likelihood that the lack .of clear command au- thority for an assassination was part of the "plausible 'denial" doctrine, in which the 'president and his-itop .staff could tell the. world -without fear'of contradiction that they were not involved :should the plot be exposed.. But Sen. Howard Baker, R-Tenn., Aid the Aug: 10, bringing up the assassination . - suggestion.. . Secretary of. State Dean' Rusk and presidential. advis- ers McGeorge Bundy and Roswell Gilpatric said they! could not recall having heard . a4one discuss assassination at the meeting. But Richard Goodwin, an- other presidential adviser, : told the committee staff that 'etched on his memory" was - the following:- "McNamara :gbt up to leave dating a cussion of -how to get rid of Castro and only way , _to get rid of. Castro was to . kill him." Goodwin said McNamara added, ."1 really. Mean it." Later, however, Goodwin testified before theatinnii-tZ.: tee he .was, ,"tinablksJii?ie}7, with certainty". Who' jiroiTAhrn up the subject :e. Thomas Paritf, who re.c orded minutes_ fdh the meri.- ! ing, said ,he did not recall ; McNamaea raising. aSsasaai- nation, and the 'minutes: do not reflect that. it :AKils: dis- cussed at all. STAT Approved For Release 2005/11/28 : CIA-RDP91-00901R000600090012-3 THE CHRISTIAN SCIENCE MONITOR Approved For Release 20k1:15Ptt/218-CPArkDP91-00901R300600090012-3 Former CIA head wants intelligence committee Hot Springs, Virginia _ Former director of the Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) John A. McCone-,,is advocating the -, - establishment of a single joint ,committee on intelligence within Congress to oversee the activi- ties of the CIA. . Mr. McCone told a meeting of the Business Council, an orga- -nization of the top executives of 100 of the largest United States corporations, that the recent - revelations about the agency_ _ have so greatly damaged thig-'. image-of the CIA that some changes must be made to end criticism and restore confidence while at the same time enabling the CIA to continue to collect foreign intelligence. Approved For Release 2005/11/28: CIA-RDP91-00901R000600090012-3 Approved For Release A9tWikitgBiZgiiik-RDIR91-00901 11 October 1975 000600090012-3 .McCone Uro-es lIghter dri on ,L,1 ., HOT SPRINGS, Va sight, and intelligence se- But he said these abuses groups" during the years ,of 1, (UPI) ? FormerT CIA crets the CIA develops, had been minor ones and protests against _U.S. , in- director John A. McCone should be restricted to a the 'adverse publicity they . volvement in , Vietnam, he said yesterday the intelli-- light circle composed of the generated had obscured the said. gence agency needs ,closer . President, his chief national responsible and Valuable ,. White House and congrbs,.. security adviser ? current services performed by the McCone said he ' haid ex- e - 1, s '.' r s r sinnal super pressed his im on CIA vision even ly Secretary of State Henry agency. , oversight to cdrninistration Kissinger ? and a few ? though reports of its illiS- ' ' officials and had met pri- , members of Congress. i . AMONG ITS violations, deeds have been exagger- 'vately on Thursday with', ated. "The proximity of . the ? McCone said, the CIA had '. , Sen. Frank Church 11- - CIA and its director to the, carried out surveillance of ? ,? ' But he said CIA opera-, % Idaho, chairman of the Sen- -; tions must still be wrapped .. ate ' corrimittee investigat- '1 President and the National -Americans and the illegal, for Security Council should be _ opening of mail long ? after ? in a "cloak of secrecy' ing CIA activIties. ? . made more conspiccius,"; ? those activities had. ceased , ? , the protection of agents and A ' because the intelligence McCone said : - . ' 1 .-T , to serve a legitimate intelli; sked whether the .. mission is vital to national He conceded the CIA had .-., gence purpose. . ,, , administration had made -defense abused the law and its own , . -.. plans for closer CIA super- !- ' McCone, CIA director . charter in a variety of Ways', 4 "It was a natural :out; . vision; ' McCone said offi-,..' , ? , . e: from 1961 to 1965 in the made public recently by ,a, - growth of 1 a progrm to. ' cials told him they were .., -Kennedy and 3 ohnson ? presidential commission'',- determine if there were for . waiting to, see ?what de-, , ' Administrations, spoke to ' and congressional `commit:-:, eign influences or financing' veloped from the Church , reporters at a meeting of tees ''''''' of some of these dissident committee's investigations. ,1 . ....e'' ? . . -:The Business Council, an ? ...... -association of top industrial 1 : executives which he ad- - dressed in closed session. . ,- He recommended that _.;.the President's 'National T Security_ Council be put in i direct charge of the CIA ,i, ?and that Congress alsci-1". treate a joint committee to:' assist in overseeing the . - agency. BUT HE SAID the over- ?_ Approved For Release 2005/11/28. : CIA-RDP91-00901R000600090012-3 THE WI, Slii!:IC.7-TON POST Approved For Release 2005f11/A6IA4p1D91-00901R0006 By- jack Anderson 1 and 1,.; Whilten It has becorne =part of our, po-. litical folimayi fcire:?Candidat to spout hokuni: For some, lying becomes a habit, they, cannot break after they are elected to oftice L This may explain why so many politicians are willing to place the full weight, of the U.S. gov- ernment behind .flagrantc ase- hoods. At all _levels of -gOvern- inent, officials play loose with the truth td cover up mistakes; hide corruption. and make bad policies lookgood: -? - But let., an ,investigative-re- porter make .'a mistake-or wrongly condemn someone in .,authority, and there are hoWls :Of outrage, E'erhaps we may be --excused, therfote, if we occa- sionally remind, our readers 'Who has been telling them the truth. On 'March 1972, for exam- ine,- we repPrted ? that Interna- tional Telephone and Tele- graph had feared its assets in Chile might be"nationalized if Salvador .Allende, a Marxist, were installed as president. , a To protect: its investments, ITT had tried to; inveigle the .U.S. government to help subvert Chile's constitutional proc- esses. ITT and the CIA had actu- ally plotted together to' "create economic chaos in Chile," we reported, "hopieg, Ibis would Cause the Chileart arialy to pull a coup that would block Allende from corning to power:-.'. White House aides and CIA of- ficials alike- 'categorically dea nied that the: plot against.,AI- lend& Was ,anything more than pn FIT - pipe _dream. But now, sworn testimony. has e..ta Tished that the CIA schemed against Allende not only before but after he became President. :We began another series of columns on May .1; 1972, charg- ing that the e'r3I, CIA and Secret Service kept dossiers on the pri- vate-lives of- prominent Amen- :Patrick Gray, the acting FBI chief; called a press conference to deny it--'There are no dossi- ers or secret files," he declared. We resuonded on May 11 that we would be "happy to tell poor Pat, since he's new around the FBI, where some of :the: secret files are stashed." - - , Thereafter, we published the 'file numbers and quoted ex- cerpts from secret dossiers on political figures, movie stars, football; heroes aneriewsmen. The existence of these FBI-CIA dossiers, of course, is ne longer disputedeel ' r: Each neW development in the unfolding story of the CIA asses- . sinatIon attempts also confirms the details that we first, pub- lished in a series of columns be- ginning'January 17; 1971. The plotters whom we named have now confessed their partieipa-- ton. Yet our columns about the as- sassination plots were summar- ily -denied ,and dismisSed 41/2 years ago. "No plot was authpr- ized or implemented to assassi- nate (Cuban Premier Fidel) Cas- tro, (Dominican dictator Rafael) Trujillo or anyone else,". lied former CIA chief John McCone On Nov. 8, 1974, we reported that "military intervention" against Middle East oil sheikh- doms-had been discussed at the highest Washington levels "as a in last resort" to save the West from "economic ruin." The State Department professed to be aghast at such an idea. But the following .Jan. 2, no less than Secretary of State Henry A. Kissinger acknowl- edged that force might be used ?only in the "greatest emer- gency," of course?to prevent the "strangulation of the indus- trial world." ? . Again, we warned on May. 27, 1974 that:the Greek military junta was in imminent danger of collapse, the, State Depart- ment pooh-poohed:caw report. The junta fell two months later_ The.prevaricators have had to swallow dozens of denials since we took over the column in Auguste. 1969. The Chappaquiddick affair was then in the headlines. We reportedon Aug. 8 that Sen. Edward M. Ken- nedy (D-Mass.) had arranged for his cousin, Joe Gargano to take the blame for driving his car off the bridge: Our story was not only denied but derided. Yet five years later, the Boston Globe assigned a squad of reporters to reinves- tigate the incident. They Spent several weeks 'examining every available detail. Their most fas- cinating finding: "In particular, Kennedy's cousin, -Joseph Gar- gan, agreed at one point to take responsibility for the accident." ,Tie latest attack upon our ac- 0090012-3 curacy has come fritra: S:e4e. Hiram Fong (ft-Hawaii),-7,w110:4 called "totally false" carr fee;brct,!I that he was fronting foretherplit?a) eat lobby. Yet on June hisliatt: eat aide, Robert Seto, confided in a memo that Fong's -patent bill had been written by_the pat:, ent lobby. - ?- 7 "The actual wordings'-esseee tinily are from papers:sirbeeit-:;1, ted to me by such organizatieea as the American Patent Law Aa sociation, the American Bat A;5- :t sociation : . ahd by members a various (Indus-nay-dor 'dine te:ct patent committees, PP(' (Pittsburgh Plate Glass) Indust tries and others who stlb-ritliedi papers and/or letters, rote Seto. _ ? - In- other words, the, Tong amendments were avrf,tten "1:1Y: 1 patent lawyers and the Ilicfus-F.i Tries they serve. Amongathe cora 1 porations that contributell theit views were Phillips PeIro.lenrn; Westinghouse, Dow' Chen-deal 1. and Allis-Chalmers, to.-name few. All ,NOUld pror,it- ,frorri Fong's bill. .. ? -,. Fong's six-page attack on tis on the Senate floor Is fEd- sehoods and distortions. The politicians on -CaPitol a Hill have. prcmoted 'fruth 'I iri I lending and truth in advertis, lag. The greater need Is -foil truth in politi- cs, - ST T 1875, by United Feature Synte4i ;14 Approved For Release 2005/11/28: CIA-RDP91-00.901R000600090012-3 facVAnderson, id Approved For ReleaniNTAR :p9*RDP91-00901R00060 27 JULY 1975 th.e. Castro Plot Backfire? _ , ? z ..?...? . Tlielit&- Rohert- Kennedy was tor-. activities against Castro. One insider, knew him and understood iy -, former Deputy Defense Secfetary Ms- stances well enough to realtze he nented b the terrible thought, ac- i well Gilpatric, told us .the focus "on. blamed himself for his brother's death. eording-Ao-lkirdates, that he may have the Cuban situation" was intensified in There was little doubt, they say, that tielped, trigger the .assassination of his Mil at Robert Kennedy's "insistence.", he believed the CIA's attempts against 'Erother., -.. ? The President eventually put Robert Castro put into motion the forces that We raise-d-thls. possibility in-January in charge of a counter-insurgency corn- brought about his brother's martyr- 1971,. when.lwe first revealed- that the mince, called the , Special Group, dom. CIA had. plotted to assassinate Cuban which concentrated upon harassing On January 18, 1971, we . reported: PreinierTidel Castro. It has taken u ? Castro. One member, former CIA chief "Among those pkivy. to the CIA con- s John hIcCone, acknowledged that the spiracy, there is still a nagging suspi- ilk years to get the rest of the story. group h ad "directed mischievous don?unsupported by the Warren Corn- Loyal _ associates of Robert Kennedy,. things against. Castro like infiltrating mission's findings?that Castro became rushing to defend his memory, have, saboteurs, blowing up bridges and car- ;aware of the U.S. plot upon his life 'worn that' he knew nothing about the rying on general confusion." iand somehow recruited Oswald to re- Assassination attempts and, contradic-: McCune insisted, however, that "the taliate against President Kennedy." only, that he put a stop to them. Roth group at no time gave any considera- It has now been disclosed that the tecounts are incorrect, according to tion to any assassination plot." We .warren Commission was told nothing .ources?with an intimate knowledge of have established that the "executive about the. CIA's plot to kill Castro ;he events,. ... . - - action plan" was directed by William even though the late Allen Dulles, the C CIA chief who initiated the plot. sat On; IA's attempts to kill Castro, but after linked to the assassination plot in our the commission. Not onlY-Was he fully aware of the Harvey, the CIA operative, whom we President Kennedy was gunned down original 1971 story. We have also . According to the final report, the in.?Xiallast, Robert was devastated by learned that he reported to the late . commission investigated "literally doz- he ,possibility that the CIA plot may Desmond Fitzgerald in CIA headquar- ? ens of allegations of a conspiratorial lave . backfired against his brother. ters. We have been unable, however, to .. . contact' between Oswald and the Cuban The Preparations to knock off Castro ,,,,,,a-- to any of them. ?d Identity the next. link in the chain of government" but found no substance iegan:iltiing the last months of the ,,, -:isonhoW'er administration as part of Nevertheless, wholly reliable sources ,., . ' , 'r----e gaY,of Pigs planning. President . insist that Robert Kennedy knew terview with Frank hi ankiewiez and 't 'lie Cuban m'emier himself, in an i a- W1-; ennvdy, '!?wh he o inherited t fiasco,. about the plot against Castro and did ? more Id ' friends afterward that he ' nothing to stop it. The intended tar- ,Kirby Jones, emphatically denied hav- Nould,like "to splinter the CIA in a get, Fidel Castro, also knew about it. ,ing anything to. do with the Kennedy ,housand pieces and scatter it to the assassination. f.Me assassination squad reportedly I ?it is .. . ' was apprehended on a Havana roof top man Oswald, who was involved in the very interesting that this N'itiiin range of Castro's movements, I Instead, ' he - appointeV his . brother, !fibont March 1, 1963.' assassination, traveled to hlexico a few he ? ' - months prior to the assassination and i - T Cuban premier, in afi interview' tobert, to oversee the CIA,, with in. ' ' tructions to shake if up,. Characteristi- with Associated Press corre lbassv to travel to Cuba, and he was spondent? ' applied for a permit at the Cuban em- ally, Robert began investigating the Daniet Harker the following Septem- ; indercover operations from top to bot- ber, warned tbat U.S. leaders would ? . not given the permit," said Castro. .orn. His purpose was to prevent an- -find themselves in danger it' they at-- , But I ask myself why would a man who commits such an act try to come Aber Bay of Pigs. . tempted to do away with Cuban lead- Ile- 'became. fascinated, - say our ers. I here. Sometimes we ask ourselves if ;ources;? with the CIA's covert activi- "United-States leaders should think -someone did not wish to involve Cuba ' ies.-.Eagerly,- he pursued the details that it they are aidiri s51011 that Kennedy's assassination was a terrorist plans in this, because I am under the impres- town- through the, lower levels. As one to eliminate Cuban leaders, they them- ? .ource put it, "He was like a wide-eyed selves will not be safe," Castro told organized by reactionaries in the athOolboy." Harker. ' stilt of a conspiracy . . . NVe have never ? United States, and that it was all a re- in the -process, he learned about the Two months later, President Ken-, believed in carrying? , out this type tontioning. effort to eliminate Ca 'Ira, nedy was shot down in the streets of to operation known inside lire CIA as Dallas. The accused assassin, Lee Hay- of activity of assassination of adversaries." . -- the 'execittive action plan." In tact, vey Oswald, had been active in the' itobert took a. special interest in the pro-Castro movement and bad traveled (tt; ili13. Una :d Feature. Inc. to Mexico to visit the Cuban embassy a few weeks earlier'. The first person 'to reach Robert- Kennedy's side after the shooting was" CIA director John hIcCone, who re- mained alone with Robert at his Mc- . Lean, Va., home ? for. nearly three. hours. All others, including Robeft's . priest, were turned away. But McColl? swore to us that. Castro's ,name was never mentioned during the agonizing three hours. 1/4....,) Other sources saY- that Robert, Approved EepRistease12605144/1180 ;(39tilf1DP91-00901R000600090012 3 - clhsion- for the next few nays, Al- -- though he bottled up his feelings, they . 090012-3 Approved For Release 2005/21J/21&I: C1AMP91-00901R 26 JULY 1975 Staaci, STAT 00600090012-3 By M. STANTON EVANS Liberal spokesmen voicing outrage i I dent Rafael Trujillo of the Dominican ; ing outside of regular channels-ibis about U.S. involvement in political ; Republic. Trujillo was gunned down on doesn't tell us whether elements of assassinations have discovered that the ' a lonely highway May 30, 1961, six j the CIA were irnolved or not. The . - t Kennedy group reportedly didn't " . issue is a twp-edged sword with cutting wee Ks ar a power against their own political in- Cuba's Bay of Pigs. According to a re- terests. e. ? cent write-up in the New Republic, this, - - ? too' was a CIA job' with apparent guid- - As evidence on the 'subject is pie .need a_ ce from the highest levels. -together, it appears that official encour- agement of this unsavory practice In its June 28 issue, the New Republic faction, roost notably Hilsmari, envi- ? reached its high point, not unclerl reprints a 1963 dispatch detailing moves sioned the possible liquidation of Diem Richard Nixon or even Lyndon John-1 by which the CIA allegedlY funneled with great equanimity. As noted by Son, but under liberal favorite John F. i arms to Trujillo's assassins. In an nor. former Johnson aide John Roche, I his- ; Kennedy. Indeed, the data made public, i cornpanying up-date the magazine adds man sent a memo to Secretary of State ' so far on high-level plotting against the; that the original draft of the.1963 Piege Dean Rusk on Aug. 30, 1963, setting rulers of other nations all concern the; said ."President Kennedy knew of and forth a number of possible actions by ; . Kennedy years. Three episodes have' approved plans to bump off Tfujillo," Diem and recommended American I , recently been aired: - . I but that this reference had been.deleted. respohses. Among Other :things . thisl /.. Maj. Gen. 'Edward Lansdale, a for-; I The New Republic further relates that memo said:. . , Time and the New York Post knew the ni8r high-ranking official in the Penti-I story of the CIA's involvement but did gon; has stated that in the summer of i 1962 Atty. Gen. Robert Kennedy or-- not print it.; dered him to start a CIA project work- i The magazine says the manuscript ing out all feasible plans for "getting! alleging CIA and Kennedy involvement rid of" Cuban premier Fidel Castro.; in the Trujillo killing had first been sub- Lansdale told the Washington Star that I Mined to liberal columnist William Kennedy gave him this order outside i Shannon of the Post (now with the _ the regular CIA chain of command, and j New York Times). The Post wasn't that he relayed it to CIA official Wil- i buying, so Shannon passed the article ham K. Harvey. . I along to the New Republic, suggesting : 1 according to the author that the K rl- The Star also reports that a former 1 nedy reference be excluded. The New CIA official confirms Lansdale's state- Republic concludes that "relations be- tween asserting that Kennedy went to i. the press and President Kennedy,. Lansdale because the President and his i brother mistrusted the leadership of the I everyone now recognizes in retrospect,were too chummy." CIA. Lansdale said that Robert Ken- . nedy did not use the word "assassina-I 3. Finally, there is little question that want Diem killed, but the overthrow they encouraged led directly to that result.. Moreover, certain of the pro-coup tion," but that there 'was little doubt the Kennedy regime was responsible for foreign rulers targeted for extinction in I "the project for disposing of Castro en- the overthrow and subsequent death of these reports were themselves anti- ! -visioned the whole spectrum of? plans President Ngo Dinh Diem of South ? Communists, and they happen to be the from overthrowing the Cuban leader to Vietnam in November 1963. The es- two that wound up dead. - I Sential facts on this one were reported at the time by the late Marguerite Hig- 1 gins,.but were largely ignored until the revelation of the Pentagon Papers and ' the recent -uproar about the CIA. In a nutshell, Kennedy * and various of his advisers- had become convinced Diem should go, and gave the green light to military plotters to stage a coup. Pxincipal actors in this scenario were President Kennedy himself, Ambassador Henry Cabot Lodge, and Assistant Secretary of State Roger Ililsman. To their credit, both Secretary of Defense Robert ! McNamara and CIA Director John I McCone opposed the coup?though I. sriase410061111/12111nPeilAPRD094-60'901R000600090012-3 - "We should encourage the coup! group to fight the battle to the end and to destroy the palace if necessary to gain victory;.. unconditional surrender should be the terms for the Ngo family,: since it will otherwise seek to outtna-: neuver both the coup forces and the U.S. If the family is taken alive, the Nhus should be banished to France... , Diem should. be heated as `the generals wish." a ? ? ? z' -? - - The pattern emerging from- these stories is not only shocking, it also casts considerable doubt on. the theory ; that such activities should be condoned ! on the grounds of "national security" or anti-communism. Two of the three -assassinating him." Lansdale explained that the Ken,' nedy contact came during the Cuban missile buildup When there was growing concern about the presence of Soviet military advisers- and a possible ICBM force on the island. He added that he instructed Harvey to prepare "contingency" plans for "disposing of" Castro because he wanted to know if the United States had the capability for such an opera- tion. ? - 2." It is reported that the Kennedy regime, working both sides of the Carib- bean, was also inyolved in as ? nation of CastroTIBRfavhle, THE '..TISHIkIGTON STIR Approved For Release 2005/11/282VAMDFWV-4901 kg) By Norman Kempster Washington Star Starr Writer Following a White House- meeting with President John F. Kennedy in 1963, a Belgian Jesuit priest was .given $5 million in under-the-table CIA money to support anti-Commu- nist labor unions throughout Latin America and back the presidential campaign of Edwardo Frei in Chile. The incident was related by an American Jesuit friend of Belgian Rev. Roger Vekemans as an example of the CIA's relations with mission- aries and other overseas representa- tives of religious groups. ? ? The Rev. James Vizzard said he was having lunch with Vekemans at ? a restaurant near Dupont Circle when a White House automobile pick- ed up the Belgian for a meeting with Kennedy, Atty. Gen. Robert F. Kennedy, CIA Director John McCone ? and Peace Corps Director R. Sargent Shriver. ? AFTER VEKEMANS' session at? the White House, Vizzard related, "Roger came back with a big grin on _ _ his face and he said, 'I got $10 million ?$5 million overt from AID (Agency, for International Development) and: , $5 million covert from the CIA." ' Vizzard said he has no reason to ? believe that the CIA ever asked Vekemans to do anything that he would not have done anyway in at- tempting to carry out orders from his superiors in Rome to Support social development in Latin America. It was just a case of the CIA helping to ? finance a program that fit in with the agency's objectives. , . Almost from its inception in 1947, the CIA has used religious groups both as a source of information and as a conduit for funds. CIA spokes- men declined to discuss the CIA- church connection in any detail but other sources said the relationship was prevalent in the 1950s and 1960s at least. Some sources said it may be used less frequently today. ? SOURCES SAID the CIA dealt with religious groups in Latin America, Africa, Asia and elsewhere. A spokesman for the Senate select intelligence committee said the Approved For Release panel's staff is investigating cot plaints that the CIA has had impro er dealings with missionaries. The spokesman said some of I accusations resulted from CIA acth ties in Bolivia. He said the charg included "tapped phones, dossie and improper use of priests." ? "The committee is interested whatever it can get on this matte the spokesman said. . Dr. Eugene Stockwell, assista.. general secretary of the Nationa ! Council of Churches for overseas missions, said he has personal knowl- edge of two cases in which mission- aries provided intelligence informa- tion to the CIA. But he said they occurred 14 years ago. ? - 000600090012-3 HOWEVER, Stockwell said his organization is warning missionaries that the CIA may try to contact them. He said it is important that overseas - churchmen not be gullible enough to inadvertently provide information to- intelligence agencies. _ - ) ? "I personally would hope that missionaries would not provide information of this ' kind," he said in a tele-- phone interview. David A. Phillips, once the chief of the CIA's Latin Americans operations, re- marked, "CIA people go to :church, too." . ; "Over the past 25 years in Latin America, CIA peo- ple have been in contact to mutual advantage with some of the many fine churchmen who work in the area," said Phillips, who has been attempting to re- spond to criticism of the agency since he retired from active service earlier this year. "THIS DOES NOT sur- prise or shock me," he added. "On the contrary. any information gathering 'organization would be-dere- lict if it did not take advan- tage of the in depth exper- tise of American clerics working in the area." But Phillips insisted that overseas contacts with nits- ; 2oo5ttinoryciAgmn -*on ROO declined mrecent years. - scruples a.out using reli- gious figures. ._? ACCORDING to the Rockefeller Commission re- port, the CIA routinely con- 'tacts American citizens re- - turning from abroad to - determine if they can pro- vide useful information. The commission said the agency attempts to contact all Americans except for students and Peace Corps volunteers._ . - A CIA offic-ial confirmed that there is no prohibition on contacting missionaries, either those who are taking brief home leave or those who are returning to the United States to stay. He re- fused to discuss specifics but he left little doubt that missionaries are routinely asked for information. The official emphasized that in contacting returning Americans, CIA representa- tives always identify them- i selves fully and stress that the interview is voluntary.. NEVERTHELESS, some - returning missionaries have expressed shock at haying been questioned by the CIA. The CIA official said he knows of :no instance in which churchmen were asked for information while they were working in for- eign countries. But former State Depart- ! ment intelligence officer- John Marks said such con- tacts have been made. Marks, a CIA critic who is director of the CIA project at the Center for National Security Studies,. 0600090012-3 _ . contrnued THE WASHEIGTON STPR Approved For Release 2005/1N2?-1AIRW91-00901R 00600090012-3 CIA-Mafia Effort?-.:,... By Norman Kempster. , Washington Star Staff Writer A former high-ranking CIA official says there were at least two separate CIA-Mafia plots to kill Cuban Premi- er Fidel Castro, one of them begin- ning in 1960 and ending in 1961 and the second beginning in 1962 and con- tinuing at least until 1963. Lawrence R. Houston, who was CIA general counsel for 26 years prior to his retirement in 1973, said he informed former Atty. Gen. Rob- ert F. Kennedy of the scheme in the spring of 1962 at a time when he thought it had been "aborted." Houston said Kennedy, who appar- ently was hearing of the plot for the first time, angrily issued orders to "break contact" with the Mafia group that included Sam Giancaria and John Roselli: BUT DESPIte. Kennedy's order, Houston said the plot was resumed later in 1962 with a different CIA "case officer" but the same group of mobsters. ? Houston's account, told to a group of reporters yesterday, filled in a few of the blanks in what is known about the _plan to kill Castro. But it left An???????.ftri???? ? Rep. Don Edwards Quits CIA Probe Unit/ - Rep. Don Edwards has resigned from the newly reconstituted House committee investigating the CIA and other intelligence-gathering federal agencies. Named to replace him on the 13- member panel was Rep. William Lehman, D-Fla. House Speaker Carl Albert appointed Lehman to the va- cancy yesterday. Edwards, D-Calif., cited other re- sponsibilities in connection with his - Chairmanship of a Judiciary sub- committee on civil and constitutional rights for leaving the CIA commit- tee. Edwards was one of the most -liberal members of the intelligence committee, but took no public role in the recent dispute that led last week to a reorganization of the panel.. ? unanswered the most intriguing question ? was the plot authorized by former Presidents Dwight D. Eisen- hower and John F. Kennedy, or did , the CIA act on its own? - This is the chronology that Hous- ton outlined: ? - ? In 1960, the final year of the Eisen- hower administration, Sheffield Edwards, former, head of the CIA's office of security, contacted Gianca- na and Roselli. Edwards was intro- duced to the 'mobsters by Robert Maheu, a former FBI agent and then an aide to billionaire Howard Hughes. ? Edwards worked out a plan to kill. Castro with the mobsters. Of course, this and subsequent plots were unsuccessful ? Sometime in late 1961, the plot was aborted. Houston said he does not know who turned it. off. ? In the spring of 1962 ? Houston said he thought it was in April ? Houston and Edwards described the plan to Robert Kennedy who had been assigned by his brother, the President, to ride herd on the CIA following the Bay of Pigs debacle. ? Kennedy reacted angrily ta the news that the CIA had dealt with the Mafia. Kennedy was pushing strong measures __,,aeainst organized crime Approved For Refeastio2004/111:2 ale CIA-RIDP91409 that any government dealings with STA1 STA1 organized crime might compromis prosecutions. ? Sometime later in 1962 probably August or September, the Mafia lin' was re-established. This time th "case officer" was William Harve3 Houston said Harvey asked Edward for an introduction to Roselli but Ec wards refused because of Kennedy' admonition to avoid dealing with th underworld. Houston said he hag n way of knowing who reinstated th plan. Houston said his only direct co, nection with the plot was to accen pany Edwards, who died recently, while he reported on the matter firs to Asst. Atty. Gen. Herbert J. Mill( and later to Kennedy. Houston said Kennedy was angt about the use of the Mafia, althouf "he didn't seem very perturbed" the prospect of killing Castro. The former CIA official sa Kennedy admonished: "If you a. going to have anything to do with ti Mafia again, come to me first. Houston said he informed Ge Marshall S. Carter, then CIA deputy .director, of the substancie of the re- port to the attorney general. He said he does not recall why that report Went to Carter instead of CIA Direc- tor John A. McCone, but he assumes. it was because McCone was out of town. ?MCCONE HAS said recently that he knew nothing of the Mafia connec- tion at:the time, although he learned of it later. - . ? . , Retired Maj. Gen. Edward Lang- dale, a counterinsurgency expert with strong ties to the CIA, said in an interview with The Washington Star earlier this month that Robert Kennedy directed him in 1962 to pre pare contingency plans to "get rid of"- Castro. He said he passed the in- structions along to Harvey. Lansdale recanted his account the next day. He said Kennedy ,never ordered him to plan to kill anyone and that assassination "is not my bag." In a subsequent intervfew, Lansdale said he could not recall if he had dealt with Harvey. Lansdale's original story did not explain how he could have launched' the Mafia plot, which had begun two years earlier. However, Houston's version explains that Harvey did not become involved until 1962. Harvey and Roselli have both testified in secret before the Senate. select intelligence committee. Chair- man Frank Church, D-Idaho, said Wily ilatziycarkaritdi 7 Roselli.from ; published accounts of the Mafia plot. it THE T.LL'.5-:-,71;GTOIE STAR Approved For Release 2005/1ii28j:561AilliD91-009,61RQ00,60 rhurch: A 'Very Raz-,-)1 Possiogiri By Norman Kea-tipster ? Washington Star Staff Writer Comparing the CIA to a "rogue ele- phant on a rampage," the chairman of the Senate Select Intelligence Committee said yesterday it is possi- ble the agency planned assassina- tions without the knowledge or ap- proval -of Presidents Dwight D. Eisenhower or John F. Kennedy. Atter the-committee questioned the final witness in its two-month-long investigation of CIA murder plots abroad, Sen. Frank Church, D-Idaho, said the evidence points to a "very real -possibility" that the agency acted Without White House approval. - Eisenhower's son, former Ambas- sador John Eisenhower, told report- ers after testifying in the commit- tee's Closed hearing that if his father ? had heard of an assassination plan he would have rejected it with "con-- tempt.' ? ? - ? . KENNEDY'S defense secretary; . Robert S. McNamara, and national, security adviser,. McGeorge-Bundy, last week issued statements -that Kennedy had never approved assas- ? sination as an- instrument of foreign ? policy. Church said earlier that 'although the committee has found "bard evi- .dence"' that the CIA engaged in assassination planning and in actual murder attempts, there was no clear evidence to link either Eisenhower or Kennedy to the plans. ? But Church said yesterday the evi- ' dence may show the CIA acted with- out legal authority. - ? "We have to face the very real possibility that the agency may have been behaving like a rogue elephant 'on a rampage," Church said. "But rather than speculate on that, I think the evidence will have to speak for it- self. When the committee issues its report, everyone will have an opPor- tunity to review the evidence." ? -? ' Church has said the committee is investigating assassination plots dur- ing a period running from the closing months of the Eisenhower adrninis- trationuntil the early months of the Johnson administration. Underworld figure John Roselli 4 has told the committee of a Mafia- CIA plan to kill Castro during that period. . - JOHN EISENHOVei.R, who was on his father's White House staff, said President Eisenhower's view of assassination was that "it is a rather poor way of running a business be- cause you are going to make a mar- tyr out of the other fellow if you do something like that and no i.nan is indespensible. Now, maybe some would disagree that no man istinde- spensible. but that certainly was his - attitude." ? - "It's like the empire says, it ain't? nothing till I call it, and nothing came to the.White House," Eisenhower Said. ?. -? - -.Former CIA Director Richard Helms also appeared before the- -Church committee yesterday but he -refused-to talk to reporters after- - ward.- ? ? -? ? ? ? . Helms said earlier that the CIA' only- acts in response to the wishes of. the White House. Asked: about- Helms . statement, John Eisenhower said his father was:- never alone with the CIA director _ e"except for one short period of 10 - ? L. ? - ? minutes." During all other meetings with the CIA head, John Eisenhower said, the President was accompanied ; by aides unconnected with the agen- cy. ALTHOUGH the committee has- nht ? began to write its report on assassi- nations, it already has begun. to take ? testimony on the next phase of its in- quiry ? clandestine CIA attempts to . manipulate events in other countries.. " -The first example of clandestine operations to be examined was. the CIA effort to undermine the govern- t merit of Mar:eist President Salvadcire Allende of Chile. Allende died in a coup that overthrew his regime in 1973_ - ? Church also said the committee-1 plaos to investigate illegal CIA mail opehino,. He said that probably will ! be a topic to be considered when the committee holds public hearings in the fall. - - .."You know, we have to pot a ston . to that," he said. "You know it is not only illegal, it is outrageous." The Rockefeller Commission re- port said the CIA's mail-opening STAT project was ended in 1973. ? TECC)MMtI .O.LE plans to issue an interimh report on assassinations ? later this Month or early in August_ ' Asked if there was a possibility that assassinations were planned ; without the knowledge of the CIA director-by lower-level agency ! ployes, Chturch said, "That can best- - . be answered when you have a chance ; to review the evidence." - Former- CIA Director'. John A. McCone told the committee earlier that he has found records of a plan to - kill Cuban Pren-APpreckad-.Fartrafieibase 2005/11/28 : CIA-RDP91-00901R000600090012-3 he said he had not been informed of the plot at the tin-ie. McCone said if try,4,1"-ri nf the nlan_ he would TI!..F2] Approved For Release 2005M1titrtECW-FibP91-00 TI-IE CIA The Assassination Pot. That 'Failed Of all the charges of wrongdoing by the Central Intelligence Agency, the most distta bing are those that implitate the agency in plots to assassinate foreign rul- ers who were deemed inimical to U.S. in- terests. Among the putative targets were Con,,,olese Nationalist Leader Patrice- Lumumba and Dominican Republic Dic- tator Rafael Trujillo, who were assassi- nated in 1961; South Viet Nam Presi- dent Ngo Dinh Diem, who was murdered in 1963; and Cuban Premier Fidel Cas- tro. The allegations are being investigated by a Senate committee, which last week continued to question past and present CIA officers about the alleged plots. At TimEfs request, Charles JV. Murphy, a former editor and Washington correspondent of FORTUNE, talked with his ion g-titne sourc- es in the U.S. intelligence field about the charges and sent this - report: ? The suspicion is that two Presidents?Dwight Eisen- hower and John Kennedy ?authorized or condoned foul plots by the CIA to do in sev- eral foreign leaders. Democrat-- ic Senator Frank Church of Idaho, who heads the Senate investigating committee, has claimed to have "hard evi- dence" of the agency's com- plicity but nothing that would implicate any President. Still, in the singular relationship of the agency to presidential au- thority, evidence of a CIA as- sassination plot would seem to implicate one President or the other, even both, unless, of course, the CIA had become a law unto itself. What the Rockefeller commission report revealed was in all likelihood just the tip of the iceberg," ac- cording to Church. The real likelihood is that so far as the actual assassinations are con- cerned, there was never much more to this floating body than a deceptively shimmering tip. Castro, however, was another Fie ncney ecsioo of ,p,sT'.; faction with three rifles. A group of se en or eight men ambushed Trujillo o the road from his house to the pres dential palace. Whether any of the U.S supplied rifles were used in the killin has never been determined to the s nior CIA men's satisfaction. LUMUMBA. The Soviet Union su ported him with money and arms in t contest to take the former Belgian Co go out of the West's orbit. While t CIA supported President Molse Tshom of Katanga against Lumumba, it had part in Lumurnba's arrest and murd by Katanganese soldiers. He was a c snaky of African tribal politics. DIEM. The coup against Diem w IL I. U ST CATIOY ? ? STAT 01R000600090012-3 r):).,.7-r!ON OF- Ct.13,5.",;iThDO CAST:4.0:6 fA !+C;T7T 7;es th P,,,hcfps l'UJILLO. former senior officers of the CIA maintain that neither the agency nor Presidents Eisenhower or Kennedy had anything directly to do with the dictator's death. Officials in the American embassy had tried to per- suade Trujillo to resign to end the do- mestic unrest that the U.S. feared might make the country r.k) CRrEnvi.6.11-ri They had also beer!' t yui(R! 15w!ca with leaders of the political opposition and as a. token of the American interest thy man io Havarit-tl-tot cold feet. planned with the knowledge of Dean Rusk and Averell I iarriman at the State Department, Robert S. McNamara and Roswell Cillpatric at the Defense De- partment and the late Edward R. Mur- row at the U.S. Information Agency. The U.S. hoped Dicm's overthrow would 0 00 0' turrui int had weak- N.DP9tig(1901 rector, John A. MeCone, vigorously op- posed the overthrow of Diem on the . t Office of Security. Edwards passed the idea on to Deputy Director for Plans Richard M. Bissell Jr. He instructed Edwards to explore the feasibility of the project. For help, Edwards turned to a former FBI agent and later Howard Hughes as- sociate, Robert A. Maheu. Maheu, then a private consul- tant and investigator,. was be- lieved to have a line to Mafia interests that had operated gambling casinos in Havana. Through the connection. Ed- wards sought to find out whether the Mafia could pro- duce, if need be, a man in Ha- vana in a position to liquidate Castro. Through Chicago Mafia Chieftain Sam Giancana, who ; was murdered last week in his suburban Chicago home, and his lieutenant, John Roselli. the CIA recruited a gangster re- puted to be in Castro's entou- rage of bullyboys. In late Sep- tember Bissell and Edwards informed Director-Allen Dul- les of the results of their ten- tative explorations. Bissell maintains that his discussion with Dulles was in the most general terms: he was merely eneotie.v,, the grotind ferti!er. Inc medical section of the CIA produced some exotic pills and even 'fixed- a box of fine Havana cigars. The cigars seem never .to have left the lab- oratory, but the 'pills were turned over to the Mafia. The would-be assassin was to have been paid 5150.000 if he suc- ceeded, some earnest money, -.a few thousand dollars,- was turned over to R0906000911012T3c1 Roselii expected something more important than money: both were under investigation by the De- ., NATIONAL GUARDIAN Approved live a little, Fiotior Release 209?/t1/28 :191*RDP91-00901R000600090012- _ protect a related materials included the names of more than 300,000 persons and organizations, which were entered into a Li I repr : intelligence abroad on any. _foreign connections with computerized index." American dissident groups. In order to have sufficient "Operation CHAOS used a number of agents to collect "Commencing in 1969," the report then adds, 'cover' for these agents, the operation recruited persons from domestic dissident groups or recruited others and , instructed them to associate with such groups in this t. country." There in brief is official confirmation of a fact the left has long maintained: the CIA is a secret police organization that, contraty to the law and its own charter, C - sty I e aims its reactionary activity against the people's movements at home as well as abroad. Other related exposes in the report include the following:--.4 The CIA has employed wiretaps, burglaries, buggings , and the illegal use of tax records against dissident y CARL DAVIDSON' - , . .. _____ ---- - ? - - Americans. , ? ? Nelson Rockefeller pulled off one of the biggest "dirty ? The CIA illegally "intercepted" more than 4 million -icks" of them all last week with the release of his official pieces of mail a year from the Soviet Union and China over sport on the Central Intelligence Agency.. '' several years, opening and photographing tens ? of The vice president's-"`Commission on CIA Activities thousands of them in the pmcess. - Vithin the United States" confirmed many of the charges 'The CIA maintained a "drug-testing" program over a -lade in recent exposes of the agency and pointed out that 10-year period to determine the usefulness of various :s massive domestic spying activities, conducted by a substances in breaking the mental resistance of its targets. ceret division canes "Operation- CHAOS," was mainly One agent killed himself after being administered a dose 1 1 imed at insurgent movements of the American people. of LSD without his knowledge. Nonetheless, the commission did an overall whitewash ' ? The CIA maintained a system of monitering telephone ! DI) on the CIA, especially in covering up its role in political I says between individuals here and in Europe and Latin i -ssassinationt. In addition,. the panel urged the Ford-America . s., - -- - - -- - - -- -- --- _chninistration to implement a bevy of "reforms" that -....-;?.- The CI:A-develo-Ped illegal relationships with several. would strengthen and expand the power of monopoly ?local police departments, which included training -apitai's secret police?all in the guise of rectifying the -programs in intelligence work, routine payment of 2-IA's mistakes and "Protecting" the People's democratic "gratuities," the '''lending" of CIA agents and equipment for police work and the use of police officers during CIA "Whenever the activities of a government agency break-ins. named its authority," states the summary of the 299:-page ? The CIA established over a period of 20 years an eport, "individual liberty may be impaired. Individual agreement with the Justice Department which exempted lberties likewise depend on maintaining public order at any CIA agent from criminal investigation or prosecution.; aome and in protecting the country against infiltration -. , 7rom abroad and alined attack." , , v' - ' GIVE A urnz, SAVE A LOT - t Public scepticism in the wake of the Watergate affair, - The disclosure of these items more than confirms the, lowever, was a key factor compelling the panel to exposures of the agency initiated by the New York Times ? substantiate many of. the- "domestic spying" charges. late last year. At the same time to curb further , What are the charges that have been confirmed? Those revelations, the Ford administration is brazenly indulging ? sontnined in the report alone 'reveal that-the CIA -today in a well-worn ploy of the Nixon White House?giving up a - r.annot measure up to the' claims made at its founding in little to protect a loti - - I . 1947 when, stated the panel, "Congress sought to assure "There are aspects of this material that should never be ' the American public that it was not establishing a secret permitted to comes out," said a White House staff oolice which would ,-threaten the civil liberties . of, member, commenting in the June 23 Newsweek on Americans. If specifically forbade the CIA from exercising l information that had turned up "independently of the 'police, subpena, or law enforcement powers or internal commission." s ? _ security functions." -, , s , , - , "Only the tip of the iceberg" was the phrase used by - , _ Sen. Frank Church (D Idaho) head of the Senate team MASSIVE DOMESTIC SPYING invegtigating the agency, after reading the report. This But at the center of the commission's minimal was also backed up by Newsweek, which noted that an "criticisms" of the CIA is its account of "Operation , "expert estimate" said the panel had focused on "no more CHAOS,' the agency's label for its massive and secret than 5 or 6% of the CIA's activities." domestic spying operation revealed in part by the-New Eyen the items admitted in the report were constrained. York Times six months ago. _ - ' "It left details undetailed and names unnamed," said i "Operation CHAOS" was established in August 1967 in Newsweek. "It entrusted the work of reform largely to the order to combat the "growin' g domestic disorder" of the 1 agency itself and to the White House?often collaborators Black-liberation struggle and the antiwar and student in the 'abuses of the past." movements, says the report, and "it resulted in the The "work of reform," however, is the most insidious accumulation of considerable material on domestic aspect of the panel's report. Its aim is to shore up ands dissidents and their activities." _ .1 strengthen the CIA. The agency's main task?the export "During six years," it PNItOrClaresi rtilP FttPlUattn2CitariihrvOtWOlitrie the report pool2 -3 compiled some 13,000 different files, including files on an is_viewell a 1 , 7200 American citizens. The documents in the a se files and __ ... , . t ontinue-d, Approved For Release 2005/11/28 : CIA-RDP91-00 elv iii By Tad Szulc "... The commission may have found out?a that the CIA had planned to murder Chin The politics of assassination is a rela- tively new phenomenon in American politics. But it is a political weapon with two cutting edges. One is the sim- plc act of assassination for political purposes at home and abroad. The Warren commission decided, for ex- ample, that Lee Harvey Oswald acted alone when he killed John Kennedy in Dallas, but it could not rule out the possibility that Oswald was politi- cally motivated. Similarly, it is as- sumed that Sirhan Sirhan had some po- litical motivation in shooting Bobby Kennedy in Los Angeles in 1968. And to plot the death of foreign leaders--- Premier Castro of Cuba, say?is to make a political decision, whether the plotting is done by elected officials of the U.S. government or at the Central Intelligence Agency. The other cutting edge of the politics of assassination is the use of knowledge of assassinations, or assassination plots, to damage past and present govern- ments. Who gains depends on who is playing this game. One thinks of the attempt by E. Howard Hunt, the con- victed Watergate "plumber," to falsify, while working in the Nixon White House, a series of telegrams to show that President Kennedy had ordered the assassination of South Vietnam's President Diem in November, 1963. The politics of assassination is clearly the legacy of murders and at- tempted murders of national leaders .reaching back to the cold War era of the 1950's. The plots against Castro, the deaths of John and Robert Kennedy ?we have become accustomed to mys- teries, accustomed to conclusions with loose ends untied. In the past five months, the politics of assassination has been on view in the handling of charges that the CIA plotted political .murder in pursuit of presumed American foreign-policy ob- jectives. In these months, the conduct of the Rockefeller commission, whose duty it became to look into these charges, had at least one decidedly po- litical aspect. While the commission fi- nally?chose not to get to the bottom of the assassination charges, it appeared to have tolerated enough leaks to the media to suggest that if there were any CIA murder plots, they were hatched at the direction of John and Bobby Kennedy. The politics of assassination, as played in Washington today, is espe- cially obvious in the running contro- versy between the Rockefeller commis- sion, chaired by Vice-President Nelson Rockefeller, who has not ceased to run for president in seventeen years, and the Senate Select Committee on In- telligence Activities, headed by Frank Church of Idaho, a potential Demo- cratic presidential candidate in 1976. Rockefeller's commission refused, finally, to report On the subject despite an extra two months' time allotted to it by President Ford for this purpose. Church, whose painstaking investiga- tion is very much centered on assassina- tions, says that he has "hard evidence" of CIA murder plots. , The Rockefeller commission's ham: dling of foreign assassinations is, in fact, a kind of classical case study in the politics of assassination. Its decision to skirt the whole subject because "time did not permit a full investigation" im- mediately became a burning political issue, with both the While House and the Rockefeller panel being charged with a cover-up. Ford, to be sure, prornised to give the materials on assassinations gathered by the commission to appropriate con- gressional committees and to the attor- ney general for further investigation. But the real outcome of this maneuver- ing was that the presidential commis- sion was spared the necessity of address- ing itself to the hottest, and the most politically dangerous, aspects of the CIA inquiry. When the Church committee 01R000600090012-3 presents its conclusions, probably early in 1976, the White House might well accuse the Democratic majority ? of playing politics with assassination in an election year. This, the White House might well hope, could defuse the dan- ger posed by Church's investigation. The politics of assassination is also a vicious circle. The whole CIA affair to date prob- ably did nothing to enhance the stature of Nelson Rockefeller in terms of his vice-presidential (if not presidential) ambitions in 1976. As a congressional observer remarked last weekend, "The CIA investigation may turn out to be Rockefeller's political Bay of Pigs." Why Ford should have saddled Rock- efeller with the investigation in the first place is a reasonably interesting Approved For Release 2005/11/28: CIA-RDP91-00901R000600090012-3 65 NEW YORK/JUNE 23, 1975 Photographed by Peggy Barnett ,etet Qe, VIA51-11:ITGlint; STA-R Approved For Releas020b#17f1/12CIA-RDP91-009 9 er izool 4 a st Uti LOIS 2y 'Norman Kempster But Nesssen said Ford. BUT McCONE did not Washirigion Star Staff Writer was also concerned at news ? say who had granted the , reports, of bits and pieces of authority, which he said ? 3enate investigators, the evidence the White, was prior to his tenure .as aY recalled CIA Director House is assembling con-, CIA chief. ham Colby for more cerning CIA-sponsored ? The House CIA investiga- esaions ,about assassina- assassination plots. tion reached a deadlock -n plots as the House eggled to find a way. NESSlPni said that when Monday when the House overwhelmingly refused to -ough the internal im- information is provided "by accept Neclzi's resignation sse that has blocked the dribs and drabs, the people as chairman as had been. art of its intelligence get a not-complete version demanded by a majority-of -obe.' of what went on." the Democrats on the corn- The Senate committee 1 Roderick Hills, the presi- mittee. ard Colby as its first wit- ; dentia l counsel who is han- The Matter was referred -ss last month, but it de- dling the White House CIA .'str,d to question him again to the Rules Committee investigation, said yester- after Rep. B.F. Fisk, pt ter taking testimony from. -reter directors John _cCone and Richard elms. ut as the Senate investi- -.tion continued under tt secrecy rules, House - oy.clers searched for a essible compromise in a . hter dispute between Rep. '- aecien Nedzi, D-Mich., :airman of its Select Corn- ! eintee on intelligence, and ? _ majority of the Demo-. on the committee. AT THE REQUEST of ?louse Speaker Carl Albert," .he House Rules Committee - as temporarily postponed :.onsideration of a resolu-1 nen that would abolish the. eteiligence committee and i ;reap the whole investiga- An Albert said the : eaker hoped to work out 1 Ttn agreement that would tesolve the dispute without 1 steolishing the committee. Albert reportedly ' that cancellation of the ee-oteigatien would be con- cover-:) of CIA .dent ? spokesmae indicane White House is also _ " eening sensitive to- ee-up cht rges. sugl.,,estion that this ij trying to hide' :cotbinz just doesn't add 1R000600090012-3 He said foreign agents' are "developing consider- able political and economic information" as a result of an increasing number of contacts with members cif Congress and their staffs, many of which "are of a clandestine nature" in which the agent poses as an official of a .foreign govern- ment. SUCH CONTACTS con- trast with actual infiltra- tion, in which a foreign- day his staff is conducting a; Calif., introduced a resolu- agent would seek to recruit a congressional staff mem- "top-to-bottom" search Of: tion to dissolve the commit- National Security Council tee. ber to gather and pass - along information, he said. records of U.S. policy in the Albert asked a delay in His comment- was on a Caribbean.. 1 the hope of working out a Scripps-Howard news serv- ? Hills . declined t? -saY ; compromise, although both idle- report that the Rocke- whether the assassination Nedzi and the dissident feller commission in the of Cuban Premier Fidel ; Democrats indicated that .course of its lni;estig,ation Castro had been cliscusssed i , an agreement was doubtful. t of the CIA reenneed evf- in the NSC. But he said the Meanwhile, the House . dence that Soviet-bloc entire history of NSC t-.1c- . Ethics Committee met agents may have infiltrated tions between 1959 and 1963-., briefly to consider the case congressional office or . was relevant to the investi- . ; of one of Nedzi's most out- committee staffs. gation. , e spoken critics, Re5.-11;11i- A White House official "If you look at the NSCI minutes over lout years you! chael Harringnon, D-Mass. with access to evidence turned up by the commis- - could determine who was: responsible for what," Hills i THE -HOUSE Armed sion denied the report, say- aid. 1 Services Committee voted in g "there is absolutely no s McCone said - following., Monday .to deny Harrineton evidence" of infiltration of his appearance before. the; classified information be- Congress by the KGI.3, the Senate Intelligence Corn- cause he had discussed in Soviet intelligence mittee that he had - found- public supposedly secret organization. Sen. Barry Goldwater. R- evidence that the CIA had, testimony concerning a CIA Ariz., a member of the Sect- planned an attempt on Cas- plot to destabilize the gov- tro's life under "authority" ernment of the late Presi- ate Select _ Intelligence granted in the closing ? dent Salvador Allende .of Committee, raised the issue months of the Eisenhower. Chile. Sunday when he said that administration and early in- s'ources indi- ; he hoped the panel would investigate reports he had the Kennedy aclministra- Cated a tifiblic hearing i tion. probably will be held, but ' received frorn "very, very no date Was set. good sources" of such infil- . A hi7,h-ri-Ant;ing FBI ?fit, tration cml, :viaeanwl-i.ile, :said for- .:--::1 intrillliz,::ic:i a?-i,--nts becorrii:-..:?, -i-asia.4;y oc- tive on Capitol Hill but have not succc:erted in infiltrating any c,on!:,,re..--zional rf iir-t-Th'. . "We law2: no indication of any rt teal infiltration," Jam's 1i.,-.s, denaty associate C.i-cctor, eaici in a Press tectretaitt? Ron- telrplliii iii.nrview yoster- ,:;en said ),,sterdayApproved For Release 200541128114'CIAIRt094-016961R000600090012-3 Ila];;I'!: anyLhing to teporte'cl. -,..'asn't i.v.-fil'il in STA STAT -?:"A H Tl'IGTON STAR 5 juTE 1975 Approved For Release 2005111128: CIA-RDP91-0090 0 e By David Wise A former director bf the Central Intelligence Agency, John A. McCone, was in town a few days ago and remarked to reporters that Fidell Castro's assassination, or "liquida- tion or disposal, I've forgotten the exact words," was discussed at a high-level meeting that he attended while CIA chief in 1962. These little details are difficult to , recall, especially after the passage.of so much time, but McCone's com- ments demonstrate how casually thei subject of political murder has enter- ed the mainstream of public debate in America, a nation that likes to think of itself as the moral leader of free men everywhere. And, although the matter of alleged CIA assassina- tions of foreign political leaders was deleted from the Rockefeller commis- sion report handed to President Ford last week, the subject will not go away. The Rockefeller commission's 299- page paperback report, bound in baby blue, makes fascinating read- ing, but it ,would have to be rated PG. The really good version, including the X-rated material, has not been released by the President. Ford explained it this way at his press conference last Monday night: "Because the investigation of the po- litical assassination allegations is incomplete, and because the allega- tions involve extremely sensitivei matters, I have decided that it is noti in the national interest to make pub-i lie material relating to these alIegaj tions at this time." Instead, Ford said; he was sending the classified assassination material to .the Senate and House committees investigating the CIA and other intelligence agen- cies; in addition all of the data gath- ered by the commission will go to the Justice Department for possible criminal prosecution of individual law-breakers. In effect, Ford was dumping the, explosive assassination issue in the. lap of Sen. Frank Church, D-Idaho1. chairman of the Senate panel. This. could be seen as a fairly shrewd liticaimove by Ford, for it was a way. . for a Republican president to trans- fer a nettlesome problem from the: White House to a committee and as. Congress controlled by Democrats. In fairness to Ford, however, there was also some administrative logic to AtilAkietleF0 his action, since the panel was originally established last January to investigate CIA domestic transgressions, not its actions over- seas. ? A strong counter-argument, of. course, is that if the commission has. solid evidence of CIA assassination! plots or actual killings, the informa- tion ? even if incomplete ? should be made public. The President's fail- ure to do so inevitably raises the question of a cover-up, an unpleasant issue coming so soon after Water-. gate. But the great irony of all this, lost to some extent in the controversy over the CIA and the. Rockefeller re- port, is that President Ford himself was responsible for the news leak that created the current political furor over assassinations. What turned into a comedy of errors began on Jan. 16, when the President lunched privately with Ar- thur Ochs Sulzberger, publisher of the New York Times, and several of the newspaper's senior editors from New York and Washington. Ford was asked why he had appointed so many establishment figures to the Rocke- feller commission. He replied, off the record, that he had chosen reliable types because he did not want the commission to go too far and get into the area of assassinations. Bound to secrecy by the rules that permit press and government to re- late to each other in something short of total anarchy, the newspaper, al- though agonized by the position in which it found itself, did not print the story. But journalists are terrible gossips ? it is in the nature of their work ? and before long the story found its way to the sharp ears of Daniel Schorr of CBS News, who broadcast a version of Ford's private comments on Feb. 28. Thus began a spate of news stories about alleged CIA assassination plots, ? especially those directed at Fidel Castro. Some of these accounts reported that the CIA had hired Mafia figures to murder the Cuban leader. These stories, in turn, gener- ated other stories speculating that President John F. Kennedy might have been assassinated on Castro's orders, in retaliation for alleged CIA 'plans to kill Castro. . Reporters began dogging Vice President Rockefeller's footsteps, de- manding to know --whether the commission would investigate CIA assassination allegations. At first, tf,utis unwelcome 011436, bocAtiRDni '44'6640 assign ; P d he confirm would at least explore toe aspect of alleged assassination plots by CIA. That left the odd impression, never entirely clarified, that the panel would confine itself to studying only any murder plots hatched within the United States ? at CIA headquar- ters in Langley, Va., for example, or in Miami against Castro. The same day, the story came ful. circle for President Ford. At a news conference in Indiana, he acknowl- edged that he had discussed the sub-, ject of assassinations with Vice- President Rockefeller. Ford added:' "I condemn any. CIA involvement in any assassination planning or ac- tion." In April, former CIA director Rich- ard Helms emerged from a long interrogation by the Rockefeller commission and snapped "Killer Schorr" at the CBS newsman, i.vho was waiting outside the hearing room. "As far as I know," said Helms, "the CIA was never responsi- ble for assassinating any foreign leader." R000600090012-3 Despite this and other official deni- als, there have .been recurrent, pub- lished reports of CIA assassination involvement for years; one of the astonishing aspects, of the current controversy' is how long it has taken - for the matter to become a political issue. ? Item: In 1967, in the book The Espionage Establishment, Thomas B. Ross and I reported that when Castro visited New York City in 1960; a CIA agent told New York police that the agency had devised a plan to. plant a box of special cigars where Castro might smoke one: when he did, it would explode and blow his. head off. But the CIA man explained- the plan would not be carried out. tai Item: in August 1970, when the Kennedy Library in Waltham, Mass., was opened to scholars, the New York Times published a F,tory based on a taped interview with former Sen. George A. Smathers, a Kennedy friend. Smathers said he had more than once talked with President Kennedy about "assassination of. Fidel Castro, what would be-the reac- tion, how would the people react, would the people be gratified." Smathers said Kennedy "was certain it_could be accomplished," but M9111Momoosooliaz-she Presi- continued STA BALTIMOHE TIS AMErtICAN 13 JUNE Approved For Release 2005/11/28 :-'CIA-RDP91-00901R0006 JACZi ANDERSON with LES WMTTEN Govt. Guests And CIA CIA COVERUP: Former CIA chief John McCone now has acknowledged a story he denied to us more than four years ago. ? In January, 1971, we reported that the CIA had recruited two underworld figures, Sam Giancana and John RoseIli, to plan the assassination of Cuban Premier Fidel Castro. He identified their CIA contacts as Wil- liam Harvey and James "Big Jim" O'Con- nell. The CIA was put in touch with the underworld triggerman, we reported, by. billionaire Howard Hughes' former Nevada honcho, Robert Maheu. The plotters are now being hauled be- hind closed doors of the Select Senate Intel- ligence committee to tell what they know. McCone emerged after three hours of ? secret testimony to admit cautiously to the . press that plots, indeed had been sanctioned to kill Castro. This was the opposite of what he told us. - in 1971. "No plot was authorized or imple- _ merited" to. assassinate Castro, he told us. - We went ahead with the story anyway, and now McCone has acknowledged we were right. "The plot to knock off Castro," we re- ported on Jan. 18, 1971, "began as part of the Bay of Pigs operation. The '.r.tent was to eliminate the Cuban dictator before the motley invaders landed on the island_ Their arrival was expected to touch off a general uprising, which the Communist militia would have had more trouble putting down without the charismatic Castro to lead them." Yet even after the Bay o: Pigs, we re- ported, ass-assination teams continued to try' to eliminate Castro until the end of Febru- ary, 1963. "Nine months later," we rsned, ? "President: Kennedy was gunned down ia - Dallas by Lee Harvey Oswald, a fanatic who previously had agitated ',at- Castro in : New Orleans and had made a mysterious trip to the Cuban Embassy in Mexico City." Among those privy to the CIA conspira- cy, there is still'a nagging suspicion ? un- . supported by the 1.1;arren Commisslon's - findings ?that Castro became aware cif the U.S. plot upon his life and sc-,n7ellow recruit- ed Oswald to retaliate aga?.73:-. President Kennedy. The Senate committee is investigating also this intriguing possi5ilty that the CIA attempt to kill Castro ma hr:e bac'Kf.recl against President Kennecly 11 Dallas. No less than the ;ate Pr dent's broth- er, Robert, and successor, Lyndon Johnson, were deeply conscious of this unproved 090012-3 Approved For Release 2005/11/28: CIA-RDP91-00901R000600090012-3 THE WASHINGTON POST Approved For Release 2005/34/2E1`181AW15P91-00901ROOC By Jack An dors? and Les Whitten CIA Cover-tp?Fi;nnt:r CIA1 chief John McCone has now'ac- knowledged a story he denied to us more than four years ago. .In January. 1971, we n ported; that the CIA had recruited two underworld figures, Sam Gian- cana and -John Roselli, to plan the-assassination-of Cuban-Prez mier Fidel Castro. We identified their CIA con- tacts as William Harvey and James (Big Jim) O'Connell. The CIA was put in touch with the underworld triggermen, we re- ported, by billionaire Howard Illic:hes' former Nevada honcho, Robert NI alieu. ? The plotters are now being hauled behind closed doors of the se/et Serate intelligence committee to tell what they know. McCone emerged after three hours of secret testimony to a.-1- mit cautioosly to the press that 1:?lots. indeed, had been sane- Lion( to kill Castro. Tilis was the opposite of what he told us in 1571. "No plot was. ltithorized or implemented" to assa,sinate Castro, he told us.. We went ahead with the story anyway. and mr.v MeCone has: acknowl,,.!..c.,d we were "l tie plot to knock off Cast i o,"; we reported on Jan. 13, 10"1,i -began as part of the ayo: operation. The intent was to eliminate the Cuban dictator before the motley invad crs landed on the i:;land. rival was expect.zd to touch off a: general uprisilg. which the Communist militia would have; hal more trouble putting dv.r....n witi!out the charism:?:tic. Ca: Nt to 1?:?i:d them." Yet even of.ter the Bay of Pigs, we reported. assa,3siimtion team-. continuod to try to eii iii- nato Ctro until t!..n end of Feb- ruary. 1.z3. Nine months lat- er." we noted. "President Ken. necl ta,s gunned down in Dar la,by Lee Harvey 0:.o.vald. a fa? rat;e v. h., previously h7ici agi [mu: fk;:- Castro in New On arts made a mysterwas tri to the. Cuban Embassy in Me::ico City." Among those priri the CIA,.there:is st,.lt a nag-. ging suspicion?unsupported by the Warren Commisiion.s find.; ings-:-that Castro becarrie aware! of the U.S. plot upon hi 3 life and i somehow recruited Oswaid tai retaliate against President Ken- nedy. The Senate coin mittEe is also; investigating thi-3 intriguing! possitility that the CIA terapt3 to kill Castro may have; backfired against President Kenn:. dy in Dc,ilas. Nc less than the late PreF.i-; Mother, Ilo!)ert? cr.23si,r, Lyn1011 Johrsi. v erf..' ? deel:?Y consci?Jiis of prov?2t. 1.9;5. UnitCti Fea Ive Sy .:2 STAT 600090012-3 Approved For Release 2005/11/28 : CIA-RDP91-00901R000600090012-3 Approved For Release 2003/1Al?2tg., 11 JUNE 1975 Del2y on CIA Report. Raises Credibility !ssue BY ROBERT L. JACKSON Times Staff Writer WASHINGTON?President Ford tstand the -footwork that seems to be Friday received a 350-page report .;:taking place right now. I'd rather not from the Rockefeller commission ;:speculate on the motivation or the with recommendations on the Cen- ;reasons for it." ? ? tral Intelligence Agency and a sepa- e. Church, described as 'strange" the rate packet of "investigative mated:. ;possibility that the Rockefeller report als" on the CIA's alleged role in as- ;fwould be withheld from the public. sassination plots. ? "It is my purpose to make a; public The report, .representing a five- 1:11.sclosilre of all the facts that come month investigation by the blue-rib- -;`?to our (the Senate coinmittee's) at- bon panel headed by Vice President lention," Church said. _ ? - Rockefeller, is understood to focus on Meanwhile, former CIA Director the CIA's future role and on charges ;'John A. McCone told reporters that that ic engaged in illegal domestic . there were "certain actions . which spying. .Nvere either planned or some actually In acceptine? the report, Mr. Fond ;undertaken" against the life of Cuban said it would help assure "that we :.Premier Fidel Castro ;in the early end up with a CIA and an intel- 1960s. ligence community that will do an ;!- 3,IcCone, after testifying for three excellent job for the future of this hours at a closed session of Church's country and at the same time ensure 'cornmittee, said that anti-Castro ?per- ' the privacy of individuals." .;ations. had been approved "both at White House officials said they ext '; the close of the Eisenhower adminis- pected the report to be made public. tration and the early part of the Ken- in several days. ; ?-pedy administration." But he added: ..The issue of alleged plans for asses- , ;-.1.1 don't know the source of the au- sinations in foreign countries was Nit ; dealt with in the report itself because thority." He confirmed that in August, 1962, the commission decided that it coulct ::iop Kennedy administration officials not do a thorough enough job in the ?including Secretary of State Dean time allotted, Rockefeller said. ;Rusk and Secretary of Defense However, stripping the report of :Robert S. McNamara?had discussed the assassination material or refusing . but dismissed the possibility of asses- to make it public clearly will raise , einating Castro. questions of credibility, not only : about the commission and its report But a high Defense Department of- but about the motives of the Ford; :ticial subsequently wrote a memo' Administration. :providing the CIA With authority to Sen. Frank Church (D-Ida.), begin . ? y planning man of the Senate Select Committee ? possible assassination of Castro, Mc- on Intelligence Activities, criticized ;Cone said. He said this memo had ; the Rockefeller commission for ; been "erroneous" and "was changed avoiding the assassination issue. "Clearly the Rockefeller commis-; Church disclosed later that he had :- sion had a choice," said Church. It lence, linking the CIA to plots could deal with the assassination aaaainst foreig-n leaders other than issue or duck it. Evidently it hasde- cided to duck it." '?Castro. ? "The assassination problem is not He said he did not "quite under; - confined to Mr. Castro," he told re-- -.porters. . Church said he. was not sure 'whether former President John F. ? . Kennedy and former Atty.- Gen. 'Robert F. Kennedy had been in- VOL'ved in planning foreign assassina-- Oil S. -; 'The evidence is quite confusing on STAT litilgt1-00901R000600090012- this question," Church said. Speaking to newsmen, Rockefelle said: "We did not feel we had the ful Story (of the alleged as-s.assinatioi plots) that would give us the basi for making conclusions." He said i was a "reasonable assumption" tha the Senate CIA committee?but no the public?would have access to tie raw data on this subject that hat been turned over to Mr. Ford. That material is said to includt staff interviews with former CIA offi cials and others, as well as Justice Department files bearing on reports that the CIA cooperated with Mafia figures in getting intelligence out of Cuba prior to the ill-fated Bay of Pigs 'invasion and in planning attempts tc kill Castro in the early 1960s. The Mafia figures, who had operat- ed lucrative gambling casinos in Ha. vana before Castro came to power . reportedly worked with the CIA be- cause they hoped that they would be able to resume gambling operations it Castro were ousted and because they wanted to recover more than $450,- 000 in cash they had left in Cuba. At - the time, they were under investiga- tion by the Department of Justice. In his remarks to reporters, Rocke- ? feller rejected newsmen's suggestions that withholding evidence from the public on the assassination question would be viewed as a coverup. The CIA report originally was to have been made public this weekend, - and, because of comments by Rocke- feller and coriniLssion member C. : Douglas Dillon. it had been expected to deal with the assassination issue. 3 As late as Wednesday, in resnanse.! to a statement by Church that the' in- telligence agency had been involved' in "murder plots,". Rockefeller said his rePort would address that cues- tion.'. But Thursday night the Vice Pros- iclept's office said that the siibect had - been inadequately .investigated by the commission in its rush to meet to- day's deadline .for reporting to Mr. Ford. Rockefeller aides said Friday that the Vice President, in his statement Wednesday, had not meant to imply that the assassination question would be discussed at length in the report. They said he had been accurate in: saying that the question would be ad-f dressed because the report will note that the commission looked into it without reaching any conclusions. -"As far as I know," presidential .Press Secretary Ron Nessen said, neither the President nor anyone in Approved For Release 2005/11/28 : ciAtiztrAttitcotigetRotroebObaom2-3 station material excluded from the final report. Approved For r WASILLNUTOil :antic 7 JUNE 1975 ase 2005/11/28: Maheu served as the link -RDP911409011R60061409611e3 CIA. THE COMMITTEE has issued a subpoena for underworld figure John Roselli to testify later next week about the reported "contract" on Castro's life. While insisting ?that his committee will make publi - in about a month what i ? has learned about CIA mur ders, Church indicated th panel probably will shun he said he learned of the plots later.1 televised public hearings of By Norman Kempster The possible use of assassination the type conducted two Washington Star Staff Writer "was raised" during his tenure as years ago by the Senate Former CIA Director John A. CIA director, he added, but he re- i Watergate Committee. McCone &aid yesterday both the, jected it as "contrary to moral "I doubt very much that Eisenhower and Kennedy adminis-: standards." matters of this kind should trations sanctioned plots to killS However, McCone urged critics of be the subject of a televi- Cuban Premier Fidel Castro. . the arrti-Castro plots, to think "in the sion extravaganza to be Talking to reporters after three ?context of the time" when the Cuban ! broadcast day after day to . f'orld flunr' hours of secret testimonylo the Sen- ate Select Intelligence Committee, McCone said the most serious mur- der plan was "stopped right after the Ba of Pigs (invasion of Cuba)." He said the CIA was given the au- thority to consider killing the Cuban leader "prior to my taking office" as head of the agency. Former Presi- dent John F. Kennedy appointed, McCone in 1961 following the Bay of Pigs debacle. McCone left the agen- cy in 1965. HE SAID the authority, presumably approved at the White) House, was issued in the "latter part) of the Eisenhower administration and the early part of the Kennedyl administration. But McCone insisted the plots were "minor" and were "all finally aborti ed." Committee Chairman Frank! Church, D-Idaho, said the lawmak- ers have collected evidence that the CIA plotted murders of other foreign leaders in addition to Castro and that, ."in certain cases (there have beer* 'more than simply plans -.the actual; attempts have been undertaken." He said there were no actual kill- ings in which "the CIA was directly involved." WHILE REFUSING to go beyond that statement, Church left no doubt that he had intended to imply that the agency was indirectly h)volved in slIccessful assassination attempts. Church indicated that the Commit- tee also wants to find out if the CIA 'played a part in the assassination in 1963 of South Vietnamese President Ngo Dinh Diem. McCone said with- out elaborating that he was question-:ed about "the South Vietnam situas Von in 1963." Communist leader was considered to - - e. be a major menace to U.S. security. . audience," Church said. He said the committee , CHURCH SAID his committee will: would inform the public in a , way that would not put the matter into a historical eon- "magnify the damage to: text but "the assassination problem . is not confined to Mr. Castro and, , the United States." therefore, cannot be dismissed on The committee is operat- ' ing under a "secrecy" rule grounds that Castro took action, in- ' which forbids members eluding making Cuba a missile base, in later months, that in retrospect ; other than Church to talk - might have justified . that extreme about what happens behind ei step." . its locked doors. Church is .l Meanwhile,' a . House se- . permitted to brief reporters in general terms but may- lect committee on the CIA not talk about details. was embroiled in an inter- nal controversy of its own. . AS A RESULT, questions - A majority of the Derno- are often raised that cannot cratic members of the con- be answered. Church was mittee have demanded the asked earlier in the day if - resignation of Chairman the comittee was Con- Lucien N. Nedzi, D-Mich.,. ' vinced that either President because his prior known-. Kennedy or his brother, edge of CIA violations of' Atty. Gen. Robert F. U.S. law would make it, Kennedy, was involved in impossible for him to con-i the assassination plots. duct an independent inves-i "I'm rot, and the evi- tigation of the agency. dence is quite confusing on , -Nedzi said he would not this question," he respond- . resign but that it mightbe a ed. good idea for the full House seem- to vote on whether to oust McCune, however, ed to indicate that a him or have him stay on. Nedzi's aides were work- number of top officials of: both the Eisenhower and ing out a defense strategy - Kennedy administrations keyed to an araument that his activities in overseeing ,..4., i71-;?:,,..,".1 m givin.e, tce the CIA were well-known at CIA auinority to plan . . the time Speaker Carl Al- assassinations. bert picked him for the se- "Lit ci the people in- lect corninittfe job. One voivec; :-..r.-:-.-.., aide remarked that the at- He then listed John Kerne- tack on Nedzi was "a re-. cly, former President pudiation of the speaker,Dwialit D. Eisenhower, for- really." mer Secretary of State John ' Church's committee has Foster Dulles, former CIA called Robert Maheu, a for- Director Allen Dulles, for- mer aide to billionaire - mer Secretary of State McCone, nowAra.,..x..pagp.rnia Howard Hughes, to testify Christian Herter and businessman, said-Ittl-WetligAQWelease plaffonv p astro rt ? Publis e re acc i nts 4P91-00901Rth'00e0rs800090012-3 at the time of lans to kill C. But. alleged CIA-Mafia attempt". to kill Castro have said ? .1.11.JI1 V/Lt.11. .1.1.4-1,. 7 JUNE 1975 - tse9200501/2132: IA-RDg91-00901R009 17-4.1 r__,77,7?:.,;?,,,,,,,,rar.. a '? l'i t 'Z.,. Vi ij Li 0 i... . ? - ?'..,-;.-' ??--33y.:PAUL HEALY And .JOSEPH VOLZ . . ,Iira,shing-tori;..Nne 6., (News Bureau)-.---' Former'CIA Director JOhn...iNteCone --im, ? pliectafter testifying.hefore Senate prober3Htoday:th4.--the CIA hadj.)cen up o1 in plots to assassinate-Ciilian Premier Fidel Castro..? . . ' 1 .--the assassination angle because:. "Certain. acts were plarined. ot I ann the' earl' lti.ennecly'cl a'inin-1 - "We didn't fill we could corn .- ? d-i undertaken, all of -which -were istiation. to a conclusion on partial in for. ? aborted,". McCone told- reporters. He- said it would be difficult motion." He was quizzed for three hours to determine who gave:the CIA. ? - "Important Document" by the . Senate Intelligence Corn- the orders. because `most of the . Ford, ,poting approvingly that mittee, headed by Sen. Frank people involved are dead." the commis-siores findings were Church (D-Idaho.), . who has Me_Corie tic.iced of a list ? Pre- unanimous, remarked as he look- charged that theagency was in- sients ? Eisenhower atTricennedy, ed at the report: "I think it's an . volved In "actual- .attempts" to former Attorney General Robert important document. It Will give kill foreign leaders. - ? -- . :leade. .: ? ? - . .. ..? .. , Ic..ennedy,' Former Secretary of us the basis for some firm - Earlier, the Ro.thefeller? corn- ! State- John Foster Dulles and his recommendations to make sure mission's 300-page report' on at- . brother, Allen, the fast CIA ...... make positive ? that we end legations- of . CIA domestic ' director,- and Christian Herter, up with a . CIA and an intellie spying was formally presentid who -succeeded . John Foster gence community that will do an to President Ford ? without its ptillos? ' -- - '' - excellent job for the future of _ unfinish-ed findings about the- al- As cameras recorded the cere- this country. and at the same leged murder plots.- mony; .Ford. received . the ? blue- time ensure the privacy of indi- V ire .I'r c?iacht Rochefellei: 'told 1 cov.eyed document from Rockefel- . victuals within the Constitution, e- r in. the Oval Office and thank- Ford in, .a. brief ,:prmatatio.hrules laws, ancl?so forth." ed - hiin _ and the other seven , ceremony -that the cominisssion- memb the ers- At -another point he said there f 'commission ? -dtd not have time to deal With would be no question whatsoev- five of '?'w tom - were present. ? er" that the CIA and sister the assassination -allegatiOns. He for their five months of work. agencies would "livwithin the said Ford would . receive those Ford appointed the commission law." The President added that "materials" separately. in Decentber to investigate pub- ? ; the thick volume would provide lished charged that the CIA over, , Will Decide on Release ---, the years had been guilty of him with a l'a long weekend's' o " White House .Press- Secretary "massive illegal domestic reading, but he gave no hint on Ron Nessen surprised reporters spying." The inwuiry later was whether or not he was thinkin- li iee announcing that Ford. would broadened to include the assiissi- gal making public, i::?cide whether or not to make nation wuestion. Nessen ? . told reporters that the CIA report public after Thanks Conunission . Ford's copy of the CIA. report- :-eadinzt it over the weekend. was- the only one in the White - Ncsen aicl. that tile data given Ctminission sources irirl been House and Was in "page proof" to Ford ?would. be turned. over to telling reporters ter weetlitit. forni. In answer to questions, he the chin?ch committee. Earlier stressed that : the. only --White Reckeleller ?wanted ?the report- today, Church said .that alleged House ?official ?who has been 1-Ceasecl, and it had been a:did- CIA plots to assassinate foreign i keeping oozed that the document would in touch with the coin- leaders "were more than simply mission was counsel Philip Bu- be made public on Si.indity. ?plans." Ile charged that the chen Nessen . insisted there never , Rockefeller commission was . ii s had been any- advance ?co-ntre.i Meanwhile, on .tl i apparently "ducking that. sordid ,i Rep. N riint to make the'documeot nun-! ? 1). Lucien ed- Capitol hill, zi (D-Mich.),. :ie in'! angrily dent pd . any sag- ? ? . ? ? - ? chairman of the- House Intelli- - But Church would not say in a ! gence Conunittee, ? said that he? eiestion ,of ..a "covernp." But ! Chu television , interview ?whether he would go to the House floor to rch argued.that IrP"Pic ha television meant the. CIA had been involy- save his job- as chairman. A a rignt to r:now welat the gnv-? 1 ed in the 'actual murders of Ra- majority' of the ' :Democrats on err:meet is doin.-e. I -just tlrin'ti feal Trujillo in the Dominican the panel want him to quit, con-'elelerste:nd the- footwork that.i Republic, secrits to he Ci tal;tr p:a." ? ; ,-n. ? . ratrice aintilittloa -in i tending :that he failed to take in ce the Congo ad other leaders action when he learned a - year eireh .sahl tleit he stil had Roc-lefuller told Ford that ! ago that the CI \. 'was involved 1I'lt.2 to 1,'..--?'1."111)? wli? there were' no conclusions about . in illegal activities, ? et?vti?ninen'... IttIC:101'12C'd t'IC ;:ti- - .? ____.-- iC Zed CIA murder plots. MeCone, But Nedzi 'argued that it ciei, director doming parts of the would . be a "healthy develop- nun 3-0:iF:)11 n?bninis- ment" if his. 'detractors quit the teat.en-, said. the': he ,Ii?I not committee, which meets in a S seetee otheeiL7.." showdown session on Monday. - 'ell - (-:' ?:? tvas givcri iit the. clete oi. Eisenilower a Iministratimi ; Y.1r7 Approved For Release 2005/11/28 : CIA-RDP91-00901R000600090012-3 Approved For Release 2005/11/28: CIA-RDP91-00(901R000600090012-3 WASHINGTON .POST Itii On Castro Confirmed ? 'a By George Lardner Jr. WashInetocs Post 8tt Wri:er Former Central Intelli- . gence Agency Director John A. McCone confirmed yes- terday that the. CIA planned and undertook some steps to assassinate Cuban Pre- Ca,--;tro n tl-,e 1;? a af 71,a schemes "were aborted" and that the principal effort was st-opped soon after_ the Bay of Pigs invasion in April, 1961. He said he was not told of the attempts on Castro's life even after he became head of the CIA seven months later. Speaking with reporters af- 'ter three hours of ?closed-door testimony before the Senate intelligence operations com- mittee, McCone said he be- came aware of the efforts only in the last few months upon reviewing secret CIA files. The committee chairman, Sen. Frank Church (D-Idaho). . added that Castro was not the only target of CIA assassina- tion schemes. The committee is investigat- ing reports and allegations of indirect CIA involvement in the assassinations of dictator !?Rafael Trujillo of the Domini- can Republic in 1961 and of South Vietnamese President ? Ngo Dinh Diem in 1963. The CIA, has also voiced concern over charges that it may have been connected with the death of Congolese leacier Patrice Lumumba who was killed in January of 1961. In an interview on the CBS Morning News, Church said that no actual assassination took place with which the CIA was directly involved." but he said the agency did make some actual attempt at assas. sination and indicated that. it ma Y have been indirectly tiedi to others. that. Wiiiipprovedbkir Relea McCone Said he ws quesT tioned yesterday not only, about Castro, hut also about "the South Vietnam situation" in 1963 when Diem was mur- dered. He indicated that he had not been able to supply many de- tails abotrt Diem because "I did not expect ft to come up" and had not reviewed his notes on that. ? Now a Los Angeles business executive, .McCone said it is still unclear to him, and ap- parently to the Senate com- mittee, who gave the orders for the plans to kill Castro. But he said they were ap- parently handed down "both at the close of the Eisenhower :?.." "The authority under7. which these activities were carried on was authority granted long before my time," said McCone, who was sworn in as CIA di- rector on Nov, 29, 1931. "I was. totally unaware of any at- tempts on Castro!' However, be said that in ie.- vieWing various files within the last few months, `!I have been aware of certain actions which were either planned or some actually undertaken; all. of which are of a minor na- ture," McCone said the chain of command for the assassination schemes against Castro was still murky "because the peo- ple involved are dead," includ- ing Presidents Eisenhower and Kennedy, former Alva--; ney General Robert F. Ken- nedy, 'former CIA director Al- len \V. Dulles, and former Sec- retaries of State John Foster Dulles and Christian Herter, Castro's assassination, or "liguidation or disposal, I've forgotten the exact words," McCone said, was raised again at ? a high-level meetirag on -Aug,. 10, 1962, in light of re- ports that Soviet-made nuclear missiles were about to be in- stalled in Cuba. But, McCone said, "it was disposed of immediately at my insistence ... (It was) quite outside the moral standards of the United States. the CIA and my own standards." MeCone did not say who 91%1 00901 R000600090012-3 4acrar-e-tarr Defense Eoh.ert S. McNamara, Secretary of ; State Dean Rusk, and 7:4c-I !George iiuncly, President Ken-! nedy's ach.-iaer on natknA curity affairs. A fifth member ,of the special high-level group, JAttorney General .Kennedy,, was absent. . I Two days after the -meeting, Gen. Edward G. Lansdale! ; has said, he draltad continai igency plans for dea.ling with i !Castro that "may" have in- cluded Castro's assassination despite the decision at. the: meeting. Lansdale has indi- cated that the orders to draw Up the r1ans came from .r-Z9b- aa aa option. McCone described the. memo as "erroneous" and said, it was quickly withdrawn. ? THE PHILADELPHIA INQUIRER 7 JI.TILE 191.5 Approved For Release 2005/11/2a. u DA-RP91-00901 000600090012-3 he Investigatdll By SAUL FRIEDMAN Inouirtrr Nozhinaton Bureau ? ? WASHINGTON. ?L Battles erupted yesterday among some of the investi- gators . of the Central Intelligence Agency and _other American spying :operations. Vice President Nelson Rockefeller and his commission gave their report on intelligence, activities to Presi- dent Ford but, under pressure from the White House and criticism from Senate investigator Frank Church, presented information on alleged CIA assassination plots in a separate re- port. Church, the Idaho Democrat who heads the Senate Select Committee on Intelligence, promised that he would investigate deeply and report on the assaSsination allegations. And his panel, continuing its regular closed hearings, met Yesterday with John McCone, who was CIA director when several of the murders alleg- edly sanctioned by the agency took place. . .- McCone acknowledged after the meeting that there were U. Sesaac- tioned plots against Fidel Castro in the early 1960s, but he said they were `!rninor" and ultimately were aban- doned. In Dark on Plots Carefully avoiding the word "as-I sassination," McCone said he knew nothing of the Castro. plots *although he was.CIA. chief at the time. But he argued that the "hysterical criti- cism" of CIA activities, in that era should be tempered by a realization of Castro's "violent" denunciation of the United States and his efforts to win all of Latin e America away from the Western bloc. Church said, however, that still-se- c:et evidence showed the assassin- problem was 'not confined" to Castro. Meanwhile, Chairman Lucien Nedzi ID., Mich.) of the 'House Select corn- uMttee on Intelligeoce, rejected an al- most unprecedented demand from fellow Democratic members that he resign or be removed from the chair- manship for allegedly being too close to the CIA. Nedzi said he was inclined to take the battle to the House floor, hut there weremdi_.ations that he and perhaps other im-Pninvgtd Eginiieleast-ZiostrinEr :aCIALIVP9'1,00901R000600090012-3 might step aside for the sake of the sassinations and attemptedPolitical invest' mtion. murders sponsored by the agency. SSaSSill ? In another development, a group of more than 200 former intelligence agents scheduled a meeting in subur- ban Washington last night to form the Association of Retired Intelli- gence Officers (ARIO) to help defend the CIA and other such American agencies. Denies CIA Role Former CIA operative David Atlee Phillips, who helped direct the 1973 coup in Chile, quit the agency to 1` form the group. He insisted the CIA had no offidial or unofficial connec- tion with it. Presidential Press Secretary Ron Nessen acknowledged that the White House had received the Rockefeller commission's 350-page report. Nessen explained that material on the alleged assassination plots ms separated because the commission had been formed only to investigate charges that the CIA, the FBI and other intelligence agencies had en- gaged in illegal domestic. spying. The official report included that evidence only, Nessen said. Nessen also refused to say when and in what form the report might be made public. .He said only that "it was never the. White House plan to release the report until the President read it." Ford had ordered Rockefeller to in- clude assassination allegations as part of his investigation. And he pledged that the report would be made public. Hints Conspiracg Nedzi said he ?-?,-as "mystified" by the sudden move against his chair- manship, apparently led by Robert N. Giaimo Ilse regu- lar who had been competing with Nedzi for control of the committee Democrats. Nadzi even hieiteLl that Ilk troubles might be 1_,:t LI of;piratorial at- tempts to discredit not only him hut the House investigation as well. "There .are strange things going on," Nedzi said, "and I don't know what's behind it." ? Nedzi had beer. accused by other Democrats of not having told them about a briefing he got from the CIA Ho zih an, ch ha we al rei ha beret on the House Armed Services Subcommittee on Intelligence Opera- tions. Taking his duties seriously, Nedzi became more familiar than anyone in Congress with the secrets of the CIA and other intelligence agencies. One-Man Quest He insisted that his one-man quest for information had resulted in more openness on the part of the agency, had uncovered some past abuses and. prevented new ones; But he said: "My subcommittee was rather conservative, and I got. the information from the agencies on condition that it not become public. Some of the information became pub- lic, at my request. But some did not, when I thought there were justifiable reasons. Every member of the Armed Services subcommittee had access to the information, and during the course of the current investiga- tion the new select committee would, have gotten it." Nedzi added that he had been cho-7 sen as chairman of the select corn-- mitte.e. at least partly because "of the briefings I had gotten and the knowl- ? edge I had. Now I'm being attacked for having gotten that knowledge: am mystified arid wonder why it's. happening." Uainto, who had not been es-ed in the CIA until recently, Was the lender in the effort to take the vestdOOrn MNEly from Nedzi 's ;t a new, select He also sought the chairmanship, al- Albert chose Nedzi. (;i:iimo vetoed Neclzi's choices for staff director of the sclect commit- tee, and sy,..cessfully pressured Nedzi )nto aporoying Searle Field,- from Gaimo's home state, Connecticut. 5 FORTUNE JUNE 1975 Approved For Release 2005/11/28 : CIA-RDP91-00901 000600090012-3 by Charles 1. V. Murphy In the hangman's atmosphere that currently envelops .the immediate pros- pects of the Central Intelligence Agency, an important point has been strangely overlooked. Why was this agency, so rich in intellectual talent, once full of ?n, now gravely wounded, created in the first place? The all-but-forgotten answer is that the CIA was brought into existence by Congress in 1947, at President Truman's request, for the straightforward purpose of preventing another such shocking lapse of vigilance as the one that made possible the disaster at Pearl Harbor, six years earlier. An inquiry by a joint committee of Congress that lasted through seven re- crimination-laden months, from No- vember, 1945, to May, 1946, elicited the embarrassing revelation that all the es- sential intelligence exposing Japan's preparations for war, even the departure of the Japanese fleet, had come into American hands before the attack. The failure to perceive what was in the mak- ing was found, in hindsight, to have re- No intelligence agency unless it can keep its op That's why the investiga is so dangerous for U.S. security. STA' suited from the. fact that no agency in the government had ever been charged with pulling such intelligence together. The fateful political and military clues, in jigsaw pieces, had all been col- lected by the State, War, and Navy de- partments, each in its own parochial in- terest, in the form of radio intercepts, diplomatic dispatches, and routine mili- tary intelligence reports. But no one office or person had the authority, or duty, to make a grand assessment for the President, one sharp enough to com- mand a siimmary alert. A question of Soviet intentions What makes the existing situation strange is that the primary task laid upon the CIA eighteen years ago?to be the watchman of national security?has never been more urgent than it is today. For example, the Soviet Union has in advanced development, even partly in deployment, the most powerful array of strategic nuclear weapons that the mili- tary technologies have so far produced. Secretary of Defense James Schlesinger, a professional strategic-weapons analyst not given to exaggeration, describes the array as "quite awesome." It includes four third-generation land-based ICBM prototypes, plus a fifth that has lately appeared on the test range; a bigger and, faster missile-armed submarine; and a supersonic bomber having an intercon- tinental capability. Four of the five ICBM's and the 4,500-mile submarine- launched missile have all been. MIRVed ?fitted, that is, with from four to eight independently targetable warheads. If the deployments of these weapons should proceed to the some 2,400ICBJ launchers sanctioned by the SAIII azreements of 1972 and 1974, and if ill; U.S. on the weapons it now has is place, the Russians can be expected t; end up, four or five years hence, with ; superiority in nuclear throw-weight fiv, times, perhaps even six times, greate than the U.S. will have in its order o battle-10 to 12 million pounds for th U.S.S.R. to only two million for the U.F. Weights and numbers in these magn1 tucks far surpass anything needed for Approved For Release 2005/11/28: CIA-RDP91-00901R000600090012-3 ornatinUOd Approved For Release 20M1 4MP91-00901R00 '61 MEMO IS CITED t Id the ? The memorandum, one source the matter was "immediately No Word on Assassination One source o said, went on to note tl:zat dismissed," but the wire service! ON CiArfilARIA TIE cthelv F.B.I.a fru? C.I.A.estd and re-. quoted two other sources who ! said that a memo was written ' Roselli. The memorandum, this pare contingency plans for the , source, . said, never mentioned "elimination" of Mr. Castro. I the words "assassination" or Several highly placed sources I "eliminate," a eupheiism for within the C.I.A. and other in- c re es. u t e source sal- e nineteen-sixties have said that telligence circles of the early assassination often used in spy i I B t h 600090012-3 is Said to Have Told Robert Kennedy of Link to 2 Racket Figures By NICHOLAS M. HORROCK Speclat to The New York Times WASHINGTON, May 29? Robert F. Kennedy knew 'as early as May 1, 1961, that the Central Intelligence Agency was secretly dealing with the Mafia, according to a Federal Bureau of Investigation memo- randum now in ,the hands of the Rockefeller commission and the Senate Select Commit- tee on Intelligence. ' The discovery of this new memorandum increases the mystery of whether senior members of the administration of President Kennedy, includ- ing his brother the Attorney General, ordered or approved an alleged C.I.A. plot to kill Cuban Premier Fidel Castro. It is part of a growing pat- tern of indications, mentioned in press reports over the last two weeks, that a plan to as- sassmate Mr. Castro was dis- cussed at the highest levels of I the Government in the early nineteen sixties and that, with or without approval, the intelli- gence agency recruited two men with organized crime con- nections to attempt one such operation. According to sources famil- iar with the investigation. J. Edgar Hoover, the director of the F.B.I., wrote a detailed se- cret memorandum to Robert Kennedy in May, 1961, assert- ing that during an investigation of two racket figures, Sam Gi- ancana and John Roselli, agents had turned up an apparent connection with the C.I.A. about the agency's dealings two days later by Mr. McNarna- I 'with Mr. Giancana and Mr. ra directing the C.I.A. to pre- 'with a as rea ent mvo ve ing a matter of such impor- tance to national security," he added. Another Capitol Hill source, however, said the committee had received some material that would be "embarrassing to the brothers Kennedy." David W. BeIin, counsel for! the Rockefeller commission; STAT also declined to comment. Mr. Hoover characterized the failed' the Bay of Pigs invasion - reported CIA. activities with failed, in April, 1961, there was Mr. Giancana and Mr. Roselli a major effort to get rid of The Memorandum is dated Mr. Castro. For instance, News- as "dirty business." week magazine reported that - almost a year before Robert a source described this as an Kennedy was given a briefing "effort of the Kennedy Adrni- by the intelligence agency on nistration." Authority Unclear In that briefing, covered in this same subject. testimony before the Rockefel- ler commission and in do- cuments, according to reliable sources, the Attorney General appeared to learn of the C.I.A.'s coup d'etat would have been dealings with the Mafia for brought to an operational level the first time arid- admonished without the authority of the the agency official briefing him Administration, but the public that the next time the C.I.A. record is by no means clear. wanted to deal with organized For instance, one source said - that crime it should come to him the top of the May, 1961, Most intelligence sources of the period appear to be anxious to stress that no plan for either', an assassination, kidnapping or mernorundum disclosed this; first. r .? 0 week, a note had been jotted' As a1962, briefing, the Attorney Ge- this May, ;in what he said was Robrt? neral gave Mr. Hoover further Kennedy's4, handwriting saying, Have this followed up vigor.; details on the C.I.A. operation and Mr. Hoover wrote a me- ?ousl.Y." and that the mernorane? /dum bore the handwritten ini-I morandum that was kept in F.B.I. files and was known only tials "RFK."AL The band- to select members of the top written note had apparently echelon of bureau for many been retyped by someone in: years. the same period as the memo Concern on Blackmail was written, the source said, TBat memorandum, authori- apparently to make the note tative sources disclosed last week, is also in the hands clear to readers. But there is no evidence yet public that of the rockefeller commission, which is looking into Intel- it was "followed up vigorously" ligence operations. It reported- or what action was taken, if ly contained Mr. Hoover's cone any. cern that Mr. Giancana could A spokesman for the Senate "blackmail" the Uetidn States committee declined to comment Government.% on whether the committee had The Associated Press report- any specific evidence. ed last week what appears to This has been the conunittees be another piece of this puzzle. general response, But the It quoted authoritative sources spokesman went on to pe'n' who said the Rockefeller core out that the panel felt that mission had obtained the ml- "these leaks are outrageous" flutes of a meeting on Aug. and that the question of vv-he- 10, 1962, attended by Secretary ther there was a national policy of Defense Robert S. McNama- to assassin.ate foreign leader-S., ra, Secretary of State Dean or a plot against A.Ir. Castro, Rusk, John A. McCone. then should be investigated carefully Director of Central Intelligence, ' and thoroughly. and McGeorge Bundy, President ; "Any partial analysis of Kennedy's adviser for national evidence is dangerous and security affairs. The meeting. harmful," he said. TNe corn-, the A.P. report said, included rnittees" investigation will non a "discussion" of killing Mr. put "reputations in jeopardy' Castro. Approved For Release 2005/11/28 : CIA-RDP91-00901R000600090012-3 NEW YORK TIMES 21+ MAY 1975 Approved For Release.2005/11/28wMannimMtkirepeniVs, lo.ut. or, disapprove .'62 CIA. C th astro Plot Reported .Central Intelligence Ag pre- lam. ebr?"ert operations, is source said, but the plan pared ency! "contingency r iFollowincr Talks at White House not approved and did not lte House Ps for te assassination of go forward. Cuban Premier Fidel Castro as lanh This assassinationversion Castro ofthpelorterifrfteerds a result of White Ilouse discus - By NICHOLAS M. HORROCK c.."...?1s Th.. VisW York Tiffin Approved For Release 2005/11/28: sions, former agency officials have told the Rockefeller Com- mission, which is looking into Federal intelligence operations. According to a former senior intelligence official, the com- mission was told that this "con- tingency" planning included "feelers" being put out to two 'organized crime figures, Sam Giancana and John Roselli. The plans. one source said, were examined after top-level offi- cials in the White House of President Kennedy indicated a , desire to have the question of assassinating Mr. Castro ex- amined as one possible solution to the growing Cuban problem in 1961 and1962. McGeOrge Bundy, then assis- tant tothe President for nation- al security, affairs, told news- men several weeks ago that whi-e House officials did have discussions of "how nice it would be if this or that leader" were not around any more: The former intelligence offi- possible illegal domestic oper- cial, who declined to be identi- ations of the C.I.A. Mr. Ford fied, said this sort of informal White House thought had re- later expandedi the role of the commission to include an in- sulted in "contingency planning quity-.. into alleged plots to kill a--., C.I.A." , He emphasized that . what foreign leaders. . White - House officials might One source said that several of these men had given the have regarded as informal re- commission details confirming that a plan to kill Mr. Castro had been drawn up. What ap- pears to be uncertain to the commission is who in the Ken- nedy Administration authorized such a plan to be devised. Earlier today, Senator Frank Church, Democrat of Idaho, warned that Congres might pas a law to bar future assas- sination plots against foreign leaders even if they were or- dered by a President. Mr.. Church, chairman of the Senate Select Committee on In- telligence, said: "My own per- sonal view is that it is simply intolerable that any agency of the Government of the United, States may engage in murder.! Demands Ban in Law I "Therefore, if the facts were. to lead the committee to con- tempt, but that they were never dude that there had been ac- !approved by anyone in author- tivitv of this kind, we will not , leave it to executive decision, ity and did not go forward. , ? According to the source who but we will insist that the lav,-.s ibe so written that such activiy !discussed what the Rockefellerlnever occurs again." commission was told, the agen- Las Tuesday, The New York Times reported that the Rocke- feller commission had obtained documentary evidence from Justice Department files indi? cating that the C.I.A. had em. dent Kennedy participated intployed Mr. Giancana and Mr, such discussions. The details of the reported David W. Belin, counsel to cWIVR14-"itibecapot!) .. 1 , ? ? . ns- Asormmission, declined to 214.3on that report at the 54/12 Committee, a predeces-itime. Neither he nor commis- sor of the 40 Commitee, a su-ision spokesmen were avaii!No in emphasis from versions pub- lished in several articles by Jack Anderson, the syndicated columnist. In those accounts, the C.I.A. recruited Mr. Gian- cana and Mr. Roselli. and Mr. Roselli made two attempts on the Cuban Premier's life. s According to the former ch-t finial, the White House dis-r, cussions involved "the highest level" of the Administration and would not have been hon- ored otherwise. And he said, it was "handled on the highest level" at the C.I.A. During this period. Mr.' Bundy was the senior adviser for national security at the White House. The operational command for covert operatIons was held by Richard Bissell un- til early 1962 and Richard Helms after that. ? All these men, with Mr. Mc-, Cone, have testified before the, Rockefellr commission, a blue- ribbon panel appointed. by' President Ford to investizaie !marks would have been treated ias a former request by the !C.I.A. I Reports Subject Dismissed [The Associated Press I quoted its sources as saying i that minutes of a meeting on Aug. 10, 1962, showed that it was attended by Secretary of . Defense Robert S. McNamara, Secretary of State Dean Rusk, John A. McCone, Director of Central Intelligence, and Mr. Bundy. "The subject of killing Castro was raised and imme- diately dismissed," one source Iwho had seen the minutes was quoted a having said.] Mr. McCone, who was direc- tor of the C.I.A. in late 1961 and 1962, has told reporters in the past that plans were formu- lated for an assassination at- cy did not formulate these plans "on its own" but was op- erating as the result of White House discussions, He declined to comment on whether Presi- rnrcnrept tyrn77e. nnl;r?vs -r-r? e _ MAY NIS 2r2g1nR000600090012-3 Approved For R .00 eilkifiEOXAMIC e was ken bet era: grand jury in 194 granted immunity but fused to answer q4aesti ? Federal judge ordere Giancana jaded andel ? contempt for the life grand jury. Mr. Giancan. Files Said to Link Mafia O.!.A.Zn61 Castro Piot By NICHOLAS 14. 1-1ORROCK SPKiii Vie Ne gr 'COM Tyros WASHINGTON, May I9?The ? According to Mr. Anderson's Rockefeller commission has version, Mr. Roselli, with C.I.A. heip. organized one attempted assassination of the Cuban leader in which agents were armed with poison capsules ? learned of documents support- ing the charge that, the Central ? Intelligence Agency contracted with the Mafia in a plot in supplied by the agency. In anel 1961 to kili Cuban Premier Fi- other . attempt, these reports' del Castro, authoritative sources -, said, the group tried to Mtn- . reported. today. . trate rifle sharpshooters into - According to these sources; Cuba to kill Mr. Castro during a public meeting. a former top official of the The sources familiar with the existing files said they did not know if the files went into such detail. But they do confirm that both Mr. Giancana and Mr. Ro- sen! had been working with the C.I.A. at the time, these sources said: One source said the file con- tained a memorandum signed Chicago rackets chief, and .John by S. Edgar Hoover. the late Roselli, a soldier .of fortune. director of the F.B.I. in which Mr. Hoover discussed whether with organized crime connec-. ? Mr. Giancana's C.I.A. connec- ? tions, in a plot -to assassinate ? tions may have protected hint i Mr. Castro. from-the full weight of a Jus-1 ? The existence of the dotal- tic:, Department prcaecution Department of Justice during the Nixon Administration has itold the commission in secret testimony that -department files contain Federal Bureau of In- ? Vestigation. memorandums that confirm that the C.I.A. was in touch with Sam Giancana, a . i meras s the first public , in the raid-nineteen-sixties. An. i Lion that there is written ma- other snurce said the files I tenet to support a long-stand- showed that Mr. Rosen re- ing allegation that the agency lationship with the intelligence agency came up &ring art in. conspired with organized crime vestigation of hirn ? by the JU:5- !figures in such an assassination tire Department. attempt. The file, the sources sato, has been found and is now in the hands of John C. Keeney. Acting Assistant Attorney Gen- There is no information available from present sources whether the assassination at-I- tempt was approved by Presi- dent' :Kennedy . pr any other high. Kennedy Adrninistratien eral for the department's Crime official. Two former aides to inal Division. - ? Robert F. Kennedy, Attorney Mr. Keeney is expected to General at the time, Old the transfer ' the documents to the ' New York Times several mon ihs commission, which is looking . ? h,go that Mr. Kennedy told.them - ? ? 113 dent Reckefellea also declined' - f racket figures. ? ? 1 about the C.I.A. plotting with Kennedy r told them he had i sky and Pete Edelman said Mr. I In interviews, AdamWolin. : .. Plot 'Turned Off . . : Leto Government intelligence operations. He declined to com- ment on the matter. David w. elin, chief counsel to the corn- _ mission headed by Vice Presi- found out about the plot and 1 to comment. This has been "turned it off." . standard practice for the come ? The alleged assassination j :715.5100. 1 plots took place in 1961, ac- ; As early as I967, Jack An-; cording to several sources and l d.erson, ti':: i -:..ii,uted col :mr.-. Press reports.. . 1 In ? the mid-nineteen-sixties '1 .:sc. r d eport,: allegations thatl both Mr. Ciancani ar.d Mr. Robert A. 2;,lahau, a former) selli were the subjects of ,4 I F.B.I. agent and manager of Las organized crime prosecuticris l ' 'gas propErcies for the billion- by the Justice Department in aire licrx-7r.1 Ft. Huthhes. recruit- separate cases. Mr. Giancana was the. subject of a big inves- tigation by the United States Attorney for ChiC3g0, then Edward V. Hanrahan, and- the fie;c1 oltice_of the F.R.L Approved ior i?elease zu05/11 2 ed Mr. Giancana and Mr. Rosel-1 li in a p:ot to ?assessinate Mr.i Castro. . I . 12 months in the Cook . jail as a resUlt. He raft talk. After his release, Mr. ban recommended that grand jury be called al Glancana be given fm and jailed again if he ? to answer questions. n tice Department decided wise and the proseetitic ? halted. Mr.. Glattcattft ? moved to Maxim According to SOUrCes f with the content of thi Mr. Hoover Warne con that Mr. Glaricana had ri preferential treatment t of his connection we C.I.A. ? 1 Mr. Hemet .these !said. noted in the me dums that Attorney I Kennedy had told him t. ? Giancana hed cooperate the C.I.A. and that if the put too much pressure greatly he could corn; the agency. Nevertheless, several said the C.I.A. connectio not a factor in the midd, decision to malt the prosecu- tion. William Hundley, a Wash- ington lawyer formerly. in charge of the organized crime section at Justice, said thf. deci- sion not to bring Mr. Giancana before a new grand jury had been made purely because the department felt this would be harassment ard would rest on. shaky legal ground. lie said that at the time he had no . knewledge of Mr. Giancana's reported connec- g dons with the Cd.A.: and that U no one above him in the de- partment had attempted to put pressure on him. ? Rosen! Convicted ? It- was also in the mid- ninety-sixties that Mr. Roselli came under Justice Department scrutiny. He was convicted of failing to register as an alien and of conspiracy to?rie card games at Los Angeles' ?Friars Club. Mr. Roselli's lawyert at one point sought to get clemency for the foremr gambler on the grounds of his cooperation withj the intelligence agency. A source said that files within the Justice DePartment both men coed the requiest for clem ency nod confirmed the rola- tionsliip between Mr. Roseili and the C.I.A. This source said there was no indcation that. Mr. Roselli received clemency for his work. PA5FAVir. qtqlt"'00009001?9 8titeM r / TAT [vane." a source. familiar Waft: this sCenario saie.. Orgenited, ? crime leaders would privately. take credit. to support this! story, it was said. . ? . Top Administration sources- hive cautioned that it would be very dangerous "to specu- late on whether the plot to kill Mr. Castro was ever approved. . on the White. House level of government. ? 'Several witnesses before Lhei. Rockefeller commission have, . said that assassinations picitsi ?may have 'been "discussed" alt. various -levels of government but were not approed. John A. McCone, who. was the C.I.A. director during this period, has said that wheneer the assassi- nativri of Mr. Castro was brought up :It was rejected immediately." The Rockefeller commission was assigned to investigate re- ported plots to assassinae for- eign leaders afer President Ford became concerned about hi- - NEWSWEEK Approved For RelecipMATIOS Nom On the job: An Ali-America cargo plane unloading at an airstrip in Laos, 192 _ Mothballs: Reserve planes at the intermountain Aviation field in Arizons How the CIA Does t began as a blend of patriotism ancl old have become more effective, the 1 school spirit. Back in 1961, an Arling- been a drastic cutback in the prop ton, Va., lawyer named L. Lee Bean was network; significantly, NawswE. contacted by a former classmate at the learned that the CIA's biggest University of Virginia. The old chum had company, the Washington-based an intriguing proposition: would Bean Corp., has trimmed 90 per centof: help the U.S. Government setup several . since 1970. But given the CIA's companies to de- special work in the and proclivities, there is no was( P91-00901R000600090012-3 interest of national security? = the network couldn't expand again if it ? With the approval ofhis partners, Bean seemed useful. And in any case, the agreed. Next he was directed to a promi- proprietaries are a fertile field for the nent Boston lawyer, Paul Hellrnuth at multiple investigations of the agency's -the firm of Hale and Dorr, who provided activities now gaining momentum on the actual instructions on incorporation Capitol Hill. and operation. In short order, Bean's furn DESCENDANTS OF TIGERS was a mailing address for two newly minted concerns: Anderson Security In their heyday, the agency's proprie. Consultants and Zenith Technical En- taries helped bomb villages in the Con- terprises. Anderson provided security go, fly mercenaries and supplies into services for various other U.S. firms Laos and train Tibetan guerrillas for (destroying classified documents, inves- sneak attacks on China. They also pub- iigating employees) while Zenith, bead- lished books, broadcast propaganda and quartered in a deserted blimp base on provided "cover" for CIA agents in their the campus of the University of Miami, own news agencies and free-wheeling conducted a variety of anti-Castro propa- public-relations firms in the U.S. and ganda and paramilitary operations. What around the world. Even with the current both companies had in common?be- cutbacks, a hard core of proprietaries sides Bean?was that they were wholly remains?including, NEWSWEEK has owned domestic subsidiaries of the U.S. learned, a small news service in Europe, Central Intelligence Agency. a company supplying technical services Bean's case is just one example of how in the Middle East, and Fairways Corp., the CIA over the years built a a small Washington airline. And agency multimillion-dollar commercial empire veterans suggest that the phasing out is a of diverse and deftly disguised "propri- sign that the CIA is shifting to tactics that etary" companies--owned by the ikency avoid the long-term costs of large pro- . version and secret propaganda activities. That office quickly attached itself to the recently created Central Intelligence Agency, where it was known officially as the Plans Division and unofficially as the "Department of Dirty Tricks." . Over the next two years, the agency took increasing control of an unusual Far East airline?Civil Air Transport-- which had been formed by seasoned veterans of Air Force Gen. Claire Chen- - mules daredevil Flying Tigers. CAT's . risky missions to harass mainland Com- munists were financed at first by the - Chinese Nationalists, then by the Ameri- can Airdale Corp. Airdale soon meta- morphosed?in the corporate records of Delaware?into the Pacific Corp., subse- quently revealed as a linchpin of OA proprietaries. Soon other proprietaries came under the umbrella of Pacific Corp., including a number of ostensibly independent firms whose role as CIA covers was later blown by a series of journalistic exposes and books such as former agent Philip Agee's "CIA Diary" and "The CIA and "itself?to help carry out Apprtaoved trier liteiteaties2005414281fAl"-RDY,,,,}019v JAhl:d4.43151_.'W-6Muie- by John Marks many of its most clandestine operations. may be the recently revealed sub-raising and A . NA- artirMit -Victor Marchetti. In recent years, as embarrassing public- efforts by the mystery ship Glomar .Ex- Among the first proprietaries: }Inc snread olorer?ooerated for the CIA by Howard a Air America, which grew from CAT's WAS Approved For Releasieiz 1W-RDP91-00901R0 Oswald and the KGB Soviet Security -Vetoed His Return in '63 By Daniel Schorr see= Zo wa...,1-...126&on past On Feb. 4, 1964, ten weeks after President Kennedy's assassination, Lt. Col. Yuri ivanovich Nosenko of the XGI3 (Soviet state seturitY) -defected to the Unit ed States. ire Geneva. He said, among other things, that he had handled the file on Lee Harvey Oswald since the ex- Marine's arrival in Moscow in 19.19. Brought to the United States by the Central Intel- ligence Agenc y, Nosenko was turned over to the FBI onFeb. 26, 1964, for ;ev- eral days of interrogation about Oswald, who the War- ren Commission said acted alone- irt as.sassinatingeKeue nedy in Dallas on .,N,ove 1963:__ The ir.terrOgatiottere-- port?part- of the Warren Commission's sear et sne? but never cited hr many or in conclusions?has been declassified. This- ac- count is taken from Nosen- ko's interrogation. _ Nosenko- painted a picture.: ot Soviet security officers so leery of Oswald, who- they- considered mentally unstable and possibly "sleeper"_ American -agent, that they :need to- get-Mm- out of the country and veto- ed his return when he ap- plied in Mexico City in Sep- tember, 1963. The security officer said that art inspection of the Soviets' file after the Dal- las murder started a Krem- lin flap that reached as high as Premier Nikita S. Khrush- ciaev when a notation -was found indicating that a- KGB? officer in Minsk, in violation of instructions, might have tried to recruit Oswald be.. fore his return to the United States. Accordint: to Nosenko, it , was With relief that it was I finally concluded that the ! cetry was a self-serving lie by a bureaucrat, who was ig-; norn nt of the im plicatIons. Noseitko', ?filer to testify in secret i)efore the Warren . Commission was declined. John McCune. then director of the CIA. told this re- 0600090012-3 -ligence officers suspected Deciding that Oswald -s-via I ' The inv Nosenkoeraight be a plant. to "of no interest to the KGB" eluded that the KGB "had exonerate the Soviets a and "somewhat abnormal." no personal contact with Os- STAT conspiracy. ? : When McCone appeared before the Warren Commis- sion with his deputy, Riche'', ard Helms, -in June, 1964,. they said that there was "no evidence" of a Soviet con- spiracy in Kennedy's assassi- nation. But they did not say .they might have evidence to the contrary. Rep. Gerald R. Ford, a Nosenko had the Intourist weld and had not attempted guide advise Oswald that he ? to utilize him in any man- would have to leave when , ner." The entry about trying his tourist visa. expired. s! to "influence Oswald" was After slashing his wrist in ; attributed to the KGB In 2 Moscow hotel, Oswald was Minsk, "unaware of the in- taken to a hospital, where ternational significance of an evaluation of "mental in- ', Oswald's activities . . . re- stability" was made; Despite ? porting their endeavors to -0- swald's finTat to try sue. influence Oswald as a self- cide again if he had to leave serving effort to irapress the the. country, the KGB ad- KGB enter " 1 vised. his expuLsion, but later Nosenko said "the Oswald member of the Warren Com- mission, asked, "Is the Cen-1 learned that some other au- affair was a source of great e for KGB headguar- tral Intelligence Agency continuing any investigation into this area?" McCOne replied, "No, be- cause at the present-time we- Minsk. - - have no-informatietrier -our- es ...The KGrafilessetrOswahl - -- liaadOswaki as an agent". _ filesn__ that we' have: not. ex e transfen-ede to; Minsk . Schorr- is a CBS. News- , 'aaestivelY.-?inveeftatet atittelfwith-a cover-letter' contain- ? Ciserespendente - - disposed of ,to our satisface t jag instructions that the __- lien- . ? ? ICGR. there "take. me-action.. Today; McCone-Isays- that concerning Oswald except ta. Nosenko's bona fides ?-"suire." "'passively' observe his activi- ? sequently were proven' ties to make sure he was not f the CIA' that. the-iir, agent tempoearily,dormant2! and that "it isnoday the posq a 'United States intelligence Rion o is formation. s giveten: by Nce- ..- The next.. tieneeNosenkte senko was-- correct.? Within- heard...of Oswald was in Sep- the agency, it is understoode4 tember, 1963., .when. Oswald that is still. a--subject. of. di se applied for a re-entry visa at the-Soviet embassy' in Alex-. ice- City. An exchange of me- nios between the foreign In- telligence and domestic in- tethgence directorates of the KGB resulted in a deci- sion that Oswald "not be granted permission to re- turn to the Soviet Union." Two hours after Kenne- strongly worded. dy's assassination, Nosenko Not only did Nosenko was called into a KGB office deny any Soviet conspiracy, . and asked about Oswald. He but he said he knew of "no telephoned Minsk for a sum- Cuban involvement in th-i- mary of Oswald's file. The assassination,'r summary contained a .nota- The account contained in tion that the KGB in Minsk three interrogations of No- had tried to "Influence Os- seek? by the FBI can be wald in the right direction." summarized as follows: I That stirred further inves- As deputy chief of a KGB ligation, and the entire file counterintelligence section was flown to Moscow by mil- dealing with American and itary plane. Vladimir Semi- British tourists, Nosenko re. . chastny, chairman of the calved a report from an In- KGB, v,-as obliged to report tourist guide. after Oswald's to the party central commit- arrival in Moscow. saying tee and to Khrushchev. thority?the foreign minis- ters, where a large staff was try or the Red Cross-.-per- assembled.and records were mitted him to stay in the So- reviewed "to make certain viet Union and sent him to that the KGB had not uti- pute. Whether:- the Nosenko port would have affected the conclusions of the War- ren Commission is hard to judge. Some former staff members said the conclu- sion that there was "no evi- dence" of a conspiracy might have been more Oswald wanted to stay per- manently and become a So- viet citizen, STAT p:Jrter that his counterintel- Approved For Release 2005/11/28 : CIA-RDP91-00901R000600090012-3 r, Approved For ReUEOX ... ? ? Kissinger Denies Involvement In Domestic Spying by By NICHOLAS M. HORROCH t 'MAY V.8 awr??-00901R0u06000uuu12-3 " Spedal to The New York Times outside Of the National Security-r' WASHINGTON, May 5--Sec- -.Council and that these channels! retary of State Kissinger said from 1970 until 1973 as an.could have included President, today that he and the National Security Council had had no involvement in any domestic operations of -the Central In- telligence Agency and that he had never "transmitted" to the agency any feeling of concern About domestic s,ecurity an the port of President Nixon. His statement was made to ,reporters after he testified be- fore the Rockefeller Commis- sion, which is investigating the C.I.A. Richard Helms, former direc- tor of Central Intelligence had said in January that domestic erations were conducted in raponse to Presidential con- i cern that foreign influences were Controlling the domestic antiwar movement. 1 Mr. Kissinger's statement, raised the question of whether the C.I.A.'s operations were outside the chain of command suggested by the National Secu- rity Act of 1947, which calls upon the C.I.A. to -"peitorin such other functions and duties related te inelligence affecting ithe national security as the !National Security Council may from time to time direct." The present C.I.A. chief, William E. Colby, said in Janu- 'ary that the agency conducted domestic intelligence gathering outgrowth Of Presidential con- Nixon himself. Mr. Kissinger also disavowed today any knowledge of alleged assassinations b ythe C.I.A. Each of the day's other wit- nesses?a former C.I.A. chief, John A. McCone, Secretary of Defense James M., Schlesinger, and a former White House aide, Walt Rostow --- were asked about assassinations. All denied direct knowledge, Mr. McCone said that during his term of office there was "abso- lutely no assassination DIU 07 authorized, assassination plot against Castro by the Cuban Prerriier, [Fidel Castro] or any other foreign leader." Today's session was one of the last two In which the com- mission will hear witnesses. It has begpn to prepare its report, which is scheduled to be given to President Ford on June 6. Mr. Schlesinger said what he recalled, from his internal in- vestigation of C.I.A., indicated that what authorizations came in the summer of 1971 came through "channels other than the N.S.C." The concern of . the Nixon Administration with domestic radicals was synthesized in a plan written by John Charles Huston, then a White House aide, in the summer of 1970. The plan had been contributed to by members of the major intelligence agencies. It would have authorized, with Presiden- tial approval, the use of bur- glaries, mail covers and elec- tronic surveillance, to gather in- tellegence about the domestic radical movement.. The plan was in effect for five days, but was rescinded when the late J. Edgar Hoover . refused to allow the F.B.I. to be !involved. It was not the only period in which the C.I.A. has conducted domestic intelligence, ;according to Mr. Colby, the !agency head. cern over radical activities. This concern was expressed! in the so-called Tuston plan, a proposed attack on radical movement that included bur- glaries, electronic surveillance and mail covers, which was prepared in 1970 but not im- plemented. The C.I.A., Mr. Colby has said, continued to gather information !and main- tain files on Americans even though the plan was not adopted. ? The National Security Coun- cil, a national security advisery body, and the 40 committees are the 'normal conduits for commands to for in- stance, covert activity abroad is conducted either with the express approval of the 40 Committee or under the power of executive orders issued through the council. (The 40 Committee includes representa- tives from the Major agencies of .the intelligence community, Mr. Kissinger and members of the council. But today, under questioning, Mr. Kissinger said that "since I have been in Washington., the National Security Council or the National Security Council staff .or the Assistant to the President for National Security Affairs did not concern them- selves with domestic intelli- gence or were not informed about domestic inteligence. Mr. Kissinger has directed the council since 1969 and his tenure covered the years 1970 until 1973, during which Mr. Colby sai dthat part of the domestic intelligence operation took place. Vice President Rckefeller said today that there were other ,channels of cammand between the White House and the C.I.A. ? Approved For Release 2005/11/28: CIA-RDP91-00901R000600090012-3 .0 MAY lair Approved For RelearekhOT51140ERZIMiti'91-00901R0006000uum 2-3 Kissir er denies links to an CIA death nIots Washington (AP) ? The Se. cretary of State, Henry A. Kis- singer, yesterday denied having any involvement in alleged Central Intelligence Agency do- menticspyir,g or foreign assas- sination plots. "Since I have been in Wash- ington, the National Security Council or the National Securi-- ty Council staff or the ? assistant to the President for national se- curity affairs did not concern themselves with domestic intel- ligence or were informed about domestic intelligence," Mr. Kis- singer told reporters after a two-hour-closed-door session with the Rockefeller commis- sion. Asked about allegations of CIA assassination plots, Mr. Kissinger chuckled and :said, "None of those allegations per- tain to any period of which I have personal knowledge." The Defense. Secretary, James It Schlesinger, who headed the agency briefly in 173, also testified and later told reporters that "as- sassination has not been used as a tool by the CIA at any time." However, Mr. Schlesinger said he would have "no com- ment on allegations regarding Rhe assassination of) foreign leaders" and added that "there are questions here that the commission and the appropri- ate congressional bodies may wish to review." Asked whether the CIA had undertaken domestic surveil lance in response to White House pressure, Mr. Schlesin- ger said, "My recollection ... is that indeed there were expres- sions of interest on the part of senior officials of the govern- ment." Asked if .these expressions came from Mr. Kissinger, who ordinarily would direct CIA covert activities, Mr. Schlesin- ger indicated that the requests for domestic surveillance "came through channels other than nationnl security chan- nels." Vice Prcsidcnt Rockefeller, the commission chairman, 'briefing reporters on the day's !session, confirmed that "there were many channels from the !White House to the CIA" but refused to supply details or state where requests for domes- tic surveillance had originated. Walt W. Rostow, Mr, Kissin- ger's predecessor as national security adviser, also appeared before the commission but - I declined any comment on his !testimony. ? - John A. McCone, the central intelligence director during the early DSO's, also testified be- fore the eight-member commis- sion investigating allegations of CIA domestic wrongdoing. Mr. McCone later told re- porters he had to "plead ignor- ance" in response to questioas about alleged plots against the life of Cuban. Premier ? Fidel Castro. "During my term of off- ice, there was no, absolutely no. assassination plot or authorived assassination plot against Cas- tro or any other foreign lead- er," McCone said. Mr. Kissinger was asked by ? repoilers about the future of a former CIA director, rtichard M. Helms, now Ambassador to Iran. "Helms will ruoain am- bassador to Iran," Mr.Kissinger said. "I have complete confid- ence in him." Last January, Mr. Helms ac- knowledged publicly that a spe- cial counter-intelligence unit was set up within the CIA in re- sponse to presidential concern! that domestic unrest was ;Attu- from abroad. Approved For Release 2005/11/28 : CIA-RDP91-00901R000600090012-3 C WASHINGTON STAR Approved For Release629,(151111?2it : CIA-R0P91-00901R0006 0090012-3 0 By Jeremiah O'Leary Wasturtaron Star Staff Writes' . The finality of Defense ' Secretary James R. Schles- - inger's declaration that the , ? CIA has never resorted to assassination could be con- strued as reinforcinF the , contention of administra- tion sources that the agency discussed and knew about , political murder plots but , never was involved in a suc- cessful one. Schlesinger made his statement late yesterday after, testifying before the Rockefeller commission , investigating illegal domes- tic activities of the CIA. He emerged from his closed-door appearance ? and, unlike some former CIA officials, appeared al- most eager to set the record straight. He said, "Let me make it very clear now that assassination has not been Analysis He as Schlesinger refused to comment directly on re- ports of CIA involvement in plots to assassinate foreign leaders, but he said appro- priate review bodies such as the Rockefeller commis- sion and the congressional committees will want to re- view those issues. THE SUM of Schiesing- 's d strongly supportive of state- ments to The Star by White House and CIA officials that ' , the agency knew of, and even discussed, political murder but never was in- I volved in a successful one. This leaves open the implication that the CIA may have had direct in- volvement in plots for politi- cal murder that did not suc- ceed -- for example, perhaps plots against Fidel Castro, whose death was certainly desired by many Cubans. It is even more suggestive that the CIA 'knew of such plots but was used as a tool by the CIA at not directly involved. any time, and I don't think that applies prospectively any more than it does retro- spectively." THE FORMER CIA . director was even more em- phatic in denying CIA in- volvement in the slaying of President John F. Kennedy. "The suggestion of any CIA involvement is prepos- terous," Schlesingtr said. "It is psychologically and intellectually impossible -that the CIA could in any. ?way be involved in the tragic event." He said any such sugges- tions could only emanate from sick imaginations. The agency's whole role, he ? said, has been to serve and protect the United States and its leaders. Commission officials said yesterday that the group, appointed by President Ford and headed by Vice President Nelson A. Rocke- feller, is nearing the end of the labors it began last February. The hearings will be completed Monday, and then the commission will begin writing its report and recommendations for the President. THE REPORT is to be handed to Ford on June 4 and will be releasedWiEliC7- ly soon after that. At that. stage. the Senate Intelli- gence Committee, headed by Sen. Frank Church, D- Idaho, will commence its hearings into the activities of all American intelligence agencies. Its House coun- terpart is almost totally. dormant. 0 111 ass] e denied having any knowl- edge or involvement in ei- ther alleged CIA domestic spying or foreign assassina- tion plots. -Since I' have been in Washington, the National Security Council or the NSC staff, or the assistant to the president for national se- curity affairs (ICissinger's other title) did not concern themselves with domestic intelligence; nor were they informed about domestic intelligence," Kissinger de- clared. Asked about allegations of CIA assassination plots, Kissinger said none of those allegations pertain to the period of_ his service in Washington from 1968 until the present. ANOTHER WITNESS yesterday, former CIA Director John A. McCone (19614965) said, "During my term of office, there was no, absolutely no assassina- tion plot against Castro or any other foreign leader.. McCone Said such plots were not consistent with the moral values of the United States or the CIA. Also testifying yesterday Approver4vEgrfithssasey2a015$1108 : CIA-R0P91-00901R000600090012-3 Henry A. Kissinger. He PENTHOUSE APRIL 1975 Approved For Release 2005/11/28 : CIA-RDP91-00901 000600090012-3 STAT TO OWN THEM IS TO KNOW THEM-- NELSON ROCKEFELLER ON THE CIA When Gerald Ford chose Nelson Rockefeller to be his vice president, he was quick to point out that his nominee would come in handy. Rockefeller, Ford assured the evening news, was a man of many talents. The president told no lies. Nelson Rockefeller comes in handy just about anywhere he's used. Less than a month after his confirmation the new vice president found a ready outlet for his skills. The Central Intelligence Agency was accused of spying stateside, and Rocke- feller was called upon to head the Blue Rib- bon Commission to Investigate the CIA. Ford was sure that Rockefeller was just the man to sort the charges out. A few folks have cried foul, pointing to the former New York gover- nor's five-year stint on the committee that oversees the agency he is now to investigate. But Rockefeller views his appointment differ- ently. His prior job was, he explained, all part of hs "working knowledge of intelligence," and a central resource bra man conducting investigations such as the Blue Ribbon Com- mission. That kind of working knowledge shouldn't be squandered. If itweren't for his family's business, Nelson Rockefeller might not know nearly as much about intelligence as he does. The Rockefel- tars' business is money--its management and its accumulation. In three generations the family has bought control of 250 billion dol- lars worth af corporations. It has also cor- rere.d one-half of the total of American private :nvestments in Asia, Africa, and Latin Amer- :a. Inevitably, the ClAand the family business orpssed paths early in the agency's career. ;wen Dulles was appointed airector of the CA in 1953-1"e cane to government service st.ra.ght from a ;.ci as.a Rockefeller lawyer. That same year, tne CIA, worried that the ex- .isting Iranian government might nationalize foreign investments, engineered a coup and *replaced the premier with a former Nazi. Short- ly thereafter, Standard Oil, the foundation of the Rockefellers' family business, began to tap Iranian oil reserves. In 1961, the same script Was acted out in the Congo?Patrice Lumumba, that country's premier, was mur- dered by his own army and replaced by a sol- dier named Mobutu. In the aftermath of the Congolese revolution, David Rockefeller, chairman of Chase Manhattan Bank and Nel- son's brother, led ari expedition of business- men into Mobutu-land to explore the "invest- ment climate," It must have been good. Using Rockefeller financing, Pan Am acquired the local airline, AT&T built a subsidiary. Esso drilled for oil, and Standard of Indiana went into the copper business. The next CIA director, John McCone, took over the reins of intelligence after working as a Standard Oil attorney, Following McCone's appointment the familiar pattern of CIA inter- vention in foreign governments recurred. Sal- vador Allende, the first Communist president in Chile's history, was overthrown by a CIA- financed coup in 1973. The year before, Al- lende had expropriated the Anaconda copper mines, an important wing of the Rockefellers' family business.1-1E;nry Kissinger?chairman of the security council that approved, and may even have ordered, CIA intervention in Chile ?is a longtime Rockefeller family employee. With a background like that, Nelson Rocke- feller is establishing a whole new level of ex- pertise in government service. He is also in- suring himself of a lot of work in the future. It will be nearly impassible to convene any more commissions without calling on Nelson Rockefeller's mass of -working knowledge." The commission on high interest rates will certainly need the counsel of a man whose Approved For Release 2005/11/28 : CIA-RDP91-0090 family controls 20 percent of the banks in the United States. It would be foolish to pass over his experience. And the commission on gas prices is a natural, too. The Rockefeller family has controlling interests in Standard, Mobil, Amoco, Arco, Esso, American, Citgo, Exxon, arid Humble oil companies. If Gerald Ford decides to take on the insur- ance companies, we can all rest easy knowing he has expe.rt help. The Rockefellers have their hands on one-quarter of all the life in- surance sold in this country. After that we can look forward to the Blue Ribbon Commission on Consumer Prices. With Nelson Rockefeller in the adininistratiori. Gerald Ford has the inside track here as well. The vice president is one of the owners of Mazola Corn Oil, Karo Syrup, Kleenex, Nue() Margarine, Kotex Sanitary Napkins, SkipPY Peanut Butter, Best Food Mayonnaise, Orange Crush, ansd the American Sugar Company. It's hard to imagine that tha commission on corporate taxat4en would get far without the man whose company, Standard Oil of Ohio. earned SO6 million lastyear and Paid no taxes. Or that the commission on the distribution of wealth would be complete without the leader- ship of a man whose family's personal fortune is larger than the total worth of 100 million Americans. And just think how useful the vice president could be to the commission on ur- ban renewal and safer neighborhoods. The Rockefeller Poeantico Hills estate, which is staffed oy five hundred servants and protect- ed by thirty-five armed guards, covers five square miles and is surrounded by electric barbed wire. Living like that must have taught Nelson Rockeje;ler a fot It s a shame not to put his knowiedge to good use. Gerald Ford made a shrewd appointment:STAT whatever the sub.ect. Ne:son Rockefeller knows it ICke he owns it.?Davia Harris R000600090012-3 WASHINGTON POST " 17 PAR 1975 A :, ?,,e6.'2,77,7:00 . 'red Foc Release49541,M87 if.-FDP91-00901 0600090012-3 _ c .1-'7 71 -,-1- .i.,.s, 7 t ii .:l Tg tV1 em 77-1, ti e 'F'":h rp-"-' ,,,_-) if?--;1 4. .4... 1 - . 1 Pm?Y it., (Li .41 i4: 441 ea. t 4,,V i II 4., tin ki,;' it.,... . ti/Lti Zi cdv-tr ?..,0 h .z. v.... ? .. .11 ,, :L--ii., ..L.? By Jack Anderson ? it.Z7 d Les V;7dtf en The Soviet secret police had a contingency plan to kill Richard Nixon if he had been elected Prelident in 1.S.C.0, a high Soviet intelligence officer has told the Central Intelligence Agency. ? The Nixon murder plot was ? described to incredulous CIA agents by Anatol Golytsyn, a for- mer KGB major, who defected to the United States from his post in Helsinki, Finland, in the .earlyI9S0s. He gave American agents other valuable intelligence, which has turned out to be accu- rate. Our sources, therefore, be- lieve his story about the Nixon assassination plan. Golitsyn's view was that the plan, al:hough bizarre, was deadly serious. He attributed it to the late Nikita Khrushchev, then eornmanding the Kremlin, whom Golytsyn understood to be scrne?a-hat deranged. In those days, N:xon had the reputation as an haplacabie foe of the So- viet Unien. The Soviet major also told CIA agents that the hot-tem peoed Khrushch.ev had talked about eliminating the brilliant ballet dancer, Rudolf Nureyev, after he defected to the West The worried Golytsyn tried to warn Nureyev of the. possibility, according to our sources, al- though they don't know-whether the warning ever reached Nure- yev. . . For years, Golytsyn's spectac- ular revelations have been hid- den in the CIA's files. But after stories about the CIA's tISS255i- nation attempts hit the head- lines. CIA sources confided Go- lytsyn's KGB assassination tales tolls. The former KGB officer was one of the highest ranking So- viet defectors in CIA history. The ? United States paid him S200,000 in compensation and spent at least $500,000 more to protect him, our. sources say. Part of the money was spent on an ingenious scheme to sneak him and his family into the United States. ; By 'comparison, a far more publicized defector, Peter Der- iabin, was paid only S25,000. Our sources agree, however, that the taxpayers got their money's worth from Golvtsvn. Dering IS months of debrief- ing. Golytsyn blew the cover on one dangerous Communist spy operation after another. Our sources say he helped identify -members of the notorious "Sap- phire" Soviet ring, which be- came the model, in part, for the novel and movie "Topaz." Britain's Kim Phil by and Swe- den's Stig Eric ?Wennerstrom. of the most celebrated So- viet international agents, were exposed with the help cf Golyt- syn, as well as lesser spies in Germany, France and NATO. In time, the stromowilled Go- lytsyn tired of CIA surveillan, and decided to take his com- plaints to the late Robert F. Kennedy, then the Attorney General. The defector was housed within walking distance of Kennedy's home in Northern Virginia and visited with him either at his home or in another private place, our sources re- call. Golytsyn also drafted a long letter laying out his problems to Kennedy and expressed his pi- que to John McCone., then the CIA head. This upset the CIA agents who had gone to such longths to protect him as rent- ing cars to visit him so the tag numbers couldn't be traced back to "security" cars. Our sources say he was last re- ported living in the United aiates under a superb.y corned fain identity. Footnote: When a forest-fire was reported near Nixon's Cali- farina residence in the 19601; CIA agents close to Golytsyn thought at first that the KGB might have caused it. A CIA spo,:csman had no comment on Golytsyn's disclosures. Shan Connection?The color- ful Shan guerrillas have made another signed, secret offer to sell most of the Southeast Asian opium crop to the U.S. govern- ment . at the prevailing black market price. The sale would dry up 20 per cent of the heroin supply now reaching the United States. The Shan hillmen are willing to back up their offer, moreover, by attacking any other convoys that tryto bring opium out of the back country. The offer has been relayed to Washington through Rep. Les- ter Wolff (D-N.Y.)? ch a irma n of. a . House narcotics subcommittee and the House's leading expert on Burma-Thai-Laos opium pro- duction. It has been submitted to the House Foreign Affairs Co nimit- tee in a secret subeomm iltee re- port, signed by Wolff, Rep. Met- ;an Murphy (D-Ill.) and Rep. J. Herbert Burke (R-Fla,). A similar offer was rejected by the U.S. government in Au- gue-t, 173. (c) 1975, Uni:ed Feature SY17 dIcate. Inc.. STAT Approved For Release 2005/11/28 : CIA-RDP91-00901R000600090012-3 _ 16 MARCH 1975 'limate of sti.?0tettfry RaleaSe4005711/28i.::,776, DTP6'10-9711- The Oswal 3y Jim Squires VASIIINGTON?A prominent Mid- stern governor, respected for his in- _igence and rational judgment pri- tely expressed concern recently that aestigations of the Central Intelli- rice Agency might uncover, among ler things, agencyjlinks to the asses- eations of the Kennedys, Martin Lu- .r King, and the shooting of George allace. "Do you really believe that?" report-- s asked incredulously. "No," the governor replied, "but / no enger consider it beyond the realm of assibility." 'WHILE GOVERNORS are not neces- arily more stable than anyone else, liey generally should have more faith ii the system and be less suspicious of grand conspiracies. But it may be that he mind -shattering experience of ' eVatergate has propelled all Americans _a a new threshhold of insecurity about Iteir government. Perhaps the trail of punctured bal- loons, broken pedestals, and fallen hee zees has left us as skeptical as Europe- ans, who generally tend to disbelieve their government's official pronounce- V% c now reed da-ity what- we onlisi." pccted in the past: that Presidents lie,1 that J. Edgar Heaver was not a saint; that the Central Intelligence Agency,, won't even bother to deny it was in-' volve4 in political assassinations 3broact. ? ' , In such, an htrnosphbre it is only nat- ural that old questions about the na- tion's most infamous crimes?political murders at home?are again being , raised. Conspiracy theories surrounding the: deaths of John and Robert Kennedy, King, and the attempted assassination, of Wallace never died, even tho in more recent years the debate has been' imited to conspiracy freaks and ama- eur sleuths. -Haunting, unanswered questions still ? inger around all four cases. But the - 310St fertile ground for conspiracy :?,reeding is the first?the murder of the 'resident in Dallas in 1903. WITHIN THE MONTH, another new book on a worn topic has appeared, ' alleging that voice-stress evaluation tests prove that Lece Harv , Oswald vas not Kennedy's assassin. pproved A skeptic of some stature, former Democratic Sen. Ralph Yarborough of ; Texas has called for the reopening of the Warren Commission investigation.1 And, almost casuallii. the Reckefeller ? Commission investigating the CIA has confirmed that it is Indeed examining possible links between the agency and Oswald. Because Oswald once defected to' the Soviet Union and then returned Oa the United States, it was quickly and wide- ly assumed that? such a relationship existed. But on May 18, 1964, CIA Di- rector John McCone swore before the Warren Commission that the agency had never communicated, directly or indirectly, with Oswald; that be was not an agent, employe, or informant and the agency was never connected with him "in any way whatsoever. ." ! In 1964,1a .Sworn declaration by such I a high-ranking government official was, 'enough. In 1975, it is not. And now! amateur sleuths, professional sleuths, and journalists are plowing ttuv a lot , of dusty information in search of new; clues that might link Oswald to the ? nation's intelligence apparatua. ? a WHAT THEY WILL find is fasclnat-. . Oswald's potential for contact withf the, CIA is great. But the actual con- nections, if rny at all, appear restrict- ed to rather tenuqus relationships with three individuals, during his lifetime all; of whom are suspected of having had, ties to the CIA. . The first is Clay Shaw, the late Newl Orleans businessman who was a target ? of District Atty. Jim Garrison's dis- credited assassination investigation. While Shaw had all the earmarks of a CIA operator, Garrison, for all his ef- forts, never proved a single link be- tween Shaw and Oswald. The best anyone can do in that re- gard is that Oswald once passed out pro-Castro leaflets in a building owned by Shaw. And that the well-traveled Shaw, in his role as international trad- er, most likely passed information to the CIA at one time or another. The second relationship is hardly more fruitful. Oswald considered as his best friend a' man named George de MohrenscIrdldit, a Russian-born petrole- um engineer who came to the United Stares in 192.3. He and his wife knew the Oswalcis vs::ien they lived in Dallas. For Release 2005/11/28 : CIA-RD ? ? STA 000600090012-3 won tH connect The Warren Commission concluded that de Mohrenschildt had no connection with the assassination. But it did not make the same claim about his rela- tionship with the CIA. IT SEEMS THAT tie talohrenschildt and his wife took an eight-month hiking tour from the U. S.-Mexican border to Panama in 1960 and were in Guatemala when the CIA launched part of its ill- fated Bay of Pigs invasion from there. The Warren report. said de Mohren- sehildt later turned over films and a full account of his travels "to the U. S. government." This fact alone has led many conspir acy buffs to conclude that de Mohren schildt was at least an informer for th CIA and undoubtedly had told the agen cy of his friend Oswald, who Was al ready prominent in the files of. the Fed eral Bureau of Investigation. Researchers who suspect de 1?Iohren?- schildt of CIA contact are far more certain of a third man who was in a position to cross paths with Oswald-- ? Guy W. Banister of New Orleans. The question is whether he ever did. ? In August, 1963, Oswald was arrested i In New Orleans following a freeee with anti-Castro Cubans upset by his distrib- ution of pro-Castro leaflets. Oswald's leaflets bore the-address of 544 Camp St., an office he apparently never occu- pied. ? The Office at 544 Camp St. had been used, however, as the headquarters for an anti-Castro organization known as the Cuban Democratic Revolutionary Front, which was widely rumored to be a CIA-funded operation. IT WAS ADJACENT to a s-econd of- fice [fronting at 531 Lafayette St_ around the corner) occupied by Bards- ter, a former Chicago FBI azemt, ar,A an ex-deputy New Orleans poice can- - rnissioner who doubled as a private detective and government contact w-ith the community of Cuban revolirlonaries in New Orleans. . ?More than one witness remembers seeing boxes of rifles, ammunition, and grenades in Banister's office. Alth-o their credibility is not unchallenged, they all profess a common belief: 'Ban- ister was a CLA. or military inteUisenre contact with a contingent of Cub-ens being trained for the Bay of Pigs lava- Ps9,100901R000600090012-3 'continued Ag 45_,? filprpyit For RfireATIDE5?OritONAMISH-00901R00060009 012-3 .,-.4 ,,,--)..,71 ? P ri 7. Ai ? 171' , . . -4-? Ar-- -r."43 ? 4 ,-; p...- V,----..i .(1., -"Tell1/4v., tr'ts, ""..Z : .--, ,s ...t. - to t... ...... . t_ ri--,.. , :,1_,,4 :_. p, IL ' s.ij,,' :2_ kt..,1 tl ?1:42)_h_ 4.,____4_U__L_ `I. ..ii. L ',1_, H.,..,,,, *-_,111. , A. 15 LIAR rfiS OTA- By George Lardner Jr. not what he described as objections to the arranage- Premier Fidel Ca5tro or. any: :tan Post 3taff. Write: i"particularly sensitive mat- meat. but it was not clear other , foreign 0.7fivini. . : ters." . _whether h:.., and the CIA di- -To my Iznowled:e there's: The Senate Select Cm omit- ' For these, Colby said, rector were speaking on the. no'h;ng that was brought to. te-e on Intelligence Operationsi "different procedures are ob-: same wave-I0r.::th. In a March Fry attpntion that involves! voted yesterday to ask Presi-; viously necessary." In such in- :1.3 reply to Colby. Church any :....ftil!S-t Cu or. dent Ford for the Central In-; stances. the CIA. director said agreed to join discussions any other 13;rsor, i.lurin2 nlY tell rce 'Yenc s top-secret agency employees would fa-st:whercver the inquiry touches: tenuce of offiee.'":, s.J:d i,,A Ay', . propose ways of responding. to ansensitive unitters, hut the in a telephone intervieW. -I. ?repurt to him on allegations of the committee without expo.,:- s,,na' tur. defined ths, onlv in hac; frettzlent nicethy,:s with illegal CIA domestic activities. int "sensitive details." It the tt?ms cf "the idenity of Cl. the President a:ifi Robert Nett: . Committee ChairMan Frank: committee insists on diselo-? personnel. sources, of coop;:T-. nee:: and ....-ith others who Church (D-Idaho) indicated sure:Colby said he was pro-.atin4.' organizations whose dis- were conc7rned :bout Cuba :after a dosed, 90-minute meet- pared to negotiate with it over. closure could place persons in and . . . at nu time at .anY: ; in; that the committee had de.. "the appropriate course of ae- actual. jeopzirdy." -of those -meetitrzs was no,?.._ icided to ask Mr. Ford at the: tion to be taken. ? Fe ring yesterday's scs. mention r.n.:.q.le of tile assasna- same time for copies of any, . Elaborating on what he re- sion. Tower also announce.i don of Castro:* i executive orders and National: garded as "particularly sensi,! appointment et the commit- McCune heac:ed the aunty i Security Council directives as; tire," Colby set down a wide tee's minc,rity counsel, Alan- front I50t to 11-.'r.5. under Pr' . signing various tasks to the, range of categories, including: dna lawyer Curtis- II. Smith- dents Ken::(1:: and ,;0:10S::11. 'CIA and ether government in-, , ik"The identities of our sen- ens, 31, a former deputy assist- Iloi)ert F. KeTIC:r.::." was Attf)1"-. , 1 whether he expected any' vurces. ' e .7The material to once secretary of defnse and r . .:-..? a1 clurin;, his broth-- ? time military trial. judge. once the Army's youngest full- el's administrat:o.-. and during, .T;,'Inott's first n?onths in ef.- telligem:e agencies. sitie so . Church declined to saY !us by cooperating foreign in- claims of executive Privilege. ? telligence services." Church sad he expected the 1.11--%'? . ! ?.I'ci. rather wait and let the ? p'"fhe details of tochnical. committee staff to ::egin intt-T- .nme magazine th:s week i White 111.,us.... make the next1 device; and sys?teins and of op.:Vit.r.'.Th:.! s.,...11.P!?:---'7"4 Sil'.1r.,!:.-", !"!.: 7.-7?7-cl "er,,:di!--.10 1.11le-e." he Said*''llic. b...'AL.iseration"1. methods." . estrrated it v.-oulci .he t..vo to i:_, th? c!..? t,..i:,,...,...! ?.1..7s. I no..v in that court" ! ??The identities of certain- thrc-e mont'os i)1.01..? ::?T,;,.._, _ .. . ?: The 11-member committee: of . our employees who eoldd Ile 1:;:ani:1-45 ..;.,,.]:c1 b:-.;1:-.. .0:;_-, - ? : -? ., -,:: i 3.1,1, es. In .- -v e. at 101.-,t1,.- . !votc.'d unarimouzly to request be targets of kidnaping or-aq- incItzi':::- whivi! ....ill also co'.-,:?:- '--1,':':;a1 att,=n1:11-s t?-? '.::II Ca?it:',",.' the. documents. Sen. John G. i sassination." the FBI and c,ther government 1.3,.37.1-: before ar.(1 -.7`"??1.- -,-ter iTowcr (L' 1c') the vice chair- fa-The identities of Ameri- inteliigence r.;encies.-,....i:l .ve Eay of. It In as ion in I man saLl he thought the Pres?! can citinns and organizations undellaken. zt !east at ti,e,A. 1 inert would "bend every of- who have cooperated with U.S. set, by four staff tasl forc,--,- . ? - Ifort to cooperate with us" and? intellienee:, ? They will explore foreign in- Two for:net. FiCP2'S to ROlIC-rt - :thus avoid a protracted inves- ?-sorne additional matcr:. telligence ope: . ations. cloniE.,tic :;onnedy..kcia.nt "%'.-:?!n.,1,:y an?t , ti;:ation. . : als the public discio-lure of? intril12.e1ce. ov.n.ctli(2ns. tile l'...;.::r .1.i. Edeiro:-:% ila,.-,: said i Ti-se committee also" made which would create serious -exceut;;?C command ??;..:?..te- !;,.'nnedy told t.::,,:,,, he0;:ce 1 ,', im.L,....;I:c an exchange of eorre-: foreign or national SCCUriZy 'Wee- ho;; the gx,?ernment*s 5.n- l;-_,arn?l of and s:,..;:p..d a CIA :spondence with CIA Director' problems." tn111.4enc: community. and the ,-.":,._ zo 1:;e ti.!- !..:.:Th t:, kit . William E. Colby that suggests Finally. Colby v.-1-0:..,,, military inteilh.zence a!:4encies. C:.-.0:1) 1:::!:..:: to '..:::.- Ilm- of 'some intricate negotiations Church. -we should also work i i ma:.- he necessary as tho Sun- together to protect certain E...v-CI.-1 Chief Denivs ; ate's CIA investigation moves- other information which. if .iNsas:.iitita;tm Plots : forward. imorop-.'ily disclosed. r.-. In a le-tter to Church dated inipitir the pi is acy ri,:z.lits c..: March !I. Colby forn0.1':: ind;vicivals." .,.:r.-1. n? CrA l.Yr,..1..!(,:- ;17-reed TO let CIA eml,lul cos Speal-arig with rQportk.,rs tic'- %. .:'-ie',:cr..7 yes:erday (F?:.?7_ ciassified informat!on fore the curreL,pondence v.-as an: ;:n..v.-....-,::., of an i, :: -;1.-?,. with Scr.ate investigators, but , handed out, Church voiced no pint to assass;nate Czt.u. \ijnsaid he v?.:1(,12ed l.d do- :5very and ? ? h::ve to ;:?ii i:Tm of IP...! inc:Cent. STAT Approved For Release 2005/11/28: CIA-RDP91-00901R000600090012-3 NEW YORK BALLY NEWS 13 MARCH 1975 Approved For Release .2005/11/28 : CIA-RDP91-00901R00 ?3 ',liliesar CIA Kill Mots By JOSEPH VOLZ Washington, March 12 (News Bureau) ? John A. McCone, director of the Central Intelligence Agency dur- ing the Kennedy and Johnson administrations, denied today any knowledge of alleged CIA plots to assassinate Cuba's Fidel Castro or other foreign leaders. "To my knowledge there's er's administration and for a year nothing that was brought to my under Johnson. attention that involves any at- Two of Robert Kennedy's for- tempt against Castro or any mer aides, Adam Walinsk-y and other person during my tenure of Peter B. Edelman, have said that bf flee," McCone said in an .A.sso- Kennedy told them he once ciated Press interview. "I had learned of, and stopped, a CIA frequent meetings with the Presi_ effort to ruse the Mafia to kill dent and Robert Kennedy and Castro before the Bay of Pigs with others who were concerned attack. about Cuba and .. . at no time at But McCone, who insited "It any of those meetings was any would have been the most natural mention made of the assassina- thing in the world" for Robert tion of Castro." Kennedy to have told him of such McCone a Los Angeles indusL an incident, said that Kennedy trialist, was named to head the never mentioned anything to him about it. CIA after the Bay of Pigs at- tach in 1961, replacing the late He said he was basing his com- ments on his own recollections Allen W. Dulles, who was eased and on a search of his files that out by President John F. Ken- he ordered following news reports nedy. McCone continued to head of a CIA-Mafia link. the CIA during the early years of McCone attributed the 'news the Johnson administration, leav- reports of CIA involvement in jag i n1965. Robert Kennedy was 'assassinations to disgrutitled for- attorney general during his broth-1 mer employer of the agency. Approved For Release 2005/11/28: CIA-RDP91-00901R000600090012-3 NEW YORK TIMES 11 MAR 175 Approved For Release 2005/11/28 :.CIA-RDP91-00901R00060009001 -3 Senate Unit Seeks Tail Report' on C.I.A. Role i STK JOHN M. CREWDSON ; to concern itself with the agen.,1 Mr. Church added tLat while - ?.ey.'s domestic activities, some the WASHINGTON, March 12? or which. Mr. Colby has termed ,was not raised at today's meet- question of assassinations tp?n_. e.. t,rl? Nev Yeric tn,vs of ' questionab._" legality. i? Some. detail of the aeenc ,simg - of the committee, "we na- The Senate Select Committee domestic activities, c u ing! in). dY' 'turally want to get to the bot- on Intelligence Activities vo..ed unanimously today to ask Pres- ident Ford for the Central Intel-.the wiretapping of Unitecitorn of any charges relating ligence Agency's written report states citizens, were containedto assassinations, and in due on its .domestic activities, in testimony subsequently sup-,course we will be locking into The vote, which had been ,,r" plied and House aPpropriationsjIY." ed by Mr. Colby to the Sen- those charges very thorough- expected. concerned a reporc," -- M. Ford received While onicommittees, and made public.) - Plots Mentioned a Colorado skiing vacation late: But Mr. Colby told a House l A number of published and last Year from William E. Col-:subcommittee last week thatAroadcase reports .in recent _ , unnamed by tie Director of Cential In- h-i had discovered other "ques-days have quoted tenigen-- !tionable" undertakings that soisources and former Govern- The report has thus far beenfRir ha.d not been publicly ells-Tient officials in referring to furnished by the President only.c.osad, but which presumably!plots by the agency against to the commission on tha:were included in the "Vail re- as many as seven foreign lead- C.I.A.'s domestic intelligence4' activities headed by Vice Pres-1 'Oral Addendum' The New York Times d o re- 1dent P,ockefeller, and not tal There have been reports thatipocten Monday that Adam .any Congressional bodies. iMr. Colby also supplied theiWalinsky and Peter B. Edel- Senator Frank .Church, De-;President with an, "oral 'adden-!man, two former aides to the ocrat of Idaho, the chairmanklum" to ? the report that ;late Robert F. Kennedy, stated rn of the select committee, said,touched. on the intelligencelthat Mr. Kennedy had told them that C.I.A. agents had following a two-hour closed,agency's activities abroad. andi ;contracted with the Mafia in session in which the vote was included references to Pssible;an abortive attempt to murder taken, that a letter would ho.C.I.A. involvement in schemes;Premier Fidel Castro of Cuba. sent to the White House today :to assassinate foreign leaders.' Mr. Church told reporters to- containing a formal request for; Asked whether the selectIday that he had "no informa. "the document that Mr. Col": committee 'v.rould 3150 seek to !tion" about that report or about placed . in the PresidenCs learn the contents of any oraljany others, and that he "would hands." 'statement given Mr. Ford, Sen rather refrain from cornMent- The "vail Report." as it has ator . Church replied that, al-!ina on anything as inflamma- beconle kr.n after the FA; though to:jays letter related:tory as alleged assassinations." resort w!lere M. Ford and Mr. only to the written report, "Wei However, John A. ? McCone, Colby net. is believed to be expect to get all of the informa-jwho headed the intelligence, about $0 pages in length and,tion." . 'agency. between 1961 end 1965 under Presidents Kennedy and Johnson, was quoted in an in- terview with The Associated Press today as saying that he. had no knowledge of assassina- tion plots "that involved Castro or any other person during my tenure of office." "At no time were any such plans of either a constractual arrangement with the Mafia for] to assassinate Castro ever discussed with me," Mr. Mc - Cone said, and he attributed the reports to bitter former em- ployes of the agency. Had Issued Waiver Mr. Church - today also re- leased a letter in which Mr. Colby disclosed his intention that any discussion of certain "sensitive matters" before the select committee by C.I.A. em- ployes would be subject to the agency's prior approval. Mr. Colby had previously issucti, with respect to the panel's investigation. a waiver of the agency's "contract agree- ment," a signed pledge in which each of its employes promises never to disclose any classified information gained during the course of employment. Mr. Church. at the time. applauded the waiver as a hopeful sign of the agency's willingness to co- operate fully. TAT Approved For Release 2005/11/28: CIA-RDP91-00901R000600090012-3 Approved For Release 20041448P&WAYA01R0006063aordo_3975 Former CiA head says he knows within g a bid to Castro Washington 011?John A. McCue, a former director or the Central Intelligence Agency, flatly denied yester- day any knowledge of an agency plot to assassinate. Cuban Premier Fidel Castro Or any other foreign official. "To my knowledge there's nothing that was brought to my attention that involves .any attempt against Castro or any other person during my tenure of office," Mr. McCone said in a telephone interview: "I had frequent meetings with the President and Robert Kennedy and with others who were con- cerned about Cuba and . . . at no time at any of those meet- jugs was any mention made of the assassination of,Castro." ? Mr. McCone beaded the agency from 1961 to 1965 under the late Presidents John F. Kennedy and Lyndon B. John- son. Robert F. Kennedy \yes attorney general during his would have been the most na-iformer employees of the brother's administration and tural thing in the world" for 'agency. the beginning of the Johnson administration. 7'itne magazine this week cited "credible sources" as saying that "the CIA enlisted the expert hired-gun help of U.S. Mafia figures in several unsuccessful attempts to kill Castro both before and shortly after the CIA-planned Bay of Pigs invasion of Cuba in 1961." Two former aides to Robert Kennedy, Adam Walinsky and Peter B. Edelman, have said that the late senator told them he once learned of and stepped a CIA effort to use the Mafia to kill Premier Castro before the Bay of Pigs. Mr. McCone, who took over the agency following the Bay of Pigs disaster, said he devel- oped a very close relationship with Robert Kennedy while serving as CIA director and "it the then-attorney general to tell him of the incident. "He never said that, arel he would have," Mr. McCone. said. The former intelligence chief said he was basing his com- ments both on his own recol- lection and on a search of his files. "At ? no time was any such plan of either a contractural arrangement with the Mafia or any 'arrangement with the Mafia or any other organiea- tion to assassinate Castro ever discussed with me," Mr. Mc- Cone said, adding that he thought it was unlikely that such a plot could have e':i:ccd Without his knowledge. Mr. McCone attributed the news reports of CIA involve- ment in assassinations to bitter Senators seek report Washington (NI? The Senate Select Committee on Intelli- gence voted unanimously yes- terday to ask President Ford to turn over a secret report pre- sented to the White House by William E. Colby. director ,of the Central Intelligence Agen- cy, in response to charges of illegal domestic spying. The request, in the form .of a letter sent to Mr. Ford, does not include a demand for in- formetion contained in an ad- ditional verbal report Mr. Col- by reportedly gave the Presi- dent about alleged CIA involve- ment in assassinations of foe- eign leaders. STAT Approved For Release 2005/11/28 : CIA-RDP91-00901R000600090012-3 WASHINGTUDI 13 MARCH 1975 Approved For Release 2005/11/28 : CIA-RDP91-00901R0006000 0012-3 e Ienies Kr.wrn I CIA Plot ttr K Castr By David C. Martin Asociated Press Former CIA director John A. McCone has flatly denied knowledge of any agency plot to assassinate Cuban Premier Fidel Cas- tro or any other foreign official. "To my knowledge there's nothing that was brought to my attention that involves any attempt against Castro or any other person during my tenure of office," he said yesterday in a telephone interview. "I had frequent meetings with the President and Robert Kennedy and with others who were concerned about Cuba and ... at no time at any of those meet- ings was any mention made of the assassination of Castro." He headed the agency from 1961 to 1965 under the late Presidents John F. Kennedy and Lyndon B. Johnson. Robert F. Kenne- dy was attorney general during his brother's admin- istration and during the early Johnson years. TIME MAGAZINE this week cited "credible sources" as saying "the CIA enlisted the expert hired-gun help of U.S. Mafia figures in several unsuccessful attempts to kill Castro both before and shortly after the CIA-plan- ned Bay of Pigs invasion of Cuba in 1961." Two former aides to Rob- ert Kennedy, Adam Wa- linsky and Peter B. Edelman, have said he told them he learned of and stopped a CIA effort to use the Mafia to kill Castro prior to the Bay of Pigs. McCone, who took over the agency following the Bay of Pigs, said he de- veloped a close relationship JOHN McCONE Denies involvement with Robert Kennedy while CIA director and that "it would have been the most natural thing in the world" for Kennedy to have told him of the incident MCCONE said he based his comments on his own recollection andon a search of his files made after news reports linking the CIA and the Mafia to assassination plots against Castro. He at- tributed reports of CIA in- volvement to bitter ex-em- ployes of the agency. Walinsky and Edelman said Kennedy told them in 1967 that while chief counsel to a Senate committee investigating organized crime in the late 1950s, he learned of the plot in ques- tioning a Las Vegas mobster. "It was unclear whether the arrangement had been made by someone associat- ed with the agency or whether there was any offi- cial sanction within the agency," Edelman said. Walinsky said Kennedy had received "assurances in writing" from the CIA that the plot had been aborted. BUT Kenneth O'Donnell, who was assistant chief counseil to the committee and later White House chief of staf, said he never heard any mention of a plot to kill Castro. And Carmine Belli- no, a chief investigator for the rackets committee who said he was present during all Kennedy's interviews with gangland figures, said he could not recall mention of such a plot. "Bobby had no secrets from me," O'Donnell said of his years on the rackets committee. "I lived in his house for two years" and "there wasn't a memo that went through the commit- tee that I. didn't see." "My knowledge is first hand," O'Donnell said, "and I would like to think that ... you're going to con- sider what I say as opposed to Walinsky and Edelman.". HOWEVER, he added:' "To say that somebody in the CIA didn't give some- body fifty bucks and say here go knock off (Domini- can Republic dictator Ra- fael) Trujillo, that I can't do." The late Allen Dulles headed the CIA at the time Kennedy was chief counsel to the Senate committee. His top aide, Richard Bis- sell, said he never discuss- ed a Castro assassination plot with Kennedy and that it was "inherently unlikely" that the agency, then under the control of a Republican administration, would pro- vide written assurances to a Democratically controlled committee that such a plot had been aborted. Approved For Release 2005/11/28 : CIA-RDP91-00901R000600090012-3 ..NEW .YORK TINES FILESINGER SEES.1. ? EIN C.I.A. LAPSES'::!; Es Ford Panel the Number I '1.1isdemeanors' in Last ?.0 Years Is 'Quite Small!, 000600090012-3 By LINDA CHARLTON ? Sped11 to Th, :kr:v York Timer WASHINGTON, Jan. 13?The esidential commission inves- ating alleged domestic spy-, g by the Central Intelligence eency held its first meeting jay and was told by Secre- -y of Defense James R. Schles- ger, a former C.I.A. director, at the number of "misde- eanors" by the agency was, t: uite small." Schlesinger, one Of three p ? C.I.A. officials who ap- ared before the eight-member mmission, told reporters as t left the meeting that "cer- in things did come to light" the review of the agency's telligence activities that had ten precipitated by ,the dis- 'very of the agency's involve- -ant in the Watergate affair. ? 20-Year Period Cited But, he added, "Over all, one ust recognize that these bear n the: entire history of the -entral Intelligence Agency -eer a period in excess Of 20 .,ars, and one must recognize -tat the number of misdemean- -rs in that period is, I think, ulte Mr. Schlesinger's remarks onstituted his first public ac- mowledgement of a basis for he allegations about illegal lomestic activities by the igency that he headed for about :ix months in 1973. Vice President Rockefeller, who heads the commission, ,aid at a news briefing in the ate afternoon that Mr. Schle- ,inger, "made exactly that same tatement" to the commission, ut would give no details of his or anything else heard. or, Members of the panel investiga left: Vice President Rockefeller L. Lemnitzer,,Ronald Reagan, C ting the CIA., fr'orrt the Connor, Erwin N. Griswold, Lane Kirkland and Edgar I , chairman; Gen. Lyman Shannon'Jr. Behind Mr. Shannon is a newsman. Memlre.. . Douglas Dillon, John T. of the panel held a meeting yesterday in Washingto Words .were at variance , with j what '??eas reliably reported to be his extreme 'concern and dis- tress on hearing of the agency's alleged domestic. spying; .was one of two former-C.I.A. direc- tors to appear. He was followedt by Richard Helms, who preced- ed Mr. Schlesinger as Director', of Central Intelligence. William E. Colby, the present director, who succeeded Mr.. Schlesinger in September, 1973, t' was the first to go into the con- ference room, entering with an attach?ase and bulging note; book at 11;20 A.M. and leavingt about 4:30. He made no public: ? t statement Mr. Rockefeller and the seven other members of the commis- sion appointed by President Ford were sworn in by Carrie L. Gooding, a General Services., Administration personnel .offi- cer, in Mr. Rockefeller's cream- and-blue --office about 10:30' A.M. The panel members then walked through a small ante- ?. room to the adjoining confer-e ence room, where adjoining sat t around a boat-shaped table. Mr. Rockefeller, in a brief, statement, said that the corn- mission had "but one objective'.t . ?Ve are going to get to the bot- liscussed at the day-long meet--! t:-)rn of this problem." . ng, which continued until just- "We are going to conduct this ,ast 6 P.M. ? ? with determination and Secretary Schlesinger,' ,whose' thoroughness, and we are ? ? going to get all of the facts," he said. 'We 'can- have, and we must have, an intelligence ca- pability?which is essential to our security as a .nation?with- out offending our liberties as a people." ? Approved For Release 200 None of the three men whol-ployes. In response to a quese appeared today were sworn tion, he Said that there were but each signed a waiver allow- -."n-o restrictions on who we will ing his words to be used by the r call." commission. The nameplate in' However, in response to an- front of the seat reserved for other question?as to whether' witnesses said only: "Visitor," he could call upon past C.I.A. David Belin, the 46-year-old iemployes to come forward with Des Moines, Iowa, lawyer !information about the agency's whose appointment as execu- :domestic-activities?he said that tive director of the commission "to go . out . with a dragnet". will be announced by the White House Wednesday, sat in on the opening portion of the meeting: and met after the session with.. Mr. Rockefeller. He was not able to stayi throughout the day, according to Mr. Rockefeller's press secre, tary, Hugh Morrow, because his secilrity clearance has not been completed. Mr. Belin. who served_ as counsel to the Warren Commis-. sion, which, in 1964, investigat- ed the assassination of Pres-' ident Kennedy, Ianl have a staff. of at least seven investigators. ? The only money at the staff's disposal at present, Mr. Morrowl said, is $150,000 from Presiden-j tial contingency funds. 'A Lengthy Report' Mr. Rockefeller, at a newsi briefing at 4:45 P.M., said that would strain the resources of the committee's "very small staff and very small time." Pressed as to whether the panel intended 'to hear not only. from top officials of the agency butalso from "the ranks," he said, "We will go down into the ranks." ? ? Less than an hour later, the commission's staff issued a statement saying that Mr. Rock- efeller had taken up that ques- tion with other commissioners and added: -? "The cortmission response was that it would welcome-any specific, factual information from individuals, especially for- mer or present members of the, C.I.A., relating to domestic ac- tivities of the C.I.A." At his news briefing. Mr.1 Rockefeller was also asked ifl Mr. Colby had "made a lengthy.. the committee would make itsj 'report. during which questions'. report publ:c. He replied. "Ii were asked." H was followed: would think that would he the: by Mr.. Schlesinger, and "again ? case." He added, however, that questions were asked." ?,e he was not making a commit- The. Vice President said that ment. ? he thought. the panel's investi-: He said that he was "notj going to go into the ,detailedj : gation would "probably con-, tsume a large part if not all of' the three months". that the, President had - alletted .for its. . 254. id Clitilk-13P.Paltr9CifiEll R000600090012-3 j indicated his ivillingness to thave the commission talk 'with inrPC,Pllt and former C.I.A. ern, YO ? icLo nt i:aue -e lallellgpprotie clifartWVellha had been guilty of overstep- 51 votes spy probe Democrats in Senate set CIA, FBI quiz By MURIEL DOBBIN WasAinytaa Bureau of. The Sun Washington ? The Senate Democratic caucus yesterday voted overwhelmingly, to set up a special committee responsi- ble for investigating alleged misconduct on the part of the Central Intelligence Agency and the FBI. The 45-to-7 vote, taken after a three-hour meeting, was a defeat for Senator John C. Stennis (D., Miss.), chairman of the Senate Armed Services Committee, whose voice was heard through the closed door of the caucus room vigorously opposing the proposed congres- sional probe into the opera- tions of intelligence gathering, agencies. No "massive" spying Meantime, Vice President Rockefeller, chairman of an eight-member presidential eommission set up to study CIA activities, said initial in- quiries did not support charges of "massive" domestic spying. However, he said he was certain the special commission would make recommendations designed to close any loopholes relating to domestic surveil- lance in the intelligence agen- cy's charter. The Rockefeller commission heard testimony in private ses- sion from Richard M. Helms and John A. McCune, both former directors of the CIA. Mr. Helms told newsmen that he acknowledged concern on the part of both the late Presi- dent Johnson and former Presi- ident Nixon regarding antiwar !demonstrations. He did not ans- wer a question as to whether that concern had led the CIA into domestic spying. Mr. McCone insisted that to his knowledge the CIA was involved in no domestic spying during his term as director ifrom 1961 to 1965. ! ping its mandate by becoming involved in domestic surveil- lance already are under inves- tigation iri House and Senate subcommittees. Senator Stennis had indi- cated his concern that a sweeping bipartisan inquiry, which might involve open, tel- evised hearings, could severely damage the successful operas tiori of the intelligence agency. However, Senator Mike Mansfield (D., Mont.), Senate majority leader, who with Sen- ator Charles McC. Mathias, Jr., (R., Md.), co-sponsored an earlier proposal for a CIA in- vestigating panel, stressed that the aim of such a committees would be to carry out a {{sober, not sensational" in- quiry. ? "We seek to cleanse, not to destroy." said Senator John a Pastore (D., R.I.), adding that ' the proposed committee should,' be composed of eight senators! who "had no ax to grind." According to Senator Pas- tore, -there should be no "po- larization" of vtewpoint among the- senators on the CIA panel. Using such a criterion, men such as Senator William Prox- mire (D., Viis.), an outspoken critic of defense and intellig- ence polieies. would appear to be as unacceptable a choice as Senator Stennis or Senator John L. McClellan (D., Ark.), chairman of a Senate appropri- ations subcommittee that over- sees the CIA budget. It seemed to be the feeling lamong congressional observers that the move to examine and assess intelligence gathering agencies represented the ,"fresh wind" now said to be sweeping throegh Capitol Bill. There were eeee'dictions that the membeiehip of the CIA panel would reflect the same !housecleaning -zeal Congress ;displayed in the wake of the IWatergate scandals. ' &ratter Stennis indicated ;that he would fight against establishment of the select committee when the -proposal reaches the Senate floor later this week. But informed sources said the Mississippi Democrat is more ilk e1 t y o seek to maneuver members of his liking enlo the committee than to risk an even more resounding rebuff in the Sen- ate. There- were reports that Sen- ator Methias is a potential .chairman of the committee. Senator Frank Church (D., ApproviidhFbragetinster20051514/28 : CIA-RDP91-00901R000600090012-3 hart (D.. Mich.) were atse r9280rIPAVgna9P941MR the bipartisan panel. Moreover', it was suggested that freshmen senators are likely to obtain a place on the committee, with such names mentioned as Senator Gary Hart (D., Colo.) and Senator '-John H. Glenn (D., Ohio). It was noted that both these men are members of the Senate Armed Services Committee and their inclusion might be offered as a sop to Mr. Sten- nis. As Senator Pastore put it, "fresh faces and new ideas" are needed. AS' outlined in the Senate resolution creating the CIA icommittee, the panel will have la $750,000 budget, subpoena power and a mandate extend- ing through September 1. 'Me selection of from 7 to 11 mem; leers will be made by Senator Mansfield and Senator Hugh Scott (R., Pa.), Senate minority lead 111 -----11111 - !, s ve but would be respensible for; outlining recommendations thaty could be lead to stricter con- gressional oversight of intellie gence operations, especially in the light of recent indications that the CIA had been the tar- get of , White House pressure. The committee's inquiries! would extend to the informa- tion gathering activities of the' FBI -which yesterday admitted that its files- Contained infore enation on the personal lives of congressmen. Represeestatieez Robert W. Kastenmeir (De; Wis.) promptly accused thee FBI of "a cover-up as insidie ous as Watergate." Also on the House side Of.; Capitol Hill. there was a move' ; yesterday to reduce passible' bias on the part of congress- men assigned to consider ine 'tell'gence appropriations, The Mathias . plan proposed that the committee be com- posed of members of the For- eign Relations Committee, Armed Services Committee, Judiciary Committee and the Atomic Energy Commissien. Its activities would net pre- clude independent investiga- tions by congressional eommit- tees with ,oversight jurisdiction over the CIA. Congressional sources stress- ed that there would be ..att ef- fort to avoid the sensational in the probe, like the leaked reve- lations of the Senate Watergate committee, Because of the classified nature of intelligence- gathering operations,, a perhaps substantial portion of the. CIA hearings would be in private. Open hearings, even with such witnesses as Mr.. Helms, might be heavily weighted with bureaucratic discussion, a- spokesman for a Republicere senator said. Senator Pastore said in a telephone ? interview, "This would be an in-depth hearing to ascertain whether there has been abuse and what can be done to remedy it. It is not going to be a focus of the television cameras, like Water- gate." The CIA committee would STAT STAT _2 DEmoc3Ais yoiL p7reInsidea rnt elated it.lbeivueelorfbmbmt,:i riblvloena,n. '1; Mr. t Ford's d commis -s: 'A Broad spectrum WE CIA, STUDY BY SENATE PANEL -Party Caucus, 45-7, -Urges Bipartisan Unit Like One in Watergate Hearings A SETBACK FOR STENNIS Rockefeller Finds No Data -to Indicate Massive. and Illegal Domestio Spying . : By SEYMOUR M. HERSH. 52fta: co, The New Tot* rmes ? WASHINGTON, Jan. 20?The Senate Democratic Caucus voted 45 to-7 today to set up .a bi- partisan select committee, simi- lar to the one established, after the Watergate break-in; to in- vestigate all aspects of foreign and domestic operations of the Central Intelligence Agency and other Government intelligence units. A favorable vote had been expected, but the overwhelm- ing majority in favor 'of the new commlttee was viewed as a major setback for Senator John C. Stennis, chairman of the Senate Armed Services Committee, whose traditional, dominance of military matters in the Senate had gone unchal- lenged until this morning's caucus meeting. . The Senate Armed Services - Committee, which he .heads, had already begun hearings in- to allegations of domestic spy- ing by the C.I.A. "What happened today was a kind of revolution," said Senator Frank Church, Demo- crat of Idaho, who emerged as a_ key spokesman during a re- cent debate on the Senate's oversight of intelligence mat- ters. A Nine-SI onth Task Senate's Democrats spe- clfically approved a resolution providing, for the Senate leader- ship to name sasen to 11 mem- bers to serve on the selects, or essecial, committee, which Will ieitially have a $750.000 budget and nine rnenies in which complete its work. rero9nYM iFI9rttRoleagaW C.I.A.'s- domestic activities heard its second day of testi- mony today and afterward its chairman, Vice President Rock- efeller, said "the impression left so far" was that the C.I.A. had not conducted a massive and illegal domestic spying op- eration. A number of Senators said after the three-hour Democrat- ic that no restrictions had been placed on the make-up of the panel, although there had been general agreement that those chosen should have no biases in any direction on riatianal- security. It was this issue that direct- ly led to Senator Stennis's re- buff. He did not challenge the apparent desire of the Demo- cratic Caucus to approve the 'select committee, Senate sources said, but instead argued that ? the committee should be com- posed of Senators now serving on the Armed Services, Approp- riations or Foreign Relations Committees. Mr. Stennis was reported to have made an impassioned pike to prevent what he said would be the destruction of the C.I.A. j stemming from an inquiry into I alleged domestic spying. At times, his. booming voice could be heard by newsmen waiting outside the caucus room. But Senator Stennis received ! only a handful of votes, from some of the Democrats who serve on his Aimed Services Committee and other conserva- tive Southerners. The Mississip- pi Democrat hinted later to newsmen that he might oppose.' the special committee when it comes to the Senate floor for I the late nineteen-forties, was surreptitious monitoring of passage later this week, said by an aide to Vice Pres- 'mall. Committee members will not ident Rockefeller, chairman of c,The details surrounding the the Ford Commission to have testified to provide background dn the various intelligence telligence agencies in increased agencies and functions. g !activities against antiwar "He ittst knows about it," the groups and other dissidents. aide said. "He's been in the The plan was known as the business along time." ,Huston plan after its author,. "We got a broad picture,"4Tom Charles Huston, a former Senator Pa tore who spun- to set up n the bipartisa intelligence director of central Intelligence panel, told newsmen that he from 1961 to 1965, and .1. Pat- wanted "a broad spectrum of 'rick Coyne, former executive secretary 'of the President's. membership that isn't polarized or sympathetic ? one extreme Foreign Intelligence Adivsory or the other. What I want Isl7 something new, ? something fresh." The Rhode Island Democrat also took issue with Mt. Sten- nis's argument that the special inquiry would jeopardize the C.I.A.'s ability to conduct its intelligent-gathering operations. "The same argument[was] made with respect to Watergate," Mr. Pastore said, "that an investi- gation would destroy our Gov- ernment. But it didn't It rein- ;forced our form of Govern- ment." Senator Church said in a his election. "It was something telephone interview that the he [Mr. Nixon] expressed to n' caucus actiO "doesn't mean me in person," Mr. Helms told that the Senate is about to newsmen. "I don't know if shuck the C.I.A. or any other intelligence operation." ? "We're talking about a .thorough investigation, of the entire intelligence rnommunity !as it works inside and outside ,the United States," he said. i"This has never been under-1 :taken before, and it couldn't; have been but for a tidal shift' Presidential requests. attitude toward those ac-t After testifying in 'secret for :tivities." more than two hours, Mr. Mc- Along with the C.I.A. and its Cone told newsnien that henactivitiee, the special commit-,! knew of no domestic C.I.A. spy- 'tee will investigate the opera- ing activities when he headed 1 tions of the F.B.I. ? The caucus also voted tol give the committee responsi-; bility to -look into the. follow-1 ing: CThe cceerdinatio:n?or lack or it?among intelligence agen- cies. CThe extent to which in-1 telligence units are governed; by secret orders from the ex-' ecutive branch. flAny violation or suspected violation of Federal laws by any intelligence agency, includ- ing illegal wiretapping and the Board. A third witness was Richard Helms, the former C.I.A. direc- tor, who is now Ambassador to Iran. Mr. Helms, who testi- fied for the second time before the eight-member commission, later told newsmen that former; Presidents Johnson., and Nixon had both expressed- concern to him about possible'. foreign connections with the antiwar movement. President Johnson discussed* ,the matter with him in 1967, 1 MA Helms said, and Mr. Nixon brought up the same issue after there was any written direc- tion." Helms Statement Recalled In a statement made public last week, Mr. Helms suggested that the C.I.A. began its do- mestic operations in the late nineteen-sixties in response to ?the agency. ?-In a 45-page.- statement re- leased last week, William E. Colby, -the present Director of Central Intelligence, told of two domestic wiretaps undertaken by the agency in 1963. But those two wiretaps, Mr. Colby added, were authorized in ad- vance by Robert F. Kennedy, then the Attorney General. Mr. Coyne, whotegart his in- telligence work with the Feder- al Bureau of Investigation in be named until after that vote, Senate sources said. Today's caucus result left many Senators and senior aides talking about "the end of an era." "This is really the first time ; that John Stennis, has gone to ? the mat and gotten decisively the Vice President was quoted 'White House aide. , 'development of the 1970 White ,House plan to involve all in- trounced," One taucus eyewit- ? by The Associated. Press as nesse said. He added that Mr. saying, "and now we want to Stennis's defeat could have start- working on details." ' plications for the Senate on other matters nol-rnally domin- ated by Southern conServatives, such as the Pentagon's annual budget. Senate sources said after to- day's Democratic Caucus that key arguments in favor of a wide-ranging select committee had been made by Senators Church, John 0. Pastore of Rhode Island. Stuart Symington of Missouri; Walter Huddleston of Kentucky and Alan Cranston of California. ! One Senator termed Mr. Cranston:s speech a particular- STAT STAT roved For Release 2005/11/281-tietAuFZIDPgaid009011R000600090012-3 uornestic C.I.A. for its alieged I al' V, 52M As We See ft TA-kJ i [Editorial) 0Th, Central intelligence Agency, which obviously cannot function efficiently in the glare of a spotlight, has been very much in the news in recent months. We call your attention to the article by John A. McCue, former Director of the CIA.-- In this Issue. The article explains, as the newt reparts. have not, why we have a CIA and how vital it isle our national security There were, evidently, clear examples of wrongdoing by some members of the Agency in recent years, excesses which went beyond the, airthority granted the CIA by Congress. These excesses were uncovered.-by. a Senate committee headed by Son. Frank Church (0-Idaho) which,?despite pleas from the White House, decided to expose thesecret informs- tion to the Nation and the world. The purpose of Concuss- - sional hearings is to develop information that Wit prompt legislation. Certainly legislation to prevent future excesses by ? the CIA might have been drafted and passed by Congress without publicizing our secrets, exposing America to ridicule and discrediting our intelligence organization. 0 This is an election year. Senator Church is ambitious. His insistence that the American people deserve to know all the facts is an effective one?ordinarily But this is an extremely ;sensitive and critical area. The publieshould know how our Government operates, but must we know everything about everYthing? Can we maintain relations with other nations under such circumstances? Can American intelligence Nen- des collect information vital to our security-when foreign in- formants are led to doubt our ability to protect our sources? A hundred KGB agents working overtime for the Kremlin could-hardly have undermined the CIA as effectively as Sena, tor Church's committee did. It was a shocking and im- measurably harmful blow to our national 'security '6- .??? I A iv Approved For Release 2005/11/28 : CIA:RIDP91-00901R0006110010012--3 THE NEW YORK TIMES, MONDAY, JANUARY 19, 1976 Reprinted from the Jan. 10 issue Of TV Guide Magazine. A former Director of the agency puts television coverage of its activities into historical perspective By John A. MCCOne (The Central intelligence Agency has been Much in the news lateix as television news has covered Congres. alone investigatioss of the agencYs actiVities. Toadd to viewers' understanding of that coverage, we present this article by John A. McCone, who was Director of the OA during the Kennedy and Johnson Administrations, 1961-65. Before that, he was one of the architects of the Department of Defense, and served as Deputy Secretary Of Defense under James Forrestal.] Any government, including even those which have the most-alanuaritaci.iatausaLitanai etesectiatiweit4wwei collect foreign intelligence. This pursuit of a special kind of information?and Its refined product, which Is knowledge?is an Indispensable function. Vigorous nations depend on their leaders to devise a strategy that will provide both for their security and for their economic and political well- being History teaohea us that leaders cannot Meet this responsibility unless they learn the Political, economic and military capabilities and intentions of other nations. Today, great nations are armed as never before. And the leaders of great states must take heed of the risk involved. Furthermore, in their economic life, nations both large and small are interdependent, one with the other?more now than ever before in the past. On the military side, the maneuvering of possible hostile forces, the deployment of mass-destruction weapons and?what could be of greater impor- tance? ?the hidden development of even more ad- vanced weaponry must all be discovered lflgobd time and their possible effects measured On the economic side, the task of Intelligence services that provide information to safeguard the'Nell-bPing4 the state has lately been vastly amplified : constir-44 tia has appeared that seeks to geteairlomic advan- tage by imposing quotas and exorbitant priceston raw materials that heretofore have been in relatively free international flow.. ? .,, Walter Lippmann once wrote, "Foreign policy the shield of the Republic"; and Sherman Kent, the distinguished historian, has said, "Strategic in7-. .telligence is the thing that gets the -shield to the proper place at the right time.-It is also the thing that stands ready to guide the sword." What these men are saying is merely that sound decisions designed to protect the security interests. and the economic and political welfare of our counlk try can only be made 'against a background of knowledge. Without the knowledge gained from .foreign-intelligence gathering methods, and the ap- praisal of the significance of that 'knowledge developed through careful and studious analysis of the information, leaders can make no policy deci- sions with reasonable assurance that the action, they plan is a correct one. All vigorous nations, large and small, support e foreign-Intelligence epparatus. Invariably, .the organization isciandestine. EvenlnopOnsocieties practical -considerations demand that the-organizelt tion-be kept out of public view andAtsvdric,rnade known only to .the few who. need to know Usuall* the authority granted to this organization and the Control over it are both embedded at the topmost echekin'of power. When you make public disclosure of the intimate details of a foreign-intelligence ser- vice you paralyze an otherwise effective operation. It is no surprise that the so-called superpowers? the United States and the Soviet Union?both main- tain elaborate intelligence systems; but the in- telligence efforts of other countries throughout the world, some 40 in all, are also significant. Among them all, the intelligence service of the United was initiated and authorized legislatively?in our case, by Congressional action after long and thoughffutconsideration by both houses of the Con- gress and with its operations and budgets reviewed by CongrestiOnal committees. We got into the foreign intelligence business fairly recently. Between the two World Wars, the United States maintained little in the way of an intelligence community. To be sure, the Army and the Navy main- tained separate intelligence units of their own, specifically to meet their needs in times of war. The Department of State kept a watchful eye on world happenings, and ambassadors regularly reported their observations. But, we had no organization in existence to analyze the whole flow of information and to study the dangers to American security In- herent in the pattern of action reported from abroad. Thus, an inquiry into our surprise at Pearl Harbor, conducted after World War II, disclosed that our 98dt:it's government agencies had in hand?days Prior to the actual: attack?all essential information concerning Japan's preparations for war, including k41880bly a ? parture of ;he Japanese fleet. 'State, War Departments had each 'eted:the info on, and each had used it for Own.. ,special in *Ng* but?disastrously?no branch of government then had the duty to put the information together and alert the President of im- pending danger.: 'Vitas to correct this gaping deficiency 1n our goOrnineht machinery that the Central Intelligente Agency was. created ?ritider the National Security Act i;if:.1947;To,enSure,thaf it -would remain 'apart from partisan attachments and parochial interests, the -"CIA was developed essentially as a civilian organization. It was then recognized-that many departments of government must, in the interests of their depart- mental responsibilities and ,to broaden.the base of all intelligence appraisals, continue their own in- telligence efforts. I am Speaking of the intelligence division of the State Department known as the Bureau of Intelligence and Research?a thoughtful organization that assesses information for the State ? Department; the Defense Intelligence Agency that supporte.the Secretary of Defense and the Joint Chiefs#4StafVcenrdinates the work of :the 'three separetiiiervies)ntelligenCeunits and manages the corps Of fakery; attaches; lholntel I igence. units of the Army, Npts atid'AirfEorce Maintained: to Serve their ,Chlefsel;ServiCisend to *vide ourrentjtech- nicat intelligence information tii,field Commanding the Intelligence units of the Treasury Department and the Energy Research and Development Agency (formerly the Atomic Energy Commission), both of which contribute Important specialized information on foreign developments; and, finally, the Federal Bureau of investigation, which, in the course of its extensive domestic operations, is constantly unearthing information either originating abroad or having a significant foreign connection. At- the apex of this large,. complex community is the Central Intelligence Agency. Its Director, as the President's principal Intelligence officer, is charged by Presidential directive with the responsibility for the general direction of the community as a whole. This function he carries out in his individual role and as chairman of the United States Intelligence Board, which is the -senior body of the community, and is composed of the directors of several departmental intelligence organizations. The Central Intelligence Agency's respon- sibilities, as established by law, range from the col- lection of overt and covert intelligence by its own considerable establishment to the correlation and assessment of intelligence findings from all sources. In addition, the CIA is charged with protecting in- telligence sources and methods and with executing tasks assigned by the President or the National Security Council. Under this latter mandate fall such essential activities as counterintelligence, which means ferreting out, together with the FBI, the covert activities of others. Also, the mandate covers covert political action and covert paramilitary opera- tions?the supporting or training and equipping of third-country nationals who espouse our principles of freedom and who are under attack by Communist forces directed from the center of Communist power. Unevaluated intelligence?raw, as it is known in the trade?comes in many ways. Through the long sweep of history, human contact, both open and covert, has been the major source of intelligence. Conversations between heads of state, reports from ambassadors and military attaches, and articles in newspapers and other publications all contribute to the inventory of information. But the richest source is usually the secret agent, a well-trained profes- sional, concealed under disarming cover, who usually moves in the highest and most informed cir- cles. The ethics of clandestine intelligence operations have long been debated and some would do away With them. The fact is that no international covenant 1976 Tram% Publications. Ine. Preparing this body of literature in its various forms is, in my opinion, the most important activity of the agency. It is certainly the least publicized. In the discharge of its duties, the United States In- telligence Board gathers weekly at CIA headquar- ters?and often more frequently?to review the na- tional estimates prepared by the CIA analysts. This review is made before the estimates are passed to the President and to others by the Director. It is also within the Board's purview to advise the Director on how best to supply the intelligence needs of the Na. tion's policymakers, schedule the flights of the reconnaissance satellites and photographic planes, fix the tasks of the National Security Agency, advise the precautions that may be desirable for protecting the Nation's intelligence sources and methods, and maintaining a watch office to be constantly on the alert for surprise hostile developments. In the tempest?abundantly reported by televi- sion and the press?that has been whirling over the heads of the intelligence community and particu- larly the CIA in recent months, the accusation Is fre- quently sounded that our intelligence community is an unsupervised, free-wheeling body?a law unto it- self. This simply is not true. The President, himself. exercises control in a number of ways: through per- sonal contact with his Director; through the Office of Budget and Management and a subcommittee of the National Security Council that oversees covert activities; and also through a civilian advisory board that meets frequently, reviews the community's operations and reports to the President. The House of Representatives and the Senate have special committees to oversee the community's' activities and to review its budgets. For all of this extensive oversight, recent accusa- tions of wrongdoing?some imagined, others grossly overstated, but still a few justified?have set up a clamor for closer supervision of the intelligence operations and especially the clandestine activities. In my opinion, the noise has been so great and the Image of CIA has become so tarnished that changes - must be made to extinguish, as much as possible, criticism, to restore confidence and to provide an on-going dynamic foreign intelligence service. But no changes will be useful unless the Congress, the press and electronic media, and the public can feel assured that the Nation's entire intelligence Service; in playing its part to ensure the well-being of our Na- tion, will always confine its operations to acceptable moral and legal standards. .Viseose?moreamemeliseesoweinelleilliFiePrw?rilgitrngersztr y have for centuries. At least 40 nations today remedies 'TheInvolve h legisfative and execuffiel -- support clandestine services?no great state can action. As we seek change, we must take great dare abandon them. ? not to damage the effectiveness of the intelligence in the recent past, technology has enormously organization and we must accept the practical truth lengthened the reach and sharpened the penetra- tion of Intelligence. High-flying aircraft carrying Sophisticated cameras, supplemented by orbital Satellites equipped with even more advanced cameras, have been able to look down into fortress societies and recordin startling detail what is ac- tually developing. A correspondingly wide range of electronic sensing and tracking devices makes it quite possible to ac- curately deduce the yield of nuclear devices, ex- ploded either in the atmosphere or underground, at great distances; and to supply information on the characteristics and performance of military equip- ment that is being developed and tested beyond otherwise impenetrable frontiers. Indeed, in the event of a surprise attack, we would get our first warning of the blow being prepared from these in- telligence-gathering systems. ? Gathering the information is only the start of the Intelligence process. The raw material, once ob- tained, must be drawn together, analyzed and cor- related And it must be evaluated before it becomes useful knowledge. An estimate of the developing situation emerges, and from this estimate a head of state, consulting with his advisers, can chart a course of action that will best meet the developing situation. Without the intelligence itself and the sophisticated estimate, the head of a government would be groping toward a decision. All raw intelligence entering the community flows in one form or another to the ClA. From this process- ing comes a digest of what it all means and an esti- mate of what its consequences could be. The bits and pieces of information from near and far are studied by men and women of the highest capabilities; political scientists, economists, historians, linguists, engineers, physicists and other experts. Daily intelligence reports are sent to the President and his principal advisers. Finally, there appears a body of papers known as the National Intelligence Estimates, presenting a continuing analysis of mili- ? tary, political -and economic situations that bear directly-on our national security and well-being. All are the product of the analytical process and are prepared within the halls of the Central Intelligence Agency, with a substantial oversight by the United ? States Intelligence Board. that a foreign intelligence operation, to be effective at all, must by its very nature remain "In privacy"? its activities must be cloaked In secrecy. In a free society, we find it difficult to accept this concept, btit society must accept the "cloak:' ? The proximity of the Central Intelligence Agency and its Director to the President and the National Security Council should be made more con- spicuous. Indeed, it might be advisable to identify the organization as an arm of the National Security Council and identify it that way by name. Its Director would then be the Nation's principal intelligence officer, with statutory authority over all of the ac- tivities now conducted by the CIA and with general supervision over the community as a whole. A sub- committee of NSC with high-level representation from State, Defense, Treasury and the White House itself, could provide a watchful eye over all in- telligence activities, not merely certain covert operations as now is the case. The President's Civilian Advisory Board should continue to provide him with an informed viewpoint outside of the chan? nels of government. To strengthen Congressional oversight, I suggest we create a single joint committee on intelligence, with membership drawn from both houses and ade- quately staffed. Such a committee should function in the same manner as the Joint Committee on Atomic Energy has functioned for almost 30 years. The confidentiality of all that is provided to this committee that I propose must remain within the committee, as has been the case through the years with our nuClear affairs. In particular, oversight by such a joint committee must be accepted as over. sight by the Congress as a whole. In one way or another, risks of leaks and dis- closures of sensitive operations must be lessened or eliminated under severe penalties, authorized by law. Beyond this, anyone who has been seriously con- nected with the responsibilities of national security will hope that our prolonged and painful review of the roles and missions of the CIA, and the work of the Intelligence community as a whole, will end up by preserving an organization that can serve our security needs and yet rest comfortably within American political philosophy. Our Nation would hardly be safe.without such an establishment This is what people are reading inn/ Guide-America's best selling magazine. ? GUIDE TRIANGLE PUBLICATIONS. INC. First in circulation. First in advertising revenue. Approved For Release 2005/11/28 : CIA-RDP91-00901R000600090012-3 WASHINGTON POST 8 JAN 1975 Approved For Release 2005/11/28 : CIA-RDP91-00901R Other Units Called Patsies' New House Panel on CIA Is Sought By Mary Russell Washington Post Staff Writer House Democrats dissatis- fied with congressional over- sight of the Central Intelli- gence Agency will seek to cre- ate a new House Select Com- mittee on Intelligence_ when the 291 House Democrats cau- cus Monday and Tuesday. Rep. Michael J. Harrington (D-Mass.), author of the select committee proposal, said, "Every time I read that major, independent congressional committees are going to un- dertake inVestigations at the current allegations of illegal domestic surveillance by the CIA, I want to laugh. The day- to-day record of those commit- tees is replete with indications that they didn't know or didn't want to know what's going .on." Harrington charged that, in fact. the committees had been "willing patsies" for the CIA. providirne; a "fictional cover" of congressional approval. In a latter to Democratic Caucus Chairman Phillip Bur- 'ton (D-Calif.). Harrington charged that last year the ?House Arnied? Services sub: committeee on intelligence, headed by Rep. Lucien N. Nedzi (D-Mich.), "devoted more time in hearings con- cerned with the unauthorized disclosure of classified infor- mation than with widespread accusations of improper agency actions." He said his proposed select committee would look into not only the current allegations of domestic.surveillance but "all facets of both CIA operations and congressional oversight." "Left in the hands of the new presidential commission and the existing oversight committees, the CIA can be expected to weather the cur- rent controversy with little change in its policy and opera- tions," Harrington said. A Senate Armed Services subcommittee headed by John C. Stennis (D-Miss) has juris- diction over the CIA on the Senate side, while the House Foreign Affairs Committee shares some.., jurisdiction on the House side. Nedzi has already an- nounced plans to investigate the current charges that the CIA spied on Americans in yesterday that formation of a new panel would just "duplicate efforts" of his com- mittee. He said last year's committee reorganizations were intended "to streamline committees and not prolifer- ate them." ? "Rep. Harrington's free to charge whatever he desires, but in the final analysis the record will disclose we have done an extremely diligent and effective job since we have been delegated the re- sponsibility for the CIA, Nedzi declared. Nedzi said his subcommittee wasn't established until late in 1971 and "didn't get organized until 1972." By that time, he said, allegations of CIA partic- ipation in Watergate and other domestic activities had "all been known already." Of the current allegations, Nedzi said: "While we have had some information on do- mestic operations, it did not correspond to the implications recently printed in the press and that's why we intend to the . :United States and said hold hearings.", Harrington --called his pro- posal's chances in caucus "probably pretty good." After that would come a floor vote by the full House. Harrington said formation of 4 special congressional CIA committee?"an independent investigatory mechanism"? has already been endorsed by former CIA director John Mc- Cone .and Clark Clifford, for- mer chairman of President Kennedy's Foreign. Intelli- gence Advisory Board: Meanwhile, Sen. Lowell. P. Weicker Jr. (R-Conn.) said he will reintroduce legislation to create a Senate-House over- sight committee with "broad powers to police the U.S. intel- ligence community." A Senate Government Operations sub- committee held two,?daYs of hearings last year on the pro- posal, which Welcker said had "the support of over one-third of the Senate." One function of the pro- posed joint committee would be to authorize the funding :fur the CIA and the National Security Agency, so that their budgets could not be c(vAT cealed in defense appropr - tions bills, Weicker said. Approved For Release 2005/11/28 : CIA-RDP91-00901R000600090012-3